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Encyclopedia > List of political parties in Germany
Germany

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Germany
Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Germany. ... Politics of Germany takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Federal Chancellor is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



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This is a list of political parties in Germany. The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Federal States (Länder) of Germany at the federal level. ... Type Lower house President of the Bundestag Dr. Norbert Lammert, CDU since October 18, 2005 Members 614 Political groups (as of September 18, 2005 elections) Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union of Bavaria Bloc (226), Social Democratic Party of Germany (222), Free Democratic Party (61), The Left Party. ... The Federal Convention (Bundesversammlung) is a special body in the institutional system of Germany, convoked only for the purpose of selecting the Bundespräsident every five years. ... The Bundesverfassungsgericht The Federal Constitutional Court (in German: Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) is a special court established by the German constitutional document, the Grundgesetz (Basic Law). ... The Bundesgerichtshof or BGH (German for federal court) is the highest Germany for civil and criminal lawsuits. ... The President of Germany is Germanys head of state. ... Dr. Horst Köhler ( , born 22 February 1943) is the current President of Germany. ... The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler). ...   (IPA: ) (b. ... The Cabinet of Germany (German: Bundeskabinett, Bundesregierung) is the chief executive body of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... Elections in Germany gives information on election and election results in Germany, including elections to the Federal Diet (the lower house of the federal parliament), the Landtage of the various states, and local elections. ... This article is about the human rights situation in the Federal Republic of Germany. ... The Federal Republic of Germany is a Central European country and member of the European Union, Group of 8 and NATO (among others). ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Political Parties redirects here. ...


Germany has a multi-party system, with two large parties, three substantial smaller parties, and a number of minor parties. A multi-party system is a type of party system. ...

Contents

The parties

The following parties currently participate in the German parliament, the Bundestag, sorted by the number of seats (refer to the following links for details): Type Lower house President of the Bundestag Dr. Norbert Lammert, CDU since October 18, 2005 Members 614 Political groups (as of September 18, 2005 elections) Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union of Bavaria Bloc (226), Social Democratic Party of Germany (222), Free Democratic Party (61), The Left Party. ...

Other parties. In addition to those parties that won representation in the Bundestag in 2002, a variety of minor parties won a cumulative total of 3.0% of the vote, down from 5.9% in 1998. 22 other parties were on the ballot in one or more states, but not qualified for representation in the Bundestag. The far-right-wing (eg. neo-Nazi) parties remained fragmented and ineffectual at the national level. The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU — Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the second largest political party in Germany. ... The Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU – ) is a conservative political party in Germany. ... Christian democracy is a diverse political ideology and movement. ... The centre-right is a political term commonly used to describe or denote political parties or organizations (such as think tanks) that stretch from the centre to the right on the left-right spectrum, excluding far right stances. ... SPD redirects here. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... In politics, the term centre-left is commonly used to describe and denote political parties or organisations that stretch from the centre to the left or are moderately left-wing, as opposed to extreme left wing beliefs such as communism. ... The Free Democratic Party (German: Freie Demokratische Partei; FDP) is a liberal political party in Germany. ... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... The centre-right is a political term commonly used to describe or denote political parties or organizations (such as think tanks) that stretch from the centre to the right on the left-right spectrum, excluding far right stances. ... The Left (German: or ) is a German political party that came into being on 16 June 2007 as a merger of The Left Party. ... Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community[1] for the purposes of increasing social and economic equality and cooperation. ... Eurocommunism was a new trend in the 1970s and 1980s within various Western European communist parties to develop a theory and practice of social transformation that was more relevant in a Western European democracy and less aligned to the partyline of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... The Alliance 90/The Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen), the German Green party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... Green politics or Green ideology is the ideology of the Green Parties, mainly informed by environmentalism, ecosophy and sustainable economics and aimed at developing a sustainable society. ... In politics, the term centre-left is commonly used to describe and denote political parties or organisations that stretch from the centre to the left or are moderately left-wing, as opposed to extreme left wing beliefs such as communism. ...


