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Encyclopedia > List of military operations

Ramses II at the Battle of Kadesh (relief at Abu Simbel) The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... from Swedish Wikipedia The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Download high resolution version (819x768, 141 KB)A front view of an M1A1 Abrams, from www. ...

War
Military history
Eras
Prehistoric · Ancient · Medieval
Gunpowder · Industrial · Modern
Battlespace
Air · Information · Land · Sea · Space
Theaters
Arctic · Cyberspace · Desert
Jungle · Mountain · Urban
Weapons
Armoured · Artillery · Biological · Cavalry
Chemical · Electronic · Infantry ·
Mechanized · Nuclear · Psychological
Radiological · Ski · Submarine
Tactics

Amphibious · Asymmetric · Attrition
Cavalry · Conventional · Fortification
Guerrilla · Hand to hand · Invasion
Joint · Maneuver · Siege · Total
Trench · Unconventional The United States detonated an atomic bomb over Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. ... Military history is composed of the events in the history of humanity that fall within the category of conflict. ... Prehistoric warfare is war conducted in the era before writing, states and other such large social organizations. ... Ancient warfare is war as conducted from the beginnings of recorded history to the end of the ancient period. ... Medieval warfare is the warfare of the European Middle Ages. ... Gunpowder warfare is associated with the start of the widespread use of gunpowder and the development of suitable weapons to use the explosive. ... Modern warfare is a complex affair, involving the widespread use of highly advanced technology. ... Battlespace is the military theatre of operations, including air, ground, information, sea and space. ... Aerial warfare is the use of military aircraft and other flying machines for the purposes of warfare. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... War is a state of widespread conflict between states, organisations, or relatively large groups of people, which is characterised by the use of lethal violence between combatants or upon civilians. ... Naval warfare is combat in and on seas and oceans. ... Space warfare is warfare that takes place in outer space. ... In warfare, a theater or theatre is normally used to define a specific geographic area within which armed conflict occurs. ... Arctic warfare is a term used to describe conflict that takes place in an exceptionally cold climate. ... Cyber-warfare is the use of computers and the internet in conducting warfare in cyberspace. ... Desert warfare is combat in deserts. ... Jungle warfare is a term used to cover the special techniques needed for military units to survive and fight in jungle terrain. ... A typically white color clothes of a soldier trained for mountain warfare. ... US Marines fight in the city of Fallujah during Operation Al Fajr (New Dawn) in November 2004. ... The bayonet is used as both knife and spear. ... It has been suggested that Mechanized warfare be merged into this article or section. ... Historically, artillery (from French artillerie) refers to any engine used for the discharge of projectiles during war. ... Biological warfare, also known as germ warfare, is the use of any organism (bacteria, virus or other disease-causing organism) or toxin found in nature, as a weapon of war. ... Soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback in combat are commonly known as cavalry (from French cavalerie). ... Chemical warfare is warfare (and associated military operations) using the toxic properties of chemical substances to kill, injure or incapacitate an enemy. ... Electronic warfare (EW) has three main components: Electronic Attack (EA) This is the active use of the electromagnetic spectrum to deny its use by an adversary. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Titan II ICBM carried a 9 Mt W53 warhead, making it one of the most powerful nuclear weapons fielded by the United States during the Cold War. ... It has been suggested that infowars be merged into this article or section. ... Radiological warfare is any form of warfare involving deliberate radiation poisoning, without relying on nuclear fission or nuclear fusion. ... Finnish sissi troops on skis. ... Naval warfare is divided into three operational areas: surface warfare, air warfare and submarine warfare. ... Military tactics (Greek: TaktikÄ“, the art of organizing an army) is the collective name for methods of engaging and defeating an enemy in battle. ... This article is about a military strategy involving land troops dispatched from naval ships. ... Asymmetric warfare is a term that describes a military situation in which two belligerents of unequal strength interact and take advantage of their respective strengths and weaknesses. ... This article is about the military strategy. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with war horse. ... Conventional warfare means a form of warfare conducted by using conventional military weapons and battlefield tactics between two or more nation-states in open confrontation. ... Table of Fortification, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... Look up guerrilla in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Combatives FM 21-150 Figure 4-1, Vital Targets. ... The 1944 Invasion of Normandy An invasion is a military action consisting of armed forces of one geo-political entity entering territory controlled by another such entity, often resulting in the invading power occupying the area, whether briefly or for a long period, and sometimes permanently. ... Joint warfare is a military doctrine which places priority on the integration of the various service branches of a states armed forces into one unified command. ... Maneuver warfare (American English) or manoeuvre warfare is a concept of warfare that advocates attempting to defeat an adversary by incapacitating their decision-making through shock and disruption. ... A siege is a military blockade and assault of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition. ... This article is about the military doctrine of total war. ... Trench warfare is a form of war in which both opposing armies have static lines of defence. ... Unconventional warfare (UW) is the opposite of conventional warfare. ...

Strategy

Economic · Grand · Operational Military strategem in the Battle of Waterloo. ... Economic warfare is the term for economic policies followed as a part of military operations during wartime. ... Grand strategy is military strategy considered at the level of the movement and use of an entire nation state or empires resources. ... Operational warfare is, within warfare and military doctrine, the level of command which coordinates the minute details of tactics with the overarching goals of strategy. ...

Organization

Chain of command · Formations
Ranks · Units Military science concerns itself with the study and of the diverse technical, psychological, and practical phenomena that encompass the events that make up warfare, especially armed combat. ... This article deals with the military concept. ... A formation is a high-level military organization, such as a Brigade, Division, Corps, Army or Army group. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A military unit is an organisation within an armed force. ...

Logistics

Equipment · Materiel · Supply line Military logistics is the art and science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of military forces. ... A weapon is a tool used to kill or incapacitate a person or animal, or destroy a military target. ... Materiel (from the French for material) is the equipment and supplies in Military and commercial supply chain management. ... Supply lines are roads, rail, and other transportation infrastructure needed to replenish the consumables that a military unit requires to function in the field. ...

Law

Court-martial · Laws of war · Occupation
Tribunal · War crime Military law is a distinct legal system to which members of armed forces are subject. ... A court-martial (plural courts-martial) is a military court that determines punishments for members of the military subject to military law. ... The two parts of the laws of war (or Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC)): Law concerning acceptable practices while engaged in war, like the Geneva Conventions, is called jus in bello; while law concerning allowable justifications for armed force is called jus ad bellum. ... Belligerent military occupation occurs when one nations military occupies all or part of the territory of another nation or recognized belligerent. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... In the context of war, a war crime is a punishable offense under International Law, for violations of the laws of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ...

Government and politics

Conscription · Coup d'état
Military dictatorship · Martial law
Militarism · Military rule A coup détat (pronounced ), or simply coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government through unconstitutional means by a part of the state establishment — mostly replacing just the high-level figures. ... A military dictatorship is a form of government wherein the political power resides with the military; it is similar but not identical to a stratocracy, a state ruled directly by the military. ... Martial law is the system of rules that takes effect (usually after a formal declaration) when a military authority takes control of the normal administration of justice. ... Militarism or militarist ideology is the doctrinal view of a society as being best served (or more efficient) when it is governed or guided by concepts embodied in the culture, doctrine, system, or people of the military. ... US General Douglas MacArthur (left), military ruler of Japan 1945-1952, next to Japans defeated Emperor, Hirohito Military rule may mean: Militarism as an ideology of government Military occupation (or Belligerent occupation), when a country or area is conquered after invasion List of military occupations Martial law, where military...

Military studies

Military academy · Military science
Polemology · Philosophy of war
Peace and conflict studies A military academy is a military educational institution. ... Military science concerns itself with the study of the diverse technical, psychological, and practical phenomena that encompass the events that make up warfare, especially armed combat. ... The United States detonated an atomic bomb over Nagasaki on August 9, 1945, effectively ending World War II. The bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima (on August 6) immediately killed between 100,000 and 200,000 people and are the only known instances nuclear weapons have ever been used in war. ... The Philosophy of war examines war beyond the typical questions of weaponry and strategy, inquiring into the meaning and etiology of war, what war means for humanity and human nature as well as the ethics of war. ... Peace and conflict studies can be defined as the inter-disciplinary inquiry into war as human condition and peace as human potential, as an alternative to the traditional Polemology (War Studies) and the strategies taught at Military academies. ...

Lists
Authors · Battles · Civil wars
Commanders · Invasions · Operations
Sieges · Raids · Tactics · Theorists
Wars · War crimes · War criminals
Weapons · Writers

This is a list of missions, operations, and projects. Missions in support of other missions are not listed independently. Many of the authors that served in various real-life wars (and survived) wrote stories that are at least somewhat based on their own experiences. ... This is a partial list of battles that have entries in Wikipedia. ... This is a list of civil wars. ... . ... This is a list of both successful and repelled international invasions ordered by date. ... The 1453 Siege of Constantinople (painted 1499) A siege is a prolonged military assault and blockade on a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition. ... This page contains a list of military raids, not including air raids, sorted by the date at which they started: 1259 Mongol raid into Lithuania 1565, August 26th Chaseabout Raid 1575, July 7th Raid of the Redeswire 1582, August 27th Raid of Ruthven 1667, June 6th Raid on the Medway... This page contains a list of military tactics: // Principles Identification of objectives Concentration of effort Exploiting prevailing weather Exploiting night Maintenance of a reserve Economy of Force Force protection Dispersal or spacing Camouflage Deception Electronic Counter Measures Electronic Counter Counter Measures Radio silence Use of fortifications Fieldworks (entrenchments) Over Head... See also list of military writers. ... This is a list of lists of wars, sorted by country, date, region, and type of conflict. ... This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... . ... There are a bewildering array of weapons, far more than would be useful in list form. ... This is a list of military writers, alphabetical by last name. ...

Contents

Operations

World War I

  • Albion (1917) — German capture of Oesel, Dago and Moon Islands (now Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu)
  • Hush planned Allied amphibious landing on the Belgian coast.
  • Kaiserschlacht ('Kaiser's battle') (1918) — German Spring offensive using armies released from the Eastern Front.
  • Strafexpedition (Punitive Expedition) (1916) — operation by the Austro-Hungarian Army against Italy (Italian northern front): the largest mountain battle fought in human history.

Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg... Operation Albion was the German military and naval operation in October 1917 to invade and occupy the Estonian islands of Saaremaa (Ösel), Hiiumaa {Dagö} and Muhu (Moon). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_German_Empire. ... Map of the Estonian archipelago (Saaremaa and Hiiumaa) Saaremaa (Swedish and German Ösel) is the largest island (2673 km²) belonging to Estonia. ... Look up dago in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Bulk silicate composition (estimated wt%) SiO2 44. ... This article is about the island. ... Tahkuranna the northern most part of Hiiumaa, Estonia Hiiumaa (Swedish, German: Dagö) is the second largest island belonging to Estonia. ... Muhu, also called Muhumaa, is an island in the Baltic Sea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The 1918 Spring Offensive or Kaiserschlacht was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, which marked the deepest advance by either side since 1914. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_German_Empire. ... The 1918 Spring Offensive or Kaiserschlacht was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, which marked the deepest advance by either side since 1914. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_German_Empire. ... The 1918 Spring Offensive or Kaiserschlacht was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, which marked the deepest advance by either side since 1914. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_German_Empire. ... The 1918 Spring Offensive or Kaiserschlacht was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, which marked the deepest advance by either side since 1914. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_German_Empire. ... The 1918 Spring Offensive or Kaiserschlacht was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, which marked the deepest advance by either side since 1914. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_German_Empire. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg... Austria-Hungary (from Commons, same file name) http://commons. ... The Austro-Hungarian Army was the ground force of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. ...

World War II

Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...

Africa

Excluding Mediterranean

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Italian Somaliland was an Italian colony that lasted, apart from a brief interlude of British rule, from the late 19th century until 1960 in the territory of the modern-day East African nation of Somalia. ... The Battle of Madagascar is another name for Operation Ironclad, the Allied invasion of Madagascar launched on May 5, 1942, when it was feared that bases on the Vichy French-controlled island might be used by Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... Operation Menace was an unsuccessful military operation launched by British and Free French forces in September 1940, near Dakar, Senegal, in an attempt to dislodge the Vichy French defending Dakar (thus preventing a possible German occupation) and to install Charles de Gaulle and the Free French in the Senegalese capital. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Free French Forces under review during the Battle of Normandy. ... (City of Dakar, divided into 19 communes darrondissement) City proper (commune) Région Dakar Département Dakar Mayor Pape Diop (PDS) (since 2002) Area 82. ... Location of French West Africa French West Africa (French: ) was a federation of eight French territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte dIvoire, Niger, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) and Dahomey (now Benin). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ...

Atlantic Ocean

Includes North Sea, Arctic convoys and actions against naval vessels in harbour The Arctic convoys of World War II travelled from the United States and the United Kingdom to the northern ports of the Soviet Union - Archangel and Murmansk. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Location Motto of the autonomous region: Antes morrer livres que em paz sujeitos (Portuguese: To die free rather than to be subjugated in peace) Official language Portuguese Capitals Ponta Delgada (Presidency of the autonomous government), Angra do Heroísmo (Supreme Court), Horta (Legislative Assembly) Other towns Praia da Vitória... Operation Berlin was the commerce raid performed by German warships KM Scharnhorst and KM Gneisenau between January and March, 1941. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Scharnhorst was a 31,500 tonne Gneisenau class battlecruiser of the German Kriegsmarine, named after the Prussian general and army reformer Gerhard von Scharnhorst and to commemorate the World War I armored cruiser SMS Scharnhorst. ... Gneisenau was a 31,100 ton Scharnhorst class battlecruiser of the German Kriegsmarine. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Operation Deadlight was the code name for the scuttling of U-boats surrendered to the Allies after the defeat of Germany near the end of World War II. Of the 154 U-boats surrendered, 121 were scuttled in deep water off Lisahally, Northern Ireland or Loch Ryan, Scotland in late... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... U-boat is also a nickname for some diesel locomotives built by GE; see List of GE locomotives October 1939. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Scharnhorst was a 31,500 tonne Gneisenau class battlecruiser of the German Kriegsmarine, named after the Prussian general and army reformer Gerhard von Scharnhorst and to commemorate the World War I armored cruiser SMS Scharnhorst. ... The German cruiser Prinz Eugen (pron. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Novaya Zemlya (Russian: , lit. ... Admiral Scheer was a Deutschland class heavy cruiser (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. The vessel was named after Admiral Reinhard Scheer. ... The German heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper fought as part of the German Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was named after Admiral Ritter von Hipper, commander of the German battlecruiser squadron during the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and later commander-in-chief of the German High Seas Fleet. ... The second happy time was a phase in the Second Battle of the Atlantic during which Axis submarines attacked merchant shipping along the east coast of North America. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Scharnhorst was a 31,500 tonne Gneisenau class battlecruiser of the German Kriegsmarine, named after the Prussian general and army reformer Gerhard von Scharnhorst and to commemorate the World War I armored cruiser SMS Scharnhorst. ... The German cruiser Prinz Eugen (pron. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Murmansk, Archangelsk, Dikson, Tiksi, on the Arctic Ocean Murmansk coin Murmansk (Russian: ) is a city in the extreme northwest of Russia (north of the Arctic circle) with a seaport on the Kola Gulf, 12 km from the Barents Sea on the northern shore of the Kola Peninsula, not far from... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Kara Sea (Russian: Ка́рское мо́ре) is part of the Arctic Ocean (in the area sometimes called the Arctic Mediterranean Sea) off northern Siberia, bound by the Kara Strait (West, connecting to the Barents Sea) and the Severnaya Zemlya Islands and the Northern Land Archipelago (East, and the Laptev Sea). ... The Deutschland (later re-named Lützow), was the lead ship of a heavy cruiser class that served in the German Kriegsmarine before and during World War II. The ship was originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff) by Germany, and referred to as a pocket battleship by the British. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... This was the first Atlantic sortie of the German heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper during December, 1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The German heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper fought as part of the German Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was named after Admiral Ritter von Hipper, commander of the German battlecruiser squadron during the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and later commander-in-chief of the German High Seas Fleet. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... Combatants Germany United Kingdom Commanders Erich Bey† Bruce Fraser Strength 1 battleship 5 destroyers 1 battleship 4 cruisers 4 destroyers Casualties 1 battleship sunk 1 heavy cruiser and light cruiser lightly damaged The naval Battle of the North Cape took place on December 26, 1943 during World War II, fought... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Scharnhorst was a 31,500 tonne Gneisenau class battlecruiser of the German Kriegsmarine, named after the Prussian general and army reformer Gerhard von Scharnhorst and to commemorate the World War I armored cruiser SMS Scharnhorst. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Scharnhorst was a 31,500 tonne Gneisenau class battlecruiser of the German Kriegsmarine, named after the Prussian general and army reformer Gerhard von Scharnhorst and to commemorate the World War I armored cruiser SMS Scharnhorst. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Operation Primrose was the name of the secret operation to capture the German U-110 U-boat. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Unterseeboot 110 (U-110) has been the designation of two submarines of the German Navy. ... Look up enigma in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Seven vessels of the British Royal Navy have been named HMS Bulldog, after the bulldog: The first Bulldog was a small 4-gun vessel bought in March 1794 and sold later in the same year. ... The Battle of the Barents Sea took place on December 31, 1942 between British ships escorting convoy JW 51B to Kola Inlet in the USSR, and German surface raiders. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The German heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper fought as part of the German Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was named after Admiral Ritter von Hipper, commander of the German battlecruiser squadron during the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and later commander-in-chief of the German High Seas Fleet. ... The Deutschland (later re-named Lützow), was the lead ship of a heavy cruiser class that served in the German Kriegsmarine before and during World War II. The ship was originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff) by Germany, and referred to as a pocket battleship by the British. ... In World War II, Operation Rheinübung (Rhine Exercise) was the sortie by the Bismarck and Prinz Eugen, which left Gdynia, Poland on 12 May 1941. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The German battleship Bismarck is one of the most famous warships of the Second World War. ... The German cruiser Prinz Eugen (pron. ... PQ-17 was a World War II convoy carrying war materiel from Britain and the USA to the USSR. PQ-17 sailed in June-July 1942 and suffered the heaviest losses of any Russia-bound (PQ) convoy, with 25 vessels out of 36 lost to enemy action. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... The Arctic convoys of World War II travelled from the United States and the United Kingdom to the northern ports of the Soviet Union - Archangel and Murmansk. ... PQ-17 was a World War II convoy carrying war materiel from Britain and the USA to the USSR. PQ-17 sailed in June-July 1942 and suffered the heaviest losses of any Russia-bound (PQ) convoy, with 25 vessels out of 36 lost to enemy action. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Murmansk, Archangelsk, Dikson, Tiksi, on the Arctic Ocean Murmansk coin Murmansk (Russian: ) is a city in the extreme northwest of Russia (north of the Arctic circle) with a seaport on the Kola Gulf, 12 km from the Barents Sea on the northern shore of the Kola Peninsula, not far from... Operation Source was a series of attacks to neutralise the heavy German warships - Tirpitz, Scharnhorst and Lutzow - based in Northern Norway, using X-class midget submarines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The X class was a World War II midget submarine class built for the Royal Navy during 1943–44. ... Operation Sportpalast was the action by Tirpitz and its escorting destroyers against Arctic convoys PQ-12 and QP-8. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The German heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen fought as part of the German Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was named after Prince Eugene of Savoy (Prinz Eugen in German). ... Operation Stonewall was a World War II operation to intercept blockade runners off the west coast of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Map of the Bay of Biscay. ... Operation Tungsten was one of a number of aerial attacks on the German battleship Tirpitz while she was in Norwegian waters (the Altenfjord) by the Fleet Air Arm (the air units of the Royal Navy). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sistership of Bismarck. ... HMS Charybdis was a Dido-class cruiser of the Royal Navy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Operation Wikinger was a sortie into the North Sea by the 1st Destroyer Flotilla of the Kriegsmarine, in February 1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Kara Sea (Russian: Ка́рское мо́ре) is part of the Arctic Ocean (in the area sometimes called the Arctic Mediterranean Sea) off northern Siberia, bound by the Kara Strait (West, connecting to the Barents Sea) and the Severnaya Zemlya Islands and the Northern Land Archipelago (East, and the Laptev Sea). ... Admiral Scheer was a Deutschland class heavy cruiser (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. The vessel was named after Admiral Reinhard Scheer. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Novaya Zemlya (Russian: , lit. ... The German heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper fought as part of the German Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was named after Admiral Ritter von Hipper, commander of the German battlecruiser squadron during the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and later commander-in-chief of the German High Seas Fleet. ...

China

  • Alpha (1944) — improvement of the defences of Kunming against Japanese threats
  • August Storm (1945) — Soviet invasion of Manchuria and other Japanese occupied territories
  • Ichigo (1944) — Japanese campaign in eastern China to secure overland routes to Indo-China and airfields
  • Matterhorn (1944) — establishment of bases for US B-29 bomber aircraft

Operation Alpha was the US inspired plan, in late 1944, to protect the capital of Yunnan Province, Kunming, against a further Japanese offensive. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Lake Dianchi Kunming (Chinese: 昆明; Pinyin: Kūnmíng; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital of Yunnan province, China with a population estimated on 7,055,000 in urban area in 2006 and 15,423,500 in Metropolitan area. ... Combatants Soviet Union Japan Commanders Alexandr Vasilevskij Otsuzo Yamada Strength Soviet Union 1,577,225 men, 26,137 artillery, 1,852 sup. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Manchuria (Manchu: Manju; Traditional Chinese: 滿洲; Simplified Chinese: 满洲; pinyin: Mǎnzhōu, Russian: ) is a vast territorial region in northeast Asia. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Indochina, or the Indochinese Peninsula, is a region in Southeast Asia. ... Operation Matterhorn was organised by U.S. XX Bomber Command during World War II to place USAAF B29 Bombers in China for use against Japan. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... The Boeing B-29 Superfortress (Boeing Model 341/345) was a four-engine heavy bomber flown by the United States Army Air Force. ...

Eastern Front

European operations involving the Soviet Union.

  • Aster (1944) — German withdrawal from Estonia
  • Bagration (1944) — Large-scale Russian offensive against German forces in Belorussia
  • Barbarossa (1941) — German invasion of the Soviet Union
    • Haifisch ("Shark") (1941) — deception operation for Barbarossa, feinting an attack on Scotland and north-east England from Norway
    • Harpune ("Harpoon") (1941) — deception operation for Barbarossa, feinting an attack on southern England from France
    • Taifun ("Typhoon") (1941) — German autumn offensive to capture Moscow before winter.
  • Beowulf I & II (1941) — two separate German plans to assault the Estonian islands of Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu
    • Nordwind (1941) — Diversionary plan for Beowulf II
      • Lel (1941) — sub-plan of Nordwind
      • Nau (1941) — sub-plan of Nordwind
      • Stimmung (1941) — sub-plan of Nordwind
    • Siegfried (1941) — German assault on Hiiumaa
      • Ost (1941) — sub-plan of Siegfried
      • Mitte (1941) — sub-plan of Siegfried
      • West (1941) — sub-plan of Siegfried
    • Sodwind (1941) — Diversionary plan for Beowulf II
    • Weststurm (1941) — German naval bombardment in support of Beowulf II
    • Westwind (1941) — Diversionary plan for Beowulf II
  • Braunschweig 1 ("Brunswick") (1942) — German offensive towards Stalingrad and the Caucasus
    • Fischreiher ("Heron") (1942) — German offensive to capture Stalingrad
  • Delphin ("Dolphin") (1944) — German withdrawal from Saaremaa, Estonia
  • Donnerschlag ("Thunderclap") (1942) — planned breakout of the German 6th Army from Stalingrad
  • Eisenhammer (1943) — plan to destroy Soviet power generators in Moscow and Gorky (not the same as Iron Hammer)
  • Eisstoss ("Ice Push") (1942) Luftwaffe operation against Soviet warships near Leningrad
  • Fall Blau ("Case Blue") (1942) — German offensive in the southern Soviet Union
  • Feuerzauber ("Fire Magic") (1942) — planned German capture of Leningrad
  • Frühlingserwachen ("Spring Awakening") (1945) — German counterattack against Soviet forces in Hungary
  • Hannibal (1945) — German evacuation of East Prussia
  • Hubertus (1942) — German attack in Stalingrad
  • Keelhaul (1945) — forced repatriation to the Soviet Union, by the western Allies, of Soviet prisoners of war
  • Konrad (1945) — German-Hungarian efforts to relieve the encircled garrison of Budapest
  • Kugelblitz (Ball Lightning) (1945) — German anti-partisan action near Vitebsk
  • Kutuzov (1943) — Russian attack on German 2nd Panzer Army, north of the Kursk salient
  • Laura (1944) — proposed German evacuation of Courland
  • Lyuban (1942) — failed Soviet attempt to relieve Leningrad.
  • Margarethe (1944) — German operation to keep Hungary from defecting
  • Mars (1942) — failed major Soviet offensive against Rzhev salient
    • Jupiter (1942) — second phase of failed major Soviet offensive against Rzhev salient
  • Nordlicht [1] ("Northern Lights") (1942) — planned German assault on Leningrad
  • Polkovodets Rumyantsev (1943) — Russian attack on German positions south of the Kursk salient.
  • Punishment (1941) — German bombing of Belgrade during the invasion of Yugoslavia.
  • Saturn (1942) — Proposed major Soviet attack following the Stalingrad enciclement; adapted to become Operation Little Saturn.
  • Sinyavino (1941) & (1942) — separate failed Soviet attempts to relieve Leningrad
  • Sonnenwende ("Winter Solstice") (1945) — German offensive to relieve Pomerania from Russian forces and halt advance on Berlin
  • Spark (1943) — successful Soviet counter-offensive around Leningrad
  • Uranus (1942) — successful Russian encirclement of German 6th Army in Stalingrad.
  • Wintergewitter ("Winter Storm") (1942) — German attempt to relieve encircled 6th Army at Stalingrad.
  • Zitadelle ("Citadel") (1943) — German offensive at Kursk

