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Encyclopedia > List of World War II topics

Contents


Military engagements

For military topics (land, naval, and air engagements as well as campaigns, operations, defensive lines and sieges), please see List of military engagements of World War II. German soldiers during the Battle of Stalingrad. ...


Political and social aspects of the war

World War II may be one of the most complicated conflicts in history and it is therefore difficult to explain its origin. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Copenhagen Headquarters of the Schalburgerkorps, a Danish SS unit, after 1943 Germanys occupation of Denmark was commenced by Operation Weserübung April 9, 1940, and lasted until the German forces were withdrawn at the end of World War II following their surrender to Allied forces. ... Preamble to the War During the period between the first and second World Wars the Netherlands, like other countries, suffered from the effects of the Great Depression after the Stock market crash of 1929. ... -1... Shortly after World War I the Gold Star Mothers Club was formed in the United States to provide support for mothers that lost sons or daughters in the war. ... The United States retained a fully civilian democratic government structure throughout World War II. Certain expediencies were taken, but on the whole, the basic structure and function of the Federal government remained unchanged by the war. ...

Production and logistics

The Axis lost, at least partly because the Allies, after the USA's and the Soviet Union's entrance into the war, had greater productive resources, and were able to turn these resources into greater numbers of soldiers and weapons than the Axis. This was further compounded by the comparative lack of equipment standardization among the Axis forces and its failure to use its large territorial (and associated resources) gains in an economy on war footing. For instance Nazi Germany was the only war economy which largely didn't make use of the labour of women.

Military production during World War II was a critical component to victory during the war. ... This page details tank production by the United States of America during World War II. Light tanks Stuart series The USA began 1940 with the M1 and M2 Combat Cars (later designated M1 Light Tank). ... This article lists German AFV production during World War II. Where figures for production in 1939 are given, they refer to September 1939 onwards; that is, they only count wartime production. ... This article lists Soviet tank production during World War II. Light tanks The SU-76 was a 76 mm gun mounted on a lengthened version of the T-70 chassis. ... World War II aircraft production by country and year. ... Categories: World War II American equipment ...

Common military awards

Soviet Union

In Soviet Union orders and medals were also awarded to cities and military divisions. Hero of the Soviet Union (Russian: Геро́й Сове́тского Сою́за, transliterated as Geroy Sovetskogo Soyuza) was the highest honorary title and the superior degree of distinction of the former Soviet Union. ... The Order of Lenin (ru: Орден Ленина), named after the leader of the Russian Revolution, was the second highest national order of the Soviet Union (Highest was the Order of Victory). ... The Order of Suvorov (Russian Орден Суворова) is a Soviet award, named after Aleksandr Suvorov, was established on July 29, 1942 (during World War II) by a Decision of the Presidium of Supreme Soviet of the USSR. The medal was created to award army personnel for exceptional duty in combat operations. ... The Order of the October Revolution was instituted on October 31, 1967, in time for the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution. ... The Soviet government of Russia established the Order of the Battle Red Banner, better-known as the Order of the Red Banner (in Russian: Орден Крaсного Знамени Orden Krasnogo Znameni) on September 16, 1918 during the Russian Civil War. ... The Order of Victory (Russian: Орден Победы) was the highest military decoration in the Soviet Union, and one of the rarest orders in the world. ...


United States

The Medal of Honor (Sometimes refered to as the Congressional Medal of Honor) [1] is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... The Silver Star is a United States military decoration and is the third highest medal for valor. ... The Bronze Star Medal is a United States Armed Forces individual military decoration and is the fourth highest award for bravery, heroism or meritorious service. ... The Distinguished Flying Cross. ... The Air Medal is a military decoration of the United States which was established by Executive Order 9158, signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, on May 11, 1942. ... WWII Victory Medal The World War II Victory Medal is a decoration of the United States military which was created by an act of Congress in July 1945. ... The Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal is a service decoration of the Second World War which was awarded to any member of the United States military who served in the Pacific Theater from 1941 to 1945. ... The European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal is a miliary decoration of the United States armed forces which was first created in 1942 by Executive Order of President Franklin Roosevelt. ... American Campaign Medal The American Campaign Medal was a decoration of the United States military which was first created in 1942 by order of President Franklin Roosevelt. ...

United Kingdom

Victoria Cross medal, ribbon, and bar. ... The Air Force Cross is a military decoration awarded to personnel of the United Kingdom Armed Forces, and formerly also to officers of the other Commonwealth countries, for an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying, though not in active operations against the enemy. The... Military Badge of the Order of the Bath The Most Honourable Order of the Bath is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. ... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is an order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions, in decreasing order of seniority: Knight or Dame Grand... UK DFC medal The Distinguished Flying Cross is a military decoration awarded to personnel of the United Kingdoms Royal Air Force and other services, and formerly to officers of other Commonwealth countries, for an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations... Africa Star Medal The Africa Star was a decoration of the British Empire that was issued between 1939 and 1945 for service in the North African theater of the Second World War. ... Pacific Star The Pacific Star was a decoration of the British Empire which was awarded during the years of the Second World War. ...

