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Encyclopedia > List of Swedish monarchs
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This is a list of Swedish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queens of Sweden with Regents and Viceroys of the Kalmar Union up until the present time. A monarch is a type of ruler or head of state, whose titles and ascent are often inherited, not earned, and who represents a larger monarchical system which has established rules and customs regarding succession, duties, and powers. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... This is a list of Swedish queens, starting with the consorts of King Gustav I. Queen Christina 1523-1535 : Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg (first wife of Gustav I) 1536-1551 : Margareta Leijonhufvud (second) 1552-1560 : Katarina Stenbock (third), d. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts of head of state, especially if not the Monarch (who has higher titles). ... A viceroy is somebody who governs a country or province as a substitute for the monarch. ... The royal lineages of Norway, Sweden and Denmark for the period around the formation of the Kalmar Union The Kalmar Union (Danish/Norwegian/Swedish: Kalmarunionen) was a series of personal unions (1397–1520) that united the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden under a single monarch. ...


There are lists of Swedish pagan monarchs with dates far older than these. These records contain the early kings, of the House of Yngling, and give an explanation to the numbering of the monarchs, particularly the names Erik and Karl (Eric and Charles). However these records are in many cases derived from historical romances and therefore of dubious historical authenticity. Because of this, lists of succession traditionally start with the first baptized Christian king of Sweden, Olof Skötkonung, and his father Erik Segersäll. Based on the Danish chronicler Saxo Grammaticus, these have often been classified as belonging to the Swedish house of Ynglings. However, the sagas tell that this line of kings was broken (see Ingjald and Ivar Vidfamne), and trace them back to Sigurd Ring and Ragnar Lodbrok (whom Saxo, on the other hand, considered to belong to the House of Yngling). As there is no evidence that Eric and Olof ever used the Yngling name themselves, modern historians instead refer to their family as the House of Munsö, the House of Ivar and Ragnar Lodbrok, the Old Dynasty or the House of Uppsala. The Ynglings (Heimskringla), Scylfings (Beowulf) or Sons of Frey (Gesta Danorum and Ynglingatal) were the oldest known Scandinavian dynasty. ... Jump to: navigation, search Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament writings of his early followers. ... Coin minted for Olof Skötkonung in Sigtuna Olof of Sweden or Olof Skötkonung/Skottkonung (the meaning of the cognomen is disputed) was the son of Eric the Victorious and Sigrid the Haughty. ... Eric the Victorious (VI), Old Norse: Eiríkr inn sigrsæli, Modern Swedish: Erik Segersäll, (970?- 995), was king of the Swedes during the second half of the 10th century. ... Saxo, etching by the Danish-Norwegian illustrator Louis Moe (1857 – 1945) Saxo Grammaticus (estimated. ... Ingjald centralizing Sweden Ingjaldr hinn illráði or Ingjald illrÃ¥de (ill-ruler), ca 640 - ca 650, was a more or less historical Swedish king of the House of Ynglings. ... Ívarr inn víðfaðmi or Ivar Vidfamne was a semi-legendary king of Sweden c. ... Sigurðr hringr, Sigurd Ring (ca 750) was a Swedish king mentioned in sources such as the Heimskringla, Gesta Danorum, Hervarar Saga and Sögubrot af Nokkrum. ... Ragnar Lodbrok and King Ella Ragnarr Loðbrók or Ragnar Lodbrok was a semi-legendary King of Denmark and Sweden who reigned sometime in the eighth or ninth centuries. ...

History of Sweden
Prehistoric Sweden
Early History
Kalmar Union
Modern Sweden
A New Great Power
Swedish Empire
Great Northern War
Absolute Monarchy
Union with Norway
Modernization
Industrialization
World War II

