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Encyclopedia > List of popes
Popes buried in St. Peter's
Popes buried in St. Peter's

This is a list of Popes of the Catholic Church. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 559 KB) SUMMI PONTIFICES IN HAC BASILICA SEPULTI Popes buried in this Basilica. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 559 KB) SUMMI PONTIFICES IN HAC BASILICA SEPULTI Popes buried in this Basilica. ... The Basilica of Saint Peter from Castel SantAngelo. ...



While the term "Pope" (Latin: papa "father'") is used in several churches to denote their high spiritual leaders, this title in English usage generally refers to the supreme earthly head of the Roman Catholic Church. The title itself has been used officially by the head of the Roman Catholic Church since the tenure of Pope Siricius. The current Pope is Benedict XVI (born Joseph Alois Ratzinger), who was elected at the age of 78 on 19 April 2005. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see Terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus, with its traditions first established by the Twelve Apostles and maintained through... St. ...


Hermannus Contractus may have been the first historian to number the popes continuously. His list ends in 1049 with Pope Leo IX as the number 154. On that basis, the current Pope Benedict XVI would be the 267th pope. Hermannus Contractus (also called Hermannus Augiensis, Hermann of Reichenau) (1013 July 18 – 1054 September 24) was an 11th century scholar, composer, and music theorist. ... Leo IX, born Bruno of Eguisheim-Dagsburg (June 21, 1002 – April 19, 1054) was Pope from February 12, 1049 to his death. ... Papal Arms of Pope Benedict XVI. The papal tiara was replaced with a bishops mitre, and pallium of the Pope was added beneath the coat of arms. ...


There is no official list of popes, but the Annuario Pontificio, published every year by the Vatican, contains a list that is generally considered to be the most authoritative. Its list is the one given here. The Annuario Pontificio's list gives Benedict XVI as the 265th pope. The Annuario Pontificio or Pontifical Yearbook is the annual directory of the Holy See of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Annuario Pontificio or Pontifical Yearbook is the annual directory of the Holy See of the Roman Catholic Church. ...


Several changes have been made in the list during the 20th century. Antipope Christopher was considered legitimate for a long time. Pope-elect Stephen was considered legitimate under the name Stephen II until the 1961 edition and erased then. Although these changes are no more controversial, a number of modern lists still include this "first Pope Stephen II". It is probable that this is because they are based on the 1913 edition of the Catholic Encyclopaedia, which is in the public domain. Christopher was an antipope from October 903 to January 904, probably dying that year. ... Stephen, a priest of Rome elected pope in March of 752 to succeed Pope Zachary, died of apoplexy three days later, before being ordained a bishop. ... The Catholic Encyclopedia is an English-language encyclopedia published in 1913 by the The Encyclopedia Press, designed to give authoritative information on the entire cycle of Catholic interests, action and doctrine. // History The writing of the encyclopedia began on January 11, 1905 under the supervision of five editors: Charles G...


The pope also bears the spiritual titles Bishop of Rome, Vicar of Jesus Christ, Successor of St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles, Supreme Pontiff of the Universal Church, Primate of Italy, Archbishop and Metropolitan of the Roman Province and Servant of the Servants of God. Since 1929, the pope's temporal title has been Sovereign of the State of the Vatican City (the Holy See). A mitre is used as a symbol of the bishops ministry. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 8th century BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (496. ... In the broadest sense, a vicar (from the Latin vicarius) is anyone acting as a substitute or agent for a superior (compare vicarious). In this sense, the title is comparable to lieutenant. ... i hate god ... This page is about the title or the Divine Person. For the Christian figure, see Jesus. ... According to tradition, Peter was crucified upside-down, as shown in this painting by Caravaggio. ... The term prince (the female form is princess), from the Latin root princeps, when used for a member of the highest aristocracy, has several fundamentally different meanings - one generic, and several types of titles. ... The Twelve Apostles (in Koine Greek απόστολος apostolos [1], someone sent forth/sent out, an emissary) were probably Galilean Jewish men (10 names are Aramaic, 4 names are Greek) chosen from among the disciples, who were sent forth by Jesus of Nazareth to preach the Gospel to both Jews and Gentiles... In Rome, the title of Supreme Pontiff (in Latin, Pontifex Maximus), belongs to the chief religious official of the city. ... In Christian theology, One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church is a phrase describing the nature of the Christian community and/or Christian Church, in the various meanings it has. ... Catholic Patriarchal (non cardinal) coat of arms Primate (from the Latin Primus, first) is a title or rank bestowed on some bishops in certain Christian churches. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... In hierarchical Christian churches, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop (then more precisely called Metropolitan archbishop) of a metropolis; that is, the chief city of an old Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital. ... Servus Servorum Dei is a Latin phrase meaning Servant of the Servants of God. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e. ...

Contents

List of popes

Began AD 30-249

Pontificate Common English Name Regnal (Latin) Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
30 to 67 Peter
Saint Peter
Petrus, Head of the Church Simon Peter
שמעון בן יונה
(Shimon ben Yona)
Shimon Kipha
ΣΙΜΗΟΝ ΚΗΦΑΣ
(Simeon Kephas)
Bethsaida, Galilea Disciple of Jesus from whom he received the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven, according to Matthew 16:18-19.
post42/ante57 to 64/67(?) Petrus, Episcopus Romanus Executed by crucifixion upside-down; feast day (SS Peter & Paul) 29 June, (Chair of Peter) 22 February
64/67(?) to 76/79(?) Linus
Saint Linus
Linus, Episcopus Romanus Linus Tuscia (Northern Latium) Traditionally martyred (no evidence); Feast day 23 September
76/79(?) to 88 Anacletus
(Cletus)
Saint Anacletus
Anacletus, Episcopus Romanus Anacletus Probably Greece Martyred; feast day 26 April
88/92 to 97/101 Clement I
Saint Clement
Clemens, Episcopus Romanus   Rome Martyred; feast day 23 November
97/99 to 105/107 Evaristus
(Aristus)
Saint Evaristus
Evaristus, Episcopus Romanus Aristus   Traditionally martyred (no evidence); feast day 26 October
105/107 to 115/116 Alexander I
Saint Alexander
Alexander, Episcopus Romanus Alexander Rome  
115/116 to 125 Sixtus I
Saint Sixtus
Xystus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome or Greece  
125 to 136/138 Telesphorus
Saint Telesphorus
Telesphorus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece  
136/138 to 140/142 Hyginus
Saint Hyginus
Hyginus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece Traditionally martyred (no evidence); feast day 11 January
140/142 to 155 Pius I
Saint Pius
Pius, Episcopus Romanus   Aquileia, Friuli, Italy Martyred by sword; feast day 11 July
155 to 166 Anicetus
Saint Anicetus
Anicetus, Episcopus Romanus   Emesa, Syria Traditionally martyred (no evidence); feast day 17 April
c.166 to 174/175 Soter
Saint Soter
Soterius, Episcopus Romanus   Fondi, Latium, Italy Traditionally martyred; feast day 22 April
174/175 to 189 Eleuterus
Saint Eleutherus
Eleutherius, Episcopus Romanus   Nicopoli, Epyrus Traditionally martyred; feast day 6 May
189 to 198/199 Victor I
Saint Victor
Victor, Episcopus Romanus   Northern Africa  
199 to 217 Zephyrinus
Saint Zephyrin
Zephyrinus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
c.217 to 222/223 Callixtus I
Saint Callixtus
Callistus, Episcopus Romanus     Martyred; feast day 14 October
222/223 to 230 Urban I
Saint Urban
Urbanus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
21 July 230 to 28 September 235 Pontian
Saint Pontian
Pontianus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
235 to 3 January 236 Anterus
Saint Anterus
Anterus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece  
10 January 236 to 20 January 250 Fabian
Saint Fabian
Fabianus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  

According to tradition, Peter was crucified upside-down, as shown in this painting by Caravaggio. ... Galilee (Arabic al-jaleel الجليل, Hebrew hagalil הגליל), meaning circuit, is a large area overlapping with much of the North District of Israel. ... i hate god ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... The Roman Catholic Archbishop of Chicago preaches from his cathedra, placed in front of the altar on special occasions. ... February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Pope Linus (d. ... A flowered corn field in Tuscany. ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... Anacletus, or Anencletus, was the third pope (after St Peter and St Linus). ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... Saint Clement I, the bishop of Rome also called Clement of Rome and Clemens Romanus, was either the third or fourth pope, before or after Anacletus. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 8th century BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (496. ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... Evaristus was Pope from about 98 to 105 (99 to 108 in the Vaticans Annuario Pontificio of 2003). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... Alexander I was Pope from about 106 to 115. ... Sixtus I was a second-century pope for about ten years, succeeding Pope Alexander I. In the oldest documents, Xystus is the spelling used for the first three popes of that name. ... Telesphorus (feast day: January 5) was Pope from about 126 to about 137. ... Hyginus (feast day: January 11) was Pope from about 138 to about 140. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Pope Pius I was pope, perhaps from 140 to 154, though the Vaticans 2003 Annuario Pontificio lists 142 or 146 to 157 or 161. ... Aquileia (Friulian Aquilee, Slovene Oglej) is an ancient Roman town of Italy, at the head of the Adriatic at the edge of the lagoons, about 10 km from the sea, on the river Natiso (modern Natisone), the course of which has changed somewhat since Roman times. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... Anicetus was pope from about 154 to about 167 (the Vaticans list cites 150 or 157 to 153 or 168). ... Emesa was an ancient city on the Orontes River in Syria. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... Soter, sometimes known as the Pope of Charity, was pope from 166 to 174 (the Vatican cites 162 or 168 to 170 or 177). ... Fondi is a small town in Italy, halfway between Rome and Naples. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... Eleuterus or Eleutherius was pope from about 175 to 189 (the Vatican cites 171 or 177 to 185 or 193). ... Nicopolis (meaning in Greek: city of victory; see also List of traditional Greek place names) or Actia Nicopolis was an ancient city of Epirus, founded 31 BC by Octavian in memory of his victory over Antony and Cleopatra at Actium. ... May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). ... Saint Victor I was Pope from 189 to 199 (the Vatican cites 186 or 189 to 197 or 201). ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent. ... Pope Zephyrinus was pope from about 199 to 217. ... Callixtus I (also Callistus I) was pope from about 217 to 222, during the reigns of the Roman Emperors Elagabalus and Alexander Severus. ... October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint Urban, pope (222-230), came to The See in the year that Roman Emperor Heliogabalus was assassinated and served under the reign of Emperor Alexander Severus. ... July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 163 days remaining. ... Events Pope Pontian succeeds Pope Urban I Patriarch Castinus succeeds Patriarch Ciriacus I as Patriarch of Constantinople Births Deaths Categories: 230 ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Maximinus Thrax becomes Roman Emperor. ... Pontian (or Pontianus), was pope from July 21, 230 to September 28, 235. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Pope Fabian succeeds Pope Anterus Births Deaths Pope Anterus Categories: 236 ... Pope Anterus, the 19th Pope (Reign: November 21, 235 - January 3, 236), succeeded Pope Pontian, who had been deported from Rome along with the antipope Hippolytus to Sardinia. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Pope Fabian succeeds Pope Anterus Births Deaths Pope Anterus Categories: 236 ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Diophantus writes Arithmetica the first systematic treatise on algebra. ... Saint Fabian (died 250; feast day: January 20), pope and martyr, was chosen pope, or bishop of Rome, in January 236 in succession to Pope Anterus. ...

Began AD 250-499

Pontificate Common English Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
March/April 251 to June 253 Cornelius
Saint Cornelius
Cornelius, Episcopus Romanus     Died a martyr, through extreme hardship; feast day 16 September
25 June 253 to 5 March 254 Lucius I
Saint Lucius
Lucius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome Feast day 4 March
12 May 254 to 2 August 257 Stephen I
Saint Stephen
Stephanus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome Martyred by beheading; feast day 2 August
30/31 August 257 to 6 August 258 Sixtus II
Saint Sixtus II
Xystus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece Martyred by beheading
22 July 259 to 26 December 268 Dionysius
Saint Dionysius
Dionysius, Episcopus Romanus   Greece Feast day 26 December
5 January 269 to 30 December 274 Felix I
Saint Felix
Felix, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
4 January 275 to December 283 Eutychian
Saint Eutychian
Eutychianus, Episcopus Romanus      
17 December 283 to 22 April 296 Caius
Saint Caius
Caius, Episcopus Romanus      
296 to 304 Marcellinus
Saint Marcellinus
Marcellinus, Episcopus Romanus      
308 to 309 Marcellus
Saint Marcellus
Marcellus, Episcopus Romanus      
c.309 to c.310 Eusebius
Saint Eusebius
Eusebius, Episcopus Romanus      
2 July 311 to 11 January 314 Miltiades
Melchiades
Saint Miltiades
Miltiades, Episcopus Romanus   Africa First pope after the end of the persecution of Christians through the Edict of Milan (313 AD) issued by Constantine the Great
31 January 314 to 31 December 335 Silvester I
Saint Silvester
Silvester, Episcopus Romanus      
18 January 336 to 7 October 336 Mark
Saint Mark
Marcus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome Feast day 7 October
6 February 337 to 12 April 352 Julius
Saint Julius
Iulius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
17 May 352 to 24 September 366 Liberius Liberius, Episcopus Romanus     Oldest Pope not yet canonized
1 October 366 to 11 December 384 Damasus I
Saint Damasus
Damasus, Episcopus Romanus   Guimarães  
11 December 384 to 26 November 399 Siricius
Saint Siricius
Papa Siricius, Episcopus Romanus     First to employ the title "Papa" ("Pope")
27 November 399 to 19 December 401 Anastasius
Saint Anastasius
Papa Anastasius, Episcopus Romanus      
22 December 401 to 12 March 417 Innocent I
Saint Innocent
Papa Innocentius, Episcopus Romanus      
18 March 417 to 26 December 418 Zosimus
Saint Zosimus
Papa Zosimus, Episcopus Romanus      
28/29 December 418 to 4 September 422 Boniface I
Saint Boniface
Papa Bonifacius, Episcopus Romanus      
10 September 422 to 27 July 432 Celestine I
Saint Celestine
Papa Coelestinus, Episcopus Romanus      
31 July 432 to March/August 440 Sixtus III
Saint Sixtus
Papa Xystus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus      
29 September 440 to 10 November 461 Leo I
Saint Leo
Leo the Great
Papa Leo Magnus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome Convinced Attila the Hun to turn back his invasion of Italy
19 November 461 to 29 February 468 Hilarius
Saint Hilarius
Papa Hilarius, Episcopus Romanus      
3 March 468 to 10 March 483 Simplicius
Saint Simplicius
Papa Simplicius, Episcopus Romanus   Tivoli, Italy  
13 March 483 to 1 March 492 Felix III
Saint Felix
Papa Felix Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome Sometimes called Felix II
1 March 492 to 21 November 496 Gelasius I
Saint Gelasius
Papa Gelasius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
24 November 496 to 19 November 498 Anastasius II Papa Anastasius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus      
22 November 498 to 19 July 514 Symmachus
Saint Symmachus
Papa Symmachus, Episcopus Romanus   Sardinia  

