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Encyclopedia > List of famines

This is an incomplete list of major famines, ordered by date. A famine is a social and economic crisis that is commonly accompanied by widespread malnutrition, starvation, epidemic and increased mortality. ...

A complete list will almost certainly never become available.


5th century BC

Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 490s BC 480s BC 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC - 440s BC - 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC Years: 445 BC 444 BC 443 BC 442 BC 441 BC - 440 BC - 439 BC 438 BC... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ...

2nd century BC

  • Researchers in the 1930s discovered documentary evidence that between 108 BC and 1911 AD there were no fewer than 1828 major famines in China, or one nearly every year in one or another province, which however varied greatly in severity

5th century AD

The borders of Western Europe were largely defined by the Cold War. ... The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, a major literary achievement of Eighteenth Century, was written by the English historian, Edward Gibbon. ... An 1894 photogravure of Alaric I taken from a painting by Ludwig Thiersch. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... The Plague of Justinian (541-542) is the first known pandemic on record, and it also marks the first firmly recorded pattern of bubonic plague. ... Medieval demography is the study of human demography in Europe during the Middle Ages. ...

7th century AD

  • 639 AD - Famine in Arabia during the Caliphate of `Umar ibn Al-Khattab
  • 650 Famine throughout India

A caliphate (from the Arabic خلافة or khilāfah), is the Islamic form of government representing the political unity and leadership of the Muslim world. ...

9th century AD

  • 800-1000 AD, unrelenting drought killed millions of Maya people with famine and thirst and initiated a cascade of internal collapses that destroyed their civilization
  • 809 famine in Frankish Empire
  • 875-884 peasant rebellion in China inspired by famine; Huang Chao captured capital

Maya may refer to: // The Maya, Native American peoples of southern Mexico and northern Central America Maya peoples, the contemporary indigenous peoples Maya civilization, their historical pre-Columbian civilization Mayan languages, the family of languages spoken by the Maya Yucatec Maya language, specific and most widespread Mayan language, frequently referred... The Frankish Empire was the territory of the Franks, from the 5th to the 10th centuries, from 481 ruled by Clovis I of the Merovingian Dynasty, the first king of all the Franks. ... Scene from the failed Canadian rebellion against British rule in 1837. ... Huang Chao(Chinese:黃巢)(d. ...

10th century AD

Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ...

11th century AD

  • 1005 Famine in England
  • 1016 Famine throughout Europe
  • 1022,1033 Great famines in India, in which entire provinces were depopulated
  • 1064-1072 Seven years' famine in Egypt
  • 1051 famine forced the Toltecs to migrate from a stricken region in what is now central Mexico
  • 1066 famine in England

Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem specific to England — the anthem of the United Kingdom is God Save the Queen. See also Proposed English National Anthems. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... The Toltecs (or Toltec or Tolteca) were a Pre-Columbian Native American people who dominated much of central Mexico between the 10th and 12th century AD. Their language, Nahuatl, was also spoken by the Aztecs. ...

13th century

  • 1199-1202 famine in Egypt
  • 1230 famine in Novgorod
  • 1231-1232 famine in Japan
  • 1235 famine in England. 20,000 die in London, alone
  • 1255 famine in Portugal
  • 1258 famine in Germany and Italy
  • 1294 famine in England

The Novgorod Republic was an early republic that existed in the North-West territory of modern day Russia, in Novgorod lands between 1136 and 1478. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

14th century

  • 1315-1317 Great Famine in Europe
  • 1333 famine in Portugal
  • 1333-1334 famine in Spain
  • 1333-1337 famine in China
  • 1344-1345 Great famine in India
  • 1387 after Timur the Lame left Asia Minor, severe famine ensued
  • 1390 famine in England
  • 1396-1407 The Durga Devi famine in India, lasting twelve years

The Great Famine of 1315-1317 (or to 1322) was the first of a series of large-scale crises that struck Europe early in the 14th century, causing millions of deaths over an extended number of years and marking a clear end to an earlier period of growth and prosperity... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Statue of Timur in Shahrisabz, Uzbekistan TÄ«mÅ«r bin Taraghay Barlas (Chagatai Turkic: تیمور - TÄ“mōr, iron) (1336 – February 1405), known in the West as Tamerlane, was a 14th century warlord of Turco-Mongol descent,[1][2][3][4] conqueror of much of western and central Asia, and founder... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to...