Minor parties

More than 0.1% of the vote at the last federal elections

  • National Democratic Party of Germany (Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands - NPD): 1.6%
  • The Republicans (Die Republikaner - REP): 0.6%
  • The Grays – Gray Panther (Die grauen Panther - GRAUE): 0.4%
  • Family Party of Germany (Deutsche Familienpartei): 0.4%
  • Human Environment Animal Welfare (Mensch Umwelt Tierschutz): 0.2%
  • Party of Bible-abiding Christians (Partei Bibeltreuer Christen - PBC): 0.2%

There is open debate on rather facism is rightwing or not. ... There is open debate on rather facism is rightwing or not. ... The Grays – Gray Panthers (German: ) are a German political party and interest group founded by activist Trude Unruh. ... The Family Party of Germany is a minor German political party. ... Human Environment Animal Welfare (German: , short form: The Animal Welfare Party, German: ) is a political party in Germany. ... The Party of Bible-Abiding Christians (German: Partei Bibeltreuer Christen (PBC)) is a conservative Protestant Fundamentalist minor political party in Germany. ...

Others

Wolfgang Wendland, chancellor candidate of the APPD The Anarchistic Pogo Party of Germany (German: Anarchistische Pogo-Partei Deutschlands, or APPD) is the self-declared party of the Pöbel (mob) and social parasites. It was created in 1981 by two punks in Hannover and took part in the 1998 election... The Bavaria Party (German: Bayernpartei) is a political party in the state of Germany. ... The Communist Party Germany (Red Dawn) (German: Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands - Roten Morgen) is a minor German political party established in 1968 in Hamburg. ... Communist Party of Germany (in German: Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands) is a political party in Germany. ... The German Center Party (Deutsche Zentrumspartei) is a political party in Germany without parliamentary representation. ... Advertisement of the German Communist Party, Those who take nothing from the rich can give nothing to the poor. ... The Christian Centre Party (Christliche Mitte) is a Christian political party in Germany without parliamentary representation. ... The Ecological Democratic Party (German: Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei, ÖDP) is an environmentalist political party in Germany. ... The Feminist Party of Germany (Feministische Partei Die Frauen) is a political party in Germany. ... The Law and Order Offensive Party (German: Partei Rechtsstaatlicher Offensive), short form Offensive D (the D means Deutschland/Germany) is a minor political party in Germany. ... The Marxist Leninist Party of Germany (Marxistisch-Leninistische Partei Deutschlands) is a political party in Germany without parliamentary representation. ... Die PARTEI (English: the party) is a populist political party in Germany founded in 2004 by editors of the German satirical magazine Titanic. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The South Schleswig Voter Federation (German: Südschleswigscher Wählerverband, Danish: Sydslesvigsk Vælgerforening, Frisian: Söödschlaswiksche Wäälerferbånd) is a minor political party in Schleswig-Holstein in northern Germany. ...

Historical parties

Parties existing before World War II

The Bavarian Peoples Party (Bayerische Volkspartei) was the Bavarian branch of the Centre Party, which broke off from the rest of the party in 1919 to pursue a more conservative, Bavarian particularist, course. ... The factual accuracy of this article is Germany during the Kaiserreich and the Weimar Republic. ... 1932 KPD poster, End This System The Communist Party of Germany (German Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands – KPD) was a major political party in Germany between 1918 and 1933, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period. ... The Communist Party Opposition (in German, Kommunistische Partei-Opposition or KPD-Opposition - KPD-O, KPDO or KPO) was a communist organisation functioning in Germany from 1928 to 1939 or 40. ... The Conservative Peoples Party (Konservative Volkspartei or KVP) was a short-lived German political party of the moderate right. ... The Free Conservative Party (Freikonservative Partei or FKP) was a German political party of the Second Reich, founded in 1866. ... The General German Workers Association, in German Allgemeiner Deutscher Arbeiterverein, ADAV) was founded on 23 May 1863 by Ferdinand Lassalle and existed under this name until 1875, when it combined with August Bebel and Wilhelm Liebknechts SDAP to form the Socialist Workers Party of Germany, what is now the... For the Independent Social Democratic Party of Romania, see Romanian Social Democratic Party (defunct). ... The German Conservative Party (Deutsche Konservative Partei or DKP) was a German political party of the Second Reich, founded in 1876. ... The German Democratic Party, or Deutsche Demokratische Partei (DDP), was founded by leaders of the former Progressive Peoples Party (Fortschrittliche Volkspartei) and the left wing of the National Liberal Party (Nationalliberale Partei) in the early days of the Weimar Republic. ... This article is part of or related to the Liberalism series Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | German political parties | Historical liberal parties ... 1924 electoral poster, using the Admiral Tirpitz as a figurehead The German National Peoples Party (German: Deutschnationale Volkspartei) (DNVP) was a right wing national-conservative party in Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic. ... This page is about the German Peoples Party which existed between 1918 and 1933. ... The German Progress Party (Deutsche Fortschrittspartei or DFP) was the first modern political party with a programm in Germany, founded by the liberal members of the Prussian Lower House in 6 June 1861. ... The German Workers Party (German: Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, short DAP) was a briefly existing progenitor of the NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers Party). ... The National Liberal Party (Nationalliberale Partei) was a German political party which flourished between 1867 and 1918. ... The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: , or NSDAP, commonly known as the Nazi Party), was a political party in Germany between 1919 and 1945. ... The Progressive Peoples Party (Fortschrittliche Volkspartei or FVP) was a left-liberal party of late Imperial Germany. ... SPD redirects here. ... The Social Democratic Workers Party of Germany, in German Sozialdemokratische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands, SDAP, was a German left-wing political party founded in 1869 in Eisenach, Germany by, among others, Wilhelm Liebknecht and August Bebel. ... SPD redirects here. ... The Socialist Workers Party of Germany, in German Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands, SAP / SAPD, was the name of two political parties in Germany. ... SPD redirects here. ... The Socialist Workers Party of Germany, in German Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands, SAP / SAPD, was the name of two political parties in Germany. ...