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Combatants Axis Soviet Union Commanders Ernst Busch Konstantin Rokossovski Georgy Zhukov Aleksandr Vasilevsky Strength 800,000 1,700,000 Casualties (Soviet est. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Motto: none Anthem: Belarusian: Мы, беларусы (Transliteration: My, Belarusy) (Translation: We Belarusians) Capital (largest city) Minsk Belarusian, Russian Government Republic  - President Alexander Lukashenko  - Prime Minister Sergey Sidorsky Independence From the Soviet Union   - Declared July 27, 1990   - Established August 25, 1991   - Completed December 25, 1991  Area  - Total 207,600 km² (93rd) 80,155... Combatants Germany Romania Finland Italy Hungary Slovakia Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Joseph Stalin Strength ~ 3. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary_1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... In World War II, Operation Harpune was the major German deception plan of 1941. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The eastern front at the time of Operation Typhoon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2005)    - Density 10,415,400   8537. ... Operation Beowulf refers to two German plans to occupy the islands of Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu, off the Estonian east coast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... This article is about the island. ... Tahkuranna the northern most part of Hiiumaa, Estonia Hiiumaa (Swedish, German: Dagö) is the second largest island belonging to Estonia. ... Muhu, also called Muhumaa, is an island in the Baltic Sea. ... Operation Beowulf refers to two German plans to occupy the islands of Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu, off the Estonian east coast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Beowulf refers to two German plans to occupy the islands of Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu, off the Estonian east coast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Beowulf refers to two German plans to occupy the islands of Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu, off the Estonian east coast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Beowulf refers to two German plans to occupy the islands of Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu, off the Estonian east coast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Beowulf refers to two German plans to occupy the islands of Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu, off the Estonian east coast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Tahkuranna the northern most part of Hiiumaa, Estonia Hiiumaa (Swedish, German: Dagö) is the second largest island belonging to Estonia. ... Operation Beowulf refers to two German plans to occupy the islands of Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu, off the Estonian east coast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Beowulf refers to two German plans to occupy the islands of Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu, off the Estonian east coast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Beowulf refers to two German plans to occupy the islands of Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu, off the Estonian east coast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Beowulf refers to two German plans to occupy the islands of Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu, off the Estonian east coast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Beowulf refers to two German plans to occupy the islands of Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu, off the Estonian east coast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Beowulf refers to two German plans to occupy the islands of Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu, off the Estonian east coast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Volgograd (Russian: ), formerly called Tsaritsyn (Russian: ) (1598–1925) and Stalingrad (Russian: ) (1925–1961) is a city in and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. ... The Ethnolinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map Russia Georgia Azerbaijan (Azer. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Volgograd (Russian: ), formerly called Tsaritsyn (Russian: ) (1598–1925) and Stalingrad (Russian: ) (1925–1961) is a city in and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... This article is about the island. ... Categories: Disambiguation | Stub ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The 6. ... Volgograd (Russian: ), formerly called Tsaritsyn (Russian: ) (1598–1925) and Stalingrad (Russian: ) (1925–1961) is a city in and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2005)    - Density 10,415,400   8537. ... Nizhny Novgorod (Russian: ), colloquially shortened as Nizhny and also transliterated into English as Nizhniy Novgorod or Nizhni Novgorod or Nizhnii Novgorod, is the fourth largest city of Russia, ranking after Moscow, St. ... Operation Iron Hammer may refer to: Operation Iron Hammer (WWII), a military operation launched in World War II. Operation Iron Hammer (Iraq 2003), a military operation of the multinational force during the Iraq War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Operation Blue(German: Fall Blau) was the German Wehrmachts codename for the 1942 summer offensive. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Marshal Blücher was the Prussian commander at Waterloo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Ethnolinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map Russia Georgia Azerbaijan (Azer. ... Emblem of the Edelweiss Division. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Ethnolinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map Russia Georgia Azerbaijan (Azer. ... Municipality: Baku Area: 1000 km² Altitude: -28 m Population: 2,074,300 census 2003 Population density: 1280 persons/km² Postal Code: +99450 Area code: 012 Municipality code: BA Latitude: 41° 01 52 N Longitude: 21° 20 25 E Weather types: 9 of 11 Mayor: Hajibala Abutalybov The Baku region. ... Map of the Black Sea. ... During World War II, Fall Kremel (Operation Kremlin in German) was a German deception operation which falsely portrayed that the 1942 German summer offensive would be aimed at Moscow. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Combatants Axis Powers, Spanish Blue Division Soviet Union Commanders Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Georg von Kuechler Kliment Voroshilov Georgy Zhukov Strength 725,000 930,000 Casualties Unknown 300,000 military, 16,470 civilians from bombings and estimated 1 million civilians from starvation The Siege of Leningrad (Russian: блокада Ленинграда) was the German... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Josef Dietrich (6. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Karl Doenitz Operation Hannibal was a naval withdrawal of the Germans set in the middle of January, 1945 as the invading Soviet army advanced the Eastern Europe, mainly East Prussia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Stalingrad is the former name of two cities: Volgograd, Russia Karviná-Nové Město, near Ostrava, Czech Republic Other uses: The Battle of Stalingrad (a major turning-point of World War II and arguably the bloodiest battle in human history) Stalingrad (German film set during the above battle) Stalingrad... Operation Keelhaul was a programme carried out in Austria by British forces in May and June 1945 that decided the fate of thousands of post-war refugees fleeing eastern Europe. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Operation Konrad was the German-Hungarian efforts to releive the encircled garrison of Budapest in January, 1945. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary_1940. ... Nickname: Paris of the East, Pearl of the Danubeor Queen of the Danube Location of Budapest in Hungary Country Hungary County Pest Mayor Gábor Demszky (SZDSZ) Area    - City 525,16 km²  - Land n/a km²  - Water n/a km² Population    - City (2006) 1,695,000  - Density 3570/km... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Categories: Belarus-related stubs | Towns in Belarus ... Operation Kutuzov was a military operation by the Red Army in its fight against the German Wehrmacht during World War II. It was named after Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, the Tsarist general credited with saving Russia from defeat during the invasion by Napoleon in 1812. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... coat of arms of Courland Courland (Latvian: Kurzeme, German: Kurland, Polish: Kurlandia, Latin: Curonia / Couronia) is a historical Baltic province now part of Latvia. ... Combatants Axis Powers, Spanish Blue Division Soviet Union Commanders Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Georg von Kuechler Kliment Voroshilov Georgy Zhukov Strength 725,000 930,000 Casualties Unknown 300,000 military, 16,470 civilians from bombings and estimated 1 million civilians from starvation The Siege of Leningrad (Russian: блокада Ленинграда) was the German... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... During World War II, the Germans planned two Operations Margarethe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The eastern front at the time of the Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Rzhev is the uppermost town situated on the Volga river. ... The eastern front at the time of the Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Rzhev is the uppermost town situated on the Volga river. ... Combatants Axis Powers, Spanish Blue Division Soviet Union Commanders Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Georg von Kuechler Kliment Voroshilov Georgy Zhukov Strength 725,000 930,000 Casualties Unknown 300,000 military, 16,470 civilians from bombings and estimated 1 million civilians from starvation The Siege of Leningrad (Russian: блокада Ленинграда) was the German... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Operation Polkovodets Rumyantsev (literally: Commander Rumyantsev, after 18th-century Field Marshal Peter Rumyantsev) was a military operation conducted by the Red Army in its fight against the German Wehrmacht during World War II. The operation was conducted by Steppe Front in the Belgorod sector. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... he bombing of Belgrade occurred in the initial phases of World War II when German forces bombed the city in preperation for the invasion of Yugoslavia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Soviet advances during Operations Uranus, Mars and Saturn. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Combatants Axis Powers, Spanish Blue Division Soviet Union Commanders Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Georg von Kuechler Kliment Voroshilov Georgy Zhukov Strength 725,000 930,000 Casualties Unknown 300,000 military, 16,470 civilians from bombings and estimated 1 million civilians from starvation The Siege of Leningrad (Russian: блокада Ленинграда) was the German... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Historic Pomerania (outlined in yellow) on the background of modern country borders. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Combatants Axis Powers, Spanish Blue Division Soviet Union Commanders Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Georg von Kuechler Kliment Voroshilov Georgy Zhukov Strength 725,000 930,000 Casualties Unknown 300,000 military, 16,470 civilians from bombings and estimated 1 million civilians from starvation The Siege of Leningrad (Russian: блокада Ленинграда) was the German... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... The eastern front at the time of Operation Uranus. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... The 6. ... Volgograd (Russian: ), formerly called Tsaritsyn (Russian: ) (1598–1925) and Stalingrad (Russian: ) (1925–1961) is a city in and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. ... Operation Winter Storm (German Unternehmen Wintergewitter) was the German Fourth Panzer Armys attempt to relieve the German Sixth Army from encirclement during the Battle of Stalingrad during World War II. The operation commenced on 12 December 1942 and was able to advance just halfway to its objective before a... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The 6. ... Volgograd (Russian: ), formerly called Tsaritsyn (Russian: ) (1598–1925) and Stalingrad (Russian: ) (1925–1961) is a city in and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. ... Combatants Nazi Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein, Hans von Kluge, Walther Model Georgiy Zhukov, Konstantin Rokossovskiy, Nikolay Vatutin Strength 800,000 infantry, 2,700 tanks, 2,000 aircraft 1,300,000 infantry, 3,600 tanks, 2,400 aircraft Casualties 500,000 dead, wounded, or captured 500 tanks 200... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Kursk (Russian: ; pronunciation: koorsk) is a city in Central Russia, the administrative center of Kursk Oblast. ...

Mediterranean Sea

Naval operations and land operations in bordering regions.

During World War II, Operation Accolade was a planned British amphibious assault on Rhodes and the Dodecanese Islands in the Aegean Sea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... Location map of Rhodes Rhodes, (Greek: Ρόδος (pron. ... The Dodecanese (Greek: Δωδεκάνησα, Dodekánisa, meaning twelve islands; see also List of traditional Greek place names) are a group of Greek islands in the Aegean Sea, off the southwest coast of Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Military history records two events called Operation Adler, the name meaning Eagle in German: A series of air attacks beginning on 13 August 1940 that began the Battle of Britain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia_Ustasa. ... During World War II, Operation Aida was a ground attack launched by Rommel in June, 1942 which pushed British forces east as far as El Alamein, 60 miles west of Alexandria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... During World War II, Operation Agreement consisted of ground and amphibious attacks by British, Rhodesian and New Zealand forces on German- and Italian-held Tobruk (Operation Daffodil), Benghazi (Operation Snowdrop), Jalo oasis (Operation Tulip) and Barce (Operation Hyacinth) launched on 13 September 1942. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Southern_Rhodesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... During World War II, Operation Agreement consisted of ground and amphibious attacks by British, Rhodesian and New Zealand forces on German- and Italian-held Tobruk (Operation Daffodil), Benghazi (Operation Snowdrop), Jalo oasis (Operation Tulip) and Barce (Operation Hyacinth) launched on 13 September 1942. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Tobruk or Tubruq (Arabic: طبرق; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Å¢ubruq, Tobruck ) is a town, seaport, municipality, and peninsula in eastern Libya in Northern Africa. ... During World War II, Operation Agreement consisted of ground and amphibious attacks by British, Rhodesian and New Zealand forces on German- and Italian-held Tobruk (Operation Daffodil), Benghazi (Operation Snowdrop), Jalo oasis (Operation Tulip) and Barce (Operation Hyacinth) launched on 13 September 1942. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... During World War II, Operation Agreement consisted of ground and amphibious attacks by British, Rhodesian and New Zealand forces on German- and Italian-held Tobruk (Operation Daffodil), Benghazi (Operation Snowdrop), Jalo oasis (Operation Tulip) and Barce (Operation Hyacinth) launched on 13 September 1942. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Benghazi (Arabic بنغازي, transliterated BanġāzÄ«) is a seaport in Libya, Africa. ... During World War II, Operation Agreement consisted of ground and amphibious attacks by British, Rhodesian and New Zealand forces on German- and Italian-held Tobruk (Operation Daffodil), Benghazi (Operation Snowdrop), Jalo oasis (Operation Tulip) and Barce (Operation Hyacinth) launched on 13 September 1942. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Jalo Oasis (or Jalu) is an oasis in Cyrenaica, Libya, located west of the Great Sand Sea and about 250 km south-east of the Gulf of Sirte. ... Combatants United States1 Free France, United Kingdom Germany Commanders Jacob L. Devers Johannes Blaskowitz Strength 250,000 (approx) 230,000 (approx) Casualties 4,500 American, 4,500+ French 125,000+ (approx) Monument to the landings of Allied troops under General Patch on the beach of St Tropez, France. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... Combatants United States1 Free France, United Kingdom Germany Commanders Jacob L. Devers Johannes Blaskowitz Strength 250,000 (approx) 230,000 (approx) Casualties 4,500 American, 4,500+ French 125,000+ (approx) Monument to the landings of Allied troops under General Patch on the beach of St Tropez, France. ... During World War II, Operation Alpenveilchen was a proposed German operation designed to help the Italians in 1941 break out of their Albanian colony into Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Avalanche was the codename for the landings near the port of Salerno, executed on 9 September 1943, part of the Allied invasion of Italy. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Salerno is a town and a province capital in Campania, south-western Italy, located on the gulf of the same name on the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... During World War II, Operation Boardman was the deception operation that supported the Avalanche invasion at Salerno, Italy. ... Operation Avalanche was the codename for the landings near the port of Salerno, executed on 9 September 1943, part of the Allied invasion of Italy. ... Combatants Germany, Italy United Kingdom, India Commanders Erwin Rommel Archibald Wavell Noel Beresford-Peirse Strength Afrika Korps including 5th Light Division and 15th Panzer Division, about 13,000 XIII Corp consisting of 7th Armoured Division and 4th Indian Division 20,000+ troops with 200 tanks Casualties 12 tanks destroyed 700... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Imperial-India-Blue-Ensign. ... Tobruk or Tubruq (Arabic: طبرق; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Å¢ubruq, Tobruck ) is a town, seaport, municipality, and peninsula in eastern Libya in Northern Africa. ... This article covers the invasion of mainland Italy by the World War II Allies in September 1943 during the Italian Campaign. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Calabria (Latin: Bruttium or Brutium), is a region in southern Italy which occupies the toe of the Italian peninsula south of Naples. ... Operation Slapstick was a part of the Allied invasion of Italy during World War II on 9 September 1943. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Founded 706 BC as Taras () Region Apulia Mayor Rossana Di Bello Area  - City Proper  217 km² Population  - City (2001)  - Density (city proper) 201,349 973/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 40°28 N 17°14 E www. ... During World War II, Operation Begonia was the airborne counterpart to the amphibious Operation Jonquil, conducted by British SAS and Eighth Army Airborne between Ancona and Pescara, Italy, from 2 to 6 October, 1943. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... The Supermarine Spitfire was an iconic British single-seat fighter used by the RAF and many Allied countries in the Second World War. ... Combatants Germany, Italy United Kingdom, India Commanders Erwin Rommel Archibald Wavell Noel Beresford-Peirse Strength Afrika Korps (5th Light Division, 15th Panzer Division) and three Italian divisions (Ariete, Brescia, Trento). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Halfaya Pass (Hellfire Pass) is located in North Africa. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... The Supermarine Spitfire was an iconic British single-seat fighter used by the RAF and many Allied countries in the Second World War. ... During World War II, Operation Candytuft was a British raid by Two Special Air Service launched on 27 October 1943. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... It has been suggested that SAS Troops be merged into this article or section. ... Pesaro is a town and comune in the Italian region of the Marche, capital of the Pesaro e Urbino province, on the Adriatic. ... Country Italy Region Marche Province Pesaro e Urbino (PU) Mayor Stefano Aguzzi (since June 2004) Elevation 12 m Area 121 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 61,675  - Density 512/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Fanesi Dialing code 0721 Postal code 61032 Frazioni Bellocchi, Camminate... Operation Capri was a German counter-attack at Medenine, Tunisia, intended to disrupt and delay the 8th Armys own attack on the Mareth Line. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The seal of Afrikakorps The German Afrika Korps (German: Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK  ) was the corps-level headquarters controlling the German Panzer divisions in Libya and Egypt during the North African Campaign of World War II. Since there was little turnover in the units attached to the corps, the term is... Medenine is the major town in southeastern Tunisia, south of the Oasis town of Gabes and the Island of Jerba, on the main route to Libya. ... During World War II, Operation Cold Comfort (later renamed Zombie) was a failed SAS raid that began with a parachute drop north of Verona in mid February 1945. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Brenner Pass (Italian Passo del Brennero) is a mountain pass that creates a link through the Tyrolean Alps along the current border between the nations of Austria and Italy, one of the principal passes of the Alps. ... During World War II, Operation Collar was a small, fast three-ship convoy that left Britain on 12th Novemeber, 1940 and passed Gibraltar on 24 November, escorted by two cruisers for Malta and Alexandria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... During World War II, Operation Colossus was an experimental raid by thirty-eight of the five hundred men of No. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Calitri is a town (commune) in the province of Avellino, Campania, Italy. ... Combatants United Kingdom India Australia Italy Commanders Richard OConnor Rodolfo Graziani Pietro Maletti † Strength Western Desert Force: British 7th Armoured Division Australian 6th Division Indian 4th Infantry Division 36,000 men 120 guns 275 tanks Italian Tenth Army 200,000 1,600 guns 600 tanks Casualties 494 killed 1... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent. ... During World War II, Operation Corkscrew was the Allied invasion of the Italian island of Pantelleria (between Sicily and Tunisia) on 10 June 1943. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Pantelleria, or Pantalaria, ancient Cossyra, is an island in the Strait of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea, 100 km (62 mi) southwest of the south-western extremity of Sicily, and 70 km (43 mi) E. of the African coast, belonging to the Sicilian province of Trapani. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Combatants United Kingdom Australia New Zealand Poland Germany Italy Commanders Claude Auchinleck Alan Gordon Cunningham Neil Ritchie Erwin Rommel Ludwig Crüwell Strength 8th Army comprising XIII Corps, XXX Corps and 70th Division. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Tobruk or Tubruq (Arabic: طبرق; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Å¢ubruq, Tobruck ) is a town, seaport, municipality, and peninsula in eastern Libya in Northern Africa. ... During World War II, Operation Diadem was the 1944 Allied spring ground offensive in Italy launched on 12 May 1944 to turn the German defenses at Cassino and open up the Liri Valley. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... The Winter Line was a series of German military fortifications in Italy, constructed during World War II by Organisation Todt. ... Military history notes two operations named Operation Strangle. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... During World War II, Operation Diadem was the 1944 Allied spring ground offensive in Italy launched on 12 May 1944 to turn the German defenses at Cassino and open up the Liri Valley. ... Combatants United States1 Free France, United Kingdom Germany Commanders Jacob L. Devers Johannes Blaskowitz Strength 250,000 (approx) 230,000 (approx) Casualties 4,500 American, 4,500+ French 125,000+ (approx) Monument to the landings of Allied troops under General Patch on the beach of St Tropez, France. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... In World War II, Operation Dove (Allies, 1944) was the glider-borne assault conducted as part of the invasion of southern France (Operation Dragoon) on 15 August 1944. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Combatants United States1 Free France, United Kingdom Germany Commanders Jacob L. Devers Johannes Blaskowitz Strength 250,000 (approx) 230,000 (approx) Casualties 4,500 American, 4,500+ French 125,000+ (approx) Monument to the landings of Allied troops under General Patch on the beach of St Tropez, France. ... Operation Romeo was a French commando operation to disable German artillery atop the cliffs of Cap Nègre. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... The Free French Forces (Forces Françaises Libres in French) were French fighters who decided to go on fighting against Germany after the Fall of France and German occupation and to fight against Vichy France in World War II. General Charles de Gaulle was a member of the French Cabinet... During World War II, Operation Span was a deception operation in support of the 1944 invasion of southern France (Operation Dragoon). ... Combatants United States1 Free France, United Kingdom Germany Commanders Jacob L. Devers Johannes Blaskowitz Strength 250,000 (approx) 230,000 (approx) Casualties 4,500 American, 4,500+ French 125,000+ (approx) Monument to the landings of Allied troops under General Patch on the beach of St Tropez, France. ... During World War II, Operation Driftwood was an unsuccessful raid by two teams of Special Air Service commandos which was launched in early 1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 8th century BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (496. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Hawker Hurricane is a fighter design from the 1930s which was used extensively by the Royal Air Force during the Battle of Britain. ... Operation Excess was a sequence of supply convoys to Malta, Alexandria and Greece in January 1941. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... The Syria-Lebanon campaign was the Allied invasion of Vichy French-controlled Syria and Lebanon in 1941, during World War II. The Allied offensive, also known as Operation Exporter, was aimed at preventing Nazi Germany from using Vichy territory as a springboard for attacks on the Allied stronghold of Egypt... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... World War II, Felix was the proposed name for a German/Spanish seizure of Gibraltar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... During World War II, Operation Fustian was the British airborne assault to seize and hold Primrose Bridge over the River Simeto, south of Mount Etna on the island of Sicily, until relieved by ground forces. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian, Σικελία in Greek) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 km² and 5 million inhabitants. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Roman Empire ca. ... Tripolitania is a historic region of western Libya, centered around the coastal city of Tripoli. ... During World War II, Operation Gymnast was an early plan for the invasion of north Africa first used in 1941. ... Combatants United States United Kingdom Free French Forces Germany Vichy France Commanders Dwight Eisenhower Andrew Cunningham Erwin Rommel François Darlan Strength 73,500 - Casualties 479+ dead 720 wounded 1346+ dead 1997 wounded Operation TORCH (initially called Operation GYMNAST) was the British-American invasion of French North Africa in World... During World War II, Operation Halberd was a British naval operation in September 1941 to escort a convoy from Gibraltar to Malta. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... In World War II, Operation Harpoon was one of two simultaneous Allied convoys sent to supply Malta in the Axis-dominated Mediterranean Sea in mid-June 1942. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Alexandria Modern Alexandria. ... History records two German military operations called Herbstnebel (Autumn Mist in German): Operation Herbstnebel (Battle of the Bulge): A Plan created by Field Marshal Walther Model as an alternative to Martin and Wacht am Rhein. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... PO may stand for: Pareto optimality Parole Officer Per os, Latin for by mouth or orally Perfect Orange a third wave ska based in Knoxville, TN from 2002-2005 Pilkington Optronics, now Thales Optronics Pissed off (often used as a verb or adjective, as in POed or POed) Platforma... During World War II, Operation Herkules was the German plan for an airborne invasion of Malta. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Hawker Hurricane is a fighter design from the 1930s which was used extensively by the Royal Air Force during the Battle of Britain. ... Combatants United States United Kingdom Canada Germany Italy Commanders Harold Alexander Alfredo Guzzoni Strength  ? 365,000 Italians 40,000Germans Casualties USA: 2,237 killed 6,544 wounded British: 2,721 killed 10,122 wounded Canada: 562 killed 1,848 wounded Total:23,934 Casualties Germany: ? killed ? wounded Italy: ? killed ? wounded... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian, Σικελία in Greek) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 km² and 5 million inhabitants. ... During World War II, Operation Chestnut was a failed British raid by 2 Special Air Service, conducted in support of the Allied invasion of Sicily. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During World War II, Operation Ladbroke was the British glider landing near Syracuse, Sicily on the night of 9 July 1943 as part of the invasion of Sicily. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Syracuse (Italian, Siracusa, ancient Syracusa - see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a city on the eastern coast of Sicily and the capital of the province of Syracuse, Italy. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian, Σικελία in Greek) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 km² and 5 million inhabitants. ... Operation Mincemeat was a highly successful British deception plan during World War II to convince the German High Command (OKW) that the Allies would invade the Balkans and Sardinia instead of the island of Sicily, the actual objective. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian, Σικελία in Greek) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 km² and 5 million inhabitants. ... During World War II, Operation Narcissus was a raid by forty members of the Special Air Service on a lighthouse on the southeast coast of Sicily. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... It has been suggested that SAS Troops be merged into this article or section. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian, Σικελία in Greek) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 km² and 5 million inhabitants. ... During World War II, Operation Isabella was a German plan to be put into effect after the collapse of the Soviet Union to secure bases in Spain and Portugal for the continuation of the strangulation of Great Britain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. ... At the start of World War II, in September 1939, Spain had only recently come through its bitter civil war. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... At the start of World War II, in September 1939, Spain had only recently come through its bitter civil war. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... At the start of World War II, in September 1939, Spain had only recently come through its bitter civil war. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Combatants United Kingdom Italy Commanders Lumley Lyster Inigo Campioni Strength 21 bombers 6 battleships Casualties 2 bombers destroyed 1 battleship sunk 2 battleships damaged 1 cruiser damaged The naval Battle of Taranto took place on the night of 11 November – 12 November 1840 during World War II. The Royal Navy... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Founded 706 BC as Taras () Region Apulia Mayor Rossana Di Bello Area  - City Proper  217 km² Population  - City (2001)  - Density (city proper) 201,349 973/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 40°28 N 17°14 E www. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Supermarine Spitfire was an iconic British single-seat fighter used by the RAF and many Allied countries in the Second World War. ... Combatants British 8th Army German Panzer Army Africa Commanders Bernard Montgomery Erwin Rommel Strength 250,000 men 1,030 tanks 900 guns 530 aircraft 90,000 men 500 tanks 500 guns 350 aircraft Casualties 13,500 dead and wounded 13,000 dead 46,000 wounded or captured The Second Battle... El Alamein is a town in northern Egypt on the Mediterranean Sea coast. ... The Battle of Alamein, or more correctly the Second Battle of El Alamein, marked a significant turning point in the Western Desert Campaign of World War II and was the first major victory by an Allied force over the Wehrmacht. ... Combatants British 8th Army German Panzer Army Africa Commanders Bernard Montgomery Erwin Rommel Strength 250,000 men 1,030 tanks 900 guns 530 aircraft 90,000 men 500 tanks 500 guns 350 aircraft Casualties 13,500 dead and wounded 13,000 dead 46,000 wounded or captured The Second Battle... Combatants British 8th Army German Panzer Army Africa Commanders Bernard Montgomery Erwin Rommel Strength 250,000 men 1,030 tanks 900 guns 530 aircraft 90,000 men 500 tanks 500 guns 350 aircraft Casualties 13,500 dead and wounded 13,000 dead 46,000 wounded or captured The Second Battle... During World War II, Operation Lustre was the dispatch of British, Australian, New Zealand and Polish troops from Egypt to Greece in March and April 1941, in response to the failed Italian invasion and the new German threat revealed through Ultra. ... During World War II, Operation Marita was the German invasion of Greece and Yugoslavia on 6 April 1941. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Battle of Crete began on the morning of May 20, 1941, during World War II, when Germany launched an airborne invasion under the code name Operation Merkur, or Operation Mercury. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Crete (Greek: Κρήτη Kríti; Turkish: Girit) is the largest of the Greek islands and the fifth largest in the Mediterranean Sea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Regia Aeronautica (meaning Royal Air Force) was the Italian air force from 1923 until World War II. // A brief history At the beginning of the twentieth century, Italy was at the forefront of aerial warfare: during the colonization of Libya in 1911, it made the first reconnaissance flight in... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Anzio (2003 pop. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. ... British shells fall astern of the Italian light cruiser Muzio Attendolo during the battle Operation Pedestal was a British attempt to get vital supplies to the island of Malta during World War II in mid-1942 during the height of the Axis siege of Malta. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... Alexandria Modern Alexandria. ... The Mareth Line was a system of fortifications built by the French near the coastal town of Medenine in southern Tunisia prior to World War II. It was designed to defend against attacks from the Italians in Libya, but following the fall of France it fell into Axis hands. ... The Mareth Line was a system of fortifications built by the French near the coastal town of Medenine in southern Tunisia prior to World War II. It was designed to defend against attacks from the Italians in Libya, but following the fall of France it fell into Axis hands. ... Sfax, Looking across the Place de la Republique towards the Town Hall. ... Operation Roast was an operation by British Commandos at Comacchio lagoon, north east Italy during World War II. This was the first major action in the big spring offensive to push the Germans back to and across the River Po and out of Italy. ... The British Commandos were first formed by the Army in June 1940 during World War II as a well-armed but unregimented raider force employing unconventional and irregular tactics to assault, disrupt and reconnoitre the enemy in mainland Europe and Scandinavia. ... Argenta is a town in the province of Emilia-Romagna, north east Italy, about 30 km southeast of Ferrara, and midway between Ferrara and Ravenna. ... During World War II, Operation Saxifrage was a raid by four small Special Air Service teams who landed on the east coast of Italy on the night of 27 October 1943. ... Ancona is a city and a seaport in the Marche, a region of central Italy, population 101,909 (2005). ... Pescara is a city in central Italy, in the region of Abruzzo. ... Combatants British Empire, United States Germany Commanders John P. Lucas Albert Kesselring Strength 50,000 soldiers 5,000 vehicles 100,000 soldiers Casualties 29,200 combat casualties (4,400 killed, 18,000 wounded, 6,800 prisoners or missing) 27,500 (5,500 killed, 17,500 wounded, and 4,500 prisoners... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Anzio (2003 pop. ... During World War II, Operation Baobab was a commando raid against an Italian railroad target by a small Special Air Service team. ... During World War II, Operation Chettyford was a tactical deception in support of the 1944 Allied invasion at Anzio. ... History records two military operations called Pomegranate, both during World War II. An attack by the British Thirtieth Corps launched on 16 July 1944 to capture jumping-off points for Operation Goodwood. ... It has been suggested that SAS Troops be merged into this article or section. ... Operation Slapstick was a part of the Allied invasion of Italy during World War II on 9 September 1943. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Founded 706 BC as Taras () Region Apulia Mayor Rossana Di Bello Area  - City Proper  217 km² Population  - City (2001)  - Density (city proper) 201,349 973/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 40°28 N 17°14 E www. ... During World War II. Operation Sonnenblume (German for sunflower) was the deployment of German troops (the “Afrika Korps”) to the North African Campaign in February, 1941. ... The seal of Afrikakorps The German Afrika Korps (German: Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK  ) was the corps-level headquarters controlling the German Panzer divisions in Libya and Egypt during the North African Campaign of World War II. Since there was little turnover in the units attached to the corps, the term is...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent. ... During World War II, Operation Speedwell was an early Special Air Service raid against Italian rail targets near Genoa starting on 7 September 1943. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... It has been suggested that SAS Troops be merged into this article or section. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Supermarine Spitfire was an iconic British single-seat fighter used by the RAF and many Allied countries in the Second World War. ... During World War II, Operation Stone Age was the merchant convoy that reached Malta from Egypt on 20 November 1942 breaking the siege of that island. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... Alexandria Modern Alexandria. ... Operation Substance was a British naval operation in July 1941 during the Second World War to escort a convoy from Gibraltar to Malta. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... During World War II, Operation Supercharge II was an attack by the British Eighth Army on the German Mareth Line defenses in southern Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Roman Empire ca. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... During World War II, Operation Tombola was a major Special Air Service raid on German rear areas in Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Combatants United States United Kingdom Free French Forces Germany Vichy France Commanders Dwight Eisenhower Andrew Cunningham Erwin Rommel François Darlan Strength 73,500 - Casualties 479+ dead 720 wounded 1346+ dead 1997 wounded Operation TORCH (initially called Operation GYMNAST) was the British-American invasion of French North Africa in World... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Operation Blackstone was a part of Operation Torch, Allied landings in Africa during World War II. Taking place on 8 November 1942 they were intended to capture the port of Safi as part of a larger operation to capture Casablanca in Morocco. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Asfi (french Safi) is a city located in western Morocco, by the Atlantic Ocean. ... Operation Brushwood was a part of Operation Torch, Allied landings in Africa during World War II. Taking place on 8 November 1942 they were intended to capture the port of Lyautey as part of a larger operation to capture Casablanca in Morocco. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Mohammedia is a port city located 15 miles northeast of Casablanca. ... Template:Campaignbox North African Campaign Operation Torch was the Anglo-American invasion of French North Africa in World War II during the North African Campaign, started November 8, 1942. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Kenitra is a city of Morocco, formerly known as Port Lyautey. ... Kenitra is a city of Morocco, formerly known as Port Lyautey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Operation Reservist was an Allied military operation during World War II. Part of Operation Torch (the Allied invasion of West Africa) it was an attempted landing of troops directly into the harbour at Oran. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... View of Oran Oran (population 700,000) (Arabic: , Wahran) is a city in northwest Algeria, situated on the Mediterranean Sea coast. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Hawker Hurricane is a fighter design from the 1930s which was used extensively by the Royal Air Force during the Battle of Britain. ... Operation Vigorous was a World War II operation to deliver a supply convoy (MW-11) that sailed from Haifa and Port Said on the 12th June 1942 to Malta. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... Alexandria Modern Alexandria. ... During World War II, Operation Vulcan was the final ground attack against German forces in Tunis, Cap Bon and Bizerte, the last Axis toeholds in north Africa. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... The Malta Convoys were a series of supply convoys to sustain the Mediterranean island of Malta during World War 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Hawker Hurricane is a fighter design from the 1930s which was used extensively by the Royal Air Force during the Battle of Britain. ... During World War II, Operation Cold Comfort (later renamed Zombie) was a failed SAS raid that began with a parachute drop north of Verona in mid February 1945. ... During World War II, Operation Cold Comfort (later renamed Zombie) was a failed SAS raid that began with a parachute drop north of Verona in mid February 1945. ...

