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Encyclopedia > List of countries where English is an official language

The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where English is an official language, in order of population. Several of these nations, like Canada and the Philippines, use English as an official language but not the sole official language. This article discusses states as sovereign political entities. ... Types of administrative and/or political territories include: A legally administered territory, which is a non-sovereign geographic area that has come under the authority of another government. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ...


This list also includes countries where English is the dominant language, but does not have official status. In Australia, English is spoken by the vast majority of the population, but it is not an official language. This is the same in the U.S. and the UK, although some states or regions within the UK and the U.S. have English as an official language. Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from...


The status of English as a country's official language does not necessarily correlate with the number of English-speakers in that country. India, for example, with a population of 1.1 billion, has fewer than 200,000 native speakers of English and approximately 100 million second-language English speakers (who form less than 10% of its population). Nigeria on the other hand, has a small percentage of Standard English second-language speakers; however, more than 60% of its population speaks Nigerian Pidgin English, which although not a dialect of English, does contain many English words and possesses an English-like grammatical structure. This is a list of countries of the world sorted by the total English-speaking population in that country. ... Nigerian Pidgin English is a version of English with Nigerian elements (words, gestures, and connotations) added in. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

Map of nations using English as an official language or as the predominant non-official language
Map of nations using English as an official language or as the predominant non-official language

Almost all of these countries are current or former colonies or dependencies of the UK (see also British Empire) or the United States. The notable exception is Madagascar, which is a former French colony with English speaking neighbors. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1350x625, 110 KB) Summary Countries where English is an official or de facto official language Countries added by Ezeu based on wikipedia:List of countries where English is an official language (version: 16 March 2006) Original map: BlankMap-World. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1350x625, 110 KB) Summary Countries where English is an official or de facto official language Countries added by Ezeu based on wikipedia:List of countries where English is an official language (version: 16 March 2006) Original map: BlankMap-World. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ...


India's linguistic picture is complex. According to the Constitution of India, "Hindi in the Devanagari script" is the official language of the union[1] and English the 'subsidiary official language';[2] however, English is mandated for the authoritative texts of all federal laws and Supreme Court decisions, and (along with Hindi) is one of the two languages of the Indian Parliament. See Official Languages of India. The Constitution of India lays down the framework on which Indian polity is run. ... Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... Rigveda manuscript in Devanagari (early 19th century) DevanāgarÄ« (देवनागरी — in English pronounced ) (ISCII – IS13194:1991) [1] is an abugida alphabet used to write several Indian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Bihari, Bhili, Konkani, Bhojpuri and Nepali from Nepal. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is one of the two official languages of India, the other being English. ... The Parliament of India is bicameral. ... As a large and linguistically diverse country, India does not have a single official language. ...


These nations total 2.135 billion people, 15,583,152 square miles and about 18 trillion US dollars in GDP. India represents over half this population, and the United States represents over half this GDP.[citation needed]

Contents

Sovereign states

Rank Country (*= widely spoken but not an official language) Population1
1 India 1,103,600,000
2 United States* 300,007,997
3 Pakistan 162,419,946
4 Nigeria 128,771,988
5 Philippines 87,857,473
6 United Kingdom* 60,441,457
7 South Africa 44,344,136
8 Kenya 33,829,590
9 Canada 32,300,000
10 Uganda 27,269,482
11 Ghana 21,029,853
12 Australia* 20,800,000
13 Sri Lanka 20,064,776
14 Madagascar 19,280,000
15 Cameroon 16,380,005
16 Zimbabwe 12,746,990
17 Malawi 12,158,924
18 Zambia 11,261,795
19 Rwanda 8,440,820
20 Sierra Leone 6,017,643
21 Papua New Guinea 5,545,268
22 Singapore 4,425,720
23 Republic of Ireland 4,130,700
24 New Zealand 4,108,561
25 Liberia 3,482,211
26 Jamaica 2,731,832
27 Namibia 2,030,692
28 Lesotho 1,867,035
29 Botswana 1,640,115
30 The Gambia 1,593,256
31 Mauritius 1,230,602
32 Swaziland 1,173,900
33 Trinidad and Tobago 1,088,644
34 Fiji 893,354
35 Guyana 765,283
36 Solomon Islands 538,032
37 Malta 398,534
38 The Bahamas 301,790
39 Belize 279,457
40 Barbados 279,254
41 Vanuatu 205,754
42 Saint Lucia 166,312
43 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 117,534
44 Micronesia, Federated States of 108,105
45 Kiribati 103,092
46 Grenada 89,502
47 Seychelles 81,188
48 Dominica 69,029
49 Antigua and Barbuda 68,722
50 Marshall Islands 59,071
51 Saint Kitts and Nevis 38,958
52 Palau 20,303

