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Encyclopedia > List of ethics topics
Comment This article needs to be renamed/rewritten to avoid self-references.

This list of ethics topics puts articles relevant to well-known ethical (right and wrong, good and bad) debates and decisions in one place - including practical problems long known in philosophy, and the more abstract subjects in law, politics, and some professions and sciences. It lists also those core concepts essential to understanding ethics as applied in various religions, some movements derived from religions, and religions discussed as if they were a theory of ethics making no special claim to divine status. Image File history File links Info-icon. ... Part of the Style and how-to series Shortcut: WP:ASR Avoid self-references within Wikipedia articles to the Wikipedia project, such as: This Wikipedia article discusses . ... Ethics (from Greek ethikos) is the branch of axiology – one of the four major branches of philosophy, alongside metaphysics, epistemology, and logic – which attempts to understand the nature of morality; to define that which is right from that which is wrong. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Law (from the Old Norse lagu) in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, intended to provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide punishments of/for those who do... Politics is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ... A profession is an occupation that requires extensive training and the study and mastery of specialized knowledge, and usually has a professional association, ethical code and process of certification or licensing. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Science For the scientific journal named Science, see Science (journal). ... The concept of the divine or of The Divine, meaning matters relating to a god, forms an important ingredient in many religious faiths (but compare Buddhism, for example, or Scientology). ...


The list also includes articles on non-ethics topics or fictional works or part of works that include a substantial ethical debate; These are fairly obviously distinguished from ethical concepts by name alone. Inclusion or exclusion of an article is obviously an ethical issue in itself, as different people regard different issues as 'substantial', and different ethical works as influential.


Some simple guidelines to keep this list manageable:

Why? Any field that makes specific ethical assumptions can be only imperfectly characterized by inclusion in a list such as this. The above concepts are more fairly presented within the frame of assumptions of that profession or religion. Medicine is the branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining human health or restoring it through the treatment of disease and injury. ... Engineering applies scientific and technical knowledge to solve human problems. ... Analytic philosophy is the dominant philosophical movement in University philosophy departments in English-speaking countries, although one of its founders, Gottlob Frege, was German, and many of its leading proponents, such as Ludwig Wittgenstein, Rudolf Carnap, Kurt Gödel and Karl Popper, were Austrian. ... Game theory is a branch of applied mathematics that studies strategic situations where players choose different actions in an attempt to maximize their returns. ... Many points in this article may be difficult to understand without a background in the elementary concepts of game theory. ... Tit for Tat is a highly-effective strategy in game theory for the iterated prisoners dilemma. ... Look up belief on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... North Korean propaganda showing a soldier destroying the United States Capitol building. ... Many Wikipedia articles on religious topics are not yet listed on this page. ... Metaphysics (Greek words meta = after/beyond and physics = nature) is a branch of philosophy concerned with the study of first principles and being (ontology). ... Epistemology, from the Greek words episteme (knowledge) and logos (word/speech) is the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature, origin and scope of knowledge. ... This page aims to list articles on Wikipedia that are related to philosophy, beginning with the letters A through C. This is so that those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar. ... Genocide is defined by the JERRFGGHH and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide]] (CPPCG) article 2 as any of the following acts part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such: Killing members of the group; Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; Deliberately inflicting... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region or group of people, such as a nation or a tribe. ... Business ethics is a form of applied ethics that examines ethical rules and principles within a commercial context; the various moral or ethical problems that can arise in a business setting; and any special duties or obligations that apply to persons who are engaged in commerce. ... ... A planet is generally considered to be a relatively large mass of accreted matter in orbit around a star that is not a star itself. ... Legal ethics refers to an ethical code governing those in the practice of law. ... Medical ethics is the discipline of evaluating the merits, risks, and social concerns of activities in the field of medicine. ...     Economics (from the Greek οίκος [oikos], house, and νομος [nomos], rule, hence household management) is a social science that studies the production, distribution, trade and consumption of goods and services. ... This aims to be a complete list of the articles on economics. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( (help· info)), submission (to the will of Allah)) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and generally recognised as the worlds second-largest religion. ... The following list consists of concepts that are derived from both Islam and Arab tradition, which are expressed as words in the Arabic language. ... List of ethicists including religious or political figures recognized by those outside their tradition as having made major contributions to ideas about ethics, or raised major controversies by taking strong positions on previously unexplored problems. ... Philosophers (and others important in the history of philosophy), listed alphabetically: Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Pietro dAbano, (1250?-1316) Firmin Abauzit, (1679...


Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

A Theory of Justice is a book of political and moral philosophy by John Rawls. ... Aberration (Latin ab, from or away + errare, to wander), a deviation or wandering, especially used in the figurative sense as: In ethics, a deviation from the truth. ... The morality and legality of abortion are controversial topics. ... Abuse is a general term for the misuse of a person or thing, causing harm to the person or thing, to the abuser, or to someone else. ... Accounting reform is change to accounting rules that goes beyond the enforcement of standard accounting practices and the elimination of creative accounting. It is advocated by those who consider the present standards and practices of the profession wholly inadequate to the task of measuring and reporting the activity, success, and... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... An adversarial process is one that sets up a specific and focused conflict, typically with rewards for prevailing, often in the form of a game. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... ALM is a three-letter abbreviation with multiple meanings, as described below: The National Rail code for Alnmouth railway station, United Kingdom. ... The following list consists of concepts that are derived from both Islam and Arab tradition, which are expressed as words in the Arabic language. ... Anger is a term for the emotional aspect of aggression, as a basic aspect of the stress response in animals in which a perceived aggravating stimulus provokes a counterresponse which is likewise aggravating and threatening of violence. ... The logo of the Great Ape Project, which is campaigning for a Declaration on Great Apes. ... Beginning in the 1960s, a movement called anti-psychiatry claimed that psychiatric patients are not ill but are individuals that do not share the same consensus reality as most people in society. ... An appeal to authority is a type of argument in logic also known as argument from authority, argumentum ad verecundiam (Latin: argument to respect) or ipse dixit (Latin: he himself said it, where an unsupported assertion depends on the asserters credibility). ... Applied ethics takes a theory of ethics, such as utilitarianism, social contract theory, or deontology, and applies its major principles to a particular set of circumstances and practices. ... Arbitration is a form of mediation or conciliation, where the mediating party is given power by the disputant parties to settle the dispute by making a finding. ... Archaeological ethics refers to a number of moral issues raised through the study of the material past. ... The argument from morality is one of several arguments for the existence of God. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Existence of God. ... José Mourinho José Mário dos Santos Mourinho Félix (pron. ... Hondas intelligent humanoid robot Artificial intelligence (AI) is defined as intelligence exhibited by an artificial entity. ... In politics, authority generally refers to the ability to make laws, independent of the power to enforce them, or the ability to permit something. ... Greed is a desire to obtain more money or material possessions or bodily satisfaction than one is considered to need. ... Sin has been a term most usually used in a religious context, and today describes any lack of conformity to the will of God; especially, any willful disregard for the norms revealed by God is a sin. ... Axiology, from the Greek axia (αξια, value, worth), is the study of value or quality. ...

B

The basis of unity is the unifying principles or ethics upon which all members of an organization or coalition can agree - identifying features of a movement. ... Look up belief on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Biodefense refers to short term, local, usually military measures to restore biosecurity to a given group of persons in a given area — in the civilian terminology, it is a very robust biohazard response. ... Bioethics is the ethics of biological science and medicine. ... Biosafety: prevention of large-scale loss of biological integrity, focusing both on ecology and human health. ... The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety is an international agreement on biosafety, as a supplement to the Convention on Biological Diversity. ... A biosecurity guarantee attempts to ensure that ecologies sustaining either people or animals are maintained. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Biological warfare, also known as germ warfare, is the use of any organism (bacteria, virus or other disease_causing organism) or toxin found in nature, as a weapon of war. ... The underground market is the part of economic activity involving illegal dealings, typically the buying and selling of merchandise illegally. ... See also: BLAME!, a manga by Tsutomu Nihei. ... With regard to living things, a body is the integral physical material of an individual, and contrasts with soul, personality and behavior. ... Border stone at Passo San Giacomo between Val Formazza in Italy and Val Bedretto in Switzerland Borders define geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions, such as governments, states or subnational administrative divisions. ... The Three Graces, here in a painting by Sandro Botticelli, were the goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility in Greek mythology. ... Aldous Leonard Huxley (July 26, 1894 – November 22, 1963) was a British writer who emigrated to the United States. ... Book cover of Brave New World. ... Business ethics is a form of applied ethics that examines ethical rules and principles within a commercial context; the various moral or ethical problems that can arise in a business setting; and any special duties or obligations that apply to persons who are engaged in commerce. ...

C

A carceral state is a state modelled on a prison. ... Case-based reasoning (CBR), broadly construed, is the process of solving new problems based on the solutions of similar past problems. ... Casuistry (argument by cases) is an attempt to determine the correct response to a moral problem, often a moral dilemma, by drawing conclusions based on parallels with agreed responses to pure cases, also called paradigms. ... The categorical imperative is the philosophical concept central to the moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant and to modern deontological ethics. ... Civics is the science of comparative government and means of administering public trusts - the theory of governance as applied to state institutions. ... Civil law has at least three meanings. ... Civil procedure is the body of law that sets out the process that courts will follow when hearing cases of a civil nature (a civil action). These rules govern how a lawsuit or case may be commenced, what kind of service of process is required, the types of pleadings or... Cloning is the process of creating an identical copy of an original. ... Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of an existing, or previously existing human or growing cloned tissue from that individual. ... Closure is a philosophical description of the world put forward by Hilary Lawson in the book Closure: a story of everything (Routledge, UK, 2001). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Collectivism, in general, is a term used to describe any doctrine that stresses the importance of a collective, rather than the importance of the individual. ... Look up Common sense in Wiktionary, the free dictionary For the American independence advocacy pamphlet by Thomas Paine, see Common Sense (pamphlet) For the American hip-hop artist, see Common One meaning of the term common sense (or as an adjective, commonsense) on a strict construction of the term, is... A common sense conservative is an advocate of conservative politics who adopts the rhetoric of common sense to frame his arguments. ... Conceptual metaphor: In cognitive linguistics metaphor is defined as understanding one conceptual domain in terms of another conceptual domain, e. ... Sage Confucius——孔子 Confucianist temple Thian Hock Keng in Singapore Confucianism (Chinese: 儒学, Pinyin Rúxué‚, lit. ... Consequentialism is a moral theory that holds that what ultimately counts in evaluating actions or policies of action are the consequences that result from the particular action or policy pursued. ... It has been suggested that Victimless crime be merged into this article or section. ... Consensus has two common meanings. ... Consensus decision-making is a decision process that not only seeks the agreement of most participants, but also to resolve or mitigate the objections of the minority to achieve the most agreeable decision. ... Conservation may refer to the following: Conservation ethic in relation to preserving ecosystems Conservationist Conservation movement Conservation ecology Conservation biology Energy conservation in reducing non-renewable energy consumption Conservation law of physics Conservation of energy Conservation of mass Conservation (genetics) in genetics Conservation (botany) in botanical nomenclature Conservation (psychology) in... The Conservation movement seeks to protect plant and animal species as well as the habitats they live in from harmful human influences. ... Consent (as a term of jurisprudence) is a possible justification against civil or criminal liability. ... Consumerism is a term used to describe the effects of equating personal happiness with purchasing material possessions and consumption. ... Corporate crime refers to criminal practices by individuals that have the legal authority to speak for a corporation or company. ... Corporate crime refers to criminal practices by individuals that have the legal authority to speak for a corporation or company. ... Hugo de Garis (born 1947, Sydney, Australia) is an associate professor of computer science at Utah State University. ... Courage is the ability to confront fear in the face of pain, danger, uncertainty or intimidation. ... Cowardice is a vice. ... Creative accounting and earnings management are euphemisms referring to accounting practices that deviate from standard accounting practices. ... The study of criminal justice traditionally revolves around three main components of the criminal justice system: police, courts, corrections. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... Restorative justice is a theory of criminal justice that focuses on crime as an act against another individual or community rather than the state. ... Transformative justice is a general philosophical strategy for responding to conflicts. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Criminal law (also known as penal law) is the body of common law that punishes criminals for committing offences against the state. ... Criminal procedure refers to the legal process for adjudicating claims that someone has violated the criminal law. ... In religion and sociology, a cult is a cohesive group of people (often a relatively small and new religious movement) devoted to beliefs or practices that the surrounding culture or society considers to be far outside the mainstream. ... Cultural bias is interpreting and judging phenomena in terms particular to ones own culture. ... The Cynics were an influential school of ancient philosophers. ...

