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Encyclopedia > List of digital television deployments by country

The transition to digital television is a process that follows different paces around the world. Although digital satellite television is now commonplace and will soon render analogue satellite broadcasts obsolete, the switch to digital cable and terrestrial has taken longer. Digital television (DTV) is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound by means of digital signals, in contrast to analog signals used by analog (traditional) TV. DTV uses digital modulation data, which is digitally compressed and requires decoding by a specially designed television set, or a... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... Terrestrial television (also known as over-the-air, OTA or broadcast television) was the traditional method of television broadcast signal delivery prior to the advent of cable and satellite television. ...


This is a list of the situation in many countries and/or areas.

Contents

Africa

Namibia

While Namibia's public broadcasters still rely on analogue transmission and have not announced a transition date to digital television, the pay-TV operator Multichoice already operates a digital television service using the DVB-T standard. Reaching approximately 3 000 subscribers, the transition occurred on 18 February 2005 without the use of a dual-illumination period due to the lack of spare frequencies. M-Net (originally an abbreviation for Electronic Media Network) is a subscription-funded television channel in South Africa, established in 1986 by a consortium of newspaper companies. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


South Africa

The first digital television implementation in South Africa was a satellite-based system launched by pay-TV operator Multichoice in 1995. On 22 February 2007 the South African government announced that the country's public TV operators would be broadcasting in digital by 1 November 2008, followed by a three year dual-illumination period which would end on 1 November 2011. Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2011 (MMXI) will be a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Asia

Hong Kong, SAR of China

Due to the city's cramped living conditions, flat panel widescreen TV monitors are highly popular in Hong Kong. Many people enjoy watching widescreen DVD movies on their TVs, but local broadcasts are not in HD. While the local authorities had flagged end-2006 as the deadline for a decision to be made on which HDTV standard Hong Kong would adopt, political and business considerations continue to take precedence. The mainland Chinese government will likely want to be able to jam TV signals from Hong Kong, so that Chinese citizens near the border cannot receive uncensored content from Hong Kong. Currently, analog TV signals from Hong Kong are delayed a few seconds before being relayed inland, such that content on banned topics such as Falun Gong and the Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989 can be blocked. By the same token, Hong Kong broadcasters are keen to use whichever standard China adopts, since doing so would allow them to transmit into the lucrative Southern China market and would lessen the need for costly format conversion. Falun Gong, (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally Practice of the Wheel of Law) also known as Falun Dafa, (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; lit. ... The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 were a series of demonstrations led by students, intellectuals, and labour activists in the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) between April 15, 1989 and June 4, 1989. ...


Japan

Japan pioneered HDTV for decades with an analog implementation. The old system is not compatible with the new digital standards. Japanese terrestrial broadcasting of HD via ISDB-T started in December 1, 2003 in the Tokyo, Osaka, and Nagoya metropolitan areas of Japan. It has been reported that two million HD receivers have been sold in Japan already. A picture of ISDB-T (taken during a tour of the NHK Osaka broadcasting station) Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB) is the digital television (DTV) and digital audio broadcasting (DAB) format that Japan has created to allow radio and television stations there to convert to digital. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tokyo ), the common English name for the Tokyo Metropolis ), is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and, unique among the prefectures, provides certain municipal services characteristic of a city. ... Osaka )   is a city in Japan, located at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay, in the Kansai region of the main island of HonshÅ«. The city is the capital of Osaka Prefecture. ... Nagoya Castle Nagoya (名古屋市; -shi) is the fourth largest (third largest metropolitan region) and the third most prosperous city in Japan. ...


The Japanese government is studying the implementation of some improvements on the standard as suggested by Brazilian researchers (SBTVD). These new features are unlikely to be adopted in Japan due to incompatibility problems, but are being considered for use in future implementations in other countries, including Brazil itself.[1] This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Analog terrestrial television broadcasts in Japan are scheduled to cease on July 24, 2011 according to the current Japanese broadcasting law. However, the move to DTV by consumers is relatively slow, partly because HD TVs are very expensive. Additionally there have been issues with the B-CAS system and Digital Rights Management in respect to the home recording of broadcasts. is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2011 (MMXI) will be a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Digital rights management (DRM) is an umbrella term that refers to access control technologies used by publishers and other copyright holders to limit usage of digital media or devices. ...


South Korea (Republic of Korea)

After a long controversy between the government and broadcasters, ATSC was chosen over DVB-T. From 2005, digital services are available across the entire country. DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ...


At least 10 hours of HD content are required to be broadcast on a weekly basis during the first year of commercial digital service.


Malaysia

The first digital television service in Malaysia was launched by satellite based pay-TV operator ASTRO launched in 1996. Starting from September 2006, the Malaysian national broadcaster RTM began its trial Digital Terestrial Digital Television (DDTV) service for six months to selected 2,000 households in the capital city of Kuala Lumpur and some surrounding areas. From the trial service, RTM intends to access viewers' response of the new service. Astro may refer to: Astronomy Astrology Astro (Motorola), used to describe the digital voice radios produced by Motorola Astro (satellite TV), a Malaysian subscription-based multi-channel satellite TV & radio service Astro Nusantara, Indonesia subscription-based multi-channel TV service Astro (The Jetsons), a dog on the animated television series... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (Malay: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country Malaysia State Federal Territory Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - City 243. ...


The trial DDTV service will offer its current 2 analogue TV channels i.e. RTM1 & RTM2 in digital and 2 new digital TV only channels namely RTMi (covering drama, music, news/current affairs and sports) and Music Active (all music). RTMi will be broadcasting from 7pm to midnight daily while Music Active will be from 9am to midnight. Also provided under the service are 7 of its FM radio stations in digital audio and a host of interactive services. Nationwide implementation is planned to begin by the year 2007 or 2008.


The Malaysian government has proposed to shut down all analogue television services in the country by the year 2015, planned to begin in 2008.


All the above digital television services are in standard definition and currently there are no announced plans by either ASTRO or RTM for HDTV service.


Philippines

Philippine television-broadcast giant ABS-CBN has recently applied for the digital television-terrestrial service (DTT) license to the National Telecommunications Commission of the Philippines that will switch off its analog broadcast programming (Channel 2 Manila) set-up as early as 2010. ABS-CBN said the proposed conversion of DWWX-TV station from analog to digital broadcast is being undertaken to assist the Philippine government’s initiative to effect transition of television broadcast stations from analog to digital transmissions, “at the earliest time practicable.” ABS-CBN has recently been experimenting the transmission of digital signals on Channel 51. Categories: Corporation stubs | Philippines | Television networks ... DWWX-TV, channel 2, is the flagship station of Philippine television network ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation. ...


