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Encyclopedia > List of philosophers

For a comprehensive list of Philosophers (and others important in the history of philosophy), see the following pages: A philosopher is a person who thinks deeply regarding people, society, the world, and/or the universe. ...

Philosophers born in the centuries BC (and others important in the history of philosophy), listed alphabetically: See also: List of philosophers List of philosophers born in the centuries BC List of philosophers born in the first through tenth centuries List of philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth centuries List... Philosophers born in the first through tenth centuries (and others important in the history of philosophy), listed alphabetically: See also: List of philosophers List of philosophers born in the centuries BC List of philosophers born in the first through tenth centuries List of philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth... Philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth centuries (and others important in the history of philosophy), listed alphabetically: See also: List of philosophers List of philosophers born in the centuries BC List of philosophers born in the first through tenth centuries List of philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth... Philosophers born in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries (and others important in the history of philosophy), listed alphabetically: See also: List of philosophers List of philosophers born in the centuries BC List of philosophers born in the first through tenth centuries List of philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth... Philosophers born in the seventeenth century (and others important in the history of philosophy), listed alphabetically: See also: List of philosophers List of philosophers born in the centuries BC List of philosophers born in the first through tenth centuries List of philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth centuries List... Philosophers born in the eighteenth century (and others important in the history of philosophy), listed alphabetically: See also: List of philosophers List of philosophers born in the centuries BC List of philosophers born in the first through tenth centuries List of philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth centuries List... Philosophers born in the nineteenth century (and others important in the history of philosophy), listed alphabetically: See also: List of philosophers List of philosophers born in the centuries BC List of philosophers born in the first through tenth centuries List of philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth centuries List... Philosophers born in the twentieth century (and others important in the history of philosophy), listed alphabetically: See also: List of philosophers List of philosophers born in the centuries BC List of philosophers born in the first through tenth centuries List of philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth centuries List... Living philosophers and academics of philosophy (and others important in the history of philosophy), listed alphabetically: See also: List of philosophers List of philosophers born in the centuries BC List of philosophers born in the first through tenth centuries List of philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth centuries List...

Major philosophers

A-B

Max Horkheimer (front left), Theodor Adorno (front right), and Jürgen Habermas in the background, right, in 1965 at Heidelberg. ... Albertus Magnus (fresco, 1352, Treviso, Italy) Albertus Magnus (1193? - 1280), also known as Saint Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, was a Dominican friar who became famous for his universal knowledge and advocacy for the peaceful coexistence of science and religion. ... Saint Anselm of Canterbury (1033 or 1034 – April 21, 1109), a widely influential medieval philosopher and theologian, held the office of Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109. ... Saint Thomas Aquinas [Thomas of Aquin, or Aquino] (c. ... Aristotle, marble copy of bronze by Lysippos, Louvre, Paris Aristotle (Ancient Greek: Aristotélēs 384 – March 7, 322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. ... Aurelius Augustinus, Augustine of Hippo, or Saint Augustine (November 13, 354 – August 28, 430) was one of the most important figures in the development of Western Christianity. ... Averroes (Ibn Rushd) (1126 – December 10, 1198) was an Andalusian-Berber philosopher and physician who wrot in arabic, a master of philosophy and Islamic law, mathematics, and medicine. ... The works of Avicenna, the greatest of the medieval Persian physicians, played a crucial role in the European Renaissance. ... Sir Francis Bacon For other people named Francis Bacon, see Francis Bacon (disambiguation). ... Statue of Roger Bacon in the Oxford University Museum Roger Bacon (c. ... Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin (November 17, 1895 – March 7, 1975), a Russian philosopher and literary scholar, wrote influential works of literary and rhetorical theory and criticism. ... Jeremy Bentham (IPA: ) (February 15, 1748 – June 6, 1832) was an English gentleman, jurist, philosopher, and legal and social reformer. ... Henri-Louis Bergson (October 18, 1859 – January 4, 1941) was a major French philosopher, influential in the first half of the 20th century. ... Bishop George Berkeley George Berkeley (British English://; Irish English: //) (12 March 1685 – 14 January 1753), also known as Bishop Berkeley, was an influential Irish philosopher whose primary philosophical achievement is the advancement of what has come to be called subjective idealism, summed up in his dictum, Esse est percipi (To... Boethius teaching his students (initial from a 1385 Italian manuscript of the Consolation of Philosophy) Boethius redirects here. ... Bernard Bolzano Bernard Placidus Johann Nepomuk Bolzano (October 5, 1781 – December 18, 1848) was a Czech mathematician, theologian, philosopher and logician. ... Saint Bonaventura, John of Fidanza (1221 – July 15, 1274), was a Franciscan theologian. ... Bernard Bosanquet (June 14, 1848, Alnwick, Northumberland, England - February 8, 1923, London) was one of the chief philosophers in England who helped revive the idealism of G.W.F. Hegel. ... Francis Herbert Bradley (30 January 1846 - 18 September 1924) was a British philosopher. ... Franz Brentano Franz Clemens Honoratus Hermann Brentano (January 16, 1838 Marienberg am Rhein (near Boppard) - March 17, 1917 Zürich) was an influential figure in both philosophy and psychology. ... Edmund Burke The Right Honourable Edmund Burke (January 12, 1729 – July 9, 1797) was an Anglo-Irish statesman, author, orator and political philosopher, who served for many years in the British House of Commons as a member of the Whig party. ... Joseph Butler (May 18, 1692 - June 16, 1752) was an English bishop, theologian, apologist and philosopher. ...