D

Debt is that which is owed. ... Debt bondage or bonded labor is a means of paying off a familys loans via the labour of family members or heirs. ... Deliberative democracy, also sometimes called discursive democracy, is a term used by political theorists, e. ... Descriptive ethics deal with what the population actually believes to be right and wrong, and holds up as ideals or condemns or punishes in law or politics, as contrasted to normative ethics which deals with what the population should believe to be right and wrong, and such concepts as sin... Discourse ethics, sometimes called argumentation ethics, refers to a type of argument that attempts to establish normative or ethical truths by examining the presuppositions of discourse. ... The expression discrediting tactics in politics refers to personal attacks against a public figure intended to discourage people from believing in the figure or supporting their cause (see damaging quotations). ... Dissent is the sentiment of non-agreement with the majority, or the leader, of a group to which the dissenter is supposed to belong or to obey. ... The divine command theory is the metaethical theory that moral values are whatever is commanded by a god or gods. ... The doctrine of double effect (DDE) is a thesis in ethics, usually attributed to Aquinas. ... Dominator culture is a term coined by futurist and writer, Riane Eisler. ... Doubt is uncertainty in the context of trust (where it takes the form of distrust), action, decision or faith. ... // Ethics Duty is a term loosely applied to any action (or course of action) which is regarded as morally incumbent, apart from personal likes and dislikes or any external compulsion. ...

E

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Perennialists believe that one should teach the things that they believe are of everlasting importance to all people everywhere. ... Egalitarianism is any moral or political theory that emphasizes the supposed equality of morally-significant beings. ... An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ... Engineering applies scientific and technical knowledge to solve human problems. ... Environmental ethics is the ethical relationship between human beings and the environment in which they live. ... Environmental law is a body of law, which is a system of complex and interlocking rules, regulations and policies which seeks to protect the natural environment which may be affected, impacted or even endangered by human activities. ... The environmental movement is the social and political movement directed towards the preservation, restoration, or enhancement of the natural environment via public education, advocacy for improved lifestyle choices, improved community planning, improved financial investments, and government regulations. ... See Envy (band) for the Japanese hardcore band. ... Sin has been a term most usually used in a religious context, and today describes any lack of conformity to the will of God; especially, any willful disregard for the norms revealed by God is a sin. ... An epistemic community consists of those who accept one version of a story, or one version of validating a story. ... Social equality is a social state of affairs in which certain different people have the same status in a certain respect. ... This article is about concept of equity in Anglo-American jurisprudence. ... Ethical investing, also known as Socially responsible investing or SRI attempts to ensure that invested funds are not used to violate the investors most basic moral values or ethical codes. ... Ethical consumerism is the practice of boycotting products which a consumer believes to be associated with unnecessary exploitation or other unethical behaviour. ... An ethicist is one whose judgement on ethics and ethical codes has come to be trusted by some community, and (importantly) is expressed in some way that makes it possible for others to mimic or approximate that judgement. ... Ethics (from Greek ethikos) is the branch of axiology – one of the four major branches of philosophy, alongside metaphysics, epistemology, and logic – which attempts to understand the nature of morality; to define that which is right from that which is wrong. ... The term ethical calculus, when used generally, refers to any method of determining a course of action in a circumstance that is not explicitly evaluated in ones ethical code. ... Ethical codes are specialized and specific codes of ethics. ... Naturalism, sometimes also called definism, is a theory in meta-ethics that holds that ethical terms can be defined; the meaning of ethical sentences can be given in totally non-ethical terms. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Etiquette, also known as decorum, is the code that governs the expectations of social behavior, the conventional norm. ... Euthanasia (from Greek: ευθανασία - ευ good, θανατος death) refers to assisted dying. ... Evil is a term describing that which is regarded as morally bad, intrinsically corrupt, wantonly destructive, inhumane, or wicked. ... Exploratory engineering is a term coined by K. Eric Drexler to describe the process of designing and analyzing detailed hypothetical models of systems that are not feasible with current technologies or methods, but do seem to be clearly within the bounds of what science considers to be possible within the...