Defunct parties in (former) West Germany

The German Party (Deutsche Partei) is a minor German political party. ... There is open debate on rather facism is rightwing or not. ... Deutsche Rechtspartei (German Right Party) was a German right wing political party that emerged after the Second World War. ... 1932 KPD poster, End This System The Communist Party of Germany (German Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands – KPD) was a major political party in Germany between 1918 and 1933, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period. ... The Socialist Reich Party (German: Sozialistische Reichspartei) was a German political party founded in the aftermath of the Second World War, in 1949, as an openly National Socialist and Hitler-admiring split from the Deutsche Rechtspartei. ...

Parties in (former) East Germany

As a socialist state

The Christian Democratic Union of Germany was an East German political party founded in 1945. ... The Liberal Democratic Party of Germany (German: Liberal-Demokratische Partei Deutschlands (LDPD)) was a political party in East Germany. ... The Democratic Farmers Party of Germany (German: Demokratische Bauernpartei Deutschlands (DBD)) was an East German political party. ... The National Democratic Party (German: Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands, or NDPD) was an East German political party that acted as an organisation for former members of the NSDAP and the Wehrmacht. ... The party emblem represented the handshake between Communist Wilhelm Pieck and Social Democrat Otto Grotewohl when their parties merged in 1946 The Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) (German: Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands) was the governing party of East Germany from its formation in 1949 until the elections of 1990. ...

During transition

Alliance 90 (Bündnis 90) was an alliance of opposition groups in East Germany. ... The Alliance for Germany (German: Allianz für Deutschland) was an opposition coalition in East Germany. ... The Association of Free Democrats (German: Bund Freier Demokraten) was a liberal coalition formed in East Germany on 12 February 1990. ... Democracy Now (German: Demokratie Jetzt) was an opposition movement in East Germany. ... Democratic Awakening (German: Demokratischer Aufbruch) was an East German opposition political movement. ... The Green Party in East Germany was founded in February 1990. ... The Free Democratic Party (GDR) (German:Freie Demokratische Partei (DDR)) was an opposition political party in East Germany. ... The German Forum Party (German:Deutsche Forumpartei) was an opposition political party in East Germany. ... German Social Union (German: Deutsche Soziale Union) was an East German conservative opposition group. ... The Initiative for Peace and Human Rights (German: Initiative für Frieden und Menschenrechte) was the oldest opposition group in East Germany. ... New Forum (German: Neues Forum) was an opposition movement in East Germany. ...

See also

Welcome to the index of political parties, an alphabetical list of (mainly) present-day political parties listed in the list of political parties. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This is a list of political parties around the world in the form of a table including links to the lists of political parties in the countries and entities listed in the list of countries, showing which party system... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This is a list of political parties around the world by ideology. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This is a list of political parties around the world by ideology. ... Following Germanys defeat in World War II and the beginning of the Cold War, Germany was split, representing the focus of the two global blocs in the east and west. ... This article aims to give an historical overview of liberalism in Germany. ...

External links

  • Political Parties (Germany) - List of German political parties since 1949
  • Election Posters from German political parties since 1918 (German)

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