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Encyclopedia > List of political parties in Pakistan
Pakistan

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Pakistan
Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Pakistan. ... In recent history, the Pakistani political processess have taken place in the framework of a federal republic, where the system of government has at times been parliamentary, presidential, or semi-presidential. ...



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Political parties in Pakistan lists political parties in Pakistan. Pakistan has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. Government of Pakistan (Urdu: حکومتِ پاکستان)The Constitution of Pakistan provides for a Federal Parliamentary System of government, with a President as the Head of State and an indirectly-elected Prime Minister as the chief executive. ... The President of Pakistan (Urdū: صدر مملکت Sadr-e-Mumlikat) is the head of state of Pakistan. ... Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: ) (born 11 August 1943, Delhi) is the current President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ... The Prime Minister of Pakistan, in Urdu وزیر اعظم Wazir-e- Azam meaning Grand Vizier, is the Head of Government of Pakistan. ... Bold text Majlis-e-Shoora (Urdu: مجلس شوری) (Council of Advisors in Urdu, although referred to as Parliament) is the bicameral federal legislature of Pakistan that consists of the Senate (upper house) and the National Assembly (lower house). ... The Senate of Pakistan is the upper House of the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan. ... The current Chairman (presiding officer) of the Senate of Pakistan is Muhammad Mian Soomro The first Chairman of the Senate was Justice Khan Habibullah Khan. ... The National Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan. ... The Supreme Judicial Council of Pakistan is a body of judges empowered under Article 209 of the constitution of Pakistan to hear cases of misconduct against judges. ... The Supreme Court (Urdu: عدالت عظمیٰ ) is the apex court in Pakistans judicial hierarchy, the final arbiter of legal and constitutional disputes. ... The Chief Justice of Pakistan heads the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ... The Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan consists of 8 muslim judges including the Chief Justice. ... The Chief Justice heads the Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan. ... There are four High Courts of Pakistan, these are based in the capital cities of the four provinces. ... The District Courts of Pakistan are courts that operate at the district level, they are controlled by the high courts. ... Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) (Urdu: متحدہ مجلس عمل ) (United Council of Action) is a coalition between religious-political parties in Pakistan. ... MQMs Political Flag Muttahida Qaumi Movement (Urdu: متحدہ قومی موومنٹ) generally known as MQM or simply Muttahida, is one of the largest political parties in Pakistan. ... The Pakistan Muslim League (N) (Urdu: پاکستان مسلم لیگ ن) is a political party in Pakistan. ... PML-Q flag The Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid-e-Azam), or PML-Q (Urdu: پاکستان مسلم لیگ ق) is a centrist political party in Pakistan, which was formed by Pervez Musharraf. ... The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) (Urdu: پاکستان پیپلز پارٹی ) is a mainstream centre-left political party in Pakistan. ... The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (Urdu: پاکستان تحريک انصاف) (Pakistan Movement for Justice) is a political party in Pakistan. ... Political parties in Pakistan lists political parties in Pakistan. ... The Provincial Governors is the head of the province in Pakistan. ... Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan. ... The Government of North West Frontier Province (NWFP) is in Peshawar, the provincial capital of the North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan. ... ... Government of Sindh is based in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... For the capital of Pakistan, see Islamabad. ... The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are areas of Pakistan outside the four provinces, comprising a region of some 27,220 km² (10,507 mi²). // The FATA are bordered by: Afghanistan to the west with the border marked by the Durand Line, the North-West Frontier Province and the Punjab... This article details only the area administered by Pakistan. ... This article details only the area administered by Pakistan. ... The 2001 Local Government Ordnance provides for devolution of government to district administrations. ... The Districts of Pakistan form the third tier of government in Pakistan, ranking as subdivisions of the provinces of Pakistan. ... // Karachi is the largest city in Pakistan with its population being the second largest in the world after Mumbai. ... Union Councils of Pakistan are local governments in Pakistan. ... Pakistan is the second largest Muslim country in terms of population (behind Indonesia), and its status as a declared nuclear power, being the only Islamic nation to have that status, plays a part in its international role. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... A multi-party system is a type of party system. ... A coalition government, or coalition cabinet, is a cabinet in parliamentary government in which several parties cooperate. ...