Cornelius was elected pope on either March 6 or March 13, 251 during the lull in the persecution of the Roman Emperor Decius. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... For the book see 253 (book). ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... A cosmic number. ... Lucius I was pope for eight months (253-254). ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... A cosmic number. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... Events Pope Sixtus II succeeds Pope Stephen I Births Saint Gregory the Illuminator, founder and patron saint of the Armenian Church (approximate date) Deaths Pope Stephen I Categories: 257 ... Stephen I, pope (about March 12, 254 to August 2, 257). ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... Events Pope Sixtus II succeeds Pope Stephen I Births Saint Gregory the Illuminator, founder and patron saint of the Armenian Church (approximate date) Deaths Pope Stephen I Categories: 257 ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... Events Sun Xiu succeeds Sun Liang as ruler of the Chinese kingdom of Wu The Goths ravage Asia Minor and Trabzon Gaul, Britain and Spain break off from the Roman Empire to form the Gallic Empire Nanjing University first founded in Nanjing, China Births Emperor Hui of Jin China (approximate... Sixtus II was pope from August 30, 257 to August 6, 258, following Stephen I as bishop of Rome in 257. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... Valerian (david neiman was here) captured by the Alamanni (possibly 260) The Franks who invaded the Roman Empire near Cologne in 257, reach Tarraco in Hispania Pope Dionysius elected. ... December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... Events The Alamanni invade Italy. ... Pope Dionysius was pope from July 22, 259 to December 26, 268. ... December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Felix I is elected pope. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... Events The Gallic Empire (Gaul and Britain) is reconquered by Roman Emperor Aurelian With the conquests of the Palmyran Empire (272) and the Gallic Empire, the Roman Empire is united again Births Deaths Pope Felix I Cao Fang, emperor of the Kingdom of Wei Categories: 274 ... Felix I, pope (January 5, 269 - December 30, 274), a Roman by birth, succeeded Dionysius after his death on December 26, 268 as Pope, being elected in January 269. ... January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Eutychian elected pope (probable date) September 25 - Marcus Claudius Tacitus appointed emperor by the senate Births Eusebius of Caesarea (approximate date) Saint George, soldier of the Roman Empire and later Christian martyr (or 280, approximate date). ... Eutychian or Eutychianus was pope from January 4, 275 to December 7, 283 (according to the Annuario Pontificio of 2003). ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events December 17 - Pope Gaius succeeds Pope Eutychian December - Numerian was proclaimed Roman emperor by his soldiers. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... Events Galerius conquers Ctesiphon on the Persians; in the following peace settlement he returns it in exchange of Armenia Pope Marcellinus I succeeds Pope Caius Allectus, sucessor by assassination to Britain, is defeated by Constantius Chlorus and Britain is returned to the Roman Empire Births Deaths Pope Caius Categories: 296... Saint Caius or Gaius was pope from 283 until his death in 296. ... Saint Marcellinus, Pope, according to the Liberian Catalogue, became bishop of Rome on June 30, 296; his predecessor was Pope Caius. ... Marcellus I, pope, succeeded Marcellinus, after a considerable interval, most probably in May 307; under Maxentius he was banished from Rome in 309 on account of the tumult caused by the severity of the penances he had imposed on Christians who had lapsed under the recent persecution. ... Eusebius (Greek word: euseves=pious) was a Pope in the year 309 or 310. ... July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ... Events By Place Roman Empire May 5 - Galerius issues his Edict of Toleration, ending persecution of Christians in his part of the Roman Empire. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events August 30 - Council of Arles, which confirmed the pronouncement of Donatism as a schism, and passed other canons. ... Miltiades, or Melchiades (other forms of the name being Meltiades, Melciades, Milciades, and Miltides) was Pope from July 10, 310 or 311 to January 10 or 11, 314. ... The Edict of Milan (AD 313) declared that the Roman Empire would be neutral with regard to religious worship, officially ending all government-sanctioned persecution, especially of Christianity. ... Head of Constantines colossal statue at Musei Capitolini Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (February 27, 272–May 22, 337), commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic[2] Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events August 30 - Council of Arles, which confirmed the pronouncement of Donatism as a schism, and passed other canons. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events November 7 - Athanasius is banished to Trier, on the charge that he prevented the corn fleet from sailing to Constantinople. ... Pope Silvester I (or Sylvester) was pope from January 314 to December 31, 335, succeeding Pope Miltiades. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 18 - Marcus elected pope. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 18 - Marcus elected pope. ... Mark (in Latin : Marcus) was pope in the year 336. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 6 - Julius is elected pope. ... April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... [edit] Events [edit] By Place [edit] Roman Empire The Alamanni and the Franks defeat the Roman army, taking control of 40 towns between the Moselle and the Rhine. ... Julius I, pope from 337 to 352, was a native of Rome and was chosen as successor of Marcus after the Roman see had been vacant four months. ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... [edit] Events [edit] By Place [edit] Roman Empire The Alamanni and the Franks defeat the Roman army, taking control of 40 towns between the Moselle and the Rhine. ... September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years). ... Events January 2, Alamanni cross frozen Rhine in large numbers, invading Roman Empire October 1 - Pope Damasus I becomes Bishop of Rome. ... Liberius, pope from May 17, 352 to September 24, 366, was the earliest pope who did not become a saint. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 2, Alamanni cross frozen Rhine in large numbers, invading Roman Empire October 1 - Pope Damasus I becomes Bishop of Rome. ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Forum of Theodosius I built in Constantinople. ... Saint Damasus I ( 305-383) was Pope from 366. ... District or region Braga Mayor   - Party Magalhães Silva PS Area 241. ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Forum of Theodosius I built in Constantinople. ... November 26 is the 330th day (331st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Yazdegerd I becomes king of Persia November 27 - St. ... St. ... November 27 is the 331st day (332nd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Yazdegerd I becomes king of Persia November 27 - St. ... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Pope Innocent I succeeds Pope Anastasius I. The Vandals start their westward trek from Dacia and Hungary (or 400). ... Anastasius I was pope from November 27, 399-401. ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... // Events Pope Innocent I succeeds Pope Anastasius I. The Vandals start their westward trek from Dacia and Hungary (or 400). ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in leap years). ... Events January 1 - Constantius III marries Galla Placidia, sister of Honorius. ... Saint Innocent I, pope (402 - 417), was, according to his biographer in the Liber Pontificalis, the son of a man called Innocent of Albano; but according to his contemporary Jerome, his father was Pope Anastasius I, whom he was called by the unanimous voice of the clergy and laity to... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... Events January 1 - Constantius III marries Galla Placidia, sister of Honorius. ... December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... // Events December 28 - Boniface succeeds Zosimus as Pope Council of Carthage - discussion of Biblical canon Births Deaths December 26 - Pope Zosimus In Other Fields 418 is the area code for telephone numbers in the Quebec City region of the province of Quebec of Canada. ... This article is on the pope. ... December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. ... // Events December 28 - Boniface succeeds Zosimus as Pope Council of Carthage - discussion of Biblical canon Births Deaths December 26 - Pope Zosimus In Other Fields 418 is the area code for telephone numbers in the Quebec City region of the province of Quebec of Canada. ... September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... Events September 10 - Celestine succeeds Boniface as Pope Births Deaths September 4 - Pope Boniface I Liu Yu (Song Wu Di), ruler of the Chinese Song Dynasty Faxian, Chinese Buddhist monk (approximate date) Categories: 422 ... Boniface I was pope from 418 to 422. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... Events September 10 - Celestine succeeds Boniface as Pope Births Deaths September 4 - Pope Boniface I Liu Yu (Song Wu Di), ruler of the Chinese Song Dynasty Faxian, Chinese Buddhist monk (approximate date) Categories: 422 ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... Events July 31 - Sixtus is elected to succeed Celestine as Pope. ... Saint Celestine I was pope from 422 to 432. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ... Events July 31 - Sixtus is elected to succeed Celestine as Pope. ... Sixtus III (d. ... September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events September 29 - Leo succeeds Sixtus as Pope. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... Events August 2 - Majorian resigns as Western Roman Emperor; shortly afterwards Libius Severus is declared western Roman emperor by Ricimer November 19 - Hilarius succeeds Leo as Pope Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a Christian missionary. ... Pope Saint Leo I, or Leo the Great, was a Roman aristocrat who was Pope from 440 to 461. ... Attila the Hun (405–453), also sometimes known with the nickname as Attila the Scourge of God (Flagellum Dei) or just Attila was the final and most powerful king of the Huns. ... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events August 2 - Majorian resigns as Western Roman Emperor; shortly afterwards Libius Severus is declared western Roman emperor by Ricimer November 19 - Hilarius succeeds Leo as Pope Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a Christian missionary. ... February 29th, or bissextile day, is the 60th day of a leap year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 306 days remaining. ... Events March 3 - Simplicius succeeds Hilarius as Pope The Vandal fleet overpowers the navy of Leo I of the Byzantine Empire Huns again invade Dacia but are once more repelled by the eastern emperor Leo I. Births Deaths February 29 - Pope Hilarius Gunabhadra Categories: 468 ... Pope Hilarius (also Hilarus, Hilary) was Pope from 461 to February 28, 468). ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... Events March 3 - Simplicius succeeds Hilarius as Pope The Vandal fleet overpowers the navy of Leo I of the Byzantine Empire Huns again invade Dacia but are once more repelled by the eastern emperor Leo I. Births Deaths February 29 - Pope Hilarius Gunabhadra Categories: 468 ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (70th in leap years). ... Events March 13 - Pope Felix III succeeds Pope Simplicius The general Illus and Verina, mother-in-law of Byzantine emperor Zeno I, attempt to overthrow Zeno and place a general named Leontius on the throne. ... Simplicius was pope from 468 to March 10, 483. ... Tivoli, the classical Tibur, is an ancient Italian town in Lazio, some 20 km from Rome, at the falls of the Aniene river, where it issues from the Sabine hills. ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... Events March 13 - Pope Felix III succeeds Pope Simplicius The general Illus and Verina, mother-in-law of Byzantine emperor Zeno I, attempt to overthrow Zeno and place a general named Leontius on the throne. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... Events Pope Gelasius I succeeds Pope Felix III Longinus, brother of the deceased Eastern Roman emperor Zeno I, revolts against Anastasius I in Isauria. ... Felix III was pope from March 13, 483 to 492. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... Events Pope Gelasius I succeeds Pope Felix III Longinus, brother of the deceased Eastern Roman emperor Zeno I, revolts against Anastasius I in Isauria. ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Battle of Tolbiac; Clovis I defeats the Alamanni accepts Catholic baptism at Reims. ... Gelasius I was Pope (492 - 496). ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Battle of Tolbiac; Clovis I defeats the Alamanni accepts Catholic baptism at Reims. ... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events November 22 - After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected pope in the Lateran Palace, while Laurentius is elected pope in Santa Maria Maggiore. ... Anastasius II (died November 16, 498) was pope from November 24, 496 to his death. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events November 22 - After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected pope in the Lateran Palace, while Laurentius is elected pope in Santa Maria Maggiore. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... Events Pope Symmachus (498-514) succeeded by Pope Hormisdas Rebellion in the Byzantine Empire, led by Vitalius Births Deaths Aelle of Sussex, king of Sussex, Bretwalda (approximate date) Categories: 514 ... Symmachus was pope from 498 to 514. ... Sardinia (Sardegna in Italian, Sardigna or Sardinna in the Sardinian language), is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (Sicily is the largest), between Italy, Spain and Tunisia, south of Corsica. ...

Began AD 500-749

Pontificate Common English Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
20 July 514 to 19 July 523 Hormisdas
Saint Hormisdas
Papa Hormisdus, Episcopus Romanus   Frosinone, Southern Latium, Italy Father of Pope Silverius
13 August 523 to 18 May 526 John I
Saint John
Papa Ioannes, Episcopus Romanus   Tuscany  
13 July 526 to 22 September 530 Felix IV
Saint Felix
Papa Felix Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Samnium Sometimes called Felix III
22 September 530 to 17 October 532 Boniface II Papa Bonifacius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome to Ostrogoth parents  
2 January 533 to 8 May 535 John II Papa Ioannes Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Mercurius Rome First pope to not use personal name. This was due to Mercury being a Roman god.
13 May 535 to 22 April 536 Agapetus I
Agapitus
Saint Agapetus
Papa Agapetus, Episcopus Romanus     Feast days 22 April, 20 September
1 June 536 to 11 November 537 Silverius
Saint Silverius
Papa Silverius, Episcopus Romanus     Exiled; feast day 20 June, son of Pope Hormisdas
29 March 537 to 7 June 555 Vigilius Papa Vigilius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
16 April 556 to 4 March 561 Pelagius Papa Pelagius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
17 July 561 to 13 July 574 John III Papa Ioannes Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Catelinus    
2 June 575 to 30 July 579 Benedict I Papa Benedictus, Episcopus Romanus      
26 November 579 to 7 February 590 Pelagius II Papa Pelagius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
3 September 590 to 12 March 604 Gregory I, O.S.B.
Saint Gregory
Gregory the Great
Papa Gregorius Magnus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome First to formally employ the titles "Servus servorum Dei" and "Pontifex Maximus"
13 September 604 to 22 February 606 Sabinian
Saint Sabinian
Papa Sabinianus, Episcopus Romanus   Blera  
19 February 607 to 12 November 607 Boniface III Papa Bonifacius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
25 August 608 to 8 May 615 Boniface IV, O.S.B.
Saint Boniface
Papa Bonifacius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Marsi First Pope to bear the same name as his predecessor
19 October 615 to 8 November 618 Adeodatus I Papa Adeodatus,
or Papa Deusdedit Episcopus Romanus
  Rome Sometimes called Deusdedit, and then Pope Adeodatus II is called Pope Adeodatus without a number
23 December 619 to 25 October 625 Boniface V Papa Bonifacius Quintus, Episcopus Romanus   Naples  
27 October 625 to 12 October 638 Honorius I Papa Honorius, Episcopus Romanus      
October 638 to 2 August 640 Severinus Papa Severinus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
24 December 640 to 12 October 642 John IV Papa Ioannes Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Zadar, Dalmatia, now Croatia  
24 November 642 to 14 May 649 Theodore I Papa Theodorus, Episcopus Romanus   Palestine  
July 649 to 16 September 655 Martin I
Saint Martin
Papa Martinus, Episcopus Romanus     Feast Day 12 November
10 August 654 to 2 June 657 Eugene I
Saint Eugene
Papa Eugenius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
30 July 657 to 27 January 672 Vitalian
Saint Vitalian
Papa Vitalianus, Episcopus Romanus      
11 April 672 to 17 June 676 Adeodatus II, O.S.B. Papa Adeodatus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus     Sometimes called Pope Adeodatus (without a number) when Pope Adeodatus I is called Pope Deusdedit
2 November 676 to 11 April 678 Donus Papa Donus, Episcopus Romanus      
27 June 678 to 10 January 681 Agatho
Saint Agatho
Papa Agatho, Episcopus Romanus   Sicily  
December 681 to 3 July 683 Leo II
Saint Leo
Papa Leo Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Sicily Feast day 3 July
683/26 June 684 to 8 May 685 Benedict II
Saint Benedict
Papa Benedictus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus     Feast day 7 May
12 July 685 to 2 August 686 John V Papa Ioannes Quintus, Episcopus Romanus   Syria  
21 October 686 to 22 September 687 Conon Papa Conon, Episcopus Romanus      
15 December 687 to 8 September 701 Sergius I
Saint Sergius
Papa Sergius, Episcopus Romanus   Sicily  
30 October 701 to 11 January 705 John VI Papa Ioannes Sextus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece  
1 March 705 to 18 October 707 John VII Papa Ioannes Septumus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece Second Pope to bear the same name as his predecessor
15 January 708 to 4 February 708 Sisinnius Papa Sisinnius, Episcopus Romanus   Syria  
25 March 708 to 9 April 715 Constantine Papa Constantinus, Episcopus Romanus   Syria  
19 May 715 to 11 February 731 Gregory II
Saint Gregory
Papa Gregorius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus     Feast day 11 February
18 March 731 to 28 November 741 Gregory III Papa Gregorius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Syria Third Pope to bear the same name as his predecessor
3 December 741 to 14 March/22 March 752 Zachary
Saint Zachary
Papa Zacharias, Episcopus Romanus   Greece Feast day 15 March

