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Encyclopedia > List of motors of WW2 Luftwaffe Aircraft

This is a list of all German Motors including all aircraft engines, rocket motors, jets and any other powerplants, along with a very basic description.


The RLM used an internal designation system that included a number signifying the engine type, 9 for piston engines and 109 for jets and rockets, followed by a manufacturer's code. Each company was assigned a block of numbers for their designs:

  • 090-099 - various minor manufacturers
  • 100-199 - Bayerische Motorenwerke GmbH (BMW); later changed to 800 block
  • 200-299 - Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke A.G.
  • 300-399 - BMW-Flugmotorenwerke Brandenburg GmbH (BMW-Bramo)
  • 400-499 - Argus-Motoren GmbH
  • 500-599 - Heinkel Hirth Motoren GmbH
  • 600-699 - Daimler-Benz A.G.
  • 700-799 - Klöckner-Humboldt-Deutz A.G.
  • 800-899 - Bayerische Motorenwerke GmbH (BMW)

Using this system the famous BMW engine used in the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 would be known as the 9-801. However this system was not widely used, even within the RLM, and a common name consisting of th manufacturer's name (often abbreviated) followed by the model number was much more common. The list below uses the common BMW 801 instead of the official 9-801.


Engines produced before the RLM's designation system was set up are often listed using the same basic terminology. So while the interwar Argus 10 engine can be referred to as the As 10, it is not correct to call it the 9-10, this designation was never applied.

(incomplete listings)

Notable engines:


BMW 003 BMW 801 Walter HWK 109-509

Contents

Piston Engines (Motors):

Argus Motoren

  • As 401 eight-cylinder
  • As 402
  • As 410 12-cylinder, air-cooled
  • As 411 larger development of the 410
  • As 412 H-block development of the 410
  • As 413

Bayerische Motorenwerke

  • BMW 112 12-cylinder, (prototype)
  • BMW 114 9-cylinder, water-cooled, radial (prototypes)
  • BMW 116
  • BMW 801 16-cylinder two-row radial
  • BMW 802
  • BMW 803
  • BMW 804
  • BMW 804

Daimler-Benz

  • DB 600 12-cylinder inverted-V
  • DB 601
  • DB 602
  • DB 603
  • DB 604 (prototype)
  • DB 605
  • DB 606
  • DB 607
  • DB 609
  • DB 610
  • DB 612
  • DB 613
  • DB 614 24-cylinder
  • DB 615
  • DB 616
  • DB 617
  • DB 618
  • DB 619
  • DB 620
  • DB 621 12-cylinder
  • DB 622 12-cylinder
  • DB 623 12-cylinder
  • DB 624
  • DB 625
  • DB 626
  • DB 627 12-cylinder
  • DB 628 12-cylinder
  • DB 629
  • DB 630
  • DB 631
  • DB 632 12-cylinder

Kloeckner-Humboldt-Deutz

  • DZ 710 16-cylinder horizontally opposed diesel
  • DZ 720 H-block version of the 710

Hirth Motoren and Heinkel-Hirth

  • HM 504 4...
  • HM 506 6...
  • HM 508 8...
  • HM 512 and 12 cylinder air-cooled inverted inlines

Junkers Motoren

Jet and Rocket Engines:

(Rocket engines, turboprops, turbojets, and other non-piston engines included)
For the Last three digits: 001-499 Air Breathing, 500-999 Non-Air Breathing (Rockets)


Air-Breathing:

(turbojets, turboprops, pulsejets, .... )

  • Heinkel HeS 3
  • 109-001 Heinkel HeS 8
  • 109-002 BMW-Bramo 002
  • 109-003 BMW 003 turbojet
  • 109-004 Junkers Jumo 004 turbojet
  • 109-005 Porsche 005
  • 109-006 Junkers/Heinkel 006
  • 109-007 Daimler-Benz 007
  • 109-011 Heinkel HeS 11
  • 109-012 Junkers 012
  • 109-014 Argus As 014 pulsejet
  • 109-016 Daimler-Benz 016 turbojet
  • 109-018 BMW 018 turbojet
  • 109-021 Heinkel HeS 21 turboprop, (project)
  • 109-022 Junkers 022
  • 109-028 BMW 028, (project)
  • 109-044 Argus 044

Rockets

(non-air breathing engines: liquid fuel rocket, solid fuel rocket)

  • 109-500 Walter
  • 109-501 Walter, rocket (liquid fuel)
  • 109-502 Rheinmetall
  • 109-505 Schmidding, rocket (solid fuel)
  • 109-506 WASAG
  • 109-507 Walter
  • 109-508
  • 109-509 Walter HWK 109-509 liquid-fuel rocket
  • 109-510 BMW, 109-511 rocket (liquid fuel)
  • 109-511 BMW
  • 109-512 WASAG, rocket (solid fuel)
  • 109-513 Schmidding
  • 109-515 Rheinmetall, rocket (solid fuel)
  • 109-522 WASAG, rocket (solid fuel)
  • 109-528 BMW
  • 109-532 WASAG, rocket (solid fuel)
  • 109-533 Schmidding, rocket (solid fuel)
  • 109-543 Schmidding, rocket (solid fuel)
  • 109-515 Rheinmetall
  • 109-548 BMW
  • 109-553 Schmidding
  • 109-558 BMW, rocket (liquid fuel)
  • 109-559 Walter
  • 109-563 Schmidding, rocket (solid fuel)
  • 109-573 Schmidding, rocket (solid fuel)
  • 109-593 Schmidding, rocket (solid fuel)
  • 109-603 Schmidding, rocket (solid fuel)
  • 109-613 Konrad
  • 109-708 BMW
  • 109-718 BMW
  • 109-719 Walter
  • 109-729 Walter, rocket (liquid fuel)
  • 109-739 Walter

Other

  • Walter R I-203
  • Walter R II-203

Related:

(note: orginzational standards for listings are sill in flux)


See also: turbojet, turboprop, pulsejet, rocket, motor, internal combustion engine, WW2

List of Aircraft | Aircraft Manufacturers | Aircraft Engines | Aircraft Engine Manufacturers


Airlines | Air Forces | Aircraft Weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation


  Results from FactBites:
 
BIGpedia - Reichsluftfahrtministerium - Encyclopedia and Dictionary Online (748 words)
This is often considered the birth of the Luftwaffe.
The only thing the Luftwaffe had in any number were men, so many in fact that some were formed into a infantry division under command of the Luftwaffe, concept that was invented simply to keep from losing them to the Army.
Aircraft production shot up, and projects that had been hampered for political reasons, like the Heinkel He 219 Uhu were finally able to proceed.
BBC - WW2 People's War - A Boy's War Chapter 1 (2966 words)
Even the few motor vehicles on the streets were limited to one nearside headlight from which all but the narrowest of beam had been obliterated by a slatted metal mask attached to it.
While on the subject of motors it might be of interest to know that with a shortage of petrol some vehicles had a rack fitted on their roofs on which sat a large inflated ‘bag’ filled with town gas, which fed the modified engine.
When the Luftwaffe had vented their spleen on that city, it was then the turn of Bristol which was not far away.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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