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Encyclopedia > List of aviation topics
Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A non-directional beacon (NDB) is a radio broadcast station in a known location, used as an aviation or marine navigational aid. ... Adverse yaw (or aileron drag) is a secondary effect of the application of the ailerons in aircraft. ... The Frecce Tricolori aerobatic team of the Italian Air Force, flying at the Royal International Air Tattoo, Fairford, England, in 2005 The UK Utterly Butterly display team perform an aerobatic maneuvre with their Boeing Stearmans Red Arrows Hawks in Concorde formation Aerobatics is the demonstration of flying maneuvers for recreation... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... An aeronautical chart is a map designed to assist in navigation of aircraft, much as nautical charts do for watercraft, or a roadmap for drivers. ... The Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) is the Federal Aviation Administrations official guide to basic flight information and ATC procedures. ... Six F-16 Fighting Falcons with the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds aerial demonstration team fly in delta formation in front of the Empire State Building. ... Look up aerospace in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Aerospace engineering is the branch of engineering that concerns aircraft, spacecraft, and related topics. ... For the band with a similar name, see The Ailerons Ailerons are hinged control surfaces attached to the trailing edge of the wing of a fixed-wing aircraft. ... Note: This article title may be easily confused with AirBand The airband or air band is the band of frequencies used for radio communication in aviation. ... Look up aircraft in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Aircraft engine controls provide a means for the pilot to control and monitor the operation of his aircrafts powerplant. ... Aircraft Maintenance Technicians are individuals certificated by the FAA and adhere to the guidelines and Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs) to keep aircraft airworthy. ... An Aircraft Maintenance Engineer (AME) is a person licenced to perform maintenance on an aircraft. ... This Cessna 150 displays the registration G-AVIT. The G- prefix denotes that it is registered in the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Airport (disambiguation). ... Various components of the airfoil. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft with the primary function of transporting paying passengers. ... The Airline Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL or ATP) is the highest level of aircraft pilot certification. ... The Airport/Facility Directory (abbreviated A/FD), in the U.S., is a pilot’s manual that provides comprehensive information on airports, large and small, and other aviation facilities and procedures. ... USS Akron (ZRS-4) in flight, November 2, 1931 An airship or dirigible is a buoyant aircraft that can be steered and propelled through the air. ... The UK Utterly Butterly wing-walking display team flying Boeing Stearman PT-17 biplanes An airshow is an event at which aviators display their flying skills and the capabilities of their flying machines to the crowd. ... The world’s navigable airspace is divided into three-dimensional segments, each of which is assigned to a specific class. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Airspeed Indicator The airspeed indicator is an instrument used in an aircraft to display the crafts airspeed, typically in knots, to the pilot. ... The term Air Charter is a catch all phrase that refers to the renting of an entire aircraft vs. ... North America is surrounded by an area called the Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ), which is jointly administered by the United States and Canada. ... The principles of air navigation are the same for all aircraft, big or small. ... Air safety is a broad term encompassing the theory, investigation and categorization of flight failures, and the prevention of such failures through appropriate regulation, as well as through education and training. ... Air Traffic Control Towers (ATCTs) at Amsterdams Schiphol Airport (Netherlands) Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and in the air. ... The Air traffic controllers strike of 1981 began on August 3, 1981. ... Air Traffic Flow Management (usually seen abbreviated as ATFM) is the regulation of air traffic in order to avoid exceeding airport or air traffic control capacity in handling traffic, and to ensure that available capacity is used efficiently. ... Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (also called ADS-B) is a system by which airplanes constantly broadcast their current position and altitude, category of aircraft, airspeed, identification, and whether the aircraft is turning, climbing or descending over a dedicated radio datalink. ... Automatic Terminal Information Service, or ATIS, is a continuous broadcast of recorded noncontrol information in busier terminal (i. ... Diagram showing the face of a three-pointer sensitive aircraft altimeter displaying altitude in feet. ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... Angel Flight is a non-profit organization in the United States and in Australia, British Columbia, Canada that helps arrange free, non-emergency transportation for patients who require medical treatment but can not afford to pay for a commercial flight. ... In this diagram, the black arrow represents the direction of the wind. ... Fig. ... In geometry, the dihedral is the angle between two planes. ... This article or section should be merged with Attitude indicator The term Artificial Horizon is used to describe devices that can indicate the position of the horizon when it is not possible to see the actual horizon. ... The low aspect ratio wing of a Piper PA-28 Cherokee In aerodynamics, the aspect ratio is an airplanes wings span divided by its standard mean chord (SMC). ... Any system for helping aircraft into the air (as opposed to strictly under its own power), is known as assisted take off. ... Attitude indicator (with integrated localizer and glideslope indicators) Drawing An attitude indicator (AI) or artificial horizon is an instrument used in an aircraft to inform the pilot of the orientation of the airplane relative to the ground. ... An autopilot is a mechanical, electrical, or hydraulic system used to guide a vehicle without assistance from a human being. ... Aviation refers to flying using aircraft, machines designed by humans for atmospheric flight. ... Aviation archaeology, also known as aerospace archaeology or wreck chasing, is a hobby actively practiced throughout the world by both outdoor recreationists and academics in pursuit of finding, documenting, recovering, and preserving sites important in aviation history. ... Icarus and Daedalus Humanitys desire to fly likely dates to the first time prehistoric man observed birds, an observation illustrated in the legendary story of Daedalus and Icarus. ... An Aviation Medical Examiner (AME), in the United States, is a physician designated by the FAA and given the authority to perform physical examinations and issue airman medical certificates. ... Aviation noise is a form of environmental noise. ... During the 1920s, the first laws were passed in the USA to regulate civil aviation. ... The Aviation System can be broadly divided into four areas: IFR Special VFR VFR Uncontrolled airspace See also: Air traffic control, VOR, List of aviation topics ... For other uses, see Aviator (disambiguation). ... The onboard electronics used for piloting an aircraft are called avionics (AVI-ation electr-ONICS). ...

