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Encyclopedia > List of conservation topics

The list of conservation topics is a link page for the conservation of both the natural environment and the built environment.

Contents


General

Look up Agreement in Wiktionary, the free dictionary An agreement may be an agreement in beliefs, rules, practices (policies), or conduct. ... Convention has at least two separate and very distinct meanings. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The word protocol derives from a Greek phrase meaning first leaf, referring to the first draft of a treaty. ... Agrarianism is a social and political philosophy. ... As an area of research and development, arid-zone agriculture, or desert agriculture, includes studies of how to increase the agricultural productivity of lands dominated by lack of freshwater, an abundance of heat and sunlight, and usually one or more of extreme winter cold, short rainy season, saline soil or... Precision farming or precision agriculture is an agricultural concept relying on the existence of in-field variability. ... This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Agricultural engineering is the discipline of engineering in agricultural, food, and biological systems. ... Agricultural science (also called agronomy) is a broad multidisciplinary field that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic, and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. ... These should be the most basic topics in the field--topics about which wed like to have articles soon. ... Agritourism is a style of vacation in which hospitality is offered on farms. ... Collective farming is an organizational unit in agriculture in which peasants are not paid wages, but rather receive a share of the farms net output. ... Crop rotation is the practice of growing two (or more) dissimilar type of crops in the same space in sequence. ... Fertilizers or fertilisers are compounds given to plants with the intention of promoting growth; they are usually applied either via the soil, for uptake by plant roots, or by foliar spraying, for uptake through leaves. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, formerly also known as Gramineae. ... Alternative meanings: Harrow, London, a place in the London Borough of Harrow; Harrow School, a famous public school in the United Kingdom; The Harrow, a fantasy and horror magazine. ... Permaculture Mandala illustration by Graham Burnett, summarising the ethics and principles of permaculture design. ... Sowing is the process of planting seeds. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Vegetable farming has traditionally been done in long rows. ... Common Vegetables Artichoke Arugula (US) == Rocket (UK and Australia) Asparagus Avocado Beans and Peas Azuki beans, adzuki beans Bean sprouts Black-eyed peas = Black-eyed beans (UK and Australia) Broad beans Chickpeas = Garbanzo beans Varieties of the Common bean Pinto beans Navy beans Kidney beans Black turtle beans Borlotti beans... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria Placozoa Subregnum Bilateria  Acoelomorpha  Orthonectida  Rhombozoa  Myxozoa  Superphylum Deuterostomia     Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ... A zoo. ... The following is a partial list of zoological gardens (zoos): // Africa Egypt Giza Zoo South Africa National Zoo, Pretoria Johannesburg Zoo East London Asia Afghanistan Kabul Zoo, Kabul Bangladesh Dhaka Zoo,Mirpur,Dhaka China Beijing Zoo Wolong Giant Panda Breeding Center, Sichuan province Iran Amol Zoo Bandar Abbas Zoo Darabad... Aqua is a Danish pop-dance band which consisted of Lene Grawford Nystr m (born 2 October 1973, T nsberg, Norway), Ren Dif (born 17 October 1967, Copenhagen, Denmark), Claus Norr en (born 5 June 1970, Charlottenlund, Denmark) and S ren Rasted (born 13 June 1969, Blovstr d, Denmark). ... Aquaculture is the cultivation of aquatic organisms, such as fish, shellfish, algae and other aquatic plants. ... Pont du Gard, France, a Roman era aqueduct circa 19 BC, it is one of Frances top tourist attractions at over 1. ... An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, or permeable mixtures of unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) (see also groundwater). ... Aquatic plants — also called hydrophytic plants or hydrophytes — are plants that have adapted to living in or on aquatic environments. ... Water (from the Old English word wæter; c. ... Importance and applicability Most of human history is not described by any written records. ... Industrial archaeology concerns itself with the physical remains of the Industrial Revolution. ... Biochemistry is the chemistry of life, a bridge between biology and chemistry that studies how complex chemical reactions give rise to life. ... Biodefense refers to short term, local, usually military measures to restore biosecurity to a given group of persons in a given area — in the civilian terminology, it is a very robust biohazard response. ... Biodegradation is the decomposition of organic material by microorganisms. ... Biodiversity or biological diversity is the diversity of and in living nature. ... A biogenic substance is a substance produced by natural processes. ... Biogeography is the science which deals with questions of species patterns of distribution and the process that resulted in such patterns. ... Bioinformatics or computational biology is the use of techniques from applied mathematics, informatics, statistics, and computer science to solve biological problems. ... Main articles: Life All organisms (viruses not included) consist of cells, which in turn, are based on a common carbon-based biochemistry. ... Developmental biology is the study of the process by which organisms grow and develop. ... In surgery, a biomaterial is a synthetic material used to replace part of a living system or to function in intimate contact with living tissue. ... In ecology, a biome is a major regional group of distinctive plant and animal communities well adapted to the regions physical environment. ... Biomimicry (also biomimickry) is the conscious copying of examples and mechanisms from natural organisms and ecologies. ... Biopiracy refers to the privatization and unauthorized use of biological resources by entities (including corporations, universities and governments) outside of a country which has pre-existing knowledge. ... Bioregional democracy (or the Bioregional State) is a set of electoral reforms designed to force the political process in a democracy to better represent concerns about the economy, the body, and environmental concerns (e. ... Biosafety: prevention of large-scale loss of biological integrity, focusing both on ecology and human health. ... Biosalinity is the study and practice of using saline (salty) water for irrigating agricultural crops. ... A biosecurity guarantee attempts to ensure that ecologies sustaining either people or animals are maintained. ... The biosphere is that part of a planets outer shell—including air, land, surface rocks and water—within which life occurs, and which biotic processes in turn alter or transform. ... A Biosphere Reserve is an international conservation designation for reserves designated by UNESCO under the MaB (Man and the Biosphere) Programme. ... Biostatistics (sometimes known as biometrics, though a recent development is the use of biometrics to refer to an entirely different field), most generally, is the application of statistics to biology and, most commonly, to medicine. ... Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... Bioterrorism is terrorism using germ warfare, an intentional human release of a naturally-occurring or human-modified toxin or biological agent. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = word). ... Biological warfare, also known as germ warfare, is the use of any organism (bacteria, virus or other disease-causing organism) or toxin found in nature, as a weapon of war. ... Biotic factors are factors produced by living organisms that affect the ability of other living organisms to survive in an environment. ... Abiotic factors are the non-living factors of the Earth which affect the ability of living organisms to survive in an environment. ... Abiotic stress is caused in living organisms by nonliving environmental factors, such as drought, extreme temperatures, soil conditions, and high winds. ... Halophiles are extremophiles that thrive in environments with very high concentrations of salt (at least 0. ... Orders Many - see section below. ... Seabirds are birds that spend much of their lives, outside the breeding season at least, at sea. ... Ornithology (from the Greek ornitha = chicken and logos = word/science) is the branch of biology concerned with the scientific study of birds. ... Falcated Duck at Slimbridge Wildfowl and Wetlands centre, Gloucestershire, England Wildfowl or waterfowl, also waterbirds, is the collective term for the approximately 147 species of swans, geese and ducks, classified in the order Anseriformes, family Anatidae. ... Falcated Duck at Slimbridge Wildfowl and Wetlands centre, Gloucestershire, England Wildfowl or waterfowl, also waterbirds, is the collective term for the approximately 147 species of swans, geese and ducks, classified in the order Anseriformes, family Anatidae. ... The expression built environment recognises that much of the physical world in which humans function and thrive has been intentionally created; is something aesthetically and functionally shared; and functions as an organism in the