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Encyclopedia > List of nearest galaxies

The reader should be aware that there are certain unavoidable difficulties with this list.

  • It is probably incomplete. Previously unknown objects are being discovered all the time. The reader will see that even some of the closest items are among the latest found. Satellite galaxies of the Milky Way located at the far side of our galaxy are extremely difficult to discern through the bulk of our home system. In fact it is possible for any galaxy to mask another located beyond it. Additionally, small, dim galaxies that would be placed at the bottom of the list are also difficult to observe. There is thus no reason to believe that new discoveries will not be made in the future.
  • Although the editors have combed the literature, it is certainly possible that already discovered galaxies have escaped our notice and, thus, not yet been listed.
  • Distance estimates are continually being refined. The list includes what are considered to be the latest and the best, but these are not to be taken as final. Not only may the distances, themselves, be expected to be updated in the future, but these changes may well alter the order in which the galaxies are listed.
  • The galaxies' distances are far too great to be measured directly via parallax. Other, less precise methods, such as using cepheid variables, are employed. This leads to an inevitable margin for error, in some cases rising as high as 50%.
  • A galaxy is an immense object. The distances from the closest edge - an ill-defined spot in itself - to the galactic core spans thousands, possibly up to a quarter million, lightyears. The distance estimates, therefore, are merely to some spot within the galaxies.
  • Please note that these distances are from Earth. A satellite galaxy of the Milky Way on our side of our galaxy may well be listed as closer than one on the far side which is actually orbiting closer in to the Galactic core. This discrepancy might be compounded for a dwarf galaxy embedded in, and being cannibalized by, the Milky Way.

Caveat lector. This does not cite its references or sources. ... A Cepheid variable is a member of a particular class of variable stars, notable for a fairly tight correlation between their period of variability and absolute stellar luminosity. ... A light year, abbreviated ly, is the distance light travels in one year: roughly 9. ...