Contents

Parties active in national and provincial politics

Major parties and coalitions

1.Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians (PPPP), the parliamentary wing of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) was founded in 1967, on November 30 by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto who became its first chairman and later Prime Minister of Pakistan. This party has been active in Pakistani Politics after the separation of East Wing from the rest of Pakistan. The party gained much popularity and support from masses in in era of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The party won the 1971 elections on socialist mandate of "Roti, Kapra, Makan" (Bread, Clothes & Shelter). PPP took control of the country after the Indian supported Civil War of 1971. After the first parliamentary term, PPP secured a landslide victory in 1977 elections to rule for further five years. The Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians (PPPP) is a party created by the Pakistan Peoples Party in order to contest the October 2002 National Assembly elections. ... The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) (Urdu: پاکستان پیپلز پارٹی ) is a mainstream centre-left political party in Pakistan. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (Urdu: , IPA: ; Sindhi: ذوالفقار علي ڀُٽو) (January 5, 1928 – April 4, 1979) was a Pakistani politician who served as the President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973 and as Prime Minister from 1973 to 1977. ... The Prime Minister of Pakistan, in Urdu وزیر اعظم Wazir-e- Azam meaning Grand Vizier, is the Head of Government of Pakistan. ...


Opposition parties claimed that the election was heavily rigged by PPP. Tensions mounted and despite the agreement was reached between opposition and PPP, martial law was imposed in the country by Gen. Zia ul Haq. Bhutto was hanged in 1977 after a very controversial trial in which he was found guilty of murder of a political opponent. His daughter Benazir Bhutto was elected twice as the prime minister but her government was dismissed both times on corruption charges, none of them proven in the court despite many years of proceedings. Benazir Bhutto (Urdu: بینظیر بھٹو, IPA: ; Sindhi:بینظیر ڀُٽو ) (born 21 June 1953 in Karachi) is a Pakistani politician who became the first elected woman to lead a post-colonial Muslim state. ...


PPP (Pakistan People’s Party) was a socialist nationalist party when formed by Zalfikar Ali Bhutto, but moved toward the right under Benazir Bhutto. Zalfikar Ali Bhutto wanted closer ties with China and more attention to the lower classes. Benazir Bhutto adopted conservative privatization policies in order to secure funding from the United States and the World Bank. Although twice elected Prime Minister, Benazir Bhutto was criticized for corruptions and extra-judicial killings.


The PPP currently holds 81 seats in the national assembly and 11 seats in the senate. It forms the provincial government in Sindh is the official opposition in Punjab. In the Angus-Reid pre-election polls of 22-December-2007, it was in first place, with about 30% of the vote. It is strong in the rural areas of Sindh and Punjab.


2. Pakistan Muslim League (N) (PML "Nawaz group")is a centrist conservative party that has been led from Saudi Arabia by Nawaz Sharif. It currently holds 19 seats in the national assembly and 4 seats in the senate. Although twice elected as Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif was criticized for wide-spread corruption and extra-judicial killings. In the Angus-Reid pre-election polls of 22-December, the PML/N was in second place, with about 25% of the vote. It is strong in Punjab province. The Pakistan Muslim League (N) (Urdu: پاکستان مسلم لیگ ن) is a political party in Pakistan. ... Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif (Urdu: میاں محمد نواز شریف ) (born December 10, 1949 in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan)[1] is a Pakistani politician. ...


3. Pakistan Muslim League (Q) (PML "Quaid-i-Azam group"), the party supporting current president, Pervez Musharraf), and officially called Pakistan Muslim League. PML/Q is a centrist conservative party that forms the current national government. It currently holds 142 seats in the national assembly and 43 seats in the senate. The PML/Q formed from the split of the PML following the arrest and exile of PML leader and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The PML/Q absorbed some minor parties through power-sharing agreements. PML-Q flag The Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid-e-Azam), or PML-Q (Urdu: پاکستان مسلم لیگ ق) is a centrist political party in Pakistan, which was formed by Pervez Musharraf. ... Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: ) (born 11 August 1943, Delhi) is the current President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ...


Although initially popular, Musharraf has been criticized for supporting the US invasion of Afghanistan and suspension of legal rights. In the Angus-Reid pre-election polls of 22-December-2007, the PML/Q was in third place, with about 23% of the vote. It is strong in urban areas of the two large provinces (Punjab and Sindh). It forms the provincial government in Punjab.


4. Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), previously known as Mohajir Qaumi Movement. The party was formed firstly as student's organization in University of Karachi as the All Pakistan Muhajir Student Organization (APMSO) in 11 June 1978. This student organization was founded when the thousands of Mohajir students (Urdu-speaking immigrants from India after partition) were deprived of their rights and jobs in both private & government organizations. The students were faced with harsh quotas introduced by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto which deprived Mohajir students of their seats in Universities and higher educational institutions. That led to the formation of the Mohajir Qaumi Movement in 1984. The name was changed to Mutthaida Qaumi Movement in 1997 in order to fight for the rights of 98% oppressed people in Pakistan. Altaf Hussain is the head of this political organiztion. MQM currently holds 25 seats in the national assembly and 7 seats in the senate. It is the official opposition in Sindh province. In the Angus Reid poll of 22-December, the MQM was in sixth place, with 2% of the vote MQMs Political Flag Muttahida Qaumi Movement (Urdu: متحدہ قومی موومنٹ) generally known as MQM or simply Muttahida, is one of the largest political parties in Pakistan. ... The University of Karachi (Urdu: جامعہ كراچى ) is located in the city of Karachi, Province of Sindh, Pakistan. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the founder and leader of MQM. For the journalist, see Altaf Husain. ...


5. Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal, a coalition of six religious parties consisting of the Jamaat-e-Islami (JI), Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) (Assembly of Islamic Clergy, Fazl-ur-Rahman Group), Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (S) (Assembly of Islamic Clergy, Sami-ul-Haq Group) Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan (Assembly of Pakistani Clergy), Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan, Jamiat Ahle Hadith and a few more. The religious alliance forms the government in Northwest Frontier Province. It leads the coalition government in Balochistan with PML Quaid-e-Azam. Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) (Urdu: متحدہ مجلس عمل ) (United Council of Action) is a coalition between religious-political parties in Pakistan. ... Jamaat-e-Islami (Arabic: جماعتِ اسلامی, Islamic Assembly Jamaat, JI) is an Islamic political movement founded in Lahore by Syed Abul Ala Maududi on 26 August 1941. ... The Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Assembly of Islamic Clergy) is a political party in Pakistan. ... The Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan (Assembly of Pakistani Clgery) is a political party in Pakistan. ... North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is geographically the smallest of the four provinces of Pakistan. ... Balochistan, or Ballsforchinstan, Balochi, Pashto, Urdu: بلوچستان) is a province in Pakistan, the largest in the country by geographical area. ... Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah (referred to in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam, or Great Leader, which is a legally defined title) (December 25, 1876 - September 11, 1948) was an Indian Muslim nationalist, who led the movement demanding a separate homeland for Muslims in...


6. United Alliance Party, (PUA) - is a political party in Pakistan. The party was created after the 2008 election in order to achieve what every Pakistani, and every muslim desires, which is peace and progress. PUA is created by a small like minded people in the United States, and its members are those who live all over the globe., After sitting back and watching our beloved country come apart we took an alligience to promote that all Islamic states need to come together and create an alliance which would surpass any competition through economic, social, and military power. We will create a nation where terrorism, prejudice, and poverty is a thing from the past, where a state is never left out because of its' size or monetary value, we are one, we are the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.



MMA is de-centrist. It is the official opposition nationally. It is strong in the two small provinces. It is legally ultra-conservative and economically socialist. It strongly opposes US military presence in Pakistan. It currently holds 63 seats in the national assembly and 21 seats in the senate. In the Angus-Reid pre-election pollsof 22-December, the MMA was in fifth place, with 4% of the vote.


7. Twelve other parties hold a total of 20 seats in the national assembly and 18 seats in the senate. The PTI party led by Imran Khan is boycotting the elections, but was in fourth place in the Angus-Reid poll of 22-December, with 6% of the vote. The PTI is strong in NWFP, where it forms the official opposition.


Minor parties

The Awami National Party (ANP, Awami meaning People)) is a nationalist political party (leftist) in Pakistan. ... The Balochistan National Party is a regional political party in Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Communist Party of Pakistan, a communist political party in Pakistan. ... The Communist Party of Pakistan was created in 1948 with Sajjad Zaheer as its General Secretary. ... Green Party of Pakistan is a Green party for the country of Pakistan, proposed first in 1998 [1] and founded on 13 July 2004 [2]. Categories: Politics stubs | Green political parties ... The Jamhoori Wattan Party (Republican National Party) is a political party in Pakistan. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Millat Party was formed by Sardar Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari, former president of Pakistan, once he was no longer the president, and needed a platform to survive politically. ... Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party (Urdu: پشتونخواہ مِلّی عوامی پارٹی ) is political party in Pakistan. ... The Pakistan Awami Tehrik (Urdu: پاکستان عوامي تحريک) (Pakistan Peoples Movement) is a political party in Pakistan. ... The Pakistan Democratic Party is a political party in Pakistan. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Pakistan Peoples Party-S is a political party in Pakistan, that split away from the Pakistan Peoples Party. ... The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (Urdu: پاکستان تحريک انصاف) (Pakistan Movement for Justice) is a political party in Pakistan. ... Pasban (Urdu: پاسبان ) (Pasban means: Sentinel, Guard, Watchman, Defender), it could refer to: Pasban (Jamaat-e-Islami), a youth wing of Jamaat-e-Islami. ... An engineer by education and trader by profession, Altaf Shakoor is the leader of Pasban (The Defenders), a Pakistani socio-political organization which has its famous slogan Pasban. ... The Sindh Democratic Alliance is a regional political party in Pakistan. ... Sindh National Front (S.N.F.) is a political party in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. ... Sindh Taraqi Pasand Party formarly called Jeay Sindh Taraqi Pasand Party is also the part of Sain G. M. Sayeds Jeay Sindh Tehreeq, the main agenda of the party is Provencial atonomy. ... Tehrik-e-Istiqlal (Urdu: تحریک استقلال ) is a major political party in Pakistan. ...

