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Encyclopedia > List of largest empires

This article provides a list of the largest empires in world history. This article is about the political and historical term. ... For the history of Earth which includes the time before human existence, see History of Earth. ...

Contents

Definition

Main article: Empire

An empire is a state that extends dominion over areas and populations distinct culturally and ethnically from the culture/ethnicity at the center of power. This article is about the political and historical term. ... For other uses, see State (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ... The term Ethnicity redirects here. ... In the context of international relations and diplomacy, power (sometimes clarified as international power, national power, or state power) is the ability of one state to influence or control other states. ...


Difficulties in measuring and comparing empires

Empires are all individual in character, having been formed in widely different times under widely different political structures. In fact, the term Empire as stated above does not imply any particular form of government. Whether a nation is or was called an empire is also not relevant to whether it is considered an empire for the purposes of this article. This article is about the political and historical term. ...


The calculation of the land area of a particular empire is controversial. In particular, there is the question of whether a particular empire can be considered to have laid claim to an area that is sparsely populated, or not populated at all. For example, some researchers believe Persian empire, which is the largest empire of ancient world, is also the largest empire of world in every time, by considering it from China to Africa and from Persian gulf to Siberia at its largest extent. In general, this list errs on the side of including any land area that was explored and explicitly claimed, even if the areas were very sparsely populated or unpopulated. For example, a large portion of Northern Siberia is not included in the size of the Mongol Empire. The Mongol Empire's northern border was somewhat ill-defined, but in most places it was simply the natural border between the steppe and the taiga. Occupied areas north of this are included in the area of the empire, but at the time the majority of the taiga and tundra were unexplored and uninhabited. This area was only very sparsely populated by the Russian Empire, but it had been explicitly claimed by the Russian Empire by the 1600s, and its extent had been entirely explored by the late 1800s. Similarly, the northernmost Canadian islands such as Ellesmere Island were explored and claimed by the British Empire by the mid 1800s (virtually the entire mainland was at least sparsely populated well before that). No claims on mainland Antarctica are included in the area of any of the empires. Persia redirects here. ... The span of recorded history is roughly 5,000-5,500 years, with cuneiform possibly being the oldest form of writing. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... Expansion of the Mongol Empire Historical map of the Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire, also known as the Mongolian Empire (Mongolian: , Mongolyn Ezent Güren; 1206–1405) was the largest contiguous empire in history and for sometime was the most feared in Eurasia. ... This article is about the ecological zone type. ... For other uses, see Taiga (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Taiga (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tundra (disambiguation). ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ...


Due to the historical trend of increasing population and GDP, the list of largest empires in these categories is highly dependent on which relatively recent political entities are defined as empires. The measures of population and GDP as a percentage of the world total take into account this historical growth, although decent GDP data is only available for the last few centuries, accurate only for the last decades. GDP is an acronym which can stand for more than one thing: (in economics) an abbreviation for Gross Domestic Product. ...


Largest empires by landmass

Ancient empires

  1. Achaemenid Persian Empire of Iran - 7.5 million km² (under Darius the Great)
  2. Han Chinese Empire - 6 million km²
  3. Roman Empire - 5.9 million km² (under Emperor Trajan)
  4. Macedonian Empire - 5.4 million km² (under Alexander the Great)
  5. Maurya Magadha Empire - 5 million km² (under Ashoka the Great)
  6. Hunnic Empire - 4 million km² (under Attila the Hun in 441)
  7. Seleucid Empire - 3.9 million km²
  8. Gupta Magadha Empire - 3.5 million km² (under Chandragupta II in 400)
  9. Sassanid Persian Empire - 3.5 million km²[1] (under Khosrau II in 626)
  10. Parthian Empire - 2.84 million km² (Under Mithridates II 123–88 BCE)
  11. Median Empire - 2.8 million km²
  12. Neo-Assyrian Empire - 1.4 million km²
  13. Aksumite Empire - 1.25 million km²[1]
  14. Egyptian Empire - 1 million km²
  15. Akkadian Empire - 650,000 km²
  16. Neo-Babylonian Empire - 500,000 km²
  17. Armenian Empire - 400,000 km²

For the span of recorded history starting roughly 5,000-5,500 years ago, see Ancient history. ... Founder of empires: Cyrus, The Great is still revered in modern Iran as he was in all the successor Persian Empires. ... Persia redirects here. ... Seal of Darius I, showing the king hunting on his chariot, and the symbol of Ahuramazda Darius the Great (Pers. ... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220... China is the worlds oldest continuous major civilization, with written records dating back about 3,500 years and with 5,000 years being commonly used by Chinese as the age of their civilization. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Roman Emperor. ... Ancient Macedons regions and towns Macedon or Macedonia (Greek ) was the name of an ancient kingdom in the northern-most part of ancient Greece, bordered by the kingdom of Epirus to the west and the region of Thrace to the east. ... For the film of the same name, see Alexander the Great (1956 film). ... The Mauryan dynasty ruled the Mauryan empire, the first unified empire of India, from 322 BCE to 183 BCE. The rulers of the Mauryan dynasty were: Chandragupta Maurya (322 - 298 BCE) - founder of the Mauryan empire. ... Magadha was one of the four main kingdoms of India at the time of Buddha, having risen to power during the reigns of Bimbisara (c. ... Allegiance: Magadhan Empire Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Dasaratha Maurya Reign: 273 BC-232 BC Place of birth: Pataliputra, India Battles/Wars Kalinga War Emperor Ashoka the Great (Devanagari: अशोक(:); IAST transliteration: , pronunciation: ) (304 BC–232 BC) (Imperial Title:Devanampiya Piyadassi ie He who is the beloved of the Gods who, in... The Hunnic Empire stretched from the steppes of Central Asia into modern Germany, and from the Black Sea to the Baltic Sea Hunnic Empire, the empire of the Huns. ... Attila redirects here. ... The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic successor state of Alexander the Greats dominion. ... The Gupta dynasty ruled the Gupta Empire of India, from around 320 to 550. ... Magadha was one of the four main kingdoms of India at the time of Buddha, having risen to power during the reigns of Bimbisara (c. ... Coins of Chandragupta II. The period of prominence of the Gupta dynasty is very often referred to as the Golden Age of India. ... The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty (Persian: []) is the name used for the third Iranian dynasty and the second Persian Empire (226–651). ... Persia redirects here. ... Gold coin of Khosrau II. Silver coin of Khosrau II, dating to ca. ... Parthia at its greatest extent under Mithridates II (123–88 BC) Capital Ctesiphon, Ecbatana Government Monarchy [[Category:Former monarchies}}|Parthia, 247 BC]] History  - Established 247 BC  - Disestablished 220 AD Parthian votive relief. ... The name Mithridates (more accurately, Mithradates) is the Hellenized form of the Indo-Aryan Mithra-Datt, which means One given by Mithra. Mithra is the Indo-Aryan sun-god and Datt (given by) derives from the Proto-Indo-European root da (to give). That name was born by a large... Mede nobility. ... Map of the Neo-Assyrian Empire and its expansions. ... The Kingdom of Aksum (or Axum, Geez አክሱም), was an important trading nation in northeastern Africa, growing from the proto-Aksumite period ca. ... The New Kingdom is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BCE and the 11th century BC, covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties of Egypt. ... The Akkadian Empire usually refers to the Semitic speaking state that grew up around the city of Akkad north of Sumer, and reached its greatest extent under Sargon of Akkad. ... Through the centuries of Assyrian domination, Babylonia enjoyed a prominent status, or revolting at the slightest indication that it did not. ... Kingdom of Armenia at its greatest extent under the Artaxiad Dynasty after the conquests of Tigranes the Great, 80 BC. Capital Tigranakert Language(s) Armenian Political structure Empire History  - Established 190 BC  - Disestablished 66 BC The Kingdom of Armenia (or Greater Armenia) was an independent kingdom from 190 BC to...

