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Encyclopedia > List of rulers of Monaco
The principality's thirtieth and current ruler is Albert II, Sovereign Prince of Monaco.
The principality's thirtieth and current ruler is Albert II, Sovereign Prince of Monaco.
Legend
Ruler of Monaco
Foreign occupation
Regent

The following is a chronological list of rulers of Monaco. Most belong to the House of Grimaldi; exceptions, which consist primarily of the principality's administrators under periods of foreign occupation, are noted. Prince Albert, Marquis of Baux. ... Prince Albert, Marquis of Baux. ... Albert II, Prince of Monaco (Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Grimaldi; born March 14, 1958), styled His Serene Highness The Sovereign Prince of Monaco, is the head of the House of Grimaldi and the current ruler of the Principality of Monaco. ... The Sovereign Prince of Monaco is the sovereign monarch and head of state of the Principality of Monaco. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts as head of state, especially if not the monarch (who has higher titles). ... Chronology is the science of locating events in time. ... The House of Grimaldi is associated with the history of the Republic of Genoa and of the Principality of Monaco. ...

Contents


Lords of Monaco

Name Reign Notes
François Grimaldi January 8, 12971 Though François seized the Rock, he was never ruler of Monaco.
Rainier I, Lord of Cagnes January 8, 1297April 10, 1301 François's cousin1
Under Genoese control from April 10, 1301 to September 12, 1331
Lords of Monaco (French: Seigneurs de Monaco)
Charles I September 12, 1331August 15, 1357 Joint rulers from June 29, 1352 to August 15, 1357
Antonio June 29, 1352August 15, 1357
Rainier II June 29, 1352August 15, 1357
Gabriel June 29, 1352August 15, 1357
Under Genoese control from August 15, 1357 to January 1395
Louis January 1395December 19, 1395 First of two reigns2; jointly with Jean I
Jean I January 1395December 19, 1395 First of three reigns3; jointly with Louis
Under Genoese control from December 19, 1395 to May 11, 1397
Louis May 11, 1397November 5, 1402 Second of two reigns
Under Genoese control from November 5, 1402 to June 5, 1419
Ambroise of Menton June 5, 14191427 Jointly with Antonie and Jean I
Antonie of Roquebrune June 5, 14191427 Jointly with Ambroise and Jean I
Jean I June 5, 1419October 3, 1436 Second of three reigns3; jointly with Ambroise and Antonie
Occupied by the Duchy of Milan under the governorship of Blaise Assereto from October 3, 1436 to November 1436
Jean I November 1436May 8, 1454 Third of three reigns
Catalan of Monaco May 8, 1454 – July 1457  
Claudine July 1457March 16, 1458  
Pomelline Fregoso July 1457March 16, 1458 Regent for Lady Claudine
Lambert March 16, 1458 – March 1494  
Jean II March 1494October 11, 1505  
Lucien October 11, 1505August 22, 1523  
Honoré I August 22, 1523October 7, 1581  
Augustine Grimaldi August 22, 1523April 14, 1532 Regent for Honoré I
Nicholas Grimaldi April 14, 1532April 23, 1532 Regent for Honoré I
Étienne Grimaldi April 23, 1532December 16, 1540 Regent for Honoré I
Charles II October 7, 1581May 17, 1589  
Hercule May 17, 1589November 29, 1604  
Honoré II November 29, 1604January 10, 1662 Though he started his rule as Lord of Monaco, Honoré II later became the first Prince of Monaco4.
Prince Francis Landi of Valdetare November 29, 16041616 Regent for Honoré II

