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Encyclopedia > List of collegiate secret societies

There are many collegiate secret societies in North America. They vary a great deal in how secret they actually are, how much they function as an independent organization, and how they are connected to the university. Strictly speaking, any society with society affairs, membership rolls, signs of recognition, initiation, that is kept secret from the public can be counted as a secret society. College fraternities, "social fraternities," singing groups, newspapers and other editorial boards, etc. sometimes meet this definition, but are not discussed here as such. The terms fraternity and sorority (from the Latin words and , meaning brother and sister respectively) may be used to describe many social and charitable organizations, for example the Lions Club, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, Rotary International, Optimist International, or the Shriners. ...


Collegiate secret societies often have names that derive from one element or two elements in their emblems, such as Wolf's Head Society or Skull & Bones Society, both of which are at Yale University. Secret societies typically have emblems that identify membership. Death-inspired imagery is often associated with many secret societies, and clubhouses are often called "tombs." Within some universities, "Final Clubs" are also regarded as secret societies. Wolfs Head Society (W.H.S.), incorporated in 1883 as The Third Society by the Phelps Trust Association, is the third oldest secret society at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. ... For the pirate flag, see Jolly Roger. ... Yale redirects here. ...


The original selection process is attributed to the Yale University, where membership selection started as a process called "tapping."[1] At a publicly announced evening, the Yale undergraduates would assemble informally in the College Yard. Current members of the Yale secret societies would walk through the crowd and literally tap prospective members on the shoulder and then walk with him up into the tapped man's room in the dormitories. There in private they would ask him to become a member. Note that during the course of this process, it was plainly obvious to the whole college who was being tapped for the coming year. As a result the process is no longer public and the societies take much effort to keep the process concealed. Yale redirects here. ...

Contents

Big Ten Universities

Collegiate secret societies within America's Midwest universities have a long tradition that was initially fueled from the establishment of high school secret societies in the region, first within Chicago's upper class who sent their children to the city's elite, private college-preparatory schools and eventually also into Chicagolands top-ranked public schools, such as New Trier High School and Hyde Park Academy, the latter within the vicinity of the University of Chicago. [2] A university-preparatory school or college-preparatory school (usually shortened to preparatory school, or prep school) is a private secondary school (or high school) designed to prepare a student for higher education. ... Chicagoland is an informal name for the Chicago metropolitan area, used primarily by copywriters, advertising agencies, native residents, and traffic reporters. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ...


Between 1898-1908, high school secret societies were a recognizable feature within Chicago's school system, and Otto C. Scneider, President of the Chicago School Board of 1908, took an active role in stopping their influence within secondary schools. Initial growth in the Midwest may have been fueld by societies that were formed on the East Coast. Boston Latin , the oldest public school in America, and Erasmus High School often had football matches with Chicagoland's top public schools, thereby spreading an influence from the East Coast to the Midwest. As for Chicago's prep schools, their introductions were made by the captains of industry and by some of the most influential citizens in Chicago society during the 1880's[3] Many of Chicago's upper class students had East Coast connections, introductions could have been made to K.O.A and A.U.V. (Auctoritas, Unitas, Veritas) secret societies of Phillips Academy, of which Skull and Bones inductee George H. Bush was a member of the latter.[4] The most elite high school secret society in America was Kappa Epsilon Pi, founded at Phillips Exeter Academy in 1891. Fashioned as the Preparatory Order of Skull and Bones, its badge featured a skull and laurel wreath with emeralds, rubies and seed pearls.[5] Well into the 20th century, Illinois high school secret societies were still an issue being grappled with by the school system. Between 1880-1915 more than 50 secret societies were formed. Hyde Park, alone, had 18 groups within their high school, and when the Cook County Championship between Hyde Park and Oak Park had an "anti-frat" rule instilled for their players, Hyde Park's team suffered greatly, taking out some of the top players who were also secret society members.[6] Battles with high school secret societies within the village of Oak Park were taken to the Appellate courts, The historical suburb of Oak Park, Illinois is also closely connected to the very affluent Chicago suburb of River Forest, Illinois. Oak Park High school, aka Oak Park and River Forest High School is a top-ranked leading public high school that attracts a preppy student body, this is even further heightened by a far more prestigious school connected to both Oak Park and River Forrest, Fenwick High School (Chicago, Illinois), arguably Chicago's most elite private prep school. It is no wonder, than, why the connections between prep school education and induction into elite collegiate secret societies continues to be referenced in the Official Preppy Handbook. Boston Latin School, is one of the high schools in the Boston, Massachusetts public school system. ... Phillips Academy (also known as Phillips Andover or P.A. or simply Andover) is a co-educational University preparatory school for boarding and day students in grades 9-12. ... For the pirate flag, see Jolly Roger. ... Order: 41st President Term of Office: January 20, 1989–January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts Date of death: Place of death: First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican Vice President: Dan Quayle George... , Phillips Exeter Academy (most commonly called Exeter, Phillips Exeter or PEA) is a co-educational independent boarding school for grades 9–12, located on 619 acres in Exeter, New Hampshire, U.S., fifty miles north of Boston [1]. In over two centuries of its existence, Phillips Exeter Academy has played... A laurel wreath decorating a memorial at the Folketing, the national parliament of Denmark. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Appeal. ... Downtown (Oak Park Avenue) Ernest Hemingway Museum Oak Park, Illinois Lake Theater and shops along Lake Street. ... River Forest is a suburban village located in Cook County, Illinois. ... Oak Park and River Forest High School, or OPRF, is a public four-year high school located in Oak Park, Illinois, a western suburb of Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. ... Fenwick High School is a college preparatory, Catholic high school located in the Chicago, Illinois, USA, suburb of Oak Park. ... Cover of The Official Preppy Handbook The Official Preppy Handbook is a tongue-in-cheek reference guide edited by Lisa Birnbach; it describes an aspect of North American culture she styles as prepdom. ...


