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Encyclopedia > List of nuclear tests
Nuclear weapons
One of the first nuclear bombs.

History of nuclear weapons
Nuclear warfare
Nuclear arms race
Weapon design / testing
Effects of nuclear explosions
Delivery systems
Nuclear espionage
Proliferation / Arsenals The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter. ... Image File history File links A picture of a mockup of the Fat Man nuclear device, from http://www. ... A nuclear fireball lights up the night in a United States nuclear test. ... For the 1989 computer game, see Nuclear War (computer game). ... U.S. and USSR/Russian nuclear weapons stockpiles, 1945-2006. ... The first nuclear weapons, though large, cumbersome and inefficient, provided the basic design building blocks of all future weapons. ... Preparation for an underground nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site in the 1980s. ... A 23 kiloton tower shot called BADGER, fired on April 18, 1953 at the Nevada Test Site, as part of the Operation Upshot-Knothole nuclear test series. ... // Nuclear weapons delivery is the technology and systems used to place a nuclear weapon at the position of detonation, on or near its intended target. ... Nuclear espionage is the purposeful giving of state secrets regarding nuclear weapons to other states without authorization (espionage). ... World map with nuclear weapons development status represented by color. ... This is a list of nuclear weapons ordered by state and then type within the states. ...

Nuclear-armed states

US · Russia · UK · France
China · India · Pakistan
Israel · North Korea
South Africa This is a list of states with nuclear weapons, sometimes called the nuclear club. ... The United States was the first country in the world to successfully develop nuclear weapons, and is the only country to have used them in war against another nation. ...

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Main article: Nuclear testing

The following is a list of nuclear test series designations, organized first by country and then by date. For more information on countries with nuclear weapons, see List of countries with nuclear weapons. For more information on nuclear weapon arsenals, see List of nuclear weapons. Preparation for an underground nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site in the 1980s. ... Preparation for an underground nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site in the 1980s. ... In political geography and international politics, a country is a political division of a geographical entity, a sovereign territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation and government. ... This is a list of countries with nuclear weapons. ... This is a list of nuclear weapons ordered by state and then type within the states. ...

Contents

Nuclear tests by known nuclear countries

United States of America

The Flag of United States United States conducted around 1,054 nuclear tests (by official count) between 1945 and 1992. Most of the tests took place at the Nevada Test Site and the Pacific Proving Grounds in the Marshall Islands. Ten other tests took place at various locations in the United States, including Alaska, Colorado, Mississippi, and New Mexico. The United States was the first country in the world to successfully develop nuclear weapons, and is the only country to have used them in war against another nation. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... The United States began using the Marshall Islands as a nuclear testing site beginning in 1946. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ...


Offsite is an animated graphic map of the USA during 63 years of nuclear activities, including uranium mining, nuclear rockets, power plants, test explosions, submarines, etc. See it here: http://www.animatedsoftware.com/poifu/poifu.swf