François Grimaldi (François Malizia - the Cunning) was the leader of the Guelphs who captured the Rock of Monaco on the night of January 8, 1297. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 8 January - Monaco gains independence. ... The Rock of Monaco has always been a coveted possession, from the nations beggining as the Greek colony of Monoïkos the Ligurian tribes who occupied the area vied for control of it, and before that it was a shelter for primitive populations. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 8 January - Monaco gains independence. ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... Events February 7 - Edward of Caernarvon (later King Edward II of England) becomes the first Prince of Wales End of the reign of Emperor Go-Fushimi, emperor of Japan Emperor Go-Nijō ascends to the throne of Japan Dante was sent into Exile in Florence. ... Location within Italy Flag of Genoa Christopher Columbus monument in Piazza Aquaverde Genoa (Italian Genova, Genoese Zena, French Gênes, German Genua, Spanish Génova,Galician Xénova) is a city and a seaport in northern Italy, the capital of the Province of Genoa and of the region of Liguria. ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... Events February 7 - Edward of Caernarvon (later King Edward II of England) becomes the first Prince of Wales End of the reign of Emperor Go-Fushimi, emperor of Japan Emperor Go-Nijō ascends to the throne of Japan Dante was sent into Exile in Florence. ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... Events September 8 - Stefan Dusan declares himself king of Serbia Start of the reign of Emperor Kogon of Japan, first of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Births Coluccio Salutati, Florentine political leader (died 1406) Deaths January 14 - Odoric, Italian explorer October 27 - Abulfeda, Arab historian and geographer (born 1273) Categories: 1331... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... Events September 8 - Stefan Dusan declares himself king of Serbia Start of the reign of Emperor Kogon of Japan, first of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Births Coluccio Salutati, Florentine political leader (died 1406) Deaths January 14 - Odoric, Italian explorer October 27 - Abulfeda, Arab historian and geographer (born 1273) Categories: 1331... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... [[ == == ===Events= July 9 - Charles Bridge in Prague was founded == == ==]] Births Vincent Ferrer April 11 - King John I of Portugal Deaths May 28 - King Afonso IV of Portugal Categories: 1357 ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... Events June 4 - Glarus joins the Swiss Confederation. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... [[ == == ===Events= July 9 - Charles Bridge in Prague was founded == == ==]] Births Vincent Ferrer April 11 - King John I of Portugal Deaths May 28 - King Afonso IV of Portugal Categories: 1357 ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... Events June 4 - Glarus joins the Swiss Confederation. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... [[ == == ===Events= July 9 - Charles Bridge in Prague was founded == == ==]] Births Vincent Ferrer April 11 - King John I of Portugal Deaths May 28 - King Afonso IV of Portugal Categories: 1357 ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... Events June 4 - Glarus joins the Swiss Confederation. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... [[ == == ===Events= July 9 - Charles Bridge in Prague was founded == == ==]] Births Vincent Ferrer April 11 - King John I of Portugal Deaths May 28 - King Afonso IV of Portugal Categories: 1357 ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... Events June 4 - Glarus joins the Swiss Confederation. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... [[ == == ===Events= July 9 - Charles Bridge in Prague was founded == == ==]] Births Vincent Ferrer April 11 - King John I of Portugal Deaths May 28 - King Afonso IV of Portugal Categories: 1357 ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... [[ == == ===Events= July 9 - Charles Bridge in Prague was founded == == ==]] Births Vincent Ferrer April 11 - King John I of Portugal Deaths May 28 - King Afonso IV of Portugal Categories: 1357 ... Events End of reign of Hungary by Capet-Anjou family. ... Events End of reign of Hungary by Capet-Anjou family. ... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events End of reign of Hungary by Capet-Anjou family. ... Events End of reign of Hungary by Capet-Anjou family. ... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events End of reign of Hungary by Capet-Anjou family. ... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events End of reign of Hungary by Capet-Anjou family. ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ... Events February 10 - John Beaufort becomes Earl of Somerset. ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ... Events February 10 - John Beaufort becomes Earl of Somerset. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... Events September 14 - Battle of Homildon Hill. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... Events September 14 - Battle of Homildon Hill. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... Events January 19 - Hundred Years War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England which brings Normandy under the control of England. ... Menton (Italian, Mentone) is a town and commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département of the Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur région of France. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... Events January 19 - Hundred Years War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England which brings Normandy under the control of England. ... Events Lincoln College, a constituent college of the University of Oxford, is founded. ... There are communes that have the name Roquebrune in France: Roquebrune, in the Gers département Roquebrune, in the Gironde département , the old name for Roquebrune-Cap Martin in the Alpes-Maritimes département Related Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, in the Alpes-Maritimes département Roquebrune-sur-Argens, in the Var département This is... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... Events January 19 - Hundred Years War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England which brings Normandy under the control of England. ... Events Lincoln College, a constituent college of the University of Oxford, is founded. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... Events January 19 - Hundred Years War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England which brings Normandy under the control of England. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in Leap years). ... Events April - Paris is recaptured by the French End of the Hussite Wars in Bohemia. ... The Duchy of Milan was a state in northern Italy from 1395 to 1797. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in Leap years). ... Events April - Paris is recaptured by the French End of the Hussite Wars in Bohemia. ... Events April - Paris is recaptured by the French End of the Hussite Wars in Bohemia. ... Events April - Paris is recaptured by the French End of the Hussite Wars in Bohemia. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... Events February 4 - In the Thirteen Years War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederacy sends a formal act of disobedience to the Grand Master. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... Events February 4 - In the Thirteen Years War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederacy sends a formal act of disobedience to the Grand Master. ... Events University of Freiburg founded. ... Events University of Freiburg founded. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in Leap years). ... Events January 24 - Matthias I Corvinus becomes king of Hungary Foundation of Magdalen College, University of Oxford George of Podebrady becomes king of Bohemia Pope Pius II becomes pope Turks sack the Acropolis Births February 15 - Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. ... Events University of Freiburg founded. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in Leap years). ... Events January 24 - Matthias I Corvinus becomes king of Hungary Foundation of Magdalen College, University of Oxford George of Podebrady becomes king of Bohemia Pope Pius II becomes pope Turks sack the Acropolis Births February 15 - Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts as head of state, especially if not the monarch (who has higher titles). ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in Leap years). ... Events January 24 - Matthias I Corvinus becomes king of Hungary Foundation of Magdalen College, University of Oxford George of Podebrady becomes king of Bohemia Pope Pius II becomes pope Turks sack the Acropolis Births February 15 - Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. ... 1494 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1494 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years). ... 1505 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years). ... 1505 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... Events April - Battle of Villalar - Forces loyal to Emperor Charles V defeat the Comuneros, a league of urban bourgeois rebelling against Charles in Spain. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... Events April - Battle of Villalar - Forces loyal to Emperor Charles V defeat the Comuneros, a league of urban bourgeois rebelling against Charles in Spain. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... Events January 16 - English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism April 4 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. July 26 - The Northern Netherlands proclaim their independence from Spain in the Oath of Abjuration. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... Events April - Battle of Villalar - Forces loyal to Emperor Charles V defeat the Comuneros, a league of urban bourgeois rebelling against Charles in Spain. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... Events May 16 - Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... Events May 16 - Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... Events May 16 - Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... Events May 16 - Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 6 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves, his fourth Queen consort. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... Events January 16 - English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism April 4 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. July 26 - The Northern Netherlands proclaim their independence from Spain in the Oath of Abjuration. ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... Honoré II (24 December 1597-10 January 1662) was Sovereign Prince of Monaco. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 18 – Short-timed experiment of the first public buses holding 8 passengers begins in Paris May 3/May 2 - Catherine of Braganza marries Charles II of England – as part of the dowry, Portugal cedes Bombay and Tangier to England May 9 - Samuel Pepys witnessed a Punch and Judy... The Sovereign Prince of Monaco is the sovereign monarch and head of state of the Principality of Monaco. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... Events October 25 — Dirk Hartog makes the second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at an island off the Western Australian coast Pocahontas arrives in England War between Venice and Austria Collegium Musicum founded in Prague Nicolaus Copernicus De revolutionibus is placed on the Index of Forbidden Books...