F

A faction is a group of people connected by a shared belief or opinion within a larger group. ... A family of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 A family is a domestic group of people, or a number of domestic groups, typically affiliated by birth or marriage, or by comparable legal relationships including domestic partnership, adoption, surname and in some cases ownership (as was the case in the Roman... Family values is a political buzzword first used in the United States in 1966 to describe a set of moral guidelines for defining the proper structure and role of a family and its members, supported by appeals to tradition. ... Fair trade products shown at XI Unctad. ... Justice is a concept involving the fair and moral treatment of all persons, especially in law. ... Forgiveness is a choice the forgiver makes to let go of resentment held in the forgivers mind of a perceived wrong or difference, either actual or imagined. ... Nagarjunas Mūlamadhyamakakārikā or Fundamental Verses on the Middle Way now stands at the centre of modern philosophical analysis of the Madhyamaka philosophy, which is rapidly proliferating to match the rich and varied commentarial tradition that the text has accumulated over the centuries since its composition (most likely in the... In comparative religion, fundamentalism has come to refer to several different understandings of religious thought and practice, including literal interpretation of sacred texts such as the Bible or the Quran and sometimes also anti-modernist movements in various religions. ...

G

A Gaian is a radical Green who views the ecology of the Earths biosphere not only as the basis of human moral examples, but of all cognition and even sentience. ... Gene therapy using an Adenovirus vector. ... Genetic engineering, genetic modification (GM), and gene splicing (once in widespread use but now deprecated) are terms for the process of manipulating genes in an organism, usually outside of the organisms normal reproductive process. ... Genocide is defined by the JERRFGGHH and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide]] (CPPCG) article 2 as any of the following acts part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such: Killing members of the group; Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; Deliberately inflicting... The adjective global and adverb globally imply that the verb or noun to which they are applied applies to the entire Earth and all of its species and regions. ... Flows 2004 Global debt and equity underwriting reached a record $5. ... Drafted initially by Dr. Hans Küng, in cooperation with the Council for a Parliament of the Worlds Religions staff and Trustees and experts drawing on many of the worlds religious and spiritual traditions, Towards a Global Ethic: An Initial Declaration identifies four essential affirmations as shared priniciples... Gluttony is the overindulgence of food, drink, or intoxicants to the point of waste. ... Sin has been a term most usually used in a religious context, and today describes any lack of conformity to the will of God; especially, any willful disregard for the norms revealed by God is a sin. ... In God & Golem, Inc. ... Golf (gowf in Scots) is a game where individual players or teams hit a ball into a hole using various clubs, and is one of the few ball games that does not use a fixed standard playing area. ... For the philosophical concept of goodness see Goodness and value theory. ... Look up greed in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Green movement encompasses the Green parties of various countries, and relies on the ideals of the larger ecology movement, peace movement, conservation movement, environmental movement and general trend towards environmentalism. ... A grey area is a term for a border in-between two or more things that is unclearly defined, a border that is hard to define or even impossible to define, or a definition where the distinction border tends to move. ... In anarchist discourse, a group-entity is usually distinguished from an individual hominid, or animal groups from a single living being of any sexual species. ... Guilt is a word describing many concepts related to an emotion or condition caused by actions which are, or are believed to be, morally wrong. ... The Three Graces, here in a painting by Sandro Botticelli, were the goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility in Greek mythology. ... Jonathan Swift Jonathan Swift (November 30, 1667 – October 19, 1745) was an Anglo-Irish writer who is famous for works like Gullivers Travels, A Modest Proposal, and A Tale of a Tub. ... Gulliver Gullivers Travels (1726, amended 1735) is a novel by Jonathan Swift that is both a satire on human nature and a parody of the travellers tales literary sub-genre. ...

H

Hate or hatred is an emotion of intense revulsion, distaste, enmity, or antipathy for a person, thing, or phenomenon; a desire to avoid, restrict, remove, or destroy its object. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Home is a place where a person lives, perhaps spends much of the time, or where a person is comfortable to be. ... Homeschooling (also called home education) is the education of children at home and in the community, in contrast to education in an institution such as a public or parochial school. ... Look up Honesty in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Honesty, the quality of being honest, is a value which can be defined in multiple ways. ... Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of an existing, or previously existing human or growing cloned tissue from that individual. ... Human resources has at least two meanings depending on context. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...

I

Ideological assumptions are beliefs that often serve as the basis for particular disciplines which go unquestioned within that discipline or as justifications for the actions of a particular society. ... An ideology is an organized collection of ideas. ... An ideal is a principle or value that one actively pursues as a goal. ... Ignorance is a lack of knowledge, or a willful lack of desire to improve the efficiency, merit, effectiveness or usefulness of ones actions. ... In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a technique in which egg cells are fertilised outside the womans body. ... Individualism is a moral, political, and social philosophy, which emphasizes individual liberty, belief in the primary importance of the individual, and in the virtues of self-reliance and personal independence. Individualism embraces opposition to authority, and to all manner of controls over the individual, especially when exercised by the political... Inherit the Wind is a play by Jerome Lawrence and Robert E. Lee. ... // History of instructional technology Instructional technology was born as a military response to the problems of a labor shortage during WWII in the United States. ... link titleThe word international can mean: Between nations or encompassing several nations. ... Integrity comprises the personal inner sense of wholeness deriving from honesty and consistent uprightness of character. ... International law, is the body of law that regulates the activities of entities possessing international personality. Traditionally, that meant the conduct and relationships of states. ... Islamization of knowledge is a term which describes a variety of attempts and approaches to synthesize the ethics of Islam with various fields of modern thought. ...