Dependent entities

Rank Country (*= widely spoken but not an official language) Population1
1 Hong Kong 2 6,898,686
2 Puerto Rico 3 3,912,054
3 Guam 4 108,708
4 U.S. Virgin Islands 5 108,708
5 Jersey 6 88,200
6 Northern Mariana Islands 7 80,801
7 Isle of Man 8 75,049
8 Bermuda 9 65,365
9 Guernsey 10 65,228
10 American Samoa 11 64,869
11 Cayman Islands 44,270
12 Gibraltar 27,884
13 British Virgin Islands 22,643
14 Cook Islands 21,388
15 Turks and Caicos Islands 20,556
16 Anguilla 13,254
17 Montserrat 9,341
18 Saint Helena 7,460
19 Falkland Islands 2,967
20 Norfolk Island 1,828
21 Christmas Island 12 1,600
22 Tristan da Cunha 273
23 Pitcairn Islands 13 67

Motto Our faith is our strength Anthem God Save the Queen Capital (and largest city) Edinburgh of the Seven Seas Official languages English Government Dependency of St. ...

See also

This is a list of countries of the world sorted by the total English-speaking population in that country. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This list shows countries organised by the languages which are spoken there. ... The following is a list of the 29 countries where French is an official language: Belgium Benin Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Comoros Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Côte dIvoire Djibouti Equatorial Guinea France Gabon Guinea Haiti Luxembourg Madagascar Mali...

Footnotes

  1. ^  The population figures are based on List of countries by population.
  2. ^  Hong Kong is a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China
  3. ^  Puerto Rico is an unincorporated United States territory called a "commonwealth"
  4. ^  Guam is an organized unincorporated territory of the United States
  5. ^  The US Virgin Islands is an insular area of the United States
  6. ^  Jersey is a British Crown dependency
  7. ^  The Northern Mariana Islands is a commonwealth in political union with the United States
  8. ^  Isle Of Man is a British Crown dependency
  9. ^  Bermuda is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom
  10. ^  Guernsey is a British Crown dependency
  11. ^  American Samoa is an unincorporated U.S. territory
  12. ^  Christmas Island is an external territory of Australia
  13. ^ Pitcairn Islands is a British overseas territory

This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative... Political divisions of the United States as they were from 1868 to 1876, including 9 organized territories and 2 unorganized territories Territories of the United States are one type of political division of the United States, administered by the U.S. government but not any part of a U.S... The English noun commonwealth dates originally from the fifteenth century. ... Political divisions of the United States as they were from 1868 to 1876, including 9 organized territories and 2 unorganized territories Territories of the United States are one type of political division of the United States, administered by the U.S. government but not any part of a U.S... An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... The Isle of Man is situated in the Irish Sea between Great Britain and Ireland, and the bailiwicks of Jersey and Guersey are situated in the English Channel to the west of the Cotentin Crown dependencies are possessions of The Crown in Right of the United Kingdom, as opposed to... The English noun commonwealth dates originally from the fifteenth century. ... A Political Union is a type of state which is composed of smaller states. ... The Isle of Man is situated in the Irish Sea between Great Britain and Ireland, and the bailiwicks of Jersey and Guersey are situated in the English Channel to the west of the Cotentin Crown dependencies are possessions of The Crown in Right of the United Kingdom, as opposed to... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper ( Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... The Isle of Man is situated in the Irish Sea between Great Britain and Ireland, and the bailiwicks of Jersey and Guersey are situated in the English Channel to the west of the Cotentin Crown dependencies are possessions of The Crown in Right of the United Kingdom, as opposed to... Political divisions of the United States as they were from 1868 to 1876, including 9 organized territories and 2 unorganized territories Territories of the United States are one type of political division of the United States, administered by the U.S. government but not any part of a U.S... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... Location of the British Overseas Territories The British Overseas Territories are fourteen[1] territories which the United Kingdom considers to be under its sovereignty, but not as part of the United Kingdom itself. ...

References

  1. ^ The Union: Official Language. National Informatics Centre (NIC) (2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  2. ^ Notification No. 2/8/60-O.L. (Ministry of Home Affairs), dated 27th April, 1960. Retrieved on July 4, 2007.

 
 

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