Princes of Monaco

Name Reign Notes
Princes of Monaco (French: Princes de Monaco)
Honoré II November 29, 1604January 10, 1662 Though he started his rule as the last Lord of Monaco, Honoré II later became Prince of Monaco4.
Louis I January 10, 1662January 2, 1701 Louis I is not to be confused with Louis, an earlier Lord of Monaco2.
Antoine I January 2, 1701February 20, 1731  
Louise-Hippolyte February 26, 1731December 29, 1731  
Jacques I February 20, 1731December 31, 1731 Regent for Louise-Hippolyte until her death
Jacques I December 31, 1731November 7, 1733  
Honoré III November 7, 1733January 19, 1793  
Ruled by an elected National Convention and its president Joseph Barriera from January 19, 1793February 24, 1793
Annexed by France on February 14, 1793; under French occupation until June 17, 1814
Armand Louis de Gontant February 24, 1793March 1, 1793 French commandant
Henri Grégoire  ? – ? French commissioner
Grégoire Marie Jagot  ? – ? French commissioner
Under allied occupation from May 17, 1814 to June 17, 1814
Honoré IV May 30, 1814February 16, 1819  
Joseph Marie Jerôme Honoré Grimaldi, June 17, 1814June 23, 1814 Regent for Honoré IV
The State Council of Monaco, consisting of Louis Millo-Terrazzani, Horace Pretti de Saint-Ambroise, Antoine Sigaldi, Joseph Rey, and Honoré Albini, ruled on behalf of Honoré IV from June 23, 1814 to March 4, 1819.
Honoré Grimaldi March 3, 1815February 16, 1819 Regent for his father Honoré IV in his old age; became Honoré V upon his father's death
Honoré V February 16, 1819October 2, 1841  
Florestan I October 2, 1841June 20, 1856  
Charles III June 20, 1856September 10, 1889  
Albert I September 10, 1889June 26, 1922  
Louis II June 26, 1922May 9, 1949  
Rainier III May 9, 1949April 6, 2005  
Prince Albert, Marquis of Baux March 31, 2005April 6, 2005 Regent for his elderly and incapacitated father Rainier III; became Albert II on Rainier's death
Albert II April 6, 2005 – Present  

