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Encyclopedia > List of current systems for electric rail traction

This a list of the voltages used or have been used for tramway and railway electrification systems. Overhead wire in Coventry, England Overhead wire and its suspension system in Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA A railway electrification system is a way of supplying electric power to electric locomotives and multiple units. ...


Note the voltages are nominal, and vary depending on load and distance from the substation.

Contents

Key to the tables below

  • Conductors:
    • overhead line or
    • conductor rail, usually a third rail to one side of the running rails
      • Conductor rail can be:
        • top contact: oldest, least safe, affected by ice, snow and leaves
        • side contact: newer, safer, less affected by ice, snow and leaves
        • bottom contact: newer, safer, least affected by ice, snow and leaves

International safety symbol Caution, risk of electric shock (ISO 3864), colloquially known as high voltage symbol. ... Direct current (DC or continuous current) is the continuous flow of electricity through a conductor such as a wire from high to low potential. ... For other uses, see Frequency (disambiguation). ... This article is about the SI unit of frequency. ... City lights viewed in a motion blurred exposure. ... In electrical engineering, single-phase electric power refers to the distribution of electric power using a system in which all the voltages of the supply vary in unison. ... Three-phase power transformer which is the sole transfer point for electricity to a suburban shopping mall in Canada. ... Third rail at the West Falls Church Metro stop in Washington, D.C., electrified to 750 volts. ...

Systems using Standard Voltages

Voltages are defined by two standards: BS EN 50163 and IEC 60850


600 V DC Overhead

This voltage is used by older tram systems worldwide.

Country Name of System Location Notes
Flag of Australia Australia   Melbourne  
Flag of Canada Canada   Toronto  
Flag of Finland Finland   Helsinki  
Flag of Estonia Estonia   Tallinn  
Japan Most tram lines    
Chōshi Electric Railway Chōshi, Chiba  
Eizan Electric Railway Kyoto, Kyoto  
Enoshima Electric Railway Kanagawa  
Iyotetsu Takahama Line Matsuyama, Ehime  
Shizuoka Railway Shizuoka, Shizuoka  
Tōkyū Setagaya Line Tokyo  
Wakayama Electric Railroad Wakayama  
Slovakia Trencianske Teplice   Narrow gauge
Flag of the United States United States   Boston, San Diego, San Francisco  

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia. ... County Area 159. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... Tokawa Station with the classical building. ... Chōshi (銚子市; -shi) is a city located in Chiba, Japan. ... Chiba Prefecture ) is located in the Greater Tokyo Area of Honshu Island, Japan. ... This page is about the city Kyoto. ... The Iwashimizu Hachimangu, a Shinto shrine in Yawata. ... This train at Kamakura Station is bound for Fujisawa Enoden operates buses from stations like Kamakura Enoden Kamakura Station is adjacent to JR Kamakura Station. ... Kanagawa Prefecture ) is a prefecture located in the southern Kantō region of HonshÅ«, Japan. ... Type 610 trainset. ... Matsuyama ) is the capital city of Ehime Prefecture on the Shikoku island of Japan. ... Ehime agency Ehime Prefecture (愛媛県; Ehime-ken) is a prefecture in northwestern Shikoku, Japan. ... Type 1000 trainset. ... Shizuoka (静岡市; -shi) is the capital city of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. ... Shizuoka Prefecture ) is located in the ChÅ«bu region on HonshÅ« island, Japan. ... Tokyu Series-8000 train approaching Daikanyama Station. ... Tokyu Setagaya Line (東急世田谷線) is a commuter line operated by Tokyo Kyuko Electric Railway and it transits from Sangen-Jaya to Shimo-Takaido entirely within Setagaya Ward. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Ichigo EC trainset designed by Eiji Mitooka The Kishigawa Line ) is a railway in Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. ... Wakayama Prefecture ) is part of the Kii Peninsula in the Kinki region on HonshÅ« island, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...

600 V DC Conductor Rail

All third rail unless stated otherwise.
Used by most older US subways.

Type Country Name of System Location Notes
  Flag of Argentina Argentina Buenos Aires Metro (line B) Buenos Aires  
  Flag of Argentina Argentina Urquiza Line Buenos Aires  
  Flag of Canada Canada Toronto Subway and Rapid Transit Toronto  
  Japan Tokyo Metro Ginza Line and Marunouchi Line Tokyo
  Nagoya Municipal Subway Higashiyama Line and Meijō Line Nagoya, Aichi  
  Flag of Sweden Sweden Stockholm Metro Stockholm 650 V.
  United Kingdom Glasgow Subway Glasgow  
    London Was used for trams in central London - third rail accessed via a conduit slot between the rails;
  Southern Railway   Some areas up to 1939.
  Flag of the United States United States New York City Subway New York City  
Top Contact Chicago Transit Authority Chicago Elevated and subway lines
  Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Boston Red and Orange Lines, part of the Blue Line
  PATH New York City metro area  
  Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority Philadelphia Market-Frankford subway/elevated and Broad Street subway

Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Vintage subway entrance on original Line A on Avenida de Mayo The Buenos Aires Metro (locally known as Subte, from subterráneo, Spanish for underground) is a mass-transit network that serves the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Toronto subway and RT is the main rapid transit (RT) railway system in Toronto, Ontario, Canada operated by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... new Tokyo Metro sign and logo This office tower, above Tokyo Metro Ueno Station, houses the headquarters of the Tokyo Metro. ... Ginza Line (Click on image to enlarge. ... Marunouchi Line train crossing the Kanda River near Ochanomizu Station Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (東京地下鉄丸ノ内線) is a subway line, part of the Tokyo Metro system in Tokyo, Japan. ... Nagoya Municipal Subway ) is the subway system that serves the Nagoya, Aichi, Japan area. ... Type 5000 trainset entering Kamiyashiro Station The Higashiyama Line ) is a subway line, part of the Nagoya Municipal Subway ) system in Nagoya, Japan. ... Shiyakusho (City Hall) Station Nagoya Daigaku Station The Meijō Line ) is a subway line, part of the Nagoya Municipal Subway ) system in Nagoya, Japan. ... Nagoya Castle Nagoya (名古屋市; -shi) is the fourth largest (third largest metropolitan region) and the third most prosperous city in Japan. ... For the company, see Aichi Steel Corporation. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Stockholm Metro, Hötorget Station on the green line Rådhuset Station on the blue line Kungsträdgården Station on the blue line T-Centralen, blue line August Strindberg at the Rådmansgatan station on the green line The Stockholm Metro, or Stockholms tunnelbana, is the metro system in... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... An Inner Circle train arrives at West Street station. ... The Southern Railway in the United Kingdom was the smallest of the four railway systems created in the Grouping ordered by the Railways Act 1921. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Times Square–42nd Street station entrance The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority , an affiliate of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and also known as MTA New York City Transit. ... For other uses, see Chicago Transit Authority (disambiguation). ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a body politic and corporate, and a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts [2] formed in 1964 to finance and operate most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the greater Boston, Massachusetts area. ... Hoboken- and Newark-bound platform at Exchange Place station in Jersey City. ... SEPTA redirects here. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Market-Frankford Line Map ©SEPTA 2004 The Market-Frankford Line (MFL) (also called the Market-Frankford Subway-Elevated Line (MFSE), El or Blue Line) is a transit line in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, run by SEPTA. It begins at 69th Street Terminal just west of the city line in Upper Darby and... The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authoritys Broad Street Line (BSL) (also known as the Broad Street Subway (BSS) or Orange Line) runs from Fern Rock Transportation Center in the extreme northern reaches of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Pattison Avenue in South Philadelphia, adjacent to several stadiums. ...

750 V DC Overhead

This voltage is used for most modern tram systems.

