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Encyclopedia > List of eye diseases and disorders

This is a partial list of human eye diseases and disorders. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The World Health Organization publishes a classification of known diseases and injuries called the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems or ICD-10. This list uses that classification. WHO emblem The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations, acting as a coordinating authority on international public health, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) is a detailed description of known diseases and injuries. ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) is a detailed description of known diseases and injuries. ...

Contents


H00-H59 Diseases of the eye and adnexa

H00-H06 Disorders of eyelid, lacrimal system and orbit

  • (H00.0) Hordeolum ("stye" or "sty") — a bacterial infection of sebaceous glands of eyelashes
  • (H00.1) Chalazion — a cyst in the eyelid (usually upper eyelid)
  • (H01.0) Blepharitis — inflammation of eyelids and eyelashes; characterized by white flaky skin near the eyelashes
  • (H02.0) Entropion and trichiasis
  • (H02.1) Ectropion
  • (H02.2) Lagophthalmos
  • (H02.3) Blepharochalasis
  • (H02.4) Ptosis
  • (H02.6) Xanthelasma of eyelid
  • (H03.0*) Parasitic infestation of eyelid in diseases classified elsewhere
  • (H03.1*) Involvement of eyelid in other infectious diseases classified elsewhere
  • (H03.8*) Involvement of eyelid in other diseases classified elsewhere
    • Involvement of eyelid in impetigo ( L01.0+ )
  • (H04.0) Dacryoadenitis
  • (H04.2) Epiphora

A stye (also spelled sty) is an inflammation of the sebaceous glands at the base of the eyelashes. ... A chalazion, also known as a Meibomian gland lipogranuloma, is a cyst in the eyelid that is caused by inflammation of the meibomian gland, usually on the upper eyelid. ... Blepharitis is an eruption producing inflammation of eyelids and eyelashes. ... Entropion is a medical condition in which the eyelids fold inward. ... Trichiasis is a medical term for ingrown eyelashes. ... Ectropion is a condition of loose eyelids. ... Ptosis is the paralysis of the muscles of the eyelid. ... Xanthelasma (or xanthelasma palpabrum) are yellowish collections of cholesterol underneath the skin, usually around the eyes. ... Dermatitis is a term literally meaning inflammation of the skin. It is usually used to refer to eczema, which is also known as Dermatitis eczema. ... Binomial names Demodex folliculorum hominis, Demodex brevis, Demodex canis The demodex mite is a tiny parasitic mite which lives around human hair follicles, particularly those of the eyelashes and eyebrows (Demodex folliculorum hominis) or in sebaceous glands connected to hair follicles (Demodex brevis). ... Loa loa filariasis (also loiasis) is a disease caused by the worm loa loa filaria. ... Onchocerciasis or river blindness is the worlds second leading infectious cause of blindness. ... The Herpes simplex virus infection (common names: herpes, cold sores) is a common, contagious, incurable, and in some cases sexually transmitted disease caused by a double-stranded DNA virus. ... For the malady found in the Hebrew Bible, see the article Tzaraath. ... Molluscum contagiosum (also called water wart) is skin disease caused by the molluscum contagiosum virus (or MCV), a DNA poxvirus. ... Tuberculosis (commonly shortened to TB) is an infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system (meningitis), lymphatic system, circulatory system (Miliary tuberculosis), genitourinary system, bones and joints. ... Yaws (also Frambesia tropica, thymosis, polypapilloma tropicum or pian) is a tropical infection of the skin, bones and joints caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pertenue. ... Herpes zoster, colloquially known as shingles, is the reactivation of varicella zoster virus, leading to a crop of painful blisters over the area of a dermatome. ... Dacryoadenitis is inflammation of the lacrimal glands (the tear-producing glands). ... Epiphora is another word for epistrophe. ...

H10-H13 Disorders of conjunctiva

  • (H10) Conjunctivitis — inflammation of the conjunctiva
  • (H11.0) Pterygium — benign growth of the conjunctiva
  • (H11.3) Subconjunctival hemorrhage — burst blood vessels on conjunctiva
  • (H13.1*) Conjunctivitis in infectious and parasitic diseases classified elsewhere
    • Conjunctivitis (due to):
    • · Acanthamoeba B60.1+ )
    • · adenoviral follicular (acute) ( B30.1+ )
    • · chlamydial ( A74.0+ )
    • · diphtheritic ( A36.8+ )
    • · gonococcal ( A54.3+ )
    • · haemorrhagic (acute)(epidemic) ( B30.3+ )
    • · herpesviral [herpes simplex] ( B00.5+ )
    • · meningococcal ( A39.8+ )
    • · Newcastle ( B30.8+ )
    • · zoster ( B02.3+ )

A pterygium, meaning wing, is a benign growth of the conjunctiva. ... A subconjunctival hemorrhage is a common and relatively minor post-LASIK complication. ... Acanthamoeba is a genus of amoebae, one of the most common protozoa in soil, and also frequently found in freshwater and other habitats. ...