Medieval empires

  1. Mongol Empire - 33.2 million km² (under Khublai Khan in 1268)
  2. Umayyad Arab Empire - 13.2 million km²
  3. Rashidun Arab Empire - 9 million km² (under Caliph Uthman in 654)[2]
  4. Ming Chinese Empire - 6.5 million km²
  5. Tang Chinese Empire - 5.4 million km²
  6. Byzantine Empire/Eastern Roman Empire - 4.5 million km² (called themselves the Roman Empire
  7. Mughal Empire - 4 million km² (under Aurangzeb in 1690)
  8. Seljuq Empire - 3.9 million km²
  9. Sassanid Persian Empire - 3.5 million km²[1] (under Khosrau II in 626)
  10. Ghaznavid Empire - 3.4 million km²
  11. Pala Empire - 3.2 million km² (under Devapala)
  12. Delhi Sultanate - 3.2 million km²
  13. Kalmar Union - 3 million km²
  14. Khazar Empire - 3 million km²
  15. Chola Empire - 2.6 million km² (under Rajendra Chola I)
  16. Inca Empire (Tahuantinsuyu) - 2 million km² (Under Atahualpa in 1532)
  17. Songhai Empire - 1.4 million km² (in 1500)[3]
  18. Aksumite/Ethiopian Empire - 1.25 million km²[1]
  19. Srivijaya Empire - 1.2 million km²
  20. Frankish Empire - 1.2 million km²
  21. Mali Empire - 1.1 million km²[1]
  22. Harsha's empire - 1 million km² (under Harsha Vardhana in 648)
  23. Almoravid Empire - 1 million km²
  24. Khmer Empire - 1 million km²
  25. Grand Duchy of Lithuania - 930,000 km² (under Vytautas the Great in 1430)
  26. Bulgarian Empire - 700,000 km² (under Tsar Simeon I)
  27. Vijayanagara Empire - 360,000 km²
  28. Serbian Empire - 200,000 km²

The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Expansion of the Mongol Empire Historical map of the Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire, also known as the Mongolian Empire (Mongolian: , Mongolyn Ezent Güren; 1206–1405) was the largest contiguous empire in history and for sometime was the most feared in Eurasia. ... Kublai Khan or Khubilai Khan (1215 – 1294), Mongol military leader, was Khan (1260-1294) of the Mongol Empire and founder and first Emperor (1279-1294) of the Chinese Yuan Dynasty. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... The Arab Empire at its greatest extent The Arab Empire usually refers to the following Caliphates: Rashidun Caliphate (632 - 661) Umayyad Caliphate (661 - 750) - Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate Umayyad Emirate in Islamic Spain (750 - 929) Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in Islamic Spain (929 - 1031) Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258... The Islamic Empire (بلاد الإسلامية ) or Rashidun Empire or Rashidun Caliphate ( خلافت راشدہ) is the term conventionally used to describe the Empire controlled by the first four successors of Muhammad (the Rightly Guided caliphs). ... The Arab Empire at its greatest extent The Arab Empire usually refers to the following Caliphates: Rashidun Caliphate (632 - 661) Umayyad Caliphate (661 - 750) - Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate Umayyad Emirate in Islamic Spain (750 - 929) Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in Islamic Spain (929 - 1031) Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258... Uthman, Othman, Osman, Usman, or Ozman (Arabic: عثمان) is a male Arabic given name meaning the chosen one amongst the tribe of brave and noble people, honest, caring, sincere, genuine, and attractive. The following people share this name: Uthman Ibn Affan Osman I Uthman I, a Marinid caliph Usman dan Fodio... Events King Reccaswinth issues Visigothic law code. ... For other uses, see Ming. ... China is the worlds oldest continuous major civilization, with written records dating back about 3,500 years and with 5,000 years being commonly used by Chinese as the age of their civilization. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... China is the worlds oldest continuous major civilization, with written records dating back about 3,500 years and with 5,000 years being commonly used by Chinese as the age of their civilization. ... Byzantine redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Byzantine Empire. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Capital Delhi / Agra Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai, Turkish; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707 Aurangzeb History  - Established April 21, 1526  - Ended September 21, 1857 Area... Aurangzeb (Persian: (full title Al-Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abdul Muzaffar Muhiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Bahadur Alamgir I, Padshah Ghazi) (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707), also known by his chosen Imperial title Alamgir I (Conqueror of the Universe) (Persian: ), was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from... The Seljuqs (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuk, sometimes also Seljuq Turks; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān; in Arabic سلجوق SaljÅ«q, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a Muslim dynasty of Oghuz Turkic descent[1][2][3][4] that ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East... The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty (Persian: []) is the name used for the third Iranian dynasty and the second Persian Empire (226–651). ... Persia redirects here. ... Gold coin of Khosrau II. Silver coin of Khosrau II, dating to ca. ... The Ghaznavid Empire (سلسله غزنویان in Persian) was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 962 to 1187. ... Buddha and Bodhisattvas, 11th century, Pala Empire. ... Devapala (rule: 810 AD - 850 AD) was a powerful king of Pala dynasty of Bengal. ... The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... The Kalmar Union flag. ... The Khazars (Hebrew Kuzari כוזרי Kuzarim כוזרים; Turkish Hazar Hazarlar; Russian Хазарин Хазары; Tatar sing Xäzär Xäzärlär; Crimean Tatar: ; Greek Χαζάροι/Χάζαροι; Persianخزر khazar; Latin Gazari or Cosri) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia, many of whom converted to Judaism. ... The Chola Dynasty (Tamil: , IPA: ) was a Tamil dynasty that ruled primarily in southern India until the 13th century. ... Rajendra Chola I was the son of Rajaraja Chola I, the great Chola king of South India. ... For the a general view of Inca civilisation, people and culture, see Incas. ... Lifetime portrait of Atahuallpa, the last sovereign Inca emperor Atahualpa or Atawallpa (c. ... Events May 16 - Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England. ... The Songhai Empire, (ca. ... The Kingdom of Aksum (or Axum, Geez አክሱም), was an important trading nation in northeastern Africa, growing from the proto-Aksumite period ca. ... This article is about the African country. ... Map of Southeast Asia at end of 12th century. ... The Frankish Empire was the territory of the Franks, from the 5th to the 10th centuries, from 481 ruled by Clovis I of the Merovingian Dynasty, the first king of all the Franks. ... Extent of the Mali Empire (ca. ... Harsha or Harshavardhana (606-648) was an Indian emperor who ruled northern India as paramount monarch for over forty years. ... Harsha or Harshavardhana (606-648) was an Indian emperor who ruled northern India as paramount monarch for over forty years. ... Almoravides (From Arabic المرابطون sing. ... Map of Asia and Europe circa 1200 C.E. and the golden age of Khmer Empire. ... The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: , Ruthenian: Wialikaje Kniastwa Litowskaje, Ruskaje, Å»amojckaje, Belarusian: , Ukrainian: , Polish: , Latin: ) was an Eastern and Central European state of the 12th[1] /13th century until the 18th century. ... Vytautas the Great, 17th century painting Trakai Island Castle Vytautas the Great (Lithuanian:  ; Belarusian: ; Polish: ; Ruthenian: Vitovt; German: ; Latin: Alexander Vitoldus; ca. ... First Bulgarian Empire Second Bulgarian Empire This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. ... Simeon (also Symeon)[1] I the Great (Bulgarian: , transliterated Simeon I Veliki;[2] IPA: ) ruled over Bulgaria from 893 to 927,[3] during the First Bulgarian Empire. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... The Serbian Empire (Serbian: Српско Царство, Srpsko Carstvo) was a medieval empire in the Balkans that emerged from the medieval Serbian kingdom in the 14th century. ...

Modern empires

  1. British Empire - 36.6 million km² (under King George V in 1922)
  2. Russian Empire - 22.8 million km² (under Alexander II in 1867)
  3. Spanish Empire - 19 million km² (under Charles III)
  4. French Empire - 12.5 million km²
  5. Qing Chinese Empire - 12 million km² (under Emperor Qianlong)
  6. Portuguese Empire - 10.4 million km²
  7. United States of America - 10 million km² (1898-1902 and 1906-1908)
  8. Brazilian Empire - 8.1 million km²[4]
  9. Japanese Empire - 7.4 million km² (during World War II)
  10. Ottoman Empire - 5,5 million km² (under Mehmed IV in 1680)
  11. Mughal Empire - 4 million km²
  12. Italian Empire - 3.8 million km² (during World War II)
  13. Dutch Empire - 3.7 million km²
  14. Nazi German Empire - 3.6 million km² (during World War II)
  15. German Empire - 3.5 million km² (under Wilhelm II before WWI)
  16. Afsharid Empire - 3.32 million km² (under Nadir Shah)
  17. Safavid Persian/Iranian Empire - 2.85 million km²
  18. Belgian Empire - 2.5 million km²
  19. Qajar Persian/Iranian Empire- 2.3 million km²
  20. Thai Empire - 1.12 million km² (under Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke in 1782)
  21. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth - 990,000 km² (under Sigismund III in 1619)
  22. Austro-Hungarian Empire - 676,615 km²
  23. Majapahit-Empire - 4.5 million km2 (under Hayam Wuruk/Brhe Vijaya IV

