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Encyclopedia > List of scholastic philosophers

This is a list of philosophers working in the Christian tradition in Western Europe during the medieval period.


Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

Abaelardus and Heloïse surprised by Master Fulbert, by Romanticist painter Jean Vignaud (1819) Pierre Abélard (in English, Peter Abelard) or Abailard (1079 – April 21, 1142) was a French scholastic philosopher. ... Adam Parvipontanus was born in Balsham, near Cambridge, England. ... Adam Pulchrae Mulieris, also called Adam de Puteorumvilla, was a Paris master who studied under Peter of Lamballe, who flourished in the first half of the 13th century. ... Adelard of Bath was a 12th century English scholar. ... Alain de Lille (Alanus de Insulis) (c. ... Alexander Neckam (September 8, 1157 _ 1217), was an English scientist and teacher. ... Alberich of Reims (c 1085 - 1141) studied with Anselm of Laon. ... Albert of Saxony (Albertus de Saxonia, c. ... Albertus Magnus (fresco, 1352, Treviso, Italy) Albertus Magnus (1193? – November 15, 1280), also known as Saint Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, was a Dominican friar who became famous for his universal knowledge and advocacy for the peaceful coexistence of science and religion. ... Alexander Hales (also Halensis, Alensis, Halesius, Alesius; called Doctor Irrefragabilis and Theologorum Monarcha) was a scholastic theologian. ... Alexander Neckam (September 8, 1157 _ 1217), was an English scientist and teacher. ... Alfred of Sarashel, also known as Alfred the Englishman or Alfredus Anglicus, was born some time in the 12th century and died in the 13th century. ... Amalric (French Amaury) of Bena (d. ... Anselm of Laon (died 1117) was a French theologian. ... Saint Anselm of Canterbury (1033 or 1034 – April 21, 1109), a widely influential medieval philosopher and theologian, held the office of Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109. ... Life Charters date Ardengus teaching career in Paris to the years 1227-1229. ...

B

Bede depicted in an early medieval manuscript Depiction of Bede from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493. ... Saint Benedict of Nursia (c. ... Bernard of Chartres (Bernardus Carnotensis), 12th century scholar and administrator. ... Bernard of Clairvaux, in a medieval illuminated manuscript. ... Bernard Silvestris, also known as Bernardus Silvestris, was a Spanish born Medieval platonist magician and poet, author of the Cosmographia, which influenced Chaucer. ... Boetius (or Boethius) of Dacia (sometimes called Boetius of Sweden) was a 13th-century Swedish philosopher. ... Saint Bonaventura, John of Fidanza (1221 – July 15, 1274), was a Franciscan theologian. ... Burgundio, sometimes erroneously styled Burgundius, was an Italian jurist of the 12th century. ...

C

  • Clarembald of Arras

D

Dante in a fresco series of famous men by Andrea del Castagno, ca. ... David of Dinant (ca. ... Dominicus Gundissalinus was a 12th century scholastic philosopher. ... Blessed John Duns Scotus (c. ...

E

The Meister Eckhart portal of the Erfurt Church. ... Edmund Rich, also known as Saint Edmund or Eadmund of Canterbury, and as Saint Edmund of Abingdon, was Archbishop of Canterbury in 1234. ... Elias Burneti of Bergerac was a Domican master of theology in the 13th century. ...

F

  • Francis of Marchia
  • Francis of Meyronnes
  • Florentius of Hesden

G

Gabriel Biel (c. ... Gaunilo of Marmoutiers was an 11th century Benedictine monk, a contemporary of St. ... Gerard of Cremona (Gherardo) (Cremona, Lombardy, c. ... Levi ben Gershon (Levi son of Gerson), better known as Gersonides or the Ralbag (1288-1344), was a famous rabbi, philosopher, mathematician and Talmudic commentator. ... Gilbert de la Porrée, frequently known as Gilbertus Porretanus or Pictavieiisis (1070 - September 4, 1154) was a scholastic logician and theologian. ... Gilbert de la Porrée, frequently known as Gilbertus Porretanus or Pictavieiisis (1070 - September 4, 1154), scholastic logician and theologian, was born at Poitiers. ... Giles of Rome (Latin Ægidius Romanus) (circa 1243-1316), was an archbishop of Bourges who was famed for his logician commentary on the Organon by Aristotle. ... Godfrey of Fontaines was a scholastic philosopher and theologian; born near Liège, within the first half of the thirteenth century, he became a canon of his native diocese, and also of Paris and Cologne, and was elected, in 1300, to the See of Tournai, which he declined. ... Gottschalk (Gotteschalchus) (c. ... Gregory of Rimini (c. ...