15th century

  • 1403-1304 famine in Egypt
  • 1445 famine in Korea
  • 1450-1454 famine in Aztec Empire
  • 1460–1461 Kanshō famine in Japan

It has been suggested that Mexica be merged into this article or section. ... Kanshō (Japanese: 寛正) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. ...

16th century

  • 1504 famine in Spain
  • 1518 famine in Venice
  • 1555 famine in England
  • 1567-1570 famine in Harar in Ethiopia, combined with plague. Emir of Harar, died.
  • 1574-1576 famine in Istanbul and Anatolia
  • 1586 famine in England which gave rise to the Poor Law system
  • 1590s famines in Europe

For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... Harar (sometimes spelled Harrar, Hārer, or Harer) is an eastern city in Ethiopia, and the capital of the modern Harari ethno-political division (or kilil) of Ethiopia. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Anatolia and Europe Anatolia (Turkish: from Greek: Ανατολία - Anatolia) is a peninsula of Western Asia which forms the greater part of the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion (Thrace, or traditionally Rumelia). ...

17th century

  • 1599-1600 famine in Spain
  • 1600 famine and plague in Russia killed 500,000 people
  • 1601-1603 worst famine in all of Russian history; up to one-third of Tsar Boris's subjects perished. Same killed about half Estonian population.
  • 1611 famine in Anatolia
  • 1618-1648 famines in Europe caused by Thirty Years' War
  • 1630-1631 Deccan famine in India kills 2,000,000 (Note: There was a corresponding famine in northwestern China, eventually causing the Ming dynasty to collapse in 1644.)
  • 1636 famine in Spain
  • 1651-1653 famine throughout much of Ireland during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland
  • 1655-1660 Poland lost an estimated 1/3 of its population due to the wars, famine, and plague
  • 1661 famine in India, when not a drop of rain fell for two years
  • 1661-1662 famine in Morocco
  • 1669 famine in Bengal
  • 1680s famine in Sahel
  • 1693-1694 famine in France which killed 2 million people
  • 1695-1697 famine killed about a fifth of Estonian population (70 000–75 000 people). Famine also hit Sweden (80 000–100 000 dead)
  • 1696-1697 famine in Finland wiped out almost a third of the population

Tsar Boris I Boris Feodorovich Godunov (Бори́с Фёдорович Годуно́в) (c. ... Anatolia and Europe Anatolia (Turkish: from Greek: Ανατολία - Anatolia) is a peninsula of Western Asia which forms the greater part of the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion (Thrace, or traditionally Rumelia). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The great Deccan famine of 1630-1632 occurred in the Decca region of India. ... Ming China under the Yongle Emperor Capital Nanjing (1368-1421) Beijing (1421-1644) Language(s) Chinese Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1368-1398 Hongwu Emperor  - 1627-1644 Chongzhen Emperor History  - Established in Nanjing January 23, 1368  - Fall of Beijing 1644  - End of the Southern Ming April, 1662 Population  - 1393 est. ... Combatants English Royalists and Irish Catholic Confederate troops English Parliamentarian New Model Army troops and allied Protestants in Ireland Commanders James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde (1649 - December 1650) Ulick Burke, Earl of Clanricarde (December 1650-April 1653) Oliver Cromwell (1649-May 1650) Henry Ireton (May 1650-November 1651) Charles... Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গ Bôngo, বাংলা Bangla, বঙ্গদেশ Bôngodesh or বাংলাদেশ Bangladesh), is a historical and geographical region in the northeast of South Asia. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