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into modernity. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was the first British monarch belonging to the House of Windsor, which he created from the British branch of the German House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Alexander (Aleksandr) II Nikolaevich (Russian: Александр II Николаевич) (Moscow, 29 April 1818 – 13 March 1881 in St. ... An anachronous map of the overseas Spanish Empire (1492-1898) in red, and the Spanish Habsburg realms in Europe (1516-1714) in orange. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The term French Empire can refer to: The First French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte (1804 - 1814 or 1815) The Second French Empire of Napoleon III (1852 - 1870) The Second French Colonial Empire (1830 - 1960) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... China is the worlds oldest continuous major civilization, with written records dating back about 3,500 years and with 5,000 years being commonly used by Chinese as the age of their civilization. ... The Qianlong Emperor (born Hongli, September 25, 1711 – February 7, 1799) was the fifth emperor of the Manchu Qing Dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China. ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ... The Empire of Brazil was a political entity that comprised present-day Brazil under the rule of Emperors Pedro I and his son Pedro II. Founded in 1822, it was replaced by a republic in 1889. ... Anthem Kimi ga Yo Imperial Reign Capital Tokyo Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1868–1912 Emperor Meiji  - 1912–1926 Emperor Taishō  - 1926–1989 Emperor Shōwa Prime Minister  - 1885-1888, 1892-1896, 1898, 1900-1901 Itō Hirobumi  - 1888-1889 Kuroda Kiyotaka  - 1889-1891 Yamagata Aritomo  - 1906-1908, 1911-1912 Saionji Kinmochi... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Ottoman redirects here. ... Sultan Mehmed IV Mehmed IV (also known as Dördüncü, fourth, and Avci, hunter) (January 2, 1642–1693) (Arabic: محمد الرابع) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. ... Capital Delhi / Agra Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai, Turkish; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707 Aurangzeb History  - Established April 21, 1526  - Ended September 21, 1857 Area... The Italian empire in 1940 The Italian Empire was a 20th century empire, which lasted from 9 May 1936 to September 1943. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A map showing the territory that the Netherlands held at various points in history. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For German colonial territories, see German Colonial Empire. ... William II, in German Wilhelm II (born Frederick William Albert Victor [Friedrich Wilhelm Albert Viktor]) (27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (German: Wilhelm II., Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen English: German Kaiser and King of Prussia ), ruling both... WWI may be an acronym for: World War I World Wrestling Industry This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Afsharid Dynasty (1723-1735) Bronze statue of Nader Shah, by Master Sadighi. ... Nadir Shah’s portrait from the collection of Smithsonian Institute Nadir Shah (Persian: نادر شاه) (Nadir Qoli Beg (Persian: نادر قلی بیگ), also Tahmasp-Qoli Khan (Persian: تهماسپ قلی خان) also Nadir Shah Afshar (Persian: نادر شاه افشار) ) (October 22, 1688 - June 19, 1747) ruled as Shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the short-lived Turkic Afsharid... Safavid Empire at its Greatest Extent After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Safavids (Persian: ; Azerbaijani: ) were an Iranian[1] Shia dynasty of mixed Azerbaijani[2] and Kurdish[3] origins, which ruled Persia from 1501/1502 to 1722. ... Persia redirects here. ... Map of the Belgian colonial empire The Belgian colonial empire was the set of colonies of Belgium, lasting from 1901 to 1962. ... edit The Qajar dynasty ( ) (Persian: - or دودمان قاجار) was a ruling Persian dynasty[1] of Turkic descent[2], that ruled Iran (Persia) from 1781 to 1925. ... Persia redirects here. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... His Majesty King Rama I of Siam (portrait in the National History Museum, Bangkok) Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke or Rama I the Great, was king of Thailand from 1782 to 1809. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coronation... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ...

All empires

  1. British Empire - 36.6 million km²[4] (under King George V in 1922)
  2. Mongol Empire - 33.2 million km²[1] (under Kublai Khan in 1268)
  3. Russian Empire - 22.8 million km² (under Nicholas II in 1895)
  4. Spanish Empire - 19 million km²[4] (under King Charles III r. 1759-1788)
  5. Umayyad Arab Caliphate - 13.2 million km²[4] (under Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik r. 723-743)
  6. French Empire - 12.5 million km²[4] (under President Albert Lebrun in 1938)
  7. Qing Empire - 12 million km²[5] (under Emperor Qianlong)
  8. Portuguese Empire - 10.4 million km²[4]
  9. United States of America - 10 million km² [6] (1898-1934)
  10. Rashidun Arab caliphate - 9 million km² (under Caliph Uthman Ibn Affan r. 644-656)[2]
  11. Brazilian Empire - 8.1 million km²[4]
  12. Achaemenid Persian Empire - 7.5 million km²[7] (under Darius the Great)
  13. Japanese Empire - 7.4 million km²[4] (during World War II, under the Showa Emperor)
  14. Ming Empire - 6.5 million km²[1] (under the Jingtai Emperor in 1450)
  15. Han Empire - 6 million km²[1]
  16. Roman Empire - 5.9 million km²[4] (under Emperor Trajan)
  17. Ottoman Empire - 5.5 million km² (under Mehmed IV in 1680)
  18. Macedonian Empire - 5.4 million km²[4] (under Alexander the Great)
  19. Tang Empire - 5.4 million km²[1] (under the Xuanzong Emperor in 715)
  20. Maurya Empire - 5 million km²[1] (under Ashoka the Great)
  21. Mughal Empire - 5 million km²[4](under Aurangzeb in 1690)
  22. Mexican Empire - 4.5 million km²[1]
  23. Byzantine Empire (under Justinian I) - 4.5 million km²[1]
  24. Timurid Empire - 4.4 million km²[1]
  25. Hunnic Empire - 4 million km²[1] (under Attila the Hun in 441)
  26. Seljuq Empire - 3.9 million km²[1]
  27. Seleucid Empire - 3.9 million km²[1]
  28. Italian Empire - 3.8 million km² (during World War II)
  29. Dutch Empire - 3.7 million km²[4]
  30. Nazi German Empire - 3.6 million km²[4] (during World War II)
  31. German Empire - 3.5 million km² (under Wilhelm II before WWI)
  32. Gupta Empire - 3.5 million km²[1] (under Chandragupta II in 400)
  33. Sassanid Persian Empire - 3.5 million km²[1] (under Khosrau II in 626)
  34. Ghaznavid Empire - 3.4 million km²[1]
  35. Afsharid Empire - 3.23 million km² (under Nadir Shah)
  36. Pala Empire - 3.2 million km² (under Devapala)
  37. Delhi Sultanate - 3.2 million km²[1]
  38. Khazar Empire - 3 million km²[1]
  39. Safavid Empire - 2.85 million km²
  40. Parthian Empire - 2.84 million km² (Under Mithridates II 123–88 BCE)
  41. Median Empire - 2.8 million km²[1]
  42. Chola Empire - 2.6 million km²[8] (under Rajendra Chola I)
  43. Denmark-Norway - 2.6 million km²
  44. Belgian Empire - 2.5 million km²[1]
  45. Qajar Empire - 2.3 million km²
  46. Incan Empire - 2 million km² (Under Atahualpa in 1532)
  47. Songhai Empire - 1.4 million km² (in 1500)[9]
  48. Neo-Assyrian Empire - 1.4 million km²[1]
  49. Aksumite Empire - 1.25 million km²[1]
  50. Srivijaya Empire - 1.2 million km²[1]
  51. Frankish Empire - 1.2 million km²[1]
  52. Thai Empire - 1.12 million km² (under Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke in 1782)
  53. Mali Empire - 1.1 million km²[1]
  54. Swedish Empire - 1.1 million km²
  55. Maratha Empire- 1 million km²
  56. Harsha Empire - 1 million km²[1] (under Harsha Vardhana in 648)
  57. Egyptian Empire - 1 million km²[1]
  58. Almoravid Empire - 1 million km²[1]
  59. Khmer Empire - 1 million km²[1]
  60. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth - 990,000 km² (under Sigismund III in 1619)
  61. Grand Duchy of Lithuania - 930,000 km² (under Vytautas the Great in 1430)
  62. Bulgarian Empire - 700,000 km² (under Tsar Simeon I)
  63. Austro-Hungarian Empire - 676,615 km² [10]
  64. Akkadian Empire - 650,000 km²[11]
  65. Durrani Empire - 600,000 km²
  66. Neo-Babylonian Empire - 500,000 km²[11]
  67. Armenian Empire - 400,000 km²
  68. Vijayanagara Empire - 360,000 km²[12]
  69. Serbian Empire - 200,000 km²