July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... Events Pope Symmachus (498-514) succeeded by Pope Hormisdas Rebellion in the Byzantine Empire, led by Vitalius Births Deaths Aelle of Sussex, king of Sussex, Bretwalda (approximate date) Categories: 514 ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... { ... Pope Hormisdas was Pope from July 20, 514 to 523. ... Frosinone is the capital of Frosinone Province in Italy. ... August 13 is the 225th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (226th in leap years), with 140 days remaining. ... { ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... Events May 20 - Syria and Antioch. ... John I was Pope from 523 to 526. ... A flowered corn field in Tuscany. ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... Events May 20 - Syria and Antioch. ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... Events September 22 - Pope Boniface II is elected to succeed Pope Felix IV December 15 - Justinian selects a second commission to excerpt and codify the writings of the jurists on Roman Law. ... Felix IV was Pope from 526 to 530. ... Samnite warriors Samnium (Oscan Safinim) was a region of the southern Apennines in Italy that was home to the Samnites, a group of Sabellic tribes that controlled the area from about 600 BC to about 290 BC. Samnium was delimited by Latium in the north, by Lucania in the south... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... Events September 22 - Pope Boniface II is elected to succeed Pope Felix IV December 15 - Justinian selects a second commission to excerpt and codify the writings of the jurists on Roman Law. ... October 17 is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events First year in which Anno Domini calendar is actually used for numbering (in Dionysius Exiguuss treatise) January 11 - Nika riots in Constantinople; the cathedral is destroyed. ... Boniface II was Pope from 530 to 532. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 8th century BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (496. ... Map of Ostrogothic Kingdom The Ostrogoths (Greuthung, Gleaming Goths or Eastern Goths), in distinction from the Visigoths (Noble Goths or Western Goths), were a Germanic tribe that influenced political events of the late Roman Empire. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 1 - John becomes Pope, succeeding Pope Boniface II, who had died in 532. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... Events Beginning of the Western Wei Dynasty in China. ... John II born Mercurius was pope from 533 to 535. ... This article treats Mercury in cult practice and in archaic Rome. ... May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (134th in leap years). ... Events Beginning of the Western Wei Dynasty in China. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... Events June 8 - St. ... Agapetus I, or Agapitus I, pope (535 - 536), was the son of Gordian, a priest who had been slain during the riots in the days of Pope Symmachus. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... Events June 8 - St. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Events Pope Silverius deposed by Belisarius at the order of Justinian, who appoints as his successor Pope Vigilius. ... Silverius, Pope (536 - 537), was a legitimate son of Pope Hormisdas, born before his father entered the priesthood. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... Pope Hormisdas was Pope from July 20, 514 to 523. ... March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (89th in Leap years). ... Events Pope Silverius deposed by Belisarius at the order of Justinian, who appoints as his successor Pope Vigilius. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... For other uses, see number 555. ... Vigilius was Pope from 537 to 555. ... April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (107th in leap years). ... Events End of the Western Wei Dynasty in China. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... Events Clotaire I dies, and the Frankish kingdom is divided; Sigebert I becomes king of Austrasia, Chilperic I becomes king of Neustria, Charibert becomes king of Paris, and Guntram becomes king of Burgundy. ... Pelagius I, Pope (556 - 561 March 3), came from a Roman noble family. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... Events Clotaire I dies, and the Frankish kingdom is divided; Sigebert I becomes king of Austrasia, Chilperic I becomes king of Neustria, Charibert becomes king of Paris, and Guntram becomes king of Burgundy. ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... Events Emperor Justin II retires, choosing Tiberius II Constantine as his heir. ... John III was pope from 561 to 574. ... June 2 is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... Events June 2 - Benedict succeeds John III as Pope The Kingdom of East Anglia founded by the Angle groups North Folk and South Folk, naming the places of Norfolk and Suffolk, respectively. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... Events End of the Northern Qi Dynasty in China. ... Benedict I (died July 30, 579) was pope from June 2, 575 to his death. ... November 26 is the 330th day (331st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events End of the Northern Qi Dynasty in China. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events September 3 - St. ... Pelagius II was pope from 579 to 590. ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events September 3 - St. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in leap years). ... Events April 13 - Sabinianus becomes Pope, succeeding Gregory I. September 13 - Pope Sabinianus is consecrated. ... Saint Gregory redirects here. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... Servus Servorum Dei is a Latin phrase meaning Servant of the Servants of God. ... Alternate meanings: see Pontifex (disambiguation) In Ancient Rome, the Pontifex Maximus was the high priest of the collegium of the Pontifices, the most august position in Roman religion, open only to a patrician, until 254 BC, when a plebeian first occupied this post. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... Events April 13 - Sabinianus becomes Pope, succeeding Gregory I. September 13 - Pope Sabinianus is consecrated. ... February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Shashanka is the first recorded independent king of Bengal (approximate date). ... Sabinian (died February 22, 606) was pope from 604 to 606. ... Bieda is a small town in Italy near Rome. ... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... To suck the phallus or penis of another. ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... To suck the phallus or penis of another. ... Boniface III was Pope from February 19 to November 12, 607. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... Events September 15 - Boniface IV becomes pope. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... Events The Edict of Paris grants extensive rights to the Frankish nobility. ... Boniface IV (ca. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... The Marsi were an ancient people of Italy, whose chief centre was Marruvium, on the eastern shore of Lake Fucinus. ... October 19 is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The Edict of Paris grants extensive rights to the Frankish nobility. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... Events End of the Sui Dynasty and beginning of the Tang Dynasty in China. ... St. ... Adeodatus (also known as Adeodatus II) reigned as pope from 672 to 676. ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (358th in leap years). ... The Avars attack Constantinople. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events October 27 - Pope Boniface V succeeded by Pope Honorius I. Births Adamnan, abbot of Iona Empress Wu Zetian of China Deaths Pope Boniface V Category: 625 ... Boniface V (died October 25, 625) was pope from 619 to 625. ... Country Italy Region Campania Province Naples (NA) Mayor Rosa Russo Jervolino Elevation 17 m Area 117 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 1,000,470  - Density 8,457/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Napoletani Dialing code 081 Postal code 80100 Patron Saint Januarius  - Day September... October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... Events October 27 - Pope Boniface V succeeded by Pope Honorius I. Births Adamnan, abbot of Iona Empress Wu Zetian of China Deaths Pope Boniface V Category: 625 ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... Events Islamic calendar introduced The Muslims capture Antioch, Caesarea Palaestina and Akko Births Deaths October 12 - Pope Honorius I Categories: 638 ... Honorius I (died October 12, 638) was pope from 625 to 638. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... Events May 28 - Severinus becomes pope, but dies the same year. ... Severinus was pope in the year 640. ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... Events May 28 - Severinus becomes pope, but dies the same year. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... Events August 5 - In the Battle of Maserfield, Penda king of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald, king of Bernicia. ... John IV was a native of Dalmatia, and the son of the scholasticus (advocate) Venantius. ... There are other articles with similar names; see Zadar (disambiguation). ... Map of Croatia with Dalmatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija Serbian: Далмација) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events August 5 - In the Battle of Maserfield, Penda king of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald, king of Bernicia. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... Events July 5 - Martin I becomes pope Arabs conquer Cyprus Reccaswinth succeeds his father Chindaswinth as king of the Visigoths. ... Theodore I (d. ... Map of the British Mandate of Palestine. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... Events November 15 - Northumbrian king Oswiu defeats the pagan Mercian king Penda in the Battle of Winwaed Empress Saimei ascends to the throne of Japan. ... Martin I, born near Todi, Umbria in the place now named after him Pian S. Martino, was pope from 649 to 655, succeeding Theodore I in June or July 649. ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events King Reccaswinth issues Visigothic law code. ... June 2 is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... Events June 2 - Pope Eugene I dies and is subsequently canonized. ... Eugene I, pope (655-657), was a native of Rome. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... Events June 2 - Pope Eugene I dies and is subsequently canonized. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April 11 - Adeodatus succeeds Vitalian as Pope. ... Vitalianus (died January 27, 672) was Pope from 657 - 672. ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... Events April 11 - Adeodatus succeeds Vitalian as Pope. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... Events November 2 - Donus becomes Pope. ... Adeodatus (also known as Adeodatus II) reigned as pope from 672 to 676. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... St. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... Events November 2 - Donus becomes Pope. ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... Events Pope Agatho succeeds Pope Donus. ... Pope Donus Donus (died April 11, 678) was pope from November 2, 676 to his death. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... Events Pope Agatho succeeds Pope Donus. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events August 9 - The Bulgars win the war with the Byzantine Empire; the latter signs a peace treaty, which is considered as the birth-date of Bulgaria Wilfrid of York is expelled from Northumbria by Ecgfrith and retires into Sussex Births Deaths January 10 - Pope Agatho Ebroin, Mayor of the... Agatho (born 577?, died 10 January 681) was pope from 678 to 681. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian, Σικελία in Greek) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 km² and 5 million inhabitants. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... Events Umayyad caliph Yazid I (680 - 683) succeeded by Muawiya II ibn Yazid (683 - 684) End of the reign of Pacal the Great, ruler of Maya state of Palenque Births Emperor Mommu of Japan Bilge Khan, emperor of the Gokturks I Sin, Chinese astronomer Deaths Pope Leo II Tang Gao... Leo II, pope from August 682 to July 683, was a Sicilian by birth, and succeeded Agatho. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... Events Umayyad caliph Yazid I (680 - 683) succeeded by Muawiya II ibn Yazid (683 - 684) End of the reign of Pacal the Great, ruler of Maya state of Palenque Births Emperor Mommu of Japan Bilge Khan, emperor of the Gokturks I Sin, Chinese astronomer Deaths Pope Leo II Tang Gao... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... Events Wu Ze Tian took power in China. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... Events Umayyad caliph Marwan I (684-685) succeeded by Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (685-705) Justinian II succeeds Constantine IV as emperor of the Byzantine Empire Sussex attacks Kent, supporting Eadrics claim to the throne held by Hlothhere Pope Benedict II succeeded by Pope John V Cuthbert consecrated... Pope Benedict II was pope from 684 to 685. ... May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ... July 12 is the 193rd day (194th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 172 days remaining. ... Events Umayyad caliph Marwan I (684-685) succeeded by Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (685-705) Justinian II succeeds Constantine IV as emperor of the Byzantine Empire Sussex attacks Kent, supporting Eadrics claim to the throne held by Hlothhere Pope Benedict II succeeded by Pope John V Cuthbert consecrated... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... Events October 21 - Conon becomes Pope, succeeding Pope John V. Empress Jito ascends to the throne of Japan Kingdom of Kent attacked and conquered by West Saxons under Caedwalla Births August 23 - Charles Martel, winner of the Battle of Tours Deaths Emperor Temmu of Japan Korean Buddhist monk Weonhyo See... John V, pope from 685 to August 2, 686, was a Syrian by birth, and on account of his knowledge of Greek had in 680 been named papal legate to the Sixth Ecumenical Council at Constantinople. ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... Events October 21 - Conon becomes Pope, succeeding Pope John V. Empress Jito ascends to the throne of Japan Kingdom of Kent attacked and conquered by West Saxons under Caedwalla Births August 23 - Charles Martel, winner of the Battle of Tours Deaths Emperor Temmu of Japan Korean Buddhist monk Weonhyo See... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... Events: December 15 - Sergius succeeds Conon as Pope King Theuderic III of Neustria is defeated by Pepin of Herstal, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia. ... Conon (unknown - September 21, 687) was Pope from October 21, 686 until his death on September 21, 687, in Rome. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events: December 15 - Sergius succeeds Conon as Pope King Theuderic III of Neustria is defeated by Pepin of Herstal, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... Events September 30 - John VI succeeds Sergius I as Pope. ... Sergius I (d. ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... Events September 30 - John VI succeeds Sergius I as Pope. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Alternate meaning: Area code 705 Events End of the short-lived Zhou Dynasty in China Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik succeeded by al-Walid I ibn Abd al-Malik. ... John VI, pope from 701 to 705, was a native of Greece, and succeeded to the papal chair two months after the death of Sergius I. He assisted the exarch Theophylact, who had been sent to Italy by the emperor Justinian II, and prevented him from using violence against the... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... Alternate meaning: Area code 705 Events End of the short-lived Zhou Dynasty in China Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik succeeded by al-Walid I ibn Abd al-Malik. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years). ... 707 A south Australian counter-strike team consisting of fbz, bl1zz, carnage, ic3solo and Jonevo. ... John VII, pope from 705 to 707, successor of John VI, was also of Greek nationality. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The Japanese court moved from Heian to Nara. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events The Japanese court moved from Heian to Nara. ... Sisinnius (died February 4, 708) was Pope for about three weeks in 708. ... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... Events The Japanese court moved from Heian to Nara. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... Events August 11 - Germanus is translated from the bishopric of Cyzicus to the Patriarch of Constantinople Umayyad caliph al-Walid I ibn Abd al-Malik succeeded by Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik End of the reign of Empress Gemmei of Japan, she is succeeded by Empress Gensho. ... Constantinus (d. ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... Events August 11 - Germanus is translated from the bishopric of Cyzicus to the Patriarch of Constantinople Umayyad caliph al-Walid I ibn Abd al-Malik succeeded by Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik End of the reign of Empress Gemmei of Japan, she is succeeded by Empress Gensho. ... February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Bede completes his Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum February 11 - Pope Gregory III succeeds Gregory II Deaths February 11 - Pope Gregory II See also Unit 731 Categories: 731 ... Saint Gregory II, pope from 715 or 716 to February 11, 731, succeeded Pope Constantine, his election being variously dated May 19, 715, and March 21, 716. ... February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... Events Bede completes his Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum February 11 - Pope Gregory III succeeds Gregory II Deaths February 11 - Pope Gregory II See also Unit 731 Categories: 731 ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events June 18 - Constantine V succeeds Leo III as emperor of the Byzantine Empire. ... Saint Gregory III, pope (731-741), a Syrian by birth, succeeded Gregory II in March 731. ... December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events June 18 - Constantine V succeeds Leo III as emperor of the Byzantine Empire. ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in leap years). ... Events Pope Stephen II, pope for 3 days in March. ... Saint Zacharias (or Zachary), pope (741-752), from a Greek family of Calabria, appears to have been on intimate terms with Gregory III, whom he succeeded (November 741). ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ...

Began AD 750-999

Pontificate Common English Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
23 March 752 to 25 March 752 (Stephen) Stephanus     Sometimes known as Stephen II. Died three days after his election, prior to his consecration as bishop. Added in the 16th Century to the Vatican's list of popes, but deleted again in 1961.
26 March 752 to 26 April 757 Stephen II Papa Stephanus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus     Sometimes called Stephen III
29 May 757 to 28 June 767 Paul I
Saint Paul
Papa Paulus, Episcopus Romanus      
1 August 767 to 24 January 772 Stephen III Papa Stephanus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus     Sometimes called Stephen IV
1 February 772 to 26 December 795 Adrian I Papa Hadrianus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
26 December 795 to 12 June 816 Leo III Papa Leo Tertius, Episcopus Romanus      
12 June 816 to 24 January 817 Stephen IV Papa Stephanus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus     Sometimes called Stephen V
25 January 817 to 11 February 824 Paschal I
Saint Paschal
Papa Paschalis, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
8 May 824 to August 827 Eugene II Papa Eugenius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
August 827 to September 827 Valentine Papa Valentinus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
827 to January 844 Gregory IV Papa Gregorius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus      
January 844 to 7 January 847 Sergius II Papa Sergius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
January 847 to 17 July 855 San Leo IV, O.S.B. Papa Leo Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
855 to 7 April 858 Benedict III Papa Benedictus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus      
24 April 858 to 13 November 867 Nicholas I
Saint Nicholas
Nicholas the Great
Papa Nicolaus Magnus Episcopus Romanus      
14 December 867 to 14 December 872 Adrian II Papa Hadrianus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
14 December 872 to 16 December 882 John VIII Papa Ioannes Octavus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
16 December 882 to 15 May 884 Marinus I Papa Marinus, Episcopus Romanus      
17 May 884 to c.September 885 Adrian III
Saint Adrian
Papa Hadrianus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
885 to 14 September 891 Stephen V Papa Stephanus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus     Sometimes called Stephen VI
19 September 891 to 4 April 896 Formosus Papa Formosus, Episcopus Romanus   Ostia Posthumously executed following the Cadaver Synod
4 April 896 to 19 April 896 Boniface VI Papa Bonifacius Sextus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
22 May 896 to August 897 Stephen VI Papa Stephanus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus     Sometimes called Stephen VII
August 897 to November 897 Romanus Papa Romanus, Episcopus Romanus      
December 897 Theodore II Papa Theodorus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus      
January 898 to January 900 John IX, O.S.B. Papa Ioannes Nonus, Episcopus Romanus      
900 to 903 Benedict IV Papa Benedictus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
July 903 to September 903 Leo V Papa Leo Quintus, Episcopus Romanus   Ardea  
29 January 904 to 14 April 911 Sergius III Papa Sergius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome "Pornocracy" begins
April 911 to June 913 Anastasius III Papa Anastasius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
July/August 913 to February/March 914 Lando Papa Lando, Episcopus Romanus   Sabina, Italy  
March 914 to May 928 John X Papa Ioannes Decimus, Episcopus Romanus      
May 928 to December 928 Leo VI Papa Leo Sextus, Episcopus Romanus      
December 928 to February 931 Stephen VII Papa Stephanus Septimus, Episcopus Romanus     Sometimes called Stephen VIII
February/March 931 to December 935 John XI Papa Ioannes Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus      
3 January 936 to 13 July 939 Leo VII, O.S.B. Papa Leo Septimus, Episcopus Romanus      
14 July 939 to October 942 Stephen VIII Papa Stephanus Octavus, Episcopus Romanus     Sometimes called Stephen IX
30 October 942 to May 946 Marinus II Papa Marinus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus      
10 May 946 to December 955 Agapetus II Papa Agapetus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus      
16 December 955 to 14 May 964 John XII Papa Ioannes Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Octavian   Deposed in 963 by Emperor Otto invalidly; end of the "Pornocracy"
22 May 964 to 23 June 964 Benedict V Papa Benedictus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus     Elected after John XII's death by the people of Rome, in opposition to the Antipope Leo VIII who was appointed by Emperor Otto; Benedict accepted his deposition in 964 leaving Leo as sole pope.
July 964 to 1 March 965 Leo VIII Papa Leo Octavus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome Appointed antipope by Emperor Otto in 963 in opposition to John XII and Benedict V. He became the true Pope after Benedict V was deposed
1 October 965 to 6 September 972 John XIII Papa Ioannes Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus      
19 January 973 to June 974 Benedict VI Papa Benedictus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus     Deposed and murdered
October 974 to 10 July 983 Benedictus VII Papa Benedictus Septimus, Episcopus Romanus      
December 983 to 20 August 984 John XIV Papa Ioannes Quartus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Campanora Pavia  
August 985 to March 996 John XV Papa Ioannes Quintus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
3 May 996 to 18 February 999 Gregory V Papa Gregorius Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Bruno of Carinthia   First German Pope
2 April 999 to 12 May 1003 Silvester II Papa Silvester Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Gerbert d'Aurillac Auvergne region of France First French Pope

