FACTOID # 19: Cheap sloppy joes: Looking for reduced-price lunches for schoolchildren? Head for Oklahoma!
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > List of neurological disorders

This is a list of major and frequently observed neurological disorders (e.g. Alzheimer's disease), symptoms (e.g.back pain), signs (e.g. aphasia) and syndromes (e.g. Aicardi syndrome). Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the central and peripheral nervous systems. ... Back pain is pain felt in the back that may come from the spine, muscles, nerves, or other structures in the back. ... Aphasia is a loss or impairment of the ability to produce or comprehend language, due to brain damage. ... Aicardi syndrome is a congenital disorder thought to result from an abnormality of the X chromosome and characterized by absence of the corpus callosum, retinal abnormalities, and seizures (often infantile spasms). ...


Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

Adem Ilhan is a British musician, who releases music under the name Adem. His music is sometimes described as being part of the nu-folk movement. ... Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a degenerative disorder of the sheath covering nerve fibers, known as myelin. ... Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum (ACC) is a rare birth defect (Congenital disorder) in humans in which there is a complete or partial absence of the Corpus callosum. ... Agnosia (a-gnosis, non-knowledge) is a loss of ability to recognize objects, persons, sounds, shapes or smells while the specific sense is not defective nor is there any significant memory loss. ... Aicardi syndrome is a congenital disorder thought to result from an abnormality of the X chromosome and characterized by absence of the corpus callosum, retinal abnormalities, and seizures (often infantile spasms). ... Alexander disease is a slowly progressing fatal neurodegenerative disease. ... Alpers disease, also called progressive infantile poliodystrophy, is a progressive degenerative disease of the central nervous system that occurs in infants and children. ... Alternating Hemiplegia is a rare neurological disorder that manifests itself in the paralysis of one side of the body in recurring episodes. ... The motor neurone diseases (MND) are a group of progressive neurological disorders that destroy motor neurons, the cells that control voluntary muscle activity such as speaking, walking, breathing, and swallowing. ... Anencephaly is a cephalic disorder that results from a neural tube defect that occurs when the cephalic (head) end of the neural tube fails to close, usually between the 23rd and 26th days of pregnancy, resulting in the absence of a major portion of the brain, skull, and scalp. ... Angelman syndrome (AS) is neurological disorder in which severe learning difficulties are associated with a characteristic facial appearance and behavior. ... Von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) is a rare inherited genetic condition involving the abnormal growth of tumors in parts of the body which are particularly rich in blood supply. ... Asphyxia is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body. ... Aphasia is a loss or impairment of the ability to produce or comprehend language, due to brain damage. ... Apraxia is a neurological disorder characterized by loss of the ability to execute or carry out learned (familiar) movements, despite having the desire and the physical ability to perform the movements. ... Arachnoid cysts are cerebrospinal fluid-filled sacs that may develop between the surface of the brain and the cranial base or on the arachnoid membrane - one of the 3 membranes that cover the brain and the spinal cord. ... Arachnoiditis describes a pain disorder caused by the inflammation of the arachnoid, one of the membranes that surround and protect the nerves of the spinal cord. ... Arnold-Chiari malformation, sometimes referred to as the Chiari malformation, is an anomaly of the brain in which the cerebellar tonsils are elongated and pushed down through the opening of the base of the skull (see foramen magnum), blocking the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). ... Arteriovenous malformation or AVM is a congenital disorder of the veins and arteries that make up the vascular system . ... Asperger described his patients as little professors. Aspergers syndrome (AS, or the more common shorthand Aspergers), is characterized as one of the five pervasive developmental disorders, and is commonly referred to as a form of high functioning autism. ... Ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) (Boder-Sedgwick syndrome or Louis-Bar syndrome) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder that occurs in an estimated incidence of 1 in 40,000 to 1 in 300,000 births (Lederman, 2000). ... DISCLAIMER Please remember that Wikipedia is offered for informational use only. ... Autism is classified as a neurodevelopmental disorder that manifests itself in markedly abnormal social interaction, communication ability, patterns of interests, and patterns of behavior. ... Auditory Processing Disorder (APD), {Previously known as Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD)}, is not a hearing impairment, but random inability to process what you hear. ...