H15-H22 Disorders of sclera, cornea, iris and ciliary body

Scleritis is a serious inflammatory disease that affects the white outer coating of the eye, known as the sclera. ... Corneal abrasion is a medical condition involving the loss of the surface epithelial layer of the eyes cornea. ... Snowblind redirects here. ... Arc eye is a painful condition sometimes experienced by welders who have failed to use adequate eye protection. ... Thygesons superficial punctate keratopathy (TSPK) is a disease of the eyes. ... Fuchs dystrophy is a slowly progressing corneal disease that usually affects both eyes and is slightly more common in women than in men. ... Keratoconus Keratoconus, or conical cornea (from kerato- cornea and conus cone), is an degenerative disorder of the eye in which the cornea thins and changes shape to become more conical than the normal parabolic. ... Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), also called keratitis sicca, xerophthalmia, dry eye syndrome, or simply dry eyes, is an eye disease caused by decreased tear production or increased tear film evaporation commonly found in humans and small animals. ... Iritis is a form of anterior uveitis and refers to the inflammation of the iris of the eye. ... Uveitis specifically refers to inflammation of the middle layer of the eye, termed the uvea but in common usage may refer to any inflammatory process involving the interior of the eye. ...

H25-H28 Disorders of lens

  • (H25-H26) Cataract — the lens becomes opaque

For the band with this name, see Cataract (band). ...

H30-H36 Disorders of choroid and retina

  • (H33) Retinal detachment — the retina detaches from the choroid, leading to blurred and distorted vision
  • (H33.1) Retinoschisis — the retina separates into several layers and may detach
  • (H35.0) Hypertensive retinopathy — burst blood vessels, due to long-term high blood pressure
    • (H35.0/E10-E14) Diabetic retinopathy damage to the retina caused by complications of diabetes mellitus, which could eventually lead to blindness
  • (H35.0-H35.2) Retinopathy — general term referring to non-inflammatory damage to the retina
  • (H35.1) Retinopathy of prematurity — scarring and retinal detachment in premature babies
  • (H35.3) Age-related macular degeneration — the photosensitive cells in the macula malfunction and over time cease to work
  • (H35.3) Macular degeneration — loss of central vision, due to macular degeneration
  • (H35.5) Retinitis pigmentosa — genetic disorder; tunnel vision preceded by night-blindness
  • (H35.81) Macular edema — distorted central vision, due to a swollen macula

Retinal detachment is a disorder of the eye in which the retina peels away from its underlying layer of support tissue. ... Retinoschisis is an uncommon eye disease characterized by the abnormal splitting of the retinas sensory layers, usually in the outer plexiform layer, with resulting loss of visual function [1]. The retina, which consists of multiple layers of interconnected nerve and pigment cells, separates into separate layers resulting in a... Hypertension, or high blood pressure that does not respond to treatment, has several ocular manifestations. ... Diabetic retinopathy is retinopathy (damage to the retina) caused by complications of diabetes mellitus, which could eventually lead to blindness. ... Retinopathy is a general term that refers to some form of non-inflammatory damage to the retina of the eye. ... Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disease of the eye that affects prematurely born babies. ... This article or section should be merged with macular degeneration Treatment Those with AMD can sometimes benefit from the treatment tested in the Age-Related Eye Disease Study. ... Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2005-07-19, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... Normal vision. ... Macular edema occurs when fluid and protein deposits collect on or under the macula, causing it to thicken and swell. ...

H40-H42 Glaucoma

  • (H40-H42) Glaucoma — optic neuropathy

H43-H45 Disorders of vitreous body and globe

  • (H43.9) Floaters — shadow-like shapes which appear singly or together with several others in the field of vision

For other uses, see Floater (disambiguation). ...

H46-H48 Disorders of optic nerve and visual pathways

Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) or Leber optic atrophy is a mitochondrially inherited (mother to all offspring) form of acute or subacute loss of central vision that may lead to degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and their axons; this affects predominantly young adult males. ...