The establishment of elite secret societies within the Big Ten universities, has much to do with the influence of Chicago high school secret societies, the industrial and technological growth within the latter part of the 19th cebntury, and the Morill Act, by which government funding was given to establish universities within the Midwest specifically for science and engineering. As science and technology became more important in the U.S., so too did the prestige of Big Ten universities, attracting top students from all over the U.S. and also incorporating a collegiate culture typically associated with East Coast schools, where collegiate secret societies first developed. Several Big Ten schools are "Public Ivies". The top 5-6 aerospace engineering programs in America come from Big Ten schools, the University of Michigan, Purdue University, and the University of Illinois, while top engineering schools are epitomized by the UIUC College of Engineering and the Purdue University College of Engineering. [7] Therefore, it is not surprising that the University of Michigan has a secret society just for students of engineering, Vulcan Senior Engineering Society. Big Ten can refer to: Big Ten Conference, a college athletics conference Big Ten (movie studios), the largest movie studios in Hollywood This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Morrill Land-Grant Acts are United States statutes that allowed for the creation of land-grant colleges. ... Wren Building (College of William and Mary) Alumni Hall (Miami U) Sather Gate (UC Berkeley) Central Campus Diag (U of Michigan) Old Well (UNC-Chapel Hill) UT Tower (U of Texas) Williams Hall (U of Vermont) The Rotunda (U of Virginia) Public Ivy is a colloquialism for a state-funded... Aerospace engineering is the branch of engineering that concerns the design, construction and science behind aircraft and spacecraft. ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, U-M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan. ... Purdue redirects here. ... The University of Illinois is the set of three public universities in Illinois. ... Engineering Hall The College of Engineering at the University of Illinois was first established in 1868, and is considered one of the original units of the school. ...


Over the years, many noted secret societies have been establised within Big Ten schools. Ohio State University has two major secret societies including: Sphinx Senior Society and The Sullivant Society. Penn State University has Lion's Paw Senior Society and a group also called Skull and Bones. The University of Iowa is noted for an all-female secert society called The Tennyo, based on a grouping of 15 member for each class. The University of Michigan is known for Epeians, Phoenix, Adara, and the school's oldest and most prestigious Michigamua, that has a society culture based on Native American symbolism. The University of Illinois also had elite secret societies based on Indian imagery, Ma-Wan-Da Senior Society, that was forced to convert into an honor society as was Parmi Nous Honor Society at Penn State. The Ohio State University (OSU) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Ohio. ... The Pennsylvania State University The Pennsylvania State University (commonly known as Penn State) is a state-related land-grant university in Pennsylvania, with over 80,000 students at 24 campuses throughout the state. ... The University of Iowa, also commonly called Iowa or locally UI, is a major coeducational research university located on a 1,900-acre (8 km²) campus in Iowa City, Iowa, US, on the banks of the Iowa River in East Central Iowa. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ...


Today, within the Big Ten, many of the most elite secret societies were forced to become honor societies or go completely sub rosa. This is the result of many of the campus' Greek systems having too much influence over regulations on campus societies. Purdue has an enormous Greek System and the University of Illinois' has the largest in the nation, with such campus opposition to secret societies, the sub rosa nature of Big Ten secret socities have only fueld greater fascination in them and created an aura of mystique. Look up sub rosa in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... While the terms fraternity and sorority may be used to describe any number of social and charitable organizations, including the Lions Club, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, International, and the Shriners, in the United States and Canada fraternities and sororities are most commonly known as social organizations of higher education students - organizations...