  Galaxy Distance   Notes
1.  Milky Way Galaxy   Home galaxy of Earth
2.  Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy 25,000    Satellite of Milky Way
3.  Virgo Stellar Stream 30,000  [1]  Discovered October 2005
4.  Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy 81,000    Satellite of Milky Way
5.  Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) 168,000    Satellite of Milky Way
6.  Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) 200,000    Satellite of Milky Way
7.  Ursa Minor Dwarf Galaxy 240,000    Satellite of Milky Way
8.  Sculptor Dwarf Galaxy 254,000    Satellite of Milky Way
9.  Draco Dwarf Galaxy 280,000    Satellite of Milky Way
10.  Sextans Dwarf Galaxy 320,000    Satellite of Milky Way
11.  Ursa Major Dwarf 330,000    Satellite of Milky Way
12.  Carina Dwarf Galaxy 360,000    Satellite of Milky Way
13.  Fornax Dwarf Galaxy 460,000    Satellite of Milky Way
14.  Leo II Dwarf Galaxy 680,000  [2]
15.  Leo I Dwarf Galaxy 820,000  [2]
16.  Phoenix Dwarf Galaxy 1,300,000  [2]
17.  Barnard's Galaxy (NGC 6822) 1,630,000  [2]
18.  NGC 185 2,010,000  [3] Satellite of Andromeda
19.  Andromeda II 2,130,000  [3] Satellite of Andromeda
20.  NGC 147 2,200,000  [3] Satellite of Andromeda
21.  Leo A 2,250,000  [2]
22.  IC 1613 2,350,000  [2]
23.  Andromeda I 2,430,000  [3] Satellite of Andromeda
24.  Andromeda III 2,440,000  [3] Satellite of Andromeda
25.  Cetus Dwarf 2,460,000  [3]
26.  M32 (NGC 221) 2,480,000  [2] Satellite of Andromeda
27.  Andromeda VII 2,490,000  [3]
28.  Andromeda IX 2,500,000  [3]
29.  LGS 3 2,510,000  [3] Satellite of Triangulum
30.  Andromeda V 2,520,000  [3]
31.  Andromeda VI 2,550,000  [3]
32.  Andromeda Galaxy (M31) 2,560,000  [3]
33.  Triangulum Galaxy (M33) 2,640,000  [3] Most distant naked eye object
34.  M110 (NGC 205) 2,690,000  [3] Satellite of Andromeda
35.  Andromeda VIII 2,700,000   
36.  Tucana Dwarf Galaxy 2,840,000   
37.  Andromeda X 2,900,000   
38.  Pegasus Dwarf Irregular Galaxy 3,000,000  [3]
39.  Wolf-Lundmark-Melotte Galaxy (WLM) 3,040,000  [3]
40.  Aquarius Dwarf Galaxy 3,490,000  [3]
41.  IC 10 4,200,000   
42.  Sagittarius Dwarf Irregular Galaxy 4,200,000   
43.  Sextans A 4,310,000  [4]
44.  NGC 3109 4,500,000   
45.  Antlia Dwarf 4,600,000   
46.  Sextans B 4,700,000   
47.  UGCA 92 4,700,000   
48.  UKS 2323-326 4,700,000   
49.  IC 5152 5,800,000   
50.  NGC 55 5,870,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group?
51.  UGCA 86 6,200,000   
52.  ESO 294-010 6,260,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
53.  ESO 410-G005 6,260,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
54.  Camelopardalis A 6,500,000   
55.  IC 5152 6,750,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group?
56.  NGC 300 7,010,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
57.  UGCA 438 (ESO 407-018) 7,270,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
58.  NGC 1560 7,500,000   
59.  NGC 1569 7,500,000   
60.  GR 8 7,900,000   
61.  NGC 404 8,000,000   
62.  UGC 8508 8,350,000  [5]
63.  NGC 3741 10,210,000  [5]
64.  NGC 2366 10,400,000  [5] member of the M81 group
65.  DDO 44 10,400,000  [5] member of the M81 group
66.  UGC 4483 10,470,000  [5] member of the M81 group
67.  UGCA 105 10,630,000  [5]
68.  NGC 2403 10,760,000  [5] member of the M81 group
69.  Camelopardalis B 10,800,000  [5]
70.  DDO 6 (ESO 540-031) 10,900,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
71.  NGC 1560 10,960,000  [5]
72.  Holmberg II (DDO 50, UGC 4305) 11,060,000  [5] member of the M81 group
73.  ESO 540-030 (KDG 2) 11,100,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
74.  FM1 11,150,000  [5] member of the M81 group
75.  ESO 540-032 11,200,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
76.  KK 77 11,350,000  [5] member of the M81 group
77.  DDO 71 11,420,000  [5] member of the M81 group
78.  M82 11,510,000  [5] member of the M81 group
79.  KDG 52 11,580,000  [5] member of the M81 group
80.  NGC 2976 11,610,000  [5] member of the M81 group
81.  DDO 53 (UGC 4459) 11,610,000  [5] member of the M81 group
82.  KDG 61 11,740,000  [5] member of the M81 group
83.  M81 11,840,000  [5] member of the M81 group
84.  UGC 5442 (KDG 64) 12,070,000  [5] member of the M81 group
85.  KDG 73 12,070,000  [5] member of the M81 group
86.  DDO 78 12,130,000  [5] member of the M81 group
87.  F8D1 12,300,000  [5] member of the M81 group
88.  BK5N 12,330,000  [5] member of the M81 group
89.  Camelopardalis A 12,330,000  [5]
90.  NGC 3077 12,460,000  [5] member of the M81 group
91.  Holmberg I (DDO 63, UGC 5139) 12,520,000  [5] member of the M81 group
92.  BK6N 12,560,000  [5] member of the M81 group
93.  NGC 7793 12,800,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
94.  KKH57 12,820,000  [5] member of the M81 group
95.  NGC 253 12,900,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
96.  UGC 6541 12,920,000  [5]
97.  DDO 82 (UGC 5692) 13,050,000  [5] member of the M81 group
98.  BK3N 13,110,000  [5] member of the M81 group
99.  IC 2574 (DDO 81) 13,110,000  [5] member of the M81 group
100.  NGC 247 13,300,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
101.  Sculptor Dwarf Irregular Galaxy 13,400,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
102.  UGC 7298 13,600,000  [5]
103.  Sc 22 13,700,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
104.  ESO 471-06 (UGCA 442) 13,900,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
105.  UGC 7242 14,000,000  [5] member of the M81 group?
106.  ESO 245-005 14,400,000  [6] member of the Sculptor group
107.  UGC 6456 14,450,000  [5] member of the M81 group?
108.  NGC 4236 14,510,000  [5] member of the M81 group?
109.  NGC 5204 14,510,000  [5]
110.  DDO 165 (UGC 8201) 14,910,000  [5] member of the M81 group?