France and Belgium

The Croix de guerre is a military decoration of both Belgium and France which was first created in 1915. ...

Poland

This is an article about the Polish military decoration. ... The Order of Polonia Restituta is a Polish Order (decoration), established on February 4, 1921. ... Order of Virtuti Militari The Order of Virtuti Militari (Latin: For Military Valor) is Polands highest military decoration for valor in the face of the enemy. ...

Nazi Germany

A stylized version of the Iron Cross, the logo of the German Armed Forces The Iron Cross (German: Eisernes Kreuz) is a military decoration of the Kingdom of Prussia, and later of Germany, which was established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and first awarded on 10 March 1813. ...

See also

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Womens Land Army was an organisation created in World War II in the UK to work in agriculture. ... Operation Chastise was the official name for the attacks on German dams on May 17, 1943 in World War II using a specially developed bouncing bomb. The attack was carried out by Royal Air Force No. ... The Continuation War was fought between Finland and the Soviet Union during World War II, from the Soviet bombing attacks on June 25, 1941, to cease-fire September 4, 1944 (on the Finnish side) and September 5 (on the Soviet side). ... The Deutsches Afrikakorps (often just Afrika Korps or DAK) was the corps-level headquarters controlling the German Panzer divisions in Libya and Egypts Western Desert during the North African Campaign of World War II. Since there was little turnover in the units attached to the corps the term is... Shoulder sleeve patch of the 1st Special Service Force. ... Rosie the Riveter: We Can Do It! - Many women first found economic strength in World War II-era manufacturing jobs. ... The Free French Forces (Forces Françaises Libres in French) were French fighters in World War II, who decided to continue fighting against Axis forces after the surrender of France and German occupation, following the call of General De Gaulle, and the de jure government (Free French Government) of France... Generalplan Ost (GPO) was a Nazi plan to realize Hitlers new order of ethnographical relations in the territories occupied in Eastern Europe during World War II. It was prepared in 1941 and confirmed in 1942. ... The Deaths Head emblem similar to Skull and crossbones, often used as the insignia of the Gestapo The (help· info) (contraction of Geheime Staatspolizei; secret state police) was the official secret police of Nazi Germany. ... Concentration camp inmates during the Holocaust The Holocaust was Nazi Germanys systematic genocide (ethnic cleansing) of various ethnic, religious, national, and secular groups during World War II. Early elements include the Kristallnacht pogrom and the T-4 Euthanasia Program established by Hitler that killed some 200,000 people. ... Italian aircraft production 1935 to 1945. ... History -- Military history -- War -- History of Germany -- History of Finland -- World War II The Lapland War is a name used for the hostilities between Finland and Germany between September 1944 and April 1945. ... Operation Shingle (January 22, 1944), during the Italian Campaign of World War II, was an Allied amphibious landing against Axis forces in the area of Anzio and Nettuno, Italy. ... Poland: First to Fight (poster, 1939). ... The Potsdam Agreement, or the Potsdam Proclamation, was an agreement on policy for the occupation and reconstruction of Germany and other nations after fighting in the European Theatre of World War II had ended with the German surrender of May 8, 1945. ... The pursuit of Nazi collaborators refers to the post-WWII pursuit and apprehension of individuals who were not citizens of the Third Reich at the outbreak of World War II and collaborated with the Nazi regime during the war. ... The Second Sino-Japanese War was a major invasion of eastern China by Japan preceding and during World War II. It ended with the surrender of Japan in 1945. ... Rector of the Jagiellonian University, Tadeusz Lehr-Spławiński Sonderaktion Krakau - is the codename for a German action against scientists from the University of Kraków and other Kraków universities at the beginning of World War II. It was carried out as a part of the plan to... The Special Operations Executive (SOE), sometimes referred to as the Baker Street Irregulars after Sherlock Holmess fictional group of spies, was a World War II organisation initiated by Winston Churchill and Hugh Dalton in July 1940 as a mechanism for conducting warfare by means other than direct military engagement. ... For events preceding September 1, 1939, see the timeline of events preceding World War II. 1939 September September 1, 1939 The Polish September Campaign begins as Poland is attacked by Germany at 4:30 am with Luftwaffe air attacks against several targets. ... A world war is a military conflict affecting the majority of the worlds major nations. ...

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