The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... Expansion of the Mongol Empire Historical map of the Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire, also known as the Mongolian Empire (Mongolian: , Mongolyn Ezent Güren; 1206–1405) was the largest contiguous empire in history and for sometime was the most feared in Eurasia. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Nicholas II redirects here. ... An anachronous map of the overseas Spanish Empire (1492-1898) in red, and the Spanish Habsburg realms in Europe (1516-1714) in orange. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... The Arab Caliphate could refer to: The Umayyad Caliphate The Abbasid Caliphate Category: ... Archaeological remains of a palace built in Hishams honor just north of present-day Jericho Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik (691–6 February 743) (Arabic: هشام بن عبد الملك) was an Umayyad caliph who ruled from 723 until his death in 743. ... For the French colonial postage stamps, see French Colonies. ... Albert Lebrun (August 29, 1871 - March 6, 1950) was a French politician, President of France from 1932 to 1940, and as such was the last president of the Third Republic. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... The Qianlong Emperor (born Hongli, September 25, 1711 – February 7, 1799) was the fifth emperor of the Manchu Qing Dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China. ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ... The Islamic Empire (بلاد الإسلامية ) or Rashidun Empire or Rashidun Caliphate ( خلافت راشدہ) is the term conventionally used to describe the Empire controlled by the first four successors of Muhammad (the Rightly Guided caliphs). ... The Arab Caliphate could refer to: The Umayyad Caliphate The Abbasid Caliphate Category: ... For main article see: Caliphate The Caliph (pronounced khaleef in Arabic) is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, an Islamic community ruled by the Sharia. ... For other uses of the name, see Uthman. ... The Empire of Brazil was a political entity that comprised present-day Brazil under the rule of Emperors Pedro I and his son Pedro II. Founded in 1822, it was replaced by a republic in 1889. ... Founder of empires: Cyrus, The Great is still revered in modern Iran as he was in all the successor Persian Empires. ... Persia redirects here. ... Seal of Darius I, showing the king hunting on his chariot, and the symbol of Ahuramazda Darius the Great (Pers. ... Anthem Kimi ga Yo Imperial Reign Capital Tokyo Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1868–1912 Emperor Meiji  - 1912–1926 Emperor Taishō  - 1926–1989 Emperor Shōwa Prime Minister  - 1885-1888, 1892-1896, 1898, 1900-1901 Itō Hirobumi  - 1888-1889 Kuroda Kiyotaka  - 1889-1891 Yamagata Aritomo  - 1906-1908, 1911-1912 Saionji Kinmochi... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Shōwa is the name of several places, times, people and things in Japan. ... For other uses, see Ming. ... Zhu Qiyu (September 21, 1428–March 14, 1457) ruled the Ming Dynasty from 1449 to 1457 as the Jingtai Emperor. ... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Roman Emperor. ... Ottoman redirects here. ... Sultan Mehmed IV Mehmed IV (also known as Dördüncü, fourth, and Avci, hunter) (January 2, 1642–1693) (Arabic: محمد الرابع) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. ... This article is about the ancient kingdom in Greece. ... For the film of the same name, see Alexander the Great (1956 film). ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Xuanzong can be the name of the following Chinese emperors: Emperor Xuanzong of Tang China (reign: 712-756) Emperor Xuanzong II of Tang China (reign: 846-859) Xuande Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (reign: 1425-1435) Daoguang Emperor of the Qing Dynasty (reign: 1820-1850) This is a disambiguation page... A representation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which was erected around 250 BCE. It is the emblem of India. ... Allegiance: Magadhan Empire Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Dasaratha Maurya Reign: 273 BC-232 BC Place of birth: Pataliputra, India Battles/Wars Kalinga War Emperor Ashoka the Great (Devanagari: अशोक(:); IAST transliteration: , pronunciation: ) (304 BC–232 BC) (Imperial Title:Devanampiya Piyadassi ie He who is the beloved of the Gods who, in... Capital Delhi / Agra Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai, Turkish; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707 Aurangzeb History  - Established April 21, 1526  - Ended September 21, 1857 Area... Aurangzeb (Persian: (full title Al-Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abdul Muzaffar Muhiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Bahadur Alamgir I, Padshah Ghazi) (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707), also known by his chosen Imperial title Alamgir I (Conqueror of the Universe) (Persian: ), was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from... The Mexican Empire was the name of Mexico on two non-consecutive occasions in the 19th century when it was ruled by an Emperor. ... Byzantine redirects here. ... Justinian may refer to: Justinian I, a Roman Emperor; Justinian II, a Byzantine Emperor; Justinian, a storeship sent to the convict settlement at New South Wales in 1790. ... Flag of the Timurid Empire according to the Catalan Atlas c. ... The Hunnic Empire stretched from the steppes of Central Asia into modern Germany, and from the Black Sea to the Baltic Sea Hunnic Empire, the empire of the Huns. ... Attila redirects here. ... The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq;in Turkish Selçuklu, in Persian سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān ; in Arabic سلجوق SaljÅ«q, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa;) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turkics and a dynasty that ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to 14th... The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic successor state of Alexander the Greats dominion. ... The Italian empire in 1940 The Italian Empire was a 20th century empire, which lasted from 9 May 1936 to September 1943. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A map showing the territory that the Netherlands held at various points in history. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For German colonial territories, see German Colonial Empire. ... William II, in German Wilhelm II (born Frederick William Albert Victor [Friedrich Wilhelm Albert Viktor]) (27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (German: Wilhelm II., Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen English: German Kaiser and King of Prussia ), ruling both... WWI may be an acronym for: World War I World Wrestling Industry This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Gupta Empire under Chandragupta II (ruled 375-415) The Gupta Empire was one of the largest political and military empires in the world. ... Coins of Chandragupta II. The period of prominence of the Gupta dynasty is very often referred to as the Golden Age of India. ... The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty (Persian: []) is the name used for the third Iranian dynasty and the second Persian Empire (226–651). ... Persia redirects here. ... Gold coin of Khosrau II. Silver coin of Khosrau II, dating to ca. ... The Ghaznavid Empire (سلسله غزنویان in Persian) was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 962 to 1187. ... Afsharid Dynasty (1723-1735) Bronze statue of Nader Shah, by Master Sadighi. ... Nadir Shah’s portrait from the collection of Smithsonian Institute Nadir Shah (Persian: نادر شاه) (Nadir Qoli Beg (Persian: نادر قلی بیگ), also Tahmasp-Qoli Khan (Persian: تهماسپ قلی خان) also Nadir Shah Afshar (Persian: نادر شاه افشار) ) (October 22, 1688 - June 19, 1747) ruled as Shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the short-lived Turkic Afsharid... Buddha and Bodhisattvas, 11th century, Pala Empire. ... The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... The Khazars (Hebrew Kuzari כוזרי Kuzarim כוזרים; Turkish Hazar Hazarlar; Russian Хазарин Хазары; Tatar sing Xäzär Xäzärlär; Crimean Tatar: ; Greek Χαζάροι/Χάζαροι; Persianخزر khazar; Latin Gazari or Cosri) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia, many of whom converted to Judaism. ... Safavid Empire at its Greatest Extent After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Safavids (Persian: ; Azerbaijani: ) were an Iranian[1] Shia dynasty of mixed Azerbaijani[2] and Kurdish[3] origins, which ruled Persia from 1501/1502 to 1722. ... Parthia at its greatest extent under Mithridates II (123–88 BC) Capital Ctesiphon, Ecbatana Government Monarchy [[Category:Former monarchies}}|Parthia, 247 BC]] History  - Established 247 BC  - Disestablished 220 AD Parthian votive relief. ... The name Mithridates (more accurately, Mithradates) is the Hellenized form of the Indo-Aryan Mithra-Datt, which means One given by Mithra. Mithra is the Indo-Aryan sun-god and Datt (given by) derives from the Proto-Indo-European root da (to give). That name was born by a large... Mede nobility. ... The Chola Dynasty (Tamil: , IPA: ) was a Tamil dynasty that ruled primarily in southern India until the 13th century. ... Rajendra Chola I was the son of Rajaraja Chola I, the great Chola king of South India. ... The Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, consisting of Denmark and Norway, including Norways possessions Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, is a term used for the two united kingdoms after their amalgamation as one state in 1536. ... Map of the Belgian colonial empire The Belgian colonial empire was the set of colonies of Belgium, lasting from 1901 to 1962. ... edit The Qajar dynasty ( ) (Persian: - or دودمان قاجار) was a ruling Persian dynasty[1] of Turkic descent[2], that ruled Iran (Persia) from 1781 to 1925. ... For other meanings of Inca, see Inca (disambiguation). ... Lifetime portrait of Atahuallpa, the last sovereign Inca emperor Atahualpa or Atawallpa (c. ... Events May 16 - Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England. ... The Songhai Empire, (ca. ... Map of the Neo-Assyrian Empire and its expansions. ... The Kingdom of Aksum (or Axum, Geez አክሱም), was an important trading nation in northeastern Africa, growing from the proto-Aksumite period ca. ... Map of Southeast Asia at end of 12th century. ... The Frankish Empire was the territory of the Franks, from the 5th to the 10th centuries, from 481 ruled by Clovis I of the Merovingian Dynasty, the first king of all the Franks. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... His Majesty King Rama I of Siam (portrait in the National History Museum, Bangkok) Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke or Rama I the Great, was king of Thailand from 1782 to 1809. ... Extent of the Mali Empire (ca. ... Sweden between the years 1611 and 1718 is known as the Swedish Empire. ... Flag of the Maratha Empire Extent of the Maratha Empire ca. ... Harsha or Harshavardhana (606-648) was an Indian emperor who ruled northern India as paramount monarch for over forty years. ... Harsha or Harshavardhana (606-648) was an Indian emperor who ruled northern India as paramount monarch for over forty years. ... The New Kingdom is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BCE and the 11th century BC, covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties of Egypt. ... Almoravides (From Arabic المرابطون sing. ... Map of Asia and Europe circa 1200 C.E. and the golden age of Khmer Empire. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coronation... The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: , Ruthenian: Wialikaje Kniastwa Litowskaje, Ruskaje, Å»amojckaje, Belarusian: , Ukrainian: , Polish: , Latin: ) was an Eastern and Central European state of the 12th[1] /13th century until the 18th century. ... Vytautas the Great, 17th century painting Trakai Island Castle Vytautas the Great (Lithuanian:  ; Belarusian: ; Polish: ; Ruthenian: Vitovt; German: ; Latin: Alexander Vitoldus; ca. ... First Bulgarian Empire Second Bulgarian Empire This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. ... Simeon (also Symeon)[1] I the Great (Bulgarian: , transliterated Simeon I Veliki;[2] IPA: ) ruled over Bulgaria from 893 to 927,[3] during the First Bulgarian Empire. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... The Akkadian Empire usually refers to the Semitic speaking state that grew up around the city of Akkad north of Sumer, and reached its greatest extent under Sargon of Akkad. ... The Durrani Empire was a larger state that included modern Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of eastern Iran and western India. ... Through the centuries of Assyrian domination, Babylonia enjoyed a prominent status, or revolting at the slightest indication that it did not. ... Kingdom of Armenia at its greatest extent under the Artaxiad Dynasty after the conquests of Tigranes the Great, 80 BC. Capital Tigranakert Language(s) Armenian Political structure Empire History  - Established 190 BC  - Disestablished 66 BC The Kingdom of Armenia (or Greater Armenia) was an independent kingdom from 190 BC to... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... The Serbian Empire (Serbian: Српско Царство, Srpsko Carstvo) was a medieval empire in the Balkans that emerged from the medieval Serbian kingdom in the 14th century. ...