consumption of resources, disposal of wastes, and facilitation of productive enterprise within its bounds. ... List of abbeys and priories is a link list for any abbey or priory. ... The List of bridges is a link page for any bridge. ... The List of castles is a link page for any castle in the sense of a fortified building. ... List of historic houses is a link page for any stately home or historic house. ... The List of lighthouses and lightvessels is a link page for any lighthouse or lightvessel anywhere in the world. ... The list of museums is a link page for any museum anywhere. ... The List of Roman sites is a link page for any Roman site. ... Roman sites in the United Kingdom is a link page for any Roman site open to the public. ... Graves at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York A cemetery or graveyard is a place (usually an enclosed area of land) in which dead bodies are buried. ... This is a list of famous cemeteries, mausoleums and other places people are buried, world-wide. ... High Cross in Ireland A High Cross is a standing cross with a circle, made of stone and often richly ornamented. ... The round tower at Glendalough, Ireland, is approximately 30 metres tall A round tower was primarily a bell tower, or belfry, as the Irish form of the name cloictheach clearly indicates, and as was proved by George Petrie as long ago as 1845 and never seriously challenged since. ... Village signs are a custom involving It is practised in Norfolk, England and, to a lesser degree, in the neighbouring county of Suffolk and a few other counties. ... A spa town is a town frequented, in times past, for health reasons, to take the waters. The name derives from the Belgian town Spa, and in continental Europe, a spa was known as a ville deau (town of water). ... The List of spa towns is a link page for any spa town. ... A tithe barn was a type of barn used in England in the Middle Ages for storing the tithes - a tenth of the farms produce which had to be given to the church. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... The list of tunnels includes any road tunnel, railway tunnel or waterway tunnel anywhere in the world. ... A watermill is a machine constructed by connecting a water wheel to a pair of millstones. ... The List of windmills is a link page for any windmill or windpump. ... The following is a partial list of zoological gardens (zoos): // Africa Egypt Giza Zoo South Africa National Zoo, Pretoria Johannesburg Zoo East London Asia Afghanistan Kabul Zoo, Kabul Bangladesh Dhaka Zoo,Mirpur,Dhaka China Beijing Zoo Wolong Giant Panda Breeding Center, Sichuan province Iran Amol Zoo Bandar Abbas Zoo Darabad... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years The term climate change is used to refer to changes in the Earths global climate or regional climates. ... The term climate change is used to refer to changes in the Earths climate. ... Climate models use quantitative methods to simulate the interactions of the atmosphere, oceans, land surface, and ice. ... Tree ferns thrive in a protected dell at Heligan Gardens, in Cornwall, England, latitude 50o 15N A microclimate is a local zone wherein the climate differs from the surrounding area. ... Regions with a polar climate are characterized by a lack of warm summers (specifically, no month having an average temperature of 10°C or higher), resulting in the absence of trees in such places, which may also be covered with glaciers or a permanent or semi_permanent layer of ice. ... Regions having a subarctic climate (also called boreal climate) are characterized by very cold winters, and brief, warm summers. ... In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ... The climate of the Alps is the climate, or average weather conditions over a long time, of the central Alpine region of Europe. ... In England and Wales, a common is a piece of land over which other people -- often neighbouring landowners -- could exercise one of a number of traditional rights, such as allowing their cattle to graze upon it. ... The tragedy of the commons is a metaphor used to illustrate the conflict between individual interests and the common good. ... The tragedy of the anticommons occurs when too many individuals have rights of exclusion (such as property rights) in a scarce resource. ... // Use of the term The concept of property or ownership has no single or universally accepted definition. ... Conservation may refer to the following: Conservation ethic in relation to preserving ecosystems Conservationist Conservation movement Conservation ecology Conservation law of physics Conservation of energy Conservation of mass Conservation in genetics Conservation in psychology Prolonging the material integrity of cultural and artistic objects Art conservation Architectural conservation or immovable object... A conservation designation is a name and/or acronym which explains the status of an area of land in terms of conservation or protection. ... The Conservation movement seeks to protect plant and animal species from harmful human influences. ... Some conservation biologists have been concerned about the Amazon rainforest. ... Some conservation ecologists have been concerned about the Amazon rainforest. ... The Global 200 is the list of ecoregions identified by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) as priorities for conservation. ... Crop has several meanings: A crop is a plant domesticated for use in agriculture, considered as a group (eg. ... Crop rotation is the practice of growing two (or more) dissimilar type of crops in the same space in sequence. ... Binomial name Hordeum vulgare L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is a major food and animal feed crop, a member of the grass family Poaceae. ... Binomial name Avena sativa Carolus Linnaeus (1753) The Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain, and the seeds of this plant. ... Straw is the dry stalk of a cereal plant, after the nutrient grain or seed has been removed. ... Species T. boeoticum T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat (Triticum spp. ... Look up Culture on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikinews has news related to this article: Culture and entertainment Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Cultural Development in Antiquity Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Culture and Civilization in Modern Times Classificatory system for cultures and civilizations, by Dr. Sam Vaknin... The word culture comes from the Latin root colere (to inhabit, to cultivate, or to honor). ... Cultural diversity is the variety of human cultures in a specific region, or in the world as a whole. ... Cultural resources management (CRM) is a branch of archaeology concerned with the identification, maintenance, and preservation of significant cultural sites in the face of threat. ... Earth, also known as the Earth, Terra, and (mostly in the 19th century) Tellus, is the third-closest planet to the Sun. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with World Summit on Sustainable Development. ... The Earth immune system is a controversial proposal, claimed to be a consequence of the Gaia hypothesis. ... Ecofeminism is a biocentric environmental movement with cultural and social concerns. ... An ecoregion is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... Ecoregions are defined by World Wildlife Fund as relatively large units of land or water containing a distinct assemblage of natural communities and species, with boundaries that approximate the original extent of natural communities prior to major land-use change. Terrestrial ecoregions are land ecoregions, as distinct from freshwater ecoregions... In ecology, an ecosystem is a naturally occurring assemblage of organisms (plant, animal and other living organisms—also referred to as a biotic community or biocoenosis) living together with their environment (or biotope), functioning as a loose unit. ... Ecosystem services are processes by which the natural environment produces resources useful to people. ... Ecovillages are socially, economically and ecologically sustainable villages of 50 to 150 people. ... Ecotourism essentially means ecological tourism, where ecological has both environmental and social connotations. ... (Ecology is sometimes used incorrectly as a synonym for the natural environment. ... The global ecology movement is one of several new social movements that emerged at the end of the sixties, its growth has been stimulated by a widespread acknowledgement of an ecological crisis of our planet. ... Theoretical ecology refers to several intellectual traditions. ... Ecology is the branch of science that studies the distribution and abundance of living organisms, and the interactions between organisms and their environment. ... In ecology, a niche is a term describing the relational position of a species or population in an ecosystem. ... Ecological selection (or environmental selection or survival selection or individual selection or asexual selection) refers to natural selection minus sexual selection, i. ... Ecozone is a classification system of the world first proposed by Miklos Udvardy under the name biogeographical realms for conservation purposes. ... The American bison numbered as few as 750 in 1890 due to extreme overhunting. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of taxons. ... ... Ape extinction, particularly great ape extinction, is one of the most widely held biodiversity concerns. ... Artists rendition of a Giant Haasts eagle attacking New Zealand moa. ... Species with a small population size are subject to a higher chance of extinction because their small population size makes them more vulnerable to genetic drift, resulting in stochastic variation in their gene pool, their demography and their environment. ... A zoo. ... The following is a partial list of zoological gardens (zoos): // Africa Egypt Giza Zoo South Africa National Zoo, Pretoria Johannesburg Zoo East London Asia Afghanistan Kabul Zoo, Kabul Bangladesh Dhaka Zoo,Mirpur,Dhaka China Beijing Zoo Wolong Giant Panda Breeding Center, Sichuan province Iran Amol Zoo Bandar Abbas Zoo Darabad... Pollinator decline is based on observations made at the end of the twentieth century of the reduction in abundance of pollinators in many ecosystems worldwide. ... Renewable energy (sources) or RES capture their energy from existing flows of energy, from on-going natural processes, such as sunshine, wind, flowing water, biological processes, and geothermal heat flows. ... An autonomous building is a building designed to be operated independently from infrastructual support services such as the electric power power grid, municipal water systems, sewage treatment systems, storm drains, communication services, and (in some cases) public roads. ... Biogas typically refers to methane produced by the fermentation of organic matter including manure, wastewater sludge, or municipal solid waste, under anaerobic conditions. ... Biomass is organic non-fossil material, collectively. ... Biomass is organic non-fossil material, collectively. ... Thermally active area, New Zealand. ... A heat pump is a machine which moves heat from a low temperature reservoir to a higher temperature reservoir under supply of work. ... Coal rail cars in Ashtabula, Ohio Fossil fuels, also known as mineral fuels, are hydrocarbon-containing natural resources such as coal, petroleum and natural gas. ... Natural resources are commodities that are considered valuable in their relatively unmodified (natural) form. ... Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by deep mining, coal mining (open-pit mining or strip mining). ... Oil is a generic term for organic liquids that are not miscible with water. ... Natural gas (commonly refered to as gas in many countries, but note that this is also American and Canadian slang for gasoline) is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane. ... Peat in Lewis, Scotland Peat is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetable matter. ... Solar power describes a number of methods of harnessing energy from the light of the sun. ... Solar power describes a number of methods of harnessing energy from the light of the sun. ... Active solar is a term which refers to the use of solar energy to actively convert the energy in sunlight into other forms. ... Passive solar is a broad category of techniques for regulating a buildings indoor air and domestic water temperatures, using climate, site features, architectural elements, and landscape materials. ... A solar box cooker is an insulated transparent-topped box with a reflective lid. ... A solar cell, or photovoltaic cell, is a semiconductor device consisting of a large-area p-n junction diode, which, in the presence of sunlight is capable of generating usable electrical energy. ... Solar heating is a style of building construction which uses the energy of sunshine to heat a structure. ... a solar oven A solar oven or solar cooker is a way of harnessing the suns power to cook food. ... A solar power satellite, or SPS, is a proposed satellite built in high Earth orbit that uses microwave power transmission to beam solar power to a very large antenna on Earth where it can be used in place of conventional power sources. ... The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrons from a surface (usually metallic) upon exposure to, and absorption of, electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light and ultraviolet radiation). ... A solar cell, a form of photovoltaic cell, is a device that uses the photoelectric effect to generate electricity from light, thus generating solar power (energy). ... Wind is the quasi-horizontal movement of air (as opposed to an air current) caused by a horizontal pressure gradient force. ... Wind power is the kinetic energy of wind, or the extraction of this energy by wind turbines. ... Pitstone Windmill, believed to be the oldest windmill in the British Isles A windmill is an engine powered by the energy of wind to mill grain, often contained in a large building as in traditional post mills, smock mills and tower mills. ... The List of windmills is a link page for any windmill or windpump. ... A windpump is similar to a windmill. ... A tall tower holds a wind turbine aloft where winds are consistently stronger. ... A tall tower holds a wind turbine aloft where winds are consistently stronger. ... Water (from the Old English word wæter; c. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... Hydroelectricity, or hydroelectric power, is a form of hydropower, (i. ... View of OTEC facility at Keahole Pointe on the Kona coast of Hawaii. ... Watermill of Braine-le-Château, Belgium (XII th century. ... A watermill is a machine constructed by connecting a water wheel to a pair of millstones. ... Kaplan turbine and electrical generator cut-away view. ... An overshot water wheel standing 42 feet high powers the Old Mill at Berry College in Rome, Georgia A water wheel (also waterwheel, Norse mill, Persian wheel or noria) is a hydropower system; a system for extracting power from a flow of water. ... Hydraulic turbine and electrical generator. ... Well drilling is the process of drilling a hole in the ground either for exploration of the nature of the material underground or for the extraction of a natural resource such as water, natural gas, or petroleum. ... A nuclear power plant at Grafenrheinfeld, Germany. ... This is a list of environmental organizations, organizations that preserve or monitor the environment in different ways. ... Environmental movement is a term often used for any social or political movement directed towards the preservation, restoration, or enhancement of the natural environment. ... Environmentalism is the support or involvement with the environmental movement by environmentalists. ... Some environmentalists take the position that traditional methods of social change like political lobbying, public awareness campaigns, and the like are insufficient for achieving necessary changes in the relationship between humans and the environment. ... There are numerous international environmental agreements made to protect the environment in different ways. ... Environmental law is a body of law which addresses the system of complex and interlocking rules which seeks to protect from destruction or development the natural environment which may be endangered by human encroachment. ... International environmental law is the body of international law that concerns the protection of the global environment. ... The field of environmental finance, part of both environmental economics and the conservation movement, exploits various financial instruments (most notably land trusts) to protect biodiversity. ... Environmental economics is a subfield of economics concerned with environmental issues (other usages of the term are not uncommon). ... The Skeptical Environmentalist: Measuring the Real State of the World (TSE) (Danish: Verdens Sande Tilstand) is a controversial book by political scientist Bjørn Lomborg, which argues that claims made about global warming, overpopulation, declining energy resources, deforestation, species loss, water shortages, and a variety of other global environmental issues... Fauna is a collective term for animal life. ... Orders Many - see section below. ... Orders Subclass Embrithopoda (extinct) Subclass Creodonta (extinct) Hyaenodontidae Oxyaenidae Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Placentalia Afrosoricida Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Macroscelidea Perissodactyla Pholidota Primates Proboscidea Rodentia Scandentia Sirenia Tubulidentata Xenarthra Subclass Marsupialia Dasyuromorphia Didelphimorphia Diprotodontia Microbiotheria Notoryctemorphia... Common Vegetables Artichoke Arugula (US) == Rocket (UK and Australia) Asparagus Avocado Beans and Peas Azuki beans, adzuki beans Bean sprouts Black-eyed peas = Black-eyed beans (UK and Australia) Broad beans Chickpeas = Garbanzo beans Varieties of the Common bean Pinto beans Navy beans Kidney beans Black turtle beans Borlotti beans... A dense growth of softwoods (a forest) in the Sierra Nevada Range of Northern California A forest (A.K.A. woods) is an area with a high density of trees (or, historically, a wooded area set aside for hunting). ... The List of forests is a link page for any forest or woodland anywhere in the world. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-forest. ... Biodiversity on a 15-year-old reforested block Reforestation is the process of restoring tree cover to areas where woodland or forest once existed but was removed by logging for wood products; if this area never returns to its original state of a forest this destructive process is called deforestation. ... The cloud forest of Monteverde , Costa Rica A cloud forest is a generally tropical or subtropical evergreen montane forest characterized by a high incidence of low-level cloud cover, usually at the canopy level. ... Rainforest on Fatu-Hiva, Marquesas Islands A rainforest is a forested biome with high annual rainfall due to the Intertropical convergence zone. ... Fire in San Bernardino, California Mountains (image taken from the International Space Station) A wildfire, also known as a forest fire, vegetation fire, grass fire, or bushfire (in Australasia), is an uncontrolled fire in wildland often caused by lightning; other common causes are human carelessness and arson. ... The canopy of a tree A canopy is an overhead roof or structure that provides shade or other shelter. ... A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is an organic material found as the primary content of the stems of woody plants, especially trees, but also shrubs. ... Gaia theory is a class of scientific models of the geo-biosphere in which life as a whole fosters and maintains suitable conditions for itself by helping to create an environment on Earth suitable for its continuity. ... Gaia philosophy (named after Gaia, the Greek goddess of the Earth) is a broadly inclusive term for related concepts that living organisms on a planet will affect the nature of their environment – to make it more suitable for life. ... A Gaian is a radical Green who views the ecology of the Earths biosphere not only as the basis of human moral examples, but of all cognition and even sentience. ... Part of a garden in Bristol, England A flower bed in the gardens of Bristol Zoo, England Checkered flower bed in Tours, France A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. ... The List of gardens is a link page for any park or garden open to the public, anywhere in the world. ... A botanical garden is a place where plants, especially ferns, conifers and flowering plants, are grown and displayed for the purposes of research and education. ... Organic gardening is gardening that uses substantial diversity in pest control to reduce the use of the weapon of pesticides and tries to provide as much fertility with local sorces of nutrients rather than purchased fertilizers. ... A typical lawn A lawn sprinkler A lawn is an area of land planted with grass and sometimes clover and other plants, which are maintained at an even low height. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, formerly also known as Gramineae. ... Forest gardening (also known as 3-Dimensional Gardening) is a food production and land management system based on replicating woodland edge ecosystems, substituting trees (such as fruit or nut trees), bushes, shrubs, herbs and vegetables which have yields directly useful to humankind. ... Pollination Management is the label for horticultural practices that accomplish or enhance pollination of a crop, to improve yield or quality, by understanding of the particular crops pollination needs, and by knowledgeable management of pollenizers, pollinators, and pollination conditions. ... This stylistic schematic diagram shows a gene in relation to the double helix structure of DNA and to a chromosome (right). ... Genetics (from the Greek genno γεννώ= give birth) is the science of genes, heredity, and the variation of organisms. ... Genetics (from the Greek genno γεννώ= give birth) is the science of genes, heredity, and the variation of organisms. ... RNA codons. ... It has been suggested that Genetic engineering be merged into this article or section. ... Gene therapy using an Adenovirus vector. ... In biology the genome of an organism is the whole hereditary information of an organism that is encoded in the DNA (or, for some viruses, RNA). ... Genomics is the study of an organisms genome and the use of the genes. ... The genotype is the specific genetic makeup (the specific genome) of an individual, usually in the form of DNA. It codes for the phenotype of that individual. ... It has been suggested that Geodetic datum be merged into this article or section. ... Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... Surface of the Earth Geomorphology is the study of landforms, including their origin and evolution, and the processes that shape them. ... Geophysics, the study of the earth by quantitative physical methods, especially by seismic reflection and refraction, gravity, magnetic, electrical, electromagnetic, and radioactivity methods. ... A geostationary orbit (abbreviated GEO) is a circular orbit directly above the Earths equator (0º latitude). ... Geostatistics applies the theories of stochastic processes and statistical inference to geographic phenomena. ... Geotechnical engineering is concerned with the engineering properties of earth materials. ... Thermally active area, New Zealand. ... Globalization (or globalisation) is a modern term used to describe the changes in societies and the world economy that result from dramatically increased international trade and cultural exchange. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Anti-WEF grafiti in Lausanne. ... Anti-globalization (anti-globalisation) is a political stance of opposition to the perceived negative aspects of globalization. ... The term climate change is used to refer to changes in the Earths climate. ... Global mean surface temperatures 1856 to 2004 Mean temperature anomalies during the period 1995 to 2004 with respect to the average temperatures from 1940 to 1980 Global warming describes an increase in the average temperature of the Earths atmosphere and oceans. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Scientific opinion on climate change. ... Look up Green on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Green is a color seen commonly in nature. ... This article needs cleanup. ... This article is about the green parties around the world. ... This article is about the green parties around the world. ... The worldwide green parties are committed to the following Four Pillars: Ecology (sometimes Ecological Wisdom or Ecological Sustainability) Social Justice (sometimes Social Equality and Economic Justice) Grassroots Democracy Non-Violence In German, it is known as Die Grünen: ökologisch, sozial, basisdemokratisch, gewaltfrei. ... ... Green money refers to money used for ecological purposes. ... Green economics loosely defines a theory of economics by which an economy is considered to be component of the ecosystem in which it resides. ... Green economics loosely defines a theory of economics by which an economy is considered to be component of the ecosystem in which it resides. ... Green anarchists compose a diverse and open movement of people who take influences from a variety of different places. ... The Green Revolution is the process of technological development of agricultural techniques that began in the northern mexican state of Sonora in 1944 and has since spread throughout the world. ... Increasing atmospheric CO2 levels as measured at Mauna Loa. ... Heritage can refer to: Heritage tourism Inheritance Kinship and descent Cultural traditions UNESCO World Heritage Site A novel in the BBC Books series. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Binomial name Homo sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies Homo sapiens idaltu (extinct) Homo sapiens sapiens For other uses, see Human (disambiguation). ... Cultural diversity is the variety of human cultures in a specific region, or in the world as a whole. ... Human capital is a way of defining and categorizing peoples skills and abilities as used in employment and otherwise contribute to the economy. ... Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of an existing human or growing cloned tissue from that individual. ... Water covers 70% of the Earths surface. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... Hydroelectricity, or hydroelectric power, is a form of hydropower, (i. ... Hydraulic turbine and electrical generator. ... Industrial archaeology concerns itself with the physical remains of the Industrial Revolution. ... Land is sometimes used synonymously with country. ... Landscape can mean: The layout of a land area, particularly with respect to its appearance. ... A landslide is a geological phenomenon which includes a wide range of ground movement, such as rock falls, deep failure of slopes, and shallow debris flows, see flow. ... A homeland is the concept of the territory to which one belongs; usually, the country in which a particular nationality was born. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, formerly also known as Gramineae. ... An Inner Mongolia Grassland. ... Virgin boreal acid bogs at Browns Lake Bog, Ohio A bog is a wetland type that accumulates peat, a deposit of dead plant material. ... Prairie refers to an area of land in North America of low topographic relief that principally supports grasses and herbs, with few trees, and is generally of a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. ... In physical geography, tundra is an area where tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. ... Mariculture is the cultivation of marine organisms for food, either in their natural environment or in seawater in ponds or raceways. ... Marine biology is the study of animal and plant life within waterbound ecosystems. ... Material is the substance or matter from which something is or can be made, or also items needed for doing or creating something. ... Look up ash in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Asphalt is a type of bitumen, a highly viscous liquid that occurs naturally in most crude petroleums. ... Grays illustration of a human femur, a typically recognized bone. ... Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc. ... This page is about bricks used for construction. ... Cardboard (called corrugated paper in the industry) is a heavy wood-based type of paper, notable for its stiffness and durability. ... Clay is a generic term for an aggregate of hydrous silicate particles less than 4 μm (micrometres) in diameter. ... A variety of fabric. ... Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by deep mining, coal mining (open-pit mining or strip mining). ... Placing a concrete floor for a commercial building Installing rebar in a floor during a concrete pour In construction, concrete is a composite building material made from the combination of aggregate and cement binder. ... A cork stopper for a wine bottle A Champagne cork Cork material is a subset of generic cork tissue, harvested for commercial use primarily from the Cork oak tree, Quercus suber, with Portugal producing most cork worldwide. ... Binomial name Linum usitatissimum Linnaeus. ... Gritstone is a sedimentary rock composed of coarse sand grains and is a coarser version of sandstone. ... U.S. Marihuana production permit, from the film Hemp for Victory. ... Modern leather-working tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides, pelts and skins of animals, primarily cows. ... Hot metal work from a blacksmith In chemistry, a metal (Greek: Metallon) is an element that readily forms ions (cations) and has metallic bonds, and metals are sometimes described as a lattice of positive ions (cations) in a cloud of electrons. ... Mortar holding bricks. ... Oil is a generic term for organic liquids that are not miscible with water. ... Piece of paper Paper is a thin, flat material produced by the compression of fibres. ... German parchmenter, 1568 Parchment is a material for the pages of a book or codex, made from fine calf skin, sheep skin or goat skin. ... Plastic is a term that covers a range of synthetic or semisynthetic polymerization products. ... Red Sandstone in Wyoming Sandstone is an arenaceous sedimentary rock composed mainly of feldspar and quartz and varies in colour (in a similar way to sand), through grey, yellow, red, and white. ... Alternate meanings in Slate (disambiguation) Slate Slate is a fine-grained homogeneous sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash which has been metamorphosed (foliated) in layers (bedded deposits). ... Straw is the dry stalk of a cereal plant, after the nutrient grain or seed has been removed. ... Timber Timber is a term used to describe wood throughout its processing from the time it is planned for use in industrial products to the time it is used as a structural material or in other industrial product, such as wood pulp for paper production. ... Vellum was originally a translucent or opaque material produced from calfskin that had been soaked, limed and unhaired, and then dried at normal temperature under tension, usually on a wooden device called a stretching frame. ... Microbiology (in Greek micron = small and biologia = studying life) is the study of microorganisms, including viruses, prokaryotes and simple eukaryotes. ... Tree ferns thrive in a protected dell at Heligan Gardens, in Cornwall, England, latitude 50o 15N A microclimate is a local zone wherein the climate differs from the surrounding area. ... The deepest visible-light image of the universe, the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. ... Natural capitalism is a set of trends and economic reforms to reward energy and material efficiency - and remove professional standards and accounting conventions that prevent such efficiencies. ... Natural gas (commonly refered to as gas in many countries, but note that this is also American and Canadian slang for gasoline) is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane. ... -1... The natural order is the moral source from which natural law seeks to derive its authority. ... Natural selection is a process by which biological populations are altered over time, as a result of the propagation of heritable traits that affect the capacity of individual organisms to survive and reproduce. ... Organic has several meanings and related topics. ... In biology and ecology, an organism (in Greek organon = instrument) is an assembly of organs that influence each other in such a way that they function as a more or less stable whole and have properties of life. ... Organic farming is a way of agriculture that relies on ecosystem management rather than external agricultural inputs. ... Organic gardening is gardening that uses substantial diversity in pest control to reduce the use of the weapon of pesticides and tries to provide as much fertility with local sorces of nutrients rather than purchased fertilizers. ... Permaculture Mandala illustration by Graham Burnett, summarising the ethics and principles of permaculture design. ... Forest gardening (also known as 3-Dimensional Gardening) is a food production and land management system based on replicating woodland edge ecosystems, substituting trees (such as fruit or nut trees), bushes, shrubs, herbs and vegetables which have yields directly useful to humankind. ... Masanobu Fukuoka (福岡 正信 Fukuoka Masanobu), born February 2, 1914, author of The One-Straw Revolution The Road Back to Nature, and The Natural Way Of Farming, is one of the pioneers of no-till grain cultivation. ... Marc Bonfils was a French ecologist and grain farmer. ... Wes Jackson is the founder and current president of the Land Institute. ... Bill Mollison (born 1928) has been called the father of permaculture, an integrated system of design co-developed with David Holmgren that encompasses not only agriculture, horticulture, architecture and ecology but also money management, land access strategies and legal systems for businesses and communities. ... Regional planning is a branch of planning that deals with the design and efficient placement of activities and infrastructure across a significantly large area of land. ... Urban, city, or town planning, deals with design of the built environment from the municipal and metropolitan perspective. ... In general, zoning is the division of an area into sub-areas, called zones. ... For other uses of the word Greenbelt, see Greenbelt (disambiguation). ... Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... Aquatic plants — also called hydrophytic plants or hydrophytes — are plants that have adapted to living in or on aquatic environments. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, formerly also known as Gramineae. ... Marram grass - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... a cow In vascular plants, the root is that organ of a plant body that typically lies below the surface of the soil (compare with stem). ... Dandelions, shown here in proliferation, are commonly thought of as weeds. ... Pollution is the release of harmful environmental contaminants, or the substances so released. ... Noise pollution is unwanted man-made sound that penetrates the environment. ... Acid rain is defined as rain with a pH of below 5. ... An airplane spreading pesticide. ... Carbon dioxide is an atmospheric gas composed of one carbon and two oxygen atoms. ... http://visibleearth. ... Increasing atmospheric CO2 levels as measured at Mauna Loa. ... Image of the largest antarctic ozone hole ever recorded in September 2000. ... The preservation of plant germplasm in seedbanks, (or genebanks), is one of the techniques of ex-situ conservation of plant species. ... Rain falling For other uses see Rain (disambiguation). ... Rainforest on Fatu-Hiva, Marquesas Islands A rainforest is a forested biome with high annual rainfall due to the Intertropical convergence zone. ... Composite satellite image showing the progress of a hurricane weather system approaching the east coast of America Weather comprises all the various phenomena that occur in the atmosphere of a planet. ... The Murray River in Australia. ... The List of waterways is a link page for any river, canal, estuary or firth. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing numerous ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits and services. ... Firth is the Lowland Scots word used to denote various coastal waters in Scotland. ... Waterway restoration is the activity of restoring a canal or river, including special features such as warehouse buildings, locks, boat lifts, and boats. ... Sunset at sea Look up Sea on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Look up maritime in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... Seaweed covered rocks in the UK Phycologists consider seaweed to refer any of a large number of marine benthic algae that are multicellular, macrothallic (large-bodied), and thus differentiated from most algae that tend towards microscopic size (Smith, 1944). ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... Measurement of recent sea level rise from 23 long tide gauge records in geologically stable environments Changes in sea level since the end of the last glacial episode Sea level rise is an increase in sea level. ... Global mean surface temperatures 1856 to 2004 Mean temperature anomalies during the period 1995 to 2004 with respect to the average temperatures from 1940 to 1980 Global warming describes an increase in the average temperature of the Earths atmosphere and oceans. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Scientific opinion on climate change. ... Mariculture is the cultivation of marine organisms for food, either in their natural environment or in seawater in ponds or raceways. ... For the heavy metal band see Soil (band) Soil is unconsolidated rock particle that lies on the surface of the earth, intermingled, perhaps, with organic matter from plant decay. ... Look up Erosion on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. Erosion is the displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock, and so forth) by the agents of wind, water, ice, movement in response to gravity, or living organisms (in the case... Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. Erosion is the displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock, and so forth) by the agents of wind, water, ice, or movement in response to gravity. ... Soil life is a collective term for all the organisms living within the soil. ... It has been suggested that soil salinity be merged into this article or section. ... Soil science deals with soil as a natural resource on the surface of the earth including soil formation, classification and mapping; physical, chemical, biological, and fertility properties of soils per se; and these properties in relation to the use and management of soils. ... There is growing realisation in the farming world that soil has a natural structure which can be damaged by tillage. ... Retrogression and degradation are two regressive evolution processes associated with the loss of equilibrium of a stable soil. ... Ship stranded by the retreat of the Aral Sea Desertification is the degradation of land in arid, semi arid and dry sub-humid areas into desert, resulting from various factors including climatic variations and human activities. ... In biology, the most commonly used definition of species was first coined by Ernst Mayr. ... This Chihuahua mix and Great Dane show the wide range of dog breed sizes created using artificial selection. ... Ecological selection (or environmental selection or survival selection or individual selection or asexual selection) refers to natural selection minus sexual selection, i. ... Kin selection was first suggested by Darwin as an explanation of the sterile castes of social insects and has later been mathematically defined by W. D. Hamilton as a mechanism for the evolution of apparently altruistic acts. ... Natural selection is a process by which biological populations are altered over time, as a result of the propagation of heritable traits that affect the capacity of individual organisms to survive and reproduce. ... In ecology, the trophic level is the position that an organism occupies in a food chain - what it eats, and what eats it. ... The Sun is the star at the centre of our Solar system. ... Sunlight is also the trade name of the worlds first packaged, branded laundry soap producted by Lever Brothers. ... Solar power describes a number of methods of harnessing energy from the light of the sun. ... A solar wind is a stream of charged particles (i. ... The current solar income of the Earth, or an ecozone or ecoregion or any area, is the amount of solar energy that falls on it as sunlight. ... Sustainability is a systemic concept, relating to the continuity of economic, social, and environmental aspects of human society. ... Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs according to the Brundtland Report, a 1987 report from the United Nations. ... Terra may mean: Terra (goddess), a primeval Roman goddess, also known as Tellus Terra (satellite), a research satellite launched by NASA in 1999 Terra (comics), a DC Comics character who infiltrated and betrayed the Teen Titans Terra (company), Terra Networks, S.A., an Internet company headquartered in Spain Terra (world... Terran means of Terra, i. ... Terra Australis is the large continent on the bottom of the map Terra Australis (more completely Terra Australis Incognita, (the) unknown southern land) was an imaginary continent, appearing on European maps from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century. ... Artists conception of a terraformed Mars in three stages of development. ... Ecoregions are defined by World Wildlife Fund as relatively large units of land or water containing a distinct assemblage of natural communities and species, with boundaries that approximate the original extent of natural communities prior to major land-use change. Terrestrial ecoregions are land ecoregions, as distinct from freshwater ecoregions... A fruit stand at a market. ... Safe trade is a concept advocated by Greenpeace, some indigenous peoples (particularly those who feel threatened by the imposition of a monoculture) and by some elements of the anti-globalization movement. ... This article is about concept of equity in Anglo-American jurisprudence. ... Smart growth development policies aim to prevent urban sprawl and pollution, and reduce the profligate use of non-renewable fuels, particularly an excessive dependency on private cars in industrialised countries. ... Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of an area; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is by far the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. ... Common Vegetables Artichoke Arugula (US) == Rocket (UK and Australia) Asparagus Avocado Beans and Peas Azuki beans, adzuki beans Bean sprouts Black-eyed peas = Black-eyed beans (UK and Australia) Broad beans Chickpeas = Garbanzo beans Varieties of the Common bean Pinto beans Navy beans Kidney beans Black turtle beans Borlotti beans... Binomial name Allium ampeloprasum (Linnaeus) J. Gay The Leek (Allium ampeloprasum var. ... Water (from the Old English word wæter; c. ... Falcated Duck at Slimbridge Wildfowl and Wetlands centre, Gloucestershire, England Wildfowl or waterfowl, also waterbirds, is the collective term for the approximately 147 species of swans, geese and ducks, classified in the order Anseriformes, family Anatidae. ... The List of waterways is a link page for any river, canal, estuary or firth. ... Waterways in the United Kingdom is a link page for any river, canal, firth or estuary in the United Kingdom. ... Waterway restoration is the activity of restoring a canal or river, including special features such as warehouse buildings, locks, boat lifts, and boats. ... Watermill of Braine-le-Château, Belgium (XII th century. ... A watermill is a machine constructed by connecting a water wheel to a pair of millstones. ... An overshot water wheel standing 42 feet high powers the Old Mill at Berry College in Rome, Georgia A water wheel (also waterwheel, Norse mill, Persian wheel or noria) is a hydropower system; a system for extracting power from a flow of water. ... Brackish water is water that is saltier than fresh water, but not as salty as sea water. ... In chemistry, salt is a term used for ionic compounds composed of positively charged cations and negatively charged anions, so that the product is neutral and without a net charge. ... Ocean (from Okeanos, a Greek god of sea and water; Greek ωκεανός) covers almost three quarters (71%) of the surface of the Earth, and nearly half of the worlds marine waters are over 3000 m deep. ... Oceanic may mean: of or relating to the ocean of or relating to Oceania any of several ships named Oceanic: RMS Oceanic of 1870 RMS Oceanic of 1899 Oceanic, an unfinished project of the 1930s SS Oceanic of 1963 Oceanic Airlines, a fictional airline brand often used in disaster movies... The tide is the regular rising and falling of the oceans surface caused by changes in gravitational forces external to the Earth. ... A lake is a body of water surrounded by land. ... View across Loch Lomond, towards Ben Lomond. ... Nothing!HAHAHAHAHA! ... Scrivener Dam, Canberra Australia, was engineered to withstand a once-in-5000-years flood event A dam is a barrier across flowing water that obstructs, directs or retards the flow, often creating a reservoir, lake or impoundment. ... The Murray River in Australia. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing numerous ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits and services. ... Firth is the Lowland Scots word used to denote various coastal waters in Scotland. ... The Canal du Midi in Toulouse, France Canals are man-made waterways, usually connecting existing lakes, rivers, or oceans. ... There are several traditions of navigation. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... A wharf (plural wharfs, or (especially in American English) wharves, collectively wharfing or wharfage) is a fixed platform, commonly on pilings, roughly parallel to and alongside navigable water, where ships are loaded and unloaded. ... Dock can refer to several things: Places for the transfer of people and materials to, from, or between different forms of transport or working with transport: A maritime dock. ... Brine is water saturated or nearly saturated with salt. ... Satellite image of Noordoostpolder, Netherlands A polder is a low-lying tract of land that forms an artificial hydrological entity, enclosed by embankments known as dikes. ... Shale Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds. ... The algae (singular is alga) comprise several different groups of living things that produce energy through photosynthesis. ... A seaweed (Laurencia) up close: the branches are multicellular and only about 1 mm thick. ... A red tide resulting from a dinoflagellate bloom discoloring the water on the right An algal bloom is a relatively rapid increase in the population of (usually) phytoplankton algae in an aquatic system. ... Look up Flood on Wiktionary, the free dictionary A flood (in Old English flod, a word common to Teutonic languages; compare German Flut, Dutch vloed from the same root as is seen in flow, float) is an overflow of water, an expanse of water submerging