1945–1963

Year Series No. shots Total yields Location(s) Image Notes
1945 Trinity 1 20 kt Alamogordo, New Mexico The "Trinity" fireball First ever nuclear explosion.
1946 Crossroads 2 46 kt Pacific Proving Grounds "Baker" shot First postwar test series. First underwater nuclear explosion.
1948 Sandstone 3 104 kt Pacific Proving Grounds Shot "X-Ray" of Operation Sandstone. The first use of "levitated" cores. Developed the Mark IV warhead.
1951 Ranger 5 40 kt Nevada Test Site Shot "Fox" of Operation Ranger. First tests at the Nevada Test Site.
1951 Greenhouse 4 398.5 kt Pacific Proving Grounds The "Item" fireball. "George" shot was physics experiment relating to the hydrogen bomb; "Item" shot was first boosted fission weapon.
1951 Buster-Jangle 7 71.9 kt Nevada Test Site Troops during the "Buster Dog" shot. Many shots done in conjunction with troop exercises on ground.
1952 Tumbler-Snapper 7 104 kt Nevada Test Site A "Snapper" shot shows the "rope trick effect". Operation "Snapper" tested a number of new devices, and also explored the "rope trick effect".
1952 Ivy 2 10.9 Mt Pacific Proving Grounds "Mike" shot was first hydrogen bomb; "King" shot was largest pure-fission bomb (500 kt).
1953 Upshot-Knothole 11 252.4 kt Nevada Test Site Shot "Grable" and the "atomic cannon". Grable shot used a 280mm AFAP Artillery.Fired.Atomic.Projectile cannon.
1954 Castle 6 48.2 Mt Pacific Proving Grounds The "Romeo" mushroom cloud. Deployable thermonuclears. "Bravo" was over twice as large as expected (most powerful ever by U.S.) and spread fallout over a wide area. Hydrogen bombs that used cyrogenic fuel were obselete.
1955 Teapot 14 167.8 kt Nevada Test Site The "Tesla" fireball. First successful designs by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (after two years of trying).
1955 Wigwam 1 30 kt Pacific Ocean The "Wigwam" detonation. A single shot, 2000 ft underwater, to determine the vulnerability of submarines to nuclear explosions.
1955 Project 56 4 .01 to .1 kt Nevada Test Site Four 'one-point' safety tests, to ensure the safety of deployed designs.
1956 Redwing 17 20.82 Mt Pacific Proving Grounds The "Apache" detonation. All thermonuclear weapons designs tests, including first "three stage" weapon test.
1956 Buffalo 4 Maralinga
1957 Plumbbob 29 343.74 kt Nevada Test Site Shot "Smoky" of Operation Plumbbob. One of the most controversial test series, release more radiation to continental U.S. than any series. Close proximity of troop exercises to shot "Smoky" produced significantly increased levels of leukemia among exposed soldiers.
195758 Project 57, 58, 58A 5 0.5 kt Nevada Test Site Five 'one-point' safety tests, to ensure the safety of deployed designs.
1958 Chariot Cancelled Cape Thompson, Alaska The plans to use five thermonuclear explosions to create an artificial harbor in Alaska. Had planned to create an artificial harbor in Alaska as part of Operation Plowshare using thermonuclear explosions. Was eventually cancelled amid controversy and outcry.
1958 Hardtack I 35 35.6 Mt Pacific Proving Grounds
1958 Argus 3 5.1 kt South Atlantic Ocean Clandestine high-altitude test series carried out 1,110 miles southwest of South Africa to test whether nuclear explosions could create artificial Van Allen belts in near space.
1958 Hardtack II 37 45.8 kt Nevada Test Site
196162 Nougat 32 Nevada Test Site, Carlsbad, New Mexico The underground cavity created by the "Gnome" shot. First all-underground test series. Included Operation Plowshare shot "Gnome" in Carlsbad, New Mexico, which was detonated in an underground salt dome.
196263 Dominic 36 38.1 Mt Christmas Island, Johnston Island, Central Pacific Ocean "Starfish-Prime" in the upper atmosphere. "Frigate Bird" was the only operational test of a missile "mated" with a live warhead. Series also included three high-altitude tests known as Operation Fishbowl.
196263 Storax 48 Nevada Test Site The "Sedan" crater. Included the "Sedan" test, a cratering experiment as part of Operation Plowshare.
1962 Roller Coaster 4 0 Nellis Air Force Range, Nevada Storage-transportation safety experiment, measured plutonium dispersal risk.
1962 Sunbeam 4 2.19 kt Nevada Test Site The 1.65 kt "Small Boy" nuclear test of 1962. Test of small tactical warheads, including the man-portable "Davy Crockett". Last atmospheric test series.