Swedish monarchs
Swedish wars

Contents

The history of Sweden dates back to 9000 BC. // Pre-historic age: 9,000–500 BC Main article Pre-history of Sweden Sweden, as well as the adjacent country Norway, has a high concentration of petroglyphs (ristningar or hällristningar in Swedish) throughout the country, with the highest concentration in... // Ice age The pre-history of Sweden begins at the end of the Pleistocene epoch at the beginning of Holocene epoch, following the last ice age, the Weichsel glaciation. ... Jump to: navigation, search // Viking age 9th century For the time period leading up to the Viking Age, see Pre-history of Sweden During the 9th century extensive Scandinavian settlements were made on the east side of the Baltic sea. ... The royal lineages of Norway, Sweden and Denmark for the period around the formation of the Kalmar Union The Kalmar Union (Danish/Norwegian/Swedish: Kalmarunionen) was a series of personal unions (1397–1520) that united the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden under a single monarch. ... // Gustav Vasa Main article: Gustav I of Sweden Gusav Vasa Gustav I of Sweden (Vasa) had political and religious difficulties in his kingdom established in 1523. ... // Charles IX Main article: Charles IX of Sweden Not till March 6, 1604, after Duke John son of John III of Sweden, had formally renounced his hereditary right to the throne, did Charles IX of Sweden begin to style himself king. ... The Peace of Westphalia See also: Peace of Westphalia It was the exploits of Axel Oxenstierna and Johan Banér which alone enabled Sweden to obtain even what she did obtain at the great Peace of Westphalia congress in 1648. ... // The Great Northern War See also: Great Northern War The victory at Narva Charles XI of Sweden had carefully provided against the contingency of his successors minority; and the five regents appointed by him, if not great statesmen, were at least practical politicians who had not been trained in... The Enlightened Despot See also: Gustav III of Sweden Adolf Frederick of Sweden died on February 12, 1771. ... A New Dynasty See also: Charles XIV of Sweden King Charles XIV Charles XIII was both infirm and childless. ... Politics in the New Riksdag See also: Riksdag The economic condition of Sweden, owing to the progress in material prosperity which had taken place in the country as the result of the Franco-German War, was at the accession of Oscar II to the throne on September 18, 1872 fairly... The policy of Sweden during World War II was to remain neutral. ... This is a list of wars fought by Sweden between 1521 and 1814: The Swedish War of Liberation or Befrielsekriget (1521-1523) The Armstice of Gotland (1524) The Recess of Malmö (1524) The Danish Counts Feud or Danska Grevefejden (1534-1536) The Armstice of Copenhagen (1537) The Great Russian...


Monarchs, Regents and Viceroys of Sweden

For lists of the prehistoric kings of Sweden see

In sources such as Heimskringla and Ynglinga saga there appear early Swedish kings who belong in the domain of mythology, but it is often suggested that they have a historical basis. ... The semi-legendary kings of Sweden are the long line of Swedish kings who preceded Eric the Victorious, according to sources such as the Norse Sagas, Beowulf, Rimbert, Adam of Bremen and Saxo Grammaticus, but who are of disputed historicity, due to the fact that many of them appear in...

The House of Munsö or Uppsala

The House of Munsö is the Scandinavian semi-legendary dynasty which is descended from Björn Ironside, one of the sons of Ragnar Lodbrok. ... Events Major volcano eruption in Mashu Japan Devastating decade long famine begins in France Byzantine Emperor John I successfully defends the Eastern Roman Empire from massive barbarian invasion Construction completed on Al-Azhar mosque in Cairo, worlds oldest Islamic university Births Leif Ericson, Norse explorer Seyyed Razi, important Muslim... Events (Erik Segersäll) is succeeded by (Olof Skötkonung), the first baptized ruler of Sweden. ... Eric the Victorious (VI), Old Norse: Eiríkr inn sigrsæli, Modern Swedish: Erik Segersäll, (970?- 995), was king of the Swedes during the second half of the 10th century. ... Events (Erik Segersäll) is succeeded by (Olof Skötkonung), the first baptized ruler of Sweden. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Several Catharist heretics are killed in Toulouse. ... Coin minted for Olof Skötkonung in Sigtuna Olof of Sweden or Olof Skötkonung/Skottkonung (the meaning of the cognomen is disputed) was the son of Eric the Victorious and Sigrid the Haughty. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Several Catharist heretics are killed in Toulouse. ... Events Leofric becomes Bishop of Exeter Births Margrave Leopold II of Austria (d. ... Coin minted for Anund Jakob Anund Jakob (referred to as Emund Kolbränna during his time) was King of Sweden 1022-1050. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Events Leofric becomes Bishop of Exeter Births Margrave Leopold II of Austria (d. ... Events May - The Norman leader Robert Guiscard conquers Taranto. ... Emund the Old (king of Sweden 1050-1060) was an illegitimate son of Olof Skötkonung. ...