C-F

Rudolf Carnap (May 18, 1891, Ronsdorf Germany - September 14, 1970, Los Angeles) was a philosopher, active in central Europe before 1935, and in the United States thereafter. ... Noam Chomsky Avram Noam Chomsky (b. ... Robin George Collingwood (February 22, 1889 - January 9, 1943), British philosopher and historian. ... Auguste Comte Auguste Comte (full name Isidore Marie Auguste François Xavier Comte) (January 17 (recorded January 19), 1798 - September 5, 1857) was a French positivist thinker and came up with the term of sociology to name the new science made by Saint-Simon. ... Benedetto Croce (February 25, 1866 - November 20, 1952) was an Italian critic, idealist philosopher, and political figure. ... Donald Davidson (March 6, 1917 – August 30, 2003) was an American philosopher and the Willis S. and Marion Slusser Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley. ... Hendrick ter Brugghen, Democritus Laughing (1629) Democritus (Greek: Δημόκριτος) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher (born at Abdera in Thrace around 450 BC; died in about 370 BC). ... René Descartes René Descartes (IPA: , March 31, 1596 – February 11, 1650), also known as Cartesius, worked as a philosopher and mathematician. ... John Dewey (October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer, whose thought has been greatly influential in the United States and around the world. ... Wilhelm Dilthey (November 19, 1833–October 1, 1911) was a German historian, psychologist, sociologist, student of Hermeneutics, the study of interpretations and meanings, and a philosopher. ... John Duns Scotus (c. ... Jonathan Edwards (October 5, 1703- March 22, 1758) was a colonial American Congregational preacher and theologian. ... Albert Einstein, photographed by Yousuf Karsh in 1948. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was a famous American author, poet, and philosopher. ... Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach (July 28, 1804 – September 13, 1872) was a German philosopher, the fourth son of the eminent jurist Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach. ... Johann Gottlieb Fichte (May 19, 1762 – January 27, 1814) was a German philosopher, who has significance in the history of Western philosophy as one of the leading progenitors of German idealism, forming a bridge between Immanuel Kant and the leading figure of German Idealism, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. ... Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Frege (8 November 1848, Wismar – 26 July 1925, Bad Kleinen) was a German mathematician who evolved into a logician and philosopher. ... Sigmund Freud, around 1921 Sigmund Freud (IPA: []) (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ...