March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in Leap years). ... Events Pope Stephen II, pope for 3 days in March. ... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... Events Pope Stephen II, pope for 3 days in March. ... Stephen, a priest of Rome elected pope in March of 752 to succeed Pope Zachary, died of apoplexy three days later, before being ordained a bishop. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (86th in leap years). ... Events Pope Stephen II, pope for 3 days in March. ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... Events March 9 - A major earthquake strikes Palestine and Syria Offa becomes king of Mercia. ... Stephen, elected pope in March of 752 to succeed Pope Zacharias, died of apoplexy three days later, before being consecrated. ... May 29 is the 149th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (150th in leap years). ... Events March 9 - A major earthquake strikes Palestine and Syria Offa becomes king of Mercia. ... June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... For the aircraft, see Boeing 767. ... Paul I was Pope from May 29, 757- June 28, 767. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... For the aircraft, see Boeing 767. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Pope Adrian I succeeds Pope Stephen IV. Adrian I turns to Charlemagne for support against king Desiderius of the Lombards. ... Stephen III (d. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Pope Adrian I succeeds Pope Stephen IV. Adrian I turns to Charlemagne for support against king Desiderius of the Lombards. ... December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... Events Leo III becomes pope Earliest recorded Viking raid on Ireland. ... Adrian, or Hadrian I, (died December 25, 795) was pope from 772 to 795. ... December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... Events Leo III becomes pope Earliest recorded Viking raid on Ireland. ... June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ... Events Frankish king Louis the Pious crowned emperor. ... Leo III (died June 12, 816) was Pope from 795 to 816. ... June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ... Events Frankish king Louis the Pious crowned emperor. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Louis the Pious divides his empire among his sons. ... Stephen IV, (720 – January 24, 772), pope August 1, 768 – January 24, 772, was a native of Sicily. ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Louis the Pious divides his empire among his sons. ... February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Iñigo Arista revolts against the Franks and establishes the kingdom of Navarre (approximate date). ... Saint Paschal I was pope from 817 to February 11, 824. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... Events Iñigo Arista revolts against the Franks and establishes the kingdom of Navarre (approximate date). ... Eugene II, (or Eugenius), pope (824-827) was a native of Rome and was chosen to succeed Paschal I. Another candidate, Zinzinnus, was proposed by the plebeian faction, and the presence of Lothar, son of the Frankish emperor Louis the Pious was necessary in order to maintain the authority of... Valentinus, or Valentine, pope for thirty or forty days in 827, was a Roman by birth, and, according to the Liber Pontificalis, was first made a deacon by Paschal I (817-824). ... Gregory IV, pope (827-844), was chosen to succeed Valentinus in December 827, on which occasion he recognized the supremacy of the Frankish emperor Louis the Pious in the most unequivocal manner. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Succession of Pope Leo IV, (847 - 855) Births Alfred the Great (d. ... Sergius II, was Pope from 844-847. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... Events Louis II succeeds Lothar as western emperor. ... Leo IV, pope from 847 to 855, was a Roman by birth, and was unanimously chosen to succeed Sergius II. His pontificate was chiefly distinguished by his efforts to repair the damage done by the Saracens during the reign of his predecessor to various churches of the city, especially those... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Events Patriarch Ignatius is imprisoned and (December 25) deposed to be succeeded by patriarch Photius I. Louis the German invades West Francia, hoping to secure Aquitaine from his brother Charles the Bald, but fails. ... Benedict III was Pope from 855 to 7 April 858. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... Events Patriarch Ignatius is imprisoned and (December 25) deposed to be succeeded by patriarch Photius I. Louis the German invades West Francia, hoping to secure Aquitaine from his brother Charles the Bald, but fails. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... Events September - Basil I becomes sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire. ... Nicholas I,(Rome c. ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events September - Basil I becomes sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire. ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Battle of Hafrsfjord in Norway, Harald Finehair first king of Norway. ... Adrian II (also known as Hadrian II), (792–872), pope from 867 to 872, was a member of a noble Roman family, and became pope in 867, at an advanced age. ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Battle of Hafrsfjord in Norway, Harald Finehair first king of Norway. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Carloman, King of the West Franks becomes sole king upon the death of his brother. ... John VIII was pope from 872 to 882. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Carloman, King of the West Franks becomes sole king upon the death of his brother. ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... Events May 15 - Pope Marinus I dies. ... Marinus I (or Martin II), Pope between December 16, 882- May 15, 884. ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... Events May 15 - Pope Marinus I dies. ... Adrian III (also known as Hadrian III) was Pope from May 17, 884 to September, 885. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... Events October 6 - Election of Pope Formosus Arnulf of Carinthia defeats the Normans at the Battle of Leuven Births Abd ar-Rahman III, emir and first caliph of Córdoba. ... Stephen V, Pope from June 816-January 817, succeeded Leo III, whose policy he continued. ... September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... Events October 6 - Election of Pope Formosus Arnulf of Carinthia defeats the Normans at the Battle of Leuven Births Abd ar-Rahman III, emir and first caliph of Córdoba. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... Events The Bulgarians, under Simeon I, defeat the Byzantine Empire at Bulgarophygon. ... Jean-Paul Laurens, Le Pape Formose et Etienne VII (1870). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Posthumous execution is the ritual execution of an already dead body. ... Jean-Paul Laurens, Le Pape Formose et Étienne VII (Pope Formosus and Stephen VII), 1870. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... Events The Bulgarians, under Simeon I, defeat the Byzantine Empire at Bulgarophygon. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... Events The Bulgarians, under Simeon I, defeat the Byzantine Empire at Bulgarophygon. ... Boniface VI, pope, a native of Rome, was elected in April 896 as a result of riots soon after the death of Pope Formosus. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... Events The Bulgarians, under Simeon I, defeat the Byzantine Empire at Bulgarophygon. ... Stephen VI, pope (885-891), succeeded Pope Adrian III, and was in turn succeeded by Pope Formosus. ... Romanus, was Pope from August 897 to November 897. ... Theodore II was the son of Photius. ... John IX, Pope from 898 to 900, not only confirmed the judgment of his predecessor Pope Theodore II (897) in granting Christian burial to Pope Formosus (891–896), but at a council held at Ravenna decreed that the records of the synod which had condemned him should be burned. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... Benedict IV was pope from ca. ... Leo V, a native of Ardea, was Pope for some thirty days in 903 after the death of Pope Benedict IV (900–903). ... Heron (disambiguation) Genera Ardea Zebrilus Philherodias Tigrisoma Ardeola Bubulcus Egretta Agamia Butorides Tigriornis Tigrisoma Gorsachius Syrigma Zonerodius Nycticorax see also: Bittern Herons are medium to large long-legged, long-necked wading birds of the family Ardeidae, which also includes the egrets and bitterns. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Accession of Sergius III Destruction of Changan, the capital of Tang Dynasty and the largest city in the ancient world. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... Events Autumn - Charles the Simple argees to the Treaty of St. ... Pope Sergius III, scion of Benedictus, of a noble Roman family, reigned in two intervals between 897 and April 14, 911, during a period of feudal violence and disorder in central Italy, where the Papacy was a pawn of warring aristocratic factions. ... The Rule of the Harlots, or The Pornocracy are names given to a period of the papacy in the early tenth century, beginning with the installation of Pope Sergius III in 904. ... Anastasius III, pope from September 911 to November 913, was a Roman by birth. ... Pope Lando was elected pope in either July or August of 913, and was therefore Bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church. ... Sabina, the region in the Sabine Hills of Latium named for the Sabines, is the ancient territory that is today identified with the Province of Rieti, in Lazio (Roman Latium). ... John X, Pope from 914 to 928, was deacon at Bologna when he attracted the attention of Theodora, the wife of Theophylact, Count of Tusculum, the most powerful noble in Rome, through whose influence he was elevated first to the see of Bologna and then to the archbishopric of Ravenna. ... The Roman Leo VI succeeded John X as pope in 928, and reigned seven months and a few days -- the exact dates are not known. ... Stephen VII, was Pope from May 896 to July or August 897. ... John XI (910?–936) was a pope from 931 to 936. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events King Taejo of Goryeo (Wanggeon) defeats Hubaekje. ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... Events Vietnam became a tributary kingdom to China. ... Leo VII (died July 13, 939), Pope from January 3, 936 until his death in 939, was preceded by Pope John XI (931–935), and followed by Pope Stephen VIII (939–942). ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... Events Vietnam became a tributary kingdom to China. ... Stephen VII (VIII), pope (December, 928-931). ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... Events Kaminarimon, the eight-pillared gate to Japans Kinryuzan Sensouji Temple is erected. ... Marinus II (Martin III), born in Rome, was Pope from 942 to 946. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... Events Eadred I succeeds his brother as king of England End of the reign of Emperor Suzaku of Japan Emperor Murakami ascends the throne of Japan Births Deaths May 26 - King Edmund I of England Abu-Bakr Muhammad ben Yahya as-Suli Categories: 946 ... Agapetus II (died November 8, 955) was Pope from May 10, 946 until his death in 955, at the time when Alberic, son of Marozia, was governing the independent republic of Rome under the title of prince and senator of the Romans. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events August 10 - Otto I the Great defeats Magyars in the Battle of Lechfeld Edwy becomes King of England. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... Events Nicephorus II begins campaign to recapture Cilicia. ... John XII (born in Rome circa 937, died May 14, 964), was Pope from 955 to 963, was the son of Alberic II, whom he succeeded as patrician of Rome in 954, being then only eighteen years of age. ... Events Holy Roman Emperor Otto I defeats Mieszko I of Poland, compels him to pay tribute Luxembourg is founded, and the Belgium area becomes part of the United Provinces of the Netherlands. ... The Rule of the Harlots, or The Pornocracy are names given to a period of the papacy in the early tenth century, beginning with the installation of Pope Sergius III in 904. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... Events Nicephorus II begins campaign to recapture Cilicia. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... Events Nicephorus II begins campaign to recapture Cilicia. ... Benedict V (born in Rome; died July 4, 965), Pope (22 May 964 - 23 June 964), was elected by the Romans on the death of John XII. However the Roman emperor Otto I did not approve of the choice and had him deposed after only a month, and the ex... John XII (born in Rome circa 937, died May 14, 964), was Pope from 955 to 963, was the son of Alberic II, whom he succeeded as patrician of Rome in 954, being then only eighteen years of age. ... Leo VIII (died 965), Pope from 963 to 964, a Roman by birth, held the lay office of protoserinus when he was elected to the papal chair at the instance of Otto the Great, by the Roman synod which deposed John XII in December 963. ... Events Nicephorus II begins campaign to recapture Cilicia. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... Events March 1 - Pope Benedict V is put in place of Pope Leo VIII by the people October 1 - John XIII becomes Pope The Khazar fortress of Sarkel falls to the Kievan Rus Births Sweyn I of Denmark Deaths February 22 - Odo, Duke of Burgundy July 4 - Pope Benedict V... Leo VIII (died 965), Pope from 963 to 964, a Roman by birth, held the lay office of protoserinus when he was elected to the papal chair at the instance of Otto the Great, by the Roman synod which deposed John XII in December 963. ... Events Holy Roman Emperor Otto I defeats Mieszko I of Poland, compels him to pay tribute Luxembourg is founded, and the Belgium area becomes part of the United Provinces of the Netherlands. ... John XII (born in Rome circa 937, died May 14, 964), was Pope from 955 to 963, was the son of Alberic II, whom he succeeded as patrician of Rome in 954, being then only eighteen years of age. ... Benedict V (born in Rome; died July 4, 965), Pope (22 May 964 - 23 June 964), was elected by the Romans on the death of John XII. However the Roman emperor Otto I did not approve of the choice and had him deposed after only a month, and the ex... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events March 1 - Pope Benedict V is put in place of Pope Leo VIII by the people October 1 - John XIII becomes Pope The Khazar fortress of Sarkel falls to the Kievan Rus Births Sweyn I of Denmark Deaths February 22 - Odo, Duke of Burgundy July 4 - Pope Benedict V... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... Events Otto II marries Theophanu, Byzantine princess. ... John XIII of Crescenzi family (born in Rome; died September 6, 972) served as Pope from October 1, 965 until his death. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Edgar of England is crowned king by Saint Dunstan Births September 15 - Al_Biruni, mathematician († 1048) Abu al-Ala al-Maarri, poet Deaths May 7 - Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor Categories: 973 ... Benedict VI, Pope (born in Rome, 972 - 974), was chosen with great ceremony and installed as pope under the protection of the Emperor Otto the Great. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... Events Hugh Capet, a distant relative of the last Carolingian king of the Franks, is crowned King of France, beginning the Capetian dynasty and, arguably, modern French history. ... Benedict VII (born in Rome, the son of David, and previously Bishop of Sutri; died 983) belonged to the noble family of the counts of Tusculum. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Enyu of Japan Emperor Kazan ascends to the throne of Japan Births Deaths Categories: 984 ... John XIV (died August 20, 984), Pope from 983 to 984, successor to Benedict VII, was born at Pavia, and before his elevation to the papal chair was imperial chancellor of Otto II, and was the latters second choice. ... Church San Michele in Pavia The Old Bridge (Ponte Vecchio) on the Ticino river is a symbol of Pavia Pavìa (the ancient Ticinum) (population 71,000) is a town and comune of south-western Lombardy, northern Italy, 35 km south of Milan on the lower Ticino river near its... John XV, pope from 984 to 996, generally recognized as the successor of Boniface VII, the pope John who was said to have ruled for four months after John XIV, being now omitted by the best authorities. ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... Events March/April - Pope John XV dies before being being able to coronate Otto III, King of Germany as Holy Roman Emperor. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Silesia is incorporated into territory ruled by Boleslaus I of Poland Pope Silvester II succeeds Pope Gregory V Sigmundur Brestisson introduces christianity in the Faroe Islands Deaths December 16 - Saint Adelaide of Italy (b. ... Gregory V, né Bruno ( 972 – February 18, 999), Pope from May 3, 996 to February 18, 999, son of the Salian Otto I, Duke of Carinthia, who was a grandson of the Emperor Otto I the Great (936–973). ... Coat of arms of the Dukes of Carinthia, today state coat The Duchy of Carinthia (German language: Kärnten, Slovenian: KoroÅ¡ka) was a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, and a crownland of Austria-Hungary until it dissolved in 1918. ... April 2 is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 273 days remaining. ... Events Silesia is incorporated into territory ruled by Boleslaus I of Poland Pope Silvester II succeeds Pope Gregory V Sigmundur Brestisson introduces christianity in the Faroe Islands Deaths December 16 - Saint Adelaide of Italy (b. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... Events Sweyn I of Denmark begins his first invasion of England. ... Gerbert of Aurillac, later known as pope Silvester II, (or Sylvester II), (ca. ... Auvergne coat of arms Auvergne (Occitan: Auvèrnha) was the name of an historically independent county in the center of France, as well as later a province of France. ...

Began AD 1000-1249

Pontificate Common English Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
June 1003 to December 1003 John XVII Papa Ioannes Septimus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Siccone Rome  
25 December 1003 to July 1009 John XVIII Papa Ioannes Duodevicesimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Fasano; Phasianus Rome  
31 July 1009 to 12 May 1012 Sergius IV Papa Sergius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Boccapecora    
18 May 1012 to 9 April 1024 Benedict VIII Papa Benedictus Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Theophylactus II, Conti di Tusculum    
April/May 1024 to 20 October 1032 John XIX Papa Ioannes Undevicesimus, Episcopus Romanus Romanus, Conti di Tusculum    
1032 to 1044 Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum   1st Term; abdicated for financial reward
1045 Silvester III Papa Silvester Tertius, Episcopus Romanus John, Bishop of Sabina   Validity of election questioned; considered Anti-Pope; deposed at the Council of Sutri.
1045 to 1046 Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum   2nd Term; deposed at the Council of Sutri
April/May 1045 to 20 December 1046 Gregory VI Papa Gregorius Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Johannes Gratianus   Deposed at the Council of Sutri
24 December 1046 to 9 October 1047 Clement II Papa Clemens Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Suidger Saxony  
November 1047 to 1048 Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum   3rd Term; deposed and excommunicated
17 July 1048 to 9 August 1048 Damasus II Papa Damasus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Poppo Tirol  
12 February 1049 to 19 April 1054 Leo IX
Saint Leo
Papa Leo Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Bruno, Count of Dagsbourg Alsace  
13 April 1055 to 28 July 1057 Victor II Papa Victor Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein, and Hirschberg    
2 August 1057 to 29 March 1058 Stephen IX, O.S.B. Papa Stephanus Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Frederic de Lorraine; Frederick of Lorraine   Sometimes called Stephen X
6 December 1058 to 27 July 1061 Nicholas II Papa Nicolaus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Gérard de Bourgogne; Gerard of Burgundy    
30 September 1061 to 21 April 1073 Alexander II Papa Alexander Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Anselmo da Baggio Baggio, Milan, Italy  
22 April 1073 to 25 May 1085 Gregory VII, O.S.B.
Saint Gregory
Papa Gregorius Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Hildebrand Soana, Tuscany, Italy Restricted the use of title "Papa" to the Bishop of Rome
24 May 1086 to 16 September 1087 Victor III, O.S.B.
Blessed Victor
Papa Victor Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Desiderio; Desiderius; Dauferius Southern Italy  
12 March 1088 to 29 July 1099 Urban II, O.S.B.
Blessed Urban
Papa Urbanus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Odo of Lagery France Started the First Crusade
13 August 1099 to 21 January 1118 Paschal II, O.Cist. Papa Paschalis Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Raniero Romagna, Italy  
24 January 1118 to 28 January 1119 Gelasius II, O.S.B. Papa Gelasius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Coniulo Gaeta, Latium, Italy  
2 February 1119 to 13 December 1124 Callixtus II Papa Callistus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Guido, Comte de Bourgogne France Opened the First Council of the Lateran in 1123
15 December 1124 to 13 February 1130 Honorius II Papa Honorius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Lamberto Scannabecchi Imola, Romagna, Italy  
14 February 1130 to 24 September 1143 Innocent II Papa Innocentius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Gregorio Papareschi Rome, Italy Convened the Second Council of the Lateran, 1139
26 September 1143 to 8 March 1144 Celestine II Papa Coelestinus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Guido Città di Castello, Umbria, Italy
12 March 1144 to 15 March 1145 Lucius II Papa Lucius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Gerardo Caccianemici dal Orso Bologna, Italy  
15 February 1145 to 8 July 1153 Eugene III, O.Cist.
Blessed Eugene
Papa Eugenius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Bernardo Pignatelli Pisa, Tuscany, Italy  
8 July 1153 to 3 December 1154 Anastasius IV Papa Anastasius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Corrado Rome  
4 December 1154 to 1 September 1159 Adrian IV, O.S.A. Papa Hadrianus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Nicholas Breakspear England Only English pope; granted Ireland to Henry II, King of England
7 September 1159 to 30 August 1181 Alexander III Papa Alexander Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Rolando Bandinelli Siena, Tuscany, Italy Convened the Third Council of the Lateran, 1179
1 September 1181 to 25 November 1185 Lucius III Papa Lucius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Ubaldo Allucingoli Lucca, Tuscany, Italy  
25 November 1185 to 19 October 1187 Urban III Papa Urbanus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Uberto Crivelli Milan, Italy  
21 October 1187 to 17 December 1187 Gregory VIII Papa Gregorius Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Alberto di Morra Benevento, Campania, Italy Proposed the Third Crusade
19 December 1187 to 27 March 1191 Clement III Papa Clemens Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Paulino Scolari Rome  
30 March 1191 to 8 January 1198 Celestine III Papa Coelestinus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Giacinto Bobone Rome  
8 January 1198 to 16 July 1216 Innocent III Papa Innocentius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Lothario dei Conti di Segni Gavignano, Latium, Italy Convened the Fourth Council of the Lateran, 1215
18 July 1216 to 18 March 1227 Honorius III Papa Honorius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Cencio Savelli Rome  
19 March 1227 to 22 August 1241 Gregory IX Papa Gregorius Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Ugolino dei Conti di Segni Anagni, Latium, Italy  
25 October 1241 to 10 November 1241 Celestine IV, O.S.B. Papa Coelestinus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Goffredo Castiglioni Milan, Italy  
25 June 1243 to 7 December 1254 Innocent IV Papa Innocentius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Sinibaldo Fieschi Genoa, Italy Convened the First Council of Lyons, 1245