H

Henry Aristippus was the archdeacon of Catania (from c. ... Henry Bate was an Australian politician, elected as a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly. ... Henry of Ghent (c. ... Henry of Langenstein, also known as Henry of Hesse the Elder ( b. ... Herman of Carinthia (Slovene Herman Koroški) or Slav Dalmatian (Latin Sclavus Dalmata), was a Slovene (or perhaps a Croatian) philosopher, astronomer, astrologer, mathematician, translator and author. ... A medieval illumination showing Hildegard von Bingen and the monk Volmar Blessed Hildegard of Bingen (alternatively, German von Bingen or Latin, Bingensis) (September 16, 1098 – September 17, 1179) was a German magistra, monastic leader, mystic, author, and composer of music. ... Honorius Augustodunensis (Commonly known as Honorius of Autun; died c. ... Hugh of St Cher (c. ... Hugh of St. ...

I

Ivo (Yves) (born about 1040; died 1117) was bishop of Chartres from 1090-1117 and an important ecclesiastical figure and canon lawyer during the Investiture Crisis. ...

J

Jacques de Vitry (c. ... Jerome of Prague (1379-May 30, 1416) was one of the chief followers and most devoted friends of John Huss; He was born at Prague of a wealthy family; after taking his bachelors degree at the University of Prague in 1398, he secured in 1399 permission to travel. ... John Baconthorpe, also Bacon, Baco, and Bacconius (c. ... Jean Buridan, in Latin Joannes Buridanus, (1300 - 1358) was a French philosopher who sowed the seeds of religious scepticism in Europe. ... John Dumbleton (? – c. ... Jean Charlier de Gerson (December 14, 1363 - July 12, 1429), French scholar and divine, chancellor of the university of Paris, and the ruling spirit in the ecumenical councils of Pisa and Constance, was born at the village of Gerson, in the bishopric of Reims in Champagne. ... John of Jandun (Jean de Jandun) (d. ... John Peckham or Pecham (died 1292), was Archbishop of Canterbury in the years 1279-1292. ... John of Salisbury (c. ... J. Scotus Eriugena commemorated on a Irish banknote, issued 1976-1993 Johannes Scotus Eriugena (ca. ... John of Seville (Johannes Hispalensis or Johannes Hispaniensis) was a twelfth-century translator, perhaps however working at Galician Limia (Ourense), for he signed himself Johannes Hispalensis atque Limiensis, during the Reconquista, the Christian campaign to regain the Iberian Peninsula. ... Wycliffe may also refer to Wycliffe Bible Translators John Wyclif (also Wycliffe or Wycliff) (c. ...

K

L

  • Landulph Caracciolo
  • Lawrence de Fourgère

M

Marsilius of Inghen was a popular medieval Dutch Scholastic writer who studied together with Albert of Saxony and Nicole Oresme under Jean Buridan . ... Marsilius of Padua (1270 – 1342) was an Italian medieval scholar, born at Padua, and at first studied medicine in his own country. ... The Modistae (Modists, also called speculative grammarians) were a school of grammarians of 13th Century Europe, most of them active in northern France, Germany, Britain and Denmark, their influence being much less felt in southern part of Europe, where the somewhat opposing tradition of the so-called pedagogical grammar never...

N

Nicholas or Nicolaus of Autrecourt, in French Nicholas dAutrécourt (1299 - 1369), was a French medieval philosopher and theologian known principally for developing skepticism to extreme logical conclusions and even being considered the sole genuinely skeptic philosopher of medieval times. ... Nicholas of Cusa Nicholas of Cusa (1401 – August 11, 1464) was a German cardinal of the Catholic Church, a philosopher, jurist, mathematician, and an astronomer. ... Nicolas Oresme (c. ...

O

  • Odo of Châteauroux

P

Paul of Venice (c 1369 in Udine, Italy – June 15, 1429 in Padua, Italy) was a 15th century philosopher. ... Abaelardus and Heloïse surprised by Master Fulbert, by Romanticist painter Jean Vignaud (1819) Pierre Abélard (in English, Peter Abelard) or Abailard (1079 – April 21, 1142) was a French scholastic philosopher. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Peter Auriol or Aureol (c. ... Peter of Corbeil (died June 3, 1222), born at Corbeil, was a preacher and canon of Nôtre Dame de Paris, a scholastic philosopher and master of theology at the University of Paris, ca 1189. ... Pietro Damiani (St Peter Damian), (c. ... Peter Lombard (c. ... Peter John Olivi (1248 - March 14, 1298) was a Franciscan theologian who, although he died professing the faith of the Roman Catholic Church, became a controversial figure in the arguments surrounding poverty at the beginning of the Fourteenth Century. ... Peter of Spain (thirteenth century) is a Spanish author of Tractatus a standard textbook on logic, and until recently credited with a number of works on medicine. ... Peter the Venerable (about 1092 - December 25, 1156 in Cluny), also known as Peter of Montboissier, was born to Raingarde in Auvergne. ... Pierre dAilly (1350 - 1420) was a French theologian and cardinal of the Catholic Church. ... Peter of Maricourt (Peter Peregrinus of Maricourt; French Pierre Pèlerin de Maricourt; Latin Petrus Peregrinus de Maharncuria) (fl. ... Philip the Chancellor (c 1160–December 26, 1236) was a French theologian and Latin lyric poet. ... Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, also known as pseudo-Denys, is the name scholars have given to an anonymous theologian and philosopher of the 5th century, who wrote a collection of books, the Corpus Areopagiticum, falsely ascribed to the Dionysius mentioned in Acts 17:34. ... // Overview Events Romulus Augustus, Last Western Roman Emperor 410: Rome sacked by Visigoths 452: Pope Leo I allegedly meets personally with Attila the Hun and convinces him not to sack Rome 439: Vandals conquer Carthage At some point after 440, the Anglo-Saxons settle in Britain. ...

