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Encyclopedia > List of Taoists
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Taoism


Taoism (Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical and religious traditions and concepts. ... Image File history File links Yin_yang. ...


Fundamentals
Tao · De · Xiulian This article is about the Chinese character and the philosophy it represents. ... De (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: te) is a key concept in Chinese philosophy, usually translated inherent character; inner power; integrity in Daoism, moral character; virtue; morality in Confucianism and other contexts, and quality; virtue (guna) or merit; virtuous deeds (punya) in Chinese Buddhism. ...

Prominent Taoists
Laozi · Zhuangzi
Zhang Daoling · Zhang Jiao
Ge Hong · Chen Tuan
Wang Chongyang Laozi (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Lao Tzu; also Lao Tse, Laotze, Lao Zi, and in other ways) was an ancient Chinese philosopher. ... Zhuangzi (Traditional: 莊子; Simplified: 庄子, Pinyin: Zhuāng Zǐ, Wade-Giles: Chuang Tzŭ, lit. ... Celestial Master Zhang Daoling Zhang Daoling (Chang Tao-ling), aka Zhang Ling. ... Zhang Jiao or Zhang Jue (140-188) (Simplified Chinese: 张角; Traditional Chinese: 張角; Pinyin: Zhāng Jiǎo or Zhāng Jué) was the leader of the Yellow Turbans during the period of the late Eastern Han Dynasty in China. ... Ge Hong(葛洪) (284-364, also known as Zhichuan) was a minor southern official during the Jin dynasty (263-420), best known for his interest in Daoism, alchemy, and techniques of longevity. ... Chen Tuan (陳摶) (birthname: Chen Tuan, name as a sage: Chen Hsi I, Chen Xi Yi) (871-989) was a legendary Taoist sage. ... Wang Chongyang (11 January 1113 – 22 January 1170) [Chinese calendar: 宋徽宗政和二年十二月廿二 – 金世宗大定十年正月初四] (Traditional Chinese: 王重陽; Simplified Chinese: 王重阳; pinyin: Wáng Chóngyáng) was a Song Dynasty Taoist who was one of the founders of Quanzhen Taoism in the twelfth century. ...

Deities and Immortals
Three Pure Ones
Jade Emperor · Xi Wangmu
Eight Immortals Look up deity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Xian (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: hsien) is a Chinese word for an enlightened person, translatable in English as: spiritually immortal; transcendent; super-human; celestial being (in Daoist/Taoist philosophy and cosmology) physically immortal; immortal person; immortalist; saint (in Daoist religion and pantheon) alchemist; one who seeks the elixir of life... The Three Pure Pellucid Ones (Chinese: 三清; Cantonese: Sarm Tsing; Mandarin: San-ching), also translated as The Three Pure Ones, The Three Clarities, or The Three Purities, are the three highest Taoist deities. ... The Jade Emperor (Chinese: ; pinyin: or 玉帝 Yù Dì), known informally by children and others as Heavenly Grandfather (天公 Tiān Gōng) and known formally as the Pure August Jade Emperor or August Personage of Jade (玉皇上帝 Yu Huang Shangdi or 玉皇大帝 Yu Huang Dadi), is the ruler of Heaven according to Chinese... Xi Wangmu (西王母), in Chinese mythology, literally Queen Mother of the West, is the ruler of the western paradise and goddess of immortality. ... The Eight Immortals crossing the sea, from Myths and Legends of China, 1922 by E. T. C. Werner. ...

Main Sects
Quanzhen School
Tianshi Dao
Zhengyi Dao
Shangqing School
Lingbao School
the Quanzhen School is an important school in Chinese Taoism. ... Tianshi Dao (Simplified Chinese:天师道, Traditional Chinese: 天師道, pinyin: Tiān Shī Dào) or Way of the Celestial Masters is a Chinese Daoist movement that was founded by Zhang Daoling in 142 CE. At its height, the movement controlled a theocratic state in Sichuan. ... The Shangqing School (Chinese:上清) is a Daoist movement that began during in the aristocracy of the Western Jin dynasty. ... Lingbao refers to a branch of Taoism that originated in the late 4th century CE. Lingbao can be translated as numinous gem or spiritual treasure. ...

Taoist Texts
Tao Te Ching · Zhuangzi
Daozang The Tao Te Ching (道德經, Pinyin: D Jīng, thus sometimes rendered in recent works as Dao De Jing; archaic pre-Wade-Giles rendering: Tao Teh Ching; roughly translated as The Book of the Way and its Virtue (see dedicated chapter below on translating the title)) is... Zhuangzi (Traditional: 莊子; Simplified: 庄子, Pinyin: Zhuāng Zǐ, Wade-Giles: Chuang TzÅ­, lit. ... The Daozang (Daoist Cannon) consists of almost 5000 individual texts that were collected circa C.E. 400 (quite some time after the Dao De Jing and Zhuang Zi which are the core Daoist texts). ...