Year 1945and died 2007 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Trinity test was the first test of a nuclear weapon, conducted by the United States on July 16, 1945 at , thirty miles (48 km) southeast of Socorro on what is now White Sands Missile Range, headquartered near Alamogordo, New Mexico. ... A megaton or megatonne is a unit of mass equal to 1,000,000 metric tons, i. ... Alamogordo is a city in Otero County, New Mexico, United States of America. ... Image File history File links The 1945 TRINITY nuclear explosion, early stage of the fireball. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A 23 kiloton dropped nuclear weapon, known as Operation Crossroads (Event Able) A 21 kiloton underwater nuclear weapons effects test, known as Operation Crossroads (Event Baker), conducted at Bikini Atoll (1946). ... The United States began using the Marshall Islands as a nuclear testing site beginning in 1946. ... Image File history File links The Baker shot of Operation Crossroads, at the Bikini Atoll, 1946. ... An underwater explosion, also known as an UNDEX, is an explosion beneath the surface of water. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Operation Sandstone was the third American series of nuclear weapon tests conducted in 1948 at Eniwetok Atoll. ... The United States began using the Marshall Islands as a nuclear testing site beginning in 1946. ... Image File history File links Sandstone_X-Ray. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... Operation Ranger was the fourth American nuclear test series. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Image File history File links Ranger_Fox. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... Operation Greenhouse was the fifth American nuclear test series, the second conducted in 1951 and the first to test thermonuclear weapons (hydrogen bombs). ... The United States began using the Marshall Islands as a nuclear testing site beginning in 1946. ... Image File history File links Greenhouse_Item. ... Boosted fission weapons are a type of nuclear bomb that uses a small amount of fusion fuel to increase the rate, and thus yield, of a fission reaction. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... Buster-Jangle Dog test Operation Buster-Jangle was a series of seven (six atmospheric, one underground) nuclear weapons tests conducted by the United States in late 1951 at the Nevada Test Site. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Public domain photo from http://www. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nuclear detonation from the Tumbler Snapper test series Operation Tumbler-Snapper was a series of atomic tests conducted by the United States in the spring of 1952 at the Nevada Test Site. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Download high resolution version (926x852, 175 KB)Nuclear detonation from the Tumbler Snapper test series showing fireball and rope tricks File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Nuclear explosion photographed less than one millisecond after detonation. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Operation Ivy was the eighth series of American nuclear tests, coming after Tumbler-Snapper and before Upshot-Knothole. ... A megaton or megatonne is a unit of mass equal to 1,000,000 metric tons, i. ... The United States began using the Marshall Islands as a nuclear testing site beginning in 1946. ... Ivy Mike mushroom cloud. ... The mushroom cloud from the Mike shot. ... Ivy Kings mushroom cloud. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Operation Upshot-Knothole was a series of eleven nuclear test shots conducted in 1953 at the Nevada Test Site. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2949x2338, 2321 KB) U.S. shot GRABLE of Operation Upshot-Knothole, 25 May 1953. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Operation Castle was the highest-yield nuclear test series ever conducted by the United States. ... The United States began using the Marshall Islands as a nuclear testing site beginning in 1946. ... Image File history File links Castle_romeo. ... A black-and-white photograph of the Castle Bravo mushroom cloud. ... Fallout is the residual radiation hazard from a nuclear explosion, so named because it falls out of the atmosphere into which it is spread during the explosion. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Operation Teapot was a series of thirteen nuclear test explosions conducted at the Nevada Test Site in the first half of 1955. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Image File history File links Teapot_Tesla. ... Aerial view of the lab and surrounding area. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wigwam underwater burst Operation Wigwam involved a single test of the Mk-90 Betty nuclear depth bomb. ... Wigwam detonation File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Operation Redwing was a United States series of 17 nuclear test detonations from May to July 1956. ... The United States began using the Marshall Islands as a nuclear testing site beginning in 1946. ... Image File history File links Redwing_Apache. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Military history notes three events dubbed Operation Buffalo: 1. ... Maralinga is a small town in the desert of South Australia, famous for nuclear tests that took place there in the 1950s. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... The Smoky shot of Operation Plumbbob. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Image File history File links Plumbbob_Smoky. ... Leukemia or leukaemia (see spelling differences) is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow and is characterized by an abnormal proliferation (production by multiplication) of blood cells, usually white blood cells (leukocytes). ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Operation Chariot was a 1958 American proposal to construct an artificial harbor at Cape Thompson, Alaska by means of a nuclear explosion. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... Image File history File links Project_Chariot_plans. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... The 1962 Sedan plowshares shot displaced 12 million tons of earth and created a crater 320 feet (97. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hardtack Oak mushroom cloud Hardtack Sorocco mushroom cloud An RB-57 Canberra observes Juniper. ... The United States began using the Marshall Islands as a nuclear testing site beginning in 1946. ... Hardtack Oak mushroom cloud File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Operation Argus was secretly conducted during August and September of 1958, in the South Atlantic (see: South Atlantic Anomaly), by the US Atomic Energy Commission, in conjunction with the Explorer IV mission. ... Van Allen belts The Van Allen radiation belt is a torus of energetic charged particles around Earth, trapped by Earths magnetic field. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hardtack Oak mushroom cloud Hardtack Sorocco mushroom cloud An RB-57 Canberra observes Juniper. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Hardtack Sorocco burning mushroom cloud File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... During the Cold War, Operation Nougat was a series of thirty-two nuclear tests conducted (with one exception) at the Nevada Test Site during the 1962 Fiscal Year. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Location in the state of New Mexico. ... Image File history File links Nougat_Gnome. ... Underground nuclear testing refers to experiments with nuclear weapons that are performed underground. ... The 1962 Sedan plowshares shot displaced 12 million tons of earth and created a crater 320 feet (97. ... Location in the state of New Mexico. ... A salt dome is formed when a thick bed of evaporite minerals (mainly salt, or halite) found at depth intrudes vertically into surrounding rock strata, forming a diapir. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pacific Ocean detonation Operation Dominic I and II was a series of 105 nuclear test explosions conducted in 1962 and 1963 by the United States. ... Johnston Atoll is a 2. ... Image File history File links Dominic_Starfish-Prime_nuke. ... Pacific Ocean detonation This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Operation Storax was the series of American nuclear tests of the Operation Dominic I and II series which took place in Fiscal 1963, but excluding the Sedan blast, which was part of the Plowshare program. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Crater from the 1962 Sedan nuclear test as part of Operation Plowshare. ... Storax Sedan explosion The Sedan crater. ... The 1962 Sedan plowshares shot displaced 12 million tons of earth and created a crater 320 feet (97. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map showing Nellis AFB, NAFR, and other federal properties in southern Nevada The Nellis Air Force Range (NAFR) is a training facility of the United States Air Force located in the desert of southern Nevada in the United States. ... there is a jungle in nevada by the park This article is about the U. S. state of Nevada. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Operation Sunbeam was a series of nuclear tests conducted at the United States of Americas Nevada Test Site. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x644, 123 KB) Small Boy nuclear test, July 14, 1962, part of Operation Sunbeam, at the Nevada Test Site. ... Davy Crockett mounted to a recoilless rifle on a tripod The M-388 Davy Crockett was a tactical nuclear recoilless rifle projectile that was deployed by the United States during the Cold War. ...