G-L

Hans-Georg Gadamer Hans-Georg Gadamer (February 11, 1900 – March 13, 2002) was a German philosopher best known for his 1960 magnum opus, Truth and Method (Wahrheit und Methode). ... Saadia Ben Joseph Gaon (892-942), the Hebrew name of Said al-Fayyumi, was a rabbi who was also a prominent Jewish exilarch, philosopher, and exegete. ... Al-Ghazali Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazali (Arabic: ابو حامد محمد بن محمد الغزالى for short: الغزالى ) (born 1058 in Tus, Khorasan province of Persia, modern day Iran, died 1111 in Tus) was a Muslim theologian, and philosopher, known as Algazel to the Western Medieval world, Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali, or al-Ghazzali as it... Robert Grosseteste (c. ... Jürgen Habermas Jürgen Habermas (born June 18, 1929 in Düsseldorf, Germany) is a philosopher and social theorist in the tradition of critical theory. ... Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel [] (August 27, 1770–November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher born in Stuttgart, Württemberg, in present-day southwest Germany. ... Martin Heidegger (September 26, 1889 – May 26, 1976) was a German philosopher, considered by some to be one of the most influential philosophers of the 20th century. ... Heraclitus of Ephesus (Greek Ηρακλειτος Herakleitos) (about 535 - 475 BC), known as The Obscure, was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher. ... Hobbes redirects here. ... David Hume (April 26, 1711 – August 25, 1776)[1] was a Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian who is one of the most important figures of Western philosophy and of the Scottish Enlightenment. ... Edmund Husserl Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (April 8, 1859 - April 26, 1938, Freiburg) was a German philosopher, known as the father of phenomenology. ... Francis Hutcheson was the name of a famous father and son: Francis Hutcheson (philosopher) (1694-1746) Francis Hutcheson (songwriter) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... William James William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910) was a pioneering American psychologist and philosopher. ... Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804), was a German philosopher from Königsberg in East Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia). ... Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (IPA: ) (5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855) was a 19th century Danish philosopher and theologian, generally recognized as the first existentialist philosopher. ... Gottfried Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (July 1, 1646 in Leipzig - November 14, 1716 in Hannover) was a German philosopher, scientist, mathematician, diplomat, librarian, and lawyer of Sorb descent. ... Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (22 January 1729 – 15 February 1781), writer, philosopher, publicist, and art critic, was one of the most outstanding German representatives of the Enlightenment era. ... Clarence Irving Lewis (April 12, 1883 _ February 3, 1964) was a pragmatist philosopher. ... John Locke (August 29, 1632 – October 28, 1704) was an influential English philosopher. ... Georg Lukács (April 13, 1885 - June 4, 1971) was a Hegelian and Marxist philosopher and literary critic. ...

M-Q

Detail of the portrait of Machiavelli, ca 1500, in the robes of a Florentine public official Niccolò Machiavelli (May 3, 1469—June 21, 1527) was an Italian political philosopher during the Renaissance. ... Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon (Hebrew: רבי משה בן מיימון; Arabic: Mussa bin Maimun ibn Abdallah al-Kurtubi al-Israili; March 30, 1135—December 13, 1204), commonly known by his Greek name Maimonides, was a Jewish rabbi, physician, and philosopher. ... Nicolas Malebranche. ... Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818, Trier, Germany – March 14, 1883, London) was an immensely influential German philosopher, political economist, and socialist revolutionary. ... Alexius Meinong (July 17, 1853 - November 27, 1920) was an Austrian philosopher. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... John Stuart Mill (May 20, 1806 – May 8, 1873), an English philosopher and political economist, was an influential liberal thinker of the 19th century. ... George Edward Moore George Edward Moore, also known as G.E. Moore, (November 4, 1873 - October 24, 1958) was a distinguished and hugely influential English philosopher who was educated and taught at the University of Cambridge. ... Sir Isaac Newton, President of the Royal Society, (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727) [OS: 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727] was an English mathematician, physicist, astronomer, alchemist, chemist, inventor, and natural philosopher who is generally regarded as one of the most influential scientists and mathematicians in history. ... Nicholas of Cusa Nicholas of Cusa (1401 – August 11, 1464) was a German cardinal of the Catholic Church, a philosopher, jurist, mathematician, and an astronomer. ... Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (IPA:) (October 15, 1844–August 25, 1900), a German philologist and philosopher, produced critiques of contemporary culture, religion, and philosophy centered around a basic question regarding the positive and negative attitudes toward life of various systems of morality. ... Parmenides of Elea (5th century BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher born in Elea, a Greek city on the southern coast of Italy. ... Blaise Pascal (June 19, 1623–August 19, 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopher. ... Charles Sanders Peirce Charles Sanders Peirce (pronounced purse), (September 10, 1839 – April 19, 1914) was an American polymath, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Plato (Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn, wide, broad-shouldered) (c. ... Sir Karl Raimund Popper, CH, KT, MA, Ph. ... Hilary Whitehall Putnam (born July 31, 1926) is a key figure in the philosophy of mind during the 20th century. ... W. V. Quine Willard Van Orman Quine (June 25, 1908 - December 25, 2000) was one of the most influential American philosophers and logicians of the 20th century. ...