Also, the Associated Broadcasting Company (ABC-5) have also expressed their intention of switching its current analog television broadcast set-up (DWET-TV 5). They are testing DVB-H on channel 47. The Associated Broadcasting Company, commonly abbreviated to ABC, is a Philippine television network, with main broadcast facilities in Metro Manila. ... DWET-TV, channel 5, is the flagship station of Philippine television network Associated Broadcasting Company. ...


However, local broadcast outfits themselves together with the private sector are still studying whether or not the Philippines can catch up with the timetable set by the International Telecommunications Union that broadcast companies worldwide should switch off analog broadcast programming by 2010.


Recently, the Philippines will use and eventually adopt the European standard DVB-T for terrestrial transmissions. After the shutdown of analog television (which is scheduled by the end of 2015), the European standard for digital will replace the current (U.S.) standard for analog, NTSC. [2]


Another big media outfit GMA Network will also plan to test DVB-H in Manila, as demand for content in mobile phones increase. Global Media Arts (GMA) Network, Incorporated, a Philippine multi-media conglomerate, is a television network in the Philippines. ...


Digital-television also launch on Many Cable TV Companies such as SkyCable, Global Destiny Cable, Cablelink and Some Major Cable TV Companies in Province Such as Negros Province, Cebu, Iloilo, Palawan, CALABARZON, Central Luzon, Ilocos Province, Davao, Misamis Province and Zamboanga will announced by 2008 or 2009. Cable television or Community Antenna Television (CATV) (and often shortened to cable) is a system of providing television, FM radio programming and other services to consumers via radio waves transmitted directly to people’s televisions through fixed coaxial cables as opposed to the over-the-air method used in... For the Manitoba-based MMDS service also called SkyCable, please see SkyCable (Manitoba). ... Global Destiny Cable is a direct-to-home cable TV subscription service. ... Map of the Philippines showing the location of Negros. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Cebu Region: Central Visayas (Region VII) Capital: Cebu City Founded: April 7, 1521 and April 27, 1565 Population: 2000 census—3,356,137 (largest) Density—660 per km² (6th highest) Area: 5,088. ... Iloilo is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. ... Palawan is an island province of the Philippines located in the Mimaropa region. ... CALABARZON is one of the regions of the Philippines. ... Central Luzon region contains the largest plain of the Philippines, and produces most of the countrys rice supply. ... Ilocos collectively refers to two provinces in the Philippines: Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur. ... Davao refers to several places in Mindanao in the Philippines. ... Misamis is the name of two provinces in the Philippines: Misamis Occidental Misamis Oriental This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Zamboanga refers to a place in western Mindanao in the Philippines. ...


Also Many Cable TV Channels launched in Digital-television will launched 8 HDTV Channels by 2008, 12 hdtv channels by 2009, 4 Local HDTV channels by Mid-2009 and 6 HDTV Channels in 2010. High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SECAM, PAL) allow. ... High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SECAM, PAL) allow. ... High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SECAM, PAL) allow. ... High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SECAM, PAL) allow. ...


Singapore

On Wednesday, May 31, 2006, Singapore kicked off the HDTV trials officially. Two Singaporean broadcasters were involved, Mediacorp (broadcasting HD in DVB-T) and Starhub CableVision (DVB-C). Both broadcast in 1080i, but at 50 Hz, inline with the traditional PAL frequency Singapore uses. Triallists were selected from applicants who had applied prior to May 31, 2006, and there are a total of 1,000 participants on the trial. These trials will end at the end of the year. Presumably then or before that, Starhub and Mediacorp will open it up to all subscribers to receive HD.


Taiwan (Republic of China)

Digital television launched terrestrially throughout Taiwan on July 2, 2004. Currently, there are simulcasts of analogue and digital television. Taiwan plans to replace analog broadcasting with a digital system by 2008. Analog signals are to be completely phased out by 2010. The ROC Cabinet approved a measure mandating that new televisions are to be equipped with a digital television tuner starting 2006. The rule will apply to TVs measuring between 21 and 29 inches in 2007, and to sets of all sizes in 2008, the Cabinet said in a statement. To assist lower income families with the switch to digital television, the ROC government plans to provide NT$300 million in aid to purchase converters or for the purchase of new digital televisions.[3]


Australia

Main article: Digital terrestrial television in Australia

Digital terrestrial television in Australia commenced on January 1, 2001, in the countrys five most populous cities, Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth. ...

Europe

// In Belgium, over 94% of all households have cable television. ...

Croatia

Croatian Television (HTV) have started to transmit DVB-S program in 1997. It transmits all three state-owned TV channel (HTV1, HTV2, HTV3 (which is now sold and today is broadcasting HRT Plus instead)), and three radio stations (HR1, HR2 and HR3). Now, satellite link is maintaned by the Croatian telecommunication company Odašiljači i veze.

The Croatia started to test DVB-T transmission early in 2001. It transmits 4 national TV channels (two state-owned) (HTV1, HTV2, RTL Televizija, Nova TV). Till 2007 Croatian national telecommunication company Odašiljači i veze built network of 9 transmitters and covering about 70% of terittory. It plans to close down analogue broadcasting in year 2010.
The HDTV broadcasting over DVB-T2 is experimentaly started at March 2007, at one transmitter in Zagreb DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 300 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC... RTL Televizija is a Croatian commercial television network, 65. ... Nova TV is a Croatian commercial television network launched in November 2000. ... High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SECAM, PAL) allow. ... DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ...