Q

R

Radbertus Paschasius (d. ... Ralph Strode (fl. ... Ramon Llull. ... Ratramnus (died circa 868) was a theological controversialist of the second half of the 9th century. ... Richard Fitzralph was born in Dundalk, Ireland, and eventually became Archbishop of Armagh. ... Richard of Middleton (c. ... Richard Rufus of Cornwall (died circa 1260) was an English Franciscan scholastic philosopher and theologian who studied at Paris and at Oxford. ... Richard of St. ... Richard Swineshead (fl. ... Robert Grosseteste (c. ... Robert Kilwardby (c. ... A portrait of Robert of Melun from a frontispiece to his works. ... Robert de Sorbon (October 9, 1201 – August 15, 1274) was a French theologian and founder of the Sorbonne college in Paris. ... Statue of Roger Bacon in the Oxford University Museum Roger Bacon (c. ... Roland of Cremona (1178-1259), Dominican theologian. ...

S

Sigerus of Brabant or Siger of Brabant (1240 - 1284) was one of the major proponents and inventors of averroism, active at the University of Sorbonne in Paris. ... Simon of Tournai (c. ... Stephen Langton (c. ...

T

Saint Thomas Aquinas [Thomas of Aquin, or Aquino] (c. ... Thomas Bradwardine (c. ... Thomas of Chobham (also called “Thomas Chobham” or “Thomas of Chabham”), English theologian and subdean of Salisbury, was born c. ... The Modistae (Modists, also called speculative grammarians) were a school of grammarians of 13th Century France and Italy. ... Thomas à Kempis Monument on Mount Saint Agnes in Zwolle. ...

U

  • Ulrich of Strassburg
  • Urso of Salerno

V

  • Vital du Four

W

Walter Burley (or Burleigh), c. ... Walter of Mortagne (b. ... William of Alnwick (c. ... William of Auvergne can refer to several people: William IV of Auvergne (989–1016) (also called William I or V) William V of Auvergne (1032–1064) (also called William II or VI) William VI of Auvergne (1096–1136) (also called William III or VII) William VII the Young of Auvergne... William of Auxer(r)e (d. ... Guillaume de Champeaux (c. ... William of Conches (born 1090, died after 1154) was a philosopher who sought to expand the bounds of Christian humanism by studying secular works of the classics and fostering empirical science. ... William of Durham, who is said to have founded University College, Oxford, probably came from the neighbourhood of Durham and was educated at Wearmouth monastery and in Paris. ... William Heytesbury (a. ... William of Ockham William of Ockham (also Occam or any of several other spellings) (c. ... A fox in the habit of a friar, preaching to a congregation of chickens and geese: from a misericorde in Ripon minster, 1480s, photographed by Dr Eric Webb. ... William of Sherwood (or Shyreswood), 1190-1249, was a medieval English logician and teacher. ... William of Ware (called the Doctor Fundatus; flourished 1290–1305) was a Franciscan friar and theologian, born at Ware in Hertfordshire. ... Witelo - also known as Erazmus Ciolek Witelo, Witelon, Vitellio, Vitello, Vitello Thuringopolonis, Erazm CioÅ‚ek, (born ca. ...

X

Y

Z

See Also

List of Medieval Islamic philosophers

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  Results from FactBites:
 
List of philosophers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (328 words)
List of philosophers born in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries
List of philosophers born in the seventeenth century
List of philosophers born in the twentieth century
Scholasticism - Free Encyclopedia (285 words)
Scholastic works therefore have a tendency to take the form of a long list of "footnotes" to the works studied, not being able to take a stand as theories on their own.
Scholastic philosophy usually combined logic, metaphysics and semantics into one discipline, and is generally recognized to have developed our understanding of logic significantly when compared to the older sources.
During the catholic scholastic revival in the late 1800s and early 1900s the scholastics were repopularized, but with a kind of narrow focus on certain scholastics and their respective schools of thought, notably Thomas Aquinas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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