1963–1992

After the signing of the Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963, all U.S. nuclear testing became underground testing. The Treaty Banning poop, in Outer Space, and Under Water, often abbreviated as the Partial Test Ban Treaty (PTBT), Limited Test Ban Treaty (LTBT), or Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (NTBT), although the former also refers to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), is a treaty intended to obtain an agreement... Underground nuclear testing refers to experiments with nuclear weapons that are performed underground. ...

Year Series No. shots Total yields Location(s) Notes
196465 Niblick 41 Nevada Test Site
196465 Whetstone 48 Nevada Test Site, Hattiesburg, MS
196566 Flintlock 48 Nevada Test Site, Amchitka, Alaska
196667 Latchkey 38 Nevada Test Site, Hattiesburg, MS
196768 Crosstie 48 Nevada Test Site, Farmington, New Mexico Included "Gasbuggy" Plowshare shot near Farmington, New Mexico.
196869 Bowline 48 Nevada Test Site
1969 Mandrel 53 Nevada Test Site; Grand Valley (Colorado); Amchitka, Alaska Included "Rulison" Plowshare shot near Grand Valley (Colorado), and 1.2 Mt shot "Milrow" in Alaska.
1970 Emery 16 Nevada Test Site
197172 Grommet 34 Nevada Test Site, Amchitka, Alaska
197273 Toggle 28 Nevada Test Site, Rifle, CO Inclded Plowshare "Rio Blanco" test for gas stimulation
197374 Arbor 19 Nevada Test Site
197475 Bedrock 27 Nevada Test Site
197576 Anvil 21 Nevada Test Site
197677 Fulcrum 21 Nevada Test Site All "weapons related" tests.
197778 Crescent 23 Nevada Test Site
197879 Quicksilver 18 Nevada Test Site
197980 Tinderbox 15 Nevada Test Site
198081 Guardian 16 Nevada Test Site
198182 Praetorian 22 Nevada Test Site
198283 Phalanx 19 Nevada Test Site
198384 Fusileer 17 Nevada Test Site
198485 Grenadier 17 Nevada Test Site
198586 Charioteer 18 Nevada Test Site Mighty Oak test using the Mk-21 RV warhead. was conducted on April 10, 1986. Containment failed and later radiation was released. Secondary sources put this venting into at 36,000 curies, which is 2000 times greater than the 3 Mile Island incident. Sources: Dr. Rosalie Bertell, Dr. Bonnie Eberhardt, journalist Paul Van Dam.
198687 Musketeer 15 Nevada Test Site
198788 Touchstone 14 Nevada Test Site
198889 Cornerstone 12 Nevada Test Site
198990 Aqueduct 11 Nevada Test Site
199091 Sculpin 8 Nevada Test Site
199192 Julin 8 <460kt Nevada Test Site Last nuclear test series. Last shot was "Divider" (September 23, 1992). Exact yields not released.