R-Z

John Rawls (February 21, 1921 – November 24, 2002) was an American philosopher, a professor of political philosophy at Harvard University and author of A Theory of Justice (1971), Political Liberalism, Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, and The Law of Peoples. ... Thomas Reid Thomas Reid (April 26, 1710 – October 7, 1796), Scottish philosopher, and a contemporary of David Hume, was the founder of the Scottish School of Common Sense, and played an integral role in the Scottish Enlightenment. ... Jean-Jacques Rousseau (June 28, 1712 – July 2, 1778) was a Genevan philosopher of the Enlightenment whose political ideas influenced the French Revolution, the development of socialist theory, and the growth of nationalism. ... Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970), was a British philosopher, logician, and mathematician, working mostly in the 20th century. ... Gilbert Ryle (1900–1976), was a philosopher, and a representative of the generation of British ordinary language philosophers influenced by Wittgensteins insights into language, and is principally known for his critique of Cartesian dualism, for which he coined the phrase the ghost in the machine. He referred to some... George Santayana George Santayana (16 December 1863 in Madrid, Spain – 26 September 1952 in Rome, Italy), was a philosopher, essayist, poet, and novelist. ... Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (IPA: or or ) (June 21, 1905 – April 15, 1980) was a French existentialist philosopher, dramatist, novelist and critic. ... This article is about the the German philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling. ... Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher. ... Wilfrid Stalker Sellars (May 20, 1912 - July 2, 1989) was an American philosopher. ... Socrates (Greek: , invariably anglicized assɔkɹətiːz, Sǒcratēs; 470?–399 BCE) was a ancient Greek philosopher who is widely credited for laying the foundation for Western philosophy. ... Steven de Spinoza (November 24, 1632 – February 21, 1677), named Stefan Spinoza by his synagogue elders and known as Bento de Espinosa or Bento dEspiñoza in his native Amsterdam, was a Dutch philosopher. ... Professor Sir Peter Frederick Strawson (November 23, 1919 – 13 February 2006) was an English philosopher. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Giambattista Vico or Giovanni Battista Vico (1668–1744) was a Neapolitan philosopher, historian, and jurist. ... Maximilian Weber (IPA: []) (April 21, 1864 – June 14, 1920) was a German political economist and sociologist who is considered one of the founders of the modern study of sociology and public administration. ... Alfred North Whitehead, OM (February 15, 1861 – December 30, 1947) was a British mathematician who became a philosopher. ... William of Ockham William of Ockham (also Occam or any of several other spellings) (c. ... Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (IPA: ) (April 26, 1889 – April 29, 1951) was an Austrian philosopher who contributed several ground-breaking works to contemporary philosophy, primarily on the foundations of logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of language, and the philosophy of mind. ... Christian Wolff (less correctly Wolf) (January 24, 1679 - April 9, 1754) was a German philosopher. ...

