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Encyclopedia > List of psychology disciplines

These are some of the sub-fields within the field of psychology: Psychology (ancient Greek: psyche = soul or mind, logos/-ology = study of) is an academic and applied field involving the study of mind and behavior. ...

Abnormal psychology studies the nature of psychopathology, its causes, and its treatments. ... Activity theory (AT) is a Soviet psychological meta-theory, paradigm, or framework, with its roots in behaviourism. ... Analytical psychology (also known as Jungian Analysis) is based upon the movement started by Carl Jung and his followers as distinct from Freud| Freudian psychoanalysis. ... The basic premise of applied psychology is the use of psychological principles and theories to overcome practical problems in other fields, such as business management, product design, ergonomics, nutrition or clinical medicine. ... ... Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is an approach to psychology based on the proposition that behavior is interesting and worthy of scientific research. ... Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is an approach to psychology based on the proposition that behavior is interesting and worthy of scientific research. ... Biological psychology may be looked at as a hybrid of neuroscience and psychology. ... This article or section should be merged with biological psychology Psychobiology, also called biopsychology, is the scientific study of mental functioning and behavior in relation to other biological processes, or put another way, of the effects of cognition, emotions, and experience on animal physiology. ... == ISABEL IS COOL AND SHE LOVES COGNITIVE NEUROPSYCHOLOGY!!!!!!!!! == Cognitive neuropsychology is a branch of neuropsychology that aims to understand how the structure and function of the brain relates to specific psychological processes. ... Cognitive psychology is the psychological science which studies cognition, the mental processes that are hypothesised to underlie behavior. ... The field of Cognitive neuroscience concerns the study of the neural mechanisms underlying cognition and is a branch of biological psychology which, in turn, is part of the wider field of neuroscience, the most comprehensive interdisciplinary discipline studying the brain . ... Community Psychology lies at the intersection of Social Psychology, Political Science, and Community Development. ... Comparative psychology, taken in its most usual, broad, sense, refers in to the study of the behaviour and mental life of animals other than human beings. ... Clinical psychology is the application of psychology within a clinical (health) setting. ... Unlike clinical psychology, counseling psychology is generally a joint-venture of both psychology departments and departments of education. ... Critical psychology is both a critique of mainstream psychology and an attempt to apply psychology in more progressive ways (based, for example, on Marxist or feminist analyses) and contexts than have thus far been the case. ... Developmental psychology is the scientific study of progressive psychological changes that occur in human beings as they age. ... Discursive psychology is a school of psychology developed in the 1990s by Jonathan Potter and Derek Edwards at Loughborough University. ... History Distributed cognition is a school of psychology developed in the 1990s by Edwin Hutchins. ... A new approach in cognitive science proposed by Tim van Gelder which proposes that differential equations are a better way of modelling cognition than more traditional computer models. ... Ecological psychology (EP) is term claimed by a number of schools of psychology. ... Educational psychology is the study of how humans learn in educational settings, the effectiveness of educational treatments, the psychology of teachers, and the social psychology of schools as organizations. ... Embodied philosophy (also known as the embodied mind thesis, embodied cognition or the embodied cognition thesis) usually refers to a set of beliefs promoted by George Lakoff and his various co-authors (including Mark Johnson, Mark Turner, and Rafael E. Núñez), which suggest that the mind can only be... Emotional clearing (EMC) is a form of psychotherapy, developed in the 1980s. ... Evolutionary psychology (abbreviated ev-psych or EP) proposes that animal psychology can be better understood in light of evolution. ... Experimental psychology is an approach to psychology that treats it as one of the natural sciences, and therefore assumes that it is susceptible to the experimental method. ... Forensic psychology is the application of psychological priniciples and knowledge to various legal activities involving child custody disputes, child abuse of an emotional, physical and sexual nature, assessing ones personal capacity to manage ones affairs, matters of competency to stand trial, criminal responsbility & personal injury and advising judges... Health psychology is the use of psychological principles to promote health and to prevent illness (Taylor, 1990). ... Humanistic psychology is a school of psychology that emerged in the 1950s in reaction to both behaviorism and psychoanalysis. ... Individual differences psychology studies the ways in which individual people differ in their behavior. ... Industrial and organizational psychology (or I/O psychology) is also known as occupational psychology (in the United Kingdom) and work psychology (from the German, Arbeitpsychologie). ... Medical psychology (also known as Clinical Health Psychology, Psychosomatic Medicine, Health Care Psychology, Behavioral Medicine, or