J

Pre-Kushana Ayagapatta from Mathura Jainism (pronounced in English as //), traditionally known as Jain Dharma (जैन धर्म) , is a religion and philosophy originating in the prehistory of South Asia. ... Jealousy is an emotion experienced by one who perceives that another person is giving something that s/he wants (typically attention, love, or affection) to a third party. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Journalism ethics and standards include principles of ethics and of good practice to address the specific challenges faced by professional journalists. ... Journalistic Fraud: How The New York Times Distorts the News and Why It Can No Longer Be Trusted is a book by Bob Kohn with a thesis similar to that of Bernard Goldbergs Bias. ... Just War theory is an international law doctrine that postulates that a war can be just only if it satisfies a set of moral or legal rules. ... Justice - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

K

Knowledge is information of which someone is aware. ... // What is a Knowledge Society? Knowledge  The psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning Society  A formal association of people with similar interests Knowledge Society  A formal association of people with similar interests, who try to make effective use of the vast wealth of knowledge in their area of... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...

L

Environmental ethics is theory and practice about appropriate concern for, values in, and duties to the natural world. ... Law (from the Old Norse lagu) in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, intended to provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide punishments of/for those who do... A legal code is a moral code enforced by the law of a state. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... First page of the 1804 original edition The original Napoleonic Code, or Code Napoléon (originally called the Code civil des français, or civil code of the French), was the French civil code, established at the behest of Napoléon I. It entered into force on March 21, 1804. ... The Three Graces, here in a painting by Sandro Botticelli, were the goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility in Greek mythology. ... Isaac Asimov (courtesy of Jay Kay Klein) Dr. Isaac Asimov (c. ... In science fiction, the Three Laws of Robotics are a set of three laws written by Isaac Asimov, which most robots appearing in his fiction have to obey. ... In the United States, constitutional law generally refers to the provisions of the United States Constitution, as interpreted by the United States Supreme Court. ... Li or li may refer to: Lee or Li is a transliteration of several Chinese and Korean family names, see Li (Chinese name) and Lee (Korean name). ... Sage Confucius——孔子 Confucianist temple Thian Hock Keng in Singapore Confucianism (Chinese: 儒学, Pinyin Rúxué‚, lit. ... In the most general sense, a liability is anything that is a hindrance, or puts one at a disadvantage. ... Logical positivism (later referred to as logical empiricism, rational empiricism, and also neo-positivism) is a philosophy that originated in the Vienna Circle in the 1920s. ... Lust (from German: Lust) is inappropriate sexual desire (this meaning is sometimes metaphorically extended to other forms of desire, e. ... Sin has been a term most usually used in a religious context, and today describes any lack of conformity to the will of God; especially, any willful disregard for the norms revealed by God is a sin. ... A lie is a statement made by someone who believes or suspects it to be false, in the expectation that the hearers may believe it. ...

M

They LAUGHED at my theories at the institute! Fools! Ill destroy them all! Caucasian, male, aging, crooked teeth, messy hair, lab coat, spectacles/goggles, dramatic posing — one popular stereotype of mad scientist. ... Madness has several uses: One who is affected by madness could be deemed insane or could have a mental illness A band, see Madness (band) A violent flash cartoon series, see Madness Combat. ... Mediation consists of a process of alternative dispute resolution in which a (generally) neutral third party, the mediator, using appropriate techniques, assists two or more parties to help them negotiate an agreement, with concrete effects, on a matter of common interest. ... Medical ethics is the discipline of evaluating the merits, risks, and social concerns of activities in the field of medicine. ... Mercy is a term used to describe the leniency or compassion shown by one person to another, or a request from one person to another to be shown such leniency or compassion. ... In philosophy, meta-ethics is the branch of ethics that seeks to understand the nature of ethical properties (if there are any), and ethical statements, attitudes, and judgments. ... According to many religions, a miracle, derived from the old Latin word miraculum meaning something wonderful, is a striking interposition of divine intervention by God in the universe by which the operations of the ordinary course of Nature are overruled, suspended, or modified. ... There are many new trends in Islamic Philosophy and meanwhile some traditional schools are still very alive and active. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Monetary Reform is accounting reform that reaches more deeply into banking central bank, money supply and monetary policy. ... A moral is a one sentence remark made at the end of many childrens stories that expresses the intended meaning, or the moral message, of the tale. ... ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Morality. ... The term Golden Rule may refer to any of the following Wikipedia articles: The Golden Rule - in ethics, religion and philosophy. ... The Noble Eightfold Path (Pali: ariya atthangika magga), according to Buddhism and as taught by Siddhartha Buddha, is the way to the cessation of suffering, the fourth part of the Four Noble Truths. ... The Ten Commandments on a monument in the grounds of the Texas State Capitol This 1768 parchment (612x502 mm) by Jekuthiel Sofer emulated 1675 decalogue at the Esnoga synagogue of Amsterdam The Ten Commandments, or Decalogue, is a list of religious and moral imperatives which, according to the Bible, was... The moral core of an individual is the extent to which that person will apply his or her notions of morality. ... A moral community is a group of people drawn together by a common interest in living according to a particular moral philosophy. ... Moral equivalence is a term used in political debate, usually to negatively characterize the humanist claim that there can no moral or ethical hierarchy decided between two sides in a conflict, nor in the actions or tactics of the two sides. ... Moral example is trust in the moral core of another, a role model, without the obvious mediation of any theory or language. ... Moral liability is a term used to describe an ethical situation in which a person is morally responsible. ... In philosophy moral relativism is the position that moral or ethical propositions do not reflect absolute and universal moral truths but instead are relative to social, cultural, historical or personal references, and that there is no single standard by which to assess an ethical propositions truth. ... In meta-ethics, moral skepticism is a theory which maintains either that ethical claims are generally false, or else that we cannot sufficiently justify any ethical claims, and must therefore maintain doubt about whether they are true or false. ... Jane Butzner Jacobs (born May 4, 1916) is a writer, activist, and city aficionado. ... Moral universalism is a moral view, often related to humanist philosophy, which claims that the fundamental basis for a universalist ethic—universally applicable to all humanity—can be derived or inferred from what is common among existing moral codes. ... Morality, in the strictest sense of the word, deals with that which is innately regarded as right or wrong. ... Morality plays are a type of theatrical allegory in which the protagonist is met by personifications of various moral attributes who try to prompt him to choose a Godly life over one of evil. ... The Hebrew term mussar, while literally derived from a word meaning tradition, usually refers to Jewish ethics in general, or (and more commonly) refers to the Jewish ethics education movement that developed in the 19th century Orthodox Jewish European community, particularly in Lithuania. ...