United Kingdom

The United Kingdom now has four major forms of broadcast digital television, a direct-to-home satellite service provided by British Sky Broadcasting (commonly known as Sky), digital cable television services provided by Virgin Media, and WightCable and a free-to-air digital terrestrial service called Freeview. In addition a IPTV system known as BT Vision is provided by BT. Individual access methods vary throughout the country. For most UK viewers, Sky or Virgin Media cable are the only sources of HDTV broadcast available and both come at a price over and above their standard TV packages. Alternate sources of HD content include games consoles (Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3), as well as Blu-Ray and HD-DVD disks. An Earth observation satellite, ERS 2 In the context of spaceflight, satellites are objects which have been placed into orbit by human endeavor. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... WightCable is a provider of commercial and residential cable television, telephone and broadband internet services in the United Kingdom. ... Freeview is the operator of free digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard. ... IPTV (Internet Protocol Television) is a system where a digital television service is delivered by using Internet Protocol over a network infrastructure, which may include delivery by a broadband connection. ... BT Vision is a service provided in the United Kingdom supplied by BT Group. ... BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (pronounced Bee tee) (also previously as British Telecom and is still commonly known as such amongst the general public) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ... Blu-ray discs Blu-ray Disc is a next-generation optical disc format jointly developed by a group of leading consumer electronics and PC companies called the Blu_ray Disc Association (BDA), which succeeds the Blu_ray Disc Founders (BDF). ... HD DVD, or High-Definition DVD is a high-density optical disc format designed for the storage of data and high-definition video. ...


Terrestrial

Main article: Digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom

The initial attempt at launching a digital terrestrial broadcasting service, ONdigital (later called ITV Digital), was unsuccessful and the company went into liquidation. Some observers have argued that this failure stemmed from the Government's eagerness in having sold off too much TV spectrum to launch Channel 5 (the last UK terrestrial analogue channel), and ONdigital's short-sightedness in over-extending its use of available bandwidth: using poor signal encoding to maintain compatibility with early set-top boxes, optimising their broadcasts for capacity rather than reliability, and cramming too many channels into the available bandwidth. Digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom is made up of over fifty primarily free-to-air television channels (including all the national analogue stations) and over twenty radio channels from Freeview, Top Up TV and Setanta Sports. ... ITV Digital used to be the sole British terrestrial digital television broadcaster. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Five (often referred as five, as per the logo), formerly, and more commonly known as Channel 5, is the British fifth and final national analogue terrestrial TV channel. ... The term set-top box (STB) describes a device that connects to a television and some external source of signal, and turns the signal into content then displayed on the screen. ...


ITV Digital was replaced in late 2002 by Freeview, which uses the same DVB-T technology, but with higher levels of error correction and more robust (but lower-capacity) modulation on the "Public Service" multiplexes in an attempt to counter the reception problems which dogged its predecessor. Rather than concentrating on Pay TV services, Freeview uses the available capacity to provide a free-to-air service that includes all the existing five free-to-air analogue terrestrial channels and about twenty new digital channels. All services are transmitted in SDTV mode. Also see: 2002 (number). ... Freeview is the operator of free digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard. ... DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ... In computer science and information theory, error correction consists of using methods to detect and/or correct errors in the transmission or storage of data by the use of some amount of redundant data and (in the case of transmission) the selective retransmission of incorrect segments of the data. ... Pay television, or pay-TV, usually refers to subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analogue and digital cable and satellite, but also increasingly by digital terrestrial methods. ... Freeview is the operator of free digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard. ... Free-to-air is a phrase used to describe television and radio broadcasts which are available without subscription and without decryption (pay-TV). ... ...

Top Up TV hours from Autumn 2006

March 31, 2004 saw the return of a limited pay-television offering to the digital terrestrial platform with the launch of Top Up TV. This new service is designed to appeal to those who do not want to pay the high subscription fees that Sky Television and the Cable networks demand. The service carries a restricted hours service of some of the UK’s most watched channels including the Discovery Channel, UKTV Gold, Discovery Real Time, British Eurosport and Cartoon Network, sharing just three different slots. In October 2006, Top Up TV renamed itself Top Up TV Anytime, taking advantage of the increase in the popularity of PVRs, and its limited channel space. Now over 100 programs (not channel) are broadcast overnight and added to the boxes hard drive, so that it may be watched at any time. Channels that provides content for the overnight service include MTV, Nickelodeon and Hallmark Channel. Image File history File links Ukftopuptv06. ... Image File history File links Ukftopuptv06. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Top Up TV is a British television company registered on the island of Jersey, that offers subscription television services via digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom. ... Discovery Channel is a United States-based TV channel founded by John Hendricks. ... UKTV Gold, (previously known as UK Gold until March 8, 2004), is a British television channel that shows mainly classic BBC entertainment programmes. ... Eurosport is the largest European sports satellite and cable network available in 54 countries and broadcasting in 18 different languages. ... Cartoon Network (commonly abbreviated as CN) is a cable television network created by Turner Broadcasting which primarily shows animated programming. ... MTV (Music Television) is an American cable television network based in New York City. ... This article is about the TV channel. ... The Hallmark Channel is a cable television network that broadcasts in over 100 countries. ...


2005 saw the first areas of the United Kingdom losing their analogue signal in a pilot test. The residents of Ferryside and Llansteffan in Carmarthenshire, Wales who had not already upgraded to digital television were given a free set-top box to receive the Freeview television service, which includes Channel 4 (previously unavailable terrestrially from transmitters in Wales) and S4C~2, which broadcasts sessions of the National Assembly for Wales. Digital transmissions for this pilot commenced in December 2004, at which time a message was added to the analogue picture advising viewers that the analogue services would end in February 2005. If the pilot is a success it will have paved the way for switch-over to digital television signals throughout the United Kingdom by the Government's unofficial deadline of 2012. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Carmarthenshire (Welsh: ) is a one of thirteen historic counties and a principal area in Wales. ... This article is about the country. ... Freeview is the operator of free digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard. ... Channel 4 is a public-service British television station, broadcast to all areas of the United Kingdom (and also the Republic of Ireland), which began transmissions in 1982. ... S4C (Sianel Pedwar Cymru, which is Welsh for Channel Four Wales) is a television channel in Wales. ... Type Unicameral Presiding Officer Dafydd Elis-Thomas Members 60 Political groups Labour Plaid Cymru Conservative Liberal Democrats Last elections May 3, 2007 Meeting place Senedd, Cardiff, Wales Web site http://www. ... 2012 (MMXII) will be a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The year 2005 also saw the announcement by Ofcom about the proposed analogue switch off plans for the UK. It is proposed that the switch off will progress on an ITV region by region basis starting in 2008 starting in the Border Television region and ending in the Channel Television region in 2012. The coverage of the 3 public service broadcasting multiplexes will be the same as that enjoyed by the current analogue TV stations (98.5% of the population), while the 3 commercial multiplexes will eventually cover 90% of the population. One transmitter, Sandale will be removed from service, with nearby Caldbeck carrying the both English and Scottish versions Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ... Independent Television (generally known as ITV, but also as ITV Network) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters, set up under the Independent Television Authority (ITA) to provide competition to the BBC. ITV is the oldest commercial television network in the UK. Since 1990 and the Broadcasting... Border Television (now legally known as ITV Border Ltd) is the ITV franchisee for the border region between England and Scotland (including the south of Scotland, much of Cumbria and, until December 2006, the town of Berwick-upon-Tweed), and also the Crown Dependency of the Isle of Man, owned... The current Channel TV ident Channel Television (CTV) is a British television station which has served as an Independent Television (ITV), contractor to the Channel Islands since 1962. ...


