FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > List of cities in New Zealand
A map showing the major cities and towns of New Zealand.
A map showing the major cities and towns of New Zealand.

After the local government reforms of 1989, the term "city" began to take on two meanings in New Zealand. Before 1989, a borough council with more than 20,000 people could be proclaimed a city. The boundaries of councils tended to follow the edge of the built-up area, so little distinction was made between the urban area and the local government area. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


In 1989, the local government structure was significantly rationalised. The new district and city councils were generally much larger and covered both urban and rural land. Many places that once had a city council were now being administered by a district council.


The word "city" began to be used in a less formal sense to describe major urban areas independent of local body boundaries. This informal usage is jealously guarded. Gisborne, for example, adamantly described itself as the first city in the world to see the new millennium. Gisborne is administered by a district council, but its status as a city is not generally disputed. For other uses of Gisborne see Gisborne (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Population of urban areas

The populations given are the Statistics New Zealand usually resident population estimates for 30 June 2005 and refer to the population of the main urban area unless otherwise stated. Table shows metropolitan areas in order of estimated population size: is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Urban area Population (2003)
Auckland 1,241,600
Wellington 370,000
Christchurch 367,700
Hamilton 155,800 1.
Dunedin 114,700
Tauranga 109,100
Palmerston North 78,800
Hastings 62,300 2.
Nelson 59,600
Napier 57,300 2.
Rotorua 54,900
New Plymouth 49,600
Whangarei 48,600
Invercargill 47,800
Wanganui 39,400
Gisborne 32,700
Timaru 27,200 3.

Notes: Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest urban area in New Zealand. ... Alternative meanings at Wellington (disambiguation) A view of Wellington from the top of Mount Victoria. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... Hamilton (Kirikiriroa in Māori) is the centre of New Zealands fourth largest urban area, and is the countrys seventh largest city. ... Alternative meanings at Dunedin (disambiguation) Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, located in coastal Otago. ... Tauranga (population 90,906 — 2001 census) is the major city of the western Bay of Plenty on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Palmerston North is a city in the Manawatu-Wanganui region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Hastings is the administrative centre of the Hastings District in the Hawkes Bay Region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... The City of Nelson is situated very close to the centre of New Zealand. ... The T & G Building (Atkin & Mitchell, Wellington, 1936) Napier (Ahuriri in Māori) is an important port city in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. ... Rotorua is a city located on the southern shore of Lake Rotorua in the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... New Plymouth is the port and main city in the Taranaki region on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Whangarei Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand | Northland, New Zealand | Cities and towns in New Zealand ... Invercargill is the southernmost city in New Zealand, and one of the most southern settlements in the world. ... Wanganui is an urban area and district on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ... For other uses of Gisborne see Gisborne (disambiguation). ... Timaru is a major port city in the southern Canterbury region of New Zealand, located 160 kilometres south of Christchurch and about 200 kilometres north of Dunedin on the eastern Pacific coast of the South Island. ...

  1. The population figure for Hamilton refers to the Hamilton Urban Zone only. The outlying areas of Te Awamutu and Cambridge are not generally considered part of Hamilton and are excluded from the figure. The total population of all three zones is 185,000.
  2. The population figures for Napier and Hastings refer to the urban zones. The total population of the Napier-Hastings Urban Area is 119,600.
  3. Timaru (27,200) once had a city council, but it is now administered as part of a district council.
  4. Blenheim (28,400) is sometimes referred to as a city, especially by locals, although its (former) borough council was never proclaimed a city.
  5. Kapiti (37,400) is the only Statistics New Zealand Main Urban Area not listed. It includes the townships of Paekakariki, Raumati, Paraparaumu, Paraparaumu Beach, and Waikanae, and Pekapeka locality, in the Kapiti Coast District, and is not known as a city.
  6. Taupo, located in the central North Island and with a population of 22,100, is rarely referred to as a city.
  7. Masterton, the main centre in the Wairarapa, is also rarely referred to as a city, as it has a population of 20,000.
  8. The town of Tokoroa in the South Waikato district was long expected to become a city when its population continued to grow past 18,000 during the 1980s. However, with the restructuring of the forestry industry, Tokoroa's main industry, many jobs were lost and Tokoroa's population declined.

Te Awamutu (In Maori: The (Te) Rivers(Awa) End (mutu)) is a town in the Waikato on the North Island of New Zealand. ... Cambridge is a town in the Waikato region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Timaru is a major port city in the southern Canterbury region of New Zealand, located 160 kilometres south of Christchurch and about 200 kilometres north of Dunedin on the eastern Pacific coast of the South Island. ... Blenheim is a town in Marlborough, in the north east of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Kapiti can refer to: Kapiti Island, a small island a short distance off the New Zealand coast north of Wellington. ... Paekakariki is a town in the Kapiti Coast District in the south-western North Island of New Zealand. ... Raumati is the name of two neighbouring places on the Kapiti Coast of New Zealands North Island. ... Paraparaumu Airport Paraparaumu is a town in the south-western North Island of New Zealand. ... Paraparaumu Beach is situated to the west of the township of Paraparaumu, located 50km north of Wellington, New Zealand. ... Waikanae (pronounced Why-kah-nye) is a small town on New Zealands Kapiti Coast. ... Taupo (Māori pronunciation - IPA: ) is a small urban area in the centre of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Masterton is a town (and local government district) in the Wellington region of New Zealand. ... Tokoroa is the second largest town in the Waikato region of the North Island of New Zealand. ...