B

A balloon is a type of aircraft that remains aloft due to its buoyancy. ... F16 after a bird strike A bird strike (sometimes birdstrike, bird hit, or BASH (bird aircraft strike hazard)) in aviation, is a collision between an airborne animal (most often a bird, but also sometimes another species) and a man made vehicle, especially aircraft. ... A blast pad or a runway is a surface built behind the beginning of a runway designed to lessen the effects of jet blast on the area directly behind it. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Airship. ... In aeronautical engineering, and jet engine design in particular, bypass ratio is a common measurement that compares the amount of air deliberately blown past the engine to that moving through the core. ...

C

This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The center-of-gravity (CG) is the point at which an aircraft would balance if it were possible to suspend it at that point. ... Cross section of an airfoil showing chord In reference to aircraft, chord refers to the distance between the front and back of a wing, measured in the direction of the normal airflow. ... At an airfield, the circuit is a conventional standard path for coordinating air traffic that is taking off and landing, as opposed to a practice of so-called straight in approaches and direct climb outs. It is usually employed at small general aviation (GA) airfields, though it is also used... Civil Air Patrol seal The Civil Air Patrol (CAP) is the official civilian auxiliary of the United States Air Force (USAF). ... The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) is the name for the national body governing civil aviation in a number of countries. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In aircraft, the flight data recorder (FDR) and the cockpit voice recorder (CVR) are used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents, and are usually called black boxes by the news media. ... The coefficient of lift is a number associated with a particular shape of an aerofoil, and is incorporated in the lift equation to predict the lift force generated by a wing using this particular cross section. ... A Commercial Pilot License (properly called a certificate in the U.S.) allows the holder to operate aircraft for compensation and hire. ... For the tool used to draw circles, see Compass (drafting). ... Controlled airspace exists in areas where air traffic control is capable of providing traffic separation. ... CTAF, or Common Traffic Advisory Frequency, is the name given to a VHF radio frequency used at U.S. airports which do not have an active or on-site control tower, such as when some major airports close their tower overnight. ... Controlled Visual Flight Rules (CVFR) are a set of aviation regulations under which a pilot may operate an aircraft which are similar to Visual flight rules (VFR). ... A crab landing is method of landing an airplane in a crosswind. ... The term Air Charter is a catch all phrase that refers to the renting of an entire aircraft vs. ...

D

Deep stall is a dangerous condition that affects certain aircraft designs, notably those with a T-tail configuration. ... The delta-wing is a wing planform in the form of a triangle. ... In geometry, the dihedral is the angle between two planes. ... D-VOR/DME ground station Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) is a transponder-based radio navigation technology that measures distance by timing the propagation delay of VHF or UHF radio signals. ... An object falling through a gas or liquid experiences a force in direction opposite to its motion. ... A ducted fan is an arrangement of a propeller-driven aircraft where the propeller is mounted inside the fuselage, within a duct. ... Dutch roll is one of an aircrafts flight dynamic modes (others include phugoid, short period, and spiral divergence). ...