Long standing interference issues in the Meridian and Anglia franchise areas require a small number of new transmitters will be brought into service when those regions are converted in 2010 and 2011.[citation needed] Meridian Broadcasting (ITV Meridian) is the holder of the ITV franchise for South and South East England. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2011 (MMXI) will be a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See Digital switchover in the United Kingdom The Digital Tick Digital switchover is the name given to the process by which analogue broadcast television in an area is converted to digital television. ...


Freeview HD

The BBC already produces some programs (documentaries and drama) in HD for a service on digital satellite[4], and foreign markets, such as the USA and Japan. The corporation intends to produce all its programmes in HD by the year 2010, and to broadcast all of its channels in HD "as soon as practical".[5] The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


There are no immediate launch plans for HDTV versions of the Freeview and Top Up TV digital terrestrial television services, because there is no spare bandwidth available nationally. This may change after the UK's analogue television signals are switched off (currently scheduled to take place on a regional basis between 2008 and 2012). However no special provision is being made by Ofcom for HDTV, and broadcasters will have to bid against other uses for the frequencies during the Digital Dividend Review. Freeview is the operator of free digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard. ... Top Up TV is a British television company registered on the island of Jersey, that offers subscription television services via digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom. ... Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels and/or better quality of picture and sound using aerial broadcasts to a conventional antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2012 (MMXII) will be a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ... Digital switchover is the name given to the process by which analogue broadcast television in an area is converted to digital television. ...


The BBC, ITV, Channel 4 and Five ran terrestrial HDTV trials involving 450 homes in the London area during June-December 2006 on locally unused frequencies [6]. As part of this trial, the BBC is already broadcasting BBC HD which is free to air but cannot be received by any set-top boxes currently commercially available. It can however be received and played back by a PC equipped with a DVB-t card that is within range (as the broadcast is not encrypted) using a software h264 decoder. The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... Independent Television (generally known as ITV, but also as ITV Network) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters, set up under the Independent Television Authority (ITA) to provide competition to the BBC. ITV is the oldest commercial television network in the UK. Since 1990 and the Broadcasting... Channel 4 is a public-service British television station, broadcast to all areas of the United Kingdom (and also the Republic of Ireland), which began transmissions in 1982. ... Five (often referred as five, as per the logo), formerly, and more commonly known as Channel 5, is the British fifth and final national analogue terrestrial TV channel. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC HD is the high-definition television channel launched by the BBC on a trial basis from May 15, 2006, with the first HD originated programme, Planet Earth, shown on May 27. ... Free-to-air (FTA) television (TV) and radio broadcasts are sent unencrypted and may be received via any suitable receiver. ...


Cable

Trials of the UK's first HDTV service began on 2 December 2005. Telewest, a cable TV company now known as Virgin Media, distributed HDTV programs to 400 customers in the south London area. On 10 March 2006 NTL confirmed that HDTV was available nationally in the former Telewest areas. The service is provided via a personal video recorder, branded as TV Drive, and costs GBP 10 per month on top of Telewest's top TV package, or GBP 15 per month on top of lower tiers.WightCable also provide cable television to the residents of the Isle of Wight. is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A digital video recorder (DVR) is a device that records video to a digital storage medium in digital form. ... “GBP” redirects here. ... WightCable is a provider of commercial and residential cable television, telephone and broadband internet services in the United Kingdom. ...


Satellite

BBC satellite regions
BBC satellite regions

On November 1, 2005 ITV turned off encryption on all of its satellite based signals, following the lead from the BBC. These transmissions are on a limited spotbeam which is aimed primarily towards the United Kingdom, via the Astra 2D satellite located at 28.2 degrees east. This theoretical limits reception to the UK, Ireland and Iceland, allowing ITV to fulfill licensing agreements with content producers. However, many people report successful reception of these signals from across Europe by using larger dishes. Image File history File links BBC_satellite_regions. ... Image File history File links BBC_satellite_regions. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Independent Television (generally known as ITV, but also as ITV Network) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters, set up under the Independent Television Authority (ITA) to provide competition to the BBC. ITV is the oldest commercial television network in the UK. Since 1990 and the Broadcasting... VideoGuard, produced by NDS, is a digital encryption system for use with conditional access television broadcasting. ... Astra 2D is one of a group of satellites operated by SES Astra, located at 28. ...


Details on tuning all Free-To-Air BBC and ITV stations, including a how-to for the Sky Digibox are available here [7][8]. An Amstrad Digibox with Viewing Card Inserted A Sky Digital Viewing Card The Digibox is a device marketed by British Sky Broadcasting in the UK and Republic of Ireland to enable home users to receive digital satellite television broadcasts (satellite receiver). ...


Sky HD is offered by BSkyB in both the United Kingdom and Ireland as an add-on to their existing Sky Digital subscription service. The BBC is broadcasting BBC HD as a free to air channel from the Astra 2D satellite, and the channel can be viewed for free with suitable satellite reception equipment. There are additional equipment and subscription charges for HD from Sky TV but they are broadcasting an increasing number of channels in the HD format. Sky also offers a free-to-air version of its regular Sky Digital service known as Freesat from Sky. The Sky HD logo Sky HD is the brand name of the HDTV service launched by BSkyB on 22 May 2006 in the UK and the Republic of Ireland to enable high definition channels on Sky Digital to be viewed. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings digital satellite television service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28. ... BBC HD is the high-definition television channel launched by the BBC on a trial basis from May 15, 2006, with the first HD originated programme, Planet Earth, shown on May 27. ... Free-to-air (FTA) television (TV) and radio broadcasts are sent unencrypted and may be received via any suitable receiver. ... Astra 2D is one of a group of satellites operated by SES Astra, located at 28. ... Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings digital satellite television service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28. ... BSkyB Logo Freesat from Sky is a British non subscription based satellite service from BSkyB which gives viewers access to 150 channels. ...