Contiguous empires

  1. Mongol Empire - 33.2 million km² (under Khublai Khan in 1268)
  2. Russian Empire - 22.8 million km² (under Nicholas II in 1895)
  3. Umayyad Arab caliphate - 13.2 million km²
  4. Qing Empire - 12 million km² (under Emperor Qianlong)
  5. Rashidun Arab caliphate - 9 million km² (under Caliph Uthman in 654)[2]
  6. Brazilian Empire - 8.1 million km²[4]
  7. Achaemenid Persian Empire - 7.5 million km² (under Darius the Great)
  8. Ming Empire - 6.5 million km²
  9. Han Empire - 6 million km²
  10. Ottoman Empire - 5.5 million km² (under Mehmed IV in 1680)
  11. Macedonian Empire - 5.4 million km² (under Alexander the Great)
  12. Tang Empire - 5.4 million km²
  13. Maurya Empire - 5 million km² (under Ashoka the Great)
  14. Mexican Empire - 4.7 million km²
  15. Byzantine Empire/Eastern Roman Empire - 4.5 million km²
  16. Mughal Empire - 4 million km² (under Aurangzeb in 1690)
  17. Hunnic Empire - 4 million km² (under Attila the Hun in 441)
  18. Seljuq Empire - 3.9 million km²
  19. Seleucid Empire - 3.9 million km²
  20. Nazi German Empire - 3.6 million km² (during World War II)
  21. Gupta Empire - 3.5 million km² (under Chandragupta II in 400)
  22. Sassanid Persian Empire - 3.5 million km²[1] (under Khosrau II in 626)
  23. Ghaznavid Empire - 3.4 million km²
  24. Afsharid Empire - 3.23 million km² (under Nadir Shah)
  25. Pala Empire - 3.2 million km² (under Devapala)
  26. Delhi Sultanate - 3.2 million km²
  27. Khazar Empire - 3 million km²
  28. Safavid Empire - 2.85 million km²
  29. Parthian Empire - 2.84 million km² (Under Mithridates II 123–88 BCE)
  30. Median Empire - 2.8 million km²
  31. Qajar Empire - 2.3 million km²
  32. Tahuantinsuyu - 2 million km² (Under Atahualpa in 1532)
  33. Neo-Assyrian Empire - 1.4 million km²
  34. Aksumite Empire - 1.25 million km²[1]
  35. Frankish Empire - 1.2 million km²
  36. Thai Empire - 1.12 million km² (under Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke in 1782)
  37. Mali Empire - 1.1 million km²[1]
  38. Harsha Empire - 1 million km² (under Harsha Vardhana in 648)
  39. Egyptian Empire - 1 million km²
  40. Almoravid Empire - 1 million km²
  41. Khmer Empire - 1 million km²
  42. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth - 990,000 km² (under Sigismund III in 1619)
  43. Bulgarian Empire - 700,000 km² (under Tsar Simeon I)
  44. Akkadian Empire - 650,000 km²
  45. Austro-Hungarian Empire - 600,000 km² [10]
  46. Neo-Babylonian Empire - 500,000 km²
  47. Vijayanagara Empire - 360,000 km²
  48. Serbian Empire - 200,000 km²

This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... Expansion of the Mongol Empire Historical map of the Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire, also known as the Mongolian Empire (Mongolian: , Mongolyn Ezent Güren; 1206–1405) was the largest contiguous empire in history and for sometime was the most feared in Eurasia. ... Kublai Khan or Khubilai Khan (1215 – 1294), Mongol military leader, was Khan (1260-1294) of the Mongol Empire and founder and first Emperor (1279-1294) of the Chinese Yuan Dynasty. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Nicholas II redirects here. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... The Arab Caliphate could refer to: The Umayyad Caliphate The Abbasid Caliphate Category: ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... The Qianlong Emperor (born Hongli, September 25, 1711 – February 7, 1799) was the fifth emperor of the Manchu Qing Dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China. ... The Islamic Empire (بلاد الإسلامية ) or Rashidun Empire or Rashidun Caliphate ( خلافت راشدہ) is the term conventionally used to describe the Empire controlled by the first four successors of Muhammad (the Rightly Guided caliphs). ... The Arab Caliphate could refer to: The Umayyad Caliphate The Abbasid Caliphate Category: ... Uthman, Othman, Osman, Usman, or Ozman (Arabic: عثمان) is a male Arabic given name meaning the chosen one amongst the tribe of brave and noble people, honest, caring, sincere, genuine, and attractive. The following people share this name: Uthman Ibn Affan Osman I Uthman I, a Marinid caliph Usman dan Fodio... Events King Reccaswinth issues Visigothic law code. ... The Empire of Brazil was a political entity that comprised present-day Brazil under the rule of Emperors Pedro I and his son Pedro II. Founded in 1822, it was replaced by a republic in 1889. ... Founder of empires: Cyrus, The Great is still revered in modern Iran as he was in all the successor Persian Empires. ... Persia redirects here. ... Seal of Darius I, showing the king hunting on his chariot, and the symbol of Ahuramazda Darius the Great (Pers. ... For other uses, see Ming. ... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220... Ottoman redirects here. ... Sultan Mehmed IV Mehmed IV (also known as Dördüncü, fourth, and Avci, hunter) (January 2, 1642–1693) (Arabic: محمد الرابع) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. ... Ancient Macedons regions and towns Macedon or Macedonia (Greek ) was the name of an ancient kingdom in the northern-most part of ancient Greece, bordered by the kingdom of Epirus to the west and the region of Thrace to the east. ... For the film of the same name, see Alexander the Great (1956 film). ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... A representation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which was erected around 250 BCE. It is the emblem of India. ... Allegiance: Magadhan Empire Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Dasaratha Maurya Reign: 273 BC-232 BC Place of birth: Pataliputra, India Battles/Wars Kalinga War Emperor Ashoka the Great (Devanagari: अशोक(:); IAST transliteration: , pronunciation: ) (304 BC–232 BC) (Imperial Title:Devanampiya Piyadassi ie He who is the beloved of the Gods who, in... The Mexican Empire was the name of Mexico on two non-consecutive occasions in the 19th century when it was ruled by an Emperor. ... Byzantine redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Byzantine Empire. ... Capital Delhi / Agra Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai, Turkish; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707 Aurangzeb History  - Established April 21, 1526  - Ended September 21, 1857 Area... Aurangzeb (Persian: (full title Al-Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abdul Muzaffar Muhiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Bahadur Alamgir I, Padshah Ghazi) (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707), also known by his chosen Imperial title Alamgir I (Conqueror of the Universe) (Persian: ), was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from... The Hunnic Empire stretched from the steppes of Central Asia into modern Germany, and from the Black Sea to the Baltic Sea Hunnic Empire, the empire of the Huns. ... Attila redirects here. ... The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq;in Turkish Selçuklu, in Persian سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān ; in Arabic سلجوق SaljÅ«q, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa;) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turkics and a dynasty that ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to 14th... The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic successor state of Alexander the Greats dominion. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Gupta Empire under Chandragupta II (ruled 375-415) The Gupta Empire was one of the largest political and military empires in the world. ... Coins of Chandragupta II. The period of prominence of the Gupta dynasty is very often referred to as the Golden Age of India. ... The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty (Persian: []) is the name used for the third Iranian dynasty and the second Persian Empire (226–651). ... Persia redirects here. ... Gold coin of Khosrau II. Silver coin of Khosrau II, dating to ca. ... The Ghaznavid Empire (سلسله غزنویان in Persian) was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 962 to 1187. ... Afsharid Dynasty (1723-1735) Bronze statue of Nader Shah, by Master Sadighi. ... Nadir Shah’s portrait from the collection of Smithsonian Institute Nadir Shah (Persian: نادر شاه) (Nadir Qoli Beg (Persian: نادر قلی بیگ), also Tahmasp-Qoli Khan (Persian: تهماسپ قلی خان) also Nadir Shah Afshar (Persian: نادر شاه افشار) ) (October 22, 1688 - June 19, 1747) ruled as Shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the short-lived Turkic Afsharid... Buddha and Bodhisattvas, 11th century, Pala Empire. ... Devapala (rule: 810 AD - 850 AD) was a powerful king of Pala dynasty of Bengal. ... The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... The Khazars (Hebrew Kuzari כוזרי Kuzarim כוזרים; Turkish Hazar Hazarlar; Russian Хазарин Хазары; Tatar sing Xäzär Xäzärlär; Crimean Tatar: ; Greek Χαζάροι/Χάζαροι; Persianخزر khazar; Latin Gazari or Cosri) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia, many of whom converted to Judaism. ... Safavid Empire at its Greatest Extent After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Safavids (Persian: ; Azerbaijani: ) were an Iranian[1] Shia dynasty of mixed Azerbaijani[2] and Kurdish[3] origins, which ruled Persia from 1501/1502 to 1722. ... Parthia at its greatest extent under Mithridates II (123–88 BC) Capital Ctesiphon, Ecbatana Government Monarchy [[Category:Former monarchies}}|Parthia, 247 BC]] History  - Established 247 BC  - Disestablished 220 AD Parthian votive relief. ... The name Mithridates (more accurately, Mithradates) is the Hellenized form of the Indo-Aryan Mithra-Datt, which means One given by Mithra. Mithra is the Indo-Aryan sun-god and Datt (given by) derives from the Proto-Indo-European root da (to give). That name was born by a large... Mede nobility. ... edit The Qajar dynasty ( ) (Persian: - or دودمان قاجار) was a ruling Persian dynasty[1] of Turkic descent[2], that ruled Iran (Persia) from 1781 to 1925. ... For the a general view of Inca civilisation, people and culture, see Incas. ... Lifetime portrait of Atahuallpa, the last sovereign Inca emperor Atahualpa or Atawallpa (c. ... Events May 16 - Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England. ... Map of the Neo-Assyrian Empire and its expansions. ... The Kingdom of Aksum (or Axum, Geez አክሱም), was an important trading nation in northeastern Africa, growing from the proto-Aksumite period ca. ... The Frankish Empire was the territory of the Franks, from the 5th to the 10th centuries, from 481 ruled by Clovis I of the Merovingian Dynasty, the first king of all the Franks. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... His Majesty King Rama I of Siam (portrait in the National History Museum, Bangkok) Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke or Rama I the Great, was king of Thailand from 1782 to 1809. ... Extent of the Mali Empire (ca. ... Harsha or Harshavardhana (606-648) was an Indian emperor who ruled northern India as paramount monarch for over forty years. ... Harsha or Harshavardhana (606-648) was an Indian emperor who ruled northern India as paramount monarch for over forty years. ... The New Kingdom is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BCE and the 11th century BC, covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties of Egypt. ... Almoravides (From Arabic المرابطون sing. ... Map of Asia and Europe circa 1200 C.E. and the golden age of Khmer Empire. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coronation... First Bulgarian Empire Second Bulgarian Empire This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. ... Simeon (also Symeon)[1] I the Great (Bulgarian: , transliterated Simeon I Veliki;[2] IPA: ) ruled over Bulgaria from 893 to 927,[3] during the First Bulgarian Empire. ... The Akkadian Empire usually refers to the Semitic speaking state that grew up around the city of Akkad north of Sumer, and reached its greatest extent under Sargon of Akkad. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Through the centuries of Assyrian domination, Babylonia enjoyed a prominent status, or revolting at the slightest indication that it did not. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... The Serbian Empire (Serbian: Српско Царство, Srpsko Carstvo) was a medieval empire in the Balkans that emerged from the medieval Serbian kingdom in the 14th century. ...