18th century

  • 1702-1704 famine in Deccan, India, killed 2 million people
  • 1706-1707 famine in France
  • 1708-1711 famine in East Prussia killed 250,000 people or forty-one percent of its population
  • 1709-1710 famine in France
  • 1740-1741 famine in Ireland
  • 1732 famine in Japan
  • 1738-1739 famine in France
  • 1738-1756 famine in West Africa, half the population of Timbuktu died of starvation
  • 1741 famine in Norway
  • 1750 famine in Spain
  • 1769-1773 Bengal famine of 1770
  • 1770-1771 famine in Czech lands killed hundreds of thousands people
  • 1771-1772 famine in Saxony and southern Germany
  • 1773 famine in Sweden
  • 1783 famine in Iceland caused by Laki (volcano) eruption
  • 1784-1785 famine in Tunisia killed up to one-fifth of all Tunisians

The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... The Irish Famine of 1740-41 (or The Potatocaust) was perhaps of similar magnitude to the better-known Great Famine of 1847-49. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... Timbuktu (Archaic English: Timbuctoo; Koyra Chiini: Tumbutu; French: Tombouctou) is a city in Tombouctou Region, Mali. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Bohemia, Moravia, Austrian Silesia - 1892, then part of Austria-Hungary Bohemia and Moravia-Silesia within Czechoslovakia in 1928 The Czech lands (Czech: ÄŒeské zemÄ›) is an auxiliary term used mainly to describe the combination of Bohemia, Moravia and Czech Silesia. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... Laki (Icelandic: Lakagígar) is a volcanic fissure situated in the south of Iceland, not far from the canyon of Eldgjá and the small town Kirkjubæjarklaustur, in Skaftafell National Park. ...

19th century

  • 1811-1812 famine devastated Madrid, taking nearly 20,000 lives
  • 1815 eruption Tambora, Indonesia. Tens of thousands died of subsequent famine
  • 1816-1817 famine in Europe (Year Without a Summer)
  • 1830 famine killed almost half the population of Cape Verde
  • 1830s Tenpo famine (Japan)
  • 1835 famine in Egypt killed 200,000
  • 1845-1849 Great Irish Famine
  • 1846 famine led to the peasant revolt known as “Maria da Fonte” in the north of Portugal
  • 1846-1857 Highland Potato Famine in Scotland
  • 1866 famine in India (Bengal and Orissa); one million perished
  • 1866-1868 Famine in Finland. About 15% of the entire population died
  • 1869 famine in Rajputana; one million and a half perished
  • 1870-1871 famine in Persia is believed to have caused the death of 2 million persons
  • 1873-1874 famine in Anatolia
  • 1879 Famine in Ireland
  • 1876-1879 Famine in India, China, Brazil, Northern Africa (and other countries). Famine in northern China killed 10 million people
  • 1888 famine in Sudan
  • 1888-1892 Ethiopian Great famine. Conditions worsen with cholera outbreaks (1889-92), a typhus epidemic, and a major smallpox epidemic (1889-90).
  • 1891-1892 famine in Russia caused 375,000 to 400,000 deaths
  • 1896-1897 famine in northern China
  • 1896-1902 famine in India

Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... Mount Tambora (or Tomboro) is an active stratovolcano on Sumbawa island, Indonesia. ... Development of global average temperatures during the last 1000 years. ... The Tenpo famine (天保の飢饉, Tenpo no kiken), also known as the Great Tenpo famine (天保の大飢饉, Tenpo no daikiken) was a famine which affected Tenpo era Japan. ... Great Irish Famine may also refer to Great Irish Famine (1740-1741) This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... In the Highlands of Scotland, in the mid 19th century, most croftters were very dependent on potatoes as a source of food. ... This article is about the country. ... Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গ Bôngo, বাংলা Bangla, বঙ্গদেশ Bôngodesh or বাংলাদেশ Bangladesh), is a historical and geographical region in the northeast of South Asia. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rajputana (or Raj(prut)tana), which means Land of the Rajputs rajput love old rotten cheese wanna see whitch cheese we like go to this web page http://home. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Anatolia and Europe Anatolia (Turkish: from Greek: Ανατολία - Anatolia) is a peninsula of Western Asia which forms the greater part of the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion (Thrace, or traditionally Rumelia). ... The Irish famine of 1879 was the last main Irish famine. ...