The House of Stenkil

The House of Stenkil was the first Geatish dynasty on the Swedish throne. ... Events May - The Norman leader Robert Guiscard conquers Taranto. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events January 6 - Harold II is crowned King of England the day after Edward the Confessor dies. ... Stenkil (1028–1066) was a Jarl and King of Sweden from 1060 to his death. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events January 6 - Harold II is crowned King of England the day after Edward the Confessor dies. ... Events Constantine X emperor of the Byzantine Empire dies. ... At the death of his father Stenkil, Erik Stenkilsson or Erik VII (king of Sweden 1066-1067) made war on his brother Erik the Pagan (Eric VIII) (king of Sweden 1066-1067) for the Swedish throne. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events January 6 - Harold II is crowned King of England the day after Edward the Confessor dies. ... Events Constantine X emperor of the Byzantine Empire dies. ... At the death of his father Stenkil, Erik Stenkilsson or Erik VII (king of Sweden 1066-1067) made war on his brother Erik the Pagan (Eric VIII) (king of Sweden 1066-1067) for the Swedish throne. ... Events Constantine X emperor of the Byzantine Empire dies. ... Events Hereward the Wake begins a Saxon revolt in the Fens of eastern England. ... Halsten Stenkilsson was king of Sweden for a short time, 1067-1070, before he was deposed, according to Adam of Bremen. ... Events Hereward the Wake begins a Saxon revolt in the Fens of eastern England. ... Events Revolt of the Earls. ... Jump to: navigation, search Anund the Russian a russian prince that accepted the offer from the pagans of Uppsala to become king of Sweden when they had driven Halsten out of the country. ... Events Revolt of the Earls. ... Events Halsten and Ingold I succeed Haakon the Red in Sweden. ... The Swedes rebelled against the Anund Gårdske because he did not want to worship the Norse gods and Håkan the Red became king, 1070-1079, although he was a Christian. ... Events Halsten and Ingold I succeed Haakon the Red in Sweden. ... Events Saint Bruno founds the Carthusian Order of monks Kyanzittha begins his reign in Myanmar. ... ... Events Saint Bruno founds the Carthusian Order of monks Kyanzittha begins his reign in Myanmar. ... Events May 9 - The remains of Saint Nicholas were brought to Bari. ... Blot-Sven (king 1084-1087) ousted his brother-in-law Inge from Svealand, when he had refused to administer the sacrifices at the Temple at Uppsala, in ca 1080. ... Events May 9 - The remains of Saint Nicholas were brought to Bari. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Succession of Pope Urban II (1088-1099) Work begins on the third and largest church at Cluny Rebellion of 1088 against William II of England lead by Odo of Bayeux. ... Jump to: navigation, search Eric Ã…rsäll son of Blot-Sweyn. ... Events May 9 - The remains of Saint Nicholas were brought to Bari. ... Events December 4 - First Crusade: The Crusaders conquer Sidon. ... ... Events December 4 - First Crusade: The Crusaders conquer Sidon. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Knights Templar founded Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor Gelasius II succeeds Paschal II as pope Births November 28 - Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1180) Andronicus I Comnenus... Filip Halstensson (king 1105-1118) ruled together with his brother Ingold II from 1105 or 1110 and onwards. ... Events December 4 - First Crusade: The Crusaders conquer Sidon. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events May 23 - Lothair of Saxony becomes Holy Roman Emperor on the death of Henry V. War ends between Toulouse and Provence. ... Jump to: navigation, search Inge Halstensson (king 1105-1125) became the sole ruler of Sweden at the death of his brother Philip Halstensson. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events May 23 - Lothair of Saxony becomes Holy Roman Emperor on the death of Henry V. War ends between Toulouse and Provence. ... Events Rutherglen becomes one of the first Royal Burghs in Scotland. ... Ragnvald Knaphövde or Ragnvald the Fool (king 1125) is only mentioned in the Westrogothic law. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events May 23 - Lothair of Saxony becomes Holy Roman Emperor on the death of Henry V. War ends between Toulouse and Provence. ... Events February 13 - Innocent II is elected pope An antipope schism occurs when Roger II of Sicily supports Anacletus II as pope instead of Innocent II. Innocent flees to France and Anacletus crowns Roger King. ... Magnus Nilsson, or Magnus the Strong (reigned 1125–1130) was a Danish prince who lived between 1106 and 1134. ...