B

Back pain is pain felt in the back that may come from the spine, muscles, nerves, or other structures in the back. ... Batten disease is a rare, fatal, inherited disease of the nervous system (neurodegenerative disorder) that begins in childhood. ... Behçets disease (BD, or Behçets syndrome) is a rare, multisystem disease with chronic inflammation of blood vessels (i. ... Bells palsy (facial palsy) is characterised by facial drooping due to malfunction of the facial nerve (VII cranial nerve), which controls the muscles of the face. ... Benign intracranial hypertension (BIH), also known by the obsolete term pseudotumor cerebri is a neurologic disease that is caused by increased intracranial pressure in the subarachnoid space surrounding the brain without any indication of intracranial pathology. ... Bilateral frontoparietal polymicrogyria is a type of polymicrogyria attributed to a defect in the gene GPR56. ... Binswangers disease is a rare form of multi-infarct dementia caused by damage to deep white brain matter. ... Blepharospasm from Blepharo (eyelid) and spasm (uncontrolled muscle contraction), is a dystonia, or neurological movement disorder involving involuntary, sustained muscle contractions, of the muscles around the eyes. ... ... The brachial plexus is a network of nerves that conducts signals from the spine to the shoulder, arm and hand. ... Brain abscess (or cerebral abscess) is an abscess caused by inflammation and collection of infected material coming from local (ear infection, infection of paranasal sinuses, infection of the mastoid air cells of the temporal bone, epidural abscess) or remote (lung, heart, kidney etc. ... Head injury is a trauma to the head, that may or may not include injury to the brain (see also brain injury). ... A brain tumor is any intracranial mass created by an abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells either normally found in the brain itself: neurons, glial cells (astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, ependymal cells), lymphatic tissue, blood vessels), in the cranial nerves (myelin producing Schwann cells), in the brain envelopes (meninges), skull, pituitary and... Spinal tumors are located in the spinal cord and are mostly metastases from primary cancers elsewhere (commonly breast, prostate and lung cancer). ... Brown-Séquard syndrome also known as Brown-Séquards hemiplegia and Brown-Séquards paralysis is a loss of motricity (paralysis and ataxia) and sensation caused by the lateral hemisection of the spinal cord. ...

C

Although Canavan disease may occur in any ethnic group, it affects persons of Eastern European Jewish ancestry more frequently. ... Carpal tunnel syndrome is a medical condition in which the median nerve is compressed at the wrist causing symptoms like tingling, pain, coldness, and sometimes weakness in parts of the hand. ... Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS) — also known as complex regional pain syndrome (CPRS)— is a chronic condition characterized by severe burning pain, pathological changes in bone and skin, excessive sweating, tissue swelling, and extreme sensitivity to touch. ... Central pontine myelinolysis is a neurologic disease caused by severe damage of the myelin sheath of nerve cells in the brainstem, more precisely in the area termed the pons. ... Cephalic disorders are congenital conditions that stem from damage to, or abnormal development of, the budding nervous system. ... A cerebral or brain aneurysm is a cerebrovascular disorder in which weakness in the wall of a cerebral artery or vein causes a localized dilation or ballooning of the blood vessel. ... Cerebral atrophy is a common feature of many of the diseases that affect the brain. ... Sotos syndrome (also known as cerebral gigantism) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by excessive physical growth during the first 2 to 3 years of life. ... Cerebral palsy or CP is a group of permanent disorders associated with developmental brain injuries that occur during fetal development, birth, or shortly after birth. ... The foot of a person with Charcot-Marie-Tooth. ... Arnold-Chiari malformation, sometimes referred to as the Chiari malformation, is an anomaly of the brain in which the cerebellar tonsils are elongated and pushed down through the opening of the base of the skull (see foramen magnum), blocking the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). ... Chorea is the occurrence of continuous rapid, jerky, involuntary movements that may involve the face and limb and result in an inability to maintain a posture. ... Pain is an unpleasant sensation which may be associated with actual or potential tissue damage and which may have physical and emotional components. ... Pain is an unpleasant sensation which may be associated with actual or potential tissue damage and which may have physical and emotional components. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Mobius syndrome (also spelled Moebius) is an extremely rare neurological disorder. ... Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease associated with atrophy of the cerebral cortex and the basal ganglia. ... It is the medical condition where the bones in the head fuse prematurely in a growing infant. ... Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) is a very rare and incurable brain disease that is ultimately fatal. ... Species see text Cytomegalovirus (CMV), is a genus of Herpes viruses; in humans the species is known as Human herpesvirus 5 (HHV-5). ...