H49-H52 Disorders of ocular muscles, binocular movement, accommodation and refraction

  • (H49-H50) Strabismus (Crossed eye/Wandering eye/Walleye) — the eyes do not point in the same direction
  • H52 Disorders of refraction and accommodation
    • (H52.0) Hyperopia (Farsightedness) — the inability to focus on near objects (and in extreme cases, any objects)
    • (H52.1) Myopia (Nearsightedness) — distant objects appear blurred
    • (H52.2) Astigmatism — the cornea or the lens of the eye is not perfectly spherical, resulting in different focal points in different planes
    • (H52.3) Anisometropia — the lenses of the two eyes have different focal lengths
    • (H52.4) Presbyopia — a condition that occurs with growing age and results in the inability to focus on close objects
    • (H52.5) Disorders of accommodation

Strabismus prevents bringing the gaze of both eyes to the same point in space Strabismus, also known as heterotropia, squint, crossed eye, wandering eye, or wall eyed, is a disorder in which the eyes do not point in the same direction. ... Ophthalmoparesis is a physical finding in certain neurologic illnesses. ... Progressive external ophthalmoplegia is a disorder of the mitochondria. ... Person exhibiting esotropia of the right eye Esotropia is a form of strabismus where one or both of the eyes turn inward (often called lazy eye). The most common type of esotropia occurs in approximately one to two percent of the population. ... Exotropia is a form of strabismus where the eyes are deviated outward. ... Refraction error is an error in the focussing of light by the human eye. ... The Accommodation Reflex is a reflex action of the eye, in response to focusing on a near object, then looking at distant object (and vice versa). ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Astigmatism is a refraction error of the eye in which there is a difference in degree of refraction in different meridians. ... Anisometropia is a condition in which the lenses of the two eyes have different focal lengths; that is, are in different states of myopia (nearsightedness) and hyperopia (farsightedness). ... Presbyopia is the eyes diminished power of accommodation that occurs with aging. ... Ophthalmoplegia (or opthalmoplegia) is the partial or total paralysis of the eye muscles. ...

H53-H54 Visual disturbances and blindness

  • (H53.0) Amblyopia (lazy eye) — poor or blurry vision due to either no transmission or poor transmission of the visual image to the brain
  • (H53.0) Leber's congenital amaurosis — genetic disorder; appears at birth, characterised by sluggish or no pupillary responses
  • (H53.1, H53.4) Scotoma (blind spot) — an area impairment of vision surrounded by a field of relatively well-preserved vision
  • (H53.5) Color blindness — the inability to perceive differences between some or all colors that other people can distinguish
  • (H53.6) Nyctalopia (Nightblindness) — a condition making it difficult or impossible to see in the dark
  • (H54) Blindness — the brain does not receive optical information, through various causes
    • (H54/B73) River blindness — blindness caused by long-term infection by a parasetic worm (rare in western societies)

Amblyopia, or lazy eye, is a disorder of the eyes. ... Lebers congenital amaurosis is a rare inherited eye disease that appears at birth or in the first few months of life, typically characterized by nystagmus, sluggish or no pupillary responses, and severe vision loss or blindness. ... The word scotoma is derived from the Greek word for darkness. ... Color blindness in humans is the inability to perceive differences between some or all colors that other people can distinguish. ... Maskun is a medical condition (also called achromatopsia) characterized by a low cone count or lack of function in cone cells; these are the light receptors responsible for colour perception. ... Maskun is a medical condition (also called achromatopsia) characterized by a low cone count or lack of function in cone cells; these are the light receptors responsible for colour perception. ... Nyctalopia (Greek for night blindness) is a condition making it difficult or impossible to see in the dark. ... Blindness can be defined physiologically as the condition of lacking visual perception. ... Onchocerciasis or river blindness is the worlds second leading infectious cause of blindness. ...

H55-H59 Other disorders of eye and adnexa

  • (H57.9) Red eyeconjunctiva appears red typically due to illness or injury
  • (H58.0) Argyll Robertson pupil — small, unequal, irregularly shaped pupils

Many primary care physicians often deal with patients with red eyes Almost everybody, at some point or another, has a red eye. ... In medical terminology, Argyll Robertson pupils are small, irregular pupils that accommodate but do not react normally to light. ...

Other codes

  • (B36.1) Keratomycosis — fungal infection of the cornea
  • (E50.6-E50.7) Xerophthalmia — dry eyes, caused by vitamin A deficiency
  • (Q13.1) Aniridia — a rare congenital eye condition leading to underdevelopment or even absence of the iris of the eye

Keratomycosis is the fungal infection of the cornea. ... Xerophthalmia (Greek for dry eyes) is a medical condition in which the eye doesnt produce tears. ... Aniridia is a rare congenital eye condition leading to the absence of the iris of the eye. ...

References

  • World Health Organization's ICD-10 Codes

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
List of eye diseases and disorders - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (862 words)
This is a partial list of human eye diseases and disorders.
The World Health Organization publishes a classification of known diseases and injuries called the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems or ICD-10.
List of diseases, for a complete alphabetical listing of diseases
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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