Health Psychology) revolves around the idea that both the body and mind are one, indivisible structure. ... Neuropsychology is a branch of psychology that aims to understand how the structure and function of the brain relate to specific psychological processes. ... Performance psychology is the branch of psychology that studies the factors that allow individuals, communities and societies to flourish, anf poo. ... Personality psychology is a branch of psychology which studies personality and individual difference processes - that which makes us into a person. ... Philippine Psychology is the Philippine branch of a more wider perspective of the Asian Psychology. ... Physiological psychology is sometimes related to psychiatry, and in fact may end up becoming the parent branch which contains psychiatry. ... Popular psychology, frequently called pop psychology, refers to concepts and theories about human mental life and behaviour that come from outside the technical study of psychology, but purport to go beyond everyday knowledge. ... Though the term self-help can refer to any case whereby an individual or a group betters themselves economically, intellectually or emotionally, the connotations of the phrase have come to apply particularly to psychological or psychotherapeutic nostrums, often purveyed through the popular genre of the self-help book. ... Political psychology is an interdisciplinary academic field dedicated to the study of the psychology behind political behavior by voters, lawmakers, local and national governments and administrations, international organizations, political parties and associations. ... Positive psychology is a term coined by Abraham Maslow and adopted by psychologist Martin E.P. Seligman, and a movement in psychology which emphasizes what is right with people rather than what is wrong with them. ... Pre- and perinatal psychology is the study of the psychological implications of the earliest experiences of the individual, before (prenatal) and during (perinatal) childbirth. ... Problem solving forms part of thinking. ... Psychoanalysis is a family of psychological theories and methods within the field of psychotherapy that seeks to elucidate connections among unconscious components of patients mental processes, and to do so in a systematic way through a process of tracing out associations. ... For the fictional use of the term psychohistory, see psychohistory (fictional) Psychohistory is the study of the psychological motivations of historical events. ... Psychology of religion is psychologys theory of religious experiences and beliefs. ... For information regarding the parapsychology phenomenon of distance knowledge, see psychometry. ... Psychonomics describes an approach to psychology that aims at discovering the laws (Greek: nomos) that govern the workings of the mind (Greek: psyche). The field is directly related to experimental psychology. ... Psychophysics is the branch of cognitive psychology dealing with the relationship between physical stimuli and their perception. ... Psychophysiology is the science of understanding the link between psychology and physiology. ... Psychotherapy is a set of techniques intended to improve mental health, emotional or behavioral issues in individuals, who are often called clients. These issues often make it hard for people to manage their lives and achieve their goals. ... Psychiatry is the branch of medicine that studies, diagnoses and treats mental illness and behavioral disorders. ... Binet could be considered the first school psychologist A school psychologist is a practicioner who applies his psychological training to assess and help schoolchildren. ... In psychology, sensation is the first stage in the chain of biochemical and neurologic events that begins with the impinging of a stimulus upon the receptor cells of a sensory organ, which then leads to perception, the mental state that is reflected in statements like I see a uniformly blue... PSYCHOLOGY In psychology and the cognitive sciences, perception is the process of acquiring, interpreting, selecting, and organizing sensory information. ... Situated cognition is a new movement in cognitive psychology which derives from pragmatism, Gibsonian ecological psychology, ethnomethodology, the theories of Vygotsky and the writings of Heidegger. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Theoretical psychology is concerned with theoretical and philosophical aspects of the discipline of psychology. ... Traffic psychology is a young expanding field in psychology. ... Transpersonal psychology is a school of psychology that studies the spiritual and transpersonal dimensions of humanity, and the possibilty of development beyond traditional ego-boundaries. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Psychology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3317 words)
Psychology differs from sociology, anthropology, economics, and political science in part because it involves studying the mental processes and behavior of individuals (alone or in groups) rather than the behavior of the groups or aggregates themselves.
Psychology differs from biology and neuroscience in that it is primarily concerned with the interaction of mental processes and behavior and of the overall processes of a system, and not simply the biological or neural processes themselves.
Cognitive psychology is associated with a school of thought known as cognitivism, whose adherents argue for an information processing model of mental function, informed by positivism and experimental psychology.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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