The Houses of Sverker and Erik

After the extinction of the House of Stenkil and the coronation of Sverker I of Sweden in 1130, a civil war commenced. ... Events February 13 - Innocent II is elected pope An antipope schism occurs when Roger II of Sicily supports Anacletus II as pope instead of Innocent II. Innocent flees to France and Anacletus crowns Roger King. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Establishment of the Carmelite Order Hogen Rebellion in Japan January 20 - According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of the lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland. ... Sverker I Kolson or Sverker the Elder (died c. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events May 23 - Lothair of Saxony becomes Holy Roman Emperor on the death of Henry V. War ends between Toulouse and Provence. ... After the extinction of the House of Stenkil and the coronation of Sverker I of Sweden in 1130, a civil war commenced. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Establishment of the Carmelite Order Hogen Rebellion in Japan January 20 - According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of the lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Erik den helige is succeeded by Karl Sverkersson. ... Coat of Arms of Stockholm, depicting Eric IX of Sweden Eric IX of Sweden (or Erik the Lawgiver or Eric the Saint. ... The house of St Eric was one of the two noble families, dynastiesk, which rivalled for the kingship of Sweden between 1150 and 1220. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Erik den helige is succeeded by Karl Sverkersson. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Bartholomew Iscanus becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Jump to: navigation, search Magnus Henriksen king of Sweden between 1160 and 61. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Bartholomew Iscanus becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Events December 22 - Afraid that Old Cairo would be captured by the Crusaders, its Caliph orders the city set afire. ... Charles VII Sverkersson or Karl Eriksson in Swedish was king of Sweden and Earl of Götaland from circa 1161 to 1167, when he was assassinated. ... After the extinction of the House of Stenkil and the coronation of Sverker I of Sweden in 1130, a civil war commenced. ... Events December 22 - Afraid that Old Cairo would be captured by the Crusaders, its Caliph orders the city set afire. ... Events Canonization of Saint Thomas a Becket, buried at Canterbury August 9th - Construction starts on the Leaning tower of Pisa Castle at Abergavenny was seized by the Welsh. ... Jump to: navigation, search Kol Sverkerson bastard son of Sverker I of Sweden, named after the grandparent as traditional in medival Sweden. ... Jump to: navigation, search Boleslaw Sverkerson younger brother of Charles Sverkerson and Kol Sverkerson. ... After the extinction of the House of Stenkil and the coronation of Sverker I of Sweden in 1130, a civil war commenced. ... Events December 22 - Afraid that Old Cairo would be captured by the Crusaders, its Caliph orders the city set afire. ... Events Priory of St Marys, Bushmead, founded. ... Seal of Canute I Canute I Eriksson or Knut Eriksson in Swedish was king of Sweden from 1167 to 1195. ... The house of St Eric was one of the two noble families, dynastiesk, which rivalled for the kingship of Sweden between 1150 and 1220. ... Events Spring, London, popular uprising of the poor against the rich led by William Fitz Osbern. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Philip of Swabia King of Germany and rival Holy Roman Emperor to Otto IV, assassinated June 21 in Bamberg by German Count Otto of Wittelsbach because Philip had refused to give him his daughter in marriage. ... Sverker the younger Karlsson or Sverker den yngre Karlsson in Swedish (born c. ... After the extinction of the House of Stenkil and the coronation of Sverker I of Sweden in 1130, a civil war commenced. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Philip of Swabia King of Germany and rival Holy Roman Emperor to Otto IV, assassinated June 21 in Bamberg by German Count Otto of Wittelsbach because Philip had refused to give him his daughter in marriage. ... Events Prince Louis of France, the future King Louis VIII, invades England in the First Barons War Henry III becomes King of England. ... Erik X ( c 1180 – 1216), Erik Knutsson (Eric son of Canute) was the King of Sweden between 1208 and 1216. ... The house of St Eric was one of the two noble families, dynastiesk, which rivalled for the kingship of Sweden between 1150 and 1220. ... Events Prince Louis of France, the future King Louis VIII, invades England in the First Barons War Henry III becomes King of England. ... Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Decades: 1170s 1180s 1190s 1200s 1210s - 1220s - 1230s 1240s 1250s 1260s 1270s Years: 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 See also: 1222 state leaders Events Foundation of the University of Padua Completion of the Cistercian convent in Alcobaca... Johan Sverkersson (1201? - 1222) was a Swedish king between 1216 and 1222. ... After the extinction of the House of Stenkil and the coronation of Sverker I of Sweden in 1130, a civil war commenced. ... Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Decades: 1170s 1180s 1190s 1200s 1210s - 1220s - 1230s 1240s 1250s 1260s 1270s Years: 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 See also: 1222 state leaders Events Foundation of the University of Padua Completion of the Cistercian convent in Alcobaca... Jump to: navigation, search Events March 18 - Sixth Crusade of Emperor Frederick II ends in truce with Sultan al-Kamil and coronation of Frederick as King of Jerusalem. ... Eric XI Ericsson (1216 – February 2, 1250) den läspe och halte: the stuttering and lame, was king of Sweden 1222 – 1229 and 1234 – 1250. ... The house of St Eric was one of the two noble families, dynastiesk, which rivalled for the kingship of Sweden between 1150 and 1220. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events March 18 - Sixth Crusade of Emperor Frederick II ends in truce with Sultan al-Kamil and coronation of Frederick as King of Jerusalem. ... Events Canonization of Saint Dominic Collapse of the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) Deaths Emperor Chukyo of Japan Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile - Ferdinand III, the Saint King of Castile and Leon (reigned... Canute II (in Sweden called Knut Långe till Sko) was king of Sweden 1229_1234. ... Events Canonization of Saint Dominic Collapse of the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) Deaths Emperor Chukyo of Japan Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile - Ferdinand III, the Saint King of Castile and Leon (reigned... Events December 13 - Death of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor Louis IX of France is captured by Muslims and has to ransom himself Mabinogion appears Albertus Magnus isolates the element arsenic Vincent of Beauvais writes proto-encyclopedic The Greater Mirror City of Stockholm founded Alphonso III of Portugal takes Algarve... Eric XI Ericsson (1216 – February 2, 1250) den läspe och halte: the stuttering and lame, was king of Sweden 1222 – 1229 and 1234 – 1250. ... The house of St Eric was one of the two noble families, dynastiesk, which rivalled for the kingship of Sweden between 1150 and 1220. ...