D

Dandy-Walker syndrome is a congenital brain malformation involving the cerebellum and the fluid filled spaces around it. ... For other senses of this word, see dementia (disambiguation). ... X-Ray of the knee in a patient with dermatomyositis. ... Diabetic neuropathies are neuropathic disorders that are associated with diabetes mellitus. ... Dysautonomia is any disease or malfunction of the autonomic nervous system. ... Dysgraphia is a difficulty writing coherently, if at all, regardless of ability to read. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Dystonia (literally, abnormal muscle tone) is a generic term used to describe a neurological movement disorder involving involuntary, sustained muscle contractions. ...

E

Emoism syndrome, more commonly known as being emo originated with punk bands who chose to specialize in depressing music. ... Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain, commonly caused by a viral infection. ... Erbs Palsy, also known as Brachial Plexus Paralysis is a condition which mainly due to birth trauma, can affect 1 or all of the 5 primary nerves that supply the movement and feeling to an arm. ... Essential tremor is a neurological disorder characterized by shaking of hands (and sometimes other parts of the body including the head), evoked by intentional movements. ...

F

Fabrys disease (or Angiokeratoma corporis diffusum) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by deficient alpha galactosidase. ... Fahr’s Syndrome is a rare, genetically dominant, inherited neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in areas of the brain that control movement, including the basal ganglia and the cerebral cortex. ... Fainting or syncope is a sudden (and generally momentary) loss of consciousness due to a lack of sufficient blood and oxygen reaching the brain. ... See Fever for the Kylie Minogue album; Fever is also a song by Otis Blackwell. ... Friedreichs ataxia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by a mutation in Gene X25 that codes for frataxin, located on chromosome 9. ...

G

In medicine (hematology), Gauchers disease (or Gaucher disease, pronounced Go-shay) is a genetic disorder that affects platelets, white blood cells, the spleen, bones, and in Types II and III, the brain. ... Gerstmanns syndrome is a neurological disorder characterized by four primary symptoms: Agraphia/dysgraphia Acalculia/dyscalculia Finger agnosia Left-right disorientation In adults, the syndrome may occur after a stroke or in association with damage to the parietal lobe. ... Temporal arteritis, also called giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an inflammatory disease of blood vessels (most commonly large and medium arteries of the head). ... Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), is an acquired immune-mediated inflammatory disorder of the peripheral nervous system (i. ...