A number of shots whose goals were to assess the non-military use of nuclear weapons were known as Operation Plowshare, and done during many different test series. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Operation Niblick was a series of twenty-seven underground nuclear explosions conducted at the Nevada Test Site in 1963 and 1964. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Operation Whetstone was a series of thirty-six American nuclear tests conducted in 1964 and 1965. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Hattiesburg is a city located in Forrest County in Mississippi, a state of the United States of America. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... American military history records two operations called Flintlock: Operation Flintlock was the campaign against the Marshall Islands in the Pacific campaign of World War II, from January to February 1944. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Amchitka is a volcanic, tectonically unstable island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in southwest Alaska. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Operation Latchkey was a series of twenty-seven nuclear test explosions conducted in 1966 and 67 at the Nevada Test Site (with one exception). ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Hattiesburg is a city located in Forrest County in Mississippi, a state of the United States of America. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ... Operation Crosstie was a series of thirty-three nuclear tests mostly conducted in Nevada during 1967 and 1968. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Farmington (Navajo: Tótah) is a city in San Juan County, New Mexico, United States. ... The 1962 Sedan plowshares shot displaced 12 million tons of earth and created a crater 320 feet (97. ... Farmington (Navajo: Tótah) is a city in San Juan County, New Mexico, United States. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... Operation Bowline was a series of thirty nuclear test explosions conducted in 1968 and 1969 at the Nevada Test Site. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... Operation Mandrel was a series of forty-three nuclear test explosions. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... The Grand Valley is a extended populated agricultural valley, approximately 30 miles (48 km) long and 5 miles (8 km) wide, located along the Colorado River in Mesa County in western Colorado in the United States. ... Amchitka is a volcanic, tectonically unstable island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in southwest Alaska. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... Rulison was a 47-kiloton nuclear test that took place in the United States on September 10, 1968, in or near western Colorados Grand Valley in Garfield County (39 26 30. ... The 1962 Sedan plowshares shot displaced 12 million tons of earth and created a crater 320 feet (97. ... The Grand Valley is a extended populated agricultural valley, approximately 30 miles (48 km) long and 5 miles (8 km) wide, located along the Colorado River in Mesa County in western Colorado in the United States. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Operation Emery was a series of twelve nuclear tests conducted at the Nevada Test Site. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Amchitka is a volcanic, tectonically unstable island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in southwest Alaska. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Rifle is a city located in Garfield County, Colorado. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the 1976 Gregorian calendar. ... This is a disambiguation page &#8212; a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the 1976 Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Operation Quicksilver (United States, 1978 - 1979) was a nuclear test series of eighteen blasts conducted at the Nevada Test Site in 1978 and 1979. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Operation Tinderbox was a series of fifteen nuclear tests conducted at the Nevada Test Site in 1979 and 1980. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... History records two military operations named Operation Guardian: The 1948 British-backed attempt to spark an anti-Communist civil war in Yugoslavia. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Military history records no less than three plans, all called Operation Musketeer: Musketeer was a four-phased plan during World War II to liberate the Philippine Islands developed by General Douglas MacArthur’s staff as part of the larger Reno V plan. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The 1962 Sedan plowshares shot displaced 12 million tons of earth and created a crater 320 feet (97. ...


The United States has not conducted any tests since 1992, though they have conducted a number of sub-critical tests (which do not involve a chain reaction).


Soviet Union

The Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union conducted 715 nuclear tests (by official count) [1] between 1949 and 1990. Most of them took place at the Semipalatinsk Test Site in Kazakhstan and the Northern Test Site at Novaya Zemlya. Additional tests were conducted at various locations in Russia and Kazakhstan, while a small number of tests were conducted in Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenia. Andrei Sakharov (left) with Igor Kurchatov (right) The Soviet project to develop an atomic bomb began during World War II in the Soviet Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... The Semipalatinsk Test Site (STS) was the primary testing venue for the Soviet Unions nuclear weapons. ... Novaya Zemlya (Russian: , lit. ... Turkmenistan, once known as the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic is a country in Central Asia. ...