Pacific Ocean

Combatants United States Japan Commanders Raymond A. Spruance Jisaburo Ozawa Strength 7 heavy carriers, 8 light carriers, 7 battleships, 79 other ships, 28 submarines, 956 planes 6 heavy carriers, 3 light carriers, 5 battleships, 43 other ships, 450 carrier-based planes, 300 land-based planes Casualties 123 planes destroyed (about... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Saipan seen from the air A map of Saipan, Tinian & Aquijan Saipan (IPA: in English) is the largest island and site of the capital of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, a chain of 15 tropical islands in the western Pacific Ocean with a total area of... This is a detailed account of the Battle of the Aleutian Islands of World War II, from 3 June 1942 through 24 August 1943. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Looking down the Aleutians from an airplane. ... The eastern part of the Territory of New Guinea, and the northern Solomon Islands; the area in which Operation Cartwheel took place, from June 1943. ... South West Pacific Area (SWPA) was the name given to one of the four major Allied commands in the Pacific theatre of World War II, during 1942-45. ... Space Radar Image of Rabaul Volcano Rabaul was the capital of East New Britain province, on New Britain Island, Papua New Guinea until 1994. ... During World War II, Operation Chronicle was the Allied invasion of Woodlark and Kiriwina Islands in the South Pacific as part of Operation Cartwheel. ... Woodlark Island, also known as Muyuw or Murua, is one of the Trobriand Islands. ... The Trobriand Islands are a 170 mi² archipelago of coral atolls off the eastern coast of New Guinea. ... During World War II, Operation Cleanslate was the occupation of Russell Island about sixty miles northwest of Guadalcanal by the United States in August, 1942. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... The Russell Islands are two important small islands, as well as several islets, of volcanic origin, in the central Solomon Islands. ... This is a detailed account of the Battle of the Aleutian Islands of World War II, from 3 June 1942 through 24 August 1943. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Kiska is an island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska located at 52. ... Looking down the Aleutians from an airplane. ... Dutch New Guinea was a common name of western New Guinea while it was a colonial possession of the Netherlands. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Holland Smith Tadamichi Kuribayashi † Strength 77,000 marines 100,000 total 20,700 infantry Casualties 6,821 dead 20,000 wounded 18,000 dead 1,083 survived The Battle of Iwo Jima (Operation Detachment) was fought between the United States of America and... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Landsat photo of Iwo Jima, circa 2006 Iwo Jima   (Japanese 硫黄島 Iōtō, or Iōjima, meaning sulfur island) is a volcanic island in Japan, part of the Volcano Islands (the southern part of the Ogasawara Islands), approximately 650 nautical miles (1200 km) south of Tokyo (24°472N, 141... Operation Downfall was the overall Allied plan for the invasion of Japan at the end of World War II. It was scheduled to occur in two parts: Operation Olympic, the invasion of Kyushu, set to begin in November 1945; and later Operation Coronet, the invasion of Honshu near Tokyo, scheduled... Operation Downfall was the overall Allied plan for the invasion of Japan at the end of World War II. It was scheduled to occur in two parts: Operation Olympic, the invasion of Kyushu, set to begin in November 1945; and later Operation Coronet, the invasion of Honshu near Tokyo, scheduled... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Operation Downfall was the overall Allied plan for the invasion of Japan at the end of World War II. It was scheduled to occur in two parts: Operation Olympic, the invasion of Kyushu, set to begin in November 1945; and later Operation Coronet, the invasion of Honshu near Tokyo, scheduled... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Operation Ferdinand can refer to 2 operations in World War 2: In 1944, Operation Ferdinand was an Allied deception plan, which as part of Operation Bodyguard, supported the invasion of Normandy (Operation Overlord). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Captain Martin Clemens, Australian Coastwatcher on Guadalcanal, rendered services to Allied forces during the battle for the island (August, 1942-February, 1943). ... American military history records two operations called Flintlock: Operation Flintlock was the campaign against the Marshall Islands in the Pacific campaign of World War II, from January to February 1944. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Battle of Eniwetok Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date 17 February 1944 – 23 February 1944 Place Eniwetok Atoll, United States Japan Commanders Harry W. Hill Yoshimi Nishida Strength 2 regiments 2,000+ Casualties 339 killed or missing, 757 wounded 2,000+ dead, 16 captured The Battle of Eniwetok... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Aerial view of Enewetok and Parry. ... Attack on Truk Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date 17 February 1944 – 18 February 1944 Place Truk, Caroline Islands Result Decisive American victory In World War II, Operation Hailstone was a massive naval air attack launched on 17 February and 18 February 1944 against the Japanese naval and... Map of Chuuk State Map of Chuuk Islands Chuuk islands A view of Chuuk Chuuk, formerly known by following names; Truk, Ruk, Hogoleu, Torres, Ugulat, and Lugulus; is an island group that comprises one of the four states of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), along with Kosrae, Pohnpei, and... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... During World War II, Operation Forager was the name given to the U.S. invasion of the Marianas Islands (Guam, Saipan and Tinian) to secure bases for B-29 attacks on the Japanese home islands. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas; up to the early 20th century sometimes called Islas de los Ladrones meaning Islands of Thieves) are a group of islands made up by the summits of 15 volcanic mountains in the western Pacific Ocean. ... Combatants United States Japan Commanders Julian Smith Shibasaki Keiji Strength 35,000 2,600 troops, 1,000 Japanese workers and 1,200 Korean laborers Casualties 1,009 killed, 2,101 wounded 3,583 Japanese killed 1,169 Korean laborers killed 17 POWs and 129 Koreans freed The Battle of Tarawa... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... The Gilbert Islands are a chain of 16 atolls and coral islands in the Pacific Ocean, part of the nation Kiribati. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Guadalcanal, a 2,510 square mile (6,500 km²) island in the Pacific Ocean and a province of the Solomon Islands, is largely a jungle. ... Combatants United States United Kingdom (naval involvement only) Empire of Japan Commanders Simon Bolivar Buckner† Joseph Stilwell Mitsuru Ushijima† Strength 548,000 marines 107,000 regulars 24,000 militia Casualties 12,500 killed or missing 38,000 wounded 33,096 non-combat wounded 38 ships lost 763 aircraft lost 110... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Okinawa redirects here. ... During World War II Operation Inmate was the bombardment of Japanese bases on Truk in the Caroline Islands conducted from 12 to 16 June, 1945. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Map of Chuuk State Map of Chuuk Islands Chuuk islands A view of Chuuk Chuuk, formerly known by following names; Truk, Ruk, Hogoleu, Torres, Ugulat, and Lugulus; is an island group that comprises one of the four states of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), along with Kosrae, Pohnpei, and... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Okinawa redirects here. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Husband Kimmel (USN), Walter Short (USA) Chuichi Nagumo (IJN), Mitsuo Fuchida (IJNAS) Strength 8 battleships, 8 cruisers, 29 destroyers, 9 submarines, ~50 other ships, ~390 planes 6 aircraft carriers, 2 battleships, 3 cruisers, 9 destroyers, 8 tankers, 23 fleet submarines, 5 midget submarines... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Satellite image of Pearl Harbor. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Guadalcanal, position (inset) and main towns Guadalcanal is a 2,510 square mile (6 500 km²) island in the Pacific Ocean and a province of the Solomon Islands. ... Operation KE was the three-phase withdrawal of all Japanese forces from the Battle of Guadalcanal following the defeat of the Imperial Army in ground combat centered at Henderson Field and the near destruction of Japanese naval forces in the area. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Guadalcanal, position (inset) and main towns Guadalcanal is a 2,510 square mile (6 500 km²) island in the Pacific Ocean and a province of the Solomon Islands. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Kiska is an island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska located at 52. ... Looking down the Aleutians from an airplane. ... Operation Downfall was the overall Allied plan for the invasion of Japan at the end of World War II. It was scheduled to occur in two parts: Operation Olympic, the invasion of Kyushu, set to begin in November 1945; and later Operation Coronet, the invasion of Honshu near Tokyo, scheduled... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The British Pacific Fleet (BPF) was a multinational Allied naval force which saw action against Japan during World War II. The fleet was comprised mainly of British Commonwealth naval vessels. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... During World War II, Operation Majestic was an alternate plan for the intended Allied invasion of the southernmost Japanese home island of Kyushu. ... During World War II, Operation Meridian was a series of British air attacks conducted on 24 and 29 January, 1945 (Meridian One and Meridian Two on Japanese-held oil refineries at Palembang, on Sumatra. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The British Pacific Fleet (BPF) was a multinational Allied naval force which saw action against Japan during World War II. The fleet was comprised mainly of British Commonwealth naval vessels. ... Location of Palembang Palembang is a city in the south of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Port Moresby town Port Moresby, (), population 255,000 (2000), is the capital of Papua New Guinea. ... The Auckland Metropolitan Area, or Greater Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest urban area in New Zealand. ... This is a detailed account of the Battle of the Aleutian Islands of World War II, from 3 June 1942 through 24 August 1943. ... Attu Island Attu is the westernmost and largest island in the Near Islands group of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, making it the westernmost point of land relative to Alaska and the United States. ... Looking down the Aleutians from an airplane. ... Combatants Allies Empire of Japan Commanders William Halsey, Jr Jisaburo Ozawa Strength 17 aircraft carriers 18 escort carriers 12 battleships 24 cruisers 141 destroyers and destroyer escorts Many PT boats, submarines and fleet auxiliaries About 1,500 planes 4 aircraft carriers 9 battleships 19 cruisers 34 destroyers About 200 planes... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Leyte (pronounced LAY-teh or LAY-tee) is an island in the Visayas group of the Philippines. ... Operation Starvation was an American mining operation conducted in World War II by the Army Air Force, in which vital water routes and ports of Japan were mined by air in order to disrupt enemy shipping. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... During World War II, Operation Stalemate was the American amphibious invasion of Peleliu in the western Carolines. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Map of Peleliu Peleliu (or Beliliou) is an island in the island nation of Palau. ... USS Randolph (CV-15) alongside a repair ship at Ulithi Atoll in the Caroline Islands on 13 March 1945, showing damage to her after flight deck resulting from a kamikaze hit on 11 March. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Navy Kamikaze pilot with the rank of Lieutenant (Chui) receives orders, pilots stand at attention in formation. ... Ulithi is an atoll in the Caroline Islands of the western Pacific Ocean, about 100 km (62 mi) east of Yap. ... Combatants United States Japan Commanders Marc A. Mitscher Seiichi Ito† Strength 11 aircraft carriers 386 aircraft 1 battleship 1 light cruiser 8 destroyers Casualties 10 aircraft destroyed 12 dead 1 battleship sunk 1 light cruiser sunk 4 destroyers sunk 3,700 dead Operation Ten-Go (天号作戦 ten-gō sakusen), also referred... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Okinawa redirects here. ... Fleet Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto ) (4 April 1884 – 18 April 1943) was a Fleet Admiral (Admiral) in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during the first four years of World War II, graduate of Imperial Japanese Naval Academy and alumnus of U.S. Naval War College and Harvard University (1919 - 1921). ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. ... Fleet Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto ) (4 April 1884 – 18 April 1943) was a Fleet Admiral (Admiral) in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during the first four years of World War II, graduate of Imperial Japanese Naval Academy and alumnus of U.S. Naval War College and Harvard University (1919 - 1921). ... Operation Watchtower On August 7, 1942, the 1st Marine Division performed an amphibious landing east of the Tenaru River. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Guadalcanal, a 2,510 square mile (6,500 km²) island in the Pacific Ocean and a province of the Solomon Islands, is largely a jungle. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Husband Kimmel (USN), Walter Short (USA) Chuichi Nagumo (IJN), Mitsuo Fuchida (IJNAS) Strength 8 battleships, 8 cruisers, 29 destroyers, 9 submarines, ~50 other ships, ~390 planes 6 aircraft carriers, 2 battleships, 3 cruisers, 9 destroyers, 8 tankers, 23 fleet submarines, 5 midget submarines... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Satellite image of Pearl Harbor. ...

Resistance Movements

Reinhard Heydrich, the target of Operation Anthropoid. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Reinhard Heydrich as SS-Gruppenführer. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Coat of arms Istria (Istra, pronounced in Croatian and Slovenian; Istria, pronounced in Italian, Istrien, pronounced in German) is the biggest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... The Armia Krajowa (Home Army) or AK functioned as the dominant Polish resistance movement in World War II in German-occupied Poland, which was active in all areas of the country from September 1939 until its disbanding in January 1945. ... Operation Canuck was an operation of World War II conducted by the Canadian Captain Buck McDonald and a small team of Special Air Service troopers in January, 1945. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Turin (Italian: ; Piedmontese: Turin) is a major industrial city and business, cultural, and religious center in northwest Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the west bank of the Po River. ... Partisans parading in Milan The Italian resistance movement was a partisan force during World War II. It became massive after the capitulation of the Italian Royal Army on September 8, 1943. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... A resistance movement is a group or collection of individual groups, dedicated to fighting an invader in an occupied country through either the use of physical force, or nonviolence. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Map of Croatia with Dalmatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija Serbian: Далмација) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ... Military history records two Operation Eisbär, both conducted by the Germans in 1943. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Port of Kos Archaeological site Tree of Hippocrates Roman amphitheater Kos town view Kos or Cos (, Greek Κως, Turkish Ä°stanköy, Italian Coo; formerly Stanchio in English) is a Greek island in the Dodecanese group of islands, in the Aegean Sea, which it separates from the Gulf of Cos. ... Fall Weiss (Plan White) was a German strategic plan for a combined Axis attack launched in early 1943 against the Partisans throughout occupied Yugoslavia, in the Independent State of Croatia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Slovene: Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in South Slavic languages, Југославија (Serbian, Macedonian Cyrillic): Land of the South Slavs) describes three separate political entities that existed on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe during most of the 20th century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea. ... The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Slovene: Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije... Approximate borders between Bosnia (marked light) and Herzegovina (marked dark) Historically and geographically, the region known as Bosnia (natively Bosna/Босна) comprises the northern part of the present-day country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in South Slavic languages, Југославија (Serbian, Macedonian Cyrillic): Land of the South Slavs) describes three separate political entities that existed on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe during most of the 20th century. ... Military history notes two operations named Ratweek: 1. ... The Balkan Air Force was a late-World War II Allied air formation. ... The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Slovene: Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in South Slavic languages, Југославија (Serbian, Macedonian Cyrillic): Land of the South Slavs) describes three separate political entities that existed on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe during most of the 20th century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946). ... The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Slovene: Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije... Motto: none Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Capital Podgorica Largest city Podgorica Serbian of the Ijekavian dialect1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence From Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 14,026 km² (159th) 5,414 sq mi   - Water... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in South Slavic languages, Југославија (Serbian, Macedonian Cyrillic): Land of the South Slavs) describes three separate political entities that existed on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe during most of the 20th century. ... Operation Rösselsprung (Knights Leap) was a World War II operation by the Germans in April and May 1944, whose goal was to capture Josip Broz Tito and disrupt the leadership of the communist Partisan movement in Yugoslavia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Sutjeska offensive in mid-1943 was a joint attack of the Axis forces that aimed to destroy the Yugoslav partisan force, near the Sutjeska river in southeastern Bosnia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Slovene: Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in South Slavic languages, Југославија (Serbian, Macedonian Cyrillic): Land of the South Slavs) describes three separate political entities that existed on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe during most of the 20th century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946). ... The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Slovene: Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije... Approximate borders between Bosnia (marked light) and Herzegovina (marked dark) Historically and geographically, the region known as Bosnia (natively Bosna/Босна) comprises the northern part of the present-day country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in South Slavic languages, Југославија (Serbian, Macedonian Cyrillic): Land of the South Slavs) describes three separate political entities that existed on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe during most of the 20th century. ...

South and South East Asia

Iran, India, Burma, Malaya and Indo-China, and the Indian Ocean

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During the last year of World War II, Operation Cockpit was a raid by a British naval force of twenty-two warships, including two aircraft carriers, on Japanese port and oil facilities on Sabang Island (off the northern tip of Sumatra) on 25 July, 1945. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... During World War II, Operation Capital, Operation Y, was a broad British offensive launched from Assam, India across the Chindwin River into northeast Burma near Mandalay, launched on 19 November, 1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Operation Culverin was a planned operation in World War II, in which Allied troops would recapture the northern tip of Sumatra (the present day province of Aceh) from the Japanese. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... Operation Countenance was the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Persia (now Iran), starting 25 August 1941 and completed on 17 September 1941. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... During World War II, Operation Dracula was the name given to an airborne and amphibious attack on Rangoon by British and Indian forces, part of the Burma Campaign. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Yangôn, formerly Rangoon, population 4,504,000 (2001), is the capital of Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During World War II, Operation Diplomat was an Allied naval training operation. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Operation Dukedom was the British search and destroy operation in May, 1945 for the Japanese cruiser Haguro. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Haguro (羽黒) was the last of the four-member Myoko class of heavy cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy. ... Six XE class midget submarines were built for the Royal Navy during 1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... A submarine communications cable is a cable laid beneath the sea to carry telecommunications between countries. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Operation Jaywick was one of the most daring and celebrated special operations undertaken in World War II. In September 1943, eleven Australian and four British army and navy personnel raided Japanese shipping in Singapore harbour, sinking seven ships and, against great odds, made it back to Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Operation Krohcol was a British operation in 1942 to move into Siam just after the Japanese attack on Malaya during World War II. It was named Krohcol as it was a column operating on the Kroh-Patani road. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... The Chindits (Officially in 1942 77th Indian Infantry Brigade and in 1943 Indian 3rd Infantry Division) were a British Indian Army Special Force that served in Burma and India from 1942 until 1945 during the Burma Campaign in World War II. They were formed into long range penetration groups trained... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Chindits (Officially in 1942 77th Indian Infantry Brigade and in 1943 Indian 3rd Infantry Division) were a British Indian Army Special Force that served in Burma and India from 1942 until 1945 during the Burma Campaign in World War II. They were formed into long range penetration groups trained... History Records a number of operations named Matador: // The British in Malaya Operation Matador was a plan of the British Malaya Command to move forces into position to counter a Japanese amphibious attack on Malaya. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For the country formerly called Siam see Thailand SIAM is an acronym for Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. ... Map of Peninsular Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia (Malay: Semenanjung Malaysia) is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula, and shares a land border with Thailand in the north. ... During World War II, Operation Meridian was a series of British air attacks conducted on 24 and 29 January, 1945 (Meridian One and Meridian Two on Japanese-held oil refineries at Palembang, on Sumatra. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... Six XE class midget submarines were built for the Royal Navy during 1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... A submarine communications cable is a cable laid beneath the sea to carry telecommunications between countries. ... Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành Chí Minh) is the largest city in Vietnam, located near the delta of the Mekong River. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Six XE class midget submarines were built for the Royal Navy during 1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) (: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun) or sometimes referred to as the Combined Fleet was the Navy of Empire of Japan (Dai Nippon Teikoku) from 1869 until 1947, when it was dissolved following Japans constitutional renunciation of the use of force as a means of settling... World War II United States Navy recognition drawings of Takao and Atago Takao was a heavy cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy, named after Mount Takao(高雄山), a mountain in kyoto, Japan. ... Six XE class midget submarines were built for the Royal Navy during 1944. ... During World War II, Operation Talon was the name given to the British amphibious landing at Akyab in western Burma on 3 January 1945. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Sittwe (1983 population estimate: 107,607), formerly known as Akyab, is a city and district in the RakhineState, Myanmar. ... The Burma Campaign was a campaign in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II. It was fought primarily between Commonwealth, Chinese and American forces against the Empire of Japan. ... The Chindits (Officially in 1942 77th Indian Infantry Brigade and in 1943 Indian 3rd Infantry Division) were a British Indian Army Special Force that served in Burma and India from 1942 until 1945 during the Burma Campaign in World War II. They were formed into long range penetration groups trained... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Chindits (Officially in 1942 77th Indian Infantry Brigade and in 1943 Indian 3rd Infantry Division) were a British Indian Army Special Force that served in Burma and India from 1942 until 1945 during the Burma Campaign in World War II. They were formed into long range penetration groups trained... During World War II, Operation Transom was a naval air attack on Japanese targets on Java by American and British carrier planes. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Surabaya (formerly Soerabaja) is Indonesias second-largest city, and the capital of the province of East Java. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... The Battle of Imphal took place in Manipur district of North East India from April until June 1944. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... Imphal is the capital of Manipur, India. ... Kohima is the hilly capital of Indias north eastern border state of Nagaland which shares its borders with Burma. ... During World War II, Operation Zipper was a British plan to capture of either Port Swettenham or Port Dickson, Burma as staging areas for the recapture of Singapore. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During World War II, Operation Zipper was a British plan to capture of either Port Swettenham or Port Dickson, Burma as staging areas for the recapture of Singapore. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ...

Scandinavia

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden

Operation Alphabet was the evacuation, authorized on May 24, 1940, of British troops from the harbour of Narvik in northernmost Norway marking the success of Nazi Germanys Operation Weserübung of April 6 and the end of the British campaign in Norway during World War II. The evacuation was... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During World War II, Operation Archery was a British Combined Operations raid on December 27, 1941 against German positions on Vaagso(VÃ¥gsøy), Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... County Sogn og Fjordane Landscape Nordfjord Municipality NO-1439 Administrative centre MÃ¥løy Mayor (2004) Roger Bernt Silden (Ap) Official language form Nynorsk Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 348 176 km² 171 km² 0. ... During World War II, Operation Ambassador was a British Commando raid on 26th December, 1941 on the Lofoten Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Henningsvær, a fishing village in Lofoten during fishing season (April, 2001). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Combatants Germany Finland Commanders Lothar Rendulic Hjalmar Siilasvuo Strength 200,000 60,000 Casualties 950 killed 2,000 wounded 1,300 captured 774 killed 3,000 wounded 262 missing The Lapland War is a name used for the hostilities between Finland and Germany between September 1944 and April 1945. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... During World War II the name Büffel Bewegung (Buffalo Movement in German) was given to a series of local retreats conducted by the German Army on the Russian Front during the period 1-22 March 1943. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... County Nordland District Ofoten Municipality NO-1805 Administrative centre Narvik Mayor (2004) Olav Sigurd AlstadThe Beagle (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 29 2,023 km² 1,905 km² 0. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Deaths Head emblem similar to skull and crossbones, often used as the insignia of the Gestapo The   (contraction of Geheime Staatspolizei; Secret State Police) was the official secret police of Nazi Germany. ... Copenhagen (IPA: , rhyming with pagan (the way the Danes themselves pronounce the name of the capital in English), or , with a as in spa; Danish   IPA: ) is the capital of Denmark and the countrys largest city (metropolitan population 1,211,542 (2006)), at present made up of 16 municipalities. ... Project Catherine was the name of a proposed Baltic Sea offensive by the Royal Navy to be undertaken in the spring of 1940 whith the aim of interdicting German sea borne commerce with the Soviet Union, Finland, Sweden and the Baltic States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... During World War II, Operation Claymore was a British Commando and Royal Navy raid on 4 March, 1941 on the Lofoten Islands, off the coast of Norway, just inside the Arctic Circle. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Henningsvær, a fishing village in Lofoten during fishing season (April, 2001). ... The Norwegian heavy water sabotage was a series of actions taken by Norwegian saboteurs during World War II to prevent the Germans from acquiring heavy water which could be used to produce nuclear weapons. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Heavy water is dideuterium oxide, or D2O or 2H2O. It is chemically the same as normal water, H2O, but the hydrogen atoms are of the heavy isotope deuterium, in which the nucleus contains a neutron in addition to the proton found in the nucleus of any hydrogen atom. ... The Vemork hydroelectric plant, site of the heavy water production Vemork, a small community in Norway, close to the city Rjukan and within the Tinn municipality, in the county of Telemark. ... The Vemork hydroelectric plant, site of the heavy water production In World War II, Nazi Germany investigated the possibility of building an atomic bomb. ... The Norwegian heavy water sabotage was a series of actions taken by Norwegian saboteurs during World War II to prevent the Germans from acquiring heavy water which could be used to produce nuclear weapons. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... The Norwegian heavy water sabotage was a series of actions taken by Norwegian saboteurs during World War II to prevent the Germans from acquiring heavy water which could be used to produce nuclear weapons. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Heavy water is dideuterium oxide, or D2O or 2H2O. It is chemically the same as normal water, H2O, but the hydrogen atoms are of the heavy isotope deuterium, in which the nucleus contains a neutron in addition to the proton found in the nucleus of any hydrogen atom. ... The Vemork hydroelectric plant, site of the heavy water production Vemork, a small community in Norway, close to the city Rjukan and within the Tinn municipality, in the county of Telemark. ... During World War II, Operation Gauntlet was a Combined Operations raid by Canadian Infantry, British Commandos and Norwegian servicemen on the Norwegian island of Spitsbergen, 600 miles south of the North Pole, from 18 August 1941, over several weeks. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Spitsbergen is the largest island in the Svalbard archipelago, which is situated in the Arctic Ocean and administered by Norway. ... Operation Ikarus (Unternehmen Ikarus or Fall Ikarus in German) was a World War II German plan to invade Iceland wich had been captured by British forces in 1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Juno was a German naval offensive late in the Norwegian Campaign. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... There were 3 operations called Jupiter during World War 2: in 1942, a proposal to invade Norway in 1942, a failed Soviet offensive against the Rzhev salient in 1944, an attack to capture Hill 112, a prominent height in Normandy This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Kandalaksha (Russian: Кандалакша; Finnish: Kannanlahti) is a city in northwestern Russia. ... Belomorsk (Russian: ) is a town in the Republic of Karelia, Russia. ... Operation Musketoon was an Anglo-Norwegian raid against a German-held Generator Station at Glomfjord, Norway in September, 1942 during the Second World War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Location of Kola south of the Barents Sea. ... The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was a United States intelligence agency formed during World War II. It was the wartime (but not direct) precursor to the Central Intelligence Agency. ... Operation Renntier (Reindeer) was a German operation during World War II. Its goal was to secure the nickel-mines in Finnish Petsamo against Soviet aggression. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The area of Petsamo (Pechenga in Russian) in northern Lapland, indigenously inhabited by Samis, came to Finland in 1920 and to the Soviet Union in 1944. ... Operation Silberfuchs (Silver Fox) was a German operation during World War II. Its main goal was the capture of the Soviet port at Murmansk through attacks from Finnish territory. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Silberfuchs (Silver Fox) was a German operation during World War II. Its main goal was the capture of the Soviet port at Murmansk through attacks from Finnish territory. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Silberfuchs (Silver Fox) was a German operation during World War II. Its main goal was the capture of the Soviet port at Murmansk through attacks from Finnish territory. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Unternehmen Platinfuchs (Operation Platinum Fox) was a German and Finnish military offensive launched during World War II. Platinfuchs took place on the Eastern Front and had the objective of capturing the White Sea port of Murmansk. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Murmansk, Archangelsk, Dikson, Tiksi, on the Arctic Ocean Murmansk coin Murmansk (Russian: ) is a city in the extreme northwest of Russia (north of the Arctic circle) with a seaport on the Kola Gulf, 12 km from the Barents Sea on the northern shore of the Kola Peninsula, not far from... The area of Petsamo (Pechenga in Russian) in northern Lapland, indigenously inhabited by Samis, came to Finland in 1920 and to the Soviet Union in 1944. ... The German XXXVI Corps, consisting of both German and Finnish troops, carried out Operation Polarfuchs (in English: Operation Arctic Fox) against Soviet defences at Salla in July 1941. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Kandalaksha (Russian: Кандалакша; Finnish: Kannanlahti) is a city in northwestern Russia. ... National anthem Sámi soga lávlla Languages Sami, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Russian Area ca. ... Operation Renntier (Reindeer) was a German operation during World War II. Its goal was to secure the nickel-mines in Finnish Petsamo against Soviet aggression. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The area of Petsamo (Pechenga in Russian) in northern Lapland, indigenously inhabited by Samis, came to Finland in 1920 and to the Soviet Union in 1944. ... Operation Zitronella, also known as Operation Sizilien, was the German raid and temporary occupation of Spitzbergen in September, 1943. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Spitsbergen is the largest island in the Svalbard archipelago, which is situated in the Arctic Ocean and administered by Norway. ... Operation Tanne Ost was a German operation during World War II to capture the island Suursaari in the Gulf of Finland before it could fall into Soviet hands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Hogland (Russian: Гогланд; Finnish: Suursaari; Swedish: Hogland) is an island in the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea, located some 180 km west of Saint Petersburg and 35 km away from the coast of Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... National motto: ? Official language Swedish Capital Mariehamn Governor Peter Lindbäck Premier Roger Nordlund Total Area  - Land  - Water 6,784 km² 1,527 km² 5,258 km² Population  - Total (2002)  - Density 26,257 17. ... Operation Weserübung was the German codename for Nazi Germanys assault on Denmark and Norway during World War II and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Weserübung was the German codename for Nazi Germanys assault on Denmark and Norway during World War II and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2005) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... County Nordland District Ofoten Municipality NO-1805 Administrative centre Narvik Mayor (2004) Olav Sigurd AlstadThe Beagle (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 29 2,023 km² 1,905 km² 0. ... Operation Weserübung was the German codename for Nazi Germanys assault on Denmark and Norway during World War II and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... County Hordaland District Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2004) Herman Friele (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... County Vest-Agder District Sørlandet Municipality NO-1001 Administrative centre Kristiansand Mayor (2004) Jan Oddvar Skisland (KrF) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 287 277 km² 259 km² 0. ... County Oslo NO-03 District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... Operation Zitronella, also known as Operation Sizilien, was the German raid and temporary occupation of Spitzbergen in September, 1943. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ...