The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Galaxia Kuklos; or simply the Galaxy) is a barred spiral galaxy in the Local Group, and has special significance to humanity as the location of the solar system, which is located near the Orion... Adjectives: Terrestrial, Terran, Telluric, Tellurian, Earthly Atmosphere Surface pressure: 101. ... The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy is located in the same part of the sky as the constellation of Canis Major. ... The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Γαλαξίας (Galaxias), sometimes referred to simply as the Galaxy), is a barred spiral galaxy of the Local Group. ... The Virgo Stellar Stream (or Virgo Overdensity) is the proposed name for a stream of stars in the constellation of Virgo which was discovered in 2005. ... The Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy (Sag DEG) is a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way Galaxy. ... The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Γαλαξίας (Galaxias), sometimes referred to simply as the Galaxy), is a barred spiral galaxy of the Local Group. ... The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC for short) is a dwarf galaxy that orbits our own galaxy, the Milky Way. ... The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Γαλαξίας (Galaxias), sometimes referred to simply as the Galaxy), is a barred spiral galaxy of the Local Group. ... The Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) is a dwarf galaxy[1] in orbit around the Milky Way Galaxy. ... The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Γαλαξίας (Galaxias), sometimes referred to simply as the Galaxy), is a barred spiral galaxy of the Local Group. ... The Ursa Minor Dwarf dwarf galaxy was discovered by A.G. Wilson of the Lowell Observatory in 1954. ... The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Γαλαξίας (Galaxias), sometimes referred to simply as the Galaxy), is a barred spiral galaxy of the Local Group. ... for SDIG, see Sculptor Dwarf Irregular Galaxy The Sculptor Dwarf Galaxy (also called E351-G30, PGC 3589, A0058, Sculptor Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy) is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy in the Local Group that is a satellite of the Milky Way in the direction of the constellation of Sculptor. ... The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Γαλαξίας (Galaxias), sometimes referred to simply as the Galaxy), is a barred spiral galaxy of the Local Group. ... The Draco Dwarf galaxy was discovered by Albert G. Wilson of Lowell Observatory in 1954. ... The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Γαλαξίας (Galaxias), sometimes referred to simply as the Galaxy), is a barred spiral galaxy of the Local Group. ... Sextans Dwarf on November 3, 1998 The Sextans Dwarf is a dwarf galaxy that was discovered in 1990 by Mike Irwin, M.T. Bridgeland, P.S. Bunclark and R.G. McMahon as the 8th satellite of the Milky Way [1], and is named fittingly, as it is part of Sextans... The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Γαλαξίας (Galaxias), sometimes referred to simply as the Galaxy), is a barred spiral galaxy of the Local Group. ... Ursa Major Dwarf is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy orbiting the Milky Way galaxy. ... The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Γαλαξίας (Galaxias), sometimes referred to simply as the Galaxy), is a barred spiral galaxy of the Local Group. ... The Carina Dwarf is a dwarf galaxy in the Carina constellation. ... The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Γαλαξίας (Galaxias), sometimes referred to simply as the Galaxy), is a barred spiral galaxy of the Local Group. ... The Fornax Dwarf is a dwarf galaxy in the constellation Fornax that was discovered in 1938 by Harlow Shapley. ... The Milky Way (a translation of the Latin Via Lactea, in turn derived from the Greek Γαλαξίας (Galaxias), sometimes referred to simply as the Galaxy), is a barred spiral galaxy of the Local Group. ... Leo II (or Leo B) is an dwarf spheroidal galaxy of the Local Group, in the constellation of Leo. ... The Leo I Dwarf Galaxy (or simply Leo I) is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy in the Local Group. ... The Phoenix Dwarf Galaxy is a dwarf galaxy and an irregular galaxy that was discovered in 1976 by Hans-Emil Schuster and Richard Martin West and mistaken for a globular cluster. ... NGC 6822 (also known as Barnards Galaxy or IC 4895) is a barred irregular galaxy approximately 1. ... NGC 6822 taken by Bob Sackett NGC 6822, or Barnards Galaxy is an irregular galaxy part of the local group and was discovered by