On 12 July, 2006, the BBC and ITV announced a free-to-air satellite service as a competitor to Freesat from Sky, to be temporarily called Freesat. [9] It will be available around Autumn 2007. [10] The service will cover all BBC and ITV digital TV channels, plus interactive services, radio channels, and other channels. It is being touted as the satellite equivalent to Freeview, especially for areas unable to receive the Freeview DTT service. [11]. However, the purchase of 17.9% of ITV by BSkyB in December 2006 may see this project cancelled. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB - formerly two companies, Sky Television and British Satellite Broadcasting, which merged) is a company that operates the most popular subscription television service in the Ireland. ...


Freesat from Sky provides a non-subscription card for public service broadcast channels Channel 4 and Five, however Film4, Film4+1 are free-to-air. BSkyB Logo Freesat from Sky is a British non subscription based satellite service from BSkyB which gives viewers access to 150 channels. ... Channel 4 is a public-service British television station, broadcast to all areas of the United Kingdom (and also the Republic of Ireland), which began transmissions in 1982. ... Five, launched in 1997, is the fifth and final national terrestrial analogue television channel to launch in the United Kingdom. ...


Republic of Ireland

In the Republic of Ireland, digital television is confined to Sky Ireland (operated by BSkyB satellite service (available nationwide) and UPC's digital-cable service. The deployment of digital terrestrial television in Ireland has had a chequered history, with the first tests being carried out in 1998, but no public trials until August 2006. ... Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings digital satellite television service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28. ... UPC is a three letter acronym that can stand for: Uganda Peoples Congress Ultra Personal Computer Unified Parallel C Uniform Plumbing Code Union des Populations du Cameroun United Pan-Europe Communications United Pentecostal Church United Poultry Concerns United Presbyterian Church Universal Product Code Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya University...


A free-to-air digital terrestrial and satellite service called yet to be named will be launched in late 2008 and is currently being tested by national broadcaster RTÉ.


New Zealand

In New Zealand, digital television is confined to Sky's satellite service (available nationwide) and TelstraClear's cable service (available in Wellington and Christchurch). A free-to-air digital terrestrial and satellite service called Freeview was launched in 2007. SKY Network Television Limited (ASX: SKT; NZX: SKT), often trading as SKY, was New Zealands first pay television service and is at present, 2006, New Zealands largest pay television operator. ... TelstraClear is New Zealands second largest full-service telecommunications company. ... For other uses, see Wellington (disambiguation). ... Christchurch (Māori: ) is the regional capital of Canterbury, New Zealand. ... possible Freeview logo FreeView is a non-profit free-to-air digital television service planned for New Zealand. ...


North America

Canada

The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) has adopted the same digital television standard for Canadian stations as the United States. The CRTC initially decided not to enforce a single date for transitioning to digital broadcasts, opting to let the economy decide when the switchover will occur. However, a later decision settled on the date of August 31, 2011. The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC, in French Conseil de la radiodiffusion et des télécommunications canadiennes) was established in 1968 by the Canadian Parliament to replace the Board of Broadcast Governors. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2011 (MMXI) will be a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


CITY-TV Toronto was the first Canadian station to provide digital terrestrial service. As of 2005, other digital stations on-air included the CBC and Radio-Canada stations in Toronto and Montreal, as well as CTV's CFTO Toronto and CIVT Vancouver, and CKXT (SUN TV). This list is not necessarily exhaustive and other station launches are pending, although all are in the major markets of Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal. Also, this does not include digital or high definition versions of specialty services. In accordance with Wikipedia convention for articles on television stations, this article is titled with the stations official government-assigned call sign. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... CBC Television is a Canadian English language television network. ... Télévision de Radio-Canada, often simply Radio-Canada, is the main French language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Quebec Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... CTV is a TLA that may stand for: CTV Television Network - a Canadian English language television network Channel Television - the main television broadcaster in the Channel Islands Chukyo TV. Broadcasting - a Japanese TV station in Nagoya This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that... CFTO (also commonly known as CTV Toronto) is a Canadian television station, licensed to, and serving Toronto, Ontario and surrounding areas. ... CIVT, also known as BC CTV, CTV 9 and CTV British Columbia, is a Bell Globemedia television station in Vancouver, British Columbia, and is a part of the CTV Television Network. ... Motto: By Sea, Land, and Air We Prosper Location of Vancouver within the Greater Vancouver Regional District in British Columbia, Canada Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  British Columbia Region Lower Mainland Regional District Greater Vancouver Incorporated 1886 Government  - Mayor Sam Sullivan (NPA)  - City Council List of Councilors Suzanne Anton (NPA) Peter... CKXT is a broadcast television station in Toronto, Ontario, Canada which uses the on-air brand of Sun TV. The station began broadcasting on September 19, 2003, on channel 52. ... Projection screen in a home theater, displaying a high-definition television image. ... A specialty service or specialty channel is a television service, generally not available through conventional broadcast television, which consists of programming focused on a single type or targeted at a specific demographic. ...