Western Front

Western Europe, by year

In World War II, Battle of France was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries, executed 10 May 1940 which ended the Phony War. ...

1939

1940
  • Ariel (1940) — British and Allied evacuations from French ports between Cherbourg and the Spanish border
  • Ambassador (1940) — British commando raid on Guernsey
  • Attila (1940) — German seizure and occupation of Vichy France, without Italian support
  • Cycle (1940) — British and Allied evacuation from Le Havre
  • Dynamo (1940) — British & Allied evacuation from Dunkirk
  • Fall Gelb ("Case Yellow") (1940) — German offensive against western Europe
  • Granit (Granite) (1940) German paratrooper attack on Fort Eben-Emael
  • Grün [2] ("Green") (1940) — decoy invasion of Ireland in conjunction with Seelöwe
  • Herbstreise ("Autumn Journey") (1940) — decoy invasion of Scotland
  • Marine (1940) — Dropping of naval mines into the Rhine
  • Mondscheinsonate ("Moonlight Sonata") (1940) — German aerial raid on Coventry
  • Seelöwe ("Sea Lion") (1940) — planned German invasion of Britain
    • Adlertag ("Eagle’s Day") — German effort to destroy the RAF prior to invasion, which gave rise to the Battle of Britain
    • Grün [2] ("Green") (1940) — decoy invasion of Ireland in conjunction with Seelöwe
    • Herbstreise ("Autumn Journey") — decoy invasion of Scotland in conjunction with Seelöwe.
    • Wal ("Whale") (1940) — aborted German plan to contact Scottish and Welsh nationalist groups
  • Walfisch ("Whale") (1940) — aborted German plan to land an agent in Ireland

During World War II, Operation Ariel was the escape of French and British forces from northern France after the collapse of that country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Location within France Cherbourg-Octeville is a city and commune in Normandy, north-west France. ... During World War II, Operation Ambassador (14/15 July, 1940) was the second raid by British Commandos comprising 40 men of H Troop, No. ... During World War II, Operation Attila was the Nazi occupation of Vichy France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... For other uses of Vichy, see Vichy (disambiguation). ... During World War II, Operation Cycle was the evacuation of Allied troops from Le Havre, France in June, 1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Location within France Abbey of Graville, Le Havre An old house in Le Havre Church of St. ... Men from the French army disembark in England after evacuation of Dunkirk, France 1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Carnival in Dunkirk. ... In World War II, Battle of France or Case Yellow (Fall Gelb in German) was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries, executed 10 May 1940 which ended the Phony War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... European redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Eben-Emael was a Belgian fortress in between Liège and Maastricht, near the Albert Canal, defending the Belgian-German border. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... During World War II, Operation Herbstreise (Autumn Journey in German) was a planned series of deception operations to support the planned German invasion of Britain (Operation Seelowe). ... Motto: (Eng: No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen of the UK Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by... Operation Marine was a military operation in World War II. Promoted by Winston Churchill, the concept employed floating naval mines which were dropped into the Rhine River in France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to destroy ships or submarines. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (Dutch Rijn, French Rhin, German Rhein, Italian: Reno, Romansch: Rein, ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... The Precinct in Coventry city centre. ... Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe in German) was a World War II German plan to invade Britain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Military history records two events called Operation Adler, the name meaning Eagle in German: A series of air attacks beginning on 13 August 1940 that began the Battle of Britain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe in German) was a World War II German plan to invade Britain. ... Combatants United Kingdom Germany Commanders Hugh Dowding Hermann Göring Albert Kesselring Strength 700+ Grew to nearly 1000 during end of the Battle. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... During World War II, Operation Herbstreise (Autumn Journey in German) was a planned series of deception operations to support the planned German invasion of Britain (Operation Seelowe). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Whale (Unternehmen Wal or Unternehmen Walfisch in German) was the name of two seperate German Intelligence (Abwehr) plans conceived in 1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Whale (Unternehmen Wal or Unternehmen Walfisch in German) was the name of two seperate German Intelligence (Abwehr) plans conceived in 1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ...

1941
  • Artur ("Arthur") (1941) — German plan to support IRA activities
  • Savannah (1941) Free French attempt to ambush and kill Luftwaffe pathfinder pilots in France
  • Seeadler ("Sea Eagle") or Taube II (1941) — aborted German plan to supply the IRA with funds and a radio transmitter

In World War II, Operation Artur (Arthur) was the German plan to support I.R.A. activities in Northern Ireland and Ireland in 1941. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Following the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty on 6 December 1921, the Irish Republican Army in the 26 counties that were to become the Irish Free State split between supporters and opponents of the Treaty. ... During World War II, Operation Savannah was the first insertion of SOE trained Free French paratroops into German-occupied France: on the night of 15 March 1941. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... Free French Forces under review during the Battle of Normandy. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Operation Sea Eagle (Unternehmen Seeadler in German) sometimes referred to as Operation Dove II (Unternehmen Taube II in German) was a German Foreign Ministry plan conceived in May 1941 after the collapse of planning around Operation Whale (Unternehmen Walfisch in German). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Following the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty on 6 December 1921, the Irish Republican Army in the 26 counties that were to become the Irish Free State split between supporters and opponents of the Treaty. ...

1942
  • Anton (1942) — Nazi-German occupation of Vichy France during World War II: Attila renamed, with Italian support.
  • Basalt (1942) — British raid on Sark
  • Biting (1942) — Commando raid on radar site in France
  • Cerberus (1942) — escape of German capital ships from Brest to home ports in Germany (Channel Dash)
  • Chariot (1942) — British raid on Saint Nazaire
  • Clawhammer (1942) — planned commando raid on a radar site in France
  • Frankton (1942) — commando raid on shipping in Bordeaux, France
  • Jubilee (1942) — unsuccessful large scale British and Canadian raid on Dieppe (northern France) starting on August 19, 1942. Successor to Operation Rutter.
  • Millennium (1942) — British 1000 bomber raid on Cologne.
  • Rutter (1942) — planned British and Canadian raid on Dieppe, northern France, in July 1942. Abandoned due to unfavourable weather conditions and revived as Jubilee.
  • Sledgehammer (1942) — Allied contingency plan for capture of Cherbourg or Brest in 1943 (shelved)

Case (or operation) Anton was the code-name for the Nazi-German occupation of Vichy France during World War II. Anton was invoked at Hitlers order after the allied landings in French Morocco (Operation Torch) in November 1942. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946). ... For other uses of Vichy, see Vichy (disambiguation). ... During World War II, Operation Basalt was a small raid on the German occupied British Channel Island of Sark, on the night of 3/4 October, 1942. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Flag of Sark Sark (in French, Sercq, in Sercquiais Sèr) is a small island of the Channel Islands, part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey. ... RAF photo-reconnaissance picture of the Bruneval Wuerzburg (the dish-shaped object in the left-foreground) The Bruneval Wuerzburg from another angle, showing the equipment in profile During World War II, Operation Biting was a Combined Operations raid to capture components of a German Wuerzburg radar set at Bruneval, France... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Operation Cerberus (German: Zerberus) was the name given to the escape during World War II of the Kriegsmarines ships Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Prinz Eugen and a number of smaller ships from Brest to ports in Germany and Denmark via the English Channel. ... Location within France Brest, at the tip of Brittany Brest is a city in the Bretagne région, north-west France, sous-préfecture of the Finistère département. ... Operation Cerberus (German: Zerberus) was the name given to the escape during World War II of the Kriegsmarines ships Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Prinz Eugen and a number of smaller ships from Brest to ports in Germany and Denmark via the English Channel. ... This article is about the 1942 raid on St Nazaire. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Location within France Saint-Nazaire (Breton: Sant-Nazer), is a town and commune in the Loire-Atlantique département of France, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... During World War II, Operation Clawhammer was a planned British Commandos raid on a German radar and communication site near Cherbourg, France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This long range RADAR antenna, known as ALTAIR, is used to detect and track space objects in conjunction with ABM testing at the Ronald Reagan Test Site on the Kwajalein atoll[1]. RADAR is a system that uses radio waves to determine and map the location, direction, and/or speed... During World War II, Operation Frankton was a British Combined Operations raid on shipping in Bordeaux harbour, France in December, 1942, by 12 men of the Boom Patrol Detachment, Royal Navy, in two-man Cockle MK II Canoes. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... New city flag (traditional tri-crescent) City coat of arms Motto: The fleur-de-lis alone rules over the moon, the waves, the castle, and the lion Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région Aquitaine Département Gironde (33) Intercommunality Urban Community of Bordeaux Mayor... Dieppes pebble beach and cliff immediately following the raid on August 19th, 1942. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... The City of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids by the Allies during World War II. During the war the Royal Air Force (RAF) bombed Cologne more than thirty one times. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Köln redirects here. ... Dieppes pebble beach and cliff immediately following the raid on 19 August 1942. ... Dieppe is the name of several places and events: Dieppe, France (pop. ... Dieppes pebble beach and cliff immediately following the raid on August 19th, 1942. ... During World War II, Operation Sledgehammer was an Allied contingency plan for a limited-objective cross-channel invasion of Europe in response to a German or Soviet collapse in 1942. ... Location within France Cherbourg-Octeville is a city and commune in Normandy, north-west France. ... Location within France Brest, at the tip of Brittany Brest is a city in the Bretagne région, north-west France, sous-préfecture of the Finistère département. ...

1943

Major General Henry H. Arnold Operation Bolero occurred during World War Two, around the same time as Operation Overlord. ... Matériel (from the French for equipment or hardware, related to the word material) is a term used in English to refer to the equipment and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management. ... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... Operation Chastise was the official name for the attacks on German dams on May 17, 1943 in World War II using a specially developed bouncing bomb. The attack was carried out by Royal Air Force No. ... Operation Chastise was the official name for the attacks on German dams on May 17, 1943 in World War II using a specially developed bouncing bomb. The attack was carried out by Royal Air Force No. ... The purpose of Operation Corona was to confuse the German nightfighters during the raids on German cities during WWII. It was first used during the attack on the German industrial center of Kassel on the night of October 22/23 1943 in which 90% of the city fell to ashes... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Watershed of the river Weser Kassel (until 1926 officially Cassel) is a city situated along the Fulda River, one of the two sources of the Weser river, in northern Hessen in west-central Germany. ... Operation Constellation was the name of one of a number of WWII missions, proposed by Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, in 1943 to take back the Channel Islands from German occupation in WWII. It was never mounted. ... The Channel Islands are a group of islands off the coast of Normandy, France, in the English Channel. ... Operation Constellation was the name of one of a number of WWII missions, proposed by Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, in 1943 to take back the Channel Islands from German occupation in WWII. It was never mounted. ... Operation Constellation was the name of one of a number of WWII missions, proposed by Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, in 1943 to take back the Channel Islands from German occupation in WWII. It was never mounted. ... Capital St Anne Status Part of Guernsey, Crown dependency of the UK Official language(s) English Head of Government Sir Norman Browse Population 2,400 Currency Pound sterling (GBP). ... Operation Constellation was the name of one of a number of WWII missions, proposed by Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, in 1943 to take back the Channel Islands from German occupation in WWII. It was never mounted. ... Operation Crossbow was a British project in World War II to destroy a German secret weapons rocket project. ... Firestorm in Hamburg Operation Gomorrah was the military codename for a series of air raids conducted by the Royal Air Force on the city of Hamburg beginning in the end of July 1943. ... Project Habbakuk was a plan by the British in World War II to construct an unsinkable aircraft carrier out of ice, for use against German U-boats in the mid-Atlantic, which was out of range of land-based planes. ... Four aircraft carriers, Principe-de-Asturias, USS Wasp, USS Forrestal and HMS Invincible (front-to-back), showing the difference in size between a supercarrier, light V/STOL carriers, and an amphibious carrier. ... Peenemündes position in Germany Peenemünde is a village in the northeast of the German island of Usedom. ... Peenemündes position in Germany Peenemünde is a village in the northeast of the German island of Usedom. ... Military history records two operations called Operation Roundup: 1. ...

1944

During World War II, Operation Chastity was a plan for the construction of an artificial harbor (called a “Mulberry”) in Quiberon Bay, France to support Allied operations in Northern France in 1944. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... The Baie de Quiberon is an area of sheltered water on the south coast of Brittany. ... Traditional coat of arms Modern flag (Gwenn-ha-du) Historical province of Brittany région of Bretagne, see Bretagne. ... During World War II, Operation Clipper was an Allied offensive by Thirtieth British Corps (including the American Eighty-fourth Infantry Division) to reduce the Geilenkirchen Salient on 18 November 1945. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Geilenkirchen is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, in the district Heinsberg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Venlo is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... The British VIII Corps was an army corps formation that existed during World War I and World War II. World War I The VIII Corps was first formed at Gallipoli during World War I. The main British battle front was at Cape Helles on the tip of the Gallipoli peninsula. ... The Fieseler Fi 103/FZG-76 (Vergeltungswaffe-1, V-1), known as the Flying bomb, Buzz bomb or Doodlebug, was the first guided missile used in war and the forerunner of todays cruise missile. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Vergeltungswaffe 1 Fi 103 / FZG-76 (V-1), known as the Flying bomb, Buzz bomb or Doodlebug, was the first modern guided missile used in wartime and the first cruise missile. ... History records two German military operations called Herbstnebel (Autumn Mist in German): Operation Herbstnebel (Battle of the Bulge): A Plan created by Field Marshal Walther Model as an alternative to Martin and Wacht am Rhein. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Dijon ( ) is a city in eastern France, the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Côte-dOr département and of the Bourgogne région. ... Combatants Canada United Kingdom Poland Belgium Norway Germany Commanders Guy Simonds (acting) (First Canadian Army) Gustav-Adolf von Zangen (German 15th Army) Strength  ?  ? Casualties 12,873 total; including 6,367 Canadian  ? The Battle of the Scheldt was a series of military operations which took place in northern Belgium and south... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Satellite image of the Scheldt estuary Walcheren is a former island in the province of Zeeland in the Netherlands at the mouth of the Scheldt estuary. ... Combatants Canada United Kingdom Poland Belgium Norway Germany Commanders Guy Simonds (acting) (First Canadian Army) Gustav-Adolf von Zangen (German 15th Army) Strength  ?  ? Casualties 12,873 total; including 6,367 Canadian  ? The Battle of the Scheldt was a series of military operations which took place in northern Belgium and south... Amiens Prison during the raid Operation Jericho was a low-level attack on Amiens Prison in Nazi-occupied France undertaken by 19 Mosquito Mk. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The cathedral in Amiens Location within France Amiens is a city and commune in the north of France, 120 km north of Paris. ... Bold textItalic textLink title // Headline text Headline text Headline text == The cross of Lorraine used by the French Resistance as a symbolic reference to Joan of Arc. ... During World War II, Operation Lost was a seven-man Special Air Service patrol conducted in Brittany alongside Operation Dingson in June and July, 1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During World War II, Operation Loyton was an ill-fated 91-man Special Air Service patrol conducted from 12 August to 9 October 1944 in eastern France. ... Vosges is a French département, named after the Vosges mountain range. ... Operation Marine was a military operation in World War II. Promoted by Winston Churchill, the concept employed floating naval mines which were dropped into the Rhine River in France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to destroy ships or submarines. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (Dutch Rijn, French Rhin, German Rhein, Italian: Reno, Romansch: Rein, ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... Combatants United Kingdom United States Poland Germany Commanders Bernard Montgomery Gerd von Rundstedt Strength XXX Corps, 35,000 airborne 20,000 Casualties 17,000 casualties 8,000 casualties Operation Market Garden (September 17-September 25, 1944) was an Allied military operation in World War II. Its tactical objectives were to... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... During World War II, Operation Nelson was a planned Special Air Service operation scheduled for June, 1944 in the vicinity of the Orléans Gap. ... During World War II, Operation Newton was a jeep-mounted patrol by 57 French members of the Special Air Service who operated in the Champagne-Burgundy area from 19 August to 11 September 1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... Free French Forces under review during the Battle of Normandy. ... Coat of arms of the 2nd duchy of Burgundy and later of the French province of Burgundy Burgundy (French: Bourgogne) is a historic region of France, inhabited in turn by Pre-Indo-European people, Celts (Gauls), Romans (Gallo-Romans), and various Germanic peoples, most importantly the Burgundians and the Franks. ... Combatants United States United Kingdom Canada Free France Poland Germany Commanders Dwight Eisenhower (Supreme Allied Commander) Bernard Montgomery (land) Bertram Ramsay (sea) Trafford Leigh-Mallory (air) Gerd von Rundstedt (OB WEST) Erwin Rommel (absent) (Heeresgruppe B) Friedrich Dollmann () Strength 326,000 (by June 11) Unknown, probably some 1,000,000... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Location within France Abbey of Graville, Le Havre An old house in Le Havre Church of St. ... During World War II, Operation Bluecoat was an attack by British Second Army south of Caumont, France executed 29 July 1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... The River Vire is a river in Normandy in France whose 118 km course crosses the départements of Calvados and Manche, flowing through the towns of Vire, Saint-Lô and Isigny-sur-Mer, finally flowing out into the English Channel. ... During World War II, Operation Bodyguard was the overall Allied strategic deception plan in Europe for 1944, carried out as part of the build-up to the invasion of Normandy. ... Operation Ferdinand can refer to 2 operations in World War 2: In 1944, Operation Ferdinand was an Allied deception plan, which as part of Operation Bodyguard, supported the invasion of Normandy (Operation Overlord). ... Operation Skye was a deception plan carried out by the Allies during World War II. Operation Skye was subplan of Operation Fortitude, a wider deception plan. ... Operation Fortitude was the codename for the deception operations used by the Allied forces during World War II in connection with the Normandy landings. ... Pas-de-Calais is a département in northern France named after the strait which it borders. ... The notion that Operation Copperhead, a deception operation during World War II, was called Operation Hambone is without foundation. ... In World War 2, Operation Jael was an Allied deception operation conducted from November 1943 to February 1944 in Europe to convince the Germans that the center of Allied operations would continue to be in the Mediterranean area. ... In World War II, Operation Quicksilver (Allies, 1944) was a sub-plan of Operation Fortitude, the 1944 deception plan. ... Major General Henry H. Arnold Operation Bolero occurred during World War Two, around the same time as Operation Overlord. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Matériel (from the French for equipment or hardware, related to the word material) is a term used in English to refer to the equipment and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management. ... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... During World War 2, Operation Charnwood (Allies, 1944) had the objective to capture Caen and its surroundings during the ongoing Battle of Normandy. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Caen is a commune of northwestern France. ... During World War II, Operation Chicago was carried out by the Allies in 1944. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Operation Cobra was the codename for the World War II operation planned by United States Army General Omar Bradley to break out from the Normandy area after the previous months D-Day landings. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Mont Saint-Michel, one of the famous symbols of Normandy. ... During World War II, Operation Dunhill was an abortive Special Air Service operation which began on 3 August 1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... It was named after Crissy Cooney (Happy borthday for wednesday) whose lethal insults make her a dangerous enemy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... Free French Forces under review during the Battle of Normandy. ... Categories: France geography stubs | Communes of Ille-et-Vilaine ... During World War II, Operation Defoe was a reconnaissance patrol by 21 men of the Special Air Service conducted from 19 July to 23 August to support the British Second Army in the Argentan area of Normandy Categories: Stub | Battle of Normandy ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... It has been suggested that SAS Troops be merged into this article or section. ... During World War II, Operation Detroit was the glider insertion of the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division into Normandy on the night of 6 June 1944 as part of Operation Overlord. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... During World War II, Operation Dingson was a large operation conducted by about 160 French paratroops (4 SAS) who jumped into Nazi-occupied France near Vannes on the night of 5 June 1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... Free French Forces under review during the Battle of Normandy. ... Combatants Allied Powers Nazi Germany Commanders Lieutenant General Richard OConnor SS General Paul Hausser Strength 1 armoured division 3 infantry divisions 1 armoured brigade 2 SS Panzer Divisions 5 Panzer battlegroups Casualties British VIII Corps 4,020 12th SS Panzer Regiment 324 25th SS Panzer-Grenadier Regiment 383 26th... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Caen is a commune of northwestern France. ... Operation Goodwood was an Allied military operation of World War II from July 18 to 20 July 1944 taking place in Normandy some weeks following D-Day. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During World War II, Operation Atlantic (Allies, 1944) was a Canadian offensive, part of the British great breakout tentative (Operation Goodwood) during the Battle of Normandy, on June 19th. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... History records two military operations called Pomegranate, both during World War II. An attack by the British Thirtieth Corps launched on 16 July 1944 to capture jumping-off points for Operation Goodwood. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... There were 3 operations called Jupiter during World War 2: in 1942, a proposal to invade Norway in 1942, a failed Soviet offensive against the Rzhev salient in 1944, an attack to capture Hill 112, a prominent height in Normandy This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Caen is a commune of northwestern France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... The Seine (pronounced in French) is a major river of north-western France, and one of its commercial waterways. ... During World War II, Operation Lüttich was a counterattack launched by German forces on the left flank of the Allied lodgment at Normandy beginning on 7 August 1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Mortain is a small town and commune in the Manche département, France. ... A Mulberry harbour was a type of temporary harbour developed in World War II to offload cargo on a beach during the Allied invasion of Normandy. ... Operation Neptune refers to the landing phase of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Normandy. ... The Channel Islands are a group of islands off the coast of Normandy, France, in the English Channel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Kiel Canal (in German Nord-Ostsee-Kanal, formerly Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal) is a 98 kilometre long waterway linking the North Sea at Brunsbüttel, Germany to the Baltic Sea at Kiel-Holtenau, Germany. ... During World War II Operation Gambit was a part of Operation Neptune, the landing phase of the invasion of northern France (Overlord). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The X class was a World War II midget submarine class built for the Royal Navy during 1943–44. ... During World War II, Operation Maple was naval mine sweeping operation in support of the invasion of northern France (Operation Overlord). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Operation Pluto (Pipe-Lines Under The Ocean) was a World War II operation by British scientists, oil companies and armed forces to construct undersea oil pipelines under the English Channel between England and France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The X class was a World War II midget submarine class built for the Royal Navy during 1943–44. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The X class was a World War II midget submarine class built for the Royal Navy during 1943–44. ... During World War II, Operation Spring (Allies, 1944) enabled to secure territory gains around Caen and its surroundings during the Battle of Normandy, after Operation Goodwood. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Caen is a commune of northwestern France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was a United States intelligence agency formed during World War II. It was the wartime (but not direct) precursor to the Central Intelligence Agency. ... The exercise involved travelling through Lyme Bay to Slapton Sands Sherman DD tank at the memorial A plaque at the memorial, commemorating those who perished Exercise Tiger (also called Operation Tiger) was the code name for an eight-day practice run for the Utah Beach landings of the D-Day... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... Slapton is a village in Devon, England, between Kingsbridge and Dartmouth. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Orne is a département in the northwest of France named after the Orne River. ... During World War II, Operation Totalize (Allies, 1944) was a ground attack on 7 August 1944 by British, Canadian and Polish forces to breakout from the Normandy beachhead along the Caen-Falaise road. ... Mont Saint-Michel, one of the famous symbols of Normandy. ... Operation Tractable was a military operation commanded by the 2nd Canadian Corps in Normandy in August 1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... During World War II, Operation Totalize (Allies, 1944) was a ground attack on 7 August 1944 by British, Canadian and Polish forces to breakout from the Normandy beachhead along the Caen-Falaise road. ... During World War II, the Falaise pocket (also known as the Chambois pocket, Chambois-Montcormel pocket, Falaise-Chambois pocket and in French: Poche de Falaise) was the area between the four cities of Trun-Argentan-Vimoutiers-Chambois near Falaise, France, in which Allied forces tried to encircle and destroy the... There have been two military efforts codenamed Pegasus, one in 1944 and the other in 1968. ... Combatants United Kingdom United States Poland Germany Commanders Bernard Montgomery Gerd von Rundstedt Strength XXX Corps, 35,000 airborne 20,000 Casualties 17,000 casualties 8,000 casualties Operation Market Garden (September 17-September 25, 1944) was an Allied military operation in World War II. Its tactical objectives were to... Combatants United States Germany Commanders Courtney Hodges Walther Model Strength 120,000 unknown Casualties 33,000 dead and wounded 12,000 dead - number of wounded and captured not exactly known The Battle of Hurtgen Forest (German: Schlacht im Hürtgenwald) is the name given to the series of fierce battles... Battle of Hurtgen Forest (German: Schlacht im Hürtgenwald) is name given to series of fierce battles fought between the Americans and the Germans during World War II in the Hürtgen forest (or Huertgen forest), afterwards known to both Americans and Germans simply as the Huertgenwald (Hürtgenwald). ... Aachen, Dutch Aken, French Aix-la-Chapelle, Spanish Aquisgrán, Latin Aquisgranum, Ripuarian Oche) is a spa city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, on the border with Belgium and the Netherlands, 65 km to the west of Cologne, and the westernmost city in Germany. ... Combatants Canada United Kingdom Poland Belgium Norway Germany Commanders Guy Simonds (acting) (First Canadian Army) Gustav-Adolf von Zangen (German 15th Army) Strength  ?  ? Casualties 12,873 total; including 6,367 Canadian  ? The Battle of the Scheldt was a series of military operations which took place in northern Belgium and south... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... The Breskens Pocket was a pocket of fortified German resistance against the 1st. ... Combatants Canada United Kingdom Poland Belgium Norway Germany Commanders Guy Simonds (acting) (First Canadian Army) Gustav-Adolf von Zangen (German 15th Army) Strength  ?  ? Casualties 12,873 total; including 6,367 Canadian  ? The Battle of the Scheldt was a series of military operations which took place in northern Belgium and south... Combatants Canada United Kingdom Poland Belgium Norway Germany Commanders Guy Simonds (acting) (First Canadian Army) Gustav-Adolf von Zangen (German 15th Army) Strength  ?  ? Casualties 12,873 total; including 6,367 Canadian  ? The Battle of the Scheldt was a series of military operations which took place in northern Belgium and south... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... The Scheldt delta, including Zuid-Beveland (2) Zuid-Beveland is a part of the province of Zeeland in the Netherlands north of the Westerschelde and south of the Oosterschelde. ... Combatants Canada United Kingdom Poland Belgium Norway Germany Commanders Guy Simonds (acting) (First Canadian Army) Gustav-Adolf von Zangen (German 15th Army) Strength  ?  ? Casualties 12,873 total; including 6,367 Canadian  ? The Battle of the Scheldt was a series of military operations which took place in northern Belgium and south... Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge Combatants United States United Kingdom Germany Commanders Dwight Eisenhower George Patton Bernard Montgomery Walther Model Gerd von Rundstedt Strength Dec 16 - start of the Battle: about 83,000 men; 242 Sherman tanks, 182 tank destroyers, and... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge Combatants United States United Kingdom Germany Commanders Dwight Eisenhower George Patton Bernard Montgomery Walther Model Gerd von Rundstedt Strength Dec 16 - start of the Battle: about 83,000 men; 242 Sherman tanks, 182 tank destroyers, and... Operation Greif was a special operation commanded by the notorious Waffen-SS commando Otto Skorzeny during the Battle of the Bulge. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge Combatants United States United Kingdom Germany Commanders Dwight Eisenhower George Patton Bernard Montgomery Walther Model Gerd von Rundstedt Strength Dec 16 - start of the Battle: about 83,000 men; 242 Sherman tanks, 182 tank destroyers, and... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge Combatants United States United Kingdom Germany Commanders Dwight Eisenhower George Patton Bernard Montgomery Walther Model Gerd von Rundstedt Strength Dec 16 - start of the Battle: about 83,000 men; 242 Sherman tanks, 182 tank destroyers, and...