The House of Bjällbo

In modern Swedish, Folkung has two meanings, which appear to be opposites: The noble (royal) clan of some Folkungar, later named Folkungaätten (ätt means clan), who in effect introduced inheritance of the throne during the 12th century. ... Events Louis IX of France departs on the Seventh Crusade for Egypt Kingdom of Castile captures city of Seville from Muslims Cologne cathedral: old cathedral burns down April 30; foundation stone to current cathedral laid August 15 Births Deaths January 4 - King Sancho II of Portugal, in exile in Toledo... Jump to: navigation, search For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... Birger jarl Birger jarl   listen[?] (Earl Birger), full name Birger Magnusson of Bjälbo (1210 – October 21, 1266), was a Swedish statesman and the founder of Stockholm. ... Events December 13 - Death of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor Louis IX of France is captured by Muslims and has to ransom himself Mabinogion appears Albertus Magnus isolates the element arsenic Vincent of Beauvais writes proto-encyclopedic The Greater Mirror City of Stockholm founded Alphonso III of Portugal takes Algarve... Events Eleanor de Montfort is captured by pirates in the employ of Edward I of England to prevent her marriage to Llywelyn the Last, prince of Jews over the age of 7 to wear the yellow badge and makes usury illegal Jean de Meun writes the second portion of the... Valdemar Birgersson (1239-1302), King of Sweden 1250-1275/1288/1302, was the son of princess Ingeborg Eriksdotter of Sweden and Birger Jarl, Earl Birger Magnusson of Bjälbo, who more or less ruled Sweden from 1248 under king Eric Ericsson the Lame his brother in law. ... Events Eleanor de Montfort is captured by pirates in the employ of Edward I of England to prevent her marriage to Llywelyn the Last, prince of Jews over the age of 7 to wear the yellow badge and makes usury illegal Jean de Meun writes the second portion of the... Jump to: navigation, search For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Jump to: navigation, search Seal of Magnus I Magnus I of Sweden (1240 – 1290), often called LadulÃ¥s: Barnlock, was king of Sweden from 1275/1280 until his death in 1290. ... Jump to: navigation, search For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events 1 April: Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English Emperor Go-Daigo ascends to the throne of Japan End of the reign of Emperor Hanazono, emperor of Japan Pope John XXII declares the doctrines of the Franciscans advocating ecclesiastical poverty erroneous... Birger Magnusson (1280 – 1321) was hailed king when he was four years old. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events 1 April: Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English Emperor Go-Daigo ascends to the throne of Japan End of the reign of Emperor Hanazono, emperor of Japan Pope John XXII declares the doctrines of the Franciscans advocating ecclesiastical poverty erroneous... Jump to: navigation, search Events Magnus VII ascends the throne of Norway and unites the country with Sweden. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Magnus VII ascends the throne of Norway and unites the country with Sweden. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Foundation of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków The Breton War of Succession... Jump to: navigation, search Sigillum ad causas for Magnus II of Sweden Magnus II Ericson, Magnus VII of Norway, (1316 – December 1, 1377), King of Sweden, Norway, and Terra Scania, son of Duke Eric Magnusson of Sweden and Ingeborg, daughter of Haakon V of Norway. ... Events January 20 - Edward Balliol surrenders title as King of Scotland to Edward III of England April 16 — the King of the Serbian Kingdom of RaÅ¡ka Stefan DuÅ¡an is proclaimed Tsar (Emperor) of all Serbs, Arbanasses and Greeks in Skopje by the Serbian Orthodox Christian Patriarch of a... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Orhan I (1326-1359) to Murad I (1359-1389) Berlin joins the Hanseatic League. ... Eric XII Magnusson (1339-1359) was rival King of Sweden and to his father Magnus II from 1356 to his death in 1359. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 - 1362 - 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 See also: 1362 state leaders Events Under Edward III, English replaces French as Englands national language, for the... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Foundation of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków The Breton War of Succession... Haakon VI Magnusson (appr. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 - 1363 - 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 See also: 1363 state leaders Events Magnus II, King of Sweden, is deposed by Albert of Mecklenburg. ... Events February 24 - Margaret I seizes Albert, thus becoming ruler of Denmark, Norway and Sweden June 28 - Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottomans. ... Albert of Mecklenburg or Albrekt av Mecklenburg (appr. ... Events August 14 - Battle of Aljubarrota between the Portuguese under John I of Portugal and the Castilians, under John I of Castile. ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... Jump to: navigation, search Olof Haakonson son of Haakon Magnusson of Norway and Margaret of Denmark. ...