Maritime empires

  1. British Empire - 36.6 million km² (under King George V in 1922)
  2. Spanish Empire - 19 million km² (under King Charles III)
  3. French Empire - 12.5 million km²
  4. Portuguese Empire - 10.4 million km²
  5. United States of America - 10 million km² (1898-1902 and 1906-1908)
  6. Japanese Empire - 7.4 million km² (during World War II)
  7. Italian Empire - 3.8 million km² (during World War II)
  8. Dutch Empire - 3.7 million km²
  9. German Empire - 3.5 million km² (under Wilhelm II before WWI)
  10. Tongan Empire - 3 million km² (15th century)
  11. Chola Empire - 2.6 million km² (under Rajendra Chola I)
  12. Belgian Empire - 2.5 million km²
  13. Srivijaya Empire - 1.2 million km²

The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was the first British monarch belonging to the House of Windsor, which he created from the British branch of the German House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... An anachronous map of the overseas Spanish Empire (1492-1898) in red, and the Spanish Habsburg realms in Europe (1516-1714) in orange. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... For the French colonial postage stamps, see French Colonies. ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ... Anthem Kimi ga Yo Imperial Reign Capital Tokyo Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1868–1912 Emperor Meiji  - 1912–1926 Emperor Taishō  - 1926–1989 Emperor Shōwa Prime Minister  - 1885-1888, 1892-1896, 1898, 1900-1901 Itō Hirobumi  - 1888-1889 Kuroda Kiyotaka  - 1889-1891 Yamagata Aritomo  - 1906-1908, 1911-1912 Saionji Kinmochi... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Italian empire in 1940 The Italian Empire was a 20th century empire, which lasted from 9 May 1936 to September 1943. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A map showing the territory that the Netherlands held at various points in history. ... For German colonial territories, see German Colonial Empire. ... William II, in German Wilhelm II (born Frederick William Albert Victor [Friedrich Wilhelm Albert Viktor]) (27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (German: Wilhelm II., Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen English: German Kaiser and King of Prussia ), ruling both... WWI may be an acronym for: World War I World Wrestling Industry This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Tui Tonga Empire was a powerful Oceanian empire. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... The Chola Dynasty (Tamil: , IPA: ) was a Tamil dynasty that ruled primarily in southern India until the 13th century. ... Rajendra Chola I was the son of Rajaraja Chola I, the great Chola king of South India. ... Map of the Belgian colonial empire The Belgian colonial empire was the set of colonies of Belgium, lasting from 1901 to 1962. ... Map of Southeast Asia at end of 12th century. ...

Largest empires by population

Population estimates are unknown for many other ancient empires not listed here.


Population size

  1. British Empire - 531.3 million (in 1938)[13]
  2. Qing Empire - 432 million (in 1912)[14]
  3. Russian Empire - 176.4 million (in 1913)[10]
  4. Mughal Empire - 175 million (in 1700)[15]
  5. Ming Empire - 160 million (in 1600)[14]
  6. United States of America - 146.4 million (in 1942)[13]
  7. Japanese Empire - 134.8 million (in 1938)[13]
  8. French Empire - 112.9 million (in 1938)[13]
  9. Mongol Empire - 110 million (in the 13th century)[16]
  10. Dutch Empire had 80 million people living within its boudaries in 1940.
  11. Nazi German Empire - 75.4 million (in 1938)[13]
  12. Spanish Empire - 64.2 million[17]
  13. Umayyad Arab Empire - 62 million (in the 7th century)[18]
  14. Han Empire - 60 million (in 2 AD)[19]
  15. Roman Empire - 60 million (in 1st century AD)[20]
  16. Song Empire - 59 million (in 1000)[14]
  17. Italian Empire - 51.9 million (in 1938)[13]
  18. Austro-Hungarian Empire - 50.6 million (in 1913)[10]
  19. Maurya Empire - 50 million (in the 2nd century BC)[21]
  20. Achaemenid Persian Empire - 42 million (in the 4th century BC)[15]
  21. Rashidun Arab Empire - 40.3 million (in the 7th century)[22][23][15]
  22. Ottoman Empire - 39 million (in the 17th century)[24]
  23. Belgian Empire - 35.3 million (before Congolese independence, 1960)
  24. Byzantine Empire/Eastern Roman Empire - 34 million (5th-6th centuries)[25]
  25. Vijayanagara Empire - 25 million (in the 16th century)[12]
  26. Portuguese Empire - 14.7 million (in 1913)[10]
  27. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth - 10.5 million (in 1619)

The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Capital Delhi / Agra Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai, Turkish; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707 Aurangzeb History  - Established April 21, 1526  - Ended September 21, 1857 Area... For other uses, see Ming. ... Anthem Kimi ga Yo Imperial Reign Capital Tokyo Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1868–1912 Emperor Meiji  - 1912–1926 Emperor Taishō  - 1926–1989 Emperor Shōwa Prime Minister  - 1885-1888, 1892-1896, 1898, 1900-1901 Itō Hirobumi  - 1888-1889 Kuroda Kiyotaka  - 1889-1891 Yamagata Aritomo  - 1906-1908, 1911-1912 Saionji Kinmochi... For the French colonial postage stamps, see French Colonies. ... Expansion of the Mongol Empire Historical map of the Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire, also known as the Mongolian Empire (Mongolian: , Mongolyn Ezent Güren; 1206–1405) was the largest contiguous empire in history and for sometime was the most feared in Eurasia. ... A map showing the territory that the Netherlands held at various points in history. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... An anachronous map of the overseas Spanish Empire (1492-1898) in red, and the Spanish Habsburg realms in Europe (1516-1714) in orange. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... The Arab Empire at its greatest extent The Arab Empire usually refers to the following Caliphates: Rashidun Caliphate (632 - 661) Umayyad Caliphate (661 - 750) - Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate Umayyad Emirate in Islamic Spain (750 - 929) Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in Islamic Spain (929 - 1031) Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Bianjing (汴京) (960–1127) Linan (臨安) (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960–976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou... The Italian empire in 1940 The Italian Empire was a 20th century empire, which lasted from 9 May 1936 to September 1943. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... A representation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which was erected around 250 BCE. It is the emblem of India. ... Founder of empires: Cyrus, The Great is still revered in modern Iran as he was in all the successor Persian Empires. ... Persia redirects here. ... The Islamic Empire (بلاد الإسلامية ) or Rashidun Empire or Rashidun Caliphate ( خلافت راشدہ) is the term conventionally used to describe the Empire controlled by the first four successors of Muhammad (the Rightly Guided caliphs). ... The Arab Empire at its greatest extent The Arab Empire usually refers to the following Caliphates: Rashidun Caliphate (632 - 661) Umayyad Caliphate (661 - 750) - Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate Umayyad Emirate in Islamic Spain (750 - 929) Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in Islamic Spain (929 - 1031) Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258... Ottoman redirects here. ... Map of the Belgian colonial empire The Belgian colonial empire was the set of colonies of Belgium, lasting from 1901 to 1962. ... Byzantine redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Byzantine Empire. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Percentage of world population