John XVII, né Sicco (died November 6, 1003), was a native of Rome who succeeded Silvester II as pope on June 13, 1003, but died less than five months later. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining for the year. ... Events Sweyn I of Denmark begins his first invasion of England. ... John XVIII, born Fasanius (died June 1009), the son of a Roman priest named Leo, was pope from 1003 to 1009, was, during his whole pontificate, the mere creature of the current head of the Crescentii clan who controlled Rome, the patricius (an aristocratic military leader) Johannes Crescentius III. The... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ... Events February 14: First known mention of Lithuania, in the annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... Events Mael Morda starts a rebellion against Brian Boru in Ireland, which would eventually end in 1014 at the Battle of Clontarf. ... Sergius IV, né Pietro Boccapecora (born in Rome, died May 12, 1012) was pope from July 31, 1009 until his death. ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... Events Mael Morda starts a rebellion against Brian Boru in Ireland, which would eventually end in 1014 at the Battle of Clontarf. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... Benedict VIII, né Theophylactus (born in Rome, died April 9, 1024), pope (1012-1024), of the noble family of the counts of Tusculum (son of Gregory, Count of Tusculum, and Maria, and brother of John XIX), descended from Theophylact, Count of Tusculum like his predecessor Benedict VI, was opposed by... The counts of Tusculum were the most powerful secular noblemen in Latium during the tenth through twelfth centuries. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... Events February 2 - Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, becomes King of Burgundy. ... John XIX (born in Rome, died October 1032), born Romanus, was Pope from 1024 to 1032. ... The counts of Tusculum were the most powerful secular noblemen in Latium during the tenth through twelfth centuries. ... Benedict IX, né Theophylactus (Rome, c. ... The counts of Tusculum were the most powerful secular noblemen in Latium during the tenth through twelfth centuries. ... Silvester III, né John of Crescenzi – Ottaviani family (born in Rome; probably died in 1062 or 1063); was Pope in 1045. ... During certain periods of turbulence in the Roman Catholic Church, Papal elections were conducted which were not considered valid by the Roman Catholic Church, either at the time of the election itself, or were subsequently declared invalid. ... The Council of Sutri (or Synod of Sutri) was called by Pope Gregory VI at the behest of Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor and opened on December 20, 1046. ... Benedict IX, né Theophylactus (Rome, c. ... The counts of Tusculum were the most powerful secular noblemen in Latium during the tenth through twelfth centuries. ... The Council of Sutri (or Synod of Sutri) was called by Pope Gregory VI at the behest of Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor and opened on December 20, 1046. ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events First contact between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuks. ... For the antipope of the same name, see antipope Gregory VI Gregory VI, né John Gratian, date of birth unknown; elected 1 May 1045; abdicated at the Council of Sutri on 20 December 1046; died probably at Cologne, in the beginning of 1048. ... The Council of Sutri (or Synod of Sutri) was called by Pope Gregory VI at the behest of Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor and opened on December 20, 1046. ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... // Events First contact between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuks. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events William the Conqueror, with assistance from King Henry I of France, secured control of Normandy by defeating the rebel Norman barons at Caen the Battle of Val-ès-Dunes Births Deaths October 9 - Pope Clement II Categories: 1047 ... Clement II, né Suidger of Morsleben (born Hornburg, Lower Saxony, Germany, 1005 – died October 9, 1047), Pope from December 25, 1046 to October 9, 1047). ... The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) is a federal state of Germany. ... Benedict IX, né Theophylactus (Rome, c. ... The counts of Tusculum were the most powerful secular noblemen in Latium during the tenth through twelfth centuries. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... Events The city of Oslo is founded by Harald Hardråde of Norway. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... Events The city of Oslo is founded by Harald Hardråde of Norway. ... Damasus II, né Poppo (died August 9, 1048), Pope from July 17, 1048 to August 9, 1048, was the second of the German pontiffs nominated by Emperor Henry III (1039–56). ... Tyrol (Tirol in German) is a federal state or Bundesland, located in the west of Austria. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Leo IX becomes pope. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... Events Cardinal Humbertus, a representative of Pope Leo IX, and Michael Cerularius, Patriarch of Constantinople, decree each others excommunication. ... Leo IX, born Bruno of Eguisheim-Dagsburg (June 21, 1002 – April 19, 1054) was Pope from February 12, 1049 to his death. ... Location Administration Capital Strasbourg Regional President Adrien Zeller (UMP) (since 1996) Départements Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... April 13 is the 103rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (104th in leap years). ... Events January 11 - Theodora becomes Reigning Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... Events King Macbeth I of Scotland is killed in battle against Malcolm Canmore. ... Victor II (c. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... Events King Macbeth I of Scotland is killed in battle against Malcolm Canmore. ... March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (89th in Leap years). ... Events March 17 - King Lulach I of Scotland is killed in battle against his cousin and rival Malcolm Canmore, who later becomes King of Scotland as Malcolm III of Scotland. ... Pope Stephen IX, orignally Archdeacon Frederick of Leige was a native of Germany, was pope from about July 14, 939 until his death towards the end of October, 942. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 17 - King Lulach I of Scotland is killed in battle against his cousin and rival Malcolm Canmore, who later becomes King of Scotland as Malcolm III of Scotland. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... Events Normans conquer Messina in Sicily Pope Alexander II elected The building of the Speyer Cathedral in Speyer, Germany, had begun to be built. ... Nicholas II, born Gérard de Bourgogne (died July 19 or July 27, 1061), Pope from 1059 to July 1061, was at the time of his election Bishop of Florence. ... September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Normans conquer Messina in Sicily Pope Alexander II elected The building of the Speyer Cathedral in Speyer, Germany, had begun to be built. ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... Events Cardinal Hildebrand elevated to papacy as Pope Gregory VII, succeeding Pope Alexander II Emperor Shirakawa ascends the throne of Japan Rabbi Yitchaki Alfassi finishes writing the Rif, an important work of Jewish law. ... Alexander II (died April 21, 1073), born Anselmo da Baggio , Pope from 1061 to 1073, was a native of Milan. ... Country Italy Region Lombardy Province Milan (MI) Mayor Letizia Moratti Elevation 120 m Area 182 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 1,308,311  - Density 6,988/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Milanesi Dialing code 02 Postal code 20100 Patron St. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... Events Cardinal Hildebrand elevated to papacy as Pope Gregory VII, succeeding Pope Alexander II Emperor Shirakawa ascends the throne of Japan Rabbi Yitchaki Alfassi finishes writing the Rif, an important work of Jewish law. ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... Events May 25 - Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain back from the Moors. ... Pope Gregory VII (c. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... A flowered corn field in Tuscany. ... May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ... Events Domesday Book is completed in England Emperor Shirakawa of Japan starts his cloistered rule Imam Ali Mosque is rebuilt by the Seljuk Malik Shah I after being destroyed by fire. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... Events May 9 - The remains of Saint Nicholas were brought to Bari. ... The Blessed Victor III, born as Dauferius (Benevento, 1026? – September 16, 1087), Pope (May 24, 1086 until his death), was the successor of Pope Gregory VII (1073–85). ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... Southern Italy, often referred to in Italian as the Mezzogiorno (a term first used in 19th century in comparison with French Midi ) encompasses six of the countrys 20 regions: Basilicata Campania Calabria Puglia Sicilia Sardinia Sicilia although it is geographically and administratively included in Insular Italy, it has a... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in leap years). ... Events Succession of Pope Urban II (1088-1099) Work begins on the third and largest church at Cluny Rebellion of 1088 against William II of England lead by Odo of Bayeux. ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... 1099 also refers to a United States tax form used for, among other purposes, reporting payments made to independent Contractors. ... Pope Urban II (1042 – July 29, 1099), born Otho of Lagery (alternatively: Otto or Odo), was a Pope from 1088 to July 29, 1099. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... August 13 is the 225th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (226th in leap years), with 140 days remaining. ... 1099 also refers to a United States tax form used for, among other purposes, reporting payments made to independent Contractors. ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Knights Templar founded Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor Gelasius II succeeds Paschal II as pope Births November 28 - Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1180) Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1185... Paschal II, né Ranierius (born in Bleda, near Forlì, Romagna - d. ... Cistercians coat of arms The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black scapular or apron) are a Catholic order of monks. ... Emilia-Romagna is an administrative region of Northern Italy comprising the two historic regions of Emilia and Romagna. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Knights Templar founded Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor Gelasius II succeeds Paschal II as pope Births November 28 - Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1180) Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1185... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 2 - Callixtus II becomes Pope August 20 - Henry I of England routes Louis VI at the Battle of Bremule. ... Gelasius II, né Giovanni Coniulo (died January 29, 1119), Pope from January 24, 1118 to January 29, 1119, was born at Gaeta of an illustrious family. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... Gaeta (ancient Latin name Caieta) is a city in Province of Latina, in Lazio, Italy. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 2 - Callixtus II becomes Pope August 20 - Henry I of England routes Louis VI at the Battle of Bremule. ... December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 26 - Henry I of Englands forces defeat Norman rebels at Bourgtheroulde. ... Callixtus II (or Calistus II), born Guido of Vienne (died December 13, 1124), the son of William I, Count of Burgundy (1057–87), was elected Pope on February 2, 1119, after the death of Pope Gelasius II (1118–19). ... This is a list of the counts of Burgundy from 867 to 1678. ... This article incorporates text from the public domain Catholic Encyclopedia The Council of 1123 is reckoned in the series of Ecumenical councils. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 26 - Henry I of Englands forces defeat Norman rebels at Bourgtheroulde. ... February 13 is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 13 - Innocent II is elected pope An antipope schism occurs when Roger II of Sicily supports Anacletus II as pope instead of Innocent II. Innocent flees to France and Anacletus crowns Roger King. ... Pope Honorius II should not be confused with Antipope Honorius II, otherwise known as Peter Cadalus. ... Country Italy Region Emilia-Romagna Province Bologna (BO) Mayor Massimo Marchignoli Elevation 47 m Area 204. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 13 - Innocent II is elected pope An antipope schism occurs when Roger II of Sicily supports Anacletus II as pope instead of Innocent II. Innocent flees to France and Anacletus crowns Roger King. ... September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years). ... Events Manuel I Comnenus becomes Byzantine Emperor. ... Pope Innocent II (died September 24, 1143), born Gregorio Papareschi, was Pope from 1130 to 1143, and was probably one of the clergy in personal attendance on the antipope Clement III (Guibert of Ravenna). ... This article incorporates text from the public domain Catholic Encyclopedia The death of Pope Honorius II (February, 1130) was followed by a schism. ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 96 days remaining. ... Events Manuel I Comnenus becomes Byzantine Emperor. ... March 8 is the 67th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (68th in Leap years). ... Events Louis VII capitulates to Pope Celestine II and so earns the popes absolution Pope Celestine II is succeeded by Pope Lucius II December 24 - Edessa falls to Zengi Montauban, France, is founded First recorded example of an anti-Semitic blood libel in England Normandy comes under Angevin control... Celestine II, born Guido di Castello (d. ... Città di Castello is a town in the northern part of the Umbria region of Italy. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in leap years). ... Events Louis VII capitulates to Pope Celestine II and so earns the popes absolution Pope Celestine II is succeeded by Pope Lucius II December 24 - Edessa falls to Zengi Montauban, France, is founded First recorded example of an anti-Semitic blood libel in England Normandy comes under Angevin control... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... Events Pope Lucius II is succeeded by Pope Eugene III Nur ad-Din ascends to power in Syria Construction begins on Notre-Dame dChartres in Chartres, France Korean historian Kim Pusik compiled the historical text Samguk Sagi. ... Lucius II, neé Gherardo Caccianemici dal Orso (died February 15, 1145) was Pope from March 12, 1144 until his death. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Pope Lucius II is succeeded by Pope Eugene III Nur ad-Din ascends to power in Syria Construction begins on Notre-Dame dChartres in Chartres, France Korean historian Kim Pusik compiled the historical text Samguk Sagi. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... Events January 6 - Henry of Anjou arrives in England. ... The Blessed Eugene III, né Bernardo Pignatelli (d. ... Cistercians coat of arms The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black scapular or apron) are a Catholic order of monks. ... Pisa is a city in Tuscany, central Italy, on the right bank of the mouth of the Arno River on the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... Events January 6 - Henry of Anjou arrives in England. ... December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events King Stephen of England dies at Dover, and is succeeded by his adopted son Henry Plantagenet who becomes King Henry II of England, aged 21. ... Anastasius IV, né Corrado di Suburra or della Suburra (d. ... December 4 is the 338th day (339th on leap years) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events King Stephen of England dies at Dover, and is succeeded by his adopted son Henry Plantagenet who becomes King Henry II of England, aged 21. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Events In the Roman Catholic Church, Cardinals are given the right of election of the Pope. ... Pope Adrian IV (c. ... The Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo (died AD 430), are several Roman Catholic monastic orders and congregations of both men and women living according to a guide to religious life known as the Rule of Saint Augustine. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Henry II of England (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, and as King of England (1154–1189) and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland[citation needed], eastern Ireland, and western France. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... Events In the Roman Catholic Church, Cardinals are given the right of election of the Pope. ... August 30 is the 242nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (243rd in leap years), with 123 days remaining. ... Events Jayavarman VII assumes control of the Khmer kingdom. ... Alexander III, né Orlando Bandinelli (c. ... The Third Council of the Lateran met in March, 1179 as the 11th ecumenical council. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Events Jayavarman VII assumes control of the Khmer kingdom. ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April 25 - Genpei War - Naval battle of Dan-no-ura leads to Minamoto victory in Japan Templars settle in London and begin the building of New Temple Church End of the Heian Period and beginning of the Kamakura period in Japan. ... Lucius III, né Ubaldo Allucingoli (1097 – November 25, 1185), was pope from September 1, 1181 to his death. ... Lucca is a city in Tuscany, northern central Italy, situated on the river Serchio in a fertile plain near (but not on) the Ligurian Sea. ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April 25 - Genpei War - Naval battle of Dan-no-ura leads to Minamoto victory in Japan Templars settle in London and begin the building of New Temple Church End of the Heian Period and beginning of the Kamakura period in Japan. ... October 19 is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events May 1 - Battle of Cresson - Saladin defeats the crusaders July 4 - Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, at the Battle of Hattin. ... Urban III, né Uberto Crivelli (d. ... Country Italy Region Lombardy Province Milan (MI) Mayor Letizia Moratti Elevation 120 m Area 182 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 1,308,311  - Density 6,988/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Milanesi Dialing code 02 Postal code 20100 Patron St. ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... // Events May 1 - Battle of Cresson - Saladin defeats the crusaders July 4 - Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, at the Battle of Hattin. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... // Events May 1 - Battle of Cresson - Saladin defeats the crusaders July 4 - Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, at the Battle of Hattin. ... Pope Gregory VIII (ca. ... Benevento is a town and archiepiscopal see of Campania, Italy, capital of the province of Benevento, 32 miles northeast of Naples. ... The Third Crusade (1189–1192) was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin. ... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events May 1 - Battle of Cresson - Saladin defeats the crusaders July 4 - Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, at the Battle of Hattin. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in leap years). ... // Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... Clement III, born Paulino Scolari (or Paolo) (b. ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (90th in leap years). ... // Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Toba of Japan Emperor Tsuchimikado ascends to the throne of Japan January 8 - Pope Innocent III ascends Papal Throne Frederick II, infant son of German King Henry VI, crowned King of Sicily Births August 24 - Alexander II of Scotland (d. ... Celestine III, né Giacinto Bobone (Rome, ca. ... The Orsini family was a powerful noble family in medieval and renaissance Rome, supplying three popes and many other leaders, and fighting with their rivals, the Colonna family, for influence. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Toba of Japan Emperor Tsuchimikado ascends to the throne of Japan January 8 - Pope Innocent III ascends Papal Throne Frederick II, infant son of German King Henry VI, crowned King of Sicily Births August 24 - Alexander II of Scotland (d. ... July 16 is the 197th day (198th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 168 days remaining. ... Events Prince Louis of France, the future King Louis VIII, invades England in the First Barons War Henry III becomes King of England. ... Innocent III, born Lotario de Conti di Segni (Gavignano, near Anagni, ca. ... Segni, in the Latin language called Signinsis, is an Italian city located in the Province of Rome. ... The Fourth Council of the Lateran was summoned by Pope Innocent III with his Bull of April 19, 1213. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... Events Prince Louis of France, the future King Louis VIII, invades England in the First Barons War Henry III becomes King of England. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... Events Henry III of England declares himself of age and assumes power Births September 30 - Pope Nicholas IV Deaths March 18 - Pope Honorius III (b. ... Honorius III, né Cencio Savelli (Rome, 1148 – March 18, 1227 in Rome), was Pope from 1216 to 1227. ... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... Events Henry III of England declares himself of age and assumes power Births September 30 - Pope Nicholas IV Deaths March 18 - Pope Honorius III (b. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal Polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ... Papal Arms of Pope Gregory IX. Gregory IX, né Ugolino di Conti (Anagni, ca. ... Segni, in the Latin language called Signinsis, is an Italian city located in the Province of Rome. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal Polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal Polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ... Pope Celestine IV (died November 10, 1241 in Rome), born Goffredo da Castiglione, was pope from October 25, 1241 to November 10, 1241. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... // Events Innocent IV was elected pope. ... December 7 is the 341st day (342nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Pope Innocent IV (Manarola, 1180/90 – Naples, December 7, 1254), born Sinibaldo de Fieschi, Pope from 1243 to 1254, belonged to the feudal nobility of Liguria, the Fieschi, counts of Lavagna. ... Count Fieschi Giovanni Luigi Fieschi (or Fiesco) (c. ... Country Italy Region Liguria Province Genoa (GE) Mayor Giuseppe Pericu (since 2005-05-30) Elevation 20 m Area 243 km² Population  - Total (as of 2006) 620,316  - Density 2,553/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Genovesi Dialing code 010 Postal code 16100 Frazioni Acquasanta, Vesima Patron St. ... The First Council of Lyons (Lyons I) was the Thirteenth Ecumenical Council and took place in 1245. ...

Began AD 1254-1492

Pontificate Common English Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
12 December 1254 to 25 May 1261 Alexander IV Papa Alexander Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Rinaldo dei Conti di Segni; Rinaldo Conti Anagni, Italy  
29 August 1261 to 2 October 1264 Urban IV Papa Urbanus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Jacques Pantaléon Troyes, France  
5 February 1265 to 29 November 1268 Clement IV Papa Clemens Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Gui Faucoi le Gros (angl: Guy Foulques the Fat) Saint-Gilles, France  
29 November 1268 to 1 September 1271   interregnum      
1 September 1271 to 10 January 1276 Gregory X, O.Cist.
Blessed Gregory
Papa Gregorius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Tebaldo Visconti Piacenza, italy Convened the Second Council of Lyons, 1274
21 January 1276 to 22 June 1276 Innocent V, O.P.
Blessed Innocent
Papa Innocentius Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Pierre de Tarentaise Savoy, France  
11 July 1276 to 18 August 1276 Adrian V Papa Hadrianus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Ottobuono Fieschi Genoa, Italy  
8 September 1276 to 20 May 1277 John XXI Papa Ioannes Vicesimus Primus, Episcopus Romanus Pedro Hispano Lisbon, Portugal Killed in the collapse of his scientific laboratory; the first Portuguese pope
25 November 1277 to 22 August 1280 Nicholas III, O.S.B. Papa Nicolaus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Gaetano Orsini Rome, Italy  
22 February 1281 to 28 March 1285 Martin IV Papa Martinus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Simon de Brion; Simon de Brie Touraine, France  
2 April 1285 to 3 April 1287 Honorius IV Papa Honorius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Giacomo Savelli Rome, Italy  
22 February 1288 to 4 April 1292 Nicholas IV, O.F.M. Papa Nicolaus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Girolamo Masci Ascoli, Italy  
4 April 1292 to 5 July 1294   interregnum      
5 July 1294 to 13 December 1294 Celestine V, O.S.B.
Saint Celestine
Papa Coelestinus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro da Morrone Moline, Italy One of only two popes who abdicated
24 December 1294 to 11 October 1303 Boniface VIII Papa Bonifacius Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Benedetto Caetani Anagni, Italy  
22 October 1303 to 7 July 1304 Benedict XI, O.P.
Blessed Bendedict
Papa Benedictus Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Niccolò Boccasini Treviso, Italy Convened the Council of Vienne, 1311-1312
5 June 1305 to 20 April 1314 Clement V Papa Clemens Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Bertrand de Got Bordeaux, France Pope at Avignon. Suppressed the Knights Templar at the Council of Vienne.
20 April 1314 to 7 August 1316   interregnum      
7 August 1316 to 4 December 1334 John XXII Papa Ioannes Vicesimus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Jacques d'Euse; Jacques Duèse Cahors, France Pope at Avignon
20 December 1334 to 25 April 1342 Benedict XII, O.Cist. Papa Benedictus Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Jacques Fournier Saverdun, France Pope at Avignon
7 May 1342 to 6 December 1352 Clement VI Papa Clemens Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Pierre Roger Limoges, France Pope at Avignon
18 December 1352 to 12 September 1362 Innocent VI Papa Innocentius Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Étienne Aubert; Stephen Aubert Beyssac, France Pope at Avignon
28 September 1362 to 19 December 1370 Urban V, O.S.B.
Blessed Urban
Papa Urbanus Quintus, Episcopus Guillaume Grimoard; Guillaume de Grimoard Languedoc, France Pope at Avignon
30 December 1370 to 26 March 1378 Gregory XI Papa Gregorius Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Pierre Roger de Beaufort Limoges, France Pope at Avignon; returns to Rome
8 April 1378 to 15 October 1389 Urban VI Papa Urbanus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Bartolomeo Prignano Naples, Italy Western Schism
2 November 1389 to 1 October 1404 Boniface IX Papa Bonifacius Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Tomacelli Naples, Italy Western Schism
17 October 1404 to 6 November 1406 Innocent VII Papa Innocentius Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Cosimo Gentile Migliorati Abruzzi, Italy Western Schism
30 November 1406 to 4 July 1415 Gregory XII Papa Gregorius Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Angelo Correr Venice, Italy Western Schism; abdicated during the Council of Constance, which had been called by his opponent John XXIII.
4 July 1415 to 11 November 1417   interregnum      
11 November 1417 to 20 February 1431 Martin V Papa Martinus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Oddone Colonna Rome, Italy Convened the Council of Basel, 1431
3 March 1431 to 23 February 1447 Eugene IV, O.S.A. Papa Eugenius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Gabriele Condulmer Venice, Italy crowned Sigismund emperor at Rome in 1433.
6 March 1447 to 24 March 1455 Nicholas V, O.P. Papa Nicolaus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Tommaso Parentucelli Sarzana, Liguria, Italy Held Jubilee of 1450; crowned Frederick III emperor at Rome in 1452.
8 April 1455 to 6 August 1458 Callixtus III Papa Callistus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Alfonso de Borgia Xàtiva, València, Spain First Spanish Pope
19 August 1458 to 15 August 1464 Pius II Papa Pius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Enea Silvio Piccolomini Siena, Italy  
30 August 1464 to 26 July 1471 Paul II Papa Paulus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Barbo Venice, Italy Nephew of Eugene IV
9 August 1471 to 12 August 1484 Sixtus IV, O.F.M. Papa Xystus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Francesco della Rovere Savona, Italy Member of the Franciscan Order, Commissioned the Sistine Chapel
29 August 1484 to 25 July 1492 Innocent VIII Papa Innocentius Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Battista Cybo Genoa, Italy Appointed Tomás de Torquemada
11 August 1492 to 18 August 1503 Alexander VI Papa Alexander Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Rodrigo de Lanzòl-Borgia Xàtiva, València, Spain Nephew of Callixtus III. Father to Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia. Divided the extra-European world between Spain and Portugal in 1493 by the Bull Inter caetera.