land, a deluge. ... Irrigation in the Heart of the Sahara Irrigation (in agriculture) is the replacement or supplementation of rainfall with water from another source in order to grow crops. ... Condensation can refer to: The change in phase of a substance to a denser phase, such as gas to a liquid. ... Green Dragon Spring at Norris Geyser A hot spring is a place where warm or hot groundwater issues from the ground on a regular basis for at least a predictable part of the year, and is significantly above the ambient ground temperature (which is usually around 55~57 F or... Clepsydra Geyser in Yellowstone A geyser is a type of hot spring that erupts periodically, ejecting a column of hot water and steam into the air (Bryan 1995). ... Water covers 70% of the Earths surface. ... Aqua is a Danish pop-dance band which consisted of Lene Grawford Nystr m (born 2 October 1973, T nsberg, Norway), Ren Dif (born 17 October 1967, Copenhagen, Denmark), Claus Norr en (born 5 June 1970, Charlottenlund, Denmark) and S ren Rasted (born 13 June 1969, Blovstr d, Denmark). ... Way is another word for: Road Tao, an Asian philosophical and religious principle This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This is a list of some long-distance footpaths used for walking and hiking. ... The following long-distance footpaths can be found in the United Kingdom: UK National Trails Cleveland Way round the edge of the North York Moors National Park in England Cotswold Way in England Glyndwrs Way in Wales Great Glen Way in Scotland Hadrians Wall Path in England North... This article or section should include material from Cycle path debate Segregated cycle facilities may consist of a separate road, track, path or lane that is designated for use by cyclists and from which motorised traffic is generally excluded. ... Composite satellite image showing the progress of a hurricane weather system approaching the East Coast of the United States Weather comprises all the various phenomena that occur in the atmosphere of a planet. ... Weatherman redirects here. ... A guide to the symbols for weather fronts that may be found on a weather map. ... Wind is the quasi-horizontal movement of air (as opposed to an air current) caused by a horizontal pressure gradient force. ... ICE can refer to: InterCity Express, a German high-speed train Internal combustion engine, a fuel engine In-car entertainment In-circuit emulator, a computer hardware device In case of emergency, emergency number in mobile phones Institution of Civil Engineers, British civil engineer guild Immigrations and Customs Enforcement, U.S... A fresh snowfall in Colorados (USA) high forests. ... Early morning fog obscures the surface of this lake in Carrollton, Georgia, but the sky remains clear. ... Whereas hail forms within clouds, sleet begins as snow falling to earth after having left its originating cloud. ... team chaos was ere we owned this website so fuk u. ... Extreme weather is weather phenomena indicative of an unstable climate; that is, weather that is at the extremes of historical patterns, especially severe or unseasonal weather. ... NOAA scientists observe severe weather using a mobile doppler radar and a helicopter (in the distance) Severe weather phenomena are weather conditions that are hazardous. ... A subtropical cyclone is a weather system that has some characteristics of a tropical cyclone and some characteristics of an extratropical cyclone. ... Monsoon in the Vindhya, a mountain chain in central India A monsoon is a periodic wind, especially in the Indian Ocean and southern Asia. ... Cumulus can also refer to Cumulus Media (also known as Cumulus Broadcasting) A cumulus cloud is a cloud belonging to a class characterized by dense individual elements in the form of puffs, mounds or towers, with flat bases and tops that often resemble cauliflower. ... This article is about Cirrus clouds, for other meanings see Cirrus. ... Blizzards are characterized by high winds and blinding precipitation Sudden blizzards can cause terrible damage to infrastructure as well as danger to human life. ... A roll cloud associated with a heavy or severe thunderstorm over Enschede, The Netherlands. ... Satellite image of Hurricane Hugo Meteorology is the scientific study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and forecasting. ... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ... Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN) is a standard notation for describing a particular board position of a Chess game. ... In geography, a marsh is a type of wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water. ... Natural gas rig Natural gas is a gas produced by the anaerobic decay of organic material. ... A freshwater swamp This article is about the wetland type (a landform). ... Look up Bog on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Virgin boreal acid bogs at Browns Lake Bog, Ohio. ... Virgin boreal acid bogs at Browns Lake Bog, Ohio A bog is a wetland type that accumulates peat, a deposit of dead plant material. ... A lagoon is a body of comparatively shallow salt water separated from the deeper sea by a shallow or exposed sandbank, coral reef, or similar feature. ... Flood Plain along Lynches River Johnsonville, South Carolina Showing high water mark on tupelo and cypress trees In geography, a flood plain is a plain formed of sediment, typically dropped by a river. ... Oosterscheldekering, the largest of 13 Delta Works dams. ... The tide is the regular rising and falling of the oceans surface caused by changes in gravitational forces external to the Earth. ... Rain falling For other uses see Rain (disambiguation). ... Halotolerance is the adaptation of living organisms to conditions of high salinity. ... [[image:White-taLink titleiled deer. ... Falcated Duck at Slimbridge Wildfowl and Wetlands centre, Gloucestershire, England Wildfowl or waterfowl, also waterbirds, is the collective term for the approximately 147 species of swans, geese and ducks, classified in the order Anseriformes, family Anatidae. ... A wildlife corridor is the artificial joining of fragmented habitats. ... Wind is the quasi-horizontal movement of air (as opposed to an air current) caused by a horizontal pressure gradient force. ... A windstorm is a severe weather condition indicated by high winds. ... Pitstone Windmill, believed to be the oldest windmill in the British Isles A windmill is an engine powered by the energy of wind to mill grain, often contained in a large building as in traditional post mills, smock mills and tower mills. ... The List of windmills is a link page for any windmill or windpump. ... A windpump is similar to a windmill. ... A tall tower holds a wind turbine aloft where winds are consistently stronger. ... A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is an organic material found as the primary content of the stems of woody plants, especially trees, but also shrubs. ... Biologically, a woodland is differentiated from a forest. ... Woodland management is the practice of managing woodlands, whether for the maximising of timber production, or for the conservation of wildlife. ... A piece of waterlogged driftwood Driftwood is wood that has been washed onto a shore or beach by the action of the waves. ... The canopy of a tree A canopy is an overhead roof or structure that provides shade or other shelter. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth A tree can be defined as a large, perennial, woody plant. ... Loggers on break, c. ... Pollarding is a woodland management method of encouraging lateral branches by cutting off a tree stem two metres or so above ground level. ... Coppicing is a traditional method of woodland management, by which young tree stems are cut down to a foot or less from ground level. ... An edge effect is the effect of the juxtaposition of contrasting environment on an ecosystem. ... In this view of an alpine tree-line, the distant line looks particularly sharp. ... A dense growth of softwoods (a forest) in the Sierra Nevada Range of Northern California A forest (A.K.A. woods) is an area with a high density of trees (or, historically, a wooded area set aside for hunting). ... The List of forests is a link page for any forest or woodland anywhere in the world. ... Informally, an ology is a field of study or academic discipline ending in the suffix -ology. ... Importance and applicability Most of human history is not described by any written records. ... Phycology (or algology), a subdiscipline of botany, is the study of algae. ... Surface of the Earth Topography, a term in geography, has come to refer to the lay of the land, or the physiogeographic characteristics of land in terms of elevation, slope, and orientation. ... Mineralogy is an earth science that involves the chemistry, crystal structure, and physical (including optical) properties of minerals. ... Seismology (from the Greek seismos = earthquake and logos = word) is the scientific study of earthquakes and the movement of waves through the Earth. ... Ontogeny (also ontogenesis or morphogenesis) describes the origin and the development of an organism from the fertilized egg to its mature form. ... In biology, Phylogenetics (Greek: phylon = race and genetic = birth) is the taxonomical classification of organisms based on how closely they are related in terms of evolutionary differences. ... Satellite image of Hurricane Hugo Meteorology is the scientific study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and forecasting. ... Water covers 70% of the Earths surface. ...