  1. Qing Empire - 36.6% (381 million out of 1.041 billion in 1820)[14]
  2. Maurya Empire - 33.3% (50 million out of 150 million[26] in the 2nd century BC)
  3. Umayyad Arab Empire - 29.5% (62 million out of 210 million[26] in the 7th century)
  4. Mughal Empire - 29.2% (175 million out of 600 million[27] in 1700)
  5. Ming Empire - 28.8% (160 million out of 556.2 million in 1600)[14]
  6. Achaemenid Persian Empire - 27.6% (42 million out of 152 million in the 4th century BC)[15]
  7. Han Empire - 26.5% (59.6 million out of 226 million[14] in 2 AD)
  8. Roman Empire - 26.5% (60 million out of 226 million[14] in the 1st century AD)
  9. Mongol Empire - 25.6% (110 million out of 429 million[15] in the 13th century)
  10. British Empire - 23.15% (531.3 million out of 2.295 billion in 1938)[13]
  11. Song Empire - 22% (59 million out of 268 million in 1000)[14]
  12. Rashidun Arab Empire - 19.19% (40.3 million out of 210 million in 7th century)
  13. Spanish Empire - 12.3% (68.2 million out of 556 million[14] in the 17th century)
  14. Russian Empire - 9.8% (176.4 million out of 1.791 billion[14] in 1913)
  15. Ottoman Empire - 7.1% (39 million out of 556 million[14] in the 17th century)
  16. United States of America - 6.4% (146.4 million out of 2.295 billion in 1938)
  17. Japanese Empire - 5.9% (134.8 million out of 2.295 billion[14] in 1938)
  18. Vijayanagara Empire - 5.7% (25 million out of 438 million[14] in the 16th century)
  19. Soviet Union - 5.5% (286,717,000 out of 5.175 billion in 1989) [28][not in citation given]
  20. French Empire - 4.9% (112.9 million out of 2.295 billion in 1938)
  21. Nazi German Empire - 3.3% (75.4 million out of 2.295 billion in 1938)
  22. Austro-Hungarian Empire - 2.8% (50.6 million out of 1.791 billion in 1913)
  23. Italian Empire - 2.3% (51.9 million out of 2.295 billion in 1938)
  24. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth - 1.9% (10.5 million out of 556 million[14] in the 17th century)
  25. Portuguese Empire - 0.8% (14.7 million out of 1.791 billion in 1913)

Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... A representation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which was erected around 250 BCE. It is the emblem of India. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... The Arab Empire at its greatest extent The Arab Empire usually refers to the following Caliphates: Rashidun Caliphate (632 - 661) Umayyad Caliphate (661 - 750) - Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate Umayyad Emirate in Islamic Spain (750 - 929) Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in Islamic Spain (929 - 1031) Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258... Capital Delhi / Agra Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai, Turkish; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707 Aurangzeb History  - Established April 21, 1526  - Ended September 21, 1857 Area... For other uses, see Ming. ... Founder of empires: Cyrus, The Great is still revered in modern Iran as he was in all the successor Persian Empires. ... Persia redirects here. ... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Expansion of the Mongol Empire Historical map of the Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire, also known as the Mongolian Empire (Mongolian: , Mongolyn Ezent Güren; 1206–1405) was the largest contiguous empire in history and for sometime was the most feared in Eurasia. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Bianjing (汴京) (960–1127) Linan (臨安) (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960–976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou... The Islamic Empire (بلاد الإسلامية ) or Rashidun Empire or Rashidun Caliphate ( خلافت راشدہ) is the term conventionally used to describe the Empire controlled by the first four successors of Muhammad (the Rightly Guided caliphs). ... The Arab Empire at its greatest extent The Arab Empire usually refers to the following Caliphates: Rashidun Caliphate (632 - 661) Umayyad Caliphate (661 - 750) - Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate Umayyad Emirate in Islamic Spain (750 - 929) Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in Islamic Spain (929 - 1031) Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258... An anachronous map of the overseas Spanish Empire (1492-1898) in red, and the Spanish Habsburg realms in Europe (1516-1714) in orange. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Ottoman redirects here. ... Anthem Kimi ga Yo Imperial Reign Capital Tokyo Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1868–1912 Emperor Meiji  - 1912–1926 Emperor Taishō  - 1926–1989 Emperor Shōwa Prime Minister  - 1885-1888, 1892-1896, 1898, 1900-1901 Itō Hirobumi  - 1888-1889 Kuroda Kiyotaka  - 1889-1891 Yamagata Aritomo  - 1906-1908, 1911-1912 Saionji Kinmochi... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... For the French colonial postage stamps, see French Colonies. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... The Italian empire in 1940 The Italian Empire was a 20th century empire, which lasted from 9 May 1936 to September 1943. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ...

Largest empires by economy

GDP estimates in the following list are only given for empires in modern times, from the eighteenth to twentieth centuries. All dollar amounts are in 1990 USD. This article is about GDP in the context of economics. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into modernity. ... USD redirects here. ...


GDP size

  1. British Empire - $683.3 billion (in 1938)[13]
  2. Nazi German Empire - $375.6 billion (in 1938)[13]
  3. Japanese Empire - $260.7 billion (in 1938)[13]
  4. Russian Empire - $257.7 billion (in 1913)[14]
  5. Qing Empire - $241.3 billion (GDP decline to 1912, immediately before its downfall)[14]
  6. French Empire - $234.1 billion (in 1938)[13]
  7. Italian Empire - $143.4 billion (in 1938)[13]
  8. Austro-Hungarian Empire - $100.5 billion (in 1913)[10]
  9. Mughal Empire - $90.8 billion (GDP decline in 1700)[14]
  10. Ottoman Empire - $26.4 billion (in 1913)[29]
  11. Portuguese Empire - $12.6 billion (in 1913)[10]

The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Anthem Kimi ga Yo Imperial Reign Capital Tokyo Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1868–1912 Emperor Meiji  - 1912–1926 Emperor Taishō  - 1926–1989 Emperor Shōwa Prime Minister  - 1885-1888, 1892-1896, 1898, 1900-1901 Itō Hirobumi  - 1888-1889 Kuroda Kiyotaka  - 1889-1891 Yamagata Aritomo  - 1906-1908, 1911-1912 Saionji Kinmochi... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... For the French colonial postage stamps, see French Colonies. ... The Italian empire in 1940 The Italian Empire was a 20th century empire, which lasted from 9 May 1936 to September 1943. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Capital Delhi / Agra Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai, Turkish; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707 Aurangzeb History  - Established April 21, 1526  - Ended September 21, 1857 Area... Ottoman redirects here. ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ...

Percentage of world GDP

  1. Qing Empire - 32.9% ($228.6 billion out of $694.4 billion in 1820)[14]
  2. Mughal Empire - 24.5% ($90.8 billion out of $371 billion in 1700)[14]
  3. British Empire - 23.8% ($265 billion[30] out of $1,111 billion[14] in 1870)
  4. Russian Empire - 9.4% ($257.7 billion out of $2,733 billion[14] in 1913)
  5. Nazi German Empire - 8.3% ($375.6 billion out of $4,502 billion[14] in 1938)
  6. Japanese Empire - 5.8% ($260.7 billion out of $4,502 billion in 1938)
  7. French Empire - 5.2% ($234.1 billion out of $4,502 billion in 1938)
  8. Austro-Hungarian Empire - 3.7% ($100.5 billion out of $2,733 billion in 1913)
  9. Italian Empire - 3.2% ($143.4 billion out of $4,502 billion in 1938)
  10. Ottoman Empire - 1% ($26.4 billion out of $2,733 billion in 1913)
  11. Portuguese Empire - 0.5% ($12.6 billion out of $2,733 billion in 1913)

Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... Capital Delhi / Agra Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai, Turkish; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707 Aurangzeb History  - Established April 21, 1526  - Ended September 21, 1857 Area... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Anthem Kimi ga Yo Imperial Reign Capital Tokyo Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1868–1912 Emperor Meiji  - 1912–1926 Emperor Taishō  - 1926–1989 Emperor Shōwa Prime Minister  - 1885-1888, 1892-1896, 1898, 1900-1901 Itō Hirobumi  - 1888-1889 Kuroda Kiyotaka  - 1889-1891 Yamagata Aritomo  - 1906-1908, 1911-1912 Saionji Kinmochi... For the French colonial postage stamps, see French Colonies. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... The Italian empire in 1940 The Italian Empire was a 20th century empire, which lasted from 9 May 1936 to September 1943. ... Ottoman redirects here. ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai Adams, Hall and Turchin (2004).
  2. ^ a b c Tarikh al-Tabari
  3. ^ Hunwick, page xlix
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Bruce R. Gordon (2005).
  5. ^ Wudi (2005) at All Empires estimates 12 million km². Wood (2006) at the Royal Academy also estimates 12 million km². Turchin, Adams and Hall (2004) estimate 14.7 million km². Gordon (2005) estimates 12 million km².
  6. ^ This estimate for the United States of America is based on the combined area of the United States, plus the areas of Philippines and Cuba, over which the U.S. acquired sovereignty in 1898 at the end of the Spanish-American war. Self-government was restored to Cuba in 1906, and to the Philippines in 1934.
  7. ^ British Museum (2005). Forgotten Empire: the world of Ancient Persia.
  8. ^ This estimate for the Chola Empire is derived from the combined area of the Srivijaya Empire, South India, East India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Southern Thailand, Bago Division of Burma, Lakshadweep, the Maldives, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  9. ^ Hunwick, John O.: "Timbuktu and the Songahy Empire: Al-Sa’di’s Ta’rikh Al-sudan Down to 1613 and other Contemporary Documents", page xlix. Brill Academic Publishers, 2003
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Broadberry and Harrison (2005).
  11. ^ a b Chase-Dunn, Álvarez and Pasciuti (2002, p. 8-9).
  12. ^ a b Sinopoli (2003, p. 82)
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Harrison (1998, pp. 3,7).
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Maddison (2006[page # needed]).
  15. ^ a b c d e Biraben, Jean-Noel (1979-01). "Essai sur l'evolution du nombre des hommes". Population (French Edition) 34 (1): 13-25. ISSN 0032-4663.
  16. ^ The combined population of China and Korea in the 13th century was 83 million in Biraben (2003[page # needed]). The combined population of Eastern Europe, Russia, Central Asia, Iran, Iraq and Turkey was about 27 million in Maddison (2006[page # needed]).
  17. ^ The combined population of Spain, Portugal, Italy, Netherlands, United States and the Philippines was 29.2 million in Maddison (2006[page # needed]). The population of Latin America was 39 million in Biraben (2003[page # needed]), minus Brazil and its 4 million people with was a part of the portuguese empire..
  18. ^ The combined population of Southwest Asia and North Africa was about 57 million in Biraben (2003[page # needed]). The combined population of Spain and Portugal was about 5 million in Maddison (2006[page # needed]).
  19. ^ Han Dynasty Census recorded 60 million in 2 AD, according to Scheidel (2005, p. 37) and Yoon (1985).
  20. ^ There are several different estimates for the Roman Empire. Scheidel (2006, p. 2) estimates 60 million. Goldsmith (1984, p. 263) estimates 55 million. Beloch (1886, p. 507) estimates 54 million. Maddison (2006, p. 51, 120) estimates 48 million. Roman Empire Population estimates 65 million (while mentioning several other estimates between 45 million and 130 million).
  21. ^ Boesche (2003, p. 12)
  22. ^ The combined population of Middle East, North Africa and Sassanid Empire - 40+ million
  23. ^ Biraben (2003)[page # needed]
  24. ^ Quataert (2005, p. 112).
  25. ^ Early Medieval and Byzantine Civilization: Constantine to Crusades (2007). Retrieved on 2007-02-25.
  26. ^ a b McEvedy and Jones (1978).
  27. ^ Thomlinson (1975, Table 1).
  28. ^ World population figures, eightyeightynine.com, <http://www.eightyeightynine.com/culture/population.html>. Retrieved on 2007-01-02[unreliable source?]
  29. ^ Pamuk (2005[page # needed]).
  30. ^ The combined GDP of the United Kingdom, British India, Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Ceylon, Hong Kong, Singapore and South Africa in 1870 is about $265 billion in Maddison (2006[page # needed]).

The All Empires website All Empires (aka AE), an online history community, is an academic venture founded in 2001 by history teachers, writers and enthusiasts to promote historical knowledge. ... The Royal Academy of Arts is an art institution based in Burlington House on Piccadilly, London, England. ... Combatants United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Kingdom of Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares Ramón Blanco Casualties 3,289 U.S. dead (432 from combat); considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and... London museum | name = British Museum | image = British Museum from NE 2. ... The Chola Dynasty (Tamil: , IPA: ) was a Tamil dynasty that ruled primarily in southern India until the 13th century. ... Map of Southeast Asia at end of 12th century. ... The geographical south of India includes all Indian territory below the 20th parallel. ... The Indies, on the display globe of the Field Museum, Chicago The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term used to describe lands of South and South-East Asia, occupying all of the former British India, the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and... Southern Thailand is a distinct region of Thailand, connected with the Central region by the narrow Kra Isthmus. ... Bago Division is an administrative division of Myanmar, located in the southern portion of the country. ... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Andaman Islands. ... ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ... This article is about the Korean civilization. ... Statistical regions of Europe as delineated by the United Nations (UN definition of Eastern Europe marked red):  Northern Europe  Western Europe  Eastern Europe  Southern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current borders: Russia (dark orange), other countries formerly part of the USSR... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...  Southwest Asia in most contexts. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty (Persian: []) is the name used for the third Iranian dynasty and the second Persian Empire (226–651). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem God Save The King The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy²  - 1858... The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (ශ්රී ලංකා in Sinhala / இலங்கை in Tamil) (known as Ceylon before 1972) is a tropical island nation off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent. ...

Bibliography

  • Jonathan M. Adams, Thomas D. Hall and Peter Turchin (2004). East-West Orientation of Historical Empires. University of Connecticut.
  • J. Beloch (1886), Die Bevölkerung der griechisch–römischen Welt, Duncker and Humblot, Leipzig.
  • Jean-Noël Biraben (2003). "The rising numbers of humankind", Populations & Societies 394.
  • Roger Boesche (2003). "Kautilya’s Arthashastra on War and Diplomacy in Ancient India", The Journal of Military History 67 (p. 9–38).
  • Stephen Broadberry and Mark Harrison (2005). The Economics of World War I. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-8521 2-9.
  • Christopher Chase-Dunn, Alexis Álvarez, and Daniel Pasciuti (2002). Power and Size: Urbanization and Empire Formation in World-Systems Since the Bronze Age. University of California, Riverside.
  • Raymond W. Goldsmith (1984), "An estimate of the size and structure of the national product of the Early Roman Empire", Journal of the International Association for Research in Income and Wealth 30
  • Bruce R. Gordon (2005). To Rule the Earth... (cached) (See Bibliography for sources used.)
  • Mark Harrison (1998). The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison.
  • Angus Maddison (2001). The World Economy: A Millennial Perspective. OECD, Paris.
  • Angus Maddison (2006). The Contours of the World Economy 1-2030 AD. Oxford University Press.
  • Colin McEvedy and Richard Jones (1978), "Atlas of World Population History", Facts on File (p. 342-351). New York.
  • Sevket Pamuk (2005), "The Ottoman Empire in World War I". In Stephen Broadberry and Mark Harrison (2005), The Economics of World War I, p. 112-136. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-8521 2-9.
  • Donald Quataert (2005). The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922.
  • Walter Scheidel (2005). The monetary systems of the Han and Roman empires. Stanford University.
  • Walter Scheidel (2006). Imperial state formation in Rome and China. Stanford University.
  • Carla M. Sinopoli (2003). The Political Economy of Craft Production: Crafting Empire in South India, C. 1350-1650.
  • Ralph Thomlinson (1975), Demographic Problems, Controversy Over Population Control, Second Edition.
  • Dr Frances Wood (2006). China: The Three Emperors. Royal Academy.
  • H. Yoon (1985). "An early Chinese idea of a dynamic environmental cycle", GeoJournal 10 (2), p. 211-212.

Peter Turchin, is a world known specialist in population dynamics and mathematical modeling of historical dynamics. ... The University of Connecticut is the State of Connecticuts land-grant university. ... The headquarters of the Cambridge University Press, in Trumpington Street, Cambridge. ... The University of California, Riverside, commonly known as UCR or UC Riverside, is a public, coeducational university and one of ten campuses of the University of California. ... Angus Maddison, Emeritus Professor at the Faculty of Economics at the University of Groningen. ... The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), (in French: Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques; OCDE) is an international organisation of thirty countries that accept the principles of representative democracy and a free market economy. ... Oxford University Press (OUP) is a highly-respected publishing house and a department of the University of Oxford in England. ... The headquarters of the Cambridge University Press, in Trumpington Street, Cambridge. ... Stanford redirects here. ... Stanford redirects here. ... The Royal Academy of Arts is an art institution based in Burlington House on Piccadilly, London, England. ... GeoJournal is a peer-reviewed international academic journal on all aspects of geography founded in 1980. ...

See also

This article is about the political and historical term. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Main article: Empire This is an alphabetical list of empires that stretched far beyond their geographical and cultural limits to govern other parts of the world. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... You may be looking for: list of countries by GDP (nominal) - list based on current currency market exchange rates list of countries by GDP (PPP) - list based on purchasing power parity This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... For British writers Robert Cooper and Mark Leonards concept of 21st century EU influence, see Eurosphere. ... There have been a number of African Empires of varying size and influence throughout recorded history. ...

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