Parties in Parliament

  • Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians, PPPP – 120
  • Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz), PML (N) – 90
  • Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid-i-Azam), PML (Q) – 51
  • Muttahida Qaumi Movement, MQM – 25
  • Awami National Party, ANP – 13
  • Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal, MMA – 6
  • Pakistan Muslim League (Functional) – 5
  • Pakistan Peoples Party (Sherpao) – 1
  • National Peoples Party – 1
  • Balochistan National Party (Awami) – 1
  • Independent candidates – 19

The Parliament of Pakistan is bicameral, consisting of the National Assembly of Pakistan and the Senate. National Assembly elections were last held on 21 February 2008. The Parliament of Pakistan is known as the Majlis-e-Shoora (Council of Advisors). ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... The National Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan. ... The Senate of Pakistan is the upper House of the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Composition of Parliament

Senate after February 2008 elections
Party Seats
PML  
MMA  
PPPP  
Mutahida Quomi Movement  
PML/N  
NAP  
PPP/S  
PkMAP  
ANP  
PML/F  
JWP  
BNP-Awami  
BNP-Mengal  
BNM/H  
Independents  
   
   
National Assembly elections, October 2008
Party Seats
PPPP 120
PML(N) 90
PML(Q) 51
MQM 25
ANP 13
MMA 6
PML/F 5
PPP/S 1
BNP 1
Independents 19

External links

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Political parties in Pakistan
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... In recent history, the Pakistani political processess have taken place in the framework of a federal republic, where the system of government has at times been parliamentary, presidential, or semi-presidential. ... Welcome to the index of political parties, an alphabetical list of (mainly) present-day political parties listed in the list of political parties. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This is a list of political parties around the world in the form of a table including links to the lists of political parties in the countries and entities listed in the list of countries, showing which party system... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This is a list of political parties around the world by ideology. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This is a list of political parties around the world by ideology. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) (Urdu: پاکستان پیپلز پارٹی ) is a mainstream centre-left political party in Pakistan. ... The Pakistan Muslim League (N) (Urdu: پاکستان مسلم لیگ Ù†) is a political party in Pakistan. ... PML-Q flag The Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid-e-Azam), or PML-Q (Urdu: پاکستان مسلم لیگ Ù‚) is a centrist political party in Pakistan, which was formed by Pervez Musharraf. ... MQMs Political Flag Muttahida Qaumi Movement (Urdu: متحدہ قومی موومنٹ) generally known as MQM or simply Muttahida, is one of the largest political parties in Pakistan. ... The Awami National Party (ANP, Awami meaning People)) is a nationalist political party (leftist) in Pakistan. ... Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) (Urdu: متحدہ مجلس عمل ) (United Council of Action) is a coalition between religious-political parties in Pakistan. ... The Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Assembly of Islamic Clergy) is a political party in Pakistan. ... Jamaat-e-Islami (Arabic: جماعتِ اسلامی, Islamic Assembly Jamaat, JI) is an Islamic political movement founded in Lahore by Syed Abul Ala Maududi on 26 August 1941. ... The Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan (Assembly of Pakistani Clgery) is a political party in Pakistan. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (Urdu: پاکستان تحريک انصاف) (Pakistan Movement for Justice) is a political party in Pakistan. ... The Balochistan National Party is a regional political party in Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party (Urdu: پشتونخواہ مِلّی عوامی پارٹی ) (PkMAP) is a political party in Pakistan. ... The Jamhoori Wattan Party (Republican National Party) is a political party in Pakistan. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This is an overview of political parties by country, in the form of a table with a link to a list of political parties in each country and showing which party system is dominant in each country . ... In recent history, the Pakistani political processess have taken place in the framework of a federal republic, where the system of government has at times been parliamentary, presidential, or semi-presidential. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Top20Pakistan.com - Your Top20 Guide to Pakistan! (5238 words)
Pakistan was an ally of the United States for much of its early history as a modern nation-state, from the 1950s and as a member of CENTO and SEATO.
Pakistan, a developing country, is the sixth most populous in the world and is faced with a number of challenges on the political and economic fronts.
Pakistan's religious demographics were altered by the partition of British India, which led to the fleeing of 7 million Muslims into Pakistan from India and 6 million Hindus and Sikhs from Pakistan to India and led to a larger Muslim majority than had previously existed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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