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Encyclopedia > List of gene families

This is a list of gene families or gene complexes, that is sets of genes which occur across a number of different species which often serve similar biological functions. These gene families typically encode functionally related proteins, and sometimes the term gene families is a shorthand for the sets of proteins that the genes encode. They may or may not be physically adjacent on the same chromosome. A gene family is a set of genes defined by presumed homology, i. ... A gene complex is a set of genes that perform similar roles in a biological function. ... In biology, a species is a kind of organism. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... Figure 1: Chromosome. ...

Contents


Genes-encoding regulatory proteins

  • Homeobox (Hox gene family)
  • Achaete-scute complex (Neuroblast formation)

A homeobox is a stretch of DNA sequence found in genes involved in the regulation of the development (morphogenesis) of animals, fungi and plants. ... A neuroblast is a dividing cell that will develop into neurons or glia. ...

Genes-encoding immune system proteins

The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is a large genomic region or gene family found in most vertebrates containing many genes with important immune system roles. ...

Related protein families

Motor proteins

Myosin is a motor protein filament found in muscle tissue. ... Kinesins typically consist of two large globular heads that allow attachment to microtubules, a central coiled region, and a region termed light-chain, which connects the kinesin to the intracellular component to be moved. ... Dynein is a class of protein found in biological cells and is involved in their reproduction. ...

Signal transducing proteins

G-proteins, short for guanine nucleotide binding proteins, are a family of proteins involved in second messenger cascades. ...

Transporters

  • ABC proteins

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gene family - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (195 words)
A gene family is a set of genes defined by presumed homology, i.e.
Genes are generally categorized into families based upon shared sequence motifs and similarities in structure.
If the genes of a gene family encode proteins, the term protein family is often used in an analogous manner to gene family.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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