The Sovereign Prince of Monaco is the sovereign monarch and head of state of the Principality of Monaco. ... Honoré II (24 December 1597-10 January 1662) was Sovereign Prince of Monaco. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 18 – Short-timed experiment of the first public buses holding 8 passengers begins in Paris May 3/May 2 - Catherine of Braganza marries Charles II of England – as part of the dowry, Portugal cedes Bombay and Tangier to England May 9 - Samuel Pepys witnessed a Punch and Judy... The Sovereign Prince of Monaco is the sovereign monarch and head of state of the Principality of Monaco. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 18 – Short-timed experiment of the first public buses holding 8 passengers begins in Paris May 3/May 2 - Catherine of Braganza marries Charles II of England – as part of the dowry, Portugal cedes Bombay and Tangier to England May 9 - Samuel Pepys witnessed a Punch and Judy... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... Born in 1697, she is the ancestress of the current reigning royal family of Monaco. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... Prince Honoré III (November 10, 1720-March 21, 1795) ruled the Principality of Monaco for almost sixty years from 1733 to 1793. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Henri Grégoire Henri Grégoire (December 4, 1750-May 20, 1831), generally known in French as abbé Grégoire, was a French Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary leader and constitutional bishop of Blois. ... When spelt with a capital A, Allies usually denotes the countries supporting the Triple Entente who fought together against the Central Powers in World War I and against the Axis Powers in World War II. For more information, see the related articles: Allies of World War I and Allies of... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Honoré IV (May 17, 1758-February 16, 1819) was Sovereign Prince of Monaco. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Communal or, State Council is composed of 15 members who are elected to handle issues in town-planning and other local affairs. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Honoré V (May 14, 1778 in Paris, France -October 2, 1841) was Sovereign Prince of Monaco. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Honoré V (May 14, 1778 in Paris, France -October 2, 1841) was Sovereign Prince of Monaco. ... February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... October 2 is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... take you to calendar). ... Florestan I (October 10, 1785 in Paris, France –June 20, 1856) was Prince of Monaco from October 2, 1841 until his death. ... October 2 is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... take you to calendar). ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Charles III of Monaco Prince Charles III of Monaco (December 8, 1818 - September 10, 1889) was reigning Prince of Monaco from June 20, 1856 to his death. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Albert I of Monaco Albert I (November 13, 1848 – June 26, 1922) was the reigning Prince of Monaco from September 10, 1889 – June 26, 1922). ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Louis II of Monaco (July 12, 1870 – May 9, 1949) was the Sovereign Prince of Monaco from June 26, 1922 until May 9, 1949. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Rainier III ruled Monaco from 1949 to 2005. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Albert II, Prince of Monaco (Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Grimaldi; born March 14, 1958), styled His Serene Highness The Sovereign Prince of Monaco, is the head of the House of Grimaldi and the current ruler of the Principality of Monaco. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Albert II, Prince of Monaco (Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Grimaldi; born March 14, 1958), styled His Serene Highness The Sovereign Prince of Monaco, is the head of the House of Grimaldi and the current ruler of the Principality of Monaco. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Notes

History of Monaco
The Coat of Arms of the Principality of Monaco

Rock of Monaco
House of Grimaldi
   List of rulers
Franco-Monegasque Treaty The early history of Monaco is primarily concerned with the protective and strategic value of the Rock of Monaco, the areas chief geological landmark, which served first as a shelter for ancient peoples and later as a fortress. ... Princes arms of Monaco This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... The Rock of Monaco has always been a coveted possession, from the nations beggining as the Greek colony of Monoïkos the Ligurian tribes who occupied the area vied for control of it, and before that it was a shelter for primitive populations. ... The House of Grimaldi is associated with the history of the Republic of Genoa and of the Principality of Monaco. ... The Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861 granted sovereignty to Monaco. ...

  1. François Grimaldi is often cited as the principality's first ruler, though he was simply the leader of the group which seized the Rock of Monaco on 8 January 1297. François's cousin Rainier I, Lord of Cagnes, was, in fact, the first sovereign Grimaldi ruler of the area now known as Monaco. His successor Charles I, who retook the Rock after thirty years of Genoese rule, was the first true Lord of Monaco, and is thus widely considered the founder of the dynasty.
  2. Three men named Louis have ruled Monaco: Louis, Lord of Monaco, twice in the 1390s and early 1400s; Prince Louis I from 1662 to 1701; and Prince Louis II from 1922 to 1949.
  3. Jean I ruled or co-ruled for three separate periods. During the second, after the death of his co-ruler Antonie and the abdication of Ambroise in 1427, he continued as sole ruler, thus assuming a Roman numeral I in later historical texts.
  4. Starting in 1612, Honoré II was the first Monegasque ruler to add the personal style of Prince to his former title, Lord of Monaco; this became official when Philip IV of Spain recognized Monaco as a principality in 1633.