Country Name of System Location Notes
Flag of Argentina Argentina PreMetro line E2 Buenos Aires  
Flag of Australia Australia Sydney Light Rail Sydney  
Flag of Austria Austria Local lines of Stern & Hafferl   Also listed as having 1500  and 600 V lines
Flag of Germany Germany Albtalbahn Rhein-Haardtbahn Railway of the Upper Rhine
Tram-Train Cologne-Bonn Frechen, Cologne, Brühl, Wesseling, Bornheim, Alfter, Bonn, St. Augustin, Siegburg, Königswinter, Bad Honnef Both lines between Cologne and Bonn originally electrified at 1200 V, one was narrow gauge
Flag of Ireland Ireland LUAS Dublin
Japan Enshū Railway Hamamatsu, Shizuoka  
Hakone Tozan Railway Line Hakone, Kanagawa Between Hakone-Yumoto and Gōra.
Iyotetsu Yokogawara Line and Gunchū Line Ehime  
Kintetsu Utsube Line, Hachiōji Line Yokkaichi, Mie  
Sangi Railway Hokusei Line Mie  
Flag of Norway Norway Oslo T-bane Oslo Holmenkollbanen only
Flag of Sweden Sweden Saltsjöbanan Stockholm Originally 1500 V (1912), changed to 750 V in 1976 with new rolling stock  
Turkey Eskişehir Tramway System    
United Kingdom Manchester Metrolink Manchester  
Sheffield Supertram Sheffield  
Midland Metro Birmingham to Wolverhampton  
Flag of the United States United States Minneapolis/Saint Paul Minnesota Metropolitan Transit light rail  
Denver, Colorado Light Rail part of the Denver Regional Transportation District [RTD]
TRAX Light Rail Salt Lake City UTA  

Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Metro Light Rail, owned by Connex, operates one light rail line in inner Sydney, Australia. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The Cologne Stadtbahn is a light rail system in the German city of Cologne as well as several surrounding cities (Leverkusen-Schlebusch only) and towns (Hürth, Wesseling, Bergisch-Gladbach, Brühl, Bornheim). ... Frechen was first mentioned in 877. ... Cologne (German: , IPA: ; local dialect: Kölle ) is Germanys fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than... There are two cities called Brühl in Germany Brühl, North Rhine-Westphalia Brühl, Baden-Württemberg Heinrich, count von Brühl Marie von Brühl This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Wesseling is a city in Germany, located 20 km south of Cologne, in the Rhein-Erft-Kreis. ... This is a disambiguation page showing different uses of the name Bornheim. ... Alfter is a municipality in the Rhein-Sieg district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. ... Sankt Augustin is a town in the Rhein-Sieg district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Siegburg is a city within the Rhein-Sieg-Kreis (Rhein-Sieg-County) of Germany with a population of 41. ... Königswinter is a town and summer resort of Germany in North Rhine-Westphalia, on the right bank of the Rhine, 24 m. ... Bad Honnef seen from the Drachenfels Bad Honnef is a spa town in Germany near Bonn in the Rhein-Sieg district, North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Luas [l̪ˠuː(É™)s̪ˠ] (Irish for speed), also promoted in the development stage as the Dublin Light Rail System, currently encompasses two unconnected on-street light rail lines in Dublin, Ireland. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Enshu Railway Line (遠州鉄道鉄道線 EnshÅ« Tetsudō Tetsudōsen) is a railway line in Japan, running north from Shin-Hamamatsu Station in Hamamatsu through Nishikajima Station in Tenryu. ... Hamamatsu (浜松市) is a city located in western Shizuoka, Japan. ... Shizuoka Prefecture ) is located in the ChÅ«bu region on HonshÅ« island, Japan. ... The Hakone-Tozan Line , lit. ... Mount Fuji from Mt. ... Kanagawa Prefecture ) is a prefecture located in the southern Kantō region of HonshÅ«, Japan. ... Type 610 trainset. ... Ehime agency Ehime Prefecture (愛媛県; Ehime-ken) is a prefecture in northwestern Shikoku, Japan. ... The Kintetsu Corporation (近畿日本鉄道株式会社 Kinki Nippon Tetsudō Kabushiki Gaisha), better known as Kintetsu (近鉄), is Japanese largest private railway company. ... Type 260 trainset at Hinaga Station. ... Nishihino Station. ... Yokkaichi (四日市市; -shi) is a city located in Mie, Japan. ... Mie Prefecture (三重県; Mie-ken) is part of the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Sangi Line train. ... Mie Prefecture (三重県; Mie-ken) is part of the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... The T-bane is the metro system of Oslo, Norway, operated by Oslo T-banedrift, a subsidiary of the municipality transit authority Oslo Sporveier. ... This article is about the capital of Norway. ... Train bound for Frognerseteren crossing the street at Vindern (Photo:Kjetil Lenes) Holmenkollbanen is a line on the Oslo T-bane network which runs from Majorstuen and up to Frognerseteren. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Saltsjöbanan is a suburban rail system between Stockholm and Saltsjöbaden in Nacka, Sweden. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... A Metrolink tram in Manchester city centre. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... The Sheffield Supertram is a tram network in Sheffield, England, operated by Stagecoach Group under contract to the South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive. ... For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... Midland Metro tram 05 approaching West Bromwich tram stop The Midland Metro is a light-rail or tram system in the West Midlands of England. ... This article is about the British city. ... Wolverhampton is a city in the historic county of Staffordshire and metropolitan county of the West Midlands. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Minneapolis redirects here. ... For an overview of the Twin Cities metropolitan area, see Minneapolis-Saint Paul. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ...

750 V DC Conductor Rail

All third rail unless stated otherwise.

Type Country Name of System Location Notes
  Flag of Austria Austria Vienna U-Bahn Vienna  
Bottom contact Flag of Brazil Brazil São Paulo Metro São Paulo  
  Flag of Canada Canada Montreal Metro Montreal (Guide Bars)
  Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic Prague Metro Prague  
  Flag of Denmark Denmark Copenhagen Metro Copenhagen  
Bottom Contact Flag of Finland Finland Helsinki Metro Helsinki  
  Flag of France France Paris Métro Paris Some guide rail
  Flag of Germany Germany Berlin U-Bahn Berlin  
  Munich U-Bahn Munich  
  Nuremberg U-Bahn Nuremberg  
  Hamburg U-Bahn Hamburg  
  Hungary Budapest Metro Budapest  
  India Kolkata Metro Kolkata (Calcutta)  
  Japan Most lines of Osaka Municipal Subway Osaka, Osaka  
  Sapporo Municipal Subway Namboku Line Sapporo, Hokkaidō  
  Yokohama Municipal Subway Yokohama, Kanagawa  
  Flag of Norway Norway Oslo T-bane Oslo  
  Portugal Lisbon Metro Lisbon  
  Flag of Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Tren Urbano San Juan  
  Romania Bucharest Metro Bucharest  
  Flag of Russia Russia     Undergrounds and metros.
  Flag of Singapore Singapore Mass Rapid Transit Singapore North South Line, East West Line and Circle Line, operated by SMRT Corporation
  Flag of the Republic of China Taiwan Rapid Transit Taipei Green, Orange, Red, Blue Lines
Bottom Contact United Kingdom Docklands Light Railway London
Top Contact Southern Region of British Railways
and successors
Southern England 660 V system upgraded and expanded
Merseyrail Liverpool  
LNWR Suburban Network London Formerly four-rail out of Euston and Broad Street, curtailed, upgraded and standardised
Northern City Line London Access to City (Moorgate)
  Flag of the United States United States Washington Metro Washington, DC  
  Long Island Rail Road New York City  
  Las Vegas Monorail Las Vegas, Nevada  

Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Vienna U-Bahn logo The Vienna U-Bahn is a rapid transit (Metro) system consisting of five lines mostly running underground, except for the central section of line U6, which runs above ground on the viaduct of the old Vienna Stadtbahn. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... The interior of a metro station in São Paulo The São Paulo Metro (Portuguese: Metropolitano de São Paulo, commonly called Metrô) is the city of São Paulos rapid transit system. ... This article is about the city. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Montreal Metro is the main form of public transportation within the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... map of the Prague Metro The Prague metro is a subway, underground public transportation network in Prague, Czech Republic. ... For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... The Copenhagen Metro, known simply as the Metro, is a rail rapid transit system serving Copenhagen and Frederiksberg, Denmark. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... An orange Helsinki Metro train. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Métro redirects here. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Train leaving Nollendorfplatz, one of the original stations of the Berlin U-Bahn The Berlin (, English: ) is a major part of the public transport system of the German capital, Berlin. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Georg-Brauchle-Ring station (U1) The Munich U-Bahn system is an electric railway public transport network (a metro or subway system) in Munich. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Nuremberg U-Bahn train type DT1 Nuremberg U-Bahn train type DT2 U-Bahn station Opernhaus The Nuremberg U-Bahn is a metro run by the VAG Nürnberg (Verkehrsaktiengesellschaft Nürnberg or Nuremberg Transport Corporation), which itself is a member of the VGN (Verkehrsverbund Großraum Nürnberg or... Nürnberg redirects here. ... The Hamburg U-Bahn is operated by Hamburger Hochbahn AG and belongs to the Hamburger Verkehrsverbund (HVV). ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... 81-717 type train The Budapest Metro (Hungarian: budapesti metró) is the metro system in the Hungarian capital Budapest. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Kolkata Metro Train The Kolkata Metro or Calcutta Metro is the underground rail network in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... The Osaka Municipal Subway (大阪市営地下鉄, ÅŒsaka-shiei-chikatetsu) is the metro network in the city of Osaka, Japan. ... Osaka Castle (ÅŒsaka-jō) Location in Japan Osaka Aquarium (Kaiyukan) Osaka railway station The Osaka Tower (TsÅ«tenkaku) Osaka City   listen? (大阪市; ÅŒsaka-shi) is the third-largest city in Japan, with a population of 2. ... Osaka Prefecture (大阪府 ÅŒsaka-fu) is part of the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Central rail-guided rubber-tyred rolling stock serial 5000, Sapporo City Transportation Bureau, Japan. ... Sapporo ) is the fifth-largest city in Japan by population and the third-largest by geographic area. ...   literally North Sea Circuit, Ainu: Mosir), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is Japans second largest island and the largest of its 47 prefectural-level subdivisions. ... Yokohama Municipal Subway ) is the metro network in the city of Yokohama, Japan, in Greater Tokyo. ... Japans tallest building, the Landmark Tower, is in the Minato Mirai 21 district of Yokohama. ... Kanagawa Prefecture ) is a prefecture located in the southern Kantō region of HonshÅ«, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... The T-bane is the metro system of Oslo, Norway, operated by Oslo T-banedrift, a subsidiary of the municipality transit authority Oslo Sporveier. ... This article is about the capital of Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... The Lisbon Metro is the metro (subway) system that provides Lisbon, Portugal with mass-transit services. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Puerto_Rico. ... San Juans Tren Urbano – Phase I Service Route and Stations. ... For other uses, see San Juan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... The Bucharest Metro (Metroul BucureÅŸti in Romanian) is an underground urban railway network that serves the capital of Romania, Bucharest. ... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore. ... A diagram of the physical spread of the MRT network across the island (includes lines under construction). ... Bukit Batok MRT Station on the North South Line The North South MRT Line was the first Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) line in Singapore. ... The East-West Line is coloured green on system maps. ... The Circle Line (CCL) is the fourth Mass Rapid Transit line and currently under construction in Singapore. ... SMRT Corporation SGX: S53 is a public transport operator incorporated on 6 March 2000 as a result of an industry overhaul to form multi-modal transport operators. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... The Taipei Rapid Transit System (Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the MRT, or by locals simply as the Metro Taipei (Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a series of underground and elevated metro and VAL systems throughout the Taipei metropolitan area. ... This article is about the city. ... Map of TRTS Green Line. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... London Transport Portal The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is a light rail system serving the redeveloped Docklands area of East London, England. ... British Railways Southern Region totem station sign for Hither Green. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Merseyrail is the name given to the electric commuter train network centred on Liverpool. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... The London, Midland and Scottish Railway was middling in its development of electrification schemes, being better than the Great Western Railway which had none, but behind the London and North Eastern Railway and infinitely far behind the Southern Railway with its huge suburban electification schemes. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Northern City Line is a former name for the railway line from Moorgate to Finsbury Park in London, once part of the Great Northern Electrics line. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Washington Metro, or simply Metro, is the rapid transit system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring suburban communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... LIRR redirects here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Sahara Las Vegas Hilton Las Vegas Convention Center Harrahs / Imperial Palace Flamingo / Caesars Palace Ballys / Paris Las Vegas MGM Grand The Robert N. Broadbent Las Vegas Monorail is a 3. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ...

1500 V DC Overhead

Country Name of System Location Notes
Flag of Argentina Argentina Buenos Aires Metro Buenos Aires Lines C,D,E and H
Flag of Argentina Argentina Tren de la Costa Buenos Aires Suburban line
Flag of Australia Australia CityRail Sydney  
Melbourne Suburban Railways Melbourne  
Flag of the People's Republic of China China Shanghai Shanghai Metro  
Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic     Tabor-Bechyne line only
Flag of Denmark Denmark Copenhagen S-train Copenhagen  
Flag of France France Société Nationale des Chemins de fer (SNCF) 25 kV AC used on new High Speed Lines (TGV) and in the north.
Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong SAR Mass Transit Railway Corporation Hong Kong  
India Mumbai Suburban Railway Mumbai  
Flag of Ireland Ireland Dublin Area Rapid Transit Dublin  
Japan Japan Railways (JR) lines   Most electrified lines in Kantō, Chūbu, Kansai, Chūgoku, and Shikoku.
Most private railway lines    
Most subway lines    
Netherlands Nederlandse Spoorwegen - Dutch Railways (NS) 25 kV AC used on new High Speed Lines.
New Zealand Wellington Suburban Wellington
Otira Tunnel Arthur's Pass-Otira, Southern Alps, South Island De-electrified 1997
Christchurch-Lyttelton South Island De-electrified 1970
Portugal Cascais Line    
Flag of Singapore Singapore Mass Rapid Transit   North East Line, operated by SBS Transit
Flag of South Korea South Korea Seoul Subway Seoul National Capital Area except Korail Line 1, Line 4, Bundang and Yongsan-Deokso Line.
Incheon Subway Incheon  
Daegu Subway Daegu  
Busan Subway Busan  
Daejeon Subway Daejeon  
Gwangju Subway Gwangju  
Slovakia High-Tatras electric railway    
Spain Catalan Railways    
RENFE    
Euskotren    
FEVE    
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland Berner Oberland Bahn (BOB) Interlaken  
Schynige Platte Railway (SPB) Interlaken  
Wengernalpbahn (WAB)) Interlaken  
Flag of Sweden Sweden Roslagsbanan Stockholm  
Saltsjöbanan Stockholm Electrified in 1912, changed to 750 V in 1976 with new rolling stock  
Turkey Bursa LRT Bursa  
UK Tyne and Wear Metro Newcastle  
Manchester-Sheffield-Wath Manchester to Sheffield Operated 1949-1981. Suburban services in Manchester converted to 25 kV, 50 Hz a.c.
Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway Manchester Opened in 1931.
Converted to 25 kV 50 Hz AC in 1971
Great Eastern Main Line London (Liverpool Street) to Shenfield (then Chelmsford) Opened in 1949.
Converted to 6.25 kV 50 Hz AC in 1960
Shildon to Newport County Durham Industrial line. Operated 1915-1935.
Flag of the United States United States Metra Electric District Service Chicago  

Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Vintage subway entrance on original Line A on Avenida de Mayo The Buenos Aires Metro (locally known as Subte, from subterráneo, Spanish for underground) is a mass-transit network that serves the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... The Tren de la Costa is a 15. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is on the commuter rail network centred on Sydney, Australia. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Melbourne, capital city of the State of Victoria, Australia, has a long history of railway development. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... The Shanghai Metro (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is an urban rapid transit system that serves the city of Shanghai by transporting around 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... The S-Train (S-tog) network is the commuter train network of Metropolitan Copenhagen, Denmark. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français) (French National Railway Company) is a French public enterprise. ... 25 kV AC is one of the most common voltages used for railway electrification, usually at 50 Hz or 60 Hz depending on that countrys normal mains frequency. ... For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see Transposition of the great vessels. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hong_Kong. ... Hong Kong (香港; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2; Yale: heūng góng; pinyin: Xiānggǎng; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) is one of the two Special Administrative Regions of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article is about the metro system in Hong Kong. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... The Mumbai Suburban Railway (Marathi: मुंबई उपनगरीय रेल्) system, part of the public transportation system of Mumbai, is provided for by the state-run Indian Railways two zonal Western Railways and Central Railways. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... The Dublin Area Rapid Transit (DART), (Irish: ), is part of the suburban railway network in Ireland, running mainly along the coastline of Dublin Bay on the Trans-Dublin route, from Greystones in County Wicklow, through Dublin to Howth and Malahide in County Dublin. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Japan Railway, more commonly called JR, is a collective term for the privatized descendants of the former Japanese National Railways, formed when JNR was divided into seven parts on April 1, 1987. ... Kantō region, Japan. ... Chubu region, Japan Mount Fuji is the ChÅ«bu regions most famous landmark. ... Kansai region, Japan The Kansai region ) of Japan, also known as the Kinki region ), lies in the Southern-Central region of Japans main island, HonshÅ«. The region includes the prefectures of Nara, Wakayama, Mie, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, and Shiga. ... Chugoku region, Japan The ChÅ«goku region (中国地方 ChÅ«goku-chihō) is the westernmost region of Honshu, the largest island of Japan. ... This article is about the island. ... A private railroad is a railroad run by a private corporation. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Nederlandse Spoorwegen or NS (Dutch railways) is the main public transport railway company in the Netherlands. ... 25 kV AC is one of the most common voltages used for railway electrification, usually at 50 Hz or 60 Hz depending on that countrys normal mains frequency. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Tranz Metro is the suburban rail system in Wellington, the capital city of New Zealand. ... For the first Duke of Wellington, see Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. ... The Otira tunnel is a major railway tunnel on the Midland Line in the South Island of New Zealand between Otira and Arthurs Pass. ... Arthurs Pass Arthurs Pass is an alpine crossing of the Southern Alps of the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Southern Alps is a mountain range which runs along the western side of the South Island of New Zealand. ... For other uses, see South Island (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in New Zealand. ... Lyttelton on a sunny day Lyttelton (43. ... For other uses, see South Island (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore. ... A diagram of the physical spread of the MRT network across the island (includes lines under construction). ... Circle Line NE1, CC29 HarbourFront East West Line NE3, EW16 Outram Park East West Line Downtown Line NE4, DT1 Chinatown Downtown Line NE5 Clarke Quay North South Line NE6, NS24, CC1 Dhoby Ghaut North South Line Circle Line Downtown Line NE7 Little India Downtown Line NE8 Farrer Park NE9 Boon... SBS Transit Limited (simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: , SGX: S61) is a public transport operator in Singapore. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... System Map (click to enlarge) The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is one of the most heavily used subway systems in the world, with over 4 million trips per day on the systems nine lines. ... The Seoul National Capital Area is a region located at the center of the Korean peninsula and is home to the capital of South Korea, Seoul. ... The Incheon Subway is a single subway line serving the South Korean city of Incheon. ... This article is about the city. ... Daegu Metropolitan Subway serves the South Korean city of Daegu and has one subway line, Daegu Subway Line 1. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of South Korea highlighting the city. ... Busan Transportation Corporation The Busan Subway (부산 지하철), operated by the Busan Transportation Corporation (부산 교통공사), is the subway system of Busan, South Korea. ... Busan Metropolitan City, also known as Pusan[1] is the largest port city in the Republic of Korea. ... Daejeon Subway Line 1 is a subway line in Daejeon, South Korea. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of South Korea highlighting the city. ... Gwangju Subway Line 1 is a subway line in Gwangju, a metropolitan city in southwestern South Korea. ... This article is about Gwangju Metropolitan City. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... A BOB train at Interlaken, note the former brown / cream livery. ... Population 5,700  (December 2006)   - Density 1,295 /km² (3,355 /sq. ... A descending Schynige Platte Bahn train The Schynige Platte Railway or Schynige Platte Bahn (SPB) is a mountain railway in the Bernese Oberland area of Switzerland, which connects the town of Wilderswil with the famous wildflower gardens of the Schynige Platte. ... Population 5,700  (December 2006)   - Density 1,295 /km² (3,355 /sq. ... The Wengernalpbahn (or WAB) is a 19. ... Population 5,700  (December 2006)   - Density 1,295 /km² (3,355 /sq. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Train on the Roslagsbanan Roslagsbanan is a local narrow-gauge railway line in Stockholm County, Sweden. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Saltsjöbanan is a suburban rail system between Stockholm and Saltsjöbaden in Nacka, Sweden. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Tyne and Wear Metro is a light rail metro system based around Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland, in the county of Tyne and Wear in North East England. ... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... // Introduction The Manchester-Sheffield-Wath electric railway was an early electrification scheme on British railways. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... Route map of the Manchester, South Junction & Altrincham Railway, showing layout of connecting lines in the Manchester area (click for full size view) The Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway (MSJAR) was a suburban railway which operated a 13. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... The Great Eastern Main Line, or the GE, is a major railway line of the British railway system, which connects Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations in east London and the East of England, including Ipswich, Norwich and several coastal resorts. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Shildon, Cradle Of The Railways, is a town in County Durham, in England. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A Metra Train in Ogilvie Transportation Center Metra (officially known as the Northeast Illinois Regional Commuter Railroad Corporation) is a regional rail system that serves the city of Chicago, Illinois, United States and surrounding cities, many of them Chicago suburbs. ... The Metra Electric (ME) is a commuter rail line provided and operated by Metra in Chicago, Illinois and its surrounding suburbs. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ...

3 kV DC, Overhead

Country Name of System Location Note
Flag of Belgium Belgium Belgium National Railways (SNCB) 25 kV AC used on new High Speed Lines.
Flag of Brazil Brazil      
Flag of Chile Chile      
Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic Czech Railways (ČD)  
India   Kolkata converted to 25 kV AC
Italy RFI - Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (Italian Railways Network) 25 kV AC used on new High Speed Lines.
Flag of North Korea North Korea      
Flag of Poland Poland Polish State Railways (PKP)  
Slovakia Slovak Republic Railways (ZSR) northern and eastern lines, and the broad gauge line between Kosice and the Ukraine border
Flag of Slovenia Slovenia Slovenian Railways (SZ) 25 kV AC also used
South Africa      
former Soviet Union      
Spain Spanish National Railways (RENFE) 25 kV AC used on new High Speed Lines.
Ukraine In east; also 25 kV AC in west [1]

Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... NMBS/SNCB trains in Antwerp-Central The NMBS (Dutch: Nationale Maatschappij der Belgische Spoorwegen) or SNCB (French: Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Belges, not to be confused with Frances SNCF) is the Belgian national railway operator. ... 25 kV AC is one of the most common voltages used for railway electrification, usually at 50 Hz or 60 Hz depending on that countrys normal mains frequency. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Logo ÄŒeské dráhy or Czech Railways (ÄŒD or CD) is the main railway operator of the Czech Republic and provides passenger and freight service via state owned rail tracks. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... 25 kV AC is one of the most common voltages used for railway electrification, usually at 50 Hz or 60 Hz depending on that countrys normal mains frequency. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Italian partly state-owned railway network, formerly part of Ferrovie dello Stato. ... 25 kV AC is one of the most common voltages used for railway electrification, usually at 50 Hz or 60 Hz depending on that countrys normal mains frequency. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... EP09 with InterCity train Polskie Koleje PaÅ„stwowe (Polish State Railways, PKP) SA is a dominative company in PKP Group. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Železnice Slovenskej republiky (literally Slovak Republic Railways), abbr. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Slovenske železnice (SŽ) (Slovenian Railways) is the state railway of Slovenia, created in 1991 from the Ljubljana Division of the former Jugoslovenske železnice -- (JŽ) - Yugoslav Railways -- after the breakup of Yugoslavia. ... 25 kV AC is one of the most common voltages used for railway electrification, usually at 50 Hz or 60 Hz depending on that countrys normal mains frequency. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Map of the Spanish rail network as it was in 2005, with colour-coded track types A new Cercanías Civia unit near Puerto Real (Cádiz) AVE Class 100 train at Cordoba station Renfe Operadora is the state-owned company which operates freight and passenger trains on the 1668... 25 kV AC is one of the most common voltages used for railway electrification, usually at 50 Hz or 60 Hz depending on that countrys normal mains frequency. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... 25 kV AC is one of the most common voltages used for railway electrification, usually at 50 Hz or 60 Hz depending on that countrys normal mains frequency. ...

15 kV 16⅔ Hz Overhead

Country Name of System Location Notes
Flag of Austria Austria ÖBB (Österreichische Bundesbahnen
Austrian Federal Railways)
National Standard
Flag of Germany Germany German National Railways National Standard
Flag of Norway Norway Jernbaneverket
Norwegian State Railways
 
Flag of Sweden Sweden Banverket  
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland SBB-CFF-FFS - Swiss Federal Railways  

This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Current logo of the Austrian Federal Railways, ÖBB ÖBB Logo The various logos of the ÖBB over time, starting with the oldest, which is a classic flying wheel as used in different variants by many railway companies around the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Germanys main train operator, the Deutsche Bahn AG (German Railway Corporation, also known as DB or DBAG) provides passenger and freight service via federally owned tracks. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Jernbaneverket, or the Norwegian National Rail Administration is the Norwegian national railway authority who is charged with maintaining the Norwegian railway network. ... Norges Statsbaner (Norwegian State Railways, commonly known as NSB, officially called NSB AS) is a Norwegian transport company. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Banverket is the authority responsible for rail traffic in Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Swiss Federal Railways (German: SBB, Schweizerische Bundesbahnen; French: CFF, Chemins de fer fédéraux suisses; Italian: FFS, Ferrovie federali svizzere; Romansh: Viafiers federalas svizras; the abbreviations VFS (Romansh) and SFR (English) are not in official use) is the national railway company of Switzerland headquartered in Berne. ...

25 kV 50 Hz Overhead

Country Name of System Location Notes
Flag of Australia Australia     Queensland and Western Australia
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina      
Flag of Botswana Botswana     proposed line to Namibia
Flag of Belgium Belgium Belgium National Railways (SNCB) New High Speed Lines and the south of the country only The rest of the network is 3 kV DC
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgarian State Railways BDZ  
Flag of the People's Republic of China China      
Flag of the Republic of the Congo Congo      
Flag of Croatia Croatia Croatian Railways (HŽ)   Smaller part 3kV DC, being replaced with 25kV AC
Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic     Southern lines only.
Flag of Denmark Denmark      
Flag of Finland Finland Finnish Railways (VR)  
Flag of France France French National Railways (SNCF)  
Flag of Germany Germany Rübelandbahn Harz Operated 1960-2005
Greece      
Hungary Hungarian State Railways (MÁV)  
India Indian Railways (IR) Large parts of Mumbai Division (Western and Central Railways) are 1500 V DC.
Iran      
Israel Israel Railways   Currently in the tender stage of the electrification project
Italy     New high-speed lines only.
Japan JR Tōhoku, Jōetsu, and Nagano Shinkansen    
Macedonia Macedonian Railways    
Malaysia KTM Komuter Service    
Montenegro      
Netherlands Used on new High Speed Lines and Freight Lines 1.5 kV DC used on the rest of the network.
New Zealand North Island Main Trunk Railway   Central North Island section, 411 km between Palmerston North and Hamilton)
Portugal Portuguese Railways (CP)  
Romania Romanian Railways (CFR)  
Serbia Serbian Railways  
Slovakia Slovak Republic Railways (ŽSR) South-western lines only
Spain     New high-speed lines only.
South Africa Transnet    
former Soviet Union      
Turkey      
UK Network Rail except South and Merseyside
Ukraine In east; also 3000 V DC in west.
Zimbabwe National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) Gweru-Harare  

25 kV AC is one of the most common voltages used for railway electrification, usually at 50 Hz or 60 Hz depending on that countrys normal mains frequency. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Botswana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... NMBS/SNCB trains in Antwerp-Central The NMBS (Dutch: Nationale Maatschappij der Belgische Spoorwegen) or SNCB (French: Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Belges, not to be confused with Frances SNCF) is the Belgian national railway operator. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... A Bulgarian State Railways Siemens AG Desiro train at the Central Railway Station in Sofia The Bulgarian State Railways (Български държавни железници, Balgarski darzhavni zheleznitsi, abbreviated as БДЖ, BDZ) are Bulgarias state railway company and the largest railway carrier in the country, established as an entity in 1885. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Croatian Railways, (Croatian Hrvatske Željeznice (HŽ)) is the national railway company of Croatia, formed after the dissolution of Yugoslavia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... VR or VR Group (VR-Yhtymä) is a state-owned railway company in Finland, and formerly known as Suomen Valtion Rautatiet (Finnish State Railways) until 1922 and Valtionrautatiet (State Railways) until 1995. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français) (French National Railway Company) is a French public enterprise. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Eastern Railway Station in Budapest. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Indian Railways (Hindi भारतीय रेल), abbreviated as (Hindi भारे ) IR, is a Department of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Railways, and is tasked with operating the rail network in India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Israel Railways Logo Israel Railways (Hebrew: רכבת ישראל Rakévet Yisraél) is Israels government-owned national railway company and is responsible for all inter-city and suburban railway passenger and freight traffic in the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Yamanote Line, Tokyo JR Yamanote Line train in Tokyo, Japan Above Yurakucho in Tokyo East Japan Railway Company (東日本旅客鉄道 Higashi-Nihon Ryokyaku Tetsudo or JR東日本; JR Higashi-Nihon) (TYO: 9020) is a Japanese private railroad company, the largest passenger railway company in the world and one of the seven JR companies. ... Tōhoku Shinkansen (東北新幹線) is a line of Shinkansen high speed rail, connecting Tokyo with Hachinohe in Aomori for a total length of 593. ... Joetsu Shinkansen route Joetsu Shinkansen (上越新幹線) is a high-speed railway line connecting Tokyo and Niigata, Japan, via Tohoku Shinkansen, operated by the East Japan Railway Company. ... General Information Nagano Shinkansen (長野新幹線) is the name for the segment of the Hokuriku Shinkansen that currently exists (as of 2005). ... For the record label, see Shinkansen Records. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... Makedonski Železnici (Македонски железници, MŽ, Macedonian Railways) is the railway company of Republic of Macedonia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... The Hogesnelheidslijn Zuid usually shortened to HSL-Zuid, is a Dutch high-speed train line under construction (completion expected in 2007). ... The Betuweroute is a new freight railway being constructed from Rotterdam to Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... The North Island Main Trunk line (NIMT) connects Auckland and Wellington, the two major cities of New Zealands North Island. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses (abbreviation: CP; English: Portuguese Railways) is the state railway company in Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Căile Ferate Române is the official designation of the state railway carrier of Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost... Serbian Railways (Serbian: Железнице Србије/Železnice Srbije) is the national railway carrier of Serbia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Železnice Slovenskej republiky (literally Slovak Republic Railways), abbr. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Transnet is a South African rail, port and pipeline company. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Class 180 multiple unit of First Great Western at speed near Yate, Bristol. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zimbabwe. ... Zimbabwe Railway The National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) operates about 3,000 km of rail in Zimbabwe at the 1. ...