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Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region or group of people, such as a nation or a tribe. ... // Nationalism is an ideology which holds that the nation, ethnicity or national identity is a fundamental unit of human social life, and makes certain cultural and political claims based upon that belief; in particular, the claim that the nation is the only legitimate basis for the state, and that each... George E. Moore The naturalistic fallacy is an alleged logical fallacy, identified by British philosopher G.E. Moore in Principia Ethica (1903), which Moore stated was committed whenever a philosopher attempts to prove a claim about ethics by appealing to a definition of the term good in terms of one... Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) is a collection of pseudoscientific self-help rituals proposed for programming the mind (Lilienfeld et al 2003;Raso 1994). ... The nonexistence of God is a quintessential nihilistic concern. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into cognitivism (ethics). ... Nonviolence (or non-violence) is a set of assumptions about morality, power and conflict that leads its proponents to reject the use of violence in efforts to attain social or political goals. ... Normative ethics (cf. ...

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Open Source ethics is split into two strands: Open Source Ethics as an Ethical School Although a new sub-field with research on issues of ethics, academics like Charles Ess and David Berry are researching whether ethics can learn anything from an open source approach. ... The open-space conference is a generalization of the original concept of an open-space meeting, and includes many variations of a meeting system. ... Ownership is the state or fact of exclusive possession or control of some thing, which may be an object or some kind of property. ... An oath (from Saxon eoth) is either a promise or a statement of fact calling upon something or someone that the oath maker considers sacred, usually a god, as a witness to the binding nature of the promise or the truth of the statement of fact. ...

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Robert Boyles self-flowing flask fills itself in this diagram, but perpetual motion machines cannot exist. ... The paradox of hedonism was first explicitly noted by the philosopher Henry Sidgwick in More than a few common proverbs capture the idea that when one pursues happiness itself, one is miserable; but, when one pursues something else (e. ... Particles erupt from the collision point of two relativistic (100GeV) gold ions in the STAR detector of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. ... In the common law, a partnership is a type of business entity in which partners share with each other the profits or losses of the business undertaking in which they have all invested. ... In psychology and common terminology, emotion is the language of a persons internal state of being, normally based in or tied to their internal (physical) and external (social) sensory feeling. ... A Passion play is a dramatic presentation depicting the suffering and death of Jesus. ... The concept of peace ranks among the most controversial in our time. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... Peacemaking is a form of conflict resolution which focuses on establishing equal power relationships that will be robust enough to forestall future conflict, and establishing some means of agreeing on ethical decisions within a community that has previously had conflict. ... Personal conduct is a set of precepts that one individual tries to observe in daily life. ... Persuasion technology is technology that can be used for presenting or promoting a point of view. ... Naturalism is any of several philosophical stances, typically those descended from materialism and pragmatism, that reject the validity of explanations or theories making use of entities inaccessible to natural science. ... Philosophy of law is a branch of philosophy and jurisprudence which studies basic questions about law and legal systems, such as what is the law?, what are the criteria for legal validity?, what is the relationship between law and morality?, and many other similar questions. ... Philosophy of mathematics is that branch of philosophy which attempts to answer questions such as: why is mathematics useful in describing nature?, in which sense(s), if any, do mathematical entities such as numbers exist? and why and how are mathematical statements true?. Various approaches to answering these questions will... The philosophy of science is the branch of philosophy that studies the philosophical assumptions, foundations, and implications of science, including the formal sciences, natural sciences, and social sciences. ... Plagiarism is a form of academic malpractice specifically referring to the use of anothers information, language, or writing, when done without proper acknowledgment of the original source. ... Obsolescence is when a person or object is no longer wanted even though it is still in good working order. ... The Republic is an influential dialogue by Plato, written in the first half of the 4th century BC. This Socratic dialogue mainly is about political philosophy and ethics. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Politics is the process and method of decision-making for groups of human beings. ... Political privacy has been a concern since voting systems emerged in ancient times. ... The political virtues were listed by Bernard Crick In Defense of Politics, 1982. ... Politics is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ... Political science is a social science discipline that deals with the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behavior. ... Let us define cheating as any behavior outside the rules intended to give an unfair advantage to one or more players. ... It has been suggested that Bases of power be merged into this article or section. ... One of the covers of the book The fame of Niccolò Machiavelli rests mainly on his political treatise Il Principe (The Prince), written around 1513, but not published until 1532, five years after his death. ... Psychological pain refers to pain caused by psychological stress and by emotional trauma, as distinct from that caused by physiological injuries and syndromes. ... The precautionary principle, a phrase first used in English circa 1988, is the idea that if the consequences of an action are unknown, but are judged to have some potential for major or irreversible negative consequences, then it is better to avoid that action. ... Precedent, sometimes authority, is the legal principle or rule created by a court which guides judges in subsequent cases with similar issues or facts. ... Pride logo PRIDE or PRIDE Fighting Championships is a mixed martial arts organization based in Japan, promoted by Dream Stage Entertainment. ... Sin has been a term most usually used in a religious context, and today describes any lack of conformity to the will of God; especially, any willful disregard for the norms revealed by God is a sin. ... The precautionary principle, a phrase first used in English circa 1988, is the idea that if the consequences of an action are unknown, but are judged to have some potential for major or irreversible negative consequences, then it is better to avoid that action. ... In international law, the Prevention of Disasters Principle, as first elaborated in the UN Habitat II Agenda, permits states to take pre-emptive or restraining actions when a consensus of scientific opinion is that failing to do so will cause some disaster to occur. ... Prior Informed Consent is a well-defined term in law and medicine. ... Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to stop information about themselves from becoming known to people other than those they choose to give the information to. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Public relations is, simply-stated, the art and science of building relationships between an organization and its key audiences. ... sexual abuse is the practice of imposing something unpleasant on a wrongdoer as a response to something unwanted that the wrongdoer has done. ...