1945

During World War II, Operation Amherst was a British airborne attack designed to capture intact Dutch canals, bridges and airfields. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Combatants Britain, Canada Germany Commanders Lt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The British Second Army was extant in both World Wars. ... Operation Bodenplatte, launched on 1st January 1945, was an attempt to cripple Allied air forces in the Low Countries of Europe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Goldflake was the administrative move of I Canadian Corps (in essence, all Canadian combatant units) from Italy to North-West Europe during the Second World War. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... North-West Europe is not a well defined term. ... The Canadian First Army was the overall command for the Canadian military forces in Europe during World War II. It was formed in early 1942 to command two corps composed of the three infantry divisions, two armoured divisions, and two armoured brigades that had assembled in England. ... Operation Grenade was the plan for The US Ninth Army to cross the Roer (Rur) river in February 1945. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... The US Ninth Army was one of the main US combat commands used during the campaign in northwest Europe in 1944 and 1945. ... Rur (-German, in Dutch: Roer, not to be confused with the Ruhr) is a river in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands. ... Operation Veritable was the northern part of the Second World War pincer movement by Field Marshall Bernard Montgomerys 21st Army Group to clear the land between the Rhine and Roer rivers. ... Operation Nordwind (North Wind) was an attack conducted by the German Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS during January 1945 in Alsace and Lorraine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Location Administration Capital Strasbourg Regional President Adrien Zeller (UMP) (since 1996) Départements Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... During World War II, Operation Plunder was the crossing of the Rhine river at Rees, Wesel and south of the Lippe Canal by the British Second Army, under Lieutenant-General Miles C Dempsey, and the US Ninth Army, under Lieutenant-General William H Simpson. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... (Redirected from 21st Army Group) The British 21st Army Group was an important Allied force in the European Theatre of World War II. Commanded by Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery it initially controlled all ground forces in Operation Overlord. ... During World War II, Operation Archway was a large armed reconnaissance effort launched on 25 March 1945 by about 450 British Special Air Service troopers in support of the Operation Plunder crossing of the Rhine near Wessel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... It has been suggested that SAS Troops be merged into this article or section. ... During World War II, Operation Plunder was the crossing of the Rhine river at Rees, Wesel and south of the Lippe Canal by the British Second Army, under Lieutenant-General Miles C Dempsey, and the US Ninth Army, under Lieutenant-General William H Simpson. ... Operation Varsity was an airborne operation towards the end of World War II, intended to gain a foothold across the River Rhine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... During World War II, Operation Plunder was the crossing of the Rhine river at Rees, Wesel and south of the Lippe Canal by the British Second Army, under Lieutenant-General Miles C Dempsey, and the US Ninth Army, under Lieutenant-General William H Simpson. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Battle of the Reichswald was the action by the Canadian First Army to clear the west bank of the Rhine River, prior to the crossings of World War II. It formed phase one of the Allied campaign in the Rhineland. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... The First Canadian Army was the senior Canadian operational formation in Europe during the Second World War. ... Rur (-German, in Dutch: Roer, not to be confused with the Ruhr) is a river in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands. ... Operation Grenade was the plan for The US Ninth Army to cross the Roer (Rur) river in February 1945. ... Battle of the Reichswald was the action by the Canadian First Army to clear the west bank of the Rhine River, prior to the crossings of World War II. It formed phase one of the Allied campaign in the Rhineland. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... The First Canadian Army was the senior Canadian operational formation in Europe during the Second World War. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (Dutch Rijn, French Rhin, German Rhein, Italian: Reno, Romansch: Rein, ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ...

Diplomatic

The Arcadia Conference (ARCADIA was the code name used for the conference), held in Washington, D.C. was a World War II strategic meeting from December 22, 1941 to January 14, 1942 between the heads of government of the United Kingdom and the United States. ... The Washington Naval Conference was a diplomatic conference held in Washington, D.C. from November 1921 to February 1922. ... FDR may refer to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt - The 32nd President of the United States, Flight data recorder - device used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents (usually called black boxes by the news media). ... This article is becoming very long. ... The Yalta Conference, sometimes called the Crimea Conference and codenamed the Argonaut Conference, was the wartime meeting from February 4, 1945 to February 11, 1945 between the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union — Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin, respectively. ... FDR may refer to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt - The 32nd President of the United States, Flight data recorder - device used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents (usually called black boxes by the news media). ... This article is becoming very long. ... The Yalta Conference, sometimes called the Crimea Conference and codenamed the Argonaut Conference, was the wartime meeting from February 4, 1945 to February 11, 1945 between the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union — Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin, respectively. ... The Yalta Conference, sometimes called the Crimea Conference and codenamed the Argonaut Conference, was the wartime meeting from February 4, 1945 to February 11, 1945 between the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union — Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin, respectively. ... FDR may refer to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt - The 32nd President of the United States, Flight data recorder - device used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents (usually called black boxes by the news media). ... Stalin redirects here. ... This article is becoming very long. ... From left to right, Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill The Tehran Conference (codename SEXTANT) was the meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill between November 28 and December 1, 1943 that took place in Tehran, Iran. ... FDR may refer to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt - The 32nd President of the United States, Flight data recorder - device used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents (usually called black boxes by the news media). ... This article is becoming very long. ... Stalin redirects here. ... Tehran (IPA: ; Persian: تهران, also transliterated as Teheran or Tehrān), population (as of 2005) 7,314,000 (metropolitan: 12,151,000), and a land area of 658 square kilometers, is the capital city of Iran (Persia) and the center of Tehran Province. ... The Second Quebec Conference (codenamed OCTAGON) was a high level military conference held during World War II between the British and United States governments. ... FDR may refer to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt - The 32nd President of the United States, Flight data recorder - device used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents (usually called black boxes by the news media). ... This article is becoming very long. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor Linné) Tree Yellow Birch Bird Snowy Owl Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of... The Morgenthau Plan showing the planned partitioning of Germany into a North State, a South State, and an International zone. ... Left to right: Athlone, Roosevelot, Churchill, and King The Quebec Conference (codenamed QUADRANT) was a high level military conference held during World War II between the British and United States governments. ... FDR may refer to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt - The 32nd President of the United States, Flight data recorder - device used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents (usually called black boxes by the news media). ... This article is becoming very long. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor Linné) Tree Yellow Birch Bird Snowy Owl Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of... Churchill meets FDR aboard USS Augusta at their 1941 secret meeting at Argentia, Newfoundland. ... FDR may refer to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt - The 32nd President of the United States, Flight data recorder - device used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents (usually called black boxes by the news media). ... This article is becoming very long. ... Placentia Bay and the Avalon Peninsula Placentia Bay is a body of water on the southeast coast of Newfoundland, Canada. ... Newfoundland —   (stress on final syllable; for mispronunciations, see Newfoundland travel guide from Wikitravel)— (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Chiang, Roosevelt, and Churchill in Cairo, 11/25/1943 The Cairo Conference of November 22-26, 1943, held in Cairo, Egypt, addressed the Allied position against Japan during World War II and made decisions about postwar Asia. ... FDR may refer to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt - The 32nd President of the United States, Flight data recorder - device used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents (usually called black boxes by the news media). ... This article is becoming very long. ... Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was a Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) after the 1925 death of Sun Yat-sen. ... Cairos location in Egypt Coordinates: Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area    - City 210 km²  - Metro 1,492 km² Population    - City (2005) 7,438,376  - Density 35,420/km²  - Urban 10,834,495  - Metro 15,200,000 Time zone EET (UTC+2) EEST (UTC+3) Cairo (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), It comes... A sextant is a measuring instrument generally used to measure the angle of elevation of a celestial object above the horizon. ... FDR may refer to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt - The 32nd President of the United States, Flight data recorder - device used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents (usually called black boxes by the news media). ... This article is becoming very long. ... Mustafa Ä°smet Ä°nönü (1884 - December 25, 1973) was a Turkish soldier, statesman and the second President of Turkey. ... Cairos location in Egypt Coordinates: Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area    - City 210 km²  - Metro 1,492 km² Population    - City (2005) 7,438,376  - Density 35,420/km²  - Urban 10,834,495  - Metro 15,200,000 Time zone EET (UTC+2) EEST (UTC+3) Cairo (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), It comes... FDR may refer to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt - The 32nd President of the United States, Flight data recorder - device used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents (usually called black boxes by the news media). ... This article is becoming very long. ... Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle ( ) (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970), in France commonly referred to as Général de Gaulle, was a French military leader and statesman. ... Mosquée Hassan II à Casablanca Satellite image of Casablanca Casablanca (Spanish for white house ; Standard Arabic: الدار البيضاء transliterated ; Moroccan Arabic: dar beïda) is a city in western Morocco, located on the Atlantic Ocean. ... Clement Atlee, Harry Truman, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945 The Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945. ... FDR may refer to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt - The 32nd President of the United States, Flight data recorder - device used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents (usually called black boxes by the news media). ... This article is becoming very long. ... Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, KG, OM, CH, FRS, PC (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from 1945 to 1951. ... Stalin redirects here. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the state of Brandenburg in Germany. ... The Washington Naval Conference was a diplomatic conference held in Washington, D.C. from November 1921 to February 1922. ... FDR may refer to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt - The 32nd President of the United States, Flight data recorder - device used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents (usually called black boxes by the news media). ... This article is becoming very long. ...

Technology

  • Most III (1944) — transfer of captured V-2 components from occupied Poland to Britain
  • Alsos (1940–1945) — Allied efforts to gather information about German nuclear fission developments
  • Aphrodite (1944) The use of B-17 bombers as radio-controlled missiles.
  • Backfire (1945) — British launches of captured V-2 rockets
  • Beethoven (1941–1945) — German programme to develop composite aircraft (Mistel)
  • Hawkeye (1944) — US Naval radar research
  • Lusty (1945) — US actions to capture German scientific documents, facilities and aircraft
  • Magic — US operation to break Japanese codes
  • Manhattan Project (1941–1945) — American program to build an atomic bomb
  • Prüfstand XII (194?) — German programme to develop submarine launched V-2
  • Paperclip (1945) — part-military, part-scientific operation to scoop up Nazi scientists, engineers, experiments, prototypes, data, etc., after WWII
  • Ultra — Intelligence gained by the British from cracking German Enigma coded messages.

It has been suggested that Home Army and V1 and V2 be merged into this article or section. ... The A4 (Aggregat 4) alias V-2 rocket or Vergeltungswaffe 2 (Reprisal weapon 2) was an early ballistic missile used by the German Army against mostly Belgian and British targets during the later stages of World War II. The V2 rocket became the first man-made object launched into space... Alsos was an effort at the end of World War II by the Allies (principally Britain and the United States), branched off from the Manhattan Project, to investigate the German nuclear energy project, seize German nuclear resources, materials and personnel to further American research and to prevent their capture by... Operation Big was a part of the overarching Allied effort (called Operation Alsos) to capture German nuclear secrets during the final days of World War II. In this portion of the operation, nuclear intelligence teams moved quickly from Freudenstadt through Horb to Haigerloch in southwest Germany. ... Core of a small nuclear reactor used for research. ... Haigerloch is a town in the north-western part of the Swabian Alb in Germany. ... During the final days of World War II, Operation Harborage was part of the overall Allied operation to capture German atomic weapons scientists, material and facilities (dubbed Operation Alsos). ... Opération Aphrodite is a French science fiction novel written by Henri René Guieu, under the pseudonym Jimmy Guieu. ... The American Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress was the first mass-produced, four-engine heavy bomber. ... Operation Backfire was a military scientific operation during and after World War II, which was performed mainly by British staff. ... The A4 (Aggregat 4) alias V-2 rocket or Vergeltungswaffe 2 (Reprisal weapon 2) was an early ballistic missile used by the German Army against mostly Belgian and British targets during the later stages of World War II. The V2 rocket became the first man-made object launched into space... Mistel (Ger. ... Mistel (Ger. ... The history of radar began in the 1900s when engineers invented reflection devices. ... Shortly after World War II, Operation Lusty was the evaluation of German Air Force experimental aircraft by the United States. ... In World War II, Magic was the United States codename for intelligence derived from the cryptanalysis of PURPLE, a Japanese foreign office cipher. ... The Manhattan Project resulted in the development of the first nuclear weapons, and the first-ever nuclear detonation, at the Trinity test of July 16, 1945. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... The A4 (Aggregat 4) alias V-2 rocket or Vergeltungswaffe 2 (Reprisal weapon 2) was an early ballistic missile used by the German Army against mostly Belgian and British targets during the later stages of World War II. The V2 rocket became the first man-made object launched into space... Operation Paperclip scientists pose together. ... Ultra (sometimes capitalized ULTRA) was the name used by the British for intelligence resulting from decryption of German communications in World War II. The term eventually became the standard designation in both Britain and the United States for all intelligence from high-level cryptanalytic sources. ... The plugboard, keyboard, lamps and finger-wheels of the rotors emerging from the inner lid of a three-rotor German military Enigma machine (version with labels) For other uses, see Enigma. ...

Special Operations Executive (SOE)