Regents of the Kalmar Union and Viceroys (Riksföreståndare)

Charles VIII
Charles VIII

The royal lineages of Norway, Sweden and Denmark for the period around the formation of the Kalmar Union The Kalmar Union (Danish/Norwegian/Swedish: Kalmarunionen) was a series of personal unions (1397–1520) that united the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden under a single monarch. ... Portrait: Charles VIII of Sweden File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Portrait: Charles VIII of Sweden File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Events February 24 - Margaret I seizes Albert, thus becoming ruler of Denmark, Norway and Sweden June 28 - Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottomans. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan. ... Seal of Margaret I of Denmark 1381 and 1403 Margaret I Queen of Denmark and Norway, Regent of Sweden (1353 – October 28, 1412) was born in Vordingborg Castle, the daughter of Valdemar IV of Denmark and Helvig of Sonderjylland. ... Events September 25 - Bayezid I defeats Sigismund of Hungary and John of Nevers at the Battle of Nicopolis. ... Events Battle of Grotnik, which ended the hussite movement in Poland Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway is declared deposed in Sweden. ... Eric of Pomerania, Erik af Pommern (Danish title), Erik av Pommern (Erik III) (Norwegian title) or Erik av Pommern (Eric XIII) (Swedish title), was adopted by Margaret I of Denmark and became king of Norway (1389-1442), of Denmark (1412-1439), and of Sweden and the Kalmar Union (1396-1439). ... For other uses, see number 1435. ... Events April - Paris is recaptured by the French End of the Hussite Wars in Bohemia. ... Events Pachacuti who would later create Tahuantinsuyu, or Inca Empire became the ruler of Cuzco January 1 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Hungary March 18 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway looses direct control of Sweden. ... For alternative meanings, see number 1440. ... Jump to: navigation, search Charles VIII of Sweden, Charles I of Norway, or Karl Knutsson (Bonde), king of Sweden (1448 – 1457, 1464 – 1465 and from 1467 to his death in 1470); king of Norway (1449 – 1450). ... This page is about the year 1441. ... Events January 5/ 6 - Christopher of Bavaria, Norway and Sweden dies with no designated heir leaving all three kingdoms with vacant thrones. ... Christopher of Bavaria, Christoffer (III) af Bayern (Danish and Norwegian title) or Kristofer av Bayern (Swedish title), (1418-1448) was union king of Denmark, Norway (1440-1448) and Sweden (1441-1448). ... Events January 5/ 6 - Christopher of Bavaria, Norway and Sweden dies with no designated heir leaving all three kingdoms with vacant thrones. ... Events January 5/ 6 - Christopher of Bavaria, Norway and Sweden dies with no designated heir leaving all three kingdoms with vacant thrones. ... Bengt Jönsson Oxenstierna, (1390s-1450) Swedish statesman and co-regent of Sweden, under the Kalmar Union, from January to June of 1448, together with his brother Nils Jönsson Oxenstierna. ... Nils Jönsson Oxenstierna, (1390s-1450s) Swedish statesman and co-regent of Sweden, under the Kalmar Union, from January to June of 1448, together with his brother Bengt Jönsson Oxenstierna. ... Events January 5/ 6 - Christopher of Bavaria, Norway and Sweden dies with no designated heir leaving all three kingdoms with vacant thrones. ... Events University of Freiburg founded. ... Jump to: navigation, search Charles VIII of Sweden, Charles I of Norway, or Karl Knutsson (Bonde), king of Sweden (1448 – 1457, 1464 – 1465 and from 1467 to his death in 1470); king of Norway (1449 – 1450). ... Events University of Freiburg founded. ... Events University of Freiburg founded. ... Jöns Bengtsson (Oxenstierna), (1417 – 1467) Swedish clergyman and regent of Sweden, under the Kalmar Union, in 1457, shared with Erik Axelsson (Tott), and alone 1465-1466. ... Erik Axelsson Tott, (1415-1481) Swedish statesman and regent of Sweden, under the Kalmar Union, in 1457, shared with Jöns Bengtsson (Oxenstierna), and alone 1466-1467. ... Events University of Freiburg founded. ... Events February - Christian I of Denmark and Norway who was also serving as King of Sweden is declared deposed from the later throne. ... Christian I of Denmark (1426-1481), Danish monarch and union king of Denmark (1448_1481), Norway (1450-1481) and Sweden (1457-1464), under the Kalmar Union. ... Events February - Christian I of Denmark and Norway who was also serving as King of Sweden is declared deposed from