December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... Events July 25 - Constantinople re-captured by Nicaean forces under the command of Michael VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Empire re-formed August 29 - Urban IV becomes Pope, the last man to do so without being a Cardinal first Bela IV of Hungary repels Tatar invasion Charles of Anjou given rule of... Alexander IV, né Rinaldo Conti (Anagni, ca. ... Conti can refer to: an abbreviation for the German Continental Rubber Corporation. ... August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... Events July 25 - Constantinople re-captured by Nicaean forces under the command of Michael VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Empire re-formed August 29 - Urban IV becomes Pope, the last man to do so without being a Cardinal first Bela IV of Hungary repels Tatar invasion Charles of Anjou given rule of... October 2 is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... Events May 12 - The Battle of Lewes begins (ends May 14). ... Urban IV, born Jacques Pantaléon (Troyes, ca. ... February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Conradin (right) is executed by Charles I of Sicily, thus extinguishing the Hohenstaufen dynasty, in 1268. ... Clement IV, né Gui Faucoi le Gros ( Guy Foulques the Fat or Guido le Gros) (Saint-Gilles-du-Gard, November 23, year uncertain – Viterbo, November 29, 1268), was elected Pope February 5, 1265, in a conclave held at Perugia that took four months, while cardinals argued over whether to call... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Conradin (right) is executed by Charles I of Sicily, thus extinguishing the Hohenstaufen dynasty, in 1268. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Sede vacante is the vacancy of the episcopal see of a particular church in the Canon law of the Roman Catholic Church. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Gregory X, né Theobald Visconti (Piacenza, ca. ... Cistercians coat of arms The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black scapular or apron) are a Catholic order of monks. ... Visconti was a noble family that ruled Milan during the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance period. ... The Second Council of Lyon was a Roman Catholic council convened in Lyon in 1274. ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Innocent V, né Pierre de Tarentaise (Hamlet of Friburge - Champagny en Vanoise, Savoy, ca. ... Laudare, Benedicere, Praedicare Saint Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the needs of his time, one that would bring the dedication and systematic education of the older monastic orders to bear on the religious problems of the burgeoning population of cities, but with more... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Adrian V (also known as Hadrian V), né Ottobuono de Fieschi (c. ... Count Fieschi Giovanni Luigi Fieschi (or Fiesco) (c. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... Events The philosophical doctrine Averroism is banned from Paris by bishop Etienne Tempier Burmas Pagan empire begins to disintegrate after being defeated by Kublai Khan at Ngasaungsyan, near the Chinese border. ... John XXI, born Pedro Julião (1215 – May 20, 1277), a Portuguese also called Pedro Hispano (Latin, Petrus Hispanus), was Pope from 1276 until his death. ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The philosophical doctrine Averroism is banned from Paris by bishop Etienne Tempier Burmas Pagan empire begins to disintegrate after being defeated by Kublai Khan at Ngasaungsyan, near the Chinese border. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... . Nicholas III, né Giovanni Gaetano Orsini (Rome, ca. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... The Orsini family was a powerful noble family in medieval and renaissance Rome, supplying three popes and many other leaders, and fighting with their rivals, the Colonna family, for influence. ... February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in leap years). ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Martin IV, né Simon de Brion (ca. ... April 2 is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 273 days remaining. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... April 3 is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 272 days remaining. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Honorius IV, né Giacomo Savelli (Rome, ca. ... February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 22 - Nicholas IV becomes Pope. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Nicholas IV, né Girolamo Masci (Lisciano, a small village near Ascoli Piceno, September 30, 1227 – April 4, 1292), was Pope from February 22, 1288 to April 4, 1292. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Sede vacante is the vacancy of the episcopal see of a particular church in the Canon law of the Roman Catholic Church. ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Saint Celestine V, né Pietro Angelerio (according to some sources Angelario or Angelieri or Angelliero or Angeleri), also known as Pietro del Morrone (1215 – May 19, 1296) was Pope in the year 1294. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events 24 February: Battle of Roslin 20 April: Pope Boniface VIII founds the University of Rome La Sapienza Edward I of England reconquers Scotland (see also: William Wallace, Wars of Scottish Independence) The Khilji Dynasty conquers time travel Births Saint Birgitta, Swedish saint (died 1373) Gegeen Khan, Mongol emperor of... Boniface VIII, né Benedetto Caetani (Anagni, c. ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... // Events 24 February: Battle of Roslin 20 April: Pope Boniface VIII founds the University of Rome La Sapienza Edward I of England reconquers Scotland (see also: William Wallace, Wars of Scottish Independence) The Khilji Dynasty conquers time travel Births Saint Birgitta, Swedish saint (died 1373) Gegeen Khan, Mongol emperor of... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... Events 20 July - Fall of Stirling Castle: Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold in the Wars of Scottish Independence. ... Benedict XI, born Nicholas Boccasini (Treviso, 1240 – July 7, 1304), Pope from 1303 to 1304, succeeded the famous Pope Boniface VIII (1294–1303), but was unable to carry out his policies. ... Laudare, Benedicere, Praedicare Saint Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the needs of his time, one that would bring the dedication and systematic education of the older monastic orders to bear on the religious problems of the burgeoning population of cities, but with more... Above all else, the Roman Catholic Council of Vienne was the Ecumenical Council that withdrew papal support for the Knights Templar, confirming the destruction of the rich Order by the bureaucrats of Philip IV of France. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... Events August 5 - English troops capture William Wallace Wenceslas III becomes king of Bohemia Archbishop of Bordeaux, Bertrand de Got, was elected as Pope Clement V. Philip IV of France accused the Knights Templar of heresy. ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... Events June 24 - Battle of Bannockburn. ... Clement V, born Bertrand de Goth (also occasionally spelled Gouth and Got) (1264 – April 20, 1314), was Pope from 1305 to his death. ... The Papal palace in Avignon In the history of the Roman Catholic Church, the Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1377 during which seven popes, all French, resided in Avignon: Pope Clement V: 1305–1314 Pope John XXII: 1316–1334 Pope Benedict XII: 1334–1342 Pope Clement VI... The Seal of the Knights — the two riders have been interpreted as a sign of poverty or the duality of monk/soldier. ... Above all else, the Roman Catholic Council of Vienne was the Ecumenical Council that withdrew papal support for the Knights Templar, confirming the destruction of the rich Order by the bureaucrats of Philip IV of France. ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... Events June 24 - Battle of Bannockburn. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... Events Pope John XXII elected to the papacy. ... Sede vacante is the vacancy of the episcopal see of a particular church in the Canon law of the Roman Catholic Church. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... Events Pope John XXII elected to the papacy. ... December 4 is the 338th day (339th on leap years) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Births January 4 - Amadeus VI of Savoy, Count of Savoy (died 1383) January 13 - King Henry II of Castile (died 1379) May 25 - Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders (died 1398) August 30 - King Peter I of Castile (died 1369) James I of Cyprus (died... Pope John XXII, born Jacques Duèze or dEuse (1249 – December 4, 1334), was the son of a shoemaker in Cahors. ... The Papal palace in Avignon In the history of the Roman Catholic Church, the Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1377 during which seven popes, all French, resided in Avignon: Pope Clement V: 1305–1314 Pope John XXII: 1316–1334 Pope Benedict XII: 1334–1342 Pope Clement VI... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Births January 4 - Amadeus VI of Savoy, Count of Savoy (died 1383) January 13 - King Henry II of Castile (died 1379) May 25 - Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders (died 1398) August 30 - King Peter I of Castile (died 1369) James I of Cyprus (died... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... Events May - Pope Clement VI elected John III Comnenus becomes emperor of Trebizond Louis becomes king of Sicily and duke of Athens Constantine IV becomes king of Armenia Patriarch of Antioch transferred to Damascus under Ignatius II Kitzbühel becomes part of Tyrol Louis I becomes king of Hungary Births... Benedict XII, né Jacques Fournier ( 1280s – April 25, 1342), was Pope from 1334 to 1342. ... Cistercians coat of arms The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black scapular or apron) are a Catholic order of monks. ... The Papal palace in Avignon In the history of the Roman Catholic Church, the Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1377 during which seven popes, all French, resided in Avignon: Pope Clement V: 1305–1314 Pope John XXII: 1316–1334 Pope Benedict XII: 1334–1342 Pope Clement VI... May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ... Events May - Pope Clement VI elected John III Comnenus becomes emperor of Trebizond Louis becomes king of Sicily and duke of Athens Constantine IV becomes king of Armenia Patriarch of Antioch transferred to Damascus under Ignatius II Kitzbühel becomes part of Tyrol Louis I becomes king of Hungary Births... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events June 4 - Glarus joins the Swiss Confederation. ... Clement VI, né Pierre Roger (1291 – December 6, 1352), the fourth of the Avignon Popes, was elected in May 1342, and reigned until his death. ... The Papal palace in Avignon In the history of the Roman Catholic Church, the Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1377 during which seven popes, all French, resided in Avignon: Pope Clement V: 1305–1314 Pope John XXII: 1316–1334 Pope Benedict XII: 1334–1342 Pope Clement VI... In the Gregorian Calendar, December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years), at which point there will be 13 days remaining to the end of the year. ... Events June 4 - Glarus joins the Swiss Confederation. ... Portal:Currentevents September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 - 1362 - 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 See also: 1362 state leaders Events Under Edward III, English replaces French as Englands national language, for the... Innocent VI, né Étienne Aubert (1282 or 1295 – September 12, 1362), Pope at Avignon from 1352 to 1362, the successor of Pope Clement VI (1342–52), was a native of the hamlet of Les Monts, diocese of Limoges (today part of the commune of Beyssac, département of Corrèze... The Papal palace in Avignon In the history of the Roman Catholic Church, the Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1377 during which seven popes, all French, resided in Avignon: Pope Clement V: 1305–1314 Pope John XXII: 1316–1334 Pope Benedict XII: 1334–1342 Pope Clement VI... September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 - 1362 - 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 See also: 1362 state leaders Events Under Edward III, English replaces French as Englands national language, for the... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Blessed Urban V, né Guillaume Grimoard (1310 – December 19, 1370), Pope from 1362 to 1370, was a native of Grizac in Languedoc (today part of the commune of Le Pont-de-Montvert, département of Lozère). ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... The Papal palace in Avignon In the history of the Roman Catholic Church, the Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1377 during which seven popes, all French, resided in Avignon: Pope Clement V: 1305–1314 Pope John XXII: 1316–1334 Pope Benedict XII: 1334–1342 Pope Clement VI... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (86th in leap years). ... Events March - John Wyclif tried to gain public favour by laying his theses before parliament, and then made them public in a tract. ... Gregory XI, né Pierre Roger de Beaufort (ca. ... The Papal palace in Avignon In the history of the Roman Catholic Church, the Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1377 during which seven popes, all French, resided in Avignon: Pope Clement V: 1305–1314 Pope John XXII: 1316–1334 Pope Benedict XII: 1334–1342 Pope Clement VI... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... Events March - John Wyclif tried to gain public favour by laying his theses before parliament, and then made them public in a tract. ... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years). ... Events February 24 - Margaret I defeats Albert in battle, thus becoming ruler of Denmark, Norway and Sweden June 28 - Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottomans. ... Pope Urban VI (Naples c. ... Historical map of the Western Schism. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... Events February 24 - Margaret I defeats Albert in battle, thus becoming ruler of Denmark, Norway and Sweden June 28 - Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottomans. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events June 14 - Owain Glyndwr of Wales allies with the French against the English and the Henry of Lancaster. ... Boniface IX, né Piero Tomacelli (1356 – October 1, 1404), was the second Roman Pope of the Western Schism from November 2, 1389 – until October 1, 1404). ... Historical map of the Western Schism. ... October 17 is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events June 14 - Owain Glyndwr of Wales allies with the French against the English and the Henry of Lancaster. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... Events Construction of Forbidden City begins in Beijing. ... Innocent VII, né Cosimo de Migliorati (ca. ... Historical map of the Western Schism. ... November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 31 days remaining. ... Events Construction of Forbidden City begins in Beijing. ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... Events Friedrich I Hohenzollern (b. ... Gregory XII, né Angelo Correr or Corraro (died October 18, 1417), Pope from 1406 to 1415, succeeded Pope Innocent VII (1404–06) on November 30, 1406, having been chosen at Rome by a conclave consisting of only fifteen cardinals, under the express condition that, should antipope Benedict XIII (1394–1423... Historical map of the Western Schism. ... The Council of Constance was an ecumenical council of the Catholic Church, called by the Emperor Sigismund, a supporter of Antipope John XXIII, the pope recently elected at Pisa. ... Antipope John XXIII Baldassare Cossa, (about 1370 – November 22, 1419), also known as John XXIII,was Pope or antipope during the Western Schism (1410–1415) and is now officially regarded by the Catholic Church as an antipope. ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... Events Friedrich I Hohenzollern (b. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Events Antipope Benedict XIII is deposed, and Pope Martin V is elected. ... Sede vacante is the vacancy of the episcopal see of a particular church in the Canon law of the Roman Catholic Church. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Events Antipope Benedict XIII is deposed, and Pope Martin V is elected. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 21 - The trial of Joan of Arc March 3 - Eugenius IV becomes Pope May 30 - In Rouen, France, 19-year old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake. ... Martin V, né Oddone Colonna or Odo Colonna (1368 – February 20, 1431), Pope from 1417 to 1431, was elected on St. ... The Colonna family was a powerful noble family in medieval and renaissance Rome, supplying one pope and many other leaders, and fighting with their rivals the Orsini family for influence. ... The Council of Basel was a council of bishops and other ecclesiastics of the Roman Catholic Church that was held at Basel, Switzerland. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... Events February 21 - The trial of Joan of Arc March 3 - Eugenius IV becomes Pope May 30 - In Rouen, France, 19-year old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events March 6 - Nicholas V becomes Pope. ... Eugenius IV, né Gabriel Condulmer (1383 - February 23, 1447) was pope from March 3, 1431 to his death. ... The Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo (died AD 430), are several Roman Catholic monastic orders and congregations of both men and women living according to a guide to religious life known as the Rule of Saint Augustine. ... Sigismund (February 14/15, 1368 - December 9, 1437) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1433 to 1437. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 8th century BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (496. ... Events Births June 23 - Francis II, Duke of Brittany Kettil Karlsson Vasa, later Regent of Sweden. ... March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... Events March 6 - Nicholas V becomes Pope. ... March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in leap years). ... ... no changes . ... Nicholas V, né Tomaso Parentucelli (November 15, 1397 – March 24, 1455) was Pope from March 6, 1447, to his death. ... Laudare, Benedicere, Praedicare Saint Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the needs of his time, one that would bring the dedication and systematic education of the older monastic orders to bear on the religious problems of the burgeoning population of cities, but with more... The Jubilee in both the Jewish and Christian traditions is a year of celebration and forgiveness originally held every 50 years. ... Events March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen April 15 - Battle of Formigny. ... Detail of Aeneas Piccolomini Introduces Eleonora of Portugal to Frederick III by Pinturicchio (1454-1513) Frederick III of Habsburg (Innsbruck, September 21, 1415 – August 19, 1493 in Linz) was elected as German King as the successor of Albert II in 1440. ... Events October - English troops under John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, land in Guyenne, France, and retake most of the province without a fight. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... ... no changes . ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... Events January 24 - Matthias I Corvinus becomes king of Hungary Foundation of Magdalen College, University of Oxford George of Podebrady becomes king of Bohemia Pope Pius II becomes pope Turks sack the Acropolis Births February 15 - Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. ... Calistus and Calixtus III redirect here. ... Borja (better known by the Italian spelling of the name, Borgia) was an influential Spanish-Italian family during the Renaissance. ... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 24 - Matthias I Corvinus becomes king of Hungary Foundation of Magdalen College, University of Oxford George of Podebrady becomes king of Bohemia Pope Pius II becomes pope Turks sack the Acropolis Births February 15 - Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... Events February - Christian I of Denmark and Norway who was also serving as King of Sweden is declared deposed from the later throne. ... Pius II, né Enea Silvio Piccolomini, in Latin Aeneas Sylvius (October 18, 1405 – August 14, 1464) was Pope from 1458 until his death. ... August 30 is the 242nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (243rd in leap years), with 123 days remaining. ... Events February - Christian I of Denmark and Norway who was also serving as King of Sweden is declared deposed from the later throne. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 1471, not the BT caller ID service accessible by dialling 1-4-7-1. ... Paul II, né Pietro Barbo (February 23, 1417 – July 26, 1471), was Pope from 1464 until his death. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 1471, not the BT caller ID service accessible by dialling 1-4-7-1. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 25 - Peter Arbues, chief of the Spanish Inquisition, is assassinated when he is praying in the cathedral at Saragossa, Spain July 6 - Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of Congo River December 5 - Pope Innocent VIII gives the inquisition a mission to hunt heretics and... Sixtus IV, born Francesco della Rovere (July 21, 1414 – August 12, 1484) was Pope from 1471 to 1484. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... The Italian della Rovere family of the Renaissance supplied two popes: Francesco della Rovere, Pope Sixtus IV, 1471-1484 Juliano della Rovere, Pope Julius II, 1503-1513 ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... The Sistine Chapel (Italian: Cappella Sistina) is a chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Roman Catholic Pope in the Vatican City. ... August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... Events January 25 - Peter Arbues, chief of the Spanish Inquisition, is assassinated when he is praying in the cathedral at Saragossa, Spain July 6 - Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of Congo River December 5 - Pope Innocent VIII gives the inquisition a mission to hunt heretics and... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... 1492 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pope Innocent VIII (1432 – July 25, 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo, was Pope from 1484 until his death. ... Grand Inquisitor Tomás de Torquemada For others with similar names, see Torquemada (disambiguation) Tomás de Torquemada (1420, Valladolid, Castile (present-day Spain) - September 16, 1498, Ávila, Castile) was a fifteenth century Spanish Dominican, and an Inquisitor General. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1492 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1503 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pope Alexander VI (January 1, 1431 – August 18, 1503), born Rodrigo Borja (Italian: Rodrigo Borgia), Pope from 1492 to 1503), is the most controversial of the secular Popes of the Renaissance, whose surname became a byword for low standards in the papacy of that era. ... Borja (better known by the Italian spelling of the name, Borgia) was an influential Spanish-Italian family during the Renaissance. ... Cesare Borgia. ... Portrait of a Woman by Bartolomeo Veneziano, traditionally assumed to be Lucrezia Borgia. ... Inter Caetera was a papal bull issued by Pope Alexander VI in 4 May 1493, to stop fights between Spain and Portugal over territories in the new world. ...