Some significant Soviet tests include:

The last Soviet test took place on October 24, 1990. After the dissolution of the USSR in 1992, Russia inherited their former nuclear stockpile, but has not conducted any nuclear tests. External links http://gawain. ... External links http://gawain. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... The first (not true) Soviet Hydrogen (Super) Test, dubbed Joe 4 Joe 4 was an American nickname for the first Soviet test of a hydrogen bomb and was on August 12, 1953. ... The first (not true) Soviet Hydrogen (Super) Test, dubbed Joe 4 Joe 4 was an American nickname for the first Soviet test of a hydrogen bomb and was on August 12, 1953. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... RDS-37 was a Soviet name for their first nuclear test of a true hydrogen bomb. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Site of the detonation. ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Chagan nuclear test, not to be confused with Joe 1. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Nuclear Explosions for the National Economy was a Soviet program to investigate peaceful nuclear explosions (PNEs). ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...


UK

The UK has conducted 45 tests (21 in Australian territory, including 9 in mainland South Australia at Maralinga and Emu Field, many others in the U.S. as part of joint test series). Tests include: Capital Adelaide Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Marjorie Jackson-Nelson Premier Mike Rann (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 11  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $59,819 (5th)  - Product per capita  $38,838/person (7th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  1,558,200 (5th)  - Density  1. ... The Maralinga atomic weapons test site was set up on the Nullarbor Plain in South Australia during the early 1950s, as a joint test facility between the British and Australian governments. ...

Last test: November 26, 1991, vertical shaft. The explosion cloud resulting from the Operation Hurricane detonation Operation Hurricane was the test of the first British atomic bomb. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Military history notes three events dubbed Operation Buffalo: 1. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Operation Antler was a series of three open-air nuclear tests conducted by the United Kingdom in September and October, 1957 at Maralinga, Australia. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Operation Grapple: Grapple X Valiant XD824 being bombed-up behind canvas screens Operation Grapple was a United Kingdom tri-service exercise leading to the detonation of the first British hydrogen bomb on May 15, 1957. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...


France

France conducted 210 nuclear tests between February 13, 1960 and January 27, 1996. [2] France was the fourth country to test an independently developed nuclear weapon in 1960, under the government of Charles de Gaulle. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...

Gerboise Bleue (blue jerboa) was the name of the first French nuclear test. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Zaouiet Reggane. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... The Ahaggar Mountains, also known as the Hoggar, are a highland region in central Sahara, southern Algeria. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Moruroa (Mururura, Mururoa) (21°50S., 138°55W.) is an atoll in which forms part of the Tuamoto archipelago in French Polynesia in the southern Pacific Ocean. ... Fangataufa (Fangatafoa) (22°15S., 138°45W.) is a small, low, narrow, barrier reef. ... August 28 is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ... Mushroom Cloud from the Canopus explosion rises above Fangataufa Canopus was the code name for Frances first two-stage thermonuclear test, conducted on August 24, 1968 at Fangataufa atoll. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...

China

The People's Republic of China conducted 45 tests (23 atmospheric and 22 underground, all conducted at Lop Nur Nuclear Weapons Test Base, in Malan, Xinjiang) Lop Nur (ear-shaped) from space, September 1992 Lop Nur (Lake Lop; alternately Lop Nor, Lo-pu po or Taitema Lake) is a group of small, now seasonal salt lakes and marshes between the Taklamakan and Kuruktag deserts in the southeastern portion of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in northwestern China... Malan can mean: Malan (Xinjiang) Adolph Malan, famed World War II RAF fighter pilot who led No. ... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ...

596 is the codename of the Peoples Republic of Chinas first nuclear weapons test. ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years). ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years). ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... July 29 is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...

India

India conducted 5 or 6 tests, at Pokhran. Pokhran (also spelt Pokaran) is a city and a municipality in Jaisalmer district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ...

The so-called Smiling Buddha was the first test fission explosion by India on May 18, 1974. ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Operation Shakti refers to the second round of nuclear tests conducted by India on May 11 and May 13, 1998. ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (132nd in leap years). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... May 13 is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...

Pakistan

Pakistan conducted between 3 and 6 tests in response to the Indian tests:

May 28 is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Ras Koh (Ras means way or gate and Koh means mountain; Ras Koh literally, gate of the mountains, or foothill) is located in Chagai District, Balochistan, Pakistan. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Kharan Desert (Urdu: خاران ) is a desert located in Kharan District, Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Kharan is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. ...