Cornell University

Cornell University hosts a rich history of secret societies on campus. Andrew Dickson White, the first President of Cornell University and himself a Skull and Bones man, is said to have encouraged the formation of a secret society system on campus.[8] At the height of prominence on campus, there were over two-dozen different secret societies. However, the liberalization of the 1960s spelled the end of a majority of the societies as students rebelled against the establishment. A majority of the societies disappeared or became inactive in a very short time period. Today only two organizations operate on campus, Sphinx Head (1890) and Quill and Dagger (1893). Each society seeks to honor the top 1% of the rising senior class for significant community service, leadership and service to Cornell University. Membership is mutually exclusive between the two organizations. Cornell redirects here. ... Andrew Dickson White in 1885 Andrew Dickson White (November 7, 1832 – November 4, 1918) was a U.S. diplomat, author, and educator, best known as the co-founder of Cornell University. ... Cornell redirects here. ... For the pirate flag, see Jolly Roger. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


University of Delaware

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Dartmouth College

Dartmouth College's Office of Residential Life states that the earliest senior societies on campus date to 1783 and "continue to be a vibrant tradition within the campus community." Abaris Society and Cobra Society are two such examples.[9] Six of the eight senior societies keep their membership secret, while the other societies maintain secretive elements. According to the college, "approximately 25% of the senior class members are affiliated with a senior society."[9] The college's administration of the society system at Dartmouth focuses on managing membership and tapping lists, and differs from that of Yale's, though there are historical parallels between the two colleges' societies.[10][11] This page contains detailed information on a number of student groups at Dartmouth College. ... Dartmouth College is a private, coeducational university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, USA. Incorporated as Trustees of Dartmouth College,[6][7] it is a member of the Ivy League and one of the nine colonial colleges founded before the American Revolution. ...


Emory University

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Harvard University

Fly Club Clubhouse
Fly Club Clubhouse
Main article: Final club

Harvard University contains its own variant of historic and secretive undergraduate fraternal (there are also sororal) organizations. The Final Clubs are not referred to in Cambridge as "secret societies" only because in the Harvard context, that appellation is unnecessary to convey characteristics identical to collegiate "secret societies" elsewhere. Principal amongst these are secretiveness about their respective selection/election procedures, which has always prompted debate about elitism, total opacity with regard to their initiation and meeting rituals, avoidance of public posting of full membership lists, and maintenance of their buildings by alumni trust organizations. The notable variation is in their size, approximately sixty students per club (Yale societies have 15-16 seniors only). Furthermore, several do permit non-members inside their buildings in the company of members at specified times of the week (or only let in guests of the opposite sex but not of the same sex of the members). However the Porcellian and the Delphic never allow any non-member undergraduates inside their buildings, and non-member Harvard faculty only in very rare instances. "Punch Season" and the "Final Dinner" is analogous to "Tap" at Yale. Image File history File links Flyclubhouse. ... Image File history File links Flyclubhouse. ... A final club or finals club is an all-male undergraduate social club at Harvard College. ... Harvard redirects here. ... A final club or finals club is an all-male undergraduate social club at Harvard College. ...


Final Clubs at Harvard include the Fly Club, (1836), a successor of the fraternity Alpha Delta Phi; The Phoenix - S K Club (1897); Porcellian (1791, originally called The Argonauts), the most famous and often bracketed with Yale's Skull and Bones; and the The Signet Society, a Harvard literary club rather than a Final Club, is also regarded on campus and by members as a "semi-secret" society.[12][13] The Fly Clubs clubhouse, pictured in 1935. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... The Porcellian Club is a male-only final club at Harvard University, founded in 1791. ... For the pirate flag, see Jolly Roger. ... Signet Society Coat of Arms (Architectural detail above front door by heraldic artist Pierre LaRose) The Signet Society of Harvard University was founded in 1870 by members of the class of 1871. ...


Longwood University

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University of Maine

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University of Missouri–Columbia

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New York University

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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Gimghoul Castle
Gimghoul Castle

The library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill contains the archives of the Order of Gimghoul, a secret society headquartered at the Gimghoul Castle.[14][15] The order was founded in 1889 by Robert Worth Bingham, Shepard Bryan, William W. Davies, Edward Wray Martin, and Andrew Henry Patterson, who were students at the time.[16] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 2. ... The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a public, coeducational, research university located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States. ...