  • Aeneas (1944) — Belgium
  • Arboretum (1944) — Belgium, agents executed, few details of exact mission.
  • Aemilius (1944) — Belgium, 3 August 1944, field name Lucie, Rockfort-Marche region.
  • Agamemnon (1944) — Belgium, January/February 1944, field name Suzanne, Tournai, liaison mission with Cufflinks mission, captured.
  • Agrippa (1944) — Belgium, 5 March 1944, field name Brooch, W/T mission.
  • Aileron (1944) — Italy, brief report only available in the files of an agent sent to Siena in March 1944, purpose unclear.
  • Alarbus (1944) — Belgium, 3 June 1944, field name Locket, Ciney/Marche region.
  • Alcibiades (1944) — Belgium, 5 August 1944, field name Ida, Hal/Nivelle region, provision of instruction in sabotage.
  • Almouth (1944) — Italy, February 1944, plans for blowing up of railway bridge over the Taro; the relevant file provides few clues to outcome.
  • Aloes (1944) — France, 1944, code name for resistance headquarters, Brittany, W/T communications to five departments of Brittany.
  • Alsation (1943) — Belgium 21-22 April 1943, Briquet. Mission members killed on impact. Aimed at encouragement of resistance in industry.
  • Ampthill (1944) — Italy, March 1944, rail sabotage at Pedaso.
  • Antenor (1944) — Belgium, field name Tiepin, Gemblaux.
  • Apemantus (1944) — Belgium, February/March field name Monique, Beauriang region, liaison with resistance groups.
  • Armada (1943) — France, November sabotage of Le Creusot electricity power, also transformer stations and fuel depots.
  • Armadillo (1944) — Belgium, 6 August field name Gavotte, Ardennes region.
  • Artichoke (1942) — Holland, June to destroy VLF stations at Kootwyk, the communications centre for U Boats in North Sea. An agent was to be exfiltrated, but the file provides no further details.
  • Association (1941-1942) — Belgium, infiltration of agent to Belgium through Lisbon; paid off after attempt at usage .
  • Atlow (1944) — Italy, April sabotage against railways in the Siena area, Asciano.
  • Aufidius (1944) — Belgium, 1 April filed name Colette, Ciney Marche, liaison mission with chief of zone IV, for organisation of zone, instruction in arms and explosives.
  • Autogyro (1941) — Belgium, few details in files, mission cancelled after several failures.
  • Baboon (1942) — Belgium, 17 November PID mission to encourage peasant resistance.
  • Badger (1943) — Belgium, February Liege region, reception committees, communication with Secret Army; agent deemed ‘irresponsible’.
  • Balaklava (1941) — Belgium, September-October W/T support to Outcaste at Neufchâteau, discovered by Germans.
  • Balloonet (1944-1945) — Italy , political and military mission to the east Tyrol and VIOLET south-west Carinthia.
  • Balthazar (1942-1944) — Belgium, , field name Louse, aimed at paralysis of river traffic in Hainault region, later expanded to cutting of railway routes and destruction of communications in preparation for D-Day, working to Nelly.
  • Bandon (?) — The files include a report on the HQ in Turin and the liberation of the city.
  • Bandon VII (1945) — Italy, continued political and military liaison mission in Turin. Appears to have had the task of facilitating supplies by safeguarding Rivoli airport.
  • Bassianus (1944) — Belgium, May field name Violette, to work to Nelly, sabotage instruction, including derailment of trains.
  • Bergenfield (1944-1945) — Italy, political and military liaison mission to the TABELLA partisans, Udine area.
  • Bernardo (1944) — Belgium, 4-5 July Brussels region, messenger to chief of Secret Army, field name Nina.
  • Bianca (1944) — Belgium, 28-29 June field name Diane, sabotage instruction.
  • Blundell (1944-1945) — Italy, general name used to denote the various liaison missions to the Italian partisans in the north, .
  • Blundell (1944) — Italy, political and military liaison mission to VIOLET Piacenza partisans, working in La Spezia region. The relevant files contain reports by leaders Captain T D Gregg and Major Lett.
  • Borzoi (1943) — Belgium, 20 December 1942, Brussels and Tournai, to extend Flemish clandestine press, reception committees; agents escapes to Geneva, March .
  • Boykin (1945) — Italy, plan for kidnapping of suspected double agents who were thought to be compromising the north Italian resistance. Although successful when carried out in February: interrogation of the agents later suggested that the suspicions were unfounded.
  • Brabantio (1944) — Belgium, July or August filed name Odette, principal delegate to occupied territory for organisation of sabotage.
  • Braddock I (1944) — Germany, dropping of incendiary devices by air for possible use by prisoners of war in an uprising.
  • Broadbean (1943) — Holland, February to collect mail from resistance groups in northern Holland and arrange transportation.
  • Buckhound (1943) — Belgium, W/T support, Military Zone IV, Brussels.
  • Bullfrog (1943) — Belgium, May contacts with Secret Army and organisation of GOFER reception committees.
  • Caius (1944) — Belgium, August field name Stephanie, sabotage instruction to Huguette, Brussels and Liege region, captured, escaped.
  • Calf (1943) — Belgium, January aimed at the creation of links to secret army, Hainault, but a possible security breach.
  • Calpurnia (1944) — Belgium, July-August field name Courante, W/T support to Huguette group, Hainault region.
  • Calvados (1943) — Germany, attempt to start a sabotage organisation in Hamburg and Bremen, using a German deserter, Kurt Koenig.
  • Canidus (1944) — Belgium, June W/T to Delphine mission.
  • Canticle (1942) — Belgium, March with Duncan, Mastiff, Incomparable; courier, and W/T support arrested; later agents reported to have been beheaded.
  • Caphis (1944) — Belgium, January field name Herminie, probably a stage mission, captured.
  • Carical (1942-44) — Belgium, PID mission, based in Liege, Charleroi, Brussels, to destroy records of the Office National de Travail to undermine the use of skilled labour by the German occupiers.
  • Casement (1944) — A deception plan aimed at creating the belief that Germans were fleeing to Éire or Argentina to form a free German government. Suggested by the Spanish section during it did not go ahead through the lack of evidence of the Spanish escape connection considered necessary for its success.
  • Cato (1944) — Belgium, July field name Celeste, to provide a messenger link for communications from the Minister of Finance.
  • Cawdor (1944) — Belgium, February-March field name Roland, accompanied by Necklace, to provide a courier service.
  • Cayote (1942) — Belgium, (?) May for organisation of motor sabotage, Brussels, accompanied by W/T mission Duncan.
  • Celeste (1944) — Belgium, July carrying messages from the Belgian Minister of Finance.
  • Cherokee (1944-45) — Italy, political and military liaison mission to partisans in ANTI-SCORCH northern Piedmont.
  • Chicken (1941) — Belgium, August field name Tante Caro, creation of organisation based on passive resistance and sabotage in the Antwerp area.
  • Chiron (1944) — Belgium, April field name Sash, W/T mission; arrested.
  • Cimber (1944) — Belgium, August field name Yvonne, transmission of microfilmed messages.
  • Cisco (1945) — Italy, political and military liaison mission, Modena-Reggio, aiming to create a secure base on the northern Apennine mountains.
  • Citronelle (1944) — France, to assess Maquis Strength, Ardennes region.
  • Civet (1942-44) — Belgium, also known as mission Stanley, report on strength of secret armies at request of Pierlot.
  • Claribel (1941) — Belgium, March preparations for possible use of Belgium by enemy forces as a springboard for the invasion of Britain.
  • Claudius (1943) — Belgium, July to contact resistance groups - FIL, MNB, Group G, and offer financial support.
  • Clowder (1943-45) — Austria, establishment of an advance post to make contacts in central and eastern Europe, exploiting resistance movements, and looking especially to work in Austria and Germany.
  • Coal/Turtle (1943) — Belgium, January abortive mission to steal German fighter aircraft, Brussels.
  • Codford (?) — Name for all operations designed to prevent enemy states from seizing assets of neutral foreign countries.
  • Colan (1945) — Germany, sabotage of railway between Stuttgart and Heilbronn, reports of success by agents.
  • Collie (1942) — Belgium, March mission for SOE and Belgian Surété, to contact resistance, organise reception committees; exfiltration of leader of Legion Belge, but caused a subsequent quarrel between SOE and the Belgian government in exile over interrogation of leader of Legion Belge.
  • Collossus (1941) — Italy, February Landing of sabotage of bridges.
  • Cominius (1944) — Belgium, March-April field name Mitten, Huy, Ardennes region, W/T mission.
  • Conjugal (1941) — Belgium, September to organise sabotage and contacts, but captured.
  • Coolant (1944-45) — Italy, political and military liaison mission to the partisans COOLANT BLUE north east of Udine.
  • Cordelet (1943-44) — Belgium, mission to social and democratic trade unionists, to encourage resistance, and organise a go-slow of Belgian workers in Germany.
  • Coriolanus (1944) — Belgium, April-May field name Handbag, W/T mission.
  • Corona (1944) (1944-45) — Italy, political and military liaison mission, Piedmont.
  • Crowd (1945) — Austria, 16 March investigation of general conditions of the underground socialist movement in the Sudetenland; fate unknown but thought to have been captured.
  • Curling (1944) — Holland, W/T mission to chief operator.
  • Danbury (1945) — Austria, 13 August sabotage of enemy lines of communication in Drau valley, based at Klagenfurt; eventually returned to Bari.
  • Daranus (1944) — Belgium, April field name Agnes, investigation of Tybalt/ Claudius mission, information gathering on the efficiency of various groups, re-evaluation of sabotage missions.
  • Defiance (1942-43) — Spain, attempt to build up ‘traditionalist’, probably Catalan, support in the Barcelona area.
  • Denver (1944) — Austria, 8 May contact with resistance groups in Sudetenland and establishment of communications. All agents lost through betrayal.
  • Dicing (1945) — Holland, (?) April Jedburgh team to represent special forces and act as liaison between resistance and paratroops in the Assen, Meffel and Coevorden area.
  • Dingo(1943) (1943-44) — Belgium, PID mission, to stimulate slow down in production in the industrial areas of Charleroi, possible security breaches by agent.
  • Dolabella (1944) — Belgium, July/August field name Ursule, work in organising reception committees with Simone.
  • Donaldbain (1944) — Belgium, August field name Foxtrot, W/T mission accompanying Odette mission.
  • Donum (1944-45) — Italy, political and military liaison mission in east Piedmont.
  • Downend (1944) — Germany, agent sent to create a sabotage organisation in the Ruhr and Frankfurt area, based on a nucleus of contacts with the ISK.
  • Draughts (1945) — Holland, January W/T mission, north Holland.
  • Backgammon/Draughts (1944) — Holland organising mission, .
  • Bezique/Dressmaker (1943) — France, sabotage of tanneries at Graulhet (Pau-Toulouse) and Mazamet (Carcassone); unsuccessful.
  • Drybrook (1945) — Austria, 13 August establishment of W/T links in east Tyrol; dropped in error to Germany and returned to UK.
  • Duncan (1942) — Belgium, October attempted infiltration of agent to Belgium via Portugal through a staged desertion; contact eventually lost.
  • Duncery (1945) — Austria, 24 April preservation of Zeltweg Aerodrome for the Allies, in the event unnecessary through work of local anti-Nazi groups.
  • Duval (1945) — Austria, 16 February to contact underground organisation in Salzburg and assist in sabotage; party captured.
  • Ebensburg (1945) — Austria, 8 February organisation of local sabotage with Maquis; capture of Bad Aussee four days before US arrival.
  • Echalotte (1944) — France, wireless bases in Moselle and Vosges area to augment existing radio circuits and to provide information to London from rear of German line.
  • Electra (1945) — Austria, 23 March to contact the underground socialist movement, Vienna; W/T contact never established.
  • Emelia (1944) — Belgium, August Mrs Olga Jackson, field name Babette, independent propaganda mission for undermining of morale in Brussels, Ghent, Liege, Antwerp, Charleroi; organisation of prostitution circuit aimed at German officers.
  • Enorbarbus (1944) — Belgium, field name Polka, W/T support to Constantine mission.
  • Envelope (1945) — Italy Reggio Emilia region, political and military liaison BLUE (TOFFEE) mission.
  • Eros (1944) — Belgium, August field name Reel, W/T support.
  • Eucalyptus (1944) — France, derived from Union, liaison mission, Vercors.
  • Euphronius (1944) — Belgium, May field name Arlette, sabotage instruction to Nelly in field, region Bierene.
  • Evansville (1945) — Austria, 7 February support to movement in Graz, and arrangement for agents in Italy; believed killed and underground organisation crushed.
  • Evaporate (1945) — taly, political and military liaison mission to Modena.
  • Falaise (1941) — Tangier, -42, destruction of an enemy wireless station used for providing locations of Allied submarines in the Straits.
  • Ferret (1942) — Belgium, plan to evacuate seven agents from Belgium, including Arboretum, presumed captured by Germans.
  • Ferret(1944) — Italy, June to land three A Force agents north of Bonassola on the Ligurian coast and attempt a meeting with an existing Ferret party.
  • Ferrula (1944) — Italy, -45, Val d’Aosta, political and military liaison mission.
  • Flaminius (1944) — Belgium, October 1943, field name Jacqueline, arrested mid-
  • Flap/Fin (1944) — Italy, 1945, political and military liaison mission to southern Piedmont, dispatched August. Also appears to be known as Temple mission.
  • Flavius (1943) — Belgium, -44, field name Bib Red, W/T mission.
  • Fleckney (1944) — Germany, -45, establishment of an organiser for sabotage in Breslau region.
  • Floodlight (1944) — Italy, -45, political and military liaison mission consisting of Major W O Churchill, to act as British Liaison Officer to General Cadorna at the request of the CLNAI in northern Italy.
  • Fordwick (1944) — Germany, establishment of a line for agents and information between Germany and Denmark.
  • Fortinbras (1943) — Belgium, field name Bracelet, little detail of mission provided in relevant files.
  • Foxley (1944-45) — Germany, plan to assassinate Hitler pressed by SOE and supported by Duff Cooper. A full implementation and intelligence report was drawn up but was not taken forward - Hitler’s military strategy and decisions favoured the Allies and there was no desire to create a martyr cult. However, plans to deal was Hitler’s subordinates, including Goebbels, found favour but were not implemented (Operation Little Foxleys).
  • Frilford (1944) — Germany, -45, to sabotage railway track from Hintshingen to Oberlauchringen; reports from agents on success.
  • Gambling (1945) — Holland, Jedburgh team to Veluwe region.
  • Gela Blue (1944) — Italy, -45, political and military liaison mission to partisans in Vittorio Veneto.
  • Genesse (1945) — Italy, military and political liaison mission to Oltre-Po, Pavese and partisans of Ligurian zone.
  • Gibbon (1942) (1942) — Belgium, -44, PWE mission, organisation of carrier pigeon communication systems.
  • Glamis (1944) — Belgium, April field name Josephine, Huy, Andenne region, adjunct to Hotton sabotage group.
  • Gratiano (1944) — Belgium, January, field name Ping Pong, W/T operator for Samoyede II, based Brussels.
  • Greenleaves (1945) — Austria, 2 April group based at Klagenfurt; dropped successfully but documents and photos captured; evacuated to Bari.
  • Greyhound (1942) — Belgium, -45, organisation of escape routes through France to Spain (also known as WOODCHUCK and ANTOINE).
  • Griffon (1943) — Belgium, February field name Genon, sent in with W/T mission Badger to Huy region; 2ième Bureau agent sent to liaise with secret armies, eventually captured and sent to Dachau.
  • Guineapig (1943) — Belgium, October field name Wig, with Flaminius, arrested.
  • Gypsy (1942) — Belgium, September 1941, to organise reception committees, VERMILLION courier routes, arrested (?) May .
  • Hail (1944) — Italy, date uncertain. Few papers are provided on this file, but the mission appears to have been led by Petrucci, shot by the SS in March .
  • Hamster (1945) — Austria, 21 April arming of small resistance groups for attacks on road and rail transport; reported working in Klagenfurt.
  • Hangman (1942) — France, sabotage of pylons; training for the operation took place, but no indications are available from the file that the operation took place.
  • Hapale (1945) — Italy, political and military liaison mission to the partisans, southern Piedmont; signals investigation mission.
  • Hapeville (1945) — Italy probably little detail on the file, but likely to have been a liaison mission to the partisans at Bergamasco.
  • Haras (1945) — Austria, 30 July to join Communist underground in Innsbruck, establish radio links. Unsuccessful, W/T not dropped and agent attacked.
  • Harrisburg (1945) — Italy, political and military liaison mission to partisans
  • Hecate (1944) — Belgium, (?) mid-, W/T mission to Huguette group, based in Brussels.
  • Hector (WWII) (?) — Belgium, Hector 2 captured. Otherwise little detail available in the file.
  • Helenus (1944) — Belgium, August field name Jeannine, Brussels, sabotage instructor for Nola.
  • Herring (1945) — Italy, April 1944 raid by Italian paratroops on German supply lines.
  • Herrington (1945) — Italy, political and military liaison mission, northern Lombardy, to the partisans of Bergamasco.
  • Hillcat (1943) — Belgium, August sent with Tybalt, W/T missioni to Hector group.
  • Hireling (1941) — Belgium, September arrested shortly after landing, escape, investigation by MI5.
  • Historian (1945) — Austria, 24 April attack against communication lines in Klagenfurt.
  • Hollowshoes (1942) — Spain, -45, building up of a network by Emilio Varas Canal. The group took its name from the latter’s girlfriend who proved her ability to create hollow heeled footwear.
  • Homestead (1945) — Italy, political and military liaison mission, northern Lombardy.
  • Horatio (1944) — Belgium, January 1944, field name Glove, Brussels, W/T mission for Hector II and Nelly, arrested May .
  • Hortensius (1944) — Belgium, January 1944, field name Valentine, sabotage of waterways, Wanneberg and Brussels region, arrested in April.
  • Housekeeper (1943) — France, sabotage of canal lock at Lesdains.
  • Iachimo (1944) — Belgium, field name Noemie, to contact resistance groups of MNB. No clue in files as to success.
  • Iago (1944) — Belgium, January field name Scipio, provision of counter scorch organisation in Antwerp; investigation of security of Hector organisation under recent arrests.
  • Imogen (1944) — Belgium, July/August field name Alice, courier for Odette, successful mission.
  • Incisor (1945) — Italy, political and military liaison mission to the Val d’Aosta area.
  • Incomparable (1942) — Belgium, March PID propaganda mission, to contact and obtain influence in sabotage organisation; no clue in these files as to its fate.
  • Indelible (1945) — Italy, military and political liaison mission to partisans in the COTULLA Savona province
  • Independence (1941) — Belgium, April via Gibraltar; to contact any existing organisations and assess progress, advise on needs. No clue as to outcome.
  • Insulin (1945) — Italy, March political and military liaison mission, Piacentina area.
  • Intersection (1942) — Belgium, January captured shortly afterwards, investigation on use by Germans and possible arrest of other agents.
  • Izarra (?) — Italy, proposed exfiltration of General Gustvo Pesenti.
  • Jerboa (1943) — Belgium, April Ghent, Sûreté mission, to limit industrial production, some sabotage of waterways.
  • Junius (1944) — Belgium, May/June field name Parasol, W/T mission, possibly arrested.
  • Koala (1942) — Belgium, June to stimulate a go-slow action to Beeringen coal mines to reduce output, also to prepare sabotage on railways and the Albert Canal.
  • Kuyper (1944) — Holland, October Lieutenant Dubois of Dutch army sent to organise reception committee and locate evading service personnel. Captured.
  • Labrador (1943) — Belgium, January 2ieme mission, to organise reception committees; later doubts as to security.
  • Lacquer (1941) — Belgium, September sent to liaise with Conjugal organisation.
  • Lamb (1942) — Belgium, April/May W/T mission, to the secret army.
  • Lavinia (1944) — Belgium, March/April field name Victorine, organisation mission, sabotage against river traffic and locks.
  • Lear (1943) — Belgium, August to assist Stanley mission in cooperation with the secret army.
  • Lemur (1942) — Belgium, November British officer sent to try to resolveccurrent impasse, to organise reception committees, Ghent region.
  • Lepidus (1944) — Belgium, May field name Waltz, W/T mission with Huguette, eventually captured.
  • Leyton (1944) — Italy, July to block enemy transport and communications on the coast road, Fano to Pesaro.
  • Ligarius (1944) — Belgium, June 1944, field name Margot, liaison with Delphine, sabotage training; arrested July .
  • Lodovico (1944) — Belgium, May Namur region, field name Rosalie, sabotage instruction mission.
  • Lucullus (1944) — Belgium, January field name Gauntlet, Nivelles, W/T mission.
  • Luculluss (1944) — Belgium, March field name Jeanette, shot down.
  • Lynx (1942) — Belgium, June Neufchatel area, W/T mission.
  • M 6 (1944-45) — Italy, political and military liaison mission in Biella area.
  • M 11 (1945) — Italy, political and military liaison mission, Asti and Piedmont (existed under different leadership before this date).
  • M 12/Tiber (1945) — Italy, political and military liaison mission; a sparse file suggests activity in Liguria and Genoa.
  • Macduff (1943) — Belgium, May with Ibex and Seal, to find reception committees for Civer, to act as an adjunct to mission Stanley.
  • Majordomo (1942) — Belgium, January with Mandamus, reports on arrests, including Laquer agents.
  • Mallaby/Neck (1945) — Italy, 1943 with a second mission the first W/T mission dropped by parachute to Lake Como, but was captured on landing. The agent, Richard Mallaby, also known as Olaf and Richard Tucker, provided a W/T link during the final surrender of the Axis forces in Italy after being captured during his second mission.
  • Man Friday (1942) — Belgium, January contact existing secret organisations, collect political and propaganda information.
  • Mandamus (1942) — Belgium, January to organise sabotage, passive resistance, arms dumps, possibly crashed after take-off.
  • Mandrill (1943) — Belgium, PID mission to contact Cordier mission for the demoralisation of German support, reception of propaganda, Liège, Brussels, Ghent.
  • Manelaus (1943) — Belgium, October liaison mission to chief of zone 1, field name Berthe.
  • Marcius (1943) — Belgium, February/March field name Necklace, W/T support to chief Osric; presumed arrested.
  • Mardian (1944) — Belgium, July field name Mathilde, to work with Celeste.
  • Market (1944) — Holland, September liaison missions for Arnhem operations, EDWARD, provision of W/T contacts with England during airborne operation CLAUDE, Operation Market Garden. The four Jedburgh teams were Edward, Claude, CLARENCE and Clarence and Daniel.
  • Daniel/Marmoset (1942) — Belgium, January sabotage organisation for Periwig.
  • Marmot (1942) — Belgium, September support to existing sabotage movement in Mons, Scheldt region.
  • Mastiff (1942) — Belgium, March W/T mission with Incomparable; no reports received.
  • Menas (1944) — Belgium, August field name Eugénie, to contact Samoyède II and Stentor organisation.
  • Mencrates (1944) — Belgium, April/May field name Hortense, sabotage mission to Nelly.
  • Menenius (1944) — Belgium, August field name Simone, organisation of reception committees; arrives too late to fulfil mission.
  • Messala (1944) — Belgium, June to regain direction in field of railway dislocation, replace Nelly and organise sabotage structure, field name Huguette.
  • Mink (1942) — Belgium, chief steward in Belgian merchant navy, escaping to form sabotage organisation in Anvers region and await W/T.
  • Mongoose (1942) — Belgium, June to contact secret armies, arrange reception committees; established but no reports received.
  • Montano (1944) — Belgium, March reports on group G activities, investigation of Yapok, Fabius and Hector II missions, creation of PWE structure and sabotage central Brussels.
  • Moselle (1943-45) — Italy, wireless operation, agent captured in Sardinia and AVOCAT possibly played back against SOE.
  • Mouse (1942) — Belgium, March drops unoccupied France, arrested shortly after landing.
  • Mule (1942) — Belgium, April/May Free French recruit, to organise transport and sabotage in Antwerp.
  • Musjid (1941) — Belgium, September/October contact organisations in east and west Flanders, creation of reception and sabotage organisations, organiser Aboretum, to be dispatched.
  • Newsagent (1943) — Belgium, May with W/T operator Vampire, to organise reception committees and sabotage groups in Antwerp and Limburg.
  • Nicanor (1943) — Belgium, January /February field name Therese, support to chief Belgian organisers.
  • Opinion (1941) — Belgium (?) , mission to cultivate contacts in ecclesiastical circles, including the king’s entourage.
  • Othello (1943) — Belgium, June mission to organise agricultural resistance, develop clandestine press and the encouragement of the sale of produce direct to the population, thus undermining occupation controls.
  • Outcast (1941) — Belgium, September/October to work also into Luxembourg to contact existing groups or set up new ones, plan sabotage of power stations, industrial targets.
  • Outhaul (1941) — Belgium, set for June did not take place, little information as to purpose in available file.
  • Pandarus (1944) — Belgium, March, field name Cufflinks; to supply 90,000 dollars to secret army and aid building up to wireless network.
  • Panicle (1941) — Portugal, planning for delay of any enemy advance into Portugal.
  • Patroclus (1944) — Belgium, April/May 1944, with Velutus and Publius, field name Bracelet, works to Osric, Brussels, but arrested June .
  • Patron (1944) — Belgium, 1944, proposed exfiltration of Prince Charles of Belgium, brother of the King; no progress by August .
  • Periwig (1941) — Belgium, (?) sabotage mission, captured by Gestapo (few details in the file).
  • Periwig (1944-45) — Spain, a plan for the planting of evidence on captured Germans (who would presumably be allowed to escape) which would lead to the belief that the real German underground resistance movement was being organised from Britain. There is no evidence in the file to suggest that it went ahead.
  • Philotus (1943) — Belgium, August establishment of organisation for reception and distribution of propaganda, attacks against pro-Fascists, and obstruction of work of collaborators.
  • Phrynia (1944) — Belgium, August field name Liliane, to Osric, communications, information and reconnaissance for the chief of the area.
  • Pilchard (?) — France, sabotage of Matisse works, Versailles, and BREWER Radio Paris at Allouis.
  • Platypus (1942) — Belgium, August with Man Friday, mission with Belgian Surété and PWE to influence Belgian industry towards go-slow tactics, collection of economic data; status of mission questioned by ‘C’.
  • Pointer (1943) — Belgium, July with Claudius, later W/T to Claudius, contact with escape organisations; but questions over contact with German agents.
  • Polonius (1944) — Belgium, January field name Belt, to Tybalt, north of Nivelles.
  • Pompey (?) — Spanish section plan for deception to suggest that the Allies intended to attack southern France or Greek islands.
  • Pool (1944) — Italy, May. Pool I was a landing on Elba near Capo San Andrea, with Pool II being the exfiltration of agents from the same place.
  • Potato (1944) — Italy, sabotage of the railway line from Siena to Empoli and subsidiary roads, June to July .
  • Priam (1944) — Belgium, May/June field name Hubertine, sabotage instruction mission.
  • Publius (1944) — Belgium, April/May field name Muff, W/T mission to Colette
  • Pyx (1945) — Austria, 13 June Klagenfurt to Vienna; for creation of safe houses, contact with the resistance locally, sabotage organisation; delay imposed by partisans and capture of information; eventually return of the party to Bari.
  • Rankin (?) — Codeword for planning of operation in the event of German withdrawal from occupied countries.
  • Rat/Goat (1943) — Belgium, April organisation of courier line for escapees and mail.
  • Regan (1944) — Belgium, February field name Lining, W/T mission to Scipio.
  • Relator (1941-43) — Spain, name given to the training of a party of area commanders to be used in Spain; also appear to be known as "Ali Baba and the 20 thieves". Their purpose was to delay the enemy in any advance into Spain.
  • Reproach (1941-43) — Spain, general name for attempts to build up support among Spanish ‘traditionalists’ in the event of an invasion of Spain, in the Navarre area.
  • Reynaldo (1944) — Belgium, August field name Gabrielle, to contact chief of the secret army.
  • Rhombold (1941) — Belgium, October Chevron area, W/T and sabotage.
  • Ricco (1944-45) — Italy, political and military mission to partisans; road party in the La Spezia area.
  • Roderigo (1944) — Belgium, May field name Paulette, sabotage instruction to Nelly organisation, Lessines region.
  • Rosencrantz (1944) — Belgium, September W/T mission, overtaken by Allied advance.
  • Rudder (?) — Italy, codename for telegrams received from Rome through a code specially infiltrated immediately after the armistice.
  • Ruina (1944-45) — Italy, political and military liaison mission to partisans, west Veneto. The file contains a detailed sabotage diary.
  • Rummy (1944) — Holland, to contact underground movements and report on security aspects after recent German successes against the circuits.
  • Sable (1942) — Belgium, April/May east of Blois, to establish sabotage group near Antwerp, part of mission known as ‘the Toughs’, to disorganise transport, railways, communications.
  • Sainfoin (1944) — France, September Pantarlier region, working behind enemy lines in advance of Allies.
  • Saki (1944-45) — Italy, political and military liaison mission Liguria region.
  • Samoyede (1943) — Belgium, May PID mission, for pre- and post- liberation work, jamming of German wireless installations, aim of helping Allies from D-Day in use of press, cinema and radio.
  • Savanna (1941) — and France, sabotage of Vannes aerodrome, and transformer JOSEPHINE B substation at Pessac.
  • Scullion (1943) — France, 18 April independent French mission to sabotage Les Telots shale oil refinery.
  • Seafront (1945) — Austria, 12 October establishment of safe route to Salzburg and encouragement of resistance in Salzburg; dropped to Germany by mistake.
  • Sempronius (1944) — Belgium, February/March field name Ernestine, assistance to chief of sabotage, organisation of reception of material, using business cover; no reports received from mission in surviving file.
  • Siamang (?) — Val Maria area, helping to coordinate anti-scorch measures to protect hydroelectric plants in the region.
  • Silkmerchant (1941) — Belgium, May organisation of passive resistance through liberal and social parties, eventually leading to sabotage.
  • Sling (1944) — France, attack on Paris electricity supplies by systematic destruction of pylons on three main lines; successful.
  • Socrates (1943-44) — Belgium, to organise financial aid to resistance organisations.
  • Sophie (1943) — France, June dispatch of assistant to De Gaulle’s commissaire for France.
  • Temple (1945) — Austria, 13 August establishment of contacts in frontier area; fate unknown.
  • Terrier (1942) — Belgium, March Rochefort area, W/T mission suspicions of possible use of W/T sets by the enemy.
  • Tiddleywinks (1944) — Holland, August to re-establish propaganda links, send messages to the underground press on behalf of the Queen; agent injured on landing.
  • Turdus (1944) — Italy, Lunese area, political and military liaison mission to partisans.
  • Tybalt (1942-44) — Belgium, organisational mission to contact resistance CLAUDIUS groups, secret armies and FIL, the largest sub group in Belgium, and bring these within SOE coordination.
  • Typical (1943) — The 22 May airdrop of a British delegation to Tito's headquarters.
  • Union (1944) (1944) — France, January to investigate Maquis strength, Savone region.
  • Varro (1944) — Belgium, field name Delphine, mission to investigate arrests in Tybalt organisation.
  • Vergillia (1944) — Belgium, February field name Nelly, chief sabotage organisation working to chief of staff, SOE and Belgian Sûreté, with the aim of dislocating rail and road transportation on D-Day.
  • Vivacious (1944-45) — Germany, agent (2nd Lieutenant Baker Byrne) sent to sabotage the Bruno Hintze precision engineering works in Berlin, active in the production of V2 rocket components. Not successful, but agent managed to return to Britain.
  • Warden (1941) — Spain, plan for the sabotage of eight enemy ships in Las Palmas harbour; no evidence that this was carried out.
  • Yapok (1944) — Belgium, February with Montano and Volumnia missions, field name Shoelace; arrested and escaped.

The Special Operations Executive (SOE), sometimes referred to as the Baker Street Irregulars after Sherlock Holmess fictional group of spies, was a World War II organization initiated by Winston Churchill and Hugh Dalton in July 1940 as a mechanism for conducting warfare by means other than direct military engagement. ... The cathedral of Notre Dame de Tournai Tournai (in Dutch: Doornik) is located 85 kilometers southwest of Brussels on the river Scheldt in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... Ciney is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Namur. ... This article is about the Italian region. ... HAL or Hal may refer to: HAL is an acronym used to refer to Hindustan Aeronautics Limited HAL is the hardware abstraction layer used in Windows NT and in Linux to encapsulate hardware-dependent details from the rest of the operating system. ... Binomial name Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Taro corms for sale Taro (from Tahitian), more rarely kalo (from Hawaiian), is a tropical plant grown primarily as a vegetable food for its edible corm, and secondarily as a leaf vegetable. ... Traditional coat of arms Modern flag (Gwenn-ha-du) Historical province of Brittany région of Bretagne, see Bretagne. ... Country Italy Region Marche Province Province of Ascoli Piceno (AP) Mayor Elevation 5 m Area 3. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Le Creusot Le Creusot is a French commune in the Saône-et-Loire département and the Bourgogne région. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Very low frequency or VLF refers to radio frequencies (RF) in the range of 3 to 30 kHz. ... October 1939. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... PID stands for a number of things, including: Principal ideal domain, in abstract algebra, an integral domain in which every ideal is principal Proportional-Integral-Derivative controller, a feedback loop component in control theory and industrial control applications Pelvic inflammatory disease, an infection of the female uterus, fallopian tubes, and... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Liege or Liège has several meanings: A Liège is a classic sporting car, designed for personal assembly, by Peter Davis in Evesham, UK, and often used in Classic Trials and other long distance motoring events A liege is the person or entity to which one has pledged allegiance. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Neufchâteau (Walloon: Li Tchestea) is a Walloon municipality located in the central part of the Belgian province of Luxembourg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Tyrol is a historical region in Western Central Europe, which includes the Austrian state of Tyrol (consisting of North Tyrol and East Tyrol) and the Italian regions known as the South Tyrol and Trentino. ... Carinthia (Kärnten in German, Koroška in Slovenian) can refer to: Carinthia - a federal state of Austria Carinthia - an informal province in Slovenia Carinthia - a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire and crownland of Austria_Hungary Karantania - the first Slovenian state This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Hainault is a place in the London Borough of Redbridge. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Turin (Italian: ; Piedmontese: Turin) is a major industrial city and business, cultural, and religious center in northwest Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the west bank of the Po River. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Udine (Friulian Udin, Slovene Videm) is a city in the north-east of Italy, capital of the historical region of Friuli, in the middle of Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, between the Adriatic sea and the Alps (Alpi Carniche), less than 40 km far from the Slovenian border. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 797 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Map of Italy showing La Spezia in the northwest La Spezia is a city in the Liguria region of northern Italy, at the head of La Spezia Gulf. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 797 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... The cathedral of Notre Dame de Tournai Tournai (in Dutch: Doornik) is located 85 kilometers southwest of Brussels on the river Scheldt in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German: //, Italian: Ginevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... An incendiary device is a device or weapon designed to create a fire. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Liege or Liège has several meanings: A Liège is a classic sporting car, designed for personal assembly, by Peter Davis in Evesham, UK, and often used in Classic Trials and other long distance motoring events A liege is the person or entity to which one has pledged allegiance. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Hainault is a place in the London Borough of Redbridge. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Hainault is a place in the London Borough of Redbridge. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Hamburgs motto: May the posterity endeavour with dignity to conserve the freedom, which the forefathers acquired. ... The river Weser flows through Bremen to the estuary at Bremerhaven. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Liege or Liège has several meanings: A Liège is a classic sporting car, designed for personal assembly, by Peter Davis in Evesham, UK, and often used in Classic Trials and other long distance motoring events A liege is the person or entity to which one has pledged allegiance. ... Charleroi (Walloon: TchÃ¥lerwè) is the first city and municipality of Wallonia in population. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Map of Éire Éire (pronounced ) is the Irish name for Ireland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Piedmont (Italian: Piemonte) is a region of northwestern Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal (Cathedral of our Lady) at the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to several triptychs by Baroque painter Rubens. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Apennine Mountains (Greek: Απεννινος; Latin: Appenninus--in both cases used in the singular; Italian: Appennini) is a mountain range stretching 1000 km from the north to the south of Italy along its east coast, traversing the entire peninsula, and forming, as it were, the backbone of the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Stuttgart [], located in southern Germany, is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg with a population of approximately 590,000 (as of September 2005) in the city and around 3 million in the metropolitan area. ... Heilbronn is a city in northern Baden-Württemberg, Germany, near Stuttgart. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Huy (Walloon: Hu; French: Huy, Dutch: Hoei) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Udine (Friulian Udin, Slovene Videm) is a city in the north-east of Italy, capital of the historical region of Friuli, in the middle of Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, between the Adriatic sea and the Alps (Alpi Carniche), less than 40 km far from the Slovenian border. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Drave (German: Drau, Slovenian and Croatian: Drava, Hungarian: Dráva) is a river in southern Central Europe, flowing East from Alto Adige, Italy through Carinthia, Austria, and Slovenia (145 km) then southeast, forming most of the Croatian-Hungarian border before joining the Danube near Osijek. ... Lindwurm Brunnen in the center of Klagenfurt Klagenfurt (Slovenian Celovec) is the capital of the federal state of Carinthia (German Kärnten; Slovenian Koróška), in Austria, on the Glan river. ... Location within Italy Bari is the capital of the province of Bari and of the Apulia (or Puglia) region, on the Adriatic sea, in Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Catalan can refer to: Catalan people Catalan language An inhabitant of Catalonia A Catalan speaker, whether or not from Catalonia proper (see Catalan Countries). ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Postal code 08001-08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Map of the Sudetenland Gau. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Assen railway station Assen is a municipality and a city in the north eastern Netherlands, capital of the province of Drenthe. ... Coevorden is a municipality and a city in the northeastern Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Charleroi (Walloon: TchÃ¥lerwè) is the first city and municipality of Wallonia in population. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Piedmont (Italian: Piemonte) is a region of northwestern Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For the conurbation see Ruhr Area. ... Main Station Frankfurt Frankfurt International Airport For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... The Isk are one-half of the species called the Iskoort in the fictional Animorphs books by K. A. Applegate. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Alfred Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich (February 22, 1890 - January 1, 1954), known universally as Duff Cooper, was a British diplomat, Cabinet member and acclaimed author. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Operation Herring (Herring 1) was the last World War II airborne combat drop in Europe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946)_crowned. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Country of origin Italy Classification and breed standards Notes The AKC foundation stock service (FSS) is a registration service for breeds not yet recognised by the AKC. The Bergamasco is a breed of dog with its origins in the Italian Alps, where it was originally used as a herding dog. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia) is a region in northern Italy between the Alps and the Po river valley. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 797 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 797 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal (Cathedral of our Lady) at the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to several triptychs by Baroque painter Rubens. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Country Italy Region Liguria Province Savona (SV) Mayor Federico Berruti Elevation m Area 65 km² Population  - Total (as of December 12, 2004) 61,742  - Density 921/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Savonesi Dialing code 019 Postal code 17100 Frazioni Lavagnola, Légino, Zinola, Santuario Patron Our Lady... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Gent at Night Ghent (IPA: ; Gent in Dutch; Gand in French, formerly Gaunt in English) is a city and a municipality located in Flanders, Belgium. ... Sûreté (French; translated as surety but transliterated as security) is a term used in French-speaking countries or regions in the organizational title of a civil police force. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Albert Canal is a canal located in northeastern Belgium. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Gent at Night Ghent (IPA: ; Gent in Dutch; Gand in French, formerly Gaunt in English) is a city and a municipality located in Flanders, Belgium. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Country Italy Region Marche Province Pesaro e Urbino (PU) Mayor Stefano Aguzzi (since June 2004) Elevation 12 m Area 121 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 61,675  - Density 512/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Fanesi Dialing code 0721 Postal code 61032 Frazioni Bellocchi, Camminate... Pesaro is a town and comune in the Italian region of the Marche, capital of the Pesaro e Urbino province, on the Adriatic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Namur is the name of a city in Belgium, capital of Wallonia, as well as a province and a diocese named after it. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Nivelles (Dutch: Nijvel) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Neufchâtel is a semi-soft French cheese from the Normandy region of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Biella (Latin: Bugella) is a town and comune in the northern Italian region of Piemonte, the capital of the province of the same name, with 45,500 inhabitants as of the 2001 census. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Asti is a city and comune in the Piemonte or Piedmont region, in north-western Italy, about 80 kilometres west of Turin in the plain of the Tanaro river. ... Piedmont (Italian: Piemonte) is a region of northwestern Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Liguria is a coastal region of north-western Italy, the third smallest of the Italian regions. ... The Ancient Port of Genoa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Map of Lake Como. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Liege or Liège has several meanings: A liege is the person or entity to which one has pledged allegiance. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 797 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... Gent at Night Ghent (IPA: ; Gent in Dutch; Gand in French, formerly Gaunt in English) is a city and a municipality located in Flanders, Belgium. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Operation Market Garden was an Allied military operation in World War II, which took place in September 1944. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Arnhem is a municipality and a city in the east of the Netherlands, located on the Lower Rhine, and the capital of the Gelderland province. ... Combatants United Kingdom United States Poland Germany Commanders Bernard Montgomery Gerd von Rundstedt Strength XXX Corps, 35,000 airborne 20,000 Casualties 17,000 casualties 8,000 casualties Operation Market Garden (September 17-September 25, 1944) was an Allied military operation in World War II. Its tactical objectives were to... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The central square and town hall of Mons Mons (Dutch: Bergen) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut, of which it is the capital. ... The Scheldt (Dutch: Schelde, French Escaut) is a 350 km[1] long river that finds its origin in the north of France, enters Belgium and near Antwerp flows west into the Netherlands towards the North Sea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During World War II, the Political Warfare Executive (PWE) was a British clandestine body created to produce and disseminate black propaganda, with the aim of damaging enemy morale. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Sardinia (Sardegna in Italian, Sardigna or Sardinna in the Sardinian language), is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (Sicily is the largest), between Italy, Spain and Tunisia, south of Corsica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Free French Forces under review during the Battle of Normandy. ... The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal (Cathedral of our Lady) at the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to several triptychs by Baroque painter Rubens. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Flanders (Dutch: Vlaanderen) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; some prefer to call this the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal (Cathedral of our Lady) at the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to several triptychs by Baroque painter Rubens. ... Limburg is the easternmost province of Flanders (which is one of the three regions of Belgium), and is located west of the Meuse river. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 797 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Prince Charles, Charles Théodore Henri Antoine Meinrad, Count of Flanders, Prince of Belgium (October 10, 1903—June 1, 1983), was the second son of King Albert I of Belgium and Queen Elizabeth. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Deaths Head emblem similar to skull and crossbones, often used as the insignia of the Gestapo The   (contraction of Geheime Staatspolizei; Secret State Police) was the official secret police of Nazi Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Versailles (pronounced , in French), formerly the de facto capital of the kingdom of France, is now a wealthy suburb of Paris and is still an important administrative and judicial center. ... The Allouis longwave transmitter first entered service, as Frances central longwave transmitter, in 1939. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During World War II, the Political Warfare Executive (PWE) was a British clandestine body created to produce and disseminate black propaganda, with the aim of damaging enemy morale. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Nivelles (Dutch: Nijvel) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Elba (bottom centre) from space, February 1994. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... Empoli is a town in Tuscany, Italy, about 30 km southwest of Florence. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Lindwurm Brunnen in the center of Klagenfurt Klagenfurt (Slovenian Celovec) is the capital of the federal state of Carinthia (German Kärnten; Slovenian Koróška), in Austria, on the Glan river. ... Inhabitants according to official census figures: 1800 to 2005 Vienna in 1858 UN complex in Vienna, with the non-affiliated Austria Center Vienna in front - picture taken from Danube Tower in nearby Danube Park. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Capital Pamplona (Basque: Iruña) Official language(s) Spanish; Basque co-official in the north of community. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Chevron may refer to: Chevron, a V-shaped pattern seen in military or police insigna, heraldry, flag design, and architectural frets Chevron, a series of bones on the underside of the tail of reptiles Chevron Corporation, a petrochemical company Chevron Cars, an advertising campaign of the Chevron Corporation including stylized... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Map of Italy showing La Spezia in the northwest La Spezia is a city in the Liguria region of northern Italy, at the head of La Spezia Gulf. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Lessines is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Vèneto is one of the regions of Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Blois is a city in France, the préfecture (capital) city of the Loir-et-Cher département, situated on the banks of the lower river Loire between Orléans and Tours. ... The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal (Cathedral of our Lady) at the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to several triptychs by Baroque painter Rubens. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Liguria is a coastal region of north-western Italy, the third smallest of the Italian regions. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... In the old city centre Harbour to cathedral Vannes (Breton: Gwened) is a town and commune located in the Morbihan département, in Brittany, in the west of France. ... Pessac is a commune of the Gironde département, in France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Free_France_1940-1944. ... Oil shale is a general term applied to a group of rocks rich enough in organic material (called kerogen) to yield petroleum upon distillation. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Flag of Salzburg Salzburg (population 145,000 in 2005) is a city in western Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg (population 520,000 in 2003). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Rochefort is the name of several communes in France, of a municipality in Belgium and a commune in Switzerland: Rochefort in the Charente-Maritime département of France Rochefort in the Côte-dOr département of France Rochefort in the Savoie département of France Rochefort, Belgium Rochefort... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During World War II. Operation Typical was the insertion by parachute on 22 May, 1943 of a four-man British delegation into Yugoslavia to coordinate operations with Tito’s partisans. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... V2 V2 Records V2 word order, the verb-second word order of Germanic languages Velocity 2, the speed where an aircraft accelerating on a runway must lift-off Visual cortex#V2 area V-2 V-2 rocket, an early ballistic missile diesel model V-2, a twelve-cylinder Soviet tank... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is a Spanish city, the capital city of Gran Canaria one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean, 210 kilometers located off the northwestern coast of Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ...