20th century

For other uses, see Mount Lebanon (disambiguation). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Motto Esteqlāl, āzādÄ«, jomhÅ«rÄ«-ye eslāmÄ« 1(Persian) Independence, freedom, Islamic Republic (introduced 1979) Anthem SorÅ«d-e MellÄ«-e Īrān 2 Capital (and largest city) Tehran Official languages Persian Demonym Iranian Government Islamic Republic  -  Supreme Leader  -  President Establishment  -  Proto-Elamite Period 3200-2700 BCE... Help!, a Soviet poster from 1921. ... The 1921-1922 famine in Tatarstan was a result of war communism policy, realized in Tatar ASSR as well as elsewhere in the USSR. It started in autumn 1921. ... Fields outside Benambra, Victoria suffering from drought conditions A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. ... Migration occurs when living things move from one biome to another. ... Child victim of the Holodomor The Ukrainian famine (1932-1933) or Holodomor was one of the largest national catastrophes of the Ukrainian nation in modern history with direct loss of human life in the range of millions (estimates vary). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... Combatants Germany Spanish Blue Division Soviet Union Commanders Wilhelm von Leeb Georg von Küchler Agustín Muñoz Grandes Kliment Voroshilov Georgiy Zhukov Strength 725,000 930,000 Casualties Unknown Red Army: 332,059 KIA 24,324 non-combat dead 111,142 missing 16,470 civilians 1 million civilians... Polish capital Warsaw in 1945. ... The Bengal famine of 1943 is one amongst the several Famines that occurred in British administered undivided Bengal (now independent Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal) in 1943. ... Migration occurs when living things move from one biome to another. ... After the landing of the Allied Forces on D-Day, conditions grew worse in the Nazi occupied Netherlands. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Vietnamese Famine of 1945 (Vietnamese: Nạn đói Ất Dậu - Famine of the At Dau year) was a famine that occurred in northern Vietnam during the Japanese occupation of the country. ... The Great Leap Forward (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) was an economic and social plan used from 1958 to 1960 which aimed to use Chinas vast population to rapidly transform mainland China from a primarily agrarian economy dominated by peasant farmers... The Great Chinese Famine (Chinese: ), officially referred to as the Three Years of Natural Disasters (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), was the period in the Peoples Republic of China between 1958 and 1961, in which poor economic policies caused widespread famine resulting in many millions of deaths. ... Hu Yaobang (Chinese: 胡耀邦 Pinyin: Hú Yàobāng, Wade-Giles: Hu Yao-pang) (November 20, 1915 – April 15, 1989) was a leader of the Peoples Republic of China. ... National motto: Peace, Unity, Freedom Official language English Capital Enugu Head of State Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu Area ?- Total ?- % water Population;- Total 13,500,000 (1967) Currency Biafran pound (BIAP) Created May 30, 1967 Dissolved January 15, 1970 Demonym Biafran The Republic of Biafra was a short-lived secessionist state in... The Sahel drought in 1970s and 1980s created a famine that killed a million people and afflicted more than 50 million. ... Traditionally the Economy of Ethiopia was based on subsistence agriculture, with an aristocracy that consumed the surplus. ... Haile Selassie Haile Selassie (Power of Trinity) (July 23, 1892 – August 27, 1975) was the last Emperor (1930–1936; 1941–1974) of Ethiopia, and is a religious symbol in the Rastafarian movement. ... Derg party badge, c1979. ... Possibly over a million people died in the Bangladesh famine of 1974, from July 1974 to January 1975, although the Bangladesh government claimed only 26,000 people died. ... Karamoja sub-region is a region in northeastern Uganda comprising of the districts of Kotido, Moroto and Nakapiripirit. ... Location of Ethiopia, as Ethiopian borders were as of the famine, prior Eritrean independence in 1993. ... The North Korean famine occurred during the mid 1990s in North Korea and lasted until about 2001, when the country had mostly recovered from the Arduous March, but it was not until 2004 that North Korea finally announced that it would need no further assistance from foreign aid suppliers. ... The famine in Sudan in 1998 was a humanitarian disaster caused mainly by human rights abuses, as well as drought and the failure of the international community to react to the famine risk with adequate speed. ... Combatants Sudanese Government (North Sudan) Sudan Peoples Liberation Army Commanders Gaafar Nimeiry Sadiq al-Mahdi Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir John Garang Casualties Not Released 1. ... Fields outside Benambra, Victoria suffering from drought conditions A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. ... Operation Provide Relief (UNOSOM I) was a United Nation (UN) sponsored effort to provide humanitarian relief for the people of Somalia who were facing a severe famine, initiated and exacerbated by the ongoing Somoli civil war. ... Combatants Eritrea Ethiopia Commanders Sebhat Ephrem Tsadkan Gebre-Tensae[3] Casualties Estimates vary: 19,000;[4][5] 20-50,000[6] 67,000[7] Estimates vary: 34,000[8] up to 60,000;[9] 60,000[10] 123,000[11][12] The Eritrean-Ethiopian War took place from May 1998... Combatants Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Chad, Mai-Mai, Hutu-aligned forces Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Movement for the Liberation of Congo Congolese Rally for Democracy Tutsi-aligned forces Commanders Laurent-Désiré Kabila (Congo), Joseph Kabila (Congo), Sam Nujoma Robert Mugabe José Eduardo dos Santos Idriss D... Robert Gabriel Mugabe KCB (born on February 21, 1924) is the President of Zimbabwe. ... In Zimbabwe, the question of land distribution and redistribution (land reform) is perhaps the most crucial and the most bitterly contested political issue today. ...