H

Head injury is a trauma to the head, that may or may not include injury to the brain (see also brain injury). ... A headache (medically known as cephalgia) is a condition of mild to severe pain in the head; sometimes upper back or neck pain may also be interpreted as a headache. ... Hemifacial spasm or HFS is a neurological disorder in which blood vessels constrict the seventh cranial nerve and cause varying degrees of facial spasming, typically originating around the eye of the afflicted side of the face. ... Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), also called familial spastic paraparesis (FSP), refers to a group of inherited disorders that are characterized by progressive weakness and stiffness of the legs. ... Herpes zoster, colloquially known as shingles, is the reactivation of varicella zoster virus, leading to a crop of painful blisters over the area of a dermatome. ... Herpes zoster, colloquially known as shingles, is the reactivation of varicella zoster virus, leading to a crop of painful blisters over the area of a dermatome. ... Cephalic disorders are congenital conditions that stem from damage to, or abnormal development of, the budding nervous system. ... Cephalic disorders are congenital conditions that stem from damage to, or abnormal development of, the budding nervous system. ... Cushings syndrome or hypercortisolism is an endocrine disorder caused by excessive levels of the endogenous corticosteroid hormone cortisol. ... Hypoxia has several meanings: Hypoxia is the lack of oxygen in tissues, see Hypoxia (medical) Hypoxia is the lack of oxygen in a water body leading to the death of organisms, see Hypoxia (water) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share...

I

Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain, commonly caused by a viral infection. ... Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is an inflammatory muscle disease, characterized by slowly progressive wasting and weakness of the arms and legs. ... Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a disorder that affects the skin, hair, teeth, and nails. ...

J

Joubert syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that affects the area of the brain that controls balance and coordination. ...

K

Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) is a disease caused by mutations in the mitochondrial DNA. As such, it is a rare genetic disease in that it can be heteroplasmic, that is, more than one genome can be in a cell at any given time. ... Kennedy disease (KD) or X-linked spinal-bulbar muscle atrophy is a neuromuscular disease associated with mutations of the androgen receptor (AR). ... Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a rare neurological disorder of unknown causes which appears to be the result of an autoimmune process involving the nervous system. ... Klippel Feil Syndrome (KFS) is a rare disorder characterized by the congenital fusion of any 2 of the 7 cervical vertebrae. ... Krabbe disease (also known as globoid cell leukodystrophy or galactosylceramide lipidosis) is a rare, often fatal degenerative disorder that affects the nervous system. ... Kugelberg-Welander disease (or juvenile spinal muscular atrophy, type III) is an autosomal recessive muscular disease. ... Kuru (also known as laughing sickness due to the outbursts of laughter that mark its second phase) was first noted in New Guinea in the early 1900s. ...

L

Lafora disease is a hereditary disease characterised by the presence of inclusion bodies, known as Lafora bodies, within the cells of neurons, heart, liver, muscle, and skin. ... Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) is a rare disorder of nerve-muscle (neuromuscular) junction. ... Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS), also called progressive epileptic aphasia, is a rare, childhood neurological syndrome characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an abnormal electroencephalogram (EEG). ... Lateral medullary syndrome (also called Wallenbergs syndrome) is a disease in which the patient has difficulty with swallowing or speaking or both owing to one or more patches of dead tissue (known as an infarct) caused by interrupted blood supply to parts of the brain. ... The term learning disability is used to refer to socio-biological conditions that affect a persons communicative capacities and potential to learn. ... Leighs Disease, a form of Leigh syndrome, is a rare neurometabolic disorder that affects the central nervous system. ... // Symptoms tonic seizures, which occur most frequently during non-REM sleep. ... Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, or LNS, is a serious genetic disorder that affects mostly males. ... Leukodystrophy refers to progressive degeneration of the white matter of the brain due to imperfect growth or development of the myelin sheath, the fatty covering that acts as an insulator around nerve fiber. ... Dementia with Lewy bodies is the second most frequent cause of hospitalization for dementia, after Alzheimers disease. ... Cephalic disorders are congenital conditions that stem from damage to, or abnormal development of, the budding nervous system. ... Locked-In syndrome is a condition in which a patient is aware and awake, but cannot move or communicate due to complete paralysis of the body. ... The motor neurone diseases (MND) are a group of progressive neurological disorders that destroy motor neurons, the cells that control voluntary muscle activity such as speaking, walking, breathing, and swallowing. ... Lumbar disc disease is the drying out of the spongy interior matrix of an intervertebral disc. ... Lyme disease or Lyme borreliosis is an infectious tick-borne disease, caused by the Borrelia spirochete, a gram-negative microorganism. ...