Began AD 1503-1740

Pontificate Common English Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
22 September 1503 to 18 October 1503 Pius III Papa Pius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini Siena, Tuscany, Italy Nephew of Pius II
31 October 1503 to 21 February 1513 Julius II, O.F.M. Papa Iulius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Giuliano della Rovere Albisola, Savona, Italy Nephew of Sixtus IV; Convened the Fifth Council of the Lateran, 1512. Took effective control of the whole territory of the Papal States for the first time. Proposed plans for rebuilding of Saint Peter's Basilica
9 March 1513 to 1 December 1521 Leo X Papa Leo Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici Florence, Italy Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent. Excommunicated Martin Luther
9 January 1522 to 14 September 1523 Adrian VI Papa Hadrianus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Adriaan Floriszoon Boeyens Utrecht, Holy Roman Empire (presently The Netherlands) The only Dutch Pope. Last non-Italian to be elected pope until John Paul II in 1978. The tutor of Emperor Charles V
26 November 1523 to 25 September 1534 Clement VII Papa Clemens Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici Florence, Italy Cousin of Leo X. Rome plundered by imperial troops ("Sacco di Roma"), 1527. He forbade the divorce of Henry VIII and crowned Charles V Emperor at Bologna in 1550. His niece Catherine de' Medici was married to the son of the French king.
13 October 1534 to 10 November 1549 Paul III Papa Paulus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Alessandro Farnese Canino, Viterbo, Italy Opened the Council of Trent in 1545. His illegitimate son became the first Duke of Parma.
29 November 1549 to 29 March 1555 Julius III Papa Iulius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte Rome, Italy  
9 April 1555 to April 30 or 1 May 1555 Marcellus II Papa Marcellus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Marcello Cervini Montefano, Macerata, Italy Last to use given name as regnal name
23 May 1555 to 18 August 1559 Paul IV Papa Paulus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Pietro Carafa Capriglia, Campania, Italy  
26 December 1559 to 9 December 1565 Pius IV Papa Pius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Angelo Medici Milan, Italy Reopened the Council of Trent, 1562, it concluded its proceedings in 1563
7 January 1566 to 1 May 1572 Pius V, O.P.
Saint Pius
Papa Pius Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Michele Ghislieri Bosco, Alessandria, Italy Excommunicated Elizabeth I of England, 1570. Victory of Lepanto 1571
13 May 1572 to 10 April 1585 Gregory XIII Papa Gregorius Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Ugo Boncompagni Bologna, Italy Reform of the calendar 1582
24 April 1585 to 27 August 1590 Sixtus V, O.F.M. Conv. Papa Xystus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Felice Peretti Grottammare, Marche, Italy  
15 September 1590 to 27 September 1590 Urban VII Papa Urbanus Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Battista Castagna Rome, Italy  
5 December 1590 to 15 /16 October 1591 Gregory XIV Papa Gregorius Quartus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Niccolò Sfondrati Cremona, Lombardy, Italy  
29 October 1591 to 30 December 1591 Innocent IX Papa Innocentius Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti Bologna, Italy  
30 January 1592 to 3 March 1605 Clement VIII Papa Clemens Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Ippolito Aldobrandini Fano, Marche, Italy  
1 April 1605 to 27 April 1605 Leo XI Papa Leo Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici Florence, Italy  
16 May 1605 to 28 January 1621 Paul V Papa Paulus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Camillo Borghese Rome, Italy  
9 February 1621 to 8 July 1623 Gregory XV Papa Gregorius Quintus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Alessandro Ludovisi Bologna, Italy  
6 August 1623 to 29 July 1644 Urban VIII Papa Urbanus Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Maffeo Barberini Florence, Italy Trial against Galileo Galilei
15 September 1644 to 7 January 1655 Innocent X Papa Innocentius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Battista Pamphilj Rome, Italy  
7 April 1655 to 22 May 1667 Alexander VII Papa Alexander Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Fabio Chigi Siena, Tuscany, Italy  
20 June 1667 to 9 December 1669 Clement IX Papa Clemens Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Giulio Rospigliosi Pistoia, Tuscany, Italy  
29 April 1670 to 22 July 1676 Clement X Papa Clemens Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Emilio Altieri Rome, Italy  
21 September 1676 to 11/12 August 1689 Innocent XI
Blessed Innocent
Papa Innocentius Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Benedetto Odescalchi Como, Lombardy, Italy  
6 October 1689 to 1 February 1691 Alexander VIII Papa Alexander Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Vito Ottoboni Padova, Veneto, Italy  
12 July 1691 to 27 September 1700 Innocent XII Papa Innocentius Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Antonio Pignatelli Spinazzola, Puglia, Italy  
23 November 1700 to 19 March 1721 Clement XI Papa Clemens Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Francesco Albani Urbino, Marche, Italy  
8 May 1721 to 7 March 1724 Innocent XIII Papa Innocentius Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Michelangelo de ’Conti; Michael Angelo Conti Poli, Lazio, Italy  
29 May 1724 to 21 February 1730 Benedict XIII, O.P. Papa Benedictus Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Pierfrancesco Orsini Gravina, Puglia, Italy  
12 July 1730 to 6 February 1740 Clement XII Papa Clemens Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Lorenzo Corsini Florence, Italy  
17 August 1740 to 3 May 1758 Benedict XIV Papa Benedictus Quartus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini Bologna, Italy  

September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... 1503 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years). ... 1503 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pius III, born Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini (May 9, 1439 – October 18, 1503), was [Pope]] from September 22 to October 18, 1503. ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... 1503 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1513 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Julius II, born Giuliano della Rovere (December 5, 1443 – February 21, 1513), was Pope from 1503 to 1513. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... The Italian della Rovere family of the Renaissance supplied two popes: Francesco della Rovere, Pope Sixtus IV, 1471-1484 Juliano della Rovere, Pope Julius II, 1503-1513 ... When elected pope, Julius II promised under oath that he would soon convoke a general council. ... The Papal States (Gli Stati della Chiesa or Stati Pontificii, States of the Church) was one of the major historical states of Italy before the boot-shaped peninsula was unified under the Piedmontese crown of Savoy (later a republic). ... Interior view, with the nave of the Cattedra in the back St. ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ... 1513 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ... Leo X, born Giovanni di Lorenzo de Medici (Florence, 11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521, Rome), Pope from 1513 to his death, is known primarily for his failure to stem the Protestant Reformation, which began during his reign when Martin Luther (1483–1546) first accused the Roman Catholic Church of... Lorenzo de Medici Lorenzo di Piero de Medici (Florence, January 1, 1449 – 9 April 1492) was an Italian statesman and ruler of the Florentine Republic during the Italian Renaissance. ... Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 9 - Adrian Dedens becomes Pope Adrian VI. February 26 - Execution by hanging of Cuauhtémoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan under orders of conquistador Hernán Cortés. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... Events April - Battle of Villalar - Forces loyal to Emperor Charles V defeat the Comuneros, a league of urban bourgeois rebelling against Charles in Spain. ... The house where Adrian VI was born Adrian VI (also known as Hadrian VI or Adriano VI), born Adrian dEdel (March 2, 1459 - September 14, 1523), pope from 1522 to 1523, was born in Utrecht, the Netherlands, and studied under the Brethren of the Common Life either at Zwolle... The Holy Roman Empire and from the 16th century on also The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation was a political conglomeration of lands in Central Europe in the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ... Official papal image of John Paul II. His Holiness Pope John Paul II, né Karol Józef Wojtyła (born May 18, 1920 in Wadowice, Poland), is the current Pope — the Bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. ... November 26 is the 330th day (331st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April - Battle of Villalar - Forces loyal to Emperor Charles V defeat the Comuneros, a league of urban bourgeois rebelling against Charles in Spain. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year in the 16th century. ... For the antipope (1378–1394) see antipope Clement VII and other Popes named Clement see Pope Clement. ... Portrait by Sandro Botticelli. ... For the play, see Henry VIII (play). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... The Coat of Arms of Catherine de Medici Queen consort of France and countess of Auvergne Catherine de Medici (April 13, 1519, Florence – January 5, 1589, Blois), born in Italy as Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de Medici, and later lived in France under the name Catherine de Médicis... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year in the 16th century. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... Events July - Ketts Rebellion Francis Xavier arrives in Japan. ... Pope Paul III (February 29, 1468 – November 10, 1549), born Alessandro Farnese, was Pope from 1534 to 1549. ... The Farnese family was an influential family in Renaissance Italy. ... The Council of Trent is the Nineteenth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Duchy of Parma was a small Italian state between 1545 and 1802, and again from 1814 to 1860. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events July - Ketts Rebellion Francis Xavier arrives in Japan. ... March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (89th in Leap years). ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... Julius III, né Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte (September 10, 1487 – March 23, 1555), was Pope from February 7, 1550 to 1555. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... Marcellus II, né Marcello Cervini degli Spannochi (May 6, 1501 – May 1, 1555), cardinal of Santa Croce, a native of the area of Ancona, Italy, was elected pope to succeed Julius III on April 9, 1555. ... A regnal name, or reign name, is a formal name used by some popes and monarchs during their reigns. ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Paul IV, né Giovanni Pietro Carafa (June 28, 1476 – August 18, 1559) was Pope from May 23, 1555 until his death. ... December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded. ... Pius IV, né Giovanni Angelo Medici (March 31, 1499 – December 9, 1565), pope from 1559 to 1565, was born of humble parentage in Milan, unrelated with the Medicis of Florence. ... The Council of Trent is the Nineteenth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Events Earliest English slave-trading expedition under John Hawkins. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of the Eighty Years War in the Netherlands. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... Saint Pius V, né Antonio Ghislieri, from 1518 called Michele Ghislieri (January 17, 1504 – May 1, 1572) was pope from 1566 to 1572 and is a saint of the Catholic Church. ... Laudare, Benedicere, Praedicare Saint Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the needs of his time, one that would bring the dedication and systematic education of the older monastic orders to bear on the religious problems of the burgeoning population of cities, but with more... Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England, Queen of France (in name only), and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (134th in leap years). ... Events January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... 1585 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. ... Gregory XIII, born Ugo Boncompagni (January 7, 1502 – April 10, 1585) was pope from 1572 to 1585. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... 1585 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (240th in leap years), with 126 days remaining. ... Bold text{| align=right cellpadding=3 id=toc style=margin-left: 15px; |- | align=center colspan=2 | Years: 1587 1588 1589 - 1590 - 1591 1592 1593 |-vdsf gno[gldw[pvkijxaiamknn csogfhbvdowkhbfkqhjkhrjkhwgfhbjkpnkfokfgok3pkpk9pjhkt9erktyujkip9kijker9thhrkg9hkitr9gtkih9t0ykltk[u0jo0iey9uhyit90ertyhige9rity9riyh9ujirtyuhjnh-4e9tyigh9thiuy0h8tyh34tu8uy8u8u8u8rtu5y8ru8thu0tru0ut0rhutuh0trhu0hseogtrhr8uyhju8t89er9te9r8fy8shit ass dick bitch fuck | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1560s 1570s 1580s - 1590s - 1600s 1610s 1620s |- | align=center | Centuries... Sixtus V, born Felice Peretti (December 13, 1521 -– August 27, 1590) was pope from 1585 to 1590. ... Conventual Franciscans Headline text The Order of Friars founded by St, Francis of Assisi in 1209 The viability of the Franciscan movement after the founders death depended upon a thorough assessment of the Orders role within the social situation. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... Bold text{| align=right cellpadding=3 id=toc style=margin-left: 15px; |- | align=center colspan=2 | Years: 1587 1588 1589 - 1590 - 1591 1592 1593 |-vdsf gno[gldw[pvkijxaiamknn csogfhbvdowkhbfkqhjkhrjkhwgfhbjkpnkfokfgok3pkpk9pjhkt9erktyujkip9kijker9thhrkg9hkitr9gtkih9t0ykltk[u0jo0iey9uhyit90ertyhige9rity9riyh9ujirtyuhjnh-4e9tyigh9thiuy0h8tyh34tu8uy8u8u8u8rtu5y8ru8thu0tru0ut0rhutuh0trhu0hseogtrhr8uyhju8t89er9te9r8fy8shit ass dick bitch fuck | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1560s 1570s 1580s - 1590s - 1600s 1610s 1620s |- | align=center | Centuries... September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Bold text{| align=right cellpadding=3 id=toc style=margin-left: 15px; |- | align=center colspan=2 | Years: 1587 1588 1589 - 1590 - 1591 1592 1593 |-vdsf gno[gldw[pvkijxaiamknn csogfhbvdowkhbfkqhjkhrjkhwgfhbjkpnkfokfgok3pkpk9pjhkt9erktyujkip9kijker9thhrkg9hkitr9gtkih9t0ykltk[u0jo0iey9uhyit90ertyhige9rity9riyh9ujirtyuhjnh-4e9tyigh9thiuy0h8tyh34tu8uy8u8u8u8rtu5y8ru8thu0tru0ut0rhutuh0trhu0hseogtrhr8uyhju8t89er9te9r8fy8shit ass dick bitch fuck | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1560s 1570s 1580s - 1590s - 1600s 1610s 1620s |- | align=center | Centuries... Pope Urban VII (August 4, 1521 – September 27, 1590), born Giovanni Battista Castagna, was Pope for thirteen days in September 1590. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Bold text{| align=right cellpadding=3 id=toc style=margin-left: 15px; |- | align=center colspan=2 | Years: 1587 1588 1589 - 1590 - 1591 1592 1593 |-vdsf gno[gldw[pvkijxaiamknn csogfhbvdowkhbfkqhjkhrjkhwgfhbjkpnkfokfgok3pkpk9pjhkt9erktyujkip9kijker9thhrkg9hkitr9gtkih9t0ykltk[u0jo0iey9uhyit90ertyhige9rity9riyh9ujirtyuhjnh-4e9tyigh9thiuy0h8tyh34tu8uy8u8u8u8rtu5y8ru8thu0tru0ut0rhutuh0trhu0hseogtrhr8uyhju8t89er9te9r8fy8shit ass dick bitch fuck | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1560s 1570s 1580s - 1590s - 1600s 1610s 1620s |- | align=center | Centuries... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years). ... Events June - Capture of Zutphen by the Dutch under Maurice of Nassau. ... Gregory XIV, né Niccolò Sfondrati (February 11, 1535 – October 16, 1591) was Pope from December 5, 1590 – October 16, 1591. ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events June - Capture of Zutphen by the Dutch under Maurice of Nassau. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... Events June - Capture of Zutphen by the Dutch under Maurice of Nassau. ... Innocent IX, né Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti (July 22, 1519 – December 30, 1591), who was born to a modest working family in the mountainous comune of Cravegna, in the diocese of Novara, northern Italy, was a canon lawyer, diplomat, and chief administrator during the reign of Pope Gregory XIV. He succeeded... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Clement VIII, born Ippolito Aldobrandini (Fano, Italy, February 24, 1536 – March 3, 1605 in Rome) was Pope from January 30, 1592 to March 3, 1605. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Leo XI, né Alessandro Ottaviano de Medici (June 2, 1535, Florence – April 27, 1605, Rome), was Pope from April 1, 1605 to April 27 of the same year. ... The Medici coat of arms The Medici family was a powerful and influential Florentine family from the 13th to 17th century. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (137th in leap years). ... 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... Paul V, né Camillo Borghese (Rome, September 17, 1552 – January 28, 1621) was Pope from May 16, 1605 until his death. ... Borghese is the surname of a family of Italian noble and papal background, originating in Siena where they came to prominence in the 13th century holding official offices under the commune. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... Events August 6 - Pope Urban VIII is elected to the Papacy. ... Gregory XV, born Alessandro Ludovisi (January 9, 1554 – July 8, 1623), Pope (1621-1623), born at Bologna, succeeded Paul V on February 9, 1621. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... Events August 6 - Pope Urban VIII is elected to the Papacy. ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... // Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... Pope Urban VIII (April 1568 – July 29, 1644), born Maffeo Barberini, was Pope from 1623 to 1644. ... The Barberini family was a powerful Italian family, originally of Tuscan extraction, who settled in Florence during the early part of the eleventh century. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... // Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ... Innocent X, born Giovanni Battista Pamphili (May 6, 1574 – January 7, 1655) was Pope from 1644 to 1655. ... The Pamphili (often with the final long i orthography, Pamphilj) are one of the Papal families deeply entrenched in Roman politics of the 16th and 17th centuries. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Events March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... Alexander VII, né Fabio Chigi (February 13, 1599 – May 22, 1667) was Pope from April 7, 1655 until his death in 1667. ... Chigi-Albani is the name of a Roman princely family of Sienese extraction descended from the counts of Ardenghesca. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Samuel Pepys stopped writing his diary. ... Clement IX, né Giulio Rospigliosi (January 28, 1600 - December 9, 1669) was pope from 1667 to 1669. ... April 29 is the 119th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (120th in leap years). ... 1670 was a common year beginning on a Saturday in countries using the Julian calendar and a Wednesday in countries using the Gregorian calendar. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... Events January 29 - Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia First measurement of the speed of light, by Ole Rømer Bacons Rebellion Russo-Turkish Wars commence. ... Pope Clement X (July 13, 1590 – July 22, 1676), born Emilio Bonaventura Altieri, was Pope from April 29, 1670 to July 22, 1676. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... Events January 29 - Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia First measurement of the speed of light, by Ole Rømer Bacons Rebellion Russo-Turkish Wars commence. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Louis XIV of France passed the Code Noir, allowing the full use of slaves in the French colonies. ... The Blessed Innocent XI, né Benedetto Odescalchi (May 16, 1611 – August 12, 1689) was pope from 1676 to 1689. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... Events Louis XIV of France passed the Code Noir, allowing the full use of slaves in the French colonies. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events March 5 - French troops under Marshal Louis-Francois de Boufflers besiege the Spanish-held town of Mons March 20 - Leislers Rebellion - New governor arrives in New York - Jacob Leisler surrenders after standoff of several hours March 29 - Siege of Mons ends to the city’s surrender May 6... Alexander VIII, né Pietro Vito Ottoboni (April 22, 1610 - February 1, 1691), pope from 1689 to 1691, was born of a noble Venetian family, and was the son of Marco Ottoboni, chancellor of the Republic of Venice. ... July 12 is the 193rd day (194th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 172 days remaining. ... Events March 5 - French troops under Marshal Louis-Francois de Boufflers besiege the Spanish-held town of Mons March 20 - Leislers Rebellion - New governor arrives in New York - Jacob Leisler surrenders after standoff of several hours March 29 - Siege of Mons ends to the city’s surrender May 6... September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... Innocent XII, né Antonio Pignatelli (March 13, 1615 - September 27, 1700) pope from 1691 to 1700, was the successor of Alexander VIII. He came of a distinguished Naples family and was educated at the Jesuit college in Rome. ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... // Events Pope Innocent XIII becomes pope Johann Sebastian Bach composes the Brandenburg Concertos April 4 - Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister of Britain September 10 - Treaty of Nystad is signed, bringing an end to the Great Northern War November 2 - Peter I is proclaimed Emperor of All the Russias... Clement XI, né Giovanni Francesco Albani (July 23, 1649 – March 19, 1721) was pope from 1700 to 1721. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... // Events Pope Innocent XIII becomes pope Johann Sebastian Bach composes the Brandenburg Concertos April 4 - Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister of Britain September 10 - Treaty of Nystad is signed, bringing an end to the Great Northern War November 2 - Peter I is proclaimed Emperor of All the Russias... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in leap years). ... Events January 14 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne February 20 - The premiere of Giulio Cesare, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, takes place in London June 23 - Treaty of Constantinople signed. ... Innocent XIII, né Michelangelo dei Conti (Poli, near Rome, May 13, 1655 – March 7, 1724 in Rome), pope from 1721 to 1724, became cardinal under Clement XI in 1706. ... Conti can refer to: an abbreviation for the German Continental Rubber Corporation. ... May 29 is the 149th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (150th in leap years). ... Events January 14 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne February 20 - The premiere of Giulio Cesare, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, takes place in London June 23 - Treaty of Constantinople signed. ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Pope Clement XII elected September 17 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754) Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina Births April 16 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. ... For Pedro de Luna, the last of the Avignon popes, see Antipope Benedict XIII. Benedict XIII, O.P., born Pietro Francesco Orsini, later Vincenzo Maria Orsini (Gravina di Puglia, February 2, 1649 – February 21, 1730), was pope from 1724 to 1730. ... Laudare, Benedicere, Praedicare Saint Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the needs of his time, one that would bring the dedication and systematic education of the older monastic orders to bear on the religious problems of the burgeoning population of cities, but with more... The Orsini family was a powerful noble family in medieval and renaissance Rome, supplying three popes and many other leaders, and fighting with their rivals, the Colonna family, for influence. ... July 12 is the 193rd day (194th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 172 days remaining. ... Events Pope Clement XII elected September 17 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754) Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina Births April 16 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events May 31 - Friedrich II comes to power in Prussia upon the death of his father, Friedrich Wilhelm I. October 20 - Maria Theresia of Austria inherits the Habsburg hereditary dominions (Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and present-day Belgium). ... Clement XII, born as Lorenzo Corsini (Florence, April 7, 1652 – Rome, February 6, 1740), Pope from 1730 to 1740, had been an aristocratic lawyer and financial manager under preceding pontiffs. ... Corsini is the name of a Florentine princely family and its estates History The founder is said to be Neri Corsini, who flourished about the year 1170. ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events May 31 - Friedrich II comes to power in Prussia upon the death of his father, Friedrich Wilhelm I. October 20 - Maria Theresia of Austria inherits the Habsburg hereditary dominions (Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and present-day Belgium). ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... 1758 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Benedict XIV, born Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini (Bologna, March 31, 1675 – May 3, 1758 in Rome), was Pope from 17 August 1740 to 3 May 1758. ...