The society is open to "notable" male students (rising juniors and higher), and faculty members by invitation. The society centers itself around the legend of Peter Dromgoole, a student who mysteriously disappeared from the UNC campus in 1833.[17] The founders originally called themselves the Order of Dromgoole, but later changed it to the Order of Gimghoul, "in accord with midnight and graves and weirdness," according the archives.[16]


Tradition has it that the order held to the "Dromgoole legend and the ideals of Arthurian knighthood and chivalry." From all accounts, the order is social in nature, and has no clandestine agenda. Membership is closed and information about the order is strictly confidential as is access to archives less than 50 years old.[16]


University of Pennsylvania

There are several "secret societies" at the University of Pennsylvania. At UPenn, the term "secret society" generally denotes a social club that is independent of any official organization. For this reason, the society cannot be regulated by the university, and is not accountable to a national fraternal or sororal organization. Most of the all-male secret societies, such as "Owl Society," "OZ," and "THEOS," were founded by former members of fraternities after the fraternity to which they belonged had had been suspended by the university for disciplinary reasons. But other societies, such as the all-female "Tabard Society" (founded 1987), were founded by students who were not affiliated with any particular greek organization. At UPenn, secret societies are smaller than their greek counterparts, and tend to vary in degree of secrecy. [18] [19] This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ...


University of Virginia

North Steps of the Rotunda, with Z Society logo
North Steps of the Rotunda, with Z Society logo

Secret societies have been a part of University of Virginia student life since the founding of the Eli Banana society in 1878.[20] Early secret societies, such as Eli Banana and T.I.L.K.A., had secret initiations but public membership; some, such as the Hot Feet, now the IMP Society, were very public, incurring the wrath of the administration for public revels.[21] The following is a list of some of the known secret societies at the University of Virginia. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... The IMP Society, was founded in 1902 at the University of Virginia as a secret society called Hot Feet, which was disbanded and recreated as the IMP Society, an acronym generally believed to stand for Incarnate Memories Prevail. ... The IMP Society, was founded in 1902 at the University of Virginia as a secret society called Hot Feet, which was disbanded and recreated as the IMP Society, an acronym generally believed to stand for Incarnate Memories Prevail. ...


The first truly "secret society" was the Seven Society, founded circa 1905.[22] Nothing is known about the Seven Society except for their philanthropy to the University; members are revealed at their death. A few other societies that flourished around the turn of the century, such as the Z Society (formerly Zeta), who were founded in 1892,[23] the IMP Society, reformulated in 1913 after the Hot Feet were banned in 1908, and Eli Banana, are still active at the University today. The Seven Society (founded circa 1905) is the most secretive of the University of Virginias secret societies. ... The Z Society (or Zeta Society) is a philanthropic organization that was founded at the University of Virginia in 1892, making it the oldest secret society on the universitys grounds. ...


New societies have periodically appeared at the University during the 20th century. The most notable are the P.U.M.P.K.I.N. Society, a secret group that rewards contributions to the University and which was founded prior to 1970[24][25]; and the Society of the Purple Shadows, founded 1963, who are only seen in public in purple robes and hoods and who seek to "safeguard vigilantly the University traditions".[26][27] Many of the secret societies listed contribute to the University either financially or through awards or some other form of recognition of excellence at the University.


Wesleyan University

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Worcester Polytechnic Institute

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College of William and Mary

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Yale University

Elizabethan Club Motif
Elizabethan Club Motif

The term "Secret society" at Yale University encompasses organizations with many shared but not necessarily identical characteristics. The oldest surviving undergraduate secret societies at Yale derive from various 19th c. fraternal organization traditions, rooted in the Enlightenment society-founding boom,[28] and therefore the term "secret society" at Yale encompasses a variety of models: senior-only versus three-year, with or without Greek letters, affiliated with other campus chapters or stand-alone entities. From 1854-1956, "'Sheff'," the Sheffield Scientific School was the sciences and engineering college of Yale University, and it also had a fraternal culture that differed in some respects from the humanities campus, further enriching (and complicating) the picture.[29] There are a number of student organizations at Yale University. ... Yale redirects here. ... The Sheffield Scientific School was founded as Yale Scientific School in 1854 and renamed in 1861 in honor of Joseph E. Sheffield. ...

Skull and Bones Tomb
Skull and Bones Tomb

Yale's history contains numerous fraternal organizations that have become defunct, those remaining survived owing to confluences of endowments, real estate, and the vigor of their respective alumni organizations and their charitable Trusts.[30][31] Across this spectrum, common features of Yale secret societies are that they (usually) have fifteen members per class, they own their "tomb" which is wholly or partially closed to non-members (unlike a club such as the Elizabethan Club whose members may bring their guests). Secret societies at Yale "tap" their members, mostly on the same "Tap Night," and a member is off-limits to recruitment by another secret society, i.e. reciprocal exclusivity -- in contrast to Yale's singing groups which also "tap," but whose members may also join a society. As hybrids like Sage and Chalice and St. Anthony Hall demonstrate, it is not possible to draw clear distinctions between these secretive organizations. Yale's Buildings and Grounds Department refers to some as "senior societies" in its online architectural database.[32] The Skull and Bones tomb Obtained from Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Detroit Publishing Company Collection Photograph taken between 1900 and 1915. ... The Skull and Bones tomb Obtained from Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Detroit Publishing Company Collection Photograph taken between 1900 and 1915. ... Leverett-Griswold House, circa 1775, renovated 1810-15 and 1995-96. ...