M

Cerebellum (in blue) of the human brain Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) is a disease with multiple types, each of which could be considered a disease in its own right. ... Macrencephaly (from Greek makros - big, large and enkephalos - brain) is a condition present at or soon after birth in which the brain is abnormally large. ... Cephalic disorders are congenital conditions that stem from damage to, or abnormal development of, the budding nervous system. ... Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome is a rare neurological disorder characterized by recurring facial paralysis, swelling of the face and lips (usually the upper lip), and the development of folds and furrows in the tongue. ... Ménière’s disease (or syndrome, since its cause is unknown) was first described by French physician Prosper Ménière in 1861. ... Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes (meninges) covering the brain and the spinal cord. ... Menkes disease, also called the kinky hair disease or Menkes kinky hair syndrome, is a disease of abnormal copper metabolism. ... Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is the most common form of a family of genetic diseases known as the leukodystrophies, diseases which affect the growth and/or development of myelin, the fatty covering which acts as an insulator around nerve fibres throughout the central and peripherial nervous systems . ... Clinical features Mobius syndrome(Moebius is an alternate spelling, the two can be used interchangeably)is caused by an abnormal neurodevelopment of the cranial nerves. ... Monomelic amyotrophy (also known as MMA, Hirayamas disease, Sobue disease or Juvenile nonprogressive amyotrophy) is an untreatable, focal, lower motor neuron disease that primarily affects young (15 - 25 year-old) males in India and Japan. ... The motor neurone diseases (MND) are a group of progressive neurological disorders that destroy motor neurons, the cells that control voluntary muscle activity such as speaking, walking, breathing, and swallowing. ... Motor skills disorder (also known as motor coordination disorder or motor dyspraxia) is a human developmental disorder and is neurological in origin. ... Moyamoya disease is an extremely rare disorder in most parts of the world except in Japan. ... The mucopolysaccharidoses are inborn errors of metabolism resulting from the deficiency of specific lysosomal enzymes needed in glycosaminoglycan catabolism. ... For other senses of this word, see dementia (disambiguation). ... The muscular dystrophies are a group of genetic and hereditary muscle diseases; characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscle proteins, and the death of muscle cells and tissue. ... Myasthenia gravis (MG, Latin: grave muscle weakness) is a neuromuscular disease leading to fluctuating weakness and fatiguability. ... Myoclonus is brief, involuntary twitching of a muscle or a group of muscles. ... In medicine, a myopathy is a neuromuscular disease in which the muscle fibers dysfunction for any one of many reasons, resulting in muscular weakness. ... Myotonia congenita is a genetic, neuromuscular disorder characterized by the slow relaxation of the muscles. ...

N

Narcolepsy is a neurological condition characterized by severe fatigue, irresistible episodes of sleep and general sleep disorder. ... Neurofibromatosis is a autosomal dominant genetic disorder. ... Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a life-threatening, neurological disorder most often caused by an adverse reaction to neuroleptic or antipsychotic drugs. ... The Red Ribbon is the global symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (or acronym AIDS or Aids), is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by infection... Lupus erythematosus (also known as systemic lupus erythematosus or SLE) is an autoimmune disorder in which antibodies are created against the patients own DNA. It can cause various symptoms, but the main ones relate to the skin, kidney (lupus nephritis), joints, blood and immune system. ... Neuromyotonia is spontaneous muscular activity resulting from repetitive motor unit action potentials of peripheral origin. ... Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinoses (NCL, also known as Batten disease) is a broad term used to refer to a family of at least eight genetically separate neurodegenerative disorders that result from excessive accumlation of lipopigments, such as lipofuscin, in the bodys tissues. ... Niemann-Pick disease is an inherited condition involving lipid metabolism (the breakdown and use of fats and cholesterol in the body) in which harmful amounts of lipids accumulate in the spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow, and brain. ... Nonverbal Learning Disorder (NLD) is a neurological syndrome consisting of specific assets and deficits. ...