E. E. Barnard in 1884, with a six inch refractor telescope. ... The Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy NGC 185 (or simply NGC 185) is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy in the Cassiopeia constellation. ... M31 in a small telescope The Andromeda Galaxy (IPA: , also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224; older texts often called it the Andromeda Nebula) is a spiral galaxy approximately 2. ... Andromeda II (And 2) is a dwarf spheroidal satellite in the neighborhood of the Andromeda Galaxy M31 and even closer situated to the Triangulum Galaxy M33; it is not quite clear if it is a satellite of the one or the other galaxy. ... M31 in a small telescope The Andromeda Galaxy (IPA: , also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224; older texts often called it the Andromeda Nebula) is a spiral galaxy approximately 2. ... Dwarf spheroidal galaxy NGC 147 is a member of the Local Group of galaxies. ... M31 in a small telescope The Andromeda Galaxy (IPA: , also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224; older texts often called it the Andromeda Nebula) is a spiral galaxy approximately 2. ... Leo A or Leo III is an irregular galaxy in the constellation Leo. ... IC 1613 is an irregular galaxy and a dwarf galaxy in the Cetus constellation. ... Andromeda I, also known as And 1, is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy (dSph). ... M31 in a small telescope The Andromeda Galaxy (IPA: , also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224; older texts often called it the Andromeda Nebula) is a spiral galaxy approximately 2. ... Category: Galaxy stubs ... M31 in a small telescope The Andromeda Galaxy (IPA: , also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224; older texts often called it the Andromeda Nebula) is a spiral galaxy approximately 2. ... Cetus Dwarf is an Dwarf spheroidal galaxy. ... Elliptical Galaxy M32 (also known as Messier Object 32, Messier 32, M32, or NGC 221) is a dwarf elliptical galaxy in the Andromeda constellation, a satellite of the Andromeda Galaxy, and a member of the Local Group galaxies. ... Elliptical Galaxy M32 (also known as Messier Object 32, Messier 32, M32, or NGC 221) is a dwarf elliptical galaxy in the Andromeda constellation, a satellite of the Andromeda Galaxy, and a member of the Local Group galaxies. ... M31 in a small telescope The Andromeda Galaxy (IPA: , also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224; older texts often called it the Andromeda Nebula) is a spiral galaxy approximately 2. ... The Cassiopeia Dwarf (also known as Andromeda VII) is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy about 2. ... Andromeda IX (Andromeda 9, And IX) is a dwarf spheroidal satellite of the Andromeda Galaxy, it was discovered in 2004 by resolved stellar photometry from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), by Zucker et. ... LGS 3 is an irregular galaxy and a dwarf galaxy that is suspected to be part of the local group. ... The Triangulum Galaxy (also known as Messier 33 or NGC 598) is a spiral galaxy about 3. ... Andromeda V (And V 5) is a dwarf spheroidal satellite of the Andromeda Galaxy. ... The Pegasus Dwarf Spheroidal (also known as Pegasus dSph, Pegasus II, Andromeda VI, or KKH 99) is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy and a companion of the Andromeda Galaxy in the Local Group. ... M31 in a small telescope The Andromeda Galaxy (IPA: , also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224; older texts often called it the Andromeda Nebula) is a spiral galaxy approximately 2. ... This image is a Galaxy Evolution Explorer observation of the large galaxy in Andromeda, Messier 31. ... The Triangulum Galaxy (also known as Messier 33 or NGC 598) is a spiral galaxy about 3. ... The Triangulum Galaxy (also known as Messier 33 or NGC 598) is a spiral galaxy about 3. ... M110 refers to: Messier 110 — a Messier object and an elliptical galaxy in the Andromeda constellation. ... The Elliptical Galaxy M110 (also known as Messier Object 110, Messier 110, M110, or NGC 205) is an elliptical galaxy in the Andromeda constellation, a satellite of the Andromeda Galaxy, and a member of the Local Group galaxies. ... M31 in a small telescope The Andromeda Galaxy (IPA: , also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224; older texts often called it the Andromeda Nebula) is a spiral galaxy approximately 2. ... Andromeda VIII (And VIII / 8) was discovered by Heather L. Morrison, Paul Harding, and Denise Hurley-Keller of Case Western Reserve University, and George Jacoby of WIYN Observatory in August 2003. ... The Tucana Dwarf Galaxy is a dwarf