Conductor Rail (Non-Standard Voltages)

Voltage Current Type Contact System Name of System Location Country Notes
50 DC See notes. Volk's Electric Railway Brighton United Kingdom Volk's Railway prior to 1884.
(Current fed through running rails)
110 DC third rail Top contact Volk's Electric Railway Brighton United Kingdom The world's oldest operational electric railway[2]
160 DC third rail Top contact Volk's Electric Railway Brighton United Kingdom Volk's Railway between 1884 and 1980s
180 DC See notes. Siemens streetcar Berlin-Lichterfelde Germany Current fed through the running rails.
Operated 1881-1891.
440 DC third rail Top contact Post Office Railway London UK Disused since 2003 [1].

150 V is used in station areas to limit train speed. Half-way station VER Carriages Detail of the tracks in front of the carriage shed showing the electrified third rail. ... Half-way station VER Carriages Detail of the tracks in front of the carriage shed showing the electrified third rail. ... Half-way station VER Carriages Detail of the tracks in front of the carriage shed showing the electrified third rail. ... The Post Office Railway, also known as Mail Rail, was a narrow gauge driverless private underground railway in London built by the Post Office to move mail between sorting offices. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

550 DC third rail Top contact Buenos Aires Metro (Subterráneos de Buenos Aires) Buenos Aires Argentina Only Line B
660 DC third rail Top contact Southern Railway & LSWR   UK Original standard, mostly upgraded to 750 V
660 DC third rail with fourth rail bonded to running rail Euston to Watford DC Line London UK To enable London Underground trains to operate between Queens Park and Harrow & Wealdstone. Similar bonding arrangements are used on the North London Line between Richmond and Gunnersbury and South West Trains Putney Bridge to Wimbledon.
700 DC  third rail Bottom contact Metro-North Railroad New York USA Hudson & Harlem lines, southern part of New Haven line
800 DC third rail Bottom contact Berlin S-Bahn Berlin Germany  
825 AC third rail   Moscow Metro Moscow Russia  
  Pyongyang Metro Pyongyang North Korea  
850 DC 3rd Rail     Vienna Austria  
  former Southern Railway   United Kingdom Original route of Eurostar, pre-High Speed 1, upgraded from 750 V
1000 DC 3rd Rail   Bay Area Rapid Transit San Francisco USA  
1200 DC  3rd Rail Side contact Manchester-Bury Manchester UK System abandoned in 1991
Side contact Hamburg S-Bahn Hamburg Germany Since 1940. Used both third rail DC (1200 V) and overhead line AC (6300 V 25 Hz) until 1955.
1500 DC  3rd Rail Top Contact Guangzhou Metro (Line 3) Guangzhou Metro China

Vintage subway entrance on original Line A on Avenida de Mayo The Buenos Aires Metro (locally known as Subte, from subterráneo, Spanish for underground) is a mass-transit network that serves the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... The Southern Railway in the United Kingdom was the smallest of the four railway systems created in the Grouping ordered by the Railways Act 1921. ... Waterloo Station The London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) was a railway company in England from 1840 to 1923. ... The Watford DC Line is a railway line that runs from London Euston to Watford Junction. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The London Underground is a rapid transit system that serves a large part of Greater London and some neighbouring areas of Essex, Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire. ... A North London Line train pulls into Stratford station during the morning rush Geographical map of the North London Line Line map of the North London Line showing connections and zones A North London Line train at North Woolwich station The North London Line is a railway line through northern... South West Trains (SWT) is a train operating company operating in the United Kingdom, providing train services to the south-west of London, chiefly in Greater London and the counties of Surrey, Hampshire, Dorset, Devon, Somerset, Berkshire and Wiltshire (the area largely covered before 1923 by the London and South... The Metro-North Commuter Railroad Company, or MTA Metro-North Railroad, or, more commonly, Metro-North, is a suburban commuter rail service that is run and managed by an authority of New York State, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, or, more simply, the MTA. Metro-North runs service between New York... Berlins S-Bahn network The Berlin S-Bahn is a metro system operated by S-Bahn Berlin GmbH, a subsidiary of the Deutsche Bahn. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Moscow Metro (Russian: ), which spans almost the entire Russian capital, is one of the worlds most heavily used metro systems. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Route map of Pyongyang Metro The Pyongyang Metro is a metro system in Pyongyang, North Korea, consisting of two lines. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... The Southern Railway in the United Kingdom was the smallest of the four railway systems created in the Grouping ordered by the Railways Act 1921. ... This article is about high-speed trains between London and Brussels / Paris. ... 0 km London St Pancras Temple Mills Eurostar Depot 9 km Stratford International 10 km 21 km 27 km 30 km 32 km 37 km Ebbsfleet International 39 km 50 km 54 km 88 km 89 km 90 km Ashford International 91 km 106 km Dollands Moor Freight terminal 108... A westbound BART train with aerodynamic design A car in downtown San Francisco. ... The British Rail Class 504 was a unique type of electric multiple unit that ran on 1200V DC third rail with side contact current collection. ... The Hamburg S-Bahn is the suburban S-Bahn railway network serving the city of Hamburg. ... The Guangzhou Metro (廣州地鐵 Guǎngzhōu dìtiě) is a metro system in the city of Guangzhou in Guangdong Province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Overhead (Non-Standard Voltages)

Voltage Current Name of System Location Country Notes
250 DC Chicago Tunnel Company Chicago USA Operated 1906-1959
500 DC Many tram systems      
525 DC Bergbahn Lauterbrunnen-Mürren Lauterbrunnen Switzerland  
550 DC Snaefell Mountain Railway Isle of Man UK  
900 DC Gruyere - Fribourg - Morat Fribourg Switzerland  
Montreux-Oberland Bernois Montreux Switzerland  
1000 DC Sihltal Zürich Uetliberg (SZU) Zürich Switzerland  
Rhätische Bahn (RhB) St Moritz - Tirano Switzerland  
1100 DC Buenos Aires Metro (Subterráneos de Buenos Aires) Buenos Aires Argentina Only Line A (will be converted to 1500 V DC by 2008/09)
1200 DC Barcelona Metro Barcelona Spain Uses an overhead conductor rail/beam system.
Sóller Railway Palma - Sóller, Majorca Spain Website
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de Cuba Havana - Santiago Cuba  
  Lusatian Germany 900 mm gauge mining railways in the brown coal district
    Estonia (Elektriraudtee) 1924-1941 and 1946-1958
1350 DC FART Domodossola-Locarno Italy - Switzerland  
2400 DC   Lausitzer Germany Work line of the Lausitzer Brown Coal AG company.
Chemin de fer de La Mure Grenoble France -1200 V, +1200 V two wire system from 1903-1950. 2400 V since 1950 [2].
3500 DC Bury - Holcombe Brook Manchester UK Operated 1913-1918.
6000 DC     Russia Experiments in the late 1970s (3000 V lines)
6000 50 Hz     Germany Factory railway of Rheinbraun AG
6250 50 Hz Great Eastern suburban lines London United Kingdom Great Eastern suburban lines from Liverpool Street London, 1950s-c1980 (converted to 25 kV)
6300 25 Hz Hamburg S-Bahn Hamburg Germany Operated with AC 1907-1955. Used both AC and DC (1200 V 3rd rail) 1940-1955.
6500 25 Hz Mariazellerbahn Sankt Pölten Austria  
6600 25 Hz Thamshavnbanen Orkdal Norway  
10,000 25 Hz 'Hofpleinlijn' Local railway The Hague - Rotterdam Netherlands From 1908, in 1926 converted to 1500 DC. In 2006 replaced by 750 V DC light rail
11,000 16⅔ Hz Rhaetian Railway (RhB)   Switzerland  
Matterhorn-Gotthard-Bahn (MGB)   Switzerland Formerly Furka-Oberalp-Bahn (FOB) and BVZ Zermatt-Bahn
11,000 25 Hz Northeast Corridor (NEC), Amtrak Washington, DC - New York City United States  
Keystone Corridor, Amtrak Harrisburg, PA to Philadelphia, PA United States  
SEPTA Philadelphia United States Commuter Lines
New Jersey Transit New Jersey United States Not all lines are electrified
12,500 60 Hz Metro-North Railroad New York City to New Haven United States Amtrak NEC trains also operate on these tracks
20,000 50 Hz Höllentalbahn Feibourg Germany Operated 1933-1960.
Most electrified JR/the third sector lines in Hokkaidō and Tōhoku JR East, JR Hokkaidō, and others. Japan  
20,000 60 Hz Most electrified JR/the third sector lines in Kyūshū JR Kyūshū and others Japan  
25,000 60 Hz Northeast Corridor (NEC), Amtrak   United States New Haven to Boston
New Jersey Transit New Jersey United States Newer Lines only; Not all lines are electrified
Tōkaidō-Sanyō Shinkansen JR Central, JR West Japan  
Deux-Montagnes Line (AMT) Montreal Canada Previously used 3kv DC, until line overhaul in 1995
Korail South Korea All freight/passenger lines except Seoul subway Line 3
A'REX Incheon, Seoul South Korea
50,000 50 Hz Spoornet Sishen - Saldanha South Africa Iron ore line
50,000 60 Hz Black Mesa and Lake Powell Arizona USA Coal line

