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Encyclopedia > List of countries in Europe

This is a list of European countries, including the respective capitals. This article is about the continent. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ...

Contents

A

Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Skanderbeg Square (Photo by Marc Morell) Tirana (Albanian: Tiranë or Tirana) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Albania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Andorra. ... Andorra la Vella by morning Andorra la Vella (2004 est. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Wien is the German language name for Vienna, the city and federal state in Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... Location Location of Yerevan in Armenia Government Country Armenia Established 782 BC Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Geographical characteristics Area  - City 227 km² Population  - City (2004)    - Density 1,226,000   5196. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Azerbaijan. ... Municipality: Baku Area: 1000 km² Altitude: -28 m Population: 2,074,300 census 2003 Population density: 1280 persons/km² Postal Code: +99450 Area code: 012 Municipality code: BA Latitude: 41° 01 52 N Longitude: 21° 20 25 E Weather types: 9 of 11 Mayor: Hajibala Abutalybov The Baku region. ...

B

Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... Location Location of Minsk, shown within the Minsk Voblast Government Country Subdivision Belarus Minsk Founded 1067 Mayor Mikhail Pavlov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 305. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... For other uses, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Nickname: Olympic City Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina&Republika Srpska Canton Sarajevo Canton Mayor Semiha Borovac Area    - City 142 km²  (493 sq mi)  - Land 1,277 sq km km² Elevation 500 m  (1640. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(bordered). ... Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Mayor Boyko Borisov Area    - City 1,310 km²  - Land (?) km²  - Water (?) km² Elevation 550 m Population (15 September 2006)  - City 1,246,791  - Density 907/km²  - Metro 1,377,761 Time zone EET (UTC+2)  - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC...

C

Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Zagreb (pronounced: ) is the capital and largest city of Croatia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic_(bordered). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus_(bordered). ... Platia Eleftherias (Freedom square) Nicosia, Cyprus Satellite photo of Nicosia, Cyprus Nicosia, known locally as Lefkosia (Greek: Λευκωσία , also colloquially Khora, Χώρα or Turkish: Lefkoşa) is the capital and largest city of Cyprus. ...

D

Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Copenhagen (IPA: , rhyming with pagan (the way the Danes themselves pronounce the name of the capital in English), or , with a as in spa; Danish   IPA: ) is the capital of Denmark and the countrys largest city (metropolitan population 1,211,542 (2006)). It is also the name of the...

E

Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia_(bordered). ... County Harju County Mayor Jüri Ratas Area 159. ...

F

Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland_(bordered). ... Founded 1550 Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area[1] - Of which land - Rank 185. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...

G

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia_(bordered). ... Coordinates:  - Governing Mayor Giorgi Gigi Ugulava Area    - City 372 km² Population (2005)  - City 1,093,000 Tbilisi (Georgian თბილისი , IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura (Mtkvari) River, at . ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Nickname: City of Athena or Cradle of Democracy Location of the city of Athens (red dot) within the Prefecture of Athens and Periphery of Attica Coordinates: Country Greece Peripheries Attica Prefecture Athens Founded circa 2000 BC Mayor Nikitas Kaklamanis Area    - City 38. ...

H

Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

I

Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ...   (IPA: ) is the capital of Iceland, its largest city and, with a latitude at 64°08 N, the worlds most northern national capital. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Roma may refer to: Roma people, also known as Gypsies Rome, the capital of Italy, its name in Italian and several other languages ROMA, Representational Oligonucleotide Microarray Analysis, a genomics technology A.S. Roma, an Italian football (soccer) team Roma (mythology), Roman deity Roma (film), three films of that name...

K

Image File history File links Flag_of_Kazakhstan. ... Coordinates:  - Mayor Askar Mamin Population (estimated)  - City 600,000 Time zone BTT (UTC+6) Astana (Kazakh: Астана; former names include Akmola, Tselinograd, and Aqmola), estimated population of 600,000 (2004), is the second largest city and the capital of Kazakhstan since 1997. ...

L

Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... Map of Latvia Coordinates: Founded 1201 Mayor Aivars Aksenoks Area    - City 307. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Liechtenstein. ... The city centre of Vaduz Vaduz Castle, one of the towns primary landmarks Vaduz (pronunciation in IPA: or ) is the capital of the principality of Liechtenstein and the seat of the national parliament. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Location Ethnographic region AukÅ¡taitija County Vilnius County Municipality Vilnius city municipality Coordinates Number of elderates 20 General Information Capital of Lithuania Vilnius County Vilnius city municipality Vilnius district municipality Population 540,318 in 2005 (1st) First mentioned 1323 Granted city rights 1387 Not to be confused with Vilnius city... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ...

M

Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Skopje (Macedonian: ) is the capital and largest city in the Republic of Macedonia, with more than a quarter of the population of the country, as well as the political, cultural, economical and academic centre of the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro. ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 (local also Albanian) Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence from Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ... Coordinates Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 1,441 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 136,473 169,132 117,4 pop per km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Before 12th Century as Birziminium Area code +382 81 Car... Coordinates Mayor Milovan Janković Municipality area 910 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 15,137 18,482 20. ...

N

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Amsterdam Location Flag Country Netherlands Province North Holland Population 741,329 (1 August 2006) Agglomeration - up to 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... County Oslo NO-03 District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ...

P

Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_(bordered). ... Warsaw (Polish: , , in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland, its largest city, and a gamma world city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Lisbon (Portuguese: Lisboa, IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Portugal. ...

R

Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Status Capital of Romania Mayor Adriean Videanu, since 2005 Area 228 km² Population (2003) 1,929,615[1] Density 9131. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia_(bordered). ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   8537. ...

S

Image File history File links Flag_of_San_Marino_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_(state)_(bordered). ... Anthem: Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment    - Formation 8th century   - Independence c. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia_(bordered). ... Bratislava (see below for name alternatives), is the capital of Slovakia and the countrys largest city, with a population of some 450,000. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia_(bordered). ...   (IPA: ) is the capital and largest city in Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : 40° 23’N , 3°43′0″W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Villa de Madrid (Spanish) Spanish name Villa de Madrid Founded 9th century Postal code 28001-28080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 91 (Madrid) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ...   (IPA: ; UN/LOCODE: SE STO) is the capital of Sweden, and consequently the site of its Government and Parliament as well as the residence of the Swedish head of state, King Carl XVI Gustaf. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Location within Switzerland The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ...

T

Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ...

U

Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

V

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Vatican_City. ...

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