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Encyclopedia > List of United States television networks

In the United States, analog over-the-air television channels are numbered 2 through 69, and occupy the following frequencies:

  • 54-88 MHz (Channels 2-6)
  • 174-216 MHz (Channels 7-13)
  • 470-806 MHz (Channels 14-69)

See list of local television stations in North and Central America.

Contents

English-language American commercial over-the-air television networks

...additionally, several of the cable-oriented shopping channels have obtained broadcast clearances, usually on low-power stations, in many markets. Among these are Home Shopping Network or HSN, and ShopNBC.


The WB, UPN and PAX are sometimes called "netlets" because they do not currently have the affiliate reach of the larger networks. UATV and America-1 are even smaller networks, many of whose affiliates take their program offers out of pattern, which is to say they schedule them at their own convenience. Several of the religious broadcasting networks also have out-of-pattern clearance arrangement with their broadcast affiliates, notably FamilyNet, Trinity Broadcasting Network, and World Harvest Television. And, of course, the Public Broadcasting Service also allows its member stations to run their programs out of pattern.

Television Network Abbreviation Founded % of U.S. Households Reached # of Households Viewable Type of Network # of affiliates
National Broadcasting Company NBC 1946* 97.17 103,624,370 Commercial 207
Columbia Broadcasting System CBS 1946* 96.98 103,421,270 Commercial 204
American Broadcasting Company ABC 1946* 96.75 103,179,600 Commercial 201
Fox Broadcasting Company FOX 1986 96.18 102,565,710 Commercial 179
Public Broadcasting Service PBS 1969 Educational 349
United Paramount Network UPN 1995 85.98 91,689,290 Commercial 180
Warner Brothers Network The WB 1995 84.66 90,282,480 Commercial 177
Pax Network PAX 1998 74.25 79,185,730 Commerc./Relig. 94
Trinity Broadcasting Network TBN 1973 32.9 35,084,970 Religious 61
  • Although ABC, NBC, and CBS were founded prior to 1946, they did not begin continuous over the air TV broadcasting until that year.


Nicknames of major American networks are as follows:

  • ABC: "Alphabet network"
  • NBC: "Peacock network" (after the network's peacock logo)
  • CBS: "Tiffany network" or "Eye network" (for the network's high-toned reputation and eye logo, respectively)
  • WB: "Frog network" (after network mascot Michigan J. Frog)

Non-English language American commercial over-the-air television networks

American non-commercial television networks

Public/cultural/educational noncommercial

  • Public Broadcasting System (PBS) (public broadcasting)
  • Deutsche Welle (DW TV) A German noncommercial television service which provides some English-language news programming to public broadcasting stations, and whose programming feed can be seen on a small number of independent public-broadcasting stations for part of their broadcast day.

Religious

Defunct American television networks

  • American Independent Network - commercial network, predecessor to UATV
  • DuMont Television Network - commercial network, 1946 - 1956
  • National Educational Television (NET) - Educational network, 1952 - 1969, predecessor to PBS
  • Overmyer Network - commercial network, 1967; also the United Network, not to be confused with UPN.
  • Spanish International Network (SIN) - non-English language commercial network, 1961 - 1986, predecessor to Univision
  • Channel America - first commercial network intentionally made up of low-power stations, a model for Pax and AIN/UATV, and the predecessor of America One.

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
List of United States over-the-air television networks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1139 words)
In the United States, for most of the history of broadcasting, there were only four major national broadcasting networks.
In the case of the smallest networks, the signal may be sent to just a dozen or fewer stations.
Deutsche Welle (DW TV) A German noncommercial television service which provides some English-language news programming to public broadcasting stations, and whose programming feed can be seen on a small number of independent public-broadcasting stations for part of their broadcast day.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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