City councils

The populations given are the Statistics New Zealand usually resident population taken from the Census of 7 March 2006. is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

City Council Population (2006) First Proclaimed Ranking (size)
North Shore 205,608 1989 4
Waitakere 186,444 1989 5
Auckland 404,658 1871 1
Manukau 328,968 1965 3
Hamilton 129,249 1936 7
Tauranga 103,635 1963 9
Napier 55,359 1950 12
Palmerston North 75,543 1930 11
Porirua 48,546 1965 14
Upper Hutt 38,415 1966 16
Lower Hutt 97,701 1941 10
Wellington 179,466 1870 6
Nelson 42,891 1874 15
Christchurch 348,435 1868 2
Dunedin 118,683 1865 8
Invercargill 50,328 1991 13

Many cities were reorganised into districts by the Local Government Commission in 1989 under the Local Government Act 1974, for example, Timaru. The most recently proclaimed city is Tauranga, which became a city, for the second time, from 1 March 2004. Another former city is Rotorua. Some present cities, such as Christchurch (1862 and 1868) and Invercargill (1930 and 1991), have been cities more than once. North Shore City (orange). ... Waitakere City is New Zealands fifth largest city, with an annual growth of about 2%. It is part of the Auckland region, and is incorporated in the Auckland metropolitan area. ... This article is about the City of Auckland. ... Manukau City (orange). ... Hamilton (Kirikiriroa in Māori) is the centre of New Zealands fourth largest urban area, and is the countrys seventh largest city. ... Tauranga (population 109,100 — 2006 census) is the largest city of the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... The T & G Building (Atkin & Mitchell, Wellington, 1936) Napier (Ahuriri in Māori) is an important port city in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. ... Palmerston North (Māori: ) is the main city of the Manawatu-Wanganui region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Porirua is a city in New Zealand, 20 km north of Wellington. ... Upper Hutt is New Zealands smallest city by population, the second largest by land area and is located in the Wellington region of New Zealand. ... Lower Hutt is a city in the lower North Island of the country of New Zealand. ... For the first Duke of Wellington, see Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. ... The City of Nelson is situated very close to the centre of New Zealand. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... Dunedin (ÅŒtepoti in Maori) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the region of Otago. ... Cnr of Esk and Dee Streets, looking up Esk st, one of the main shopping streets of Invercargill. ... The Local Government Act (1974) restructured New Zealand local governance from territorial local authorities to regional councils and bodies. ... Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Canterbury, New Zealand | Cities and towns in New Zealand ... Tauranga (population 90,906 — 2001 census) is the major city of the western Bay of Plenty on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rotorua is a city located on the southern shore of Lake Rotorua in the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ...


Under Section 27 of the Local Government Act 2002, a district may become a city by either a reorganisation scheme with the Local Government Commission, or under Section 27(1) it may apply for a change in status under Schedule 3, Clause 7. Either way, the new city must have 'a population of not less than 50,000 persons', be 'predominantly urban' and 'a distinct entity and a major centre of activity within the region' (or regions) which it is encompassed by. Existing cities are grandfathered under Schedule 2, Part 2 of the Act. The only new city council so far under this section is the Tauranga City Council, from 1 March 2004. Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... Tauranga (population 90,906 — 2001 census) is the major city of the western Bay of Plenty on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Previously, under Section 37L of the Local Government Act 1974, new cities could only be formed from a reorganisation scheme. The same criteria were used. The last city to be constituted under this section was Invercargill, which was re-reorganised into a city in 1991.


In 1991, the Lower Hutt City Council became the Hutt City Council by a special Act of Parliament [1], which specifically did not change the name [2] of its city, Lower Hutt; as a result, the city's coat of arms still refer to a City of Lower Hutt. The New Zealand Parliament is the legislative body of the New Zealand government. ... Lower Hutt is a city in the lower North Island of the country of New Zealand. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...


Cities during provincialism, 1852 to 1876

During provincialism in New Zealand -- from 1852 until abolition in 1876 -- there was no uniform system of local authorities in New Zealand. There is thus some argument over which of the following cities were the first. (For the current top-level subdivision of New Zealand, see Regions of New Zealand) Provinces in New Zealand were used from 1841 until the Abolition of the Provinces Act came into force on November 1, 1876. ...

