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Encyclopedia > List of basic engineering topics
For a more comprehensive list, see the List of engineering topics.

Engineering is the practice and method of applying scientific and empirical knowledge to the service of humanity, and is distinct from the physical sciences, which are studies of the natural universe. Basic topics in engineering include: Contents | Basic topics | Topics | Tables | Fields | Overview | Portals | Categories Below are lists of fundamental concepts for major subject areas. ... This page aims to list all topics related to the broad field of engineering. ... Engineering is the design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ...

Engineering Portal

Contents

Image File history File links Portal. ...

Nature of engineering

Main article: Engineering

Engineering is the design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ...

Branches of engineering

Biological engineering (a. ... Chemical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the application of physical science (e. ... The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... Electrical Engineers design power systems… … and complex electronic circuits. ... Engineering is the application of scientific and technical knowledge to solve human problems. ... Financial engineering is the application of science-based mathematical and statistical models to make a better decision about managing financial risks, investing, borrowing, lending, and saving. ... Fire protection engineering is the practice of application of science and engineering principles and experience to protect people and their environments from the destructive effects of fire. ... Industrial engineering is a branch in engineering that concerns the development, improvement, implementation and evaluation of integrated systems of people, knowledge, equipment, energy, material and process. ... Mechanical engineers design and build engines and power plants. ... Polish military engineers at work in Pakistan A military engineer is primarily responsible for the design and construction of offensive, defensive and logistical structures for warfare. ... Nuclear engineering is the practical application of the atomic nucleus gleaned from principles of nuclear physics and the interaction and maintenance of nuclear fission systems and components, specifically, nuclear reactors, nuclear power plants and/or nuclear weapons. ... Ocean engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the design, analysis and operation of systems that operate in an oceanic environment. ... Optical engineering is the field of study which focuses on applications of optics. ... Petroleum Engineering is involved in the exploration and production activities of petroleum as an upstream end of the energy sector. ... Planetary engineering is the application of technology for the purpose of influencing the global properties of a planet. ... Reverse engineering (RE) is the process of taking something (a device, an electrical component, a software program, etc. ... Software engineering is the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software. ... Social engineering has several meanings: Social engineering (political science) Social engineering (computer security) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Stellar engineering is the practice of creating or modifying stars through artificial means. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Fields of engineering

Biological engineering

Biological engineering (a. ... Agricultural engineers develop engineering science and technology in the context of agricultural production and processing and for the management of natural resources. ... Unser Nachbar hat ein neues Auto. ... The AbioCor artificial heart, an example of a biomedical engineering application of mechanical engineering with biocompatible materials for Cardiothoracic Surgery using an artificial organ. ... A Clinical engineer is a professional who supports and advances patient care by applying engineering and managerial skills to healthcare technology. ... Ergonomics (or human factors) is the application of scientific information concerning humans to the design of objects, systems and environment for human use. ... Food engineering refers to the engineering aspects of food production and processing. ... An iconic image of genetic engineering; this autoluminograph from 1986 of a glowing transgenic tobacco plant bearing the luciferase gene, illustrating the possibilities of genetic engineering. ... Human genetic engineering refers to the controlled modification of the human genome. ... Cellular metabolism can be optimized for industrial use. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... It has been suggested that Neuro cybernetics be merged into this article or section. ... Protein engineering is the application of science, mathematics, and economics to the process of developing useful or valuable proteins. ... Rehabilitation engineering is the systematic application of engineering sciences to design, develop, adapt, test, evaluate, apply, and distribute technological solutions to problems confronted by individuals with disabilities. ... Tissue engineering is the use of a combination of cells, engineering or tissue-matrix materials, and suitable biochemical factors to improve or replace biological functions. ...

Chemical engineering

Chemical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the application of physical science (e. ... Micro process engineering is the science of conducting chemical or physical processes (unit operations) inside small volumina, typically inside channels with diameters of less than 1 mm (microchannels) or other structures with sub-millimeter dimensions. ... Paper engineering encompasses the design and analysis of the equipment and processes that are used in the manufacture of paper. ... Plastics engineering encompasses the processing, design, development, and manufacture of plastics products. ... “Process engineering is about applying engineering approaches, techniques, and tools to the construction of Process Models. ...