Began AD 1758-2005

Pontificate Common English Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
6 July 1758 to 2 February 1769 Clement XIII Papa Clemens Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Carlo della Torre Rezzonico Venice, Veneto, Italy  
19 May 1769 to 22 September 1774 Clement XIV, O.F.M. Conv. Papa Clemens Quartus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli Sant'Arcangelo di Romagna, Italy Suppressed the Jesuit Order.
15 February 1775 to 29 August 1799 Pius VI Papa Pius Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Angelo Braschi Cesena, Italy Condemned the French Revolution and was expelled from the Papal States by French troops from 1798 until his death.
14 March 1800 to 20 August 1823 Pius VII, O.S.B. Papa Pius Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Barnaba Chiaramonti Cesena, Italy Present at Napoleon's coronation as Emperor of the French. Temporarily expelled from the Papal States by the French between 1809 and 1814.
28 September 1823 to 10 February 1829 Leo XII Papa Leo Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Annibale Sermattei della Genga Fabriano, Marche, Italy  
31 March 1829 to 1 December 1830 Pius VIII Papa Pius Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Francesco Saverio Castiglioni Cingoli, Marche, Italy  
2 February 1831 to 1 June 1846 Gregory XVI, O.S.B. Cam. Papa Gregorius Sextus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari Belluno, Veneto, Italy The last non-bishop to be elected
16 June 1846 to 7 February 1878 Pius IX, O.P.
Blessed Pius IX
Papa Pius Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti Senigallia, Marche, Italy Opened First Vatican Council; lost the Papal States to Italy. Longest serving pope in history (see note on St. Peter.)
20 February 1878 to 20 July 1903 Leo XIII Papa Leo Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci Carpineto Romano, Latium, Italy Laid down the seeds of Catholic Social Teaching through his encyclical, Rerum Novarum (On Capital and Labor) and supported Christian Democracy as against communism; he is the third-longest reigning pope after Pius IX (reigned for 31 years) and John Paul II (reigned for 26 years)
4 August 1903 to 20 August 1914 Pius X
Saint Pius X
Papa Pius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto Riese, Treviso, Veneto, Italy Encouraged and expanded reception of Holy Communion. Most recent pope to be canonized.
3 September 1914 to 22 January 1922 Benedict XV Papa Benedictus Quintus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giacomo Della Chiesa Genoa, Italy Credited for intervening for peace during World War I. He is remembered by Pope Benedict XVI as "prophet of peace."
6 February 1922 to 10 February 1939 Pius XI Papa Pius Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti Desio, Milan, Italy Signed the Lateran Treaty with Italy, establishing the Vatican City as a sovereign state.
2 March 1939 to 9 October 1958 Pius XII
Venerable Pius XII
Papa Pius Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli Rome, Italy Invoked papal infallibility in encyclical Munificentissimus Deus.
28 October 1958 to 3 June 1963 John XXIII
Blessed John XXIII
Papa Ioannes Vicesimus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Sotto il Monte, Bergamo, Italy Opened Second Vatican Council; sometimes called "Good Pope John"
21 June 1963 to 6 August 1978 Paul VI
Servant of God Paul VI
Papa Paulus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini Concesio, Brescia, Italy The last pope to be crowned with the Papal Tiara. Concluded Second Vatican Council.
26 August 1978 to 28 September 1978 John Paul I
Servant of God John Paul I
Papa Ioannes Paulus Primus, Episcopus Romanus Albino Luciani Forno di Canale (now Canale d'Agordo), Veneto, Italy First Pope to use 'the First' in regnal name. First pope with two names, for his two immediate predecessors.
16 October 1978 to 2 April 2005 John Paul II
Servant of God
Papa Ioannes Paulus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Karol Józef Wojtyła Wadowice, Poland First Polish pope and first non-Italian pope in 455 years. Canonized more saints than all predecessors. Longest serving Pope since Pius IX (1846-1878) and 2nd longest serving Pope to date (see note on St. Peter. ) Played sizable role in ending communism in Eastern Europe. He is fondly remembered as "Pope of the Youth" and as "the Pilgrim Pope" for his extensive official travel.

July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... 1758 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Clement XIII, born Carlo della Torre Rezzonico (Venice, March 7, 1693 – Rome, February 2, 1769), was Pope from 1758 to 1769. ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... Pope Clement XIV, born Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli (Sant Arcangelo di Romagna, 31 October 1705 – 22 September 1774 in Rome), was Pope from 1769 to 1774. ... Conventual Franciscans Headline text The Order of Friars founded by St, Francis of Assisi in 1209 The viability of the Franciscan movement after the founders death depended upon a thorough assessment of the Orders role within the social situation. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Pius VI, born Giovanni Angelo Braschi (December 27, 1717 – August 29, 1799), Pope from 1775 to 1799, was born at Cesena. ... The French Revolution (1789–1799) was a pivotal period in the history of French, European and Western civilization. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ... 1800 (MDCCC) was an exceptional common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Pius VII, O.S.B., born Barnaba Nicolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti (August 14, 1740 – August 20, 1823), was Pope from March 14, 1800 to August 20, 1823. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... Napoleon I Bonaparte, Emperor of the French, King of Italy, Mediator of the Swiss Confederation and Protector of the Confederation of the Rhine (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Leo XII, born Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo Nicola della Genga (August 22, 1760 – February 10, 1829), was Pope from 1823 to 1829. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Pope Pius VIII, born Francesco Saverio Castiglioni (November 20, 1761 – December 1, 1830), was Pope from 1829 to 1830. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Pope Gregory XVI, OSB (September 18, 1765 – June 1, 1846) born Bartolomeo Alberto Mauro Cappellari , was Pope from 1831 to 1846. ... Camaldolese Priory on Bielany in Kraków The Camaldolese are part of the Benedictine family of monastic orders founded by St. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Pius IX, born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti (May 13, 1792 – February 7, 1878), was Pope for a record pontificate (not counting the Apostle St. ... Laudare, Benedicere, Praedicare Saint Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the needs of his time, one that would bring the dedication and systematic education of the older monastic orders to bear on the religious problems of the burgeoning population of cities, but with more... The First Vatican Council was summoned by Pope Pius IX by the bull Aeterni Patris of June 29, 1868. ... The Papal States (Gli Stati della Chiesa or Stati Pontificii, States of the Church) was one of the major historical states of Italy before the boot-shaped peninsula was unified under the Piedmontese crown of Savoy (later a republic). ... Pius IX reigned for 31 years, 7 months and 23 days (11,560 days) from 1846 to 1878. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Pope Leo XIII, born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci (March 2, 1810 – July 20, 1903), was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, having succeeded Pope Pius IX (1846–78) on February 20, 1878 and reigning until his death in 1903. ... Rerum Novarum (Translation: Of New Things) is an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII on May 15, 1891. ... Christian Democracy is a heterogeneous political ideology and movement. ... The Blessed Pope Pius IX, born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, ( May 13, 1792 – February 7, 1878) was pope for a record pontificate of over 31 years, from June 16, 1846 until his death. ... Official papal image of John Paul II. His Holiness Pope John Paul II, né Karol Józef Wojtyła (born May 18, 1920 in Wadowice, Poland), is the current Pope — the Bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Pope Saint Pius X ( Latin: ) (June 2, 1835 — August 20, 1914), born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, was Pope from 1903 to 1914, succeeding Pope Leo XIII (1878–1903). ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Benedict XV (Latin: ), born Giacomo della Chiesa (November 21, 1854 – January 22, 1922), reigned as Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from September 3, 1914 to January 22, 1922; he succeeded Pope Pius X (1903–14). ... Papal Arms of Pope Benedict XVI. The papal tiara was replaced with a bishops mitre, and pallium of the Pope was added beneath the coat of arms. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Pope Pius XI (Latin: ) (May 31, 1857 – February 10, 1939), born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, reigned as Pope from February 6, 1922 and sovereign of Vatican City from 1929 until his death on February 10, 1939. ... The Lateran Treaties of February 11, 1929 provided for the mutual recognition of the then Kingdom of Italy and the Vatican City. ... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pope Pius XII (Latin: ), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (March 2, 1876 – October 9, 1958), reigned as the 260th pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, and sovereign of Vatican City State from March 2, 1939 until his death. ... Munificentissimus Deus (Latin for The most bountiful God) is the name of an Apostolic constitution written by Pope Pius XII. It defines ex cathedra the dogma of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 3 is the 154th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (155th in leap years), with 211 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Blessed Pope John XXIII (Latin: ), (Italian: Giovanni XXIII), born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (November 25, 1881 – June 3, 1963), was elected as the 261st Pope of the Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City on October 28, 1958. ... The Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, or Vatican II, was an Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church opened under Pope John XXIII in 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI in 1965. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Pope Paul VI (Latin: ), (Italian: Paolo VI), born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini (September 26, 1897 – August 6, 1978), reigned as Pope of the Catholic Church and as sovereign of Vatican City from 1963 to 1978. ... The Papal Tiara, also known as the Triple Tiara, or in Latin as the Triregnum, and in Italian as the Triregno, is the three-tiered jewelled papal crown, supposedly of Byzantine and Persian origin, that is a symbol of the Roman Catholic papacy. ... August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (239th in leap years). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... The Servant of God Pope John Paul I (in Latin ), born Albino Luciani (October 17, 1912 – September 28, 1978), reigned as pope and as sovereign of Vatican City from August 26, 1978 to September 28, 1978. ... Canale dAgordo is a town in the province of Belluno, in the region of Veneto, in northern Italy. ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... April 2 is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 273 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: ), (Italian: Giovanni Paolo II), born   (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005) reigned as Pope of the Catholic Church from October 16... Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada Miasta w Wadowicach Mayor Ewa Filipiak Area km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 19. ... The Blessed Pope Pius IX, born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, ( May 13, 1792 – February 7, 1878) was pope for a record pontificate of over 31 years, from June 16, 1846 until his death. ... Pius IX reigned for 31 years, 7 months and 23 days (11,560 days) from 1846 to 1878. ...

Began AD 2005

Pontificate Common English Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
19 April 2005 to present Benedict XVI Papa Benedictus Sextus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Joseph Alois Ratzinger Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany First German pope since Pope Adrian VI in 1523. (Although Adrian VI spoke German and was born in the Holy Roman Empire, it is in what is now Dutch territory; the previous German pope before him was Stephen IX.) Oldest to become pope since Clement XII in 1730. First modern Pope from a predominantly non-Catholic country.
His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI was elected in a papal conclave on April 19, 2005 and formally inaugurated during the papal inauguration mass on April 24, 2005.

April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Papal Arms of Pope Benedict XVI. The papal tiara was replaced with a bishops mitre, and pallium of the Pope was added beneath the coat of arms. ... Marktl am Inn Marktl am Inn (Little Market on the Inn River), or simply Marktl, is a village and historic market municipality in the state of Bavaria, Germany, near the Austrian border, in the Altötting district of Upper Bavaria. ... The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... The house where Adrian VI was born Adrian VI (also known as Hadrian VI or Adriano VI), born Adrian dEdel (March 2, 1459 - September 14, 1523), pope from 1522 to 1523, was born in Utrecht, the Netherlands, and studied under the Brethren of the Common Life either at Zwolle... Pope Stephen IX, orignally Archdeacon Frederick of Leige was a native of Germany, was pope from about July 14, 939 until his death towards the end of October, 942. ... Clement XII, né Lorenzo Corsini (Florence, April 7, 1652 - Rome, February 6, 1740) (pope 1730‑1740), a Florentine aristocrat, had been a lawyer and financial manager under preceding pontiffs. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1559x1536, 1268 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): 2005 Pope Benedict XVI List of popes His Holiness Papal conclave, 2005 Catholic Church hierarchy History... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1559x1536, 1268 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): 2005 Pope Benedict XVI List of popes His Holiness Papal conclave, 2005 Catholic Church hierarchy History... His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI, (born 1927) His Holiness the Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso (born 1935) His Holiness is the official style or manner of address in reference to the leaders of certain religious groups. ... The Papal conclave of 2005 was convoked due to the death of Pope John Paul II on April 2, 2005. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An inauguration is a ceremony of formal investiture whereby an individual assumes an office or position of authority. ... Pope Paul VI (1963-1978) is crowned at the last papal coronation to date, in 1963. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Notes on numbering of popes

A number of anomalies in the list given above need further explanation:

  • Felix II (356-357), Boniface VII (974, 984-985), John XVI (997-998), Benedict X (1058-1059) and Alexander V (1409-1410) are not listed because they are considered antipopes.
  • The numbering of popes named Felix has been amended to omit antipope Felix II. However, most lists still call the last two Felixes Felix III and Felix IV. Additionally, there was an antipope Felix V.
  • There has never been a pope John XX as a result of confusion of the numbering system in the 11th century.
  • Pope-elect Stephen, who died before being consecrated, is not on the Vatican's official list of popes since 1961, but appears on lists dating from before 1960. The numbering of following popes called Stephen are nowadays given as Pope Stephen II to Pope Stephen IX, rather than Stephen III to Stephen X.
  • When Simon de Brion became pope in 1281, he chose to be called Martin. At that time, Marinus I and Marinus II were mistakenly considered to be Martin II and Martin III respectively, and so, erroneously, Simon de Brion became Pope Martin IV.
  • In legend, an English woman reigned as Pope Joan following the death of Leo IV, from 855 to 858. However, this is impossible: Leo IV was immediately succeeded by Benedict III and was challenged by an antipope during that time.
  • Pope Donus II, said to have reigned about 974, never existed. The belief resulted from the confusion of the title dominus (lord) with a proper name.
  • The status of Antipope John XXIII was uncertain for hundreds of years, and was finally settled in 1958 when the man known as Good Pope John announced his own name as John XXIII. Baldassare Cossa, who was Antipope John XXIII, served as a Cardinal of the reunited church before his death in 1419 and his remains are found in the Battistero di San Giovanni (Florence).

Felix II is generally considered an antipope rather than a pope. ... Boniface VII (died July 20, 985), who attained the papal chair in 974, is sometimes styled an antipope. ... John XVI (originally John Piligato or Philagathus) (died 1013?) was an Italian antipope between 997 and 998. ... Pope Benedict X (reigned 1058-1059; died ca. ... Alexander V (Peter Philarges c. ... Antipope Felix V, the last historical Antipope. ... Felix II is generally considered an antipope rather than a pope. ... Felix III was pope from March 13, 483 to 492. ... Felix IV was Pope from 526 to 530. ... Amadeus VIII (1383 - November 7, 1451), surnamed the Peaceful was the Count of Savoy from 1391 to 1416 and the Duke of Savoy from 1416 to 1440. ... There has never been a Pope John XX. Some 11th century historians believed that there had been a pope named John between antipope Boniface VII and the actual Pope John XV; thus, the series of Pope John XV to Pope John XIX was mistakenly numbered John XVI to XX. These... Stephen, a priest of Rome elected pope in March of 752 to succeed Pope Zachary, died of apoplexy three days later, before being ordained a bishop. ... Stephen, elected pope in March of 752 to succeed Pope Zacharias, died of apoplexy three days later, before being consecrated. ... Pope Stephen IX, orignally Archdeacon Frederick of Leige was a native of Germany, was pope from about July 14, 939 until his death towards the end of October, 942. ... Marinus I (or Martin II), Pope between December 16, 882- May 15, 884. ... Marinus II (Martin III), born in Rome, was Pope from 942 to 946. ... Martin IV, né Simon de Brion (ca. ... The Papess, a Marseilles tarot card of the 18th century, depicts a female Pope. ... Leo IV, pope from 847 to 855, was a Roman by birth, and was unanimously chosen to succeed Sergius II. His pontificate was chiefly distinguished by his efforts to repair the damage done by the Saracens during the reign of his predecessor to various churches of the city, especially those... Benedict III was Pope from 855 to 7 April 858. ... Antipope Felix V, the last historical Antipope. ... Antipope John XXIII Baldassare Cossa, (about 1370 – November 22, 1419), also known as John XXIII,was Pope or antipope during the Western Schism (1410–1415) and is now officially regarded by the Catholic Church as an antipope. ... The Battistero di San Giovanni (Baptistery of St John) is believed to be the oldest building in Florence. ...

See also

Antipope Felix V, the last historical Antipope. ... The Book of the Popes or the Liber Pontificalis is a major source for early medieval history but was also met with intense critical scrutiny. ... Since the 13th century, a discipline of the Catholic Church has required priests in Latin Rite (i. ... Pius IX reigned for 31 years, 7 months and 23 days (11,560 days) from 1846 to 1878. ... Urban VII, the shortest-reigning pope This is the list of 10 shortest-reigning popes. ... Since 1400 † The exact birth date of Innocent VIII and almost all popes prior to Eugene IV is unknown, therefore the lowest probable age has been assumed for this table. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Eight popes have had German ancestry, including Hadrian VI whose ancestors were from present-day Germany. ... Sixteen popes have had French ancestry, all in the second half of the medieval era. ... There have been three African popes of the Roman Catholic Church. ... This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Popes buried in St. ...

References

  • John N.D. Kelly, The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, Oxford University Press, 1986.
  • AA.VV., Enciclopedia dei Papi, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia italiana, 2000.
  • Pontificia Amministrazione della Patriarcale Basilica di San Paolo, I Papi. Venti secoli di storia, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2002.

External links

  • PopeChart.com
  • Catholic Encyclopedia
  • Giga-Catholic Information

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The pope, as bishop of Rome, thus is seen to have full and supreme power of jurisdiction over the universal church in matters of faith and morals, as well as in church discipline and government.
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The pope is the Catholic Patriarch and Bishop of Rome, and leader of the Catholic Church.
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The historical lists of the popes, from those drawn up in the second century to those of the present day, form in themselves a considerable body of literature.
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