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Queer studies is the study of issues relating to sexual orientation and gender identity. ...

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In government regulation, a race to the bottom is said to occur when competition between nations (over investment capital, for example) leads to the progressive dismantling of regulatory standards. ... An African-American man drinks out of the colored only water fountain at a racially segregated streetcar terminal in the United States in 1939. ... Reality in everyday usage means everything that exists. ... Reflective equilibrium is a state of balance or coherence among a set of beliefs arrived at by a process of deliberative mutual adjustment among general principles and particular judgments. ... Relativism is the view that the meaning and value of human beliefs and behaviors have no absolute reference. ... Another article treats canon law, the codes of law of the Catholic, Anglican, and Orthodox churches. ... The term Ren has several meanings: Ren Höek is a character on the cartoon Ren and Stimpy. ... Sage Confucius——孔子 Confucianist temple Thian Hock Keng in Singapore Confucianism (Chinese: 儒学, Pinyin Rúxué‚, lit. ... Reproductive technology is a term for all current and anticipated uses of technology in human and animal reproduction, including: artificial insemination artificial wombs cloning (see human cloning for the special case of human beings) cryopreservation of sperm, oocytes, embryos embryo testing embryo transfer genetic engineering hormone treatment to increase fertility... Revenge or vengeance consists of retaliation against a person or group in response to perceived wrongdoing. ... Generally speaking, religion and science use different methods in their effort to ascertain truth. ... An ethical relationship, in most theories of ethics that employ the term, is a basic and trustworthy relationship that one has to another human being, that cannot necessarily be characterized in terms of any abstraction other than trust and common protection of each others body. ... Risk is the potential harm that may arise from some present process or from some future event. ... Risk Society is not intended to imply an increase of risk in society, but rather a society that is organized in response to risks. ... The Three Graces, here in a painting by Sandro Botticelli, were the goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility in Greek mythology. ... Star Trek collectively refers to a science-fiction franchise spanning six unique television series, 726 episodes and ten motion pictures in addition to hundreds of novels, video games, fan stories and other works of fiction all set within the same fictional universe created by Gene Roddenberry in the mid-1960s. ... Ferengi on Star Trek: The Next Generation The Ferengi are a fictional extraterrestrial race from the Star Trek universe. ... The Rules of Acquisition, in the fictional Star Trek universe, are a set of guidelines, intended to ensure the profitability of businesses owned by the ultra-capitalist Ferengi. ... A Rules girl is a woman who adheres to the tenets outlined in the book The Rules, written by Sherrie Schneider and Ellen Fein. ...

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Warning signs, such as this one, can improve safety awareness. ... Satyagraha is the philosophy of nonviolent resistance most famously employed by Mohandas Gandhi in forcing an end to the British Raj and also against apartheid in South Africa. ... A scandal is a widely publicized incident involving allegations of wrong-doing, disgrace, or moral outrage. ... Scientific misconduct is the violation of the standard codes of scholarly conduct and ethical behavior in professional scientific research. ... Scientism is a relatively newly coined word that refers to certain epistemologies based on science. ... The seven deadly sins, also known as the capital vices or cardinal sins, suggest a classification of vices and were enumerated in their present form by Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century. ... Sin has been a term most usually used in a religious context, and today describes any lack of conformity to the will of God; especially, any willful disregard for the norms revealed by God is a sin. ... Situated ethics, often confused with situational ethics, is a view of applied ethics in which abstract standards from a culture or theory are considered to be far less important than the ongoing processes in which one is personally and physically involved, e. ... Situational ethics (also known as Situationism) refers to a particular view of ethics,faggot that states: (J. Fletcher, Situation Ethics (Westminster, Philadelphia, 1966). ... Families Megalonychidae P.Gervais, 1855 Bradypodidae Gray, 1821 Sloths are medium-sized South American mammals belonging to the families Megalonychidae and Bradypodidae, part of the order Xenarthra. ... Sin has been a term most usually used in a religious context, and today describes any lack of conformity to the will of God; especially, any willful disregard for the norms revealed by God is a sin. ... // Latin root meaning The term social is derived from the Latin word socius, which as a noun means an associate, ally, companion, business partner or comrade and in the adjectival form socialis refers to a bond between people (such as marriage) or to their collective or connected existence. ... Social control refers to social mechanisms that regulate individual and group behavior, in terms of greater sanctions and rewards. ... ... The sociology of knowledge is the study of the social origins of ideas, and of the effects prevailing ideas have on societies. ... In film and broadcasting, a soundbite is a very short piece of footage taken from a longer speech or an interview in which someone with authority or the average man on the street says something which is considered by those who edit the speech or interview to be a most... This article discusses states as sovereign political entities. ... A restored Stoa in Athens. ...