North Korea

On October 9, 2006 it was announced by North Korea they had conducted a nuclear test in North Hamgyong province on the northeast coast at 10:36 AM (11:30 AEST). There was a 3.58 magnitude earthquake reported in South Korea. There was a 4.2 magnitude tremor detected 240 miles north of P'yongyang. The low estimates on the yield of the test — potentially less than a kiloton in strength — have led to speculation as to whether it was a fizzle (unsuccessful test), or a genuine nuclear test at all. See 2006 North Korean nuclear test for more information. The 2006 North Korean nuclear test was the detonation of a nuclear device conducted on October 9, 2006 by the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... North Hamgyŏng (Hamgyŏng-pukto) is a province of North Korea. ... The term Fizzle is used in the following contexts: When an event starts promisingly, but stalls and ends shortly afterwards, it is said to fizzle out. ... The 2006 North Korean nuclear test was the detonation of a nuclear device conducted on October 9, 2006 by the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea. ...


Alleged tests

There have been a number of significant alleged/disputed/unacknowledged accounts of countries testing nuclear explosives. Their status is either not certain or entirely disputed by most mainstream experts.


Japan

There is a disputed report about the Japanese atomic program being able to test a nuclear weapon in Korea on August 12, 1945, a few days after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, and three days before the Japanese surrender on August 15, but this is seen as being highly unlikely by mainstream historians. See Japanese atomic program for more information. During the 1930s, the scientific community in the world started to understand the power of nuclear energy, and the Empire of Japan, like many other governments, was made aware of the possibility of developing a weapon which utilized nuclear fission as the source of its energy. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945and died 2007 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Fat Man mushroom cloud resulting from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rises 18 km (11 mi, 60,000 ft) into the air from the hypocenter. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... During the 1930s, the scientific community in the world started to understand the power of nuclear energy, and the Empire of Japan, like many other governments, was made aware of the possibility of developing a weapon which utilized nuclear fission as the source of its energy. ...


Israel/South Africa

In what is known as the Vela Incident, Israel and/or South Africa may have detonated a nuclear device on September 22, 1979 in the Indian Ocean, according to satellite data. It is not certain whether there was actually a test, also it is not known who would have been responsible for it. See Vela Incident for more information. Orthographic projection centered on the Prince Edward Islands, the location of the Vela incident The Vela Incident (sometimes known as the South Atlantic Flash) was an as-yet unidentified flash of light detected by a United States Vela satellite on September 22, 1979. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Orthographic projection centered on the Prince Edward Islands, the location of the Vela incident The Vela Incident (sometimes known as the South Atlantic Flash) was an as-yet unidentified flash of light detected by a United States Vela satellite on September 22, 1979. ...


North Korea

On September 9, 2004 it was reported by South Korean media that there had been a large explosion at the Chinese/North Korean border. This explosion left a crater visible by satellite and precipitated a large (2 mile diameter) mushroom cloud. The United States and South Korea quickly downplayed this, explaining it away as a forest fire that had nothing to do with the DPRK's nuclear weapons program. See Ryanggang explosion for more information. September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... On September 9, 2004, there was an event suspected to be a large explosion in North Koreas second northernmost province of Ryanggang. ...


Germany

Hitlers Bombe, a book published in German by the historian Rainer Karlsch in 2005, has alleged that there is evidence that Nazi Germany performed some sort of test of a "nuclear device" (a hybrid fusion device unlike any modern nuclear weapons) in March 1945, though the evidence for this has not yet been fully evaluated, and has been doubted by many historians. Hilters Bombe (Hitlers Bomb) is a nonfiction book by the German historian Rainer Karlsch published in March 2005 which claims to have evidence concerning the development and testing of a possible nuclear weapon by Nazi Germany in 1945. ... Rainer Karlsch (b. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933&#8211;1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... The deuterium-tritium (D-T) fusion reaction is considered the most promising for producing fusion power. ...