Pre-1910 photograph of the Chicago Tunnel Company The Chicago Tunnel Company built a unique freight tunnel network under the downtown of the city of Chicago. ... The funicular above Lauterbrunnen Two trains pass in Winteregg station The Bergbahn Lauterbrunnen-Mürren (BLM) is a mountain railway in the Bernese Oberland area of Switzerland, which connects the communes of Lauterbrunnen and Mürren. ... The Snaefell Mountain Railway is an electric mountain railway connecting the town of Laxey with the summit of Snaefell Mountain which is, at 2036 feet (620. ... The Chemin de Fer Fribourgeois Gruyere - Fribourg - Morats (GFM) metre-gauge line is located in Switzerland and is 48. ... MOB train at Les Avants on 11 July 1985. ... The RhB (Rhaetian Railway / Rhätische Bahn (German) / Ferrovia Retica (Italian) / Viafier Retica (Rumantsch)) has the largest network of all the private railways in Switzerland. ... Vintage subway entrance on original Line A on Avenida de Mayo The Buenos Aires Metro (locally known as Subte, from subterráneo, Spanish for underground) is a mass-transit network that serves the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Plaça de Catalunya station The Barcelona Metro, part of the mass transit public transport system of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain is an extensive network of electrified railways that run underground in central Barcelona and above ground into the citys suburbs. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Ferrocarril de Sóller or FS is a railway operating company, which operates an electrified 914 mm narrow gauge line on the Spanish island of Majorca, between the towns of Palma and Sóller. ... Palma (old Spanish name Palma de Mallorca) is the major city and port in the island of Majorca (in Catalan: Mallorca) and capital city of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands in Spain. ... Sóller is a town near the northwest coast of Majorca, in the Balearic Islands of Spain. ... Majorca (Spanish and Catalan: ) is the largest island of Spain. ... Lusatia (German: , Upper Sorbian: , Lower Sorbian: , Polish: , Czech: ) is a historical region between the Bóbr and Kwisa rivers and the Elbe river in the eastern German states of Saxony and Brandenburg, south-western Poland (Lower Silesian Voivodeship) and the northern Czech Republic. ... This article is about the word fart itself. ... The Chemin de fer de la mure (the Railway of the Wall) is an electrified railway near Grenoble. ... Grenoble (Franco-Provençal: Grenoblo) is a city and commune in south-east France situated at the foot of the Alps where the Drac joins the Isère River. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Hamburg S-Bahn is the suburban S-Bahn railway network serving the city of Hamburg. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... Special pilgrims journey near Kirchberg an der Pielach The Mariazellerbahn (Mariazell Railway) is an electrically operated narrow-gauge railway of the Österreichische Bundesbahnen with a track gauge of 760 mm (Bosnian gauge) which connects the Lower Austrian capital Sankt Pölten with the Styrian pilgrimage centre of Mariazell. ... The title of this article contains the character ö. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Sankt Poelten. ... Norwegian Electric Locomotive No. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Orkdalen Municipality NO-1638 Administrative centre Orkanger Mayor (2003) Gunnar H. Lysholm (Orkdalslista) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 185 594 km² 563 km² 0. ... The RhB (Rhaetian Railway / Rhätische Bahn (German) / Ferrovia Retica (Italian) / Viafier Retica (Rumantsch)) has the largest network of all the private railways in Switzerland. ... The Matterhorn-Gotthard-Bahn (MGB) is a narrow gauge railway in Switzerland. ... The Furka-Oberalp-Bahn is a narrow gauge railway in Switzerland with a gauge of 1,000 mm (1 m). ... BVZ Zermatt-Bahn is a narrow gauge railway in the Canton of Wallis, Switzerland. ... Most of the NEC (those sections shown in red, except Boston to the Rhode Island state line) is owned by Amtrak. ... Vermonter at the Brattleboro, Vermont, station, 18 March 2004. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For details about the Amtrak-owned piece, see Philadelphia to Harrisburg Main Line. ... Vermonter at the Brattleboro, Vermont, station, 18 March 2004. ... Harrisburg is the capital of Pennsylvania, a state of the United States of America. ... This article refers to the largest city of Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the transit agency. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... The New Jersey Transit Corporation (usually shortened to New Jersey Transit or NJ Transit) is a statewide public transportation system serving the state of New Jersey, and Orange and Rockland counties in New York. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Metro-North Commuter Railroad Company, or MTA Metro-North Railroad, or, more commonly, Metro-North, is a suburban commuter rail service that is run and managed by an authority of New York State, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, or, more simply, the MTA. Metro-North runs service between New York... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... Vermonter at the Brattleboro, Vermont, station, 18 March 2004. ... Most of the NEC (those sections shown in red, except Boston to the Rhode Island state line) is owned by Amtrak. ... The Hell Valley Railway is a railway line in the Höllental (Hell Valley) region of the Black Forest, Germany. ... Japan Railway, more commonly called JR, is a collective term for the privatized descendants of the former Japanese National Railways, formed when JNR was divided into seven parts on April 1, 1987. ... Third Sector is the Voluntary sector, it is called this way because it is not Government (First Sector), neither Market (Second Sector). ...   literally North Sea Circuit, Ainu: Mosir), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is Japans second largest island and the largest of its 47 prefectural-level subdivisions. ... Tohoku region, Japan The Tōhoku region (東北地方; Tōhoku-chihō) is a geographical area of Japan. ... Yamanote Line, Tokyo JR Yamanote Line train in Tokyo, Japan Above Yurakucho in Tokyo East Japan Railway Company (東日本旅客鉄道 Higashi-Nihon Ryokyaku Tetsudo or JR東日本; JR Higashi-Nihon) (TYO: 9020) is a Japanese private railroad company, the largest passenger railway company in the world and one of the seven JR companies. ... The Hokkaido Railway Company (北海道旅客鉄道 Hokkaidō Ryokaku Tetsudō) is one of the constituent companies of Japan Railway. ... Japan Railway, more commonly called JR, is a collective term for the privatized descendants of the former Japanese National Railways, formed when JNR was divided into seven parts on April 1, 1987. ... Third Sector is the Voluntary sector, it is called this way because it is not Government (First Sector), neither Market (Second Sector). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... JR Kyushu Midori Express Train on Sasebo Line The Kyushu Railway Company (九州旅客鉄道,Kyushu Ryokaku Tetsudo) is one of the constituent companies of Japan Railway. ... Most of the NEC (those sections shown in red, except Boston to the Rhode Island state line) is owned by Amtrak. ... Vermonter at the Brattleboro, Vermont, station, 18 March 2004. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... The New Jersey Transit Corporation (usually shortened to New Jersey Transit or NJ Transit) is a statewide public transportation system serving the state of New Jersey, and Orange and Rockland counties in New York. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Tokaido Shinkansen route Tōkaidō Shinkansen (東海道新幹線) is the original Shinkansen line that opened in 1964 between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka. ... Map of Sanyo Shinkansen route Sanyō Shinkansen ) is one of the lines of Shinkansen high speed rail network in Japan. ... For the record label, see Shinkansen Records. ... JR Central Towers in Nagoya The Central Japan Railway Company (東海旅客鉄道 JR Tōkai; JR 東海) is the main railway company operating in the Chubu (Nagoya) region of central Japan. ... West Japan Railway Company (西日本旅客鉄道株式会社 Nishi Nihon Ryokaku Tetsudô Kabushiki Gaisha), commonly known as JR-West (JR西日本 JR Nishi Nihon), is one of JR companies in Japan that covers western Honshu. ... The Deux-Montagnes line is a commuter rail line operated in the Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada area, by the Agence métropolitaine de transport, or AMT, (in English, the Metropolitan transportation agency), the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services across this region. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Korail is the national railroad operator in South Korea. ... The AREX (or Airport Railroad) is a South Korean railway line under contruction that will link Incheon International Airport and Gimpo Airport to Seoul Station. ... This article is about the city. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... Spoornet, formerly South African Railways and Harbours, is the name of the South African railway system. ... Eastbound train on the Black Mesa and Lake Powell railroad, May 19, 2007 The Black Mesa and Lake Powell (AAR reporting marks BLKM) is a private railroad owned by Salt River Project operating in Northern Arizona, USA within the Navajo Nation. ...