Miscellaneous and Unclassified

  • 25 (1941) — Axis invasion of Yugoslavia
    • Strafe ("Punishment") (1941) — The 4-day bombing of Belgrade by the German Luftwaffe as part of Operation 25
  • Bernhard (194?) — German plan to destroy British economy using forged British banknotes
  • Catapult (1940) — Royal Navy actions to seize, disable or destroy the French fleet after France's surrender.
  • Cornflakes (1945) — American clandestine insertion of propaganda into the German mail system
  • Eiche ("Oak") (1943) — German rescue from custody of Benito Mussolini
  • Fall Grün ("Case Green") (1938) — the German invasion of Czechoslovakia
  • Fall Weiss ("Case White") (1939) — German invasion of Poland
  • Foxley (1944) — a plan to kill Adolf Hitler that was never carried out
  • Frantic (1943) — The use of Soviet airfields by western Allied bombers.
  • Gaff (1944) — attempt to kill Erwin Rommel
  • Grün [1] ("Green") (1938) — the Nazi invasion of Czechoslovakia
  • Grün ("Green") (1940) — proposed Nazi invasion of Ireland
  • Hummer (Lobster) (1940) — insertion of German agents into Britain
  • Magpie (1944) — landings of German agents on the US east coast
  • Magic Carpet (1945–1946) — American post-war operation to transport US military personnel home
  • Manna (1945) — Allied air drops of food to famine-ravaged Netherlands, with German cooperation
  • Pastorious (1942) — separate landings of German agents on the US east coast
  • Peking (1939) — removal of Polish warships to Britain, in advance of German invasion
  • Pied Piper (1939) — evacuation of children from British cities
  • Regenbogen ("Rainbow") (1945) — rescinded order to scuttle Kriegsmarine
  • Reinhard (1943) — German actions against Polish Jews in the "General Government"
  • Tabarin (1943) — British Antarctic expedition
  • Tannenbaum ("Christmas Tree") — The planned German invasion of Switzerland.
  • Tannenberg (1939) — German actions to exterminate influential and leading Poles
  • Taube ("Pigeon") (1943) Nazi cooperation with the IRA to ferment discord in Britain and persuade the Irish government to attack Northern Ireland
  • Valkyrie (1944) — bomb plot to kill Hitler
  • Venona (1943) — US efforts to break Soviet diplomatic codes
  • W or Plan W (1940-42) — Anglo-Irish military plan in the event of a German invasion of Ireland
  • Worek ("Sack") (1939) Polish naval defence of the Polish coast

Invasion of Yugoslavia Operation 25 was the german code-name for the so-called April War, the German attack on Yugoslavia on April 6, 1941. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary_1940. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in South Slavic languages, Југославија (Serbian, Macedonian Cyrillic): Land of the South Slavs) describes three separate political entities that existed on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe during most of the 20th century. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Operation Bernhard was the name of a secret German plan devised during the Second World War to destabilise the British economy by flooding the country with forged Bank of England £5, £10, £20, and £50 notes. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Mers-el-Kebir Conflict World War II Date July 3, 1940 Place Mers-el-Kebir, French North Africa Result Decisive British victory The Destruction of the French Fleet at Mers-el-Kebir, French North Africa (now Algeria), by the British Royal Navy took place on July 3, 1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Operation Cornflakes was a World War II Office of Strategic Services PSYOP mission in 1944 and 1945 which involved tricking the German postal service into inadvertantly delivering enemy propaganda to German citizens through the mail. ... The daring rescue of Benito Mussolini by German special forces in World War II. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (July 29, 1883 – April 28, 1945) was the Prime-Minister and dictator of Italy from 1922 until his overthrow in 1943. ... Before World War II, Fall Grün (Case Green) was a German plan for an aggressive war against Czechoslovakia in 1938. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hitler redirects here. ... During World War II, Operation Frantic was a series of air raids conducted by American bombers based in Britain or the Mediterranean which then landed at bases built by the Americans in Soviet-controlled Ukraine. ... During World War II, Operation Gaff was a six-man patrol of Special Air Service commandos who jumped into German-occupied France on 25 July 1944. ... Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel ( ) (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was one of the most distinguished German field marshals of World War II. He was the commander of the Deutsches Afrika Korps and also became known by the nickname The Desert Fox (Wüstenfuchs,  ) for the skillful military campaigns he... Before World War II, Fall Grün (Case Green) was a German plan for an aggressive war against Czechoslovakia in 1938. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Green (Unternehmen Grün in German) often also referred to as Fall Grün (Case Green) or Plan Green (Plan Grün), was a fullscale operations plan for the invasion of the island of Ireland in support of Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe in German). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... In 1940 it was decided to send agents and saboteurs to infiltrate Britain from Norway and Northern France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Lobster I (Unternehmen Hummer I in German) was an Abwehr plan to infiltrate three German agents into Ireland, (the territory formerly known as the Irish Free State), in July 1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Attacks on United States territory in North America during World War II by the Axis Powers were rare, mainly due to North Americas geographical separation from the central theaters of conflict in Europe and Asia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Most of Yemenite Jews had never seen an airplane before, but they believed in the Biblical prophecy: according to the Book of Isaiah (40:31), God promised to return the children of Israel to Zion with wings. Operation Magic Carpet may refer to: the post-World War II effort by... Operation Manna was an event which took place from 29 April to 7 May 1945, at the end of World War II, in which Lancaster bombers of the Royal Air Force dropped food into parts of the occupied Netherlands, with the acquiescence of the occupying German forces, to feed people... Attacks on United States territory in North America during World War II by the Axis Powers were rare, mainly due to North Americas geographical separation from the central theaters of conflict in Europe and Asia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Polish destroyers during the Peking Plan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... // In the 1930s, aerial bombing became an ever larger spectre in the minds of the government and the public (see Trenchard, Douhet, Spain). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During World War II, there were two German operations called Regenbogen (Rainbow): an unsuccessful attack on the Arctic convoy JW-51B, by heavy cruisers Admiral Hipper and Lutzow, known as the Battle of the Barents Sea an order from Admiral Karl Dönitz to scuttle Kriegsmarine warships at the end... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Reinhard (Aktion Reinhard, Einsatz Reinhard, Aktion Reinhardt or Einsatz Reinhardt in German) was the code name given to the Nazi plan to murder Polish Jews in the former General Government and rob their possessions. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The history of the Jews in Poland reaches back over a millennium. ... The General Government (in full General government for the occupied Polish areas, in German Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete) was the name given by Germany to the governing authority in Poland after its occupation by the Wehrmacht in September and October 1939. ... During World War II, Operation Tabarin was a small British expedition launched from the UK in 1943 to the Antarctic to to establish permanently occupied bases. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Map of a planned German invasion of Switzerland during World War II (12 August 1940) Map of a planned Italian invasion of Switzerland during World War II (12 August 1940) Operation Tannenbaum was a planned invasion by Nazi Germany of Switzerland during World War II. Switzerland had always taken a... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Operation Tannenberg (German: Unternehmen Tannenberg) was the codename for one of the extermination actions directed at the Polish people during World War II, part of the Generalplan Ost. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Following the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty on 6 December 1921, the Irish Republican Army in the 26 counties that were to become the Irish Free State split between supporters and opponents of the Treaty. ... Motto: [citation needed] (French for God and my right)2 Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official language(s) English (de facto), Irish, Ulster Scots 3, NI Sign Language Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair... Claus von Stauffenberg The July 20 Plot was a failed coup détat and attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler. ... now. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Polish submarines sectors as in the Worek Plan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Flag of the Polish Navy Polish Navy Ensign The Polish Navy (Marynarka Wojenna RP, MW RP) is the branch of Polands armed forces responsible for naval operations. ...

See also

This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... List of World War II conferences of the Allied forces In total Churchill attended 14 meetings, Roosevelt 12, Stalin 5. ...

Cold War Era

Asia

Soldiers surround the Parliament building in Tehran on August 19, 1953. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Operation Argus was secretly conducted during August and September of 1958, in the South Atlantic (see: South Atlantic Anomaly), by the US Atomic Energy Commission, in conjunction with the Explorer IV mission. ... Atilla was the code-name given to the Turkish military invasion of the island of Cyprus in July 1974, in response to a Greek-inspired coup detat which sought to unite the island with Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Operation Blowdown was a military operation of July 18, 1963. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Combatants Pakistan Air Force Indian Air Force Strength •36 Aircrafts in first two waves. ... Image File history File links Pakistani_Air_Force_Ensign. ... Military manpower Military age 16 years of age Availability 39,028,014 (2005) Males ages 16-49 Reaching military age males: 1,969,055 (2005) Active troops 620,000 (Ranked 7th) Military expenditures Dollar figure $3. ... A preemptive attack (or preemptive war) is waged in an attempt to repel or defeat an imminent offensive or invasion, or to gain a strategic advantage in an impending (usually unavoidable) war. ... For other uses, see Airport (disambiguation). ... During the Cold War, Operation Claret was a long-running series of raids conducted on the island of Borneo by the British Special Air Service starting in June, 1964. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Map of Kenya The Mau Mau Uprising was an insurgency by Kenyan rebels against the British colonial administration that lasted from 1952 to 1960. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Map of Kenya The Mau Mau Uprising was an insurgency by Kenyan rebels against the British colonial administration that lasted from 1952 to 1960. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Counter-insurgency is the combating of insurgency, by the government (or allies) of the territory in which the insurgency takes place. ... Combatants United States new Iranian regime Strength 500+ Casualties 8 dead, 4 injured Operation Eagle Claw (or Operation Evening Light) was a United States military operation to rescue the 53 hostages from the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran on April 24, 1980. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... A blindfolded American hostage is paraded by Muslim student followers of the Imams line. ... Tehran (IPA: ; Persian: تهران, also transliterated as Teheran or Tehrān), population (as of 2005) 7,314,000 (metropolitan: 12,151,000), and a land area of 658 square kilometers, is the capital city of Iran (Persia) and the center of Tehran Province. ... Operation El Dorado Canyon was the name of the joint United States Air Force and Navy air-strikes against Libya on April 15, 1986. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Mess Management Specialist 2nd Class Williams Hendrickson scans for mines from the bow of the U.S. Navy guided missile frigate USS Nicolas (FFG-47) during an Earnest Will convoy mission. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... It has been suggested that Persian Gulf States be merged into this article or section. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Operation Eager Glacier was a secret U.S. effort to spy on Iran with aircraft in 1987 and 1988. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Operation Nimble Archer was the 19 October 1987 attack on two Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf by United States Navy forces. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Iranian frigate IS Sahand (74) attacked by aircraft of U.S. Navy Carrier Air Wing 11 in retaliation for the mining of the guided missile frigate USS . ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... --> USS (FFG-58) is one of the final vessels in the United States Navys Oliver Hazard Perry class of guided missile frigates. ... Operation Prime Chance (August 1987-June 1989) was a U.S. Special Operations Command operation intended to protect U.S.-flagged oil tankers from Iranian attack during the Iran-Iraq War. ... Operation Sparrowhawk (Fr. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Operation Eagle Claw (or Operation Evening Light) was a United States military operation to rescue the hostages from the U.S. embassy in Teheran, Iran on April 24, 1980. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Tehran (IPA: ; Persian: تهران, also transliterated as Teheran or Tehrān), population (as of 2005) 7,314,000 (metropolitan: 12,151,000), and a land area of 658 square kilometers, is the capital city of Iran (Persia) and the center of Tehran Province. ... Emblem of Gladio, Italian branch of the NATO stay-behind paramilitary organizations. ... Operation Gold (also known as Operation Stopwatch by the British) was a joint operation conducted by the American CIA and the British Secret Intelligence Service to tap into landline communication of the Soviet Army headquarters in Berlin using a tunnel into the Soviet-occupied zone. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Operation Gibraltar was the name given to the Military Plan by Pakistan to Liberate Jammu and Kashmir, Indian Occupied and bring the Dispute to a logical end. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Pakistan. ... Jammu and Kashmir   (IPA: , Kashmiri: جۄم تٕہ کٔشِیر ज्वम त॒ कॅशीर, Urdu:جموں Ùˆ کشمیر, Hindi:जम्मू और कश्मीर) (often abbreviated as Kashmir), is the northern-most state of Republic of India, lying mostly in the Himalayan mountains. ... Operation Grand Slam is virtually synonymous with the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Pakistan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... EOKA (Εθνική Οργάνωσις Κυπρίων Αγωνιστών, Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston (Greek National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist organisation that fought for the expulsion of British troops from the island, for self-determination and for union with Greece in the mid to late 1950s. ... Siachen Glacier lies between Ladakh and Karakoram range. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Military branches: Indian Army, Indian Navy (including naval air arm), Air Force, various security or paramilitary forces (includes Border Security Force, Assam Rifles, Rashtriya Rifles, National Security Guards, Indo-Tibetan Border Police, Special Frontier Force, Central Reserve Police Force, Defense Security Corps and several other units) and the Strategic Forces... The Siachen Glacier is marked in orange The Siachen Glacier is located in the East Karakoram/Himalaya, at approximately . ... Military history records no fewer than three events, all dubbed Operation Mongoose: A special operation by a British team operating from bases in India during World War II training Karen tribesmen in Burma to harass the Japanese rear. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Operation Morning Light was the joint Canadian/American recovery of the residue of the Soviet satellite Cosmos 954, which crashed near Great Slave Lake in January, 1978. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Cosmos 954 was a Soviet Radar Ocean Reconnaissance Satellite (RORSAT) with an onboard nuclear reactor. ... Radar-equipped Ocean Reconnaissance SATellite or RORSAT is the western name given to the Soviet Upravlenniye Sputnik-Aktivny (US-A) satellites. ... Operation Mount Hope III was a secret American operation to steal a crashed Soviet-made MI-24 “Hind” attack helicopter. ... In 1964 as part of Operation Neptune the Czech intelligence apparatus publicly claimed to have discovered Nazi-era intelligence files hidden beneath the surface of a lake. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... The Iranian Embassy Siege of 1980 was a terrorist siege of the Iranian Embassy in London. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Preparation for an underground nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site in the 1980s. ... An artists conception of the NASA reference design for the Project Orion spacecraft powered by nuclear propulsion. ... An artists conception of a spacecraft powered by nuclear pulse propulsion Nuclear pulse propulsion (or External Pulsed Plasma Propulsion, as it is termed in one recent NASA document) is a proposed method of spacecraft propulsion that uses nuclear explosions for thrust. ... Operation Paul Bunyan was a countermeasure taken by the United States Army Corps of Engineers in response to an attack by North Korean soldiers in the village of Panmunjom within the Korean Demilitarized Zone, which killed two US Army officers and wounded several South Koreans. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Exercise REFORGER (REturn of FORces to GERmany) was an annual exercise conducted, during the Cold War, by the United States Army. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Operation Silver was a British intelligence operation which ran from 1949 to 1955 that covertly tapped into the landline communications of the Soviet Army headquarters in Vienna. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... EOKA (Εθνική Οργάνωσις Κυπρίων Αγωνιστών, Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston (Greek National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist organisation that fought for the expulsion of British troops from the island, for self-determination and for union with Greece in the mid to late 1950s. ... Combatants India Pakistan Strength 3 Missile boats, 2 Anti-submarine patrol vessels Casualties None Heavy Operation Trident and its follow up Operation Python were naval attacks launched on Pakistans port city of Karachi by the Indian Navy during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... The Indian Navy (Bharatiya Nau Sena) is the naval branch of the Armed Forces of India. ... The Port of Karachi is Pakistans busiest port, handling about 60% of the nations cargo (25 million tons per annum). ... Former president Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán on the cover of TIME magazine in June 1954 after his overthrow Operation PBSUCCESS was a CIA-organized covert operation that overthrew the democratically-elected President of Guatemala, Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán in 1954. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... The Soviet Union blocked Western rail and road access to West Berlin from June 24, 1948 - May 11, 1949. ... The Soviet Union blocked Western rail and road access to West Berlin from June 24, 1948 - May 11, 1949. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ...

Central America and the Caribbean

  • Anadyr — Soviet plan to base nuclear weapons in Cuba; the cause of the Cuban Missile Crisis
    • Kama — Soviet plan to forward-base seven Soviet ballistic missile submarines in Mariel, Cuba (part of Anadyr)
  • Fortune (1951) — 1951 CIA plan for a coup in Guatemala. Executed as Success
  • Golden Pheasant (1988) — US deployment in Honduras
  • Just Cause (1989) — US invasion of Panama
  • Northwoods (1960s) — plan to incite war between the United States and Cuba.
  • Peter Pan (1960s) — transfer of Cubans to the US
  • Phibriglex (1962) — US plan and mock invasion by its armed forces of a Caribbean island. The exercise took place on Vieques and the purpose of the mock invasion was to overthrow a fictitious leader called "Ortsac", whose name was, in fact, Castro spelled backwards. It occurred in August, shortly before the Cuban Missile Crisis. It is also known by the names Operation Ortsac, Operation Swift Strike II and Exercise Phibriglex-62.
  • Power Pack (1965) — US deployment in the Dominican Republic
  • Urgent Fury (1983) — US invasion of Grenada

Operation Anadyr was the code name used by the Soviet Union for their Cold War (1962) plan to deploy ballistic missiles, medium-range bombers, and a regiment of mechanized infantry in Cuba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... USAF spy photo of one of the suspected launch sites The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States regarding the Soviet deployment of nuclear missiles in Cuba. ... Operation Anadyr was the code name used by the Soviet Union for their Cold War (1962) plan to deploy ballistic missiles, medium-range bombers, and a regiment of mechanized infantry in Cuba. ... Operation PBFORTUNE was the name of a contingency plan drafted by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency in 1951 that outlined a method of ousting President Jacobo Arbenz of Guatemala if he was deemed a Communist threat in the hemisphere. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Former president Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán on the cover of TIME magazine in June 1954 after his overthrow Operation PBSUCCESS was a CIA-organized covert operation that overthrew the democratically-elected President of Guatemala, Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán in 1954. ... Operation Golden Pheasant was an emergency deployment of 82nd Airborne and 7th Infantry Division troops by parachute and regular air-landing operations to Honduras in 1988 as a show of force, as a result of threatening actions by the forces of the (then socialist) Nicaraguans. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Combatants United States Panama Commanders Carl W. Stiner Manuel Noriega Strength 27,684+ 16,000+ Casualties 24 Dead, 325 Wounded 450 Military, 200-4,000 Civilian Rangers from Cco 3/75 RGT prepare to take La Comandancia in the El Chorrillo neighborhood of Panama City, December 1989. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... ACID GAMBIT (U.S. 89) A plan to rescue Central Intelligence Agency operative Kurt Muse from a Panamanian prison in which he was held in 1989. ... During the period of tension that culminated in the US Invasion of Panama Operation Bushmaster was the use of infantry units to supplement Military Police patrols of areas surrounding the Panama Canal and other American installations in Panama. ... Operation Sand Flea was a series of training exercises for the American invasion of Panama. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Northwoods Memorandum (March 13, 1962) (PDF) Operation Northwoods, or Northwoods, was a 1962 plan to generate U.S. public support for military action against the Cuban government of Fidel Castro, as part of the U.S. governments Operation Mongoose anti-Castro initiative. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Operation Peter Pan (Operación Pedro Pan), which took place between 1960 and 1962, was an operation coordinated by the United States government, the Roman Catholic Church and Cuban dissidents in which over 14,000 children were saved from Communist tyranny in Cuba. ... Operation Ortsac was the project name of a possible invasion of Cuba planned by the United States military in 1962. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Vieques is an island-municipality of Puerto Rico. ... USAF spy photo of one of the suspected launch sites The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States regarding the Soviet deployment of nuclear missiles in Cuba. ... Operation Power Pack was the American intervention in the Dominican Republic in 1965. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ...

Korean War

During the Korean War, Operation Bluehearts was the American amphibious landing conducted at Pohang on 18 July 1950 by the First Cavalry Division. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... U.S. Army Corps of Engineers establish a floating bridge across the Imjin River. ... Military history notes two uses of the name Operation Commando: 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Battle of Inchon Conflict Korean War Date September 15, 1950 – September 28, 1950 Place Inchon, Korea Result Allied victory China enters the Korean War The Battle of Inchon (code name: Operation Chromite) was a decisive 15-day invasion and battle during the Korean War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Operation Little Switch was an exchange of sick and wounded prisoners during the Korean War in April and May 1953. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia... Operation Big Switch was the repatriation of all remaining prisoners of the Korean War 75,823 Communist prisoners and 12,773 UN prisoners were returned. ... Operation Ripper was a military operation which was planned to repel the Chinese and North Korean troops from Seoul and to bring UN troops to the 38th Parallel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Seoul (Sŏul[1] 서울)   is the capital and largest city of South Korea (Republic of Korea). ... Operation Tomahawk was an airborne military operation by the 187th Regimental Combat Team (RCT) in March 1951 at Munsan-ni as part of Operation Courageous in the Korean War. ... The Battle of the Imjin took place between April 22 – April 25, 1951 during the Korean War. ...