International

Areas and designations

A Biosphere Reserve is an international conservation designation for reserves designated by UNESCO under the MaB (Man and the Biosphere) Programme. ... The World Network of Biosphere Reserves was established at the International Conference on Biosphere Reserves in Seville in 1995. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...

Conventions, protocols, panels and summits

Agenda 21 is a programme of the United Nations related to sustainable development. ... The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety is an international agreement on biosafety, as a supplement to the Convention on Biological Diversity. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 500. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Convention on Biological Diversity is an international treaty that was adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. ... opened for signature - 29 April 1958 entered into force - 20 March 1966 objective - to solve through international cooperation the problems involved in the conservation of living resources of the high seas, considering that because of the development of modern technology some of these resources are in danger of being overexploited... The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international agreement between Governments, drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of the World Conservation Union (IUCN). ... The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international agreement between Governments, drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of the World Conservation Union (IUCN). ... United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Opened for signature ??? at ??? Entered into force November 16, 1994[1] Conditions for entry into force 60 ratifications Parties 148[2] The term United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea (UNCLOS, also called simply the Law of the Sea or... The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, i. ... The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, i. ... The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, i. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with World Summit on Sustainable Development. ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... 2002(MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... IPCC is science authority for the UNFCCC The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established in 1988 by two United Nations organizations, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to assess the risk of human-induced climate change. The Panel is open to all... The International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling is an international agreement (see environmental agreement) signed in 1946 designed to make whaling sustainable. ... The International Seabed Authority is an intergovernmental body established to organize and control all mineral-related activities in the international seabed area beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, an area underlying most of the world’s oceans. ... The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, popularly known as the International Seed Treaty, is a comprehensive international agreement in harmony with Convention on Biological Diversity, which aims at guaranteeing food security through the conservation, exchange and sustainable use of the worlds plant genetic resources... note - abbreviated as Tropical Timber 83 opened for signature - November 18, 1983 entered into force - April 1, 1985; this agreement expired when the International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994, went into force. ... Kyoto Protocol Opened for signature December 11, 1997 at Kyoto, Japan Entered into force February 16, 2005. ... The World Wilderness Congress is the longest-running, public international environmental forum. ...

United Nations bodies

UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ... Klaus Töpfer, UNEP Exec. ... Klaus Töpfer, UNEP Exec. ... UNFCCC logo. ...

Non-governmental organisations (NGO)

Friends of the Earth is an international network of environmental organizations in 70 countries. ... Greenpeace protest in Brasília, Brazil. ... The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) was founded in 1965 as a result of the Venice Charter of 1964 and offers advice to UNESCO on World Heritage Sites. ... The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) was founded in 1965 as a result of the Venice Charter of 1964 and offers advice to UNESCO on World Heritage Sites. ... Wetlands International is a leading global non-profit organisation dedicated solely to the crucial work of wetland conservation and sustainable management. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... The World Monuments Fund (WMF) is a private, non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation of historic art and architecture worldwide through fieldwork, advocacy, grantmaking, education, and training. ... The World Monuments Fund (WMF) is a private, non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation of historic art and architecture worldwide through fieldwork, advocacy, grantmaking, education, and training. ... World Resources Institute (WRI) is an environmental think tank based in Washington, D.C. It was established by James Gustave (Gus) Speth. ... WRI is an initialism for: Wolfram Research, Inc. ... Note: After losing a court case in 2002 on the use of the initials WWF, the organization previously known as the World Wrestling Federation has rebranded itself as World Wrestling Entertainment, or WWE. WWF - The Conservation Organization was formerly known as World Wildlife Fund and Worldwide Fund for Nature. ... Note: After losing a court case in 2002 on the use of the initials WWF, the organization previously known as the World Wrestling Federation has rebranded itself as World Wrestling Entertainment, or WWE. WWF - The Conservation Organization was formerly known as World Wildlife Fund and Worldwide Fund for Nature. ... Note: After losing a court case in 2002 on the use of the initials WWF, the organization previously known as the World Wrestling Federation has rebranded itself as World Wrestling Entertainment, or WWE. WWF - The Conservation Organization was formerly known as World Wildlife Fund and Worldwide Fund for Nature. ...

Groups of countries

European Environment Agency (EEA), agency of the European Union devoted to establishing a monitoring network for the monitoring of the European environment. ... The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is a system of European Union agricultural subsidies which represents about 44% of the EUs spending (€43bn). ... NATURA 2000 is a project by the European Union and each of its member states to protect the environment. ... A Special Area of Conservation (SAC) is defined in the European Commission Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC), also known as the Directive on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora. ... A Special Protection Area or SPA is a designation under the European Commission Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds (79/409/EEC). ...

Also see

There are numerous international environmental agreements made to protect the environment in different ways. ... Heritage tourism involves visiting historical or industrial sites that may include old canals, railways, battlegrounds, etc. ...

Countries A - Z


 
 

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