The Yale Alumni Magazine contains historical references to fraternities also possessing "tombs." A series of articles on Dartmouth and Yale secret society architecture provides an overview of the buildings as "a uniquely American representation of the joining spirit, (that) are crucial to an understanding of the organizations they represent."[33] Several societies were cited in the Official Preppy Handbook, including Skull and Bones, Scroll and Key and St. Anthony Hall. Cover of The Official Preppy Handbook The Official Preppy Handbook is a tongue-in-cheek reference guide edited by Lisa Birnbach; it describes an aspect of North American culture she styles as prepdom. ... For the pirate flag, see Jolly Roger. ... The Scroll and Key Society is a secret society established by John Addison Porter and others at Yale University, New Haven, CT, in 1842. ... St. ...


As an aside, the linguistic tendency at Yale for mortuary-themed concepts, i.e., tombs (read silence of a tomb), and the prevalence of Yale men in the creation of the U.S. intelligence community[34] may be why the term "spook" (an undergraduate society member) became a colloquialism for a spy. (For more on Yale secret society members' influences on intelligence agencies, see the book Cloak and Gown: Scholars in the Secret War, 1939-1961 by historian Robin W. Winks)


List

Name Year Established College or University Location Member Limit Active or Honorary
Franklin Society 1824 Brown University Providence, RI, United States Active
Bishop James Madison Society 1812 College of William and Mary Williamsburg, VA, United States
Flat Hat Club 1750 College of William and Mary Williamsburg, VA, United States Senior Honorary
The Wren Society 1832 College of William and Mary Williamsburg, VA, United States Honorary
Sphinx Head 1890 Cornell University Ithaca, NY, United States Senior Class Society
Quill and Dagger 1893 Cornell University Ithaca, NY, United States Senior Class Society
The Sphinx 1886 Dartmouth College Hanover, NH, United States Senior Class Society
Dragon Society 1898 Dartmouth College Hanover, NH, United States Senior Class Society
Fire & Skoal 1975 Dartmouth College Hanover, NH, United States Senior Class Society
Phrygian 2005 Dartmouth College Hanover, NH, United States Senior Class Society
Dartmouth College Hanover, NH, United States Senior Class Society
Raven's Claw Society 1896 Dickinson College Carlisle, PA, United States Senior Class Society
D.V.S. Senior Honor Society 1902 Emory University Atlanta, GA, United States Senior Honorary
ANAK Society 1908 Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA, United States Senior Honorary
Porcellian Club 1791 Harvard University Cambridge, MA, United States
Chi 1900 Longwood University Farmville, VA, United States
Red Dragon Society 19th century New York University New York, NY, United States Senior Society
Eucleian Society 1832 New York University New York, NY, United States Latin Society
St. Anthony Hall Princeton University Princeton, NJ, United States Senior Class Society
Petal and Thorn 1927 University of Delaware Newark, DE, United States Senior Class Society
The Senior Skull Honor Society 1906 University of Maine Orono, ME, United States Senior Men Honorary
Order of Angell 1902 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Ann Arbor, MI, United States Senior Active
QEBH 1897 University of Missouri–Columbia Columbia, MO, United States Senior Active
Mystical Seven 1907 University of Missouri–Columbia Columbia, MO, United States Senior Active
LSV Society [35] 1907 University of Missouri–Columbia Columbia, MO, United States Senior Women Active
Coffin and Keys 1916 University of Nevada, Reno Reno, NV, United States Senior Active
Episkopon 1858 University of Trinity College Toronto, ON, Canada All Class Society
IMP Society 1902 University of Virginia Charlottesville, VA, United States Senior Class Society
Seven Society 1905 University of Virginia Charlottesville, VA, United States Senior Class Society
Z Society 1892 University of Virginia Charlottesville, VA, United States Senior Class Society
Mystical Seven [36] 1837 Wesleyan University Middletown, CT, United States
Theta Nu Epsilon 1870 Wesleyan University Middletown, CT, United States Sophomore Class Society
Skull 1945 Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester, MA, United States Senior Class Society
Skull and Bones 1832 Yale University New Haven, CT, United States Senior Class Society
Scroll and Key 1842 Yale University New Haven, CT, United States Senior Class Society
Berzelius 1848 Yale University New Haven, CT, United States Senior Class Society
Book and Snake 1863 Yale University New Haven, CT, United States Senior Class Society
St. Anthony Hall 1867 Yale University New Haven, CT, United States Three Year Society
Wolf's Head 1883 Yale University New Haven, CT, United States Senior Class Society
Elihu 1903 Yale University New Haven, CT, United States Senior Class Society
Manuscript Society 1952 Yale University New Haven, CT, United States Senior Class Society
Sage and Chalice Yale University New Haven, CT, United States Senior
Mace and Chain 1956 Yale University New Haven, CT, United States Senior Class Society

Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to everyday speech. ... For the Whittier College Fraternity, see The Franklin Society (Fraternity). ... Brown University is a private university located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence is the capital and largest city in Rhode Island, a state of the United States of America. ... The Bishop James Madison Society is a secret society of the College of William and Mary in Virginia. ... The College of William and Mary (also known as William & Mary, W&M or The College) is a small, selective, coeducational public university located in Williamsburg, Virginia, United States. ... Williamsburg is a city located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia. ... The Flat Hat Club (as it was known outside its membership) or F.H.C. Society was the first of the collegiate secret societies or fraternities founded in the present United States. ... The College of William and Mary (also known as William & Mary, W&M or The College) is a small, selective, coeducational public university located in Williamsburg, Virginia, United States. ... Williamsburg is a city located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia. ... The Wren Society, is one of the many secret societies on the campus of the College of William and Mary. ... The College of William and Mary (also known as William & Mary, W&M or The College) is a small, selective, coeducational public university located in Williamsburg, Virginia, United States. ... Williamsburg is a city located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia. ... Cornell redirects here. ... For census data on the two municipalities called Ithaca see Ithaca (city), New York and Ithaca (town), New York. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Cornell redirects here. ... For census data on the two municipalities called Ithaca see Ithaca (city), New York and Ithaca (town), New York. ... The Sphinx is distinguished as the oldest of eight senior societies at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire. ... Dartmouth College is a private, coeducational university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, USA. Incorporated as Trustees of Dartmouth College,[6][7] it is a member of the Ivy League and one of the nine colonial colleges founded before the American Revolution. ... Dartmouth Colleges Baker Library is a prominent feature at the center of Hanover Located on the Connecticut River in the state of New Hampshire, United States, Hanover has a population of 10,850. ... The Dragon Society or Society of Dragons is a secret society of senior men at Dartmouth College. ... Dartmouth College is a private, coeducational university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, USA. Incorporated as Trustees of Dartmouth College,[6][7] it is a member of the Ivy League and one of the nine colonial colleges founded before the American Revolution. ... Dartmouth Colleges Baker Library is a prominent feature at the center of Hanover Located on the Connecticut River in the state of New Hampshire, United States, Hanover has a population of 10,850. ... This page contains detailed information on a number of student groups at Dartmouth College. ... Dartmouth College is a private, coeducational university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, USA. Incorporated as Trustees of Dartmouth College,[6][7] it is a member of the Ivy League and one of the nine colonial colleges founded before the American Revolution. ... Dartmouth Colleges Baker Library is a prominent feature at the center of Hanover Located on the Connecticut River in the state of New Hampshire, United States, Hanover has a population of 10,850. ... This page contains detailed information on a number of student groups at Dartmouth College. ... Dartmouth College is a private, coeducational university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, USA. Incorporated as Trustees of Dartmouth College,[6][7] it is a member of the Ivy League and one of the nine colonial colleges founded before the American Revolution. ... Dartmouth Colleges Baker Library is a prominent feature at the center of Hanover Located on the Connecticut River in the state of New Hampshire, United States, Hanover has a population of 10,850. ... Dartmouth College is a private, coeducational university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, USA. Incorporated as Trustees of Dartmouth College,[6][7] it is a member of the Ivy League and one of the nine colonial colleges founded before the American Revolution. ... Dartmouth Colleges Baker Library is a prominent feature at the center of Hanover Located on the Connecticut River in the state of New Hampshire, United States, Hanover has a population of 10,850. ... Template:Www. ... A mermaid sits atop Dickinson Colleges Old West. ... Carlisle is a borough located in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. ... The D.V.S. Senior Honor Society is a secret society at Emory University in Atlanta. ... Emory University is a private university located in the metropolitan area of the city of Atlanta and in western unincorporated DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... The ANAK Society is a secret society unique to the Georgia Institute of Technology. ... The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly known as Georgia Tech, is a public, coeducational research university, part of the University System of Georgia, and located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, with satellite campuses in Savannah, Georgia, Metz, France, Shanghai, China, and Singapore. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... A menu from a dinner at the Porcellian Club 1884 (original in the Buttolph collection of menus, NYPL.) The Porcellian Club is a male-only final club at Harvard University, sometimes called the Porc or the P.C. The year of founding is usually given as 1791, when a group... Harvard redirects here. ... Harvard Square, May 2000 Cambridge is a city in the greater Boston area in Massachusetts, United States. ... Longwood University is a four-year public, liberal-arts university located in Farmville, Virginia. ... Longwood University is a four-year public, liberal-arts university located in Farmville, Virginia. ... Farmville is a town located in Virginia. ... Red Dragon Society pin worn only by members of the society. ... New York University (NYU) is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in New York City. ... New York, New York redirects here. ... The Eucleian Society is a Student Society begun at New York University in 1832. ... New York University (NYU) is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in New York City. ... New York, New York redirects here. ... St. ... Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. ... See also: Princeton Township, New Jersey Princeton highlighted in Mercer County. ... Petal and Thorn was established in 1927 by friends of A. Felix du Pont Jr. ... The University of Delaware (UD) is the largest university in the U.S. state of Delaware. ... Newark is a city located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... The Senior Skull Society at the University of Maine was founded on December 14, 1906. ... UMO redirects here, but this abbreviation is also used informally to mean the Mozilla Add-ons website, formerly Mozilla Update Should not be confused with Université du Maine, in Le Mans, France The University of Maine, established in 1865, is the flagship university of the University of Maine System. ... ... The Order of Angell is a senior honor society at the University of Michigan. ... University of Michigan, Ann Arbor The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor is a public coeducational university located in Ann Arbor, Michigan. ... Ann Arbor is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... QEBH is a senior honorary society that is unique to the University of Missouri-Columbia. ... University of Missouri redirects here. ... Columbia is a city located in Boone County, Missouri. ... Current members of Mystical Seven prepare to be revealed at Tap Day 2005. ... University of Missouri redirects here. ... Columbia is a city located in Boone County, Missouri. ... University of Missouri redirects here. ... Columbia is a city located in Boone County, Missouri. ... Coffin & Keys or Coffin and Keys, depending on who one talks to, is a secret society at the University of Nevada, Reno. ... The University of Nevada, Reno (Nevada or UNR) is a university located in Reno, Nevada, USA, and is known for its programs in agricultural research, journalism, animal biotechnology, and mining-related engineering and natural sciences. ... This article is about the city in Nevada. ... Episkopon (Greek: Επισκοπων, sometimes spelled Episcopon earlier in its history) is a controversial secret society active at Trinity College in the University of Toronto. ... , For other schools with similar names, see Trinity University and Trinity College. ... ... The IMP Society, was founded in 1902 at the University of Virginia as a secret society called Hot Feet, which was disbanded and recreated as the IMP Society, an acronym generally believed to stand for Incarnate Memories Prevail. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... Charlottesville is an independent city located within the confines of Albemarle County in the state of Virginia. ... The Seven Society (founded circa 1905) is the most secretive of the University of Virginias secret societies. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... Charlottesville is an independent city located within the confines of Albemarle County in the state of Virginia. ... The Z Society (or Zeta Society) is a philanthropic organization that was founded at the University of Virginia in 1892, making it the oldest secret society on the universitys grounds. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... Charlottesville is an independent city located within the confines of Albemarle County in the state of Virginia. ... Wesleyan University is a private liberal arts college founded in 1831 and located in Middletown, Connecticut. ... Middletown is a city located in Middlesex County, Connecticut, along the Connecticut River, in the south-central part of the state. ... Founded at Wesleyan University as a chapter of Skull and Bones. ... Wesleyan University is a private liberal arts college founded in 1831 and located in Middletown, Connecticut. ... Middletown is a city located in Middlesex County, Connecticut, along the Connecticut River, in the south-central part of the state. ... For other uses of Skull, see Skull (disambiguation). ... Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) is a private university located in Worcester, Massachusetts, in the United States. ... Downtown Worcester, with City Hall at the right Worcester is a city in Worcester County in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States of America. ... For the pirate flag, see Jolly Roger. ... Yale redirects here. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... The Scroll and Key Society is a secret society established by John Addison Porter and others at Yale University, New Haven, CT, in 1842. ... Yale redirects here. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... Berzelius is the third-oldest secret society at Yale University. ... Yale redirects here. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... Book and Snake member list showing current CIA Director, Porter Goss, and former Secretary of Defense, Les Aspin, as 1960 inductees. ... Yale redirects here. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... St. ... Yale redirects here. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... Wolfs Head Society (W.H.S.), incorporated in 1883 as The Third Society by the Phelps Trust Association, is the third oldest secret society at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. ... Yale redirects here. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... Elihus colonial-era building, on a basement constructed earlier, in the early 1600s. ... Yale redirects here. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... Manuscript Society is a secret society for seniors at Yale University. ... Yale redirects here. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Yale redirects here. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... Mace and Chain is the youngest landed secret society at Yale University. ... Yale redirects here. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.theamericanminerva.com/thetanuepsilon/06Articles/Articles/1871FourYearsAtYale.html
  2. ^ http://www.ihsa.org/initiatives/hstoric/fraternities.htm HIGH SCHOOL SECRET SOCIETIES FROM CHICAGO
  3. ^ isha source
  4. ^ http://www.pa56.org/andoverbush.htm PHILLIPS ACADEMY ANDOVER SECRET SOCIETIES
  5. ^ Echols, Edward; PEA History, Exeter Press 1970 PHILLIPS EXETER ACADEMY SECRET SOCIETIES
  6. ^ isha source
  7. ^ http://www.engineeringschools.com/engineering-schools-rankings.html. TOP ENGINEERING SCHOOL RANKINGS
  8. ^ http://cornellsun.com/node/21711
  9. ^ a b Senior Societies. Trustees of Dartmouth College. Retrieved on 2007-02-14.
  10. ^ Scott Meacham (1999-07-18). Halls, Tombs, and Houses: Student Society Architecture at Dartmouth. Retrieved on 2007-02-14.
  11. ^ Gomstyn, Alice. "Secret societies remain veiled in mystery", The Dartmouth, 2001-05-18. Retrieved on 2007-02-14. 
  12. ^ The Harvard Crimson :: News :: FACTS ON FINAL CLUBS
  13. ^ The Harvard Crimson :: Magazine :: Cutting Final Clubs Out of the Picture
  14. ^ HALLOWEEN: Secret Society In Chapel Hill Owns Gimghoul Castle. Raleigh Chronicle. Retrieved on 2008-05-04.
  15. ^ Gimghoul Castle. WelcomeToNC.com. Retrieved on 2008-05-04.
  16. ^ a b c Inventory of the Order of Gimghoul Records, 1832-2006 (bulk 1940-1997). UNC Libraries. Retrieved on 2008-05-04.
  17. ^ The Legend of Gimghoul. Ghost Stories of North Carolina. ibiblio.org. Retrieved on 2008-05-04.
  18. ^ Gabe Oppenheim | The Jekyll and Hyde of ZBT - Opinion
  19. ^ Mystique of secret societies no secret among college students - News
  20. ^ Bruce, Philip Alexander (1921). History of the University of Virginia: The Lengthening Shadow of One Man IV. New York: Macmillan, 97-99, 338. 
  21. ^ Bruce, Philip Alexander (1922). History of the University of Virginia: The Lengthening Shadow of One Man V. New York: Macmillan, 283. 
  22. ^ Dabney, Virginius (1981). Mr. Jefferson's University: A History. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 305-306. ISBN 081390904X. 
  23. ^ Bruce, IV:100.
  24. ^ "P.U.M.P.K.I.N.'s To Make Yearly Roll", Cavalier Daily, 1970-10-30. 
  25. ^ Dabney, 502.
  26. ^ Dabney, 501.
  27. ^ Steer, Jay. "Noted For Eccentricity, Mysteriousness: Societies Beneficial to University", Cavalier Daily, 1968-09-11. 
  28. ^ Halls, Tombs and Houses: Student Society Architecture at Dartmouth. I. View [index.html] for frames version
  29. ^ Yale's Lost Landmarks
  30. ^ http://www.yale.edu/lt/archives/v8n1/v8n1tombs.htm
  31. ^ Bear Left!: These are Charities?
  32. ^ http://www.facilities.yale.edu/Campus/Campus.asp
  33. ^ http://www.yalealumnimagazine.com/issues/01_03/popup/landmarks/11.html
  34. ^ Boston.com / News / Boston Globe / Ideas / School for spies
  35. ^ Department of Religious Studies, University of Missouri-Columbia
  36. ^ http://www.wesleyan.edu/weshistory/mystical7/mystical7.html

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Bibliography

  • Robbins, Alexandra (2004). Pledged: The Secret Life of Sororities. New York, NY: Hyperion. ISBN 0-7868-8859-8. 
  • Winks, Robin W. (1996). Cloak and Gown: Scholars in the Secret War, 1939-1961. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press; 2nd edition. ISBN 0-30006524-8. 

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