Civil engineering

The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... Aquatic and environmental engineering; an Sweden, since the word civil engineer often refers to an engineering degree. ... An architectural engineer applies the skills of many engineering disciplines to the design, construction, operation, maintenance, and renovation of buildings while paying attention to their impacts on the surrounding environment. ... Climate engineering is a term coined by the Global Commons Institute to mean the sundry assortment of proposals to, for example, deflect solar radiation with mirrors or seed the oceans with massive amounts of iron filings. ... Earth systems engineering and management (ESEM) is a discipline used to analyze, design, engineer and manage complex environmental systems. ... Ecological Engineering is the emerging field of the use of ecological processes within natural or constructed imitation of natural systems to achieve engineering goals. ... Environmental engineering is the application of science and engineering principles to improving the environment (air, water, and/or land resources), to provide healthful water, air and land for human habitation and for other organisms, and to investigate the possibilities for remediation of polluted sites. ... Facilities Engineering See also Civil engineering Environmental engineering Built environment External links Association for Facilities Engineering (AFE) AFE Journal ... Geomatics Engineering is a rapidly developing discipline that focuses on spatial information (i. ... Bostons Big Dig presented geotechnical challenges in an urban environment. ... Highway engineering is the process of design and construction of efficient and safe highways and roads. ... Hydraulic engineering is a sub-discipline of civil engineering concerned with the flow and conveyance of fluids, principally water. ... Landscape engineering is the application of mathematics and science to create useful land- and waterscapes. ... Central Park, like all parks, is an example of landscape architecture. ... Pavement engineering is a branch of civil engineering that uses engineering techniques to design and maintain flexible (asphalt) and rigid (concrete) pavements. ... Railway Systems Engineering is gians pastime engineering discipline dealing with the design, construction and operation of all types of railway systems. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Sanitary engineering is the application of scientific or mathematical principles with to the field of sanitation, especially in regards to its affect on public health. ... Sewage treatment is the process that removes the majority of the contaminants from waste-water or sewage and produces both a liquid effluent suitable for disposal to the natural environment and a sludge. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building as of 2004. ... Surveyor at work with a leveling instrument. ... For another meaning of the term traffic engineering, please see telecommunications traffic engineering. ... Transport engineering aims to ensure the safe and efficient movement of people and goods. ... Urban engineering is a subset of the general practice of urban planning. ...

Electrical engineering

Electrical Engineers design power systems… … and complex electronic circuits. ... Broadcast engineering is the field of electrical engineering, and now to some extent radio and television broadcasting. ... // Building engineering: a discipline for the modern era Building engineering, commonly known in the US as architectural engineering, is an emerging engineering discipline that concerns with the planning, design, construction, operation, renovation, and maintenance of buildings, as well as with their impacts on the surrounding environment. ... In telecommunication, communications system engineering is the translation of user requirements for the exchange of information into cost-effective and low-risk technical solutions in terms of equipment and subsystems. ... Computer engineering ( also called electronic and computer engineering) is a discipline that combines elements of both electrical engineering and computer science. ... Control engineering is the engineering discipline that focuses on the mathematical modelling systems of a diverse nature, analysing their dynamic behaviour, and using control theory to make a controller that will cause the systems to behave in a desired manner. ... Electronic engineering is a professional discipline that deals with the behavior and effects of electrons (as in electron tubes and transistors) and with electronic devices, systems, or equipment. ... Electronics and Communication Engineering is a disipline of Communications system engineering combining two branches: Knowledge of electronics is very essential for a communication engineer. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with electrical and electronics engineering. ... k ... In telecommunication, the term network engineering has the following meanings: 1. ...

Engineering Science

Engineering is the application of scientific and technical knowledge to solve human problems. ... Engineering physics (EP) is an academic degree, usually at the level of Bachelor of Science. ... Engineering technology (ET) is a cross between engineering (which is more research-based), and technology (which is applications-based). ... // Background Integrated Engineering started in Canada at the University of Western Ontario. ...

Financial engineering

Financial engineering is the application of science-based mathematical and statistical models to make a better decision about managing financial risks, investing, borrowing, lending, and saving. ... Computational finance (also known as financial engineering) is a cross-disciplinary field which relies on mathematical finance, numerical methods and computer simulations to make trading, hedging and investment decisions, as well as facilitating the risk management of those decisions. ... Value Engineering is a systematic method to improve the Value of goods and services by using an examination of FUNCTION. Value, as defined, is the ratio of Function to Cost. ...

Fire protection engineering

Fire protection engineering is the practice of application of science and engineering principles and experience to protect people and their environments from the destructive effects of fire. ...

