FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > List of cancer clusters

This is a list of cancer clusters. It should be noted that a cancer cluster is a statistical event, which may or may not have a cause other than chance. There are other cancer clusters that occur without any obvious source of carcinogens. Cancer cluster is a term used by epidemiologists, statisticians, and public health workers to define an occurrence of a greater-than-expected number of cancer cases within a group of people in a geographic area over a period of time1. ...

North America
Date Disease Location Number Source Refs
1917-1927 Osteosarcoma New Jersey, Connecticut, Illinois 86 Radium 1 2
1938-1971 Adenocarcinoma U.S.A. 750 diethylstilbestrol 3 4
1963-1999 Lung cancer, Mesothelioma Libby, Montana 56 vermiculite 5
1967-1973 Liver angiosarcoma (Hemangiosarcoma) Louisville, Kentucky 4 vinyl chloride monomer 6
1968-1995 Leukemia, Lymphoma Camp Lejeune, North Carolina 103 trichloroethylene
1,2-dichloroethylene
tetrachloroethylene
methylene chloride
vinyl chloride
7
1973-1982 Brain, CNS cancer Cooke County, Texas 16-29 Unknown 8
1979-1996 Brain, CNS cancer Toms River, New Jersey 90 SAN trimer
styrene
acrylonitrile
9 10 11
1981-1986 Leukemia Woburn, Massachusetts 21 Chloroform
Tetrachloroethylene
Trichloroethylene
1,2 Dichloroethylene
Arsenic
12 13
1982-1984 Testicular cancer Fulton County, New York 3 dimethylformamide (DMF)
2-ethoxyethanol
2-ethoxyethyl acetate
2-butoxyethanol
14
1987-1999 Brain cancer, Leukemia, Lymphoma Wilmington, Massachusetts 20 Unknown
N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)
15 16 17
1997-2002 Leukemia Fallon, Nevada 16 Unknown
Arsenic
Tungsten
Chlorpyrifos
DDE
18 19 20
1980-1993 Nonhodgkins lymphoma, lung cancer, brain cancer Texas City ~100 Benzene, PVC byproducts
Europe
Date Disease Location Number Source Refs
1968-1995 Leukemia Seascale, Sellafield, England 9 Unsure
studies indicate a correlation with paternal preconceptional irradiation (PPI)
21 22
1978-1993 Leukemia La Hague, Normandy, France 27 Unknown
(speculated to be tritium)
23 24

1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Events January 7 - First transatlantic telephone call - New York City to London January 9 - Military rebellion crushed in Lisbon January 14 - Paul Doumer elected president of France January 19 - Britain sends troops to China February 12 - First British troops lad on Shanghai February 14 - Earthquake in Yugoslavia - 700 dead February... Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumour, excluding myeloma and lymphoma. ... State nickname: The Garden State Other U.S. States Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Governor Richard Codey (acting) Official languages None defined Area 22,608 km² (47th)  - Land 19,231 km²  - Water 3,378 km² (14. ... State nickname: The Constitution State Other U.S. States Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Governor M. Jodi Rell Official languages English Area 14,371 km² (48th)  - Land 12,559 km²  - Water 1,809 km² (12. ... State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State Other U.S. States Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Governor Rod Blagojevich Official languages English Area 149,998 km² (25th)  - Land 143,968 km²  - Water 6,030 km² (4. ... General Name, Symbol, Number Radium, Ra, 88 Series Alkali earth metals Group, Period, Block 2(IIA), 7, s Density, Hardness 5000 kg/m3, no data Appearance Silvery white metallic Atomic Properties Atomic weight (226. ... 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... In medicine, carcinoma is any cancer that arises from epithelial cells. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is a drug, a synthetic estrogen that was developed to supplement a womans natural estrogen production. ... Events January-February January 11 - The Whisky A Go-Go night club in Los Angeles, the first disco in the USA, is opened. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Lung cancer is a malignant tumour of the lungs. ... Libby is a city located in Lincoln County, Montana. ... Vermiculite is a natural mineral which expands with the application of heat. ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... The liver is an organ in vertebrates including humans. ... Angiosarcoma is a rare, malignant tumor consisting of endothelial and fibroblastic tissue that proliferates and eventually surrounds vascular channels. ... Hemangiosarcoma is a rapidly growing, highly invasive variety of cancer. ... The official logo of Louisville Metro Louisville (usually pronounced ; see Pronunciation below) is Kentuckys largest city and the 16th largest city of the United States. ... The chemical compound polyvinyl chloride Irregular heartbeat: premature ventricular contraction In frame relay and X.25 a permanent virtual circuit This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Leukemia (leukaemia in Commonwealth English) is a group of blood diseases characterized by malignancies (cancer) of the blood-forming tissues. ... Lymphoma is a general term for cancers that develop in the lymphatic system. ... Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune is near Jacksonville, North Carolina, on the Atlantic seaboard of the United States. ... State nickname: Tar Heel State Other U.S. States Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Governor Michael Easley Official languages English Area 139,509 km² (28th)  - Land 126,256 km²  - Water 13,227 km² (9. ... The chemical compound trichloroethylene is a chlorinated hydrocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent. ... Tetrachloroethylene Cl2C=CCl2 is a manufactured chemical that is widely used for the dry cleaning of fabrics and for metal-degreasing. ... Dichloromethane or Methylene chloride is a chemical compound widely used as a solvent for organic materials. ... Vinyl chloride, also known as chloroethene in IUPAC nomenclature, is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce its polymer, polyvinyl chloride (PVC). ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Events January-February January 6 - William Bonin is convicted of being the freeway killer. January 8 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions January 11 - Mark Thatcher, son of the British... In the anatomy of animals, the brain, or encephalon, is the supervisory center of the nervous system. ... CNS can refer to: in air traffic control, Communication, Navigation, Surveillance often associated with the acronym ATM (Air Traffic Management) as CNS/ATM. the central nervous system This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... When normal cells are damaged or old they undergo apoptosis; cancer cells, however, avoid apoptosis. ... Cooke County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... In the anatomy of animals, the brain, or encephalon, is the supervisory center of the nervous system. ... CNS can refer to: in air traffic control, Communication, Navigation, Surveillance often associated with the acronym ATM (Air Traffic Management) as CNS/ATM. the central nervous system This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... When normal cells are damaged or old they undergo apoptosis; cancer cells, however, avoid apoptosis. ... Toms River is a river, approximately 19 mi (31 km) long, in southern New Jersey in the United States. ... State nickname: The Garden State Other U.S. States Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Governor Richard Codey (acting) Official languages None defined Area 22,608 km² (47th)  - Land 19,231 km²  - Water 3,378 km² (14. ... Styrene (also vinyl benzene, ethenylbenzene, phenethylene, cinnamene, diarex HF 77, styrolene, styrol, styropol) is an organic compound which is an aromatic hydrocarbon having the chemical formula C8H8. ... Acrylonitrile (CH2=CH-C≡N), is a pungent smelling, extremely flammable organic liquid. ... 1981 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Leukemia (leukaemia in Commonwealth English) is a group of blood diseases characterized by malignancies (cancer) of the blood-forming tissues. ... Woburn is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Chloroform (also known as trichloromethane and methyl trichloride) is a chemical compound with formula CHCl3. ... Tetrachloroethylene Cl2C=CCl2 is a manufactured chemical that is widely used for the dry cleaning of fabrics and for metal-degreasing. ... The chemical compound trichloroethylene is a chlorinated hydrocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent. ... General Name, Symbol, Number arsenic, As, 33 Series metalloids Group, Period, Block 15 (VA), 4, p Density, Hardness 5727 kg/m3, 3. ... 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Events January-February January 6 - William Bonin is convicted of being the freeway killer. January 8 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions January 11 - Mark Thatcher, son of the British... 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system. ... Fulton County is a county located in the state of New York. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... In the anatomy of animals, the brain, or encephalon, is the supervisory center of the nervous system. ... When normal cells are damaged or old they undergo apoptosis; cancer cells, however, avoid apoptosis. ... Leukemia (leukaemia in Commonwealth English) is a group of blood diseases characterized by malignancies (cancer) of the blood-forming tissues. ... Lymphoma is a general term for cancers that develop in the lymphatic system. ... Wilmington is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Reef. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Leukemia (leukaemia in Commonwealth English) is a group of blood diseases characterized by malignancies (cancer) of the blood-forming tissues. ... Fallon is a city located in Churchill County, Nevada. ... General Name, Symbol, Number Tungsten, W, 74 Chemical series Transition metals Group, Period, Block 6 (VIB), 6, d Density, Hardness 19250 kg/m3, 7. ... Chlorpyrifos is a toxic crystalline organophosphate pesticide (C9H11Cl3NO3PS) that inhibits acetylcholinesterase and is used to control insect pests. ... Acronym for Dynamic Data Exchange, an interprocess communication (IPC) system built into the Macintosh, Windows, and OS/2 operating systems. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003) Events Media:January January 1 - Czechoslovakia divides. ... Lung cancer is a malignant tumour of the lungs. ... A brain tumor is any mass created by an abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells either found in the brain (neurons, glial cells, epithelial cells, myelin producing cells, etc. ... Texas City is a city located in Galveston County, Texas. ... Benzene, C6 H6, PhH, or benzol is a colorless and flammable liquid with a pleasant, sweet smell. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Leukemia (leukaemia in Commonwealth English) is a group of blood diseases characterized by malignancies (cancer) of the blood-forming tissues. ... Sellafield Leaks Tons of Radio-active Waste into Daycare Facility Aproximatley 14 children have undergone spotaneuous mutation from direct exposure to the waste. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Religion... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003) Events Media:January January 1 - Czechoslovakia divides. ... Leukemia (leukaemia in Commonwealth English) is a group of blood diseases characterized by malignancies (cancer) of the blood-forming tissues. ... Mont Saint Michel is a historic pilgrimage site and a symbol of Normandy Normandy is a former country (a Duchy) situated in northern France occupying the lower Seine area (upper or Haute-Normandie) and the region to the west (lower or Basse-Normandie) as far as the Cotentin Peninsula. ... Tritium (symbol T or 3H) is an isotope of hydrogen. ...

Notes

  • Note 1: Grady, Denise (Oct. 8, 1998). A Glow in the Dark, and a Lesson in Scientific Peril (http://www.nytimes.com/library/national/science/100698sci-radium.html). The New York Times.
  • Note 2: Thun, Michael J. Sinks, Thomas.(2004). What is a Cancer Cluster? CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians (http://caonline.amcancersoc.org/cgi/content/full/54/5/273#SEC2) 54 (5), 273–280.
  • Note 3: Jones, Lovell A. Hajek, Richard A. (1995). Effects of Estrogenic Chemicals on Development. Environmental Health Perspectives (http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/docs/1995/Suppl-7/jones.html) 103 (7), 63–67.
  • Note 4: US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005). Role of DES Cohort Studies (http://www.cdc.gov/DES/consumers/research/understanding_cohort.html). Retrieved Jan. 31, 2005.
  • Note 5: McDonald, JC. Harris, J. Armstrong, B. (2004). Occupational and Environmental Medicine (http://oem.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/61/4/363) 61 (4), 363–366.
  • Note 6: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. (Feb. 7, 1997). Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Angiosarcoma of the Liver Among Polyvinyl Chloride Workers -- Kentucky. (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00046136.htm) 46 (5), 97–101.
  • Note 7: US Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). (Jul. 2003). Survey of Childhood Cancers and Birth Defects at USMC Camp Lejeune (http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/sites/lejeune/survey_full.html). Retrieved Jan. 31, 2005
  • Note 8: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. (August 24, 1984). Brain Cancer -- Texas  (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00000393.htm) 33 (33), 477–479.
  • Note 9: US Environmental Protection Agency. (December 14th, 2004). CIBA-GEIGY CORP (http://www.epa.gov/region02/superfund/npl/ciba/). Retrieved Jan. 31, 2005
  • Note 10: New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Hazardous Site Health Evaluation Program, Division of Epidemiology, Environmental and Occupational Health, & US Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). (Sep. 1997). Childhood Cancer Incidence Health Consultation: A Review and Analysis of Cancer Registry Data, 1979-1995 for Dover Township (Ocean County), New Jersey (http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/hhazweb/cansumm.pdf)
  • Note 11: NJDHSS, ATSDR. (Dec. 2001). Case-control Study of Childhood Cancers in Dover Township (Ocean County), New Jersey. Volume 1: Summary of the Final Technical Report PDF 134KB (http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/hhazweb/case-control_pdf/Volume_I/Voli.pdf). See also: Dover Township Childhood Cancer Investigation (http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/hhazweb/dovertwp.htm). Retrieved Jan. 31, 2005.