  • Nelson (1858, by Letters Patent)
  • Christchurch (November 1862, revoked June 1868, both by provincial ordinance and restored October 1868, by Act of Parliament)
  • Otago (later Dunedin) (July 1865)

The Municipal Corporations Act 1876 included the first schedule of cities, with the dates they were constituted. Dunedin was the first city in New Zealand to be described in an Act of Parliament as 'City of...', something now automatic under the Local Government Act 2002. The City of Nelson is situated very close to the centre of New Zealand. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... Alternative meanings at Dunedin (disambiguation) Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, located in coastal Otago. ...

Alternative meanings at Dunedin (disambiguation) Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, located in coastal Otago. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Alternative meanings at Wellington (disambiguation) A view of Wellington from the top of Mount Victoria. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest urban area in New Zealand. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The City of Nelson is situated very close to the centre of New Zealand. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Cities, 1877 to 1989

Up to October 1989, the Local Government Commission undertook a major reorganisation of local government. As a result, some cities were reorganised into other cities or changed to districts, and to this day some of these areas are still considered cities by many New Zealanders. This is a list as at circa 1986.

Whangarei (the initial consonant is pronounced F as in fa-nga-ray) is the northernmost city in New Zealand and the regional capital of Northland Region. ... This article is about the City of Auckland. ... East Coast Bays is the collective name for a series of small suburbs of North Shore, in the Auckland metropolitan area of New Zealand which line the northeast coast of the city along the shore of the Hauraki Gulf and Rangitoto Channel. ... Takapuna or Takapuna Beach as the local business association would like it to be known as, is located in the northern North Island of New Zealand. ... Location of Birkenhead. ... Waitemata can be: Waitemata Harbour, a large bay in New Zealand Waitemata City, a local government body on the shores of Waitemata Harbour, now part of Waitakere. ... Mount Albert is a volcanic peak and suburban area in the city of Auckland, New Zealand. ... Papatoetoes Old Railway Station - a local landmark Papatoetoe is a suburb of Manukau City, one of the four cities that make up the Auckland conurbation in northern New Zealand. ... Manukau City (orange). ... Papakura district (boundary red, urban area orange) in relation to the Auckland metropolitan area (grey) The Papakura District is one of the several local territories in New Zealands Auckland Region. ... Tamaki is a suburb of the city of Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Hamilton (Kirikiriroa in Māori) is the centre of New Zealands fourth largest urban area, and is the countrys seventh largest city. ... The 45 metre high Wind Wand on the New Plymouth waterfront New Plymouth is the port and main city in the Taranaki region on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Tauranga (population 109,100 — 2006 census) is the largest city of the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Rotorua is a city located on the southern shore of Lake Rotorua in the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... For other uses of Gisborne see Gisborne (disambiguation). ... The T & G Building (Atkin & Mitchell, Wellington, 1936) Napier (Ahuriri in Māori) is an important port city in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. ... Hastings is the administrative centre of the Hastings District in the Hawkes Bay Region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Wanganui   is an urban area and district on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Palmerston North (Māori: ) is the main city of the Manawatu-Wanganui region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Alternative meanings at Wellington (disambiguation) A view of Wellington from the top of Mount Victoria. ... Upper Hutt is New Zealands smallest city by population, the second largest by land area and is located in the Wellington region of New Zealand. ... Lower Hutt is a city in the lower North Island of New Zealand. ... Porirua is a city in New Zealand, 20 km north of Wellington. ... The City of Nelson is situated very close to the centre of New Zealand. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... Timaru is a major port city in the southern Canterbury region of New Zealand, located 160 kilometres south of Christchurch and about 200 kilometres north of Dunedin on the eastern Pacific coast of the South Island. ... Alternative meanings at Dunedin (disambiguation) Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, located in coastal Otago. ... Cnr of Esk and Dee Streets, looking up Esk st, one of the main shopping streets of Invercargill. ...

See also

Historically, city status in England and Wales was associated with the presence of a cathedral, such as York Minster. ... Territorial authorities is the formal term for the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. ... This is a list of towns in New Zealand. ... The following is a list of the names of the main streets of New Zealands cities, and of the larger towns in New Zealand known unofficially as cities (see List of cities in New Zealand for explanation). ... List of cities in Niue Alofi (capital) Avatele Hikutavake Lakepa Liku Mutalau Categories: Lists of cities | Niue ...

References

  • Gordon McLauchlan (Editor), Illustrated Encyclopedia of New Zealand, The, Auckland: David Bateman, 1989 (second edition) (ISBN 1-86953-007-1) - confirmation, pre-1989 dates

External links

  • Statistics New Zealand Subnational Population Estimates
  • Tauranga status change, 2003 - specific details
  • Local Government Online Limited site - confirmation, post-1989 council names
  • Map

  Results from FactBites:
 
List of cities in New Zealand - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (988 words)
The populations given are the Statistics New Zealand usually resident population estimates for 30 June 2003 and refer to the population of the main urban area unless otherwise stated.
Either way, the new city must have 'a population of not less than 50,000 persons', be 'predominantly urban' and 'a distinct entity and a major centre of activity within the region' (or regions) which it is encompassed by.
This is a list as at circa 1986.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m