Industrial engineering

(includes manufacturing and production engineering)

Industrial engineering is a branch in engineering that concerns the development, improvement, implementation and evaluation of integrated systems of people, knowledge, equipment, energy, material and process. ... Behavioral engineering is intended to identify issues associated with the interface of technology and the human operators in a system and to generate recommended design practices that consider the strengths and limitations of the human operators. ... Domain engineering, also called product line engineering) is the entire process of reusing domain knowledge in the production of new software systems. ... Engineering economics, previously known as engineering economy, is a subset of economics for application to engineering projects. ... Engineering management is a field that bridges the gap between engineering and management. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Ergonomics. ... Logistic Engineering deals with the science of Logistics. ... Model-driven engineering (MDE) is an emerging technique in software, system and data engineering, based on the systematic use of models. ... Performance engineering is the set of roles, skills, activities, practices, tools, and deliverables applied at every phase of the Systems Development Lifecycle which ensures that a solution will be designed and implemented to meet the non-functional requirements defined for the solution. ... Product families/lines are quite common in our daily lives, but before a product family can be successfully established, an extensive process has to be followed. ... In engineering and manufacturing, quality control or quality engineering is a set of measures taken to ensure that defective products or services are not produced, and that the design meets performance requirements. ... Reliability engineering is the discipline of ensuring that a system will be reliable when operated in a specified manner. ... Safety engineering is an applied science strongly related to systems engineering. ... Security engineering is the field of engineering dealing with the security and integrity of real-world systems. ... Support engineering deals with all the aspects related to the maintenance, repair and support of systems and products to ensure continued operation or functioning of the system or product(s). ... Systems engineering is an interdisciplinary approach and means for enabling the realization and deployment of successful systems. ...

Mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineers design and build engines and power plants. ... Acoustical engineering is the branch of engineering dealing with sound and vibration. ... Aerospace engineering is the branch of engineering that concerns aircraft, spacecraft, and related topics. ... Audio engineering is a part of audio science dealing with the recording and reproduction of sound through mechanical and electronic means. ... ... Ceramic engineering is the technology of manufacturing and usage of ceramic materials. ... Construction engineering concerns the planning and management of the construction of structures such as highways, bridges, airports, railroads, buildings, dams, and reservoirs. ... Crystal engineering is the design and synthesis of molecular solid-state structures with desired properties, based on an understanding and exploitation of intermolecular interactions. ... Forensic engineering is the investigation of materials, products, structures or components that fail or do not operate/function as intended. ... Materials engineering is a discipline related to materials science which focusses on materials design, processing techniques (casting, rolling, welding, ion implantation, crystal growth, thin film deposition, sintering, glassblowing, etc. ... Mechatronics is the synergistic combination of mechanical engineering (mecha for mechanisms, i. ... Nanoengineering is the practice of engineering on the nanoscale. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building as of 2004. ... // Solids are composed of a bulk material covered by a surface. ... Vacuum engineering deals with technological processes and equipment that use vacuum to achieve better results than those, run under atmospheric pressure. ...

Military engineer

Polish military engineers at work in Pakistan A military engineer is primarily responsible for the design and construction of offensive, defensive and logistical structures for warfare. ... Combat engineers place satchel charges and detonating cord, preparatory to blowing up a railway bridge during the Korean War, 30 Jul 1950. ...

Nuclear engineering

Nuclear engineering is the practical application of the atomic nucleus gleaned from principles of nuclear physics and the interaction and maintenance of nuclear fission systems and components, specifically, nuclear reactors, nuclear power plants and/or nuclear weapons. ...

Ocean engineering

Ocean engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the design, analysis and operation of systems that operate in an oceanic environment. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Engine room of Argonaute, a French supply vessel. ...

Optical engineering

Optical engineering is the field of study which focuses on applications of optics. ...

Petroleum engineering

Petroleum Engineering is involved in the exploration and production activities of petroleum as an upstream end of the energy sector. ... Geophysical engineering combines geology, computer science, and physics to approach daily problems like water, energy, and natural resources. ... This article is about mineral extraction. ... Mining Engineering is a field that involves many of the other engineering disciplines as applied to extracting and processing minerals from a naturally occurring environment. ... Reservoir engineering is a branch of petroleum engineering, typically concerned with recovering the maximum amount of hydrocarbons with the minimum cost incurred. ...