  • Note 12: Massachusetts Department of Public Health and Bureau of Environmental Health Assessment. (1997). BEHA Reports - Woburn, Massachusetts (http://www.mass.gov/dph/beha/cau/reports/woburn/woburn.htm). Retrieved Jan. 31, 2005.
  • Note 13: . Costas, K. Knorr, RS. Condon, SK. (Dec. 2, 2002). A case–control study of childhood leukemia in Woburn, Massachusetts: the relationship between leukemia incidence and exposure to public drinking water. Science of The Total Environment (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_aset=B-WA-A-B-ZC-MsSAYWW-UUW-AUEYEBAABV-AUEZCAAEBV-ZVCWECCUV-ZC-U&_rdoc=7&_fmt=summary&_udi=B6V78-462BHTK-6&_coverDate=12%2F02%2F2002&_cdi=5836&_orig=search&_st=13&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=2d94c59a4331e2dede71829a2b267285) 300 (1-3), 23–35.
  • Note 14: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. (Feb. 24, 1989). Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Testicular Cancer in Leather Workers -- Fulton County, New York (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00001352.htm) 38 (7), 105–106, 111–114.
  • Note 15: Massachusetts Department of Public Health. (2002). Wilmington Childhood Cancer Study. Bureau of Environmental Health Assessment (http://www.mass.gov/dph/beha/cau/reports/wilmington/wilmington.htm). Retrieved Jan. 31, 2005.
  • Note 16: Massachusetts Department of Public Health. (Aug. 2000). Letter to the Wilmington Board of Health. Evaluation of Cancer Incidence data for the Town of Wilmington, Massachusetts 1987-1995 (http://www.mass.gov/dph/beha/cau/reports/wilmington/evaluation87to95.pdf). Retrieved Jan. 31, 2005.
  • Note 17: Lowell Center for Sustainable Production, University of Massachusetts Lowell. (2003). Toxic chemicals and childhood cancer: A review of the evidence (http://www.uml.edu/umlmainpage/umlnews/pdf/ChildhoodCancerinMassachusettsv135.7.03.pdf). Retrieved Jan. 31, 2005.
  • Note 18: National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2004). Cancer Clusters - Churchill County (Fallon), Nevada Exposure Assessment (http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/clusters/Fallon/default.htm). Retrieved Jan. 31, 2005.
  • Note 19: Steinmaus, C. Lu, M. Todd, RL. Smith, AH. (2004). Probability Estimates for the Unique Childhood Leukemia Cluster in Fallon, Nevada, and Risks Near Other U.S. Military Aviation Facilities. Environmental Health Perspectives (http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/members/2004/6592/6592.html) 112 (6), 766–771 .
  • Note 20: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Nevada (http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/HAC/PHA/region_9.html#nevada). Retrieved Jan. 31, 2005.
  • Note 21: Gardner, MJ. (1991). Father's occupational exposure to radiation and the raised level of childhood leukemia near the Sellafield nuclear plant. Environmental Health Perspectives (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=1954939) 94, 5–7.
  • Note 22: Dickinson, H. Parker, L. (2002). Leukaemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in children of male Sellafield radiation workers. International Journal of Cancer (http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/abstract/92013261/ABSTRACT) 99 (3), 437–444.
  • Note 23: Pobel, D. Viel, JF. (1997). Case-control study of leukaemia among young people near La Hague nuclear reprocessing plant: the environmental hypothesis revisited. British Medical Journal (http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/314/7074/101) 314 (101).
  • Note 24: Seth, A. (1997) Leukemia Clusters Near La Hague and Sellafield. Institute for Energy and Environmental Research (http://www.ieer.org/ensec/no-4/lahague.html) (4). Retrieved Jan. 31, 2005.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wikinfo | Cancer (856 words)
In medicine, cancer is a general term for any of a number of different diseases where some of the body's own cells divide in an uncontrolled manner.
Cancers are capable of spreading through the body by two mechanisms: local invasion and distant metastasis.
Below is a list of some well-known institutions dedicated to funding cancer research that would eventually lead to a cure for cancer.
Cancer -- Definition -- Biotechnology Stocks (3482 words)
Adult cancers usually form in epithelial tissues and are believed often to be the result of a long biological process related to the interaction of exogenous exposures with genetic and other endogenous characteristics among susceptible people.
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Cancer is caused by the accumulation of multiple mutations in the DNA of a cell.
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