O

Occipital Neuralgia is a medical condition characterized by chronic pain in the upper neck, back of the head, and behind the ears. ... These are a group of diseases characterized by neuronal degeneration in the cerebellum, pontine nuclei, and inferior olive. ... Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a rare neurological disorder of unknown causes which appears to be the result of an autoimmune process involving the nervous system. ... Optic neuritis is the inflammation of the optic nerve that may cause a complete or partial loss of vision. ... In physiology and medicine, hypotension refers to an abnormally low blood pressure. ...

P

Paresthesia (paraesthesia in British) is a sensation of tingling, pricking, or numbness of the skin with no apparent physical cause, more generally known as the feeling of pins and needles. ... Paroxysmal attacks are short, frequent and stereotyped symptoms that can be observed in various clinical conditions. ... Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) is a rare central nervous system disorder in which coordination, motor abilities, and intellectual function are delayed to variable extents. ... Peripheral neuropathy is the medical term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Photic sneeze reflex (also whimsically called ACHOO, a backronym for Autosomal dominant Compelling Helio-Ophthalmic Outburst) is a medical condition by which people exposed to bright light sneeze. ... Picks disease is a dementing illness associated with deterioration of the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. ... Polymicrogyria is a neuronal developmental disorder. ... Poliomyelitis (polio), or infantile paralysis, is a viral paralytic disease. ... Polymicrogyria is a neuronal developmental disorder. ... Bilateral frontoparietal polymicrogyria is a type of polymicrogyria attributed to a defect in the gene GPR56. ... Polymyositis A type of Inflammatory Myopathy, related to Dermatomyositis and Inclusion body myositis. ... Cephalic disorders are congenital conditions that stem from damage to, or abnormal development of, the budding nervous system. ... Poliomyelitis (polio), or infantile paralysis, is a viral paralytic disease. ... Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a painful condition caused by the varicella zoster virus in a dermatomal distribution (the area governed by a particular sensory nerve) after an attack of herpes zoster (HZ) (commonly known as shingles), usually manifesting after the vesicles have crusted over and begun to heal. ... Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain, commonly caused by a viral infection. ... Prader-Willi syndrome is a genetic disorder in which seven genes (or some subset thereof) on chromosome 15 are missing or unexpressed (chromosome 15q partial deletion). ... This article has been identified as possibly containing errors. ... Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), also known as progressive multifocal leukoencephalitis, is a rare and usually fatal viral disease that is characterized by progressive damage (-pathy) or inflammation (-itis) of the white matter (leuko-) of the brain (-encephalo-) at multiple locations (multifocal). ... Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (or the Steele-Richardson-Olszewski syndrome) is a rare congenital disorder involving the gradual deterioration and death of selected neurons in the brain. ... Benign intracranial hypertension (BIH), also known by the obsolete term pseudotumor cerebri is a neurologic disease that is caused by increased intracranial pressure in the subarachnoid space surrounding the brain without any indication of intracranial pathology. ...

Q

R

Ramsay-Hunt syndrome is a disorder that is caused by the destruction of one of the ganglions of the facial nerve, which is responsible from the movements of facial muscles, the touch sensation of a part of ear and ear canal, the taste function of the frontal two-thirds of... Rasmussens encephalitis is a rare, progressive neurological disorder, characterized by frequent and severe seizures, loss of motor skills and speech, hemiparesis (paralysis on one side of the body), encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), dementia, and mental deterioration. ... Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS) — also known as complex regional pain syndrome (CPRS)— is a chronic condition characterized by severe burning pain, pathological changes in bone and skin, excessive sweating, tissue swelling, and extreme sensitivity to touch. ... Repetitive strain injury, also called repetitive stress injury or typing injury, is an occupational overuse syndrome affecting the tendons and nerves. ... Restless legs syndrome (RLS, or Wittmaack-Ekboms syndrome, which is not to be confused with Ekboms syndrome) is a poorly understood and often misdiagnosed neurological disorder characterized by unpleasant or painful sensations in the bodys extremities and an overwhelming urge to move them. ... Rett syndrome (Rett syndrome, Retts disorder) is a progressive neurological disorder. ... Reyes syndrome is a potentially fatal disease that causes numerous detrimental effects to many organs, especially the brain and liver. ...