François Grimaldi (François Malizia - the Cunning) was the leader of the Guelphs who captured the Rock of Monaco on the night of January 8, 1297. ... The Rock of Monaco has always been a coveted possession, from the nations beggining as the Greek colony of Monoïkos the Ligurian tribes who occupied the area vied for control of it, and before that it was a shelter for primitive populations. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 8 January - Monaco gains independence. ... The House of Grimaldi is associated with the history of the Republic of Genoa and of the Principality of Monaco. ... Location within Italy Flag of Genoa Christopher Columbus monument in Piazza Aquaverde Genoa (Italian Genova, Genoese Zena, French Gênes, German Genua, Spanish Génova,Galician Xénova) is a city and a seaport in northern Italy, the capital of the Province of Genoa and of the region of Liguria. ... Events March 18 – Short-timed experiment of the first public buses holding 8 passengers begins in Paris May 3/May 2 - Catherine of Braganza marries Charles II of England – as part of the dowry, Portugal cedes Bombay and Tangier to England May 9 - Samuel Pepys witnessed a Punch and Judy... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... Louis II of Monaco (July 12, 1870 – May 9, 1949) was the Sovereign Prince of Monaco from June 26, 1922 until May 9, 1949. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Events Lincoln College, a constituent college of the University of Oxford, is founded. ... The system of Roman numerals is a numeral system originating in ancient Rome, and was adapted from Etruscan numerals. ... Events January 20 - Mathias becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... Honoré II (24 December 1597-10 January 1662) was Sovereign Prince of Monaco. ... The term prince (the female form is princess), from the Latin root princeps, when used for a member of the highest aristocracy, has several fundamentally different meanings - one generic, and several types of titles. ... Philip IV of Spain Philip IV (Spanish: Felipe IV) (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was the king of Spain, from 1621 until his death, and king of Portugal as Philip III (Portuguese: Filipe III) until 1640. ... Prince Albert of Monaco on the left represents a principality where he wields administrative authority. ... Events February 13 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition. ...

See also

The early history of Monaco is primarily concerned with the protective and strategic value of the Rock of Monaco, the areas chief geological landmark, which served first as a shelter for ancient peoples and later as a fortress. ... The early history of Monaco is primarily concerned with the protective and strategic value of the Rock of Monaco, the areas chief geological landmark, which served first as a shelter for ancient peoples and later as a fortress. ... The Sovereign Prince of Monaco is the sovereign monarch and head of state of the Principality of Monaco. ... The line of succession to the Monegasque Throne passes to the descendants of the reigning Prince of Monaco in accordance with male-preference primogeniture. ...

References

  • Burke's Royal Families of the World, Vol. 1: Europe and Latin America. London: Burke's Publishing Co., 1977. ISBN 0850110297.
  • Cahoon, Benjamin. Monaco. World Statesmen. URL accessed on March 16, 2005.
  • Velde, François. Monaco. Heraldica. URL accessed on March 25, 2005.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rock of Monaco - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (194 words)
The Rock of Monaco has always been a coveted possession, from the nation's beginning as the Greek colony of Monoïkos, the Ligurian tribes who occupied the area vied for control of it, and before that it was a shelter for primitive populations.
The Rock was also the first conquest of the Grimaldi dynasty, the rulers of the country for more than 700 years, when the Guelf François Grimaldi disguised himself as a Franciscan monk in order to gain entry to the city and open the gates for his soldiers.
Today, the Rock is in the oldest of Monaco's five quarters, Monaco-Ville, which is also the location of Old Town, the oldest known part of the city.
History of Monaco: Information from Answers.com (1321 words)
The early history of Monaco is primarily concerned with the protective and strategic value of the Rock of Monaco, the area's chief geological landmark, which served first as a shelter for ancient peoples and later as a fortress.
Monaco remained under Roman control until the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in 476, from which point the area was ravaged by Saracens and various barbarian tribes.
The revised Constitution of Monaco, proclaimed in 1962, abolished capital punishment, provided for female suffrage, established a Supreme Court to guarantee fundamental liberties and made it difficult for a French national to transfer his or her residence there.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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