In Canada, on November 22, 2003, CBC had their first broadcast in HD, in the form of the Heritage Classic outdoor NHL game between the Edmonton Oilers and the Montreal Canadiens. Bell ExpressVu, a Canadian satellite company, Rogers Cable and Videotron provide somewhat more than 21 HDTV channels to their subscribers including TSN HD, SportsNet HD, Discovery HD (Canadian Edition), The Movie Network HD, and several U.S. stations plus some PBS feeds and a couple of pay-TV movie channels. CTV Toronto broadcast in HD along with its western counterpart, BC CTV. They were also the first to broadcast a terrestrial HD digital ATSC signal in Canada. Global joined the crowd in late 2004. Other networks are continuing to announce availability of HD signals. CHUM Limited's Citytv in Toronto was the first HDTV broadcaster in Canada; however, now most cable and satellite subscribers across Canada can access multiple channels in HDTV with major American and Canadian affiliate stations broadcasting HDTV signals with no CANCON overlay for advertising. Typically these channels are NBC HD, ABC HD, CBS HD, FOX HD, TSN HD, Sportsnet HD, CBC HD etc. as of Summer 2006. CBC HD officially launched their HDTV programming on March 5, 2005. CBC HD broadcasts the first game of their Hockey Night In Canada Saturday double header in HDTV. The 2006 NHL Playoff games have seen an increased amount of HDTV coverage as well. StarChoice, another Canadian satellite provider, currently offers its subscribers 14 HDTV channels at no extra cost. Shaw Cable has found limited success with HDTV implementation since the cost of a HD PVR is near the $750 CAD mark. Monthly rentals for this equipment are not available; however, they do offer financing on 36-month terms through a third-party credit company. is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ... Gretzky and Lafleur at the ceremonial faceoff A group photo of the MegaStars, joined by Raj Binder, far left The Heritage Classic was an outdoor ice hockey game played on November 22, 2003 in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada between the Edmonton Oilers and the Montreal Canadiens. ... The Edmonton Oilers are a professional ice hockey team based in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ... The Montreal Canadiens (French: ) are a professional ice hockey team based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Bell ExpressVu is the division of Bell Canada which sells digital television services in Canada. ... An Earth observation satellite, ERS 2 In the context of spaceflight, satellites are objects which have been placed into orbit by human endeavor. ... Rogers Communications Inc. ... Vidéotron Limited is an integrated communications company active in cable television, interactive multimedia development, video on demand and Internet access services, serving Quebec, Canada. ... CTV is a TLA that may stand for: CTV Television Network - a Canadian English language television network Channel Television - the main television broadcaster in the Channel Islands Chukyo TV. Broadcasting - a Japanese TV station in Nagoya This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the history of the CHUM Limiteds former assets, for the current ownership see CTVglobemedia. ... In accordance with Wikipedia convention for articles on television stations, this article is titled with the stations official government-assigned call sign. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hockey Night in Canada (HNIC) is a popular television broadcast of National Hockey League games in Canada, produced by the CBC. Hockey Night consistently remains one of the highest-rated Canadian programs on television. ... StarChoice is Canadas second direct broadcast satellite television distributor (the other being Bell ExpressVu), and is majority-owned by cable TV operator Shaw Communications Inc. ... Shaw is Canadas second largest cable television operator, after Rogers Communications. ...


Mexico

Mexican television company Televisa made experimental HDTV broadcasts in the early-1990s, in collaboration with Japan's NHK. Some events now broadcast in high definition. Televisa is the largest media company in the Spanish-speaking world[1], followed by TV Azteca, and a major player in the international entertainment business. ... NHK Broadcasting Center in Shibuya, Tokyo NHK (, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai), or the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, is Japans public broadcaster. ...


During the first half of 2005, at least one cable provider in Mexico City (Cablevision) has begun to offer 5 HDTV channels to subscribers purchasing a digital video recorder (DVR). Nickname: Motto: Ciudad en movimiento Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ...


In 2005, TV Azteca signed a deal with Harris Corporation's broadcast communications division for digital TV transmitters and HDTV encoding equipment to bring high-definition TV to nine Mexican cities.


The launch will be carried out in two phases. By the third quarter of 2006, HDTV transmissions will be available in Mexico's largest markets: Mexico City, Guadalajara and Monterrey. Phase Two of the national rollout will bring HDTV services to six cities along the Mexico-U.S. border (Matamoros, Reynosa, Nuevo Laredo, Ciudad Juarez, Mexicali and Tijuana) through the first half of 2006. This rollout takes advantage of HDTV receivers already in place thanks to an earlier HDTV rollout by stations on the American side of the border.


Also, TV Azteca has planned to broadcast the Mexican football tournament in HDTV. And almost all retailers have started shipping televisions with HDTV tuners. TV Azteca is the second largest Mexican television network. ...


XETV in Tijuana, Baja California - across the border from San Diego, California - is on the air in HDTV using 720p format. This affiliate of the American Fox TV Network is on UHF channel 23 broadcasting from Mt. San Antonio in Tijuana, Mexico with 403,000 watts, directed primarily northward at San Diego. In January 2006, Televisa's XEFB-TV and Multimedios' XHAW-TV in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon began HDTV transmissions on UHF channels 48 and 50, respectively. In February 2006, Televisa's XHUAA in Tijuana began its HDTV transmissions on channel 20. Unfortunately they have no HDTV programs. Channel 20 broadcasts an upconverted version of the programs of XHUAA's analog signal on channel 57. In Guadalajara, Televisa channels 2 (XHGA HD),4 (XHG HD) and 9 (XEWO HD) and TV Azteca channels 11 (XHSFJ 1) and 13 (XHJAL 1)are available in 1080i format.


Currently There Are 36 Digital Channels in Mexico There are:



7 in Mexico DF
6 in Monterrey
5 in Guadalajara
5 in Tijuana
3 in Juarez
3 in Mexicali
2 in Reynosa
2 in Matamoros
3 in Nuevo Laredo


The Transition calls for 6 Triannual Periods and started on July 5th, 2004 just three days after they adopted ATSC. The Analog Signal will be Cutoff no later than January 1st, 2022. The Analog signal Can be Turned off in a Region once COFETEL determines that there is a High enough presence of Digital TVs.


Digital Presence = At least 20% of what is reached by the Analog signal
Digital Replication = At least 90% of what is reached by analog Signal


Phase I (July 5th, 2004 - December 31st 2006)


Digital Presence of at Least 2 Commercial Signals in the Following cities:



México, D.F.
Monterrey, N.L.
Guadalajara, Jal.
Tijuana, B.C.
Mexicali, B.C.
Cd. Juárez, Chih.
Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas
Matamoros, Tamaulipas
Reynosa, Tamaulipas


Phase II (January 1st, 2007 - December 31st 2009)


Digital Replication of Signal of Phase I
Digital Presence of at Least 2 Commercial Signals in cities with 1.5 million people or more.


Phase III (January 1st, 2010 - December 31st 2012)


Digital Replication of Signal of Phase II
Digital presence of Non Commercial signals in cities with 1.5 million people or more.
Digital Presence of at Least 2 Commercial Signals in cities with 1 million people or more.



All digital Channels must Broadcast at Least 20% HDTV. At least one hour during Primetime, and at least one hour during the morning.


Phase IV (January 1st, 2013 - December 31st 2015)


Digital Replication of Signal of Phase III
Digital presence of Non Commercial signals in cities with 1 million people or more.
Digital Presence of at Least 2 Commercial Signals in cities with Half A Million people or more.


Phase V (January 1st, 2016 - December 31st 2018)


Digital Replication of Signal of Phase IV
Digital presence of Non Commercial signals in cities with Half A Million people or more.
Digital Presence of at Least 2 Commercial Signals in cities with 150 thousand people or more.