E

For other meanings of elevator see Elevator (disambiguation). ... Elevons at the wing trailing edge are used for pitch and roll control of the F-117A Nighthawk ( best seen by clicking on the picture). ... Emergency position-indicating rescue beacons (EPIRB), also called Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT) or Personal Locator Beacon, are small radio transmitters that some satellites and search and rescue aircraft can use to locate people, boats and aircraft needing rescue. ... Empennage is an aviation term used to describe the tail portion of an aircraft. ... In generic use, an experimental aircraft is an aircraft that has not yet been fully proven in flight. ... EUROCONTROL is the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation, an international organisation whose primary objective is the development of a seamless, pan-European Air Traffic Management (ATM) system. ...

F

  FAA redirects here. ... A Fixed Base Operator (also known as Fixed Base of Operation), or FBO, is a service center at an airport that may be a private enterprise or may be a department of the municipality that the airport serves. ... A flame holder is a component of a jet engine designed to help maintain continual combustion. ... Flaps are hinged surfaces on the trailing edge of an airplane wing which, when deployed, increase the lift (and drag) of a wing by changing the camber of the airfoil. ... Flight is the process by which a heavier-than-air animal or object achieves sustained movement either through the air by aerodynamically generating lift or aerostatically using buoyancy, or movement beyond earths atmosphere, in the case of spaceflight. ... Aircraft flight controls allow a pilot to adjust and control the aircrafts flight attitude. ... An example of a Flight Data Recorder The flight data recorder (FDR) is a flight recorder used to record specific aircraft performance parameters. ... Six basic instruments in a light twin-engine airplane arranged in the basic-T. From top left: airspeed indicator, attitude indicator, altimeter, turn coordinator, heading indicator, and vertical speed indicator Most aircraft are equipped with a standard set of flight instruments which give the pilot information about the aircrafts... In aviation, a flight level is the nominal altitude of an aircraft referenced to a standard pressure datum, as opposed to the real altitude above mean sea level. ... A Flight Managment System is a little computer onboard almost every aircraft that will guide the aircraft to it designated destination. ... Flight plans are plans filed by pilots with the local Aviation Authority (e. ... A Tarom Boeing 737-300 and a United Airlines Boeing 777-200 taxi side by side at London Heathrow Airport. ... Interior cockpit of a modern flight simulator A flight simulator is a system that tries to replicate, or simulate, the experience of flying an aircraft as closely and realistically as possible. ... Flight training is a course of study used when learning to pilot an aircraft. ... A flight control system consists of the flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkage, and necessary operating mechanisms to control aircraft in flight The basic fundamentals of aircraft controls has been explained in aeronautics. ... This article concerns the process of flying. ... The Flying Car The Waterman Aerobile at the Smithsonian. ... Flying Families is an organisation for General Aviation pilots. ... A Northrop YB-49 flying wing. ... In aerodynamics, form drag, profile drag, or pressure drag, is a component of parasitic drag. ...

G

General aviation (abbr. ... A Glass cockpit is an aircraft cockpit that features electronic instrument displays. ... Gliders or Sailplanes are heavier-than-air aircraft primarily intended for unpowered flight. ... In most countries it is required to obtain a glider pilot license (GPL) before acting as pilot of a glider. ... A modern glider crossing the finish line of a competition at high speed. ... A go around, overshoot or missed approach is an aborted landing of an aircraft which is on final approach. ... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ... The great-circle distance is the shortest distance between any two points on the surface of a sphere measured along a path on the surface of the sphere (as opposed to going through the spheres interior). ...

H

The heading indicator (or HI) is an instrument used in an aircraft to inform the pilot of his heading. ... A hold is an aeronautical maneuver that keeps an aircraft in a predetermined safe area while waiting for a clearance, weather, traffic, or any other delays. ...

I

It has been suggested that Air traffic control#Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) be merged into this article or section. ... The Localizer station at Hanover/Langenhagen International Airport in Hanover, Germany. ... Instrument Rating refers to the qualifications that a pilot must have in order to fly under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR). ... Aircraft display an Indicated Airspeed (abbreviated IAS) on an instrument called an airspeed indicator. ... The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organisation of airlines headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, develops the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ... The Integrated Engine Pressure Ratio (IEPR) is the ratio of the pressure at the core engine exhaust and fan discharge pressure compared to the intake pressure to the gas turbine engine. ...

J

A Pratt and Whitney turbofan engine for the F-15 Eagle is tested at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia, USA. The tunnel behind the engine muffles noise and allows exhaust to escape. ... A Jetway, jet bridge or aerobridge/airbridge is a moveable bridge, normally enclosed, which extends from an airport terminal gate allowing passengers to board an airplane without having to go outside. ... Joystick elements: 1. ...