the later throne. ... Events July 13 - Battle of Montlhéry Troops of King Louis XI of France fight inconclusively against an army of the great nobles organized as the League of the Public Weal. ... Jump to: navigation, search Charles VIII of Sweden, Charles I of Norway, or Karl Knutsson (Bonde), king of Sweden (1448 – 1457, 1464 – 1465 and from 1467 to his death in 1470); king of Norway (1449 – 1450). ... Events July 13 - Battle of Montlhéry Troops of King Louis XI of France fight inconclusively against an army of the great nobles organized as the League of the Public Weal. ... Events July 13 - Battle of Montlhéry Troops of King Louis XI of France fight inconclusively against an army of the great nobles organized as the League of the Public Weal. ... Kettil Karlsson (Vasa) (1433 – August 11, 1465) was a Swedish clergyman and regent of Sweden under the Kalmar Union from February 1464 to August 1465, interluded by a six month interregnum of king Charles VIII of Sweden. ... Events July 13 - Battle of Montlhéry Troops of King Louis XI of France fight inconclusively against an army of the great nobles organized as the League of the Public Weal. ... Events Chimú Empire conquered by troops of the Inca End of term for Regent of Sweden Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna. ... Jöns Bengtsson (Oxenstierna), (1417 – 1467) Swedish clergyman and regent of Sweden, under the Kalmar Union, in 1457, shared with Erik Axelsson (Tott), and alone 1465-1466. ... Events Chimú Empire conquered by troops of the Inca End of term for Regent of Sweden Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events October 29 - Battle of Brusthem: Charles the Bold defeats Liege Beginning of the Sengoku Period in Japan. ... Erik Axelsson Tott, (1415-1481) Swedish statesman and regent of Sweden, under the Kalmar Union, in 1457, shared with Jöns Bengtsson (Oxenstierna), and alone 1466-1467. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events October 29 - Battle of Brusthem: Charles the Bold defeats Liege Beginning of the Sengoku Period in Japan. ... Events May 15 - Charles VIII of Sweden who had served three terms as King of Sweden dies. ... Jump to: navigation, search Charles VIII of Sweden, Charles I of Norway, or Karl Knutsson (Bonde), king of Sweden (1448 – 1457, 1464 – 1465 and from 1467 to his death in 1470); king of Norway (1449 – 1450). ... Events May 15 - Charles VIII of Sweden who had served three terms as King of Sweden dies. ... Events May 10 - Amerigo Vespucci allegedly leaves Cádiz for his first voyage to the New World. ... Jump to: navigation, search Sten Sture the Elder (Sten Sture den ldre; 1440–1503) was a Swedish statesman and regent of Sweden under the Kalmar Union (1470–1497 and 1501–1503). ... Events May 10 - Amerigo Vespucci allegedly leaves Cádiz for his first voyage to the New World. ... // Events Alexander becomes King of Poland. ... John, Johann, Johan II, or colloquially Hans, Danish monarch and union king of Denmark (1481–1513), Norway (1483–1513) Sweden (1497–1501), under the Kalmar Union, and also Duke of Schleswig and Holstein. ... // Events Alexander becomes King of Poland. ... Events January 20 - Seville in Castile is awarded exclusive right to trade with the New World. ... Jump to: navigation, search Sten Sture the Elder (Sten Sture den ldre; 1440–1503) was a Swedish statesman and regent of Sweden under the Kalmar Union (1470–1497 and 1501–1503). ... Events January 1 - French troops surrender Gaeta to the Spanish under Cordoba. ... Events Diego Velázquez and Hernán Cortés conquer Cuba; Velázquez appointed Governor. ... Svante Nilsson, (1460 – January 2, 1512), Swedish statesman and regent of Sweden, under the Kalmar Union, 1504 - January 2, 1512. ... Events April 11 - Battle of Ravenna. ... Events April 11 - Battle of Ravenna. ... Erik Trolle (died 1530), elected regent of Sweden, under the Kalmar Union, in 1512. ... Events April 11 - Battle of Ravenna. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events January 18 - King Christian II of Denmark and Norway defeats the Swedes at Lake Asunde. ... Jump to: navigation, search Sten Sture the Younger, or Sten Sture den yngre, Swedish statesman and regent of Sweden, under the Kalmar Union, 1512 - February 5, 1520. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events January 18 - King Christian II of Denmark and Norway defeats the Swedes at Lake Asunde. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ... Christian II (1481 - 1559) was a Danish monarch and King of Denmark, Norway (1513 - 1523) and Sweden (1520 - 1521), under the Kalmar Union. ...