Tests of live warheads on rockets

The Frigate Bird explosion seen through the periscope of USS Carbonero (SS-337)
The Frigate Bird explosion seen through the periscope of USS Carbonero (SS-337)

Missiles and nuclear warheads have usually been tested separately, because testing them together is considered highly dangerous (they are the most extreme type of live fire exercise). The only US live test of an operational missile was the following: Download high resolution version (1024x1200, 126 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1024x1200, 126 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... USS Carbonero (SS-337), a Gato-class submarine, was the Nth ship of the United States Navy to be named for the carbonero, a salt-water fish found in the West Indies. ... A M4 Carbine is in the forground and the M16A2 in the background in the hands of these two Marines during a live fire exercise in 2003 A live fire exercise is any exercise in which a realistic scenario for the use of specific equipment is simulated. ...

  • Frigate Bird — on May 6, 1962, a UGM-27 Polaris A-1 missile with a live 600 kt W47 warhead was launched from the USS Ethan Allen (SSBN-608); it flew 1900 km, re-entered the atmosphere, and detonated at an altitude of 3.4 km over the South Pacific. The test was part of Operation Dominic I. Planned as a method to dispel doubts about whether the USA's nuclear missiles would actually function in practice, it had less effect than was hoped, as the stockpile warhead was substantially modified prior to testing, and the missile tested was a relatively low-flying SLBM and not a high-flying ICBM.

Other live tests with the nuclear explosive delivered by rocket by the USA include: is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Polaris A-3 on launch pad in Cape Canaveral The Polaris missile was a submarine-launched, two-stage solid-fuel nuclear-armed ballistic missile (SLBM) built during the Cold War by Lockheed for the United States Navy. ... USS Ethan Allen (SSBN-608), lead ship of her class, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for Ethan Allen. ... Pacific Ocean detonation Operation Dominic I and II was a series of 105 nuclear test explosions conducted in 1962 and 1963 by the United States. ... French M45 SLBM and M51 SLBM Submarine-launched ballistic missiles or SLBMs are ballistic missiles delivering nuclear weapons that are launched from submarines. ... A Minuteman III missile soars after a test launch. ...

  • Operation Argus — three tests
  • On August 1, 1958, Redstone rocket #CC50 launched nuclear test Teak that detonated at an altitude of 77.8-km. On August 12, 1958, Redstone #CC51 launched nuclear test Orange to a detonation altitude of 43 km. Both were part of Operation Hardtack and had a yield of 3.75 Mt
  • On July 9, 1962, Thor missile 195 launched a Mk4 reentry vehicle containing a W49 thermonuclear warhead to an altitude of 248 miles (400 km). The warhead detonated with a yield of 1.45 Mt. This was the Starfish Prime event of nuclear test operation Dominic-Fishbowl
  • In the same series in 1962: Checkmate, Bluegill, Kingfish, and Tightrope

The Soviet Union tested a number of nuclear explosives on rockets as part of their development of a localised anti-ballistic missile system in the 1960s. Operation Argus was secretly conducted during August and September of 1958, in the South Atlantic (see: South Atlantic Anomaly), by the US Atomic Energy Commission, in conjunction with the Explorer IV mission. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... First launched in 1953, the American Redstone rocket was a direct descendant of the German V-2. ... Hardtack Oak mushroom cloud Hardtack Sorocco mushroom cloud An RB-57 Canberra observes Juniper. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thor-Ablestar Thor was the United Statess first operational ballistic missile. ... The debris fireball stretching along Earths magnetic field [1] with air-glow aurora as seen at 3 minutes from a KC-135 surveillance aircraft The flash created by the explosion as seen through heavy cloud cover from Honolulu 1,300 km away Another view of Starfish Prime through thin... Pacific Ocean detonation Operation Dominic I and II was a series of 105 nuclear test explosions conducted in 1962 and 1963 by the United States. ... An anti-ballistic missile (ABM) is a missile designed to counter ballistic missiles. ...


External links

References

  1. ^ a b When Mountains Move — The Story of Chagai RAI MUHAMMAD SALEH AZAM, defencejournal.com
  2. ^ Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons Program — 1998: The Year of Testing Carey Sublette, nuclearweaponarchive.org

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nuclear testing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1194 words)
A nuclear test explosion is an experiment involving the detonation of a nuclear weapon.
Nuclear weapons tests are generally classified as being either "atmospheric" (in or above the atmosphere), "underground," or "underwater." Of these, underground testing contained in deep shafts poses the least health risk in terms of fallout.
From the first nuclear test in 1945 until the latest tests by Pakistan in 1998, there was never a period of more than 22 months with no nuclear testing.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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