L

MyTravel Airways Airbus A320 landing Landing is the last part of a flight, where a flying animal or aircraft returns to the ground. ... Two F/A-18 Hornets on the carrier deck. ... The lift force, lifting force or simply lift consists of the sum of all the fluid dynamic forces on a body perpendicular to the direction of the external flow approaching that body. ... In aerodynamics, lift-induced drag, or induced drag, is a drag force which occurs whenever a lifting body or a wing of finite span generates lift. ... Light-sport aircraft, or LSA, is a classification of aircraft in the United States. ...

M

Maintenance see repair and maintenance Maintenance is a legal term of art that is used to describe child support and alimony (also called spousal support). ... METAR is a format for reporting weather information. ... Satellite image of Hurricane Hugo with a polar low visible at the top of the image. ... Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul or MRO is a multbillion dollar industry which works on international authorization rules to deliver a safe airline operation and to assure reliability and availability of customer fleets. ...

N

FAA radiotelephony phonetic alphabet and Morse code chart. ... A non-directional beacon (NDB) is a radio broadcast station in a known location, used as an aviation or marine navigational aid. ... An non-towered airport is an airport with no operating tower, or air traffic control unit. ... Table of geography, hydrography, and navigation, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ...

O

Aerobatic team performs at EAA AirVenture The Oshkosh Airshow (officially EAA AirVenture Oshkosh) is an annual gathering of aviation enthusiasts held each summer at Wittman Regional Airport in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. ...

P

In aerodynamics, the performance envelope of an aircraft refers to the capabilies of a design in terms of speed and altitude. ... Pilot Controlled Lighting (PCL), also known as Aircraft Radio Control of Aerodrome Lighting (ARCAL) or Pilot Activated Lighting (PAL), is a technical system by which aircraft pilots can control the lighting of an airport or airfields runways and taxiways via radio. ... Pilot licences (in the United States, certificates) are issued by national aviation authorities, and establish that the holder has been trained by a qualified instructor and has met a specific set of knowledge and experience requirements. ... Pilot licences (in the United States, certificates) are issued by national aviation authorities, and establish that the holder has been trained by a qualified instructor and has met a specific set of knowledge and experience requirements. ... A Pilot Report (PIREP) is a report of weather conditions encountered by an aircraft during a flight. ... The Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI) is a light system positioned beside the runway that consists of two, three, or four boxes of lights that provide a visual indication of an airplanes position on the glidepath for the associated runway. ... A Private Pilot License (or, in the United States, a certificate) permits the holder to operate an aircraft, initially only under visual flight rules. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A Germanwings A319 during pushback. ...

Q

QFE is a three letter acronym which can have meanings in aviation, in software development, and in internet usage. ... QNH is a Q code. ...

R

This long range Radar antenna, known as ALTAIR, is used to detect and track space objects in conjunction with ABM testing at the Ronald Reagan Test Site on the Kwajalein atoll[1]. Radar is a system that uses radio waves to determine and map the location, direction, and/or speed... Components of a typical, four stroke cycle, DOHC piston engine. ... In aeronautical engineering, relaxed stability refers to airplanes with no inherent natural stability, at least at low speeds. ... F/A-18F at RIAT 2004. ... Norman Bel Geddes flying car design (concept model), 1945 In the 1950s, the western world was recovering from World War II and everything seemed possible. ... The Rogallo wing (invented by and named for Francis Rogallo) is a simple, inexpensive flying wing with remarkable properties. ... Stern-mounted steering oar of an Egyptian riverboat depicted in the Tomb of Menna (c. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

S

In United States aviation, a sectional chart is a type of aeronautical chart designed for navigation under Visual Flight Rules. ... Spatial disorientation is a condition in which an aircraft pilots perception of up-and-down (proprioception) does not agree with reality. ... This article is about the convenience store. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This KLM cityhopper Fokker 70 still has its spoilers/airbrakes deployed (the cream-coloured panels projecting above the top surface of the wing) after landing at Bristol International Airport, England. ... Slats are small aerodynamic surfaces on the leading edge of an airplane wing which, when deployed, allow the wing to operate at a higher angle of attack. ... A slip landing is a technique for landing an airplane in a crosswind. ... Specific fuel consumption, often shortened to SFC, is an engineering term that is used to describe the fuel efficiency of an engine design w/ a mechanical output. ... In the U.S., a Sport Pilot Certificate allows the pilot to operate a light-sport aircraft (a small, low-powered aircraft), under a limited set of flight conditions. ... In aerodynamics, a stall is a condition in which an excessive angle of attack causes loss of lift due to disruption of airflow. ... A stick shaker is a mechanical device connected to the controls of an airliner (also other types of aircraft such as bizjets) in order to warn the pilots that they are close to stalling the aircraft. ... In the U.S., a student pilot certificate is issued to a pilot in training, and is a pre-requisite for the student to fly alone in the aircraft, or solo. ... The Swedish Civil Aviation Administration, or Luftfartsverket is a Swedish Government Agency, which regulates and oversees all aspects of aviation in Sweden. ... A swing-wing is a wing configuration that allows it to alter its planform for various flight conditions. ...