Planetary engineering

Planetary engineering is the application of technology for the purpose of influencing the global properties of a planet. ...

Reverse engineering

Reverse engineering (RE) is the process of taking something (a device, an electrical component, a software program, etc. ...

Software engineering

Software engineering is the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software. ... Computer-aided Engineering analysis (often referred to as CAE) is the application of computer software in engineering to analyze the robustness and performance of components and assemblies. ... This article is an overview of cryptographic engineering which notes at least some of the differences between ordinary engineering and the cryptographic sort. ... Information Engineering (IE) or Information Engineering Methodology (IEM) is an approach to designing and developing information systems. ... The process of building knowledge-based systems is called knowledge engineering (KE). ... Language Engineering Building language processing systems whose cost and outputs are measurable and predictable. ... Release engineering, frequently abbreviated as releng, is a sub-discipline in software engineering concerned with the compilation, assembly and delivery of source code into finished products or other software components. ... Teletraffic engineers use their basic knowledge of statistics, the nature of traffic, their practical models, their measurements and simulations to make predictions and to plan telecommunication networks at minimum total cost. ... Usability engineering is a subset of human factors that is specific to computer science and is concerned with the question of how to design software that is easy to use. ... Web engineering deals with design, development and implementation of large-scale Web applications. ...

Social engineering

Social engineering has several meanings: Social engineering (political science) Social engineering (computer security) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Political engineering is a concept in political science that deals with the designing of political institutions in a society. ...

Stellar engineering

Stellar engineering is the practice of creating or modifying stars through artificial means. ...

Textile engineering

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

History of engineering

Main article: History of engineering

The National Academy of Engineering of America has produced a list of its top twenty engineering achievements of the century, ranging from electrification to developments in materials science. ... Chemical engineering as a discipline is a little over a hundred years old. ... This article details the history of the electrical engineering profession. ... Bold textItalic text Software engineering has evolved steadily from its founding days in the 1940s until today in the 2000s. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Roman military engineering is that Roman engineering carried out by the Roman Army - almost exclusively by the Roman legions for the furthering of military objectives. ...

Basic engineering concepts

In engineering, compensation is planning for side effects or other unintended issues in a design. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... In civil engineering, earthworks are engineering works created through the moving of massive quantities of soil or unformed stone. ... Exploratory engineering is a term coined by K. Eric Drexler to describe the process of designing and analyzing detailed hypothetical models of systems that are not feasible with current technologies or methods, but do seem to be clearly within the bounds of what science considers to be possible within the... A fastener is a hardware device that mechanically joins or affixes two or more objects together. ... Flexibility is used as an attribute of various types of systems. ... In software engineering, a freeze represents a point in time in the development process after which the rules for making changes to the source code or related resources become more strict. ... In engineering, a gate is a rotating or sliding structure, supported by hinges or by a rotating horizontal or vertical axis, that can be located at an extreme of a large pipe or canal in order to control the flow of water or any fluid from one side to the... Good Engineering Practice or GEP is applied to engineering and technical activities to ensure that a company manufactures products of the required quality as expected by the Regulatory Authorities. ... A hand tool is a device for doing a particular job that does not use a motor, but is powered solely by the person using it. ... A machine tool is a powered mechanical device, typically used to fabricate metal components of machines by the selective removal of metal. ... A variety of punches are used in engineering. ... Measurement is the determination of the size or magnitude of something. ... Various meters Measurement is the estimation of a physical quantity such as length, temperature, or time. ... material is the substance or matter from which something is or can be made, or also items needed for doing or creating something. ... Materials science includes those parts of chemistry and physics that deal with the properties of materials. ... A simple hurricane or seismic tie for use in stick construction A tie is any strong component designed to keep two objects closely linked together. ... Corrosion is deterioration of essential properties in a material due to reactions with its surroundings. ... All Saints Chapel in the Cathedral Basilica of St. ... Drawing is one way of making an image: it is the process of making marks on a surface by applying pressure from or moving a tool on the surface. ... Drawing involves the choice of one or more tools from a wide variety and the choice of a support appropriate to that tool in order to make marks. ... CAD is a TLA that may stand for: Cadiz Railroad (AAR reporting mark CAD) Canadian dollar – ISO 4217-code Capital Adequacy Directive Card Acceptance Device Children of the Anachronistic Dynasty Computer-aided design Computer-aided detection (medical) Computer-aided diagnosis (medical) Computer-assisted dispatch Computer-assisted drafting Coronary artery disease... Technical drawing, also known as drafting or draughting, is the practise of creating accurate representations of objects for technical, architecture and engineering drawings. ... In economics, business, and accounting, a cost is the value of inputs that have been used up to produce something, and hence are not available for use anymore. ... A micrograph image of Rhodococcus sp. ... Engineering, Procurement and Construction Industry (or EPC Industry) is some HR jargon that appears on job postings. ... Engineering economics, previously known as engineering economy, is a subset of economics for application to engineering projects. ... In engineering, some methods or components make special demands on the system. ... An engineering society is a professional organization for engineers of various disciplines. ... A defining characteristic of an engineering system is the presence of a social, policy, or managerial dimensions in a technical system. ... Look up Management in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For planning in AI see automated planning and scheduling Planning is the (psycholgical) process of thinking about the activities required to create a desired future on some scale. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Team building. ... Peopleware - Productive Projects and Teams is a popular 1987 book, written by software consultants Tom DeMarco and Timothy Lister, on the inside world of software developing teams, in a manner such as to highlight the real-world conflicting natures between individual work perspective and corporate ideology. ... Model Engineering is the hobby of constructing machines in miniature. ... Non-recurring engineering (NRE) refers to the one-time cost of researching, designing, and testing a new product. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... For the Talib Kweli album Quality (album) Quality can refer to a. ... The word validation has several uses: In general, validation is the process of checking if something satisfies a certain criterion. ... In engineering and manufacturing, quality control and quality engineering are involved in developing systems to ensure products or services are designed and produced to meet or exceed customer requirements. ... Retro-engineering can refer to either: Personalization, adaptation or retrofitting of a product or device that was not intended to be modified reverse engineering end user retro-engineering This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Risk analysis is the science of risks and their probability and evaluation. ... A systems engineering process is a process for applying systems engineering techniques to the development of all kinds of systems. ... Tolerance in Final Fantasy is an allowance, given as a permissible range, in the nominal dimension or value specification of a manufactured object. ... Traction usually refers to friction between a drive member and the surface it runs on, where friction is used to provide motion. ... Yield strength, or the yield point, is defined in engineering and materials science as the stress at which a material begins to plastically deform. ...