Phase VI (January 1st, 2019 - December 31st 2021)


Digital Replication of all Analog Signals


El Salvador

El Salvador will use and eventually adopt the Brazilian standard SBTVD-T for terrestrial transmissions.


Guatemala

The broadcast started at the beginning of the 2006 FIFA World Cup on ATSC standard and channel 3 and 7, on HD on 17 & 19. Qualifying countries The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the eighteenth instance of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international association football world championship tournament. ...


United States

Main article: High-definition television in the United States

In the United States, digital television specifications are defined by the ATSC. There are many ways to obtain it - via cable or satellite TV (through providers like Cox, Comcast, and Dish Network, among others), or via free-to-air terrestrial television. Alternate sources of HD content include games consoles (Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3), as well as Blu-Ray and HD-DVD disks. The FCC has notified U.S. television broadcasters that the standard for transmitting TV over-the-air shall change from analog to digital. ... The Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) is the group that helped to develop the new digital television standard for the United States, also adopted by Canada, Mexico and South Korea and being considered by other countries. ... Cox Enterprises is the successor to the publishing company founded at Dayton, Ohio, by James Middleton Cox, who began with the Dayton Daily News. ... Comcast Corporation, (NASDAQ: CMCSA) based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is the largest cable company[1] and the second largest Internet service provider in the United States. ... DISH Network is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service that provides satellite television and audio programming to households and businesses in the United States, owned by parent company EchoStar Communications Corporation. ... Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels and/or better quality of picture and sound using aerial broadcasts to a conventional antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ... Blu-ray discs Blu-ray Disc is a next-generation optical disc format jointly developed by a group of leading consumer electronics and PC companies called the Blu_ray Disc Association (BDA), which succeeds the Blu_ray Disc Founders (BDF). ... HD DVD, or High-Definition DVD is a high-density optical disc format designed for the storage of data and high-definition video. ...


Current standards

Currently, there are four main varieties of digital television, as defined by the ATSC standard used by the US. The pinnacle of digital television is HD, using either the 720p or 1080i standards. However, because of the way the ATSC standard is structured, the HD channels are in practice one huge subchannel. Thus, for broadcasters who want to broadcast additional channels, standard-definition (480i, to maintain compatibility with existing NTSC sets) and so-called "enhanced-definition" television (480p, about the same quality as current DVDs) are used.


A digital television set (as sold in the US) usually uses a 16:9 aspect ratio display with an integrated ATSC tuner. Lower-resolution sources like regular DVDs may be upscaled to the native resolution of the TV. However, in the industry there is a push for HDTV, even though many stations are offering services in SDTV. The aspect ratio of an image is its displayed width divided by its height (usually expressed as x:y or x×y, with the joining colon or multiplication symbol articulated as the preposition by or sometimes to). Currently, the most popular standard ratios are the anamorphic (2. ... Advance Television Systems Committe (ATSC) tuner allows reception of over the air high definition digital television signals in North America and South Korea. ... ...


Cable and satellite

Currently, most Americans get their digital television via cable or satellite. The regular digital cable/satellite service normally uses 480p. Most providers are providing content in HD, mainly either using the DVB standard (DVB-S/-C) or via Digicipher II. DigiCipher 2, or simply DCII, is a digital signal compression standard used on many communications satellite television and audio signals. ...


Terrestrial

Recent developments

It is estimated that by the end of 2006, 10% of American TVs will be HDTVs, but in the same survey, 83% of Americans are not satisfied with the HDTV they are getting. It is estimated that by the end of 2010, 59% of American TVs will be HDTVs. 50 channels will be broadcast in HD.


While many in the industry wanted a flexible or delayed deadline, FCC attempted to force the issue (at the behest of Congress, which wants to reclaim the spectrum for emergency services, as well as to conduct the auction of frequencies 76-88 MHz and old analog channels 60 to 69, as well channels 52 to 59 in the near future), by mandating DTV tuners be phased in to all new TV sets, beginning with the largest. Many dates were proposed, but Congress finally fixed February 17th, 2009, in law as the maximum end date for analog television authorizations. [2] Because this date comes after the NCAA's Bowl Championship Series and the NFL's Super Bowl XLIII, there will be less of a chance of an acute hardware shortage from people waiting until the last minute to purchase an ATSC tuner than there would have been with a January 1 cutoff. The original deadline of January 1, 2006 was abolished when it was realized that TV stations and customers would not be able to meet the earlier deadline. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A tuner is a device to adjust the resonant frequency of an antenna or transmission line to work most efficiently at one frequency or band of frequencies. ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often pronounced N-C-Double-A or N-C-Two-A ) is a voluntary association of about 1,200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... BCS Logo 2006-Present with logo of Television Rightsholder Fox Broadcasting Company The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) is designed to pair the top two teams in college football against each other in the BCS National Championship Game, with the winner being the BCS national champion. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... Super Bowl XLIII will be the 43rd Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... Advance Television Systems Committe (ATSC) tuner allows reception of over the air high definition digital television signals in North America and South Korea. ...


South America

Argentina

Argentina selected the ATSC standard back in 1998 (Res.2387/98) and has been conducting experimental broadcasts since 1999 but the government later overruled the decision. The current government in Argentina appears to be reconsidering its earlier decision. ATSC and DVB-T are apparently both being considered, but there appears to be no interest in ISDB-T. The governments of Argentina and Brazil had decided independently which digital TV standard each nation would deploy, but have recently agreed to work together to implement a single standard for the Mercosur customs union. While HDTV-ready TVs sales are increasing in this country, no single HD feed is currently available. Local cable company "Cablevision" will start HDTV transmission on January 20, 2007. Major TV broadcasters, namely Canal 13 and Telefe, started to show some HDTV samples in electronic shows. Canal 13 has invested in ATSC equipment, and the recent decision by the government to review this in favour of DVB added some turmoil in an already clogged scenario for such decision. Due to lack of clear directives, consumer electronic market offers LCD and Plasma equipment without digital tuners, only NTSC/PAL analog ones are included at the moment (may 2007). At the same time, some equipment were marketed as "HD-ready" when, in fact, they offered only a 852x480 pixel resolution, clearly insufficient to fulfill that claim. ATSC Standards document a digital television format intended to replace (in the United States) the analog NTSC television system (NTSC is used mostly in North America and Japan). ... DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ... Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB) is the digital television (DTV) and digital audio broadcasting (DAB) format. ...


