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Encyclopedia > List of countries without armed forces

This is a list of the 24 countries that do not maintain an army. The term "country" is used in the sense of independent state; thus, it applies only to sovereign states and not dependencies whose defense is the responsibility of another country or an army alternative. Note: some nations such as Iceland, San Marino, Monaco, and St. Kitts and Nevis have no standing army, but still have a non-police military force. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... “Sovereign” redirects here. ... For other uses, see State (disambiguation). ... Dependent areas are territories that for some reason do not possess full political independence or sovereignty as states. ...

Country Comments
 Andorra Defense of the country is the responsibility of France and Spain. Similar treaties with both, June 3, 1993.
 Costa Rica The constitution forbids a standing military since 1949. Seat of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Seat of the United Nations University for Peace.
 Dominica No standing army since 1981, after the army attempted a coup. Defense is the responsibility of the Regional Security System.
 Grenada No standing army since 1983, after the American-led invasion. Defense is the responsibility of the Regional Security System.
 Haiti Disbanded in June 1995, but rebels have demanded its re-establishment. The National Police maintains some military units and is actually larger than need be to be considered a national military considering the much smaller militaries of neighboring countries.
 Iceland No standing army since 1869, but is a member of NATO. There is a defense agreement with the U.S., which maintained an Iceland Defense Force and a military base in the country from 1951 until September 2006. Iceland is not completely without armed forces as it maintains expeditionary peacekeeping forces, an air defence system, a coast guard, a police service as well as a tactical police force.
 Kiribati The only forces permitted are the police and the coast guard. Defense assistance is provided by Australia and New Zealand.
 Liechtenstein Abolished their army in 1868 because it was too costly. Army only existed in times of war. Despite what some sources might suggest, no defence treaty exists between Switzerland and Liechtenstein, the former not being responsible for defending the latter.
 Marshall Islands Defense is the responsibility of the United States.
 Mauritius Has had a paramilitary police force and coast guard since 1968. External security unofficially is the responsibility of India.
 Federated States of Micronesia Defense is the responsibility of the United States. Maintains a small paramilitary police force.
 Monaco Renounced its military investment in the 17th century because the expansion of ranges of artillery had rendered it defenseless. Defense is the responsibility of France. A 100 man military unit protects the Prince.
 Nauru Under an informal agreement, defense is the responsibility of Australia.
 Palau Along with the Philippines (1987 Constitution), the only country with an anti-nuclear constitution (adopted 1979). Defense is the responsibility of the United States.
 Panama Abolished their army in 1990, confirmed by a parliamentary unanimous vote for constitutional change in 1994. The Panamanian Public Forces (Police, Coast Guard, Air Service and Institutional Security) have strong warfare capabilities.
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Maintains a small defense force for internal purposes. Defense is the responsibility of Regional Security System.
 Saint Lucia Maintains a special service unit. Defense is the responsibility of Regional Security System.
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Maintains a special service unit. Defense is the responsibility of Regional Security System.
 Samoa No standing army. Defense is the responsibility of New Zealand.
 San Marino Maintains a 50 man volunteer military force, a police and a border force. Defense is the responsibility of Italy.
 Solomon Islands Has known a heavy ethnic conflict between 1998 and 2006, in which Australia, New Zealand and other Pacific countries finally intervened to restore peace and order. No standing army.
 Tuvalu Has no army, but its police force includes a Maritime Surveillance Unit.
 Vanuatu Has a small mobile military force.
 Vatican City The largely ceremonial Swiss Guard acts as a security police force. Defense is the responsibility of Italy. The Palatine Guard was abolished in 1970.
Countries without an army (click to enlarge).

Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Monaco, and Palau have no say in defense matters and little say in international relations. Andorra can call for help. Iceland has a defense agreement with the USA. All the others (18 countries) stand fully responsible and independent, without an army, for defense matters. Image File history File links Flag_of_Andorra. ... is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Costa_Rica. ... In December 1, 1948, president José Figueres Ferrer of Costa Rica abolished the countrys army after victory in the civil war in that year. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Inter-American Court of Human Rights is an autonomous judicial institution based in the city of San José, Costa Rica. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... Headquartered in Costa Rica, the United Nations-mandated University for Peace (UPEACE) was established in December 1980 as a Treaty Organization by the UN General Assembly. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Dominica. ... The military of Dominica consists of the Commonwealth of Dominica Police Force (includes Special Service Unit, Coast Guard). ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The Regional Security System (RSS) for the Eastern Caribbean region is an agreement for defence and security. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Grenada. ... Military branches: Royal Grenada Police Force (includes Special Service Unit), Coast Guard Military expenditures - dollar figure: $NA Military expenditures - percent of GDP: NA% Six days after Marxists seized control of Grenada on 19 October 1983, the country was invaded by the United States forces along with six other Caribbean nations. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Combatants United States Antigua and Barbuda Barbados Dominica Jamaica Saint Lucia Saint Vincent & the Grenadines Grenada Cuba Commanders Ronald Reagan Joseph Metcalf Hudson Austin Pedro Tortolo Strength 7,300 Grenada: 1,500 regulars Cuba: about 722 (mostly military engineers)[1] Casualties 19 killed; 116 wounded[2] Grenada: 45 military and... The Regional Security System (RSS) for the Eastern Caribbean region is an agreement for defence and security. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Haiti. ... Since 1995, when the HNP was created to bring public security under civilian control as mandated in Haitis constitution, more than 6,000 police officers have completed training in modern law enforcement. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Icelandic Crisis Response Unit Team in Afghanistan Officers of the defence force in a trench on Vaðlaheiði in 1940. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... This article is about the military alliance. ... An American HH-60 Pavehawk working with the Icelandic Coast Guard. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Icelandic Crisis Response Unit Mobile Observation Team in Afghanistan. ... Map of the Radar Stations of Ratsjárstofnun, centrepieces of the Icelandic Air Defence System The Iceland Air Defence System or Íslenska Loftvarnarkerfið was founded in 1987. ... Coat of arms of the Icelandic Coast Guard Naval Ensign of the Icelandic Coast Guard The Icelandic Coast Guard is a branch of Icelands military. ... Björn Árnason, the first policeman on Ísafjörður (1895). ... The Special Operations Task Force of the National Commissioner of the Icelandic Police exercises in downtown Reykjavík. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kiribati. ... Military branches: No regular military forces; Police Force (carries out law enforcement functions and paramilitary duties; small police posts are on all islands) Military expenditures - dollar figure: $NA Military expenditures - percent of GDP: NA% Military - note: Kiribati does not have military forces. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Liechtenstein. ... The Principality of Liechtenstein (German: Fürstentum Liechtenstein) is a small, doubly landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Switzerland to its west and by Austria to its east. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands. ... Military branches: no regular military forces (a coast guard may be established); Police Force Military expenditures - dollar figure: $NA Military expenditures - percent of GDP: NA% Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the United States References and Links Some information in this article has been taken from the CIA World... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritius. ... Mauritius does not have a standing army. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Micronesia. ... The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a sovereign, self-governing state in free association with the United States, which is wholly responsible for its defense. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Monaco. ... The Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince (Princes Company of Carabiniers) is the military force of Monaco. ... Prince(ss) of Monaco is a title given to certain members of the princely family of Monaco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nauru. ... Naurus internal security is provided by a small police force under complete civilian control. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palau. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Palau has no independent military, and relies on the United States for its defense. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Panama. ... The Panamanian Government has converted the former Panama Defense Forces (PDF) into a civilian public force, subordinate to civilian officials and composed of four independent units: the Panamanian National Police, the National Maritime Service (Coast Guard), the National Air Service, and the Institutional Protective Service (VIP Security). ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis. ... Military branches: Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Police Force, Coast Guard, Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Defense Force Military expenditures - dollar figure: not known yet Military expenditures - percent of GDP: not known yet References and Links Saint Kitts and Nevis Categories: Militaries | Saint Kitts and Nevis ... The Regional Security System (RSS) for the Eastern Caribbean region is an agreement for defence and security. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Lucia. ... Military branches: Royal Saint Lucia Police Force (includes Special Service Unit and Coast Guard) Military expenditures - dollar figure: $5 million (fiscal year 91/92) Military expenditures - percent of gross domestic product: 2 percent (fiscal year 91/92) References and Links Saint Lucia Categories: Militaries | Saint Lucia ... The Regional Security System (RSS) for the Eastern Caribbean region is an agreement for defence and security. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines. ... Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an independent sovereign state of the Caribbean, part of the Commonwealth of Nations. ... The Regional Security System (RSS) for the Eastern Caribbean region is an agreement for defence and security. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Samoa. ... Bold textSamoa has no formal defense structure or regular armed forces; informal defense ties exist with New Zealand, which is required to consider any Samoan request for assistance under the 1962 Treaty of Friendship. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_San_Marino. ... San Marino has one of the smallest military forces in the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Solomon_Islands. ... Map of the Solomon Islands Operation Helpem Fren, also known as the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI), was created in 2003 in response to a request for international aid by the Governor General of the Solomon Islands. ... The Solomon Islands have regular military forces; Solomon Islands National Reconnaissance and Surveillance Force; Royal Solomon Islands Police (RSIP). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tuvalu. ... Tuvalu has no regular military forces, and spends no money on the military. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vanuatu. ... Military branches: no regular military forces; Vanuatu Police Force (VPF; includes the paramilitary Vanuatu Mobile Force or VMF) Military expenditures - dollar figure: $NA Military expenditures - percent of GDP: NA% See also Vanuatu Categories: Militaries | Vanuatu ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Vatican_City. ... Papal Swiss Guards in traditional uniforms Swiss Guards are Swiss mercenary soldiers who have served as bodyguards, ceremonial guards, and palace guards at foreign European courts from the late 15th century until the present day (in the form of the Papal Swiss Guard). ... Security police are those persons, usually employed by a governmental agency, who provide police and security services to their properties. ... The Palatine Guard (Guardia Palatina dOnore) was a unit of the military of the Vatican City. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 370 pixelsFull resolution (1357 × 628 pixel, file size: 16 KB, MIME type: image/png) Countries without an army marked in blue, from w:List of countries without an army File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 370 pixelsFull resolution (1357 × 628 pixel, file size: 16 KB, MIME type: image/png) Countries without an army marked in blue, from w:List of countries without an army File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to...


Eight of them (Costa Rica, Dominica, Grenada, Haiti, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Panama and Liechtenstein) went through a process of demilitarization. All the 16 others, including Andorra over 700 years ago, were at one point born without an army, mostly because they were (some still are) under protection from a more powerful nation by the time they became independent. They are all thought to be in a situation of "non-militarization".


See also

Military expenditure by country using CIA World Factbook figures Military spending as a percentage of GDP using CIA World Factbook figures This is a list of countries by military expenditures using the latest information available. ... Number of active troops per country This is a list of countries sorted by the total number of active troops where the military manpower of a country is measured by the total amount of active troops within the command of that country. ... This list of countries by size of armed forces displays national troop levels by active troop strength, number of Naval combatants and aircraft. ...

References

  • C. Barbey, "La non-militarisation et les pays sans armée : une réalité", APRED, Switzerland, 2001. APRED

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