Taoist Precepts
The Five Precepts
See also the Buddhist Five Precepts. ...

Sacred Sites
Shizhou Sandao
Grotto-heavens
Sanshiliu Xiaodongtian
Qishi'er Fudi Grotto-heavens (Chinese:洞天; Pinyin: Dongtian) are a type of sacred Daoist site. ...


Portal:Taoism

Classical

Chen Po (birthname: Chen Tuan, name as a sage: Chen Hsi I, Chen Xi Yi) (871-989) Taoist sage who for over twenty years led a secluded life in Nine Room Cave on Mount Wudang. ... Ge Hong(葛洪) (284-364, also known as Zhichuan) was a minor southern official during the Jin dynasty (263-420), best known for his interest in Daoism, alchemy, and techniques of longevity. ... Guo Xiang (Chinese: 郭象; Pinyin: Guō Xiàng; Wade-Giles: Kuo Hsiang; d. ... Lao Zi (Chinese 老子, also spelled Laozi, Lao Tzu, or Lao Tse) is a major figure in Chinese philosophy whose historical existence is debated. ... Lie Yukou (列御寇) was the Chinese author of Lie Zi. ... Sun Buer (Sun Pu-erh, in Chinese 孫不二), one of the Taoist Seven Masters of Quanzhen lived circa 1119 – 1182 C.E. in the Shandong province of China. ... Sun Tzu (孫子 also commonly written in pinyin: Sūn Zǐ) was the author of The Art of War, an influential ancient Chinese book on military strategy (for the most part not dealing directly with tactics). ... Wang Chongyang (11 January 1113 – 22 January 1170) [Chinese calendar: 宋徽宗政和二年十二月廿二 – 金世宗大定十年正月初四] (Traditional Chinese: 王重陽; Simplified Chinese: 王重阳; pinyin: Wáng Chóngyáng) was a Song Dynasty Taoist who was one of the founders of Quanzhen Taoism in the twelfth century. ... Wang Bi was a scholar of the Yi Jing (also known as I Ching). ... Wei Boyang (Chinese: 魏伯陽) was a noted Taoist alchemist of the Eastern Han Dynasty[1]. He is the author of The Kinship of the Three, and is noted as the first person to have documented the chemical composition of gun powder in 142 AD[2][3]. ^ Italian site on Chinese alchemy... Water Margin character, see Yang Xiong. ... Celestial Master Zhang Daoling Zhang Daoling (Chang Tao-ling), aka Zhang Ling. ... Zhang Sanfeng was a semi-mythical Chinese Taoist priest who is believed by some to have achieved immortality, said variously to date from either the late Song dynasty, Yuan dynasty or Ming dynasty. ... // The Person Zhuāng Zǐ (pinyin), Chuang Tzu (W-G), or Chuang Tse (Chinese 莊子, literally meaning Master Zhuang) was a famous philosopher in ancient China who lived around the 4th century BC during the Warring States Period, corresponding to the Hundred Schools of Thought philosophical summit of Chinese thought. ...

Modern

See also: Taoism, List of people by belief Dr. Alex Anatole Alexander Anatole, (b. ... Categories: Religion stubs | Taoists ... From The Essential Alan Watts Alan Wilson Watts (January 6, 1915 – November 16, 1973) was a philosopher, writer, speaker, and expert in comparative religion. ... Ursula Kroeber Le Guin [ˌɜɹsələ ˌkɹobɜɹ ləˈgWɪn] (born October 21, 1929) is an American author. ... Benjamin Hoff (born 1946) is the author of several books on Taoism, including his bestselling The Tao of Pooh and The Te of Piglet. ... Michael R. Saso, Ph. ... Siji Tzu a mythical Taoist living the ideas given by Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu and delivering interpretations of Philosophical Taoism through the use of poetry, koan and fable. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Zhang Tian Ran (張天然) (1889-1947) is the venerable teacher of I-Kuan Tao, a popular religious movement. ... Wang Hao De (1921 – 1999) is the founder of the Maitreya Great Tao (彌勒大道) religion, which is based in Hsin Chu, Taiwan. ... Raymond Merrill Smullyan (born 1919) is a mathematician, logician, philosopher, and magician. ... Tao Te Ching, Calligraphy by Gia-Fu Feng Gia-Fu Feng, (1919-1985), was educated in China, and came to the United States in 1947 to study comparative religion, holding a BA from Peking University and an MA from the University of Pennsylvania. ... Mantak Chia (b. ... Bruce Kumar Frantzis (born March, 1949, New York City) is a writer of books on tai chi, chi gong, meditation, and energetic healing therapies. ... Taoism (Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical and religious traditions and concepts. ... These are articles that list people of a particular religious or political belief. ...


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