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Technology assessment (TA, German Technikfolgenabschätzung) is the study and evaluation of new technologies. ... It has been suggested that Cold Calling be merged into this article or section. ... Terran means of Terra, i. ... Theories of Value ask What sorts of things are good? Or: What does good mean? If we had to give the most general, catch-all description of good things, then what would that description be? When that question is answered with God, this is called Summum bonum. Many people believe... The tolerances versus preferences dilemma emerges in many problems in ethics, particularly in politics and economics. ... Transcendental reasoning is an inference pattern based upon the prerequisite conditions for the possibility of a given fact. ... Transhumanism (sometimes abbreviated >H or H+) is an intellectual and cultural movement analyzing and supporting morphological freedom and the use of new sciences and technologies to overcome human limitations and improve the human condition. ... Typical triage tag used for emergency mass casualty decontamination. ... The trolley problem is a thought experiment in ethics, first introduced by Philippa Foot, but also extensively analysed by Judith Jarvis Thomson and, more recently, by Peter Unger. ... Look up trust in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... When someone sincerely agrees with an assertion, they are claiming that it is the truth. ...

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Ubuntu (IPA: ) is a South African ethic or ideology focusing on peoples allegiances and relations with each other. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Urban secession is a citys secession from its surrounding region, to form a new political unit (usually a state or district or province of the same country as its surroundings, but not always). ... Usury (from the Latin usuria, demanding in return for a loan a greater amount than was borrowed) was defined originally as charging a fee for the use of money. ... Utilitarian Bioethics is a very controversial branch of Utilitarian ethics that espouses directing medical resources where they will contribute most to the sum of the number of happy people in the world. ... Utilitarian ethics was formulated first by Jeremy Bentham in 1781, and later championed and elaborated by the philosopher John Stuart Mill. ... The Three Graces, here in a painting by Sandro Botticelli, were the goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility in Greek mythology. ... Portrait of Sir Thomas More, by Hans Holbein the Younger (1527). ... De Optimo Reipublicae Statu deque Nova Insula Utopia (translated On the Best State of a Republic and on the New Island of Utopia) or more simply Utopia is a 1516 book by Sir Thomas More. ...

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Value is worth in general, and it is thought to be connected to reasons for certain practices, policies, actions, beliefs or emotions. ... A value system refers to the order and priority an individual or society grants to ethical and ideological values. ... Value theory concerns itself with the worth, utility, trading or economic value, moral value, legal value, quantitative or aesthetic value of people and things - or the combination of all these. ... FUCKING BULLSHIT!! The value of life is an economic or moral value assigned to life in general, or to specific living organisms. ... In economics, value of Earth is the ultimate in ecosystem valuation, and important to value of life calculations. ... Value is a term that expresses the concept of worth in general, and it is thought to be connected to reasons for certain practices, policies or actions. ... Look up vanity and vain in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sin has been a term most usually used in a religious context, and today describes any lack of conformity to the will of God; especially, any willful disregard for the norms revealed by God is a sin. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In criminology public order crime is defined by Siegel (2004) as ...crime which involves acts that interfere with the operations of society and the ability of people to function efficiently, i. ... (Greek αρετη; Latin virtus) Virtue is moral excellence of a man or a woman. ... In philosophy, the phrase virtue ethics refers to ethical systems that focus primarily on what sort of person one should try to be. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...

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The Three Graces, here in a painting by Sandro Botticelli, were the goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility in Greek mythology. ... Burrhus Frederic Skinner Burrhus Frederic Skinner (March 20, 1904 – August 18, 1990) was an American psychologist and author. ... Walden Two is a novel published in 1948 by B. F. Skinner, who intended it to describe a utopia. ... An act of war - the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan on August 9, 1945, effectively ending World War II. The bombs over Hiroshima (August 6) and Nagasaki immediately killed over 120,000 people. ... Wealth is an abundance of items of economic value, or the state of controlling or possessing such items, and encompasses money, real estate and personal property. ... In the theology of the Unification Church, whole purpose and self purpose are two key concepts in human ethics. ... Will, in philosophy, refers to the conscious mental act that produces physical results. ... Wisdom is the ability to make correct judgments and decisions. ... In classical economics and all micro-economics labour is a measure of the work done by human beings and is one of three factors of production, the others being land and capital. ... The workweek, literally, refers to the period of time that an individual spends at paid occupational labor. ... Wrath is a somewhat archaic word, encountered today primarily in religious texts, which refers to forceful anger or judgment, especially of the divine variety. ... Sin has been a term most usually used in a religious context, and today describes any lack of conformity to the will of God; especially, any willful disregard for the norms revealed by God is a sin. ...

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The Yi people (Chinese: 彝族 Yìzú, own name: Nosu) are a modern ethnic group in China. ... Sage Confucius——孔子 Confucianist temple Thian Hock Keng in Singapore Confucianism (Chinese: å„’å­¦, Pinyin Rúxué‚, lit. ...

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