Overhead (Three-Phase)

Voltage Current Contact System Name of System Location Country Notes
    Three wire Tagebau Gruhlwerk     Rack Railway (0.7 km).
Operated 1927-1949
725 50 Hz, Δ Two wire Gornergratbahn Zermatt Switzerland Website
750 40 Hz, 3Ø Two wire Burgdorf-Thun Bahn Burgdorf-Thun Switzerland Operated 1899-1933.
Converted to 15 kV, 16⅔ Hz in 1933.
800 60 Hz, 3Ø   Corcovado Rack Railway Rio de Janeiro Brazil  
1125 50 Hz, 3Ø Two wire Jungfraubahn Interlaken Switzerland Website
3000 15 Hz, 3Ø   Valtellina Electrification   North Italy 1902-1917
3000 50 Hz, 3Ø   Chemin de Fer de la Rhune   France  
3600 16⅔ Hz, 3Ø Two wire     Italy Operated 1912-1976 in Upper Italy (more info needed)
3600 16.7 Hz, 3Ø   FS Bologna - Porretta - Firenze Italy 1927-1935
5200 25 Hz, 3Ø     Almeria-Gergal Spain 1911-1966?
10000 45 Hz, 3Ø Two wire FS Roma - Sulmona Italy 1929 - 1944
50 Hz, 3Ø Three wire   Berlin - Lichtenhain   Test track (1.8 km).
Variable voltage and frequency.
Trial runs 1898-1901
14000
(See notes)
38 Hz - 48 Hz
(See notes)
Three wire   Zossen - Marienfelde   Test Track (23.4 km).
Trial runs 1901-1904

Variable voltage between 10000 V and 14000 V and frequency between 38 Hz and 48 Hz. Three phase systems have 3 waveforms (usually carrying power) that are 2/3π radians (120 degrees,1/3 of a cycle) offset in time. ... The Gornergratbahn (GGB) is a 6 km long meter gauge mountain rack railway, with abt rack system, out of Zermatt, Switzerland, (Canton Valais). ... Corcovado Rack Railcar The Corcovado Rack Railway is a mountain railway line in the city of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. ... The Jungfraubahn (JB) is an 1 m (3 ft 33⁄8 in) gauge rack railway electrified at 3-phase 1,125 volts, which runs 9 kilometres from Kleine Scheidegg to the highest railway station in Europe at Jungfraujoch. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... Berlin-Marienfelde is a local part in the district Tempelhof beautiful mountain of Berlin, in the south of the city. ...

Special or unusual types

DC, plough collection from conductors in conduit below track

Conduit current collection was a system of current collection used by electric trams where the power supply was located in a channel under the roadway, rather than located overhead. ... The London County Council Tramways was an extensive network of public street tramways that was operated by the council throughout the County of London from 1899 to 1933, when they were taken over by the London Passenger Transport Board. ... The transport of London has, since 1933, been under a single control with various names. ...

DC, one ground-level conductor

  • Wolverhampton Corporation Tramways, England. (stud contact) (1902-1921)

DC, two ground-level conductors

A Citadis tram at the City Hall stop in Bordeaux The Bordeaux tramway network consists of three lines serving the capital of the Aquitaine Region in southwestern France. ... Bordeaux trams run without overhead wires. ...

DC, two-wire

  • Greenwich, England. Previously used by trams when in the vicinity of Greenwich Observatory; separate from trolley-bus supply.
  • Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. Tram (streetcar) system used this arrangement throughout, probably due to legal constraints on ground return currents.

This article is about Greenwich in England. ... Royal Observatory, Greenwich The original site of the Royal Greenwich Observatory (RGO), which was built as a workplace for the Astronomer Royal, was on a hill in Greenwich Park in Greenwich, London, overlooking the River Thames. ... Cincinnati redirects here. ...

DC, power from running rails

  • Gross-Lichterfelde Tramway (1881-1893)
  • Ungerer Tramway (1886-1895)
  • transportable railways as ride for children

DC, four-rail

Voltage Current Type Contact System Name of System Location Country Notes
750 DC guide bars   Paris Metro Paris France Rubber-tyred lines only
750 DC third and fourth Rail Lateral (positive) and top (negative) contact Milan Transportation System Milan Italy Metro (only line 1)
630 DC third and fourth Rail Top Contact London Underground London UK Transport for London [3]
Clive's Underground Line Guides [4]

Paris Art Nouveau Metro sign The Paris Métro is the metro (underground) system in Paris, France. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The Milan transportation system (Italian: Rete metropolitana di Milano) is the transport network of Milan, Italy. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... The London Underground is a rapid transit system that serves a large part of Greater London and some neighbouring areas of Essex, Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

See also

25 kV AC is one of the most common voltages used for railway electrification, usually at 50 Hz or 60 Hz depending on that countrys normal mains frequency. ... By traction current one understands the electric current, which is used for the drive of electrical trains. ... a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Bordeaux trams run without overhead wires. ...

References

  1. ^ Railway Gazette International April 2008, p 240
  2. ^ The world's oldest operational electric railway.

Railway Gazette International is a monthly business journal covering the railway, metro, light rail and tram industries worldwide. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
EZGeography - Railway electrification system (751 words)
Electric motors were fed directly from mains, and were controlled by using a combination of resistors and relays which connected the motors in parallel or series.
The 3000 V DC system is used in Belgium, Italy, Poland, the northern Czech Republic, Slovakia, former Yugoslavia and in the former Soviet Union.
This system is quite ecomomical, but it has its drawbacks: the phases of the external power system are loaded unequally, and there is significant electromagnetic interference generated.
Volt - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (392 words)
The volt (symbol: V) is the SI derived unit of electric potential difference or voltage.
The volt is defined as the potential difference across a conductor when a current of one ampere dissipates one watt of power.
Volta had determined that the most effective pair of dissimilar metals to produce electricity was zinc and silver.
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