T

In aircraft a T-tail is an arrangement of the tail control surfaces with the horizontal surfaces (tailplane and elevators) mounted to the top of the fin, rather than the more common location on the fuselage at the base of the fin. ... Taking Off is a song by the British goth pop band The Cure. ... Taxiing refers to an airplane moving under its own power on the ground, usually on wheels, but also includes aircraft with skis or floats (for water-based travel). ... A taxiway is a strip of land on an airport on which aircraft can roll (taxi) to or from a hangar, terminal, runway, or other facility. ... In United States and Canadian aviation, Terminal Area Charts (TACs) are aeronautical charts intended for navigation under Visual Flight Rules that depict areas surrounding major airports (primarily those with Class B airspace. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... True airspeed (TAS) is the speed of an aircraft relative to the airmass in which it flies, i. ... In aviation, the turn and bank indicator shows both the rate of turn and the coordination of the turn. ...

U

An non-towered airport is an airport with no operating tower, or air traffic control unit. ... Uncontrolled airspace exists wherever a control service cant be provided for whatever reason, or is not deemed necessary, many of them are above mountains or oceans. ...

V

The V-tail of a Belgian Air Force Fouga Magister In aircraft, a V-tail (sometimes called a butterfly tail) is an unconventional arrangement of the tail control surfaces that replaces the traditional fin and horizontal surfaces with two surfaces set in a V-shaped configuration when viewed from the... A variometer (also known as a rate-of-climb indicator, a vertical speed indicator (VSI), or a vertical velocity indicator (VVI)) is an instrument in an aircraft used to inform the pilot of the rate of descent or climb. ... The vertical stabilizer or fin of an aircraft is found on its tail, generally pointing straight upward. ... Visual flight rules (VFR) are a set of aviation regulations under which a pilot may operate an aircraft in weather conditions sufficient to allow the pilot, by visual reference to the environment outside the cockpit, to control the aircrafts attitude, navigate, and maintain safe separation from obstacles such as... An aircrafts Vne is the velocity that should never be exceeded. ... D-VOR (Doppler VOR) ground station, co-located with DME. VOR, short for VHF Omni-directional Radio Range, is a type of radio navigation system for aircraft. ... V speeds are speeds that define certain performance and limiting characteristics of an aircraft. ...

W

A waverider is a hypersonic aircraft design that improves its supersonic lift-to-drag ratio by producing a lifting surface built out of the shock waves being generated by its own flight, a technique known as compression lift. ... Wind shear is a difference in wind speed or direction between two points in the atmosphere. ... A Laughing Gull with its wings extended in a gull wing profile Aircraft wing planform shapes: a swept wing KC-10 Extender (top) refuels a trapezoid-wing F/A-22 Raptor A wing is a surface used to produce lift and therefore flight, for travel in the air or another... Aircraft may be affected by a number of ground effects, aerodynamic effects due to a flying bodys proximity to the ground. ... The McDonnell Douglas MD-11 was the first mainline airliner to feature winglets. ... A World Aeronautical Chart is a type of aeronautical chart used for navigation by pilots flying primarily moderate speed aircraft. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
index (2767 words)
At first aviation development was motivated by the large prizes put up by publicity-seeking newspapers; but the outbreak of World War I in 1914 provided far greater motivation for aviation research and development (see air forces.
The cessation of hostilities made available a large number of aircraft that could be bought cheaply, and the result was a great deal of aviation activity; barnstorming and stunt-flying kept aviation before the eyes of the public for a time, but the real stimulus was the initiation of airmail service in the mid-1920s.
General Aviation is a term comprising all of aviation other than military and scheduled air transport (airlines), and includes privately owned aircraft, charter services, business owned aircraft, such as "bizjets," and many more types of working aircraft that are not, strictly speaking, for transportation.
aviation: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (4036 words)
Aviation also applies to the mode of travel provided by aircraft as carriers of passengers and cargo, and as such is part of the total transportation system.
Military aviation includes all forms of aviation in military activities, and air-transport aviation is primarily the operation of commercial airlines essentially as a public utility for the movement of persons and commodities.
General aviation includes any flight that is not military and does not fly on a regular schedule, ranging from a recreational flight in a hang glider to a non-scheduled cargo flight in a Boeing 747.
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