S

Chorea is the occurrence of continuous rapid, jerky, involuntary movements that may involve the face and limb and result in an inability to maintain a posture. ... Sandhoff disease is a rare inherited disorder that causes progressive destruction of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. ... Cephalic disorders are congenital conditions that stem from damage to, or abnormal development of, the budding nervous system. ... Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) is a congenital malformation syndrome manifested by hypoplasia (underdevelopment) of the optic nerve, hypopituitarism, and absence of the septum pellucidum (a midline part of the brain). ... Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) describes a variety of outcomes that may occur as a result of shaking or hitting the head of an infant or small child. ... Herpes zoster, colloquially known as shingles, is the reactivation of varicella zoster virus, leading to a crop of painful blisters over the area of a dermatome. ... Shy-Drager syndrome (named after Dr. Milton Shy and Dr. Glenn Drager, who identified this syndrome in 1960) is a rare, progressively degenerative disease of the autonomic nervous system. ... Sjögrens syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which immune cells attack and destroy the glands that produce tears and saliva. ... Sleep apnea (alternatively sleep apnoea) is a common sleep disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. ... Sleeping sickness or African trypanosomiasis is a parasitic disease in humans. ... Sotos syndrome (also known as cerebral gigantism) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by excessive physical growth during the first 2 to 3 years of life. ... Spasticity is a disorder of the bodys motor system in which certain muscles are continuously contracted. ... Cross-section through cervical spinal cord. ... Cross-section through cervical spinal cord. ... Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (or the Steele-Richardson-Olszewski syndrome) is a rare congenital disorder involving the gradual deterioration and death of selected neurons in the brain. ... Cerebellum (in blue) of the human brain Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) is a disease with multiple types, each of which could be considered a disease in its own right. ... First described by Moersch and Woltman at the Mayo Clinic in 1956, stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare neurologic disorder of unknown etiology. ... A stroke or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) occurs when the blood supply to a part of the brain is suddenly interrupted. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is a rare chronic, progressive encephalitis that affects primarily children and young adults, caused by the measles virus. ... Syncope has two distinct and apparantly unrelated meanings, one in linguistics and another in medicne. ... An uncollapsed syrinx (before surgery). ...