Education and certification

A Bachelor of Science (B.S., B.Sc. ... Certified Engineering Technologist is a Canadian professional title awarded on the basis of academic qualification and work experience. ... The term engineers degree may be used to represent a graduate academic degree intermediate in rank between a masters degree and a doctorate (U.S.), or it may also represent a higher (in total, 6-year) degree equivalent to or slightly more extensive than a masters degree... An Engineering Doctorate (EngD) is a postgraduate degree awarded by twenty universities[1] in the United Kingdom. ... Engineering education is the study of engineering systems and technology. ... Engineering Management Certification International (EMCI) is a professional body that provides professional certifications in Engineering Management. ... Engineering science and mechanics programs at universitites typically provide a multi- and interdisciplinary education. ... In the United States, the Fundamentals of Engineering exam (also known as the FE exam) is the first of two examinations engineers must pass in order to be certified as a professional engineer. ... Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an exam is the gateway for M.Tech. ...

Engineering scholars

Leaders in engineering

Engineering lists

Main article: List of engineering topics

This page aims to list all topics related to the broad field of engineering. ... The National Academy of Engineering of America has produced a list of its top twenty engineering achievements of the century, ranging from electrification to developments in materials science. ... For a list of engineers see: List of aerospace engineers List of chemical engineers List of civil engineers List of electrical engineers List of industrial engineers List of materials engineers List of mechanical engineers List of inventors List of architects List of urban planners List of scientists List of heroic... This page aims to list all articles related to the specific discipline of aerospace engineering. ... This page aims to list, alphabetically, all articles related to the specific discipline of electrical and electronics engineering. ... This is a listing of Electrical engineering topics and related terms. ... This page aims to list all topics related to the specific discipline of genetic engineering. ... This page aims to list all articles related to the specific discipline of mechanical engineering. ... This page aims to list all topics related to the specific discipline of nanoengineering. ... This page aims to list all topics related to the specific discipline of software engineering. ... This list complements the software engineering article, giving more details and examples. ...

See also

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In large construction projects, such as skyscrapers, cranes are essential. ... All Saints Chapel in the Cathedral Basilica of St. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ...

External links

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  • History of engineering

 
 

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