See also

In this case contemporary philosophers refers not just to figures who are alive, but also those who passed away within the past three decades, irrespective of when their major works were written or when their work was most popular. ... List of aestheticians, aesthetes, or aestheticists, alphabetically: Abhinavagupta Joseph Addison Theodor Adorno Virgil Aldrich Anandavardhana John Anderson Aristotle (see Poetics and Rhetoric) Rudolf Arnheim Mazen Asfour Georg Anton Friedrich Ast Jody Azzouni Mikhail Bakhtin Yusuf Balasagun Béla Balázs Roland Barthes Georges Bataille Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten Monroe Beardsley Vissarion... Theodor Adorno Louis Althusser Mikhail Bakhtin Roland Barthes Walter Benjamin Lauren Berlant Homi Bhabha Jean Baudrillard Susan Bordo Pierre Bourdieu Stephen Bronner Judith Butler Teresa de Lauretis Gilles Deleuze Jacques Derrida Terry Eagleton Mikhail Epstein Franz Fanon Michel Foucault Félix Guattari Jürgen Habermas Max Horkheimer Julia Kristeva Jacques... List of ethicists including religious or political figures recognized by those outside their tradition as having made major contributions to ideas about ethics, or raised major controversies by taking strong positions on previously unexplored problems. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and make it more accessible to a general audience, this article may require cleanup. ... This is a list of Iranian and Persian philosophers: Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) Omar Khayyam Farabi Biruni Rumi al-Ghazali Abu Hatim Razi Abu Yaqub Sijistani Razi Hamid al-din Kirmani Nasir al-Din Tusi Kamal al-Din Asadabadi Ameen Dorri Categories: Incomplete lists | Iranian people | Philosophers ... This page is a list of Jews. ... A logician is a person, such as a philosopher or mathematician, whose topic of scholarly study is logic. ... This article lists notable public figures who acknowledged Marxism as a defining intellectual influence. ... This is a list of political philosophers, including some who may be better known for their work in other areas of philosophy. ... This is a list of Romanian philosophers. ... This is a list of philosophers working in the Christian tradition in Western Europe during the medieval period. ... Women Philosophers, listed alphabetically: Marilyn McCord Adams, (born 1943) G. E. M. Anscombe, (1918-2001) Hannah Arendt, (1906-1975) Arete of Cyrene, (4th century B.C.) Mary Astell, (1666-1731) Annette Baier, (born 1929) Judith Butler, (born 1956) Mary Whiton Calkins, (1863-1930) Nancy Cartwright (born 1943) Margaret Cavendish, (1623... A political theorist is someone who engages in political theory. ... This is a wide-ranging list of philosophers from the Eastern traditions of philosophy, with special interest in Indo-Chinese philosophy. ... The most popular or noteworthy philosophers can be found in bold, and slightly less influential philosophers are in italics. ... Philosophical timelines have been split into three sections: Eastern, Western, and Global. ... A wide-ranging list of philosophers from the Western traditions of philosophy. ...

General philosophy lists

Below is a list of basic topics in philosophy -- topics which will help the beginner become familiar with the field of philosophy. ... This page aims to list articles on Wikipedia that are related to philosophy, beginning with the letters A through C. This is so that those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar. ... // A few selected questions All of these questions have links to articles which contains the word philosophy or philosophical: What is the meaning of life? Do we have free will? What is consciousness? What is soul? What is truth? What are time and space? What is beauty? What is real... Philosophical timelines have been split into three sections: Eastern, Western, and Global. ... This is a list of topics relating to philosophy that end in -ism. ... Philosophies: particular schools of thought, styles of philosophy, or discriptions of philosophical ideas attributed to a particular group or culture - listed in alphabetical order. ... This is a list of important publications in philosophy, organized by field. ... // January 1 1614: John Wilkins born. ... This is a list of lists. ...

General philosophy topics

  • Philosophy - main article on Philosophy, leads to many others
  • What is the meaning of life? - one of the most paradigmatic questions of Philosophy.
  • Philosophy Portal - another good starting point
  • Philosophy Wikiproject - a community of philosophically minded contributors working together to improve Wikipedia's coverage of philosophy as a whole.

Philosopher in Meditation (detail), by Rembrandt. ... The philosophical question What is the meaning of life? means different things to different people. ...

General online philosophy resources



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Footnotes


      Results from FactBites:
     
    The Philosophers. (1635 words)
    The object of the epicurean philosophy was to reduce man's natural anxiety, viz., to eliminate superstition and the dread of death.
    Schiller, a German, may be remembered as an historian (appointed the "honourary" professor of history at Jena in 1788), a philosopher, and, of course, as a dramatist.
    The Greek philosopher, Theophrastus, followed in the steps of Plato and Aristotle; indeed he was a student of theirs.
    List of philosophers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (441 words)
    List of philosophers born in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries
    List of philosophers born in the seventeenth century
    List of philosophers born in the twentieth century
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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