T

Tardive dyskinesia is a serious neurological disorder caused by the long-term use of traditional or typical antipsychotic drugs. ... Tay-Sachs disease (abbreviated TSD, also known as GM2 gangliosidosis) is a fatal genetic disorder, inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, in which harmful quantities of a fatty substance called ganglioside GM2 accumulate in the nerve cells in the brain. ... Temporal arteritis, also called giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an inflammatory disease of blood vessels (most commonly large and medium arteries of the head). ... Thomsen disease, a form of Myotonia congenita, is a muscular genetic disorder characterized by muscle stiffness (cramp) and an inability of the muscle to relax after a voluntary contraction. ... Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) consists of a group of distinct disorders that affect the nerves in the brachial plexus (nerves that pass into the arms from the neck) and various nerves and blood vessels between the base of the neck and axilla (armpit). ... Trigeminal neuralgia, or Tic Douloreux, is a neuropathic disorder of the trigeminal nerve that causes episodes of intense pain in the eyes, lips, nose, scalp, forehead, upper jaw, and lower jaw. ... Todds palsy, also known as Todds paralysis, consists of focal neurological signs (such as opthalmoplegia or hemiplegia) following an epileptic seizure. ... Tourette syndrome — also called Tourettes syndrome, Tourettes disorder, or Gilles de la Tourette syndrome — is a neurological or neurochemical disorder characterized by tics: involuntary, rapid, sudden movements or vocalizations that occur repeatedly in the same way. ... Transient ischemic attacks (TIA) are caused by temporary disturbance of blood supply to a restricted area of brain and cause recurrent and brief (less than 24 hours) neurologic dysfunctions. ... Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as mad cow disease, is a fatal, neurodegenerative disease of cattle, which infects by a mechanism that shocked biologists on its discovery in late 20th century and appears transmissible to humans. ... Transverse myelitis is a neurologic disorder caused by a loss of the myelin encasing the spinal cord, also known as demyelination. ... Head injury is a trauma to the head, that may or may not include injury to the brain (see also brain injury). ... Tremor is the rhythmic, oscillating shaking movement of the whole body or just a certain part of it, caused by problems of the neurons responsible from muscle action. ... Trigeminal neuralgia, or Tic Douloureux, is a neuropathic disorder of the trigeminal nerve that causes episodes of intense pain in the eyes, lips, nose, scalp, forehead, and jaw. ... Tropical spastic paraparesis is an infection of the spinal cord by Human T-lymphotropic virus resulting in paraparesis, or weakness of the legs. ... Trypanosomiasis is the name of the diseases caused by parasitic protozoan trypanosomes of the genus trypanosoma in vertebrates. ... Tuberous sclerosis, (meaning hard potatoes), is a rare genetic disorder primarily characterized by a triad of seizures, mental retardation, and skin lesions (called adenoma sebaceum). ...

U

V

  • Vasculitis including temporal arteritis
  • Von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL)

Von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) is a rare inherited genetic condition involving the abnormal growth of tumors in parts of the body which are particularly rich in blood supply. ...

W

Lateral medullary syndrome (also called Wallenbergs syndrome) is a disease in which the patient has difficulty with swallowing or speaking or both owing to one or more patches of dead tissue (known as an infarct) caused by interrupted blood supply to parts of the brain. ... Werdnig-Hoffman disease (or Infantile spinal muscular atrophy, type I) is an autosomal recessive muscular disease. ... West syndrome, otherwise known as infantile spasms, is an uncommon to rare cause of epilepsy in infants. ... Whiplash is the result of impulsive stretching of the spine, often the result of a rear-end collision between cars or trucks. ... Williams syndrome (Williams-Beuren syndrome) is a rare genetic disorder, occurring in fewer than 1 in every 20,000 live births. ... Wilsons disease or lentigohepatic degeneration is an autosomal recessive hereditary disease, with an incidence of about 1 in 30,000. ...

Y

Z

The original version of this list is from the NIH public domain [1] Zellweger syndrome is a rare, congenital disorder (present at birth), characterized by the reduction or absence of peroxisomes (cell structures that rid the body of toxic substances) in the cells of the liver, kidneys, and brain. ... NIH can refer to: National Institutes of Health Norwegian School of Sports Sciences: (Norges idrettshøgskole - NIH) Not Invented Here This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Wikinfo | Neurological disorder (201 words)
Neurological disorders are a group of disorders that involve the central nervous system (brain, brainstem and cerebellum), the peripheral nervous system (including cranial nerves), and the autonomic nervous system (parts of which are located in both central and peripheral nervous system).
Major branches are headache, stupor and coma, dementia, seizure, sleep disorders, trauma, infections, neoplasms, neuroophthalmology, movement disorders, demyelinating diseases, spinal cord disorders, and disorders of peripheral nerves, muscle and neuromuscular junctions.
They are not traditionally listed as neurological diseases because their causes are not definitely determined as biological, although there are good reasons to suspect that bipolar disorder and schizophrenia have neuro-chemical causes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m