21st century

Droughts which have not yet become famines

Combatants factions of the SLA Justice & Equality Movement Janjaweed  Sudan Minnawi-faction of the SLA Commanders SLA: SalaBob and Sulaiman Gamos JEM: Ibrahim Khalil Janjaweed: ? Sudan: Omar al-Bashir SLA: Minni Minnawi Casualties 300,000 civilians killed (est. ... The 2005 Malawi food crisis is a severe food security crisis affecting more than five million people in Malawi, especially in the south, caused by the failure to harvest sufficient staple maize due to a drought. ... Niger vegetation maps. ... Affected countries The 2006 Horn of Africa food crisis is an acute shortage of food affecting four Horn of Africa countries: Somalia, Kenya, Djibouti and Ethiopia. ...

See also

A female child during the Nigerian-Biafran war of the late 1960s, shown suffering the effects of severe hunger and malnutrition. ... Map of countries by population density (See List of countries by population density. ... A disaster is a natural or man-made event that negatively affects life, property, livelihood or industry, often resulting in permanent changes to human societies, ecosystems and environment. ... Medieval demography is the study of human demography in Europe during the Middle Ages. ... Map of countries by population — China and India, the only two countries to have a population greater than one billion, together possess more than a third of the worlds population. ... For man-made disasters see: List of wars and disasters by death toll A death toll is the number of dead as a result of war, violence, accident, natural disaster, extreme weather, or disease. ...


  Results from FactBites:
A famine is a phenomenon in which a large percentage of the population of a region or country are so undernourished that death by starvation becomes increasingly common.
Famine is associated with naturally-occurring crop failure and pestilence and artificially with war and genocide.
Famine is sometimes used as a tool of repressive governments as a means to eliminate opponents, as in the Ukrainian Famine of the 1930s.
  More results at FactBites »



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