Brazil

Main article: SBTVD

The SBTVD standard was proposed by government in the end of 2005 - being able to be compatible with either ISDB, ATSC or DVB. The Brazilian government took a while to decide which standard to choose, but on June 29th 2006, President Luis Inácio Lula da Silva signed a decree choosing ISDB-T as the national standard. Various criteria were taken into account, including better technical quality, robustness, and a US$2 billion investment on construction of a semiconductor factory in the country financed by NEC, Sony, Panasonic and Toshiba (which would allow for the TV sets and decoders to be built in the country). The terrestrial standard, which will be free and accessible "country-wide", is slated for commercial launch December 2007. The transition to ISDB is expected to take at least 9 years. The analog system will be shutdown in 2016. Manufacturers will adopt the new standard for new TV sets and will also make converters (set top boxes) available for older analogue PAL-M TV's. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB) is the digital television (DTV) and digital audio broadcasting (DAB) format. ... Established in 1982, the Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) is the group that developed the ATSC digital television standard for the United States, also adopted by Canada, Mexico, South Korea, and recently Honduras and is being considered by other countries. ... Official DVB logo, found on compliant devices DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted open standards for digital television. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (born October 6, 1945) is a left-wing Brazilian politician. ... Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB) is the digital television (DTV) and digital audio broadcasting (DAB) format. ... NEC Corporation (Japanese: Nippon Denki Kabushiki Gaisha; TYO: 6701 , NASDAQ: NIPNY) is a Japanese multinational IT company headquartered in Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... Panasonic is an international brand name for Japanese electric products manufacturer Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. ... Toshiba Corporations headquarters (Center) in Hamamatsucho, Tokyo Toshiba Corporation sales by division for year ending March, 31 2005 Toshiba Corporation ) (TYO: 6502 ) is a multinational high technology electrical and electronics manufacturing firm, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. ... Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels and/or better quality of picture and sound using aerial broadcasts to a conventional antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... 2016 (MMXVI) will be a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Television encoding systems by nation. ...


Uruguay

While HDTV-ready TV sets are available at the country, a few factors seem to constrain the development of the new technology in the near term:

  • Prices for LCD, Plasma and DLP-based TV sets can be two times more expensive in Uruguay than in the region, or four times more expensive than in the US, while wages are also lower than in the region. Some DLP-based displays can cost up to US$7000 in Uruguay as of 2006. There have been few examples, if any, of CRT-based HDTV sets. Taxes seem to play a huge factor in the high prices.
  • The cable industry has, then, few incentives to provide other services beyond basic TV services: Internet-by-cable and cable telephony have been either strictly prohibited by law or thwarted by high taxes on equipment that make a business case for newer technologies unfeasible. Digital Cable has started rolling out, with an initial 100% increase of monthly cost for the SD digital service. High prices for HDTV sets do not help. Some of the cable companies for the largest markets are also owned by the largest local TV content providers, which as of 2006 have not started broadcasting any HDTV content since there has not been an approval of which standard is to be used by the government. One broadcast TV channel (Tveo) owned by the state, has not started to make HDTV tests, demos or broadcasts, while at the same time its content is of low quality.
  • DirecTV might be in a better position to provide HDTV content, given that they have experience and content from the US and given that they serve the whole continent. But DirecTV's policy in Uruguay has been that of providing "leftover" equipment from Argentina to its customers in Uruguay (i.e., first-generation RCA receivers), which as of now do not support HDTV content or Dolby AC-3 Sound. Uruguayan DirecTV customers have no way of buying an alternative DirecTV set, as in the States or in Argentina, other than that provided by DirecTV.
  • Uruguay hoped for neighboring countries reaching an agreement on an HDTV standard, but so far that does not seem to be the case. Brazil has adopted the ISDB system, while Argentina and Uruguay have historically used TV systems based on a European standard (PAL-N 625/50 Hz). Now Argentina seems to be settling on the ATSC standard, and Uruguayan URSEC authorities have provided no information on which road they will go. The TV sets being sold in Uruguay seem to be closer to ATSC HDTV-based standards (60 Hz systems). If a 50 Hz standard is adopted, consumers who bought 60 Hz might get hurt if there is a lack of compatibility with the sets being sold. Most of the DVD-based content in the country is NTSC/60 Hz-based, while the TV standard in use is PAL/50 Hz-based. Most of the analog TV sets sold are PAL-N, PAL-M and NTSC capable, while most DVD players are multiregion. Authorities are not asking retailers to identify which standard the HDTV sets sold adhere to, nor have they required retailers to warn consumers that Uruguay has not yet settled on any given HDTV standard. Most tech-savvy consumers feel uneasy about buying for themselves, or recommending to friends, such high-priced TV sets while so much doubt surrounds HDTV standards in the country. On the bright side, it seems that most HDTV standards support both 60/50 streams, so that should not be an issue since the TV sets will have to also support both standards to be certified.

Chile

Chile has recently announced that the Standard will not be decided because the cabinet change in April 2007. HDTV-ready TVs are available quite long. TVN has made HDTV tests in 1999, Canal 13 is now broadcasting only in Santiago a test transmission in the three HDTV formats (ATSC, DVB and ISDB), in Valparaiso UCV in making only ATSC broadcastings tests only for the Valparaiso area and Canal 13 also has made tests in DVB format in April 2007 exclusive for the Valparaiso area.


References

  1. ^ Brasil fecha acordo com padrão japonês de TV digital (2006-06-26).
  2. ^ 47 USC 309(j)(14)(A) [1] as amended by section 3002 of S.1932 signed into law February 8, 2006

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Code (U.S.C.) is a compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal law of the United States. ...

External links

HDTV

  • List of Network HDTV affiliates (as of May 1, 1999; way behind the times)
  • MilwaukeeHDTV

Brazil

Canada

  • CRTC Public Notice

Japan

Mexico

  • Mexican HDTV
  • COFETEL

Regulators and organisations

Domestic promotion

  • D-pa
  • BPA(Japanese)

Industrial

Satellite

  • B-SAT
  • JSAT

Conditional acesss

Broadcasters and DTV Channel operators


  Results from FactBites:
 
Digital television - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (726 words)
Digital television (DTV) is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound by means of digital signals, in contrast to analog signals in analog (traditional) tv.
All early SDTV television standards were analog in nature, and SDTV digital television systems derive much of their structure from the need to be compatible with analog television.
Today most viewers receive digital television via a set-top box, which decodes the digital signals into signals that analog televisions can understand, but a slowly growing number of TV sets with integrated receivers are already available.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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