Vietnam War

Operation Arc Light was the 1965 deployment of B-52 heavy bombers to bases in Guam. ... Combatants United States North Vietnam Viet Cong Commanders Major Guy S. Meloy Unknown Casualties 155 US killed 494 US wounded At least 1,106 killed Operation Attleboro was a search-and-destroy operation by the 196th Light Infantry Brigade. ... The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) was a military component of the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam (commonly known as South Vietnam). ... Tay Ninh (in Vietnamese, Tây Ninh) is a town in southwestern Vietnam. ... Operation Babylift was the name given to the mass evacuation of orphans from South Vietnam to the United States and other countries (including, for example, Australia) at the end of the Vietnam War (see also the Fall of Saigon), during April, 1975. ... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809 km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (considered derogatory by some: see below) (Chinese: è‹—pinyin: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mèo or HMông; Thai: แม้ว (Maew) or ม้ง (Mong); Burmese: mun lumyo), are an Asian ethnic group speaking the Hmong language, whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of southern China (especially... Operation Steel Tiger was a covert US Air Force aerial interdiction effort targeted against North Vietnamese infiltration through southeastern Laos during the Vietnam Conflict. ... Barrell Roll/Steel Tiger/Tiger Hound Areas of Operations, 1965. ... January 2, 1967, North Vietnam. ... In recent years, the terms electronic signature and digital signature have come into widespread, and somewhat confused, use. ... Combatants France, Vietnam (loyalist) Vietnam (Viet Minh) Commanders Christian de Castries Vo Nguyen Giap Strength As of March 13: 10,800 (Davidson, 224) As of March 13: 49,000 combat personnel, 15,000 logistical support personnel (Davidson, 223) Casualties 2,293 dead 2 dead (USA) 5,193 wounded 11,800... Dien Bien Phu (Điện Biên Phủ) is a small town in northwestern Vietnam in the province of Điện Biên. ... Operation Chopper occurred on January 12, 1962 and was the first time US forces participated in major combat in the Vietnam War. ... Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành Chí Minh) is the largest city in Vietnam, located near the delta of the Mekong River. ... Operation Cedar Falls was conducted by the U.S. and South Vietnamese forces during the Vietnam War on January 8 – January 26, 1967 to rout out Viet Cong base camps in the so-called Iron Triangle. ... A Viet Cong soldier, heavily guarded, awaits interrogation following capture in the attacks on Saigon during the festive Tet holiday period of 1968. ... Iron triangle is a phrase typically used by American political scientists to describe what are deemed to be cozy relationships in U.S. politics between the legislature, government bureaucracies, and constituencies; which ultimately result in very tight policy-making circles. ... Combatants United States, Republic of Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam Operation Commando Hunt was a covert Seventh/Thirteenth United States Air Force offensive initiative that took place during the Vietnam Conflict. ... The Ho Chi Minh trail was a logistical system that ran from the Democratic Republic of (North) Vietnam (DRV) to South Vietnam through the neighboring countries of Laos and Cambodia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Dien Bien Phu (Điện Biên Phủ) is a small town in northwestern Vietnam in the province of Điện Biên. ... Combatants United States Marine Corps North Vietnamese Army Commanders Colonel Robert H. Barrow N/A Strength 5,000+ Casualties 130 KIA, 932 WIA 1617 KIA, Unk WIA Operation Dewey Canyon was the last major offensive by the United States Marine Corps during the Vietnam War. ... NVA is a three-letter abbreviation for North Vietnamese Army (also known as the Peoples Army of Vietnam) Nationale Volksarmee, the National Peoples Army of the former German Democratic Republic (East Germany) Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie, Belgian political party. ... During the Vietnam War, Operation Enhance and Enhance Plus was the emergency transfer of American military supplies and bases to the South Vietnamese government in advance of the cease fire that ended American involvement in the war. ... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809 km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ... During the Vietnam War, United States President Lyndon B. Johnson in February 1965 ordered a series of reprisal air strikes after a number of attacks on U.S. bases, particularly on a U.S. installation at Pleiku. ... A Viet Cong soldier, heavily guarded, awaits interrogation following capture in the attacks on Saigon during the festive Tet holiday period of 1968. ... USAF CH-53 helicopters on the deck of Midway during Operation Frequent Wind, April 1975 Operation Frequent Wind was the emergency evacuation of Americans by helicopter from Saigon, South Vietnam in April 1975 during the last days of the Vietnam War. ... The Bell 206 of Canadian Helicopters Robinson Helicopter Company (USA) R44, a four seat development of the R22 A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors. ... pwtha This iconic image shows South Vietnamese civilians scrambling to board a United States military helicopter during the U.S. evacuation of Saigon. ... Swift Boat is another term for a Fast Patrol Craft. ... Operation Deckhouse Five occurred January 6, 1967. ... Following the Tonkin Gulf Incident US Naval forces in Vietnam were assigned to four major duties - Operation Sea Dragon, Operation Market Time, Operation Sealords and Naval Gunfire Support. ... Operation Hastings was an American military operation in the Vietnam War. ... Quang Tri Province is a region and province in central Vietnam near (north) the ancient capital of Huế. Categories: Southeast Asia geography stubs ... The military operation codenamed Lèa was an attempt of the french colonial forces in Indochina to capture the communist leaders of the vietnamese movement for independence (Viet Minh), which started on October 7th, 1947 and was unsuccessfully finished at December 22, 1947. ... The Viet Minh (abbreviated from Việt Nam ộc Lập ồng Minh Hội, League for the Independence of Vietnam) was formed by Ho Ngoc Lam and Nguyen Hai Than in 1941 to seek independence for Vietnam from France. ... The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) was a military component of the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam (commonly known as South Vietnam). ... A Viet Cong soldier, heavily guarded, awaits interrogation following capture in the attacks on Saigon during the festive Tet holiday period of 1968. ... Operation Menu was the codename for the American bombing of North Vietnamese strongholds and supply lines in Cambodia during the Vietnam War in 1969. ... Operation Malheur I and Operation Malheur II were a series of military actions conducted by the United States army during the Vietnam War, from May to August of 1967. ... Quảng Ngãi is a city in central Vietnam. ... There have been two military efforts codenamed Pegasus, one in 1944 and the other in 1968. ... Khe Sanh is the district capital of HÆ°á»›ng Hoá District, Quảng Trị Province, Vietnam, located 63 km west of Đông Hà. Khe Sanh Combat Base was a U.S. Marine outpost in South Vietnam , (MGRS 48QXD850418) used during the Vietnam War. ... The Phoenix Program, known as Kế Hoạch Phụng Hoàng (a word related to fenghuang, the Chinese phoenix) in Vietnamese, was a covert intelligence operation undertaken by the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in close collaboration with South Vietnamese intelligence during the Vietnam War. ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... National Liberation Front (NLF) flag NLF prisoner The National Front for the Liberation of Southern Vietnam (Vietnamese Mặt Trận Giải Phóng Miền Nam Việt Nam), also known as the National Liberation Front (NLF) and as Front National de Libert... In military terms, a demilitarized zone (DMZ) is an area, usually the frontier or boundary between two or more groups, where military activity is not permitted, usually by treaty or other agreement. ... Operation Linebacker was the name of a United States military operation during the Vietnam War. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i)  , estimated population 3,083,800 (2004), is the capital of Vietnam. ... Haiphong (Vietnamese: Hải Phòng, Chinese 海防, HÇŽifáng) is the third most populous city in Vietnam. ... Haiphong (Vietnamese: Hải Phòng, Chinese 海防, HÇŽifáng) is the third most populous city in Vietnam. ... Operation Ranch Hand was a part of the Vietnam War, lasting from 1962 until 1971. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... U.S. Military planes cropdusting in Vietnam during Operation Ranch Hand Operation Ranch Hand was a U.S. Military operation during part of the Vietnam War, lasting from 1962 until 1971. ... Operation Rolling Thunder (also known as the Rolling Thunder Program, in terminology of the McNamara Department of Defense) was the code name for a U.S. military campaign during the Vietnam War, the bombing of North Vietnam by air units of the U.S. Seventh Air Force, Task Force 77... The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN), or less commonly, Vietnamese Democratic Republic (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cá»™ng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was proclaimed by Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi, September 2nd1945 and was recognized by the Peoples Republic of China and the... The Sealords Operational Theater Operation Sealords was a military operation that took place during the Vietnam War. ... View of the Mekong before the sunset The Mekong is one of the worlds major rivers. ... During the Vietnam War, Operation Starlite was the first engagement of a major regiment-sized Communist unit by the Americans. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... Military history records no less than four events called Operation Sunrise. ... Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành Chí Minh) is the largest city in Vietnam, located near the delta of the Mekong River. ... Operation Tailwind was a covert incursion into southeastern Laos by a company-size element (Hatchet Force) of the Military Assistance Command, Vietnam Studies and Observations Group (MACSOG or SOG) on 11 September 1970, during the Vietnam Conflict. ... Also known as Nerve agents, it is the term used for a type of chemical warfare substance that interferes with the transmission of nerve impulses. ... The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) was a military component of the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam (commonly known as South Vietnam). ... Operation Union was a military operation that took place in the Vietnam War. ... Operation Vulture was the name of the proposed American operation that would rescue French forces at Dien Bien Phu in 1954 via B-52 raids. ... The Viet Minh (abbreviated from Việt Nam ộc Lập ồng Minh Hội, League for the Independence of Vietnam) was formed by Ho Ngoc Lam and Nguyen Hai Than in 1941 to seek independence for Vietnam from France. ... Dien Bien Phu (Điện Biên Phủ) is a small town in northwestern Vietnam in the province of Điện Biên. ...

Southern Africa

  • Askari (1983) — South African attack on SWAPO and FAPLA forces in Angola.
  • Carlota (1977) — Cuban Deployment to counter South African attacks to Angola.
  • Carnation (1981) — South African skirmishes with SWAPO forces along the Angolan border.
  • Dingo (1977) — Rhodesian attack on camps in Mozambique.
  • Klipklop (1980) — South African disruption of SWAPO logistics in Angola.
  • Meebos (1982) — South African destruction of SWAPO's "East Front" HQ at Mupa, Angola.
  • Phoenix (1983) — South African response to mass SWAPO infiltration of South-West Africa
  • Protea (1981) — South African attack on SWAPO bases near Ongiva and Xangongo, Angola.
  • Reindeer (1978) — South African airborne attack on SWAPO base at Cassinga, Angola.
  • Rekstok (1979) — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Angola.
  • Safraan (1979) — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Zambia.
  • Savannah (1975-76) — South African intervention in Angola in support of the FNLA.
  • Sceptic (1980) — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Angola.

Operation Askari was a military operation by the South African Defence Force (SADF) during the South African Border War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... FAPLA or Forças Armadas Populares de Libertação de Angola (Peoples Armed Forces for the Liberation of Angola) was originally the armed wing of the Angolan MPLA movement but later became the countrys official armed forces when the MPLA took control of the government. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... During the long-running insurrection in Rhodesia, Operation Dingo was a major raid conducted by the Rhodesian Armed Services on 23 November 1977 against camps at Tembue and Chimoio in Mozambique. ... Image File history File links Flag of Rhodesia, 1965–1968. ... During the Bush war between the Republic of South Africa and SWAPO, Operation Kilpklop was a July, 1980 South African attack on enemy facilities in Angola. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... South-West Africa is the former name (1884-1990) of Namibia under German (as German South-West Africa, Deutsch Süd-West Afrika) and (from 1915) South African administration when it was conquered from the Germans during World War I. Following the war, the Treaty of Versailles declared the territory... Operation Protea was a military operation by the South African Defence Force during the South African Border War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... Operation Reindeer, which took place on 4 May 1978, was South Africas first major military operation in Angola. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... The South-West Africa Peoples Organisation (SWAPO) was founded, along with a number of other groups, as a liberation organisation: following the first world war, South-West Africa — formerly a German colony — was turned over to South Africa to rule as a mandate for the British. ... During the Bush War between the Republic of South Africa and SWAPO, Operation Rekstok was a series of South African raids into southern Angola in March, 1979. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... During the Bush War between the Republic of South Africa and SWAPO, Operation Safraan was a series of South African raids into the Caprivi Strip area in Angola. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... The South-West Africa Peoples Organisation (SWAPO) was founded, along with a number of other groups, as a liberation organisation: following the first world war, South-West Africa — formerly a German colony — was turned over to South Africa to rule as a mandate for the British. ... Operation Savannah was the name given to the South African Defence Forces 1975 - 1976 invasion of Angola during the South African Border War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... External links Party website Categories: Politics stubs | Angolan political parties ... During the Bush War between the Republic of South Africa and SWAPO, Operation Sceptic was described in 1980 as being the largest sweep during the fighting up to that time. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ...

Falklands War (1982)

Combatants United Kingdom Argentina Casualties 258 killed [1] 777 wounded 59 taken prisoner 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner The Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas) was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich... Operation Rosario was the name given to the Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands on the morning of 1 April 1982. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Operation Algeciras was a failed plan conceived by the Argentinian military to covertly sabotage a British Royal Navy warship in Gibraltar during the Falklands War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... A. 21:30 1 April - The Type 42 destroyer ARA Santisima Trinidad begins loading marines of the Amphibious Commandos Group into 21 small inflatable motor boats. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Operation Corporate was the codename given to the 1982 British military involvement in the Falkland Islands during the Falklands War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Paraquat was the code-word for the British military operation to recapture the Island of South Georgia from Argentine military control in April 1982. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During the Falklands War, Operations Black Buck 1 to Black Buck 6 were a series of six extremely long-range bombing attacks by Royal Air Force Vulcan bombers against Argentine positions in the Falkland Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During the Falklands War, Operation Canbelow was a planned British anti-aircraft ambush conducted on the night of 5 June 1982 off the western Falkland Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... During the liberation of the Falkland Islands in 1982, Operation Keyhole was a British special operation on South Georgia Island in the South Atlantic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Operation Purple Warrior was a British military exercise conducted in south west Scotland in November, 1987. ... During the 1982 Falklands War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ...

Post-Cold War

Asia

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Combatants India Pakistan, Kashmiri secessionists Strength 30,000 5,000 Casualties Indian Estimates: ~600 killed,[1] ~1400 wounded 1 taken Prisoner by Pakistan Pakistani Estimates: 800 killed,[2] 2200 wounded[2] Estimates: 4000+ casualties [3] [4] Pakistani Estimates: 700[5]–3000 killed[6][7] 8 taken Prisoners by India The... An Indian Air Force Ilyushin Il-76 transport aircraft that was used to paradrop Indian troops in Male. ...

Rwanda

  • Amphibian (2001) — South African deployment to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda of observers to verify implementation of the Pretoria Agreement.
  • Clean Corridor (1994) — escort of Tutsi military forces to Kigali by UNAMIR.
  • Entebbe (1994) — Italian codename for Rwanda refugees rescue
  • Ippocampo (1994) — Italian codename for Italian civilians evacuation from Rwanda
  • Silver Back (1994) — International codename for civilian evacuation in Rwanda
  • Tamar (1994) — Australian contribution to peacekeeping in Rwanda.
  • Turquoise (1994) — French led intervention in Rwanda to protect displaced persons.

Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... The Tutsi are one of three native peoples of the nations of Rwanda and Burundi in central Africa, the other two being the Twa and the Hutu. ... Kigali, population 603,049 (2002 census), is the capital city of Rwanda and its largest city, lying in the centre of the nation. ... The United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) was a relief mission instituted by the United Nations. ... Operation Entebbe, also known as the Entebbe incident, was a rescue mission performed by Israels elite Sayeret Matkal to free hostages at the Entebbe Airport in Uganda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Opération Turquoise was the a French military operation in Rwanda in 1994-1995. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ...

Other Africa

Operation Addition was the name given to the Canadian contribution to United Nations peacekeeping forces in Ethiopia and Eritrea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... The UNMEE (United Nations Mission To Ethiopia and Eritrea) was originally formed to monitor a ceasefire in the border war that began in 1998 between Ethiopia and Eritrea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... The United Nations Mission In Sudan or UNMIS is the mission of the United Nation designed to provide humanitarian support the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed by the government of Sudan and the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement on January 9, 2005. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The South African Defense Force Invasion of Lesotho, codenamed Operation Boleas, was a military invasion launched by the South African government in 1998 into the neighbouring country of Lesotho to quell a suspected coup. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Botswana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_African_Union. ... Anthem: Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together Capital Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Membership 53 member states Official languages The languages of Africa, as well as Arabic, English, French, Portuguese and Swahili Formation - As Organisation of African Unity - As AU - May 25, 1963 - July 9, 2002 Chairman of the African Union... Darfur (Arabic دار فور, meaning home of the Fur) is a region of far western Sudan, bordering the Central African Republic, Libya, and Chad. ... Operation Deliverance was a Canadian Forces military operation initiated in 1992, supported by the United Nations, which turned into a disaster for the CF, causing the disbandment of the Canadian Airborne Regiment and numerous dismissals and resignations along the chain of command up to the Minister of Defence. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zimbabwe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... MONUC is a French acronym for Mission de l Organisation des Nations unies en République démocratique du Congo, in English: Mission of the United Nations (UN) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). ... MONUC is a French acronym for Mission de l Organisation des Nations unies en République démocratique du Congo, in English: Mission of the United Nations (UN) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... UNMIL is the acronym for the United Nations Mission in Liberia, a peace-keeping force for Liberia, which was established by Resolution 1509 of the United Nations Security Council in 2003. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Siya-so Home Industries area in Mbare township before Operation Murambatsvina Operation Murambatsvina (Shona: Operation Drive Out Trash), also officially known as Operation Restore Order, is a large scale Zimbabwean government campaign to forcibly clear slum areas across the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zimbabwe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... The United Nations Mission In Sudan or UNMIS is the mission of the United Nation designed to provide humanitarian support the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed by the government of Sudan and the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement on January 9, 2005. ... Operation Phillis was the British service-assisted evacuation operation for British citizens in Côte dIvoire in 2004. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... On December 3, 1992 the UN Security Council Resolution 794 was unanimously passed, creating the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), which was to work in coordination with UNOSOM. This was an unprecedented resolution because it authorized Member States to “use all necessary means to establish as soon as possible a secure... Operation Sharp Edge was carried out by the United States Marine Corps 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit in mid-1990 amid increasing internal unrest which threatened U.S. diplomats and civilians in Liberia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Operation Shining Express was the July, 2003 deployment of a U.S. Naval task force based around the amphibious ship USS Kearsarge to rescue civilians from Liberias civil war. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Australian soldiers prepare to board a United States Marine Corps helicopter in Somalia Operation Solace was the Australian Defence Forces main contribution to humanitarian efforts in Somalia in 1992. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... The South African Navy (SAN), known in Afrikaans as Suid-Afrikaanse Vloot is the navy of South Africa. ... Greenpeace is an international environmental organization founded in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in 1971. ... General Name, Symbol, Number plutonium, Pu, 94 Chemical series actinides Group, Period, Block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery white Atomic mass (244) g/mol Electron configuration [Rn] 5f6 7s2 Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2 Physical properties Phase solid Density (near r. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... The South African National Defence Force (SANDF) is the name of the South African armed forces. ... DRC may stand for: Democratic Republic of the Congo Dancing Robot Contest Danish Refugee Council (drc. ...

East Timor

  • Astute (2006) — Deployment of Australian military forces to East Timor following the May 2006 civil unrest.
  • Citadel — Australia's contribution to the United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor (UNMISET). Later ongoing peacekeeping actions were known as Operation Tanager.
  • Faber — Deployment of United Nations military observers to East Timor in support of the UNAMET-monitored popular consultation.
  • Poinciana (1975) — Or Operasi Flamboyan (a name of a tropical tree); seaborne capture of Dili in 1975.
  • Stabilise — Also spelled as Operation Stabilize; Disarming of militas by multinational forces and the imposition of security and order in East Timor.
  • Scorched Earth — Or Operasi Sapu Bersih in Indonesian, also known as Operation Clean Sweep; campaign of violence and arson allegedly committed by the TNI-supervised pro-integration militias following the 1999 United Nations supervised plebiscite.
  • Spitfire — Evacuation of foreign nationals from East Timor by Australian defence assets, as a result of post-referendum violence.

It has been suggested that Timeline of Operation Astute be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Battle of Kursk Conflict World War II Date July 4, 1943 - July 22, 1943 Place Kursk, USSR Result Indecisive The Battle of Kursk was a significant battle on the Eastern Front of World War II. It remains the largest armored engagement of all time, and included the most costly single... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Timor. ... The Australian Defence Force numbers about 53,000 full-time active duty personnel plus another 20,700 reservists. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... Dili, also spelled Díli, Dilli or Dilly, is the capital of East Timor. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... TNI stands for: Transnational Institute Tentara Nasional Indonesia (Indonesian); see Military of Indonesia. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Old Farts by the Sometimes-United Nations. ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... INTERFET (standing for INTERnational Force East Timor) was a multinational peacekeeping taskforce, mandated by the United Nations to address the humanitarian and security crisis which took place in East Timor from 1999-2000 until the arrival of United Nations peacekeepers. ... The United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) provided an interim civil administration and a peacekeeping mission in the territory of East Timor. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... INTERFET (standing for INTERnational Force East Timor) was a multinational peacekeeping taskforce, mandated by the United Nations to address the humanitarian and security crisis which took place in East Timor from 1999-2000 until the arrival of United Nations peacekeepers. ...

War in Croatia 1991-1995

  • Operation Otkos 10 (end Oct-Nov 1991) — Croatian actions against rebel Serbs and regular Serbian forces on area from Mount Bilogora to Mount Papuk (on west of Slavonia)
  • Harmony — Canada's contribution to the United Nation Protection Force (UNPROFOR), which was created in February 1992 to ensure the protection and demilitarization of three UN Protected Areas in Croatia
  • Operation Tigar (July 1992) — Croatian military actions in occupied Dubrovnik hinterland, held by Serbomontenegrian regulars.
  • Medački džep (September 1993) Croatian offensive against rebel Serbs with aim of relieving the city of Gospić from Serb shelling attacks.
  • Bljesak ("Flash") (March 1995) — Croatian offensive against rebel Serbs, with aim of capturing occupied western Slavonia
  • Oluja ("Storm") (August 1995) — Croatian major offensive against areas under control of rebel Serbs.

After the attacking forces of the 5th Yugoslav Peoples Army (JNA) corps (Banja Luka corps) had successfully crossed Sava river into Croatia captured Okučani in western Slavonia it was their primary objective to advance along Pakrac - Grubišno Polje route and link up with th 28th partisan division... Operation Harmony was the name given to the Canadian participation in the United Nation Protection Force (UNPROFOR) in Bosnia in 1992. ... In military terms, a demilitarized zone (DMZ) is an area, usually the frontier or boundary between two or more groups, where military activity is not permitted, usually by treaty or other agreement. ... Combatants Croatia rebel Republic of Serbian Krajina UN Canadian troops Commanders general Janko Bobetko Lieutenant-Colonel James Calvin Strength N/A 875 Canadian troops Casualties 27 soldiers killed 11 UN deaths 29-38 Serbs killed {{{notes}}} Operation Medak Pocket [Croatian version] (Croatian: Medački džep) was a military operation... Combatants Croatia Republic of Serbian Krajina Commanders Croatian Military Command Strength 7,200 soldiers 5000 soldiers Casualties 55 killed, 162 wounded 250 killed, 1,500 POW Operation Flash (Croatian: ) was a brief and successful offensive conducted in the beginning of May 1995 by the the Croatian Army, which removed Serb... Combatants Croatia Republic of Serbian Krajina Commanders general Zvonimir Červenko general Mile Mrkšić Strength 150,000 soldiers, 350 tanks, 800 artillery pieces, 50 rocket launchers, 30 aircraft and helicopters 40,000 soldiers, 200 tanks, 350 artillery pieces, 25 rocket launchers, 20 aircraft and helicopters Casualties 174 soldiers killed, 1...

War in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-1995

During the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Operation Bøllebank was the largest combat operation by Danish forces since 1864. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... “Operation Deliberate Force” was a sustained air campaign conducted by NATO to undermine the military capability of Bosnian Serb who threatened or attacked UN designated safe areas in Bosnia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_NATO.svg The flag of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[1] (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ... Beginning in December 1995, US and other nations deployed peacekeeping forces to Bosnia in support of Operation Joint Endeavor. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_NATO.svg The flag of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[1] (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_NATO.svg The flag of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[1] (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ... Members of the Dutch, French, German and U.S. military watch as an Italian honour guard hoists the new Stabilisation Force flag during the Stabilisation Force (SFOR) activation ceremony in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the 20 of December 1996 Pocket badge of the SFOR The Stabilisation Force (SFOR) was... Operation Joint Forge was the name given to the operations of the NATO Follow-On Force in Bosnia beginning on 20 June 1998. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_NATO.svg The flag of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[1] (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ...

Kosovo War 1999

  • Allied Force (1999) — NATO's air campaign in Yugoslavia
  • Megaphone — Canada's return of equipment used in Kosovo
  • Potkova ("Horseshoe") (1999) — Yugoslav army offensive against the KLA
  • Quadrant — Canada's mission in Kosovo

An USAF F-15E takes off from Aviano, Italy Operation Allied Force aka Kosovo-NATO War was NATOs military operation against Federal Republic of Yugoslavia that lasted from 24 March to 11 June 1999 and is considered a major part of Kosovo War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_NATO.svg The flag of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). ... Official language Serbian written in Cyrillic alphabet1 Capital Belgrade2 President3 Svetozar Marović Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 105th 102,350 km² 0. ... Operation Megaphone was the name given to the Canadian capture of an American merchant ship in the Atlantic in August 2000. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_FR_Yugoslavia. ... The KLA insignia The Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA or UÇK; Albanian: Ushtria Çlirimtare e Kosovës) was a group of Albanian militants which operated in Kosovo during the late 1990s. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ...

War in Macedonia

Operation Essential Harvest (or Task Force Harvest) was officially launched on August 22, 2001 and effectively started on August 27. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_NATO.svg The flag of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). ... Anthem: Transliteration: English: Capital Skopje Largest city Skopje Macedonian, Albanian1 Government Parliamentary republic  - President Branko Crvenkovski  - Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski Independence from Yugoslavia   - Declared September 8, 1991  Area  - Total 25,333 km² (148th) 9,779 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Operation Kinetic was the name given to the deployment of 1,400 Canadian soldiers to Kosovo as part of the overall NATO effort in 1999 to stabilize the region. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Pocket badge of the KFOR Ukrainian soldier on foot patrolling in Serbian village near Brezovica KFOR vehicle of the French Army The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international force responsible for establishing and maintaining security in Kosovo. ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Humanitarianism is the view that all people should be treated with the respect and dignity they deserve as human beings, and that advancing the well-being of humanity is a noble goal. ... Operation Echo was the codename given by the Canadian military for its activities in Bosnia in support of the NATO operation Joint Forge in 1998. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Aviano, 46°04′ N 12°35′ E, is a town and comune of Pordenone province at the foot of the Dolomites mountain range in northern Italy. ... A No-Fly Zone is a territory over which aircraft generally or certain unauthorized aircraft are not permitted to fly. ... The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe southeastern Europe (see the Definitions and boundaries section below). ...

Haiti

  • Constable (1997) — Canada's contribution to the United Nations Mission in Haiti
  • Uphold Democracy (1994-1995) — U.S. led multinational force, replaced by United Nations Mission in Haiti or UNMIH
  • New Horizon (1995-1996) — U.S. mission in support (and under the command) of United Nations Mission in Haiti
  • Secure Tomorrow (2004) — U.S. led multinational force, authorized by the UN as the Multinational Interim Force (MIF) which was replaced by the United Nations Stabilization Mission In Haiti or MINUSTAH

Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Operation Uphold Democracy began in September 1994 with the deployment of the U.S.-led multinational force. ... Operation Uphold Democracy began in September 1994 with the deployment of the U.S.-led multinational force. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ...

Iraq

  • Provide Comfort (1991) — security and humanitarian aid to Kurds in northern Iraq
    • Airone (1991) — Italian codename for Operation Provide Comfort

Operation Provide Comfort was a military operation by the United States, starting on 24 July 1991, to defend Kurds fleeing their homes in northern Iraq in the aftermath of the Persian Gulf War. ... Kurds are one of the Iranian peoples and speak Kurdish, a north-Western Iranian language related to Persian. ...

Persian Gulf War
  • Desert Shield (1990-91) — American buildup prior to Gulf War
  • Desert Storm (1991) — Gulf War
    • Granby — British codename for operations during Gulf War
    • Daguet — French codename for operations during Gulf War
    • Damask Royal Australian Navy deployment to the Persian Gulf.
    • Tempesta nel Deserto — Italian codename for operation during Gulf War
    • Desert Sabre — Proposed Marine landing on the coast of Iraq.
    • Determination (early 1998) — Canadian deployment in the Persian Gulf to force Iraq to comply with United Nations inspection agreements.
  • Ace Guard (1991) — The (NATO) Allied Command Europe Mobile Force for Turkey South Border Reinforcement (based at Diyarbakir AFB)
  • Northern Watch (1990s) — northern No-Fly Zone over Iraq
  • Provide Comfort (1991) — relief effort in northern Iraq.
  • Record (1991) — Canadian mission to secure Iraqi-Kuwaiti border
  • Southern Watch (1990s)