galaxy in the constellation Tucana. ... Andromeda X (And 10) is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy about 2. ... The Pegasus Dwarf Irregular Galaxy (also known as UGC 12613, DDO 216, A2304, Peg DIG, or the Pegasus Dwarf) is an irregular galaxy and a dwarf galaxy in the Pegasus constellation. ... The Wolf-Lundmark-Melotte (WLM) galaxy is an irregular galaxy discovered in 1909 by Max Wolf, and is located on the outer edges of the local group. ... This article should be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Picture of the Aquarius Dwarf, courtesy of NASA The Aquarius Dwarf galaxy is an dwarf galaxy and an irregular galaxy, that was first catalogued in 1966 by the DDO survey. ... Irregular Galaxy IC 10. ... The Sagittarius Dwarf Irregular Galaxy or SagDIG is a dwarf galaxy in the constellation of Sagittarius. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Sextans Dwarf Spheroidal. ... NGC 3109 is a small irregular galaxy between 4. ... Antlia Dwarf is an Dwarf spheroidal galaxy. ... Sextans B ( UGC 5373,DDO 70 ) is an irregular galaxy that is part of the Local Group. ... IC 5152 is an irregular galaxy 5. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | NGC objects | Sculptor group | Barred spiral galaxies ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... UGCA 86 is an irregular galaxy within the IC 342/Maffei Group. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... IC 5152 is an irregular galaxy 5. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | NGC objects | Sculptor group | Spiral galaxies ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... NGC 1569 is an irregular galaxy and dwarf galaxy in Camelopardalis that was discovered by William Herschel on November 4, 1788. ... UGC 8091 (also known as GR 8) is an irregular galaxy. ... NGC 404, also known as Mirachs Ghost, is a small galaxy visible in amateur telescopes near the star Mirach in the constellation Andromeda. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... NGC 2403 is a spiral galaxy in the Camelopardalis constellation. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... Messier 82 (also known as NGC 3034 or the Cigar Galaxy) is a starburst galaxy about 12 million light-years away in the constellation Ursa Major. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... Part of the M81 group,[] NGC 2976, located 1° 20′ southwest of M81, is an unbarred spiral galaxy. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... Bodes Galaxy, also known as M81 and NGC 3031, is a spiral galaxy located 12 million light years from Earth in the Ursa Major constellation. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... NGC 3077 is a smaller member of the M81 Group. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... NGC 7793 is a spiral galaxy about 12. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... Spiral Galaxy NGC 256, the Sculptor Galaxy. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... NGC 247 is an Intermediate spiral galaxy about 12. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The Sculptor Dwarf Irregular Galaxy (SDIG) —also known as ESO 349-G31 or PGC 621— is an irregular galaxy in the Sculptor group of galaxies. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The Sculptor group of galaxies (also known as the South Polar group of galaxies, the South Polar group, or simply the Sculptor group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ... The M81 group of galaxies (or simply the M81 group) is a physical group and a galaxy cluster. ...

See also

NGC 4414, a typical spiral galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, is about 17,000 parsecs in diameter and approximately 20 million parsecs distant. ... A member of the Local Group of galaxies, irregular galaxy Sextans A is 4. ...

References

  1.   astro-ph/0510589
  2.   van den Bergh, Sidney (April 2000). "Updated Information on the Local Group". The Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 112 (770): 529–536. 
  3.   McConnachie, A. W. et al. (2005). "Distances and Metallicities for 17 Local Group Galaxies". MNRAS 356: 979. arXiv:astro-ph/0410489. 
  4.   Dolphin, Andrew E. et al. (March 2003). "Deep Hubble Space Telescope Imaging of Sextans A. II. Cepheids and Distance". The Astronomical Journal 125: 1261. 
  5.   Karachentsev, I. D. et al. (2002). "The M 81 group of galaxies: New distances, kinematics and structure". Astronomy and Astrophysics 383: 125–136. 
  6.   Karachentsev, I. D. et al. (June 2003). "Distances to Nearby Galaxies in Sculptor". Astronomy and Astrophysics 404: 93. arXiv:astro-ph/0302045. 

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