The House of Vasa

Gustav I
Gustav I

The Vasa Coat of Arms The House of Vasa was the Royal House of Sweden (1523-1654) and of Poland (1587-1668). ... Image File history File links Gustav I of Sweden File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Gustav I of Sweden File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berhick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Gustav Vasa, originally Gustav Eriksson Vasa (May 12, 1496–September 29, 1560) was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death. ... Gustav Vasa, originally Gustav Eriksson Vasa (May 12, 1496–September 29, 1560) was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ... Events April - Battle of Villalar - Forces loyal to Emperor Charles V defeat the Comuneros, a league of urban bourgeois rebelling against Charles in Spain. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berhick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... Jump to: navigation, search Erik XIV (December 13, 1533 – February 26, 1577) was King of Sweden from 1560 until he was deposed in 1568. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. ... Jump to: navigation, search John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 - November 27, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. ... Events Swedish King Sigismund III Vasa is replaced by his brother Charles IX of Sweden. ... Jump to: navigation, search Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel... Events Swedish King Sigismund III Vasa is replaced by his brother Charles IX of Sweden. ... Events June 23 - Henry Hudsons crew maroons him, his son and 7 others in a boat November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ... Charles IX (Karl IX) (October 4, 1550 – October 30, 1611), was King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. ... Charles IX (Karl IX) (October 4, 1550 – October 30, 1611), was King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. ... Events Swedish King Sigismund III Vasa is replaced by his brother Charles IX of Sweden. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... Events June 23 - Henry Hudsons crew maroons him, his son and 7 others in a boat November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ... Jump to: navigation, search See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16... Jump to: navigation, search Gustav II Adolf (also known as Gustaf Adolf den store or Gustavus II Adolpus) (December 9, 1594 – November 6, 1632 O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus and referred to by Protestants as the Lion of the North, was King of Sweden from... Jump to: navigation, search See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16... Jump to: navigation, search Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... Jump to: navigation, search Christina (Kristina) (December 18, 1626 – April 19, 1689), later known as Maria Christina Alexandra and sometimes Count Dohna, was Queen regnant of Sweden from 1632 to 1654. ...

The House of Palatinate Zweibrücken-Kleeburg

Charles XI
Charles XI

A palatinate is an area administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... Charles XI of Sweden The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Charles XI of Sweden The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... Events Expulsion of the Carib indigenous people from Martinique by French occupying forces. ... Charles X or Karl X Gustav (1622 – 1660), king of Sweden, son of John Casimir, Margrave of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, and Catherine, sister of Gustavus Adolphus, was born at the Castle of Nyköping on November 8, 1622. ... Events Expulsion of the Carib indigenous people from Martinique by French occupying forces. ... Events September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher Polhem starts Swedens first technical school. ... Charles XI (Karl XI) (November 24, 1655 – April 5, 1697) was King of Sweden from 1660 until his death. ... Events September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher Polhem starts Swedens first technical school. ... // Events July 21 - Treaty of Passarowitz signed November 22 - Off the coast of Virginia, English pirate Edward Teach (best known as Blackbeard) is killed in battle when a British boarding party cornered and then shot and stabbed him more than 25 times. ... Jump to: navigation, search Charles XII, Karl XII or Carolus Rex, (June 17, 1682 – November 30, 1718), the Alexander of the North, nicknamed in Turkish as DemirbaÅŸ Åžarl (Charles the Habitue), was a King of Sweden from 1697 until his death. ... // Events January 23 - The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire April 25 - Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe June 10 - Battle of Glen Shiel Prussia conducts Europes first systematic census Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) Births November 30 - Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (February 23, 1688 – November 24, 1741) was Queen regnant of Sweden from 1719 to 1720 and then Queen consort until her death. ...

The House of Hesse

Hesse-Kassel (Hessen-Kassel) was a German principality that came into existence when the Landgraviate of Hesse was divided in 1568 upon the death of Landgrave Philip of Hesse and his eldest son Wilhelm IV inherited the northern portion and established his capital in Kassel. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 31 - The future King George III of the United Kingdom succeeds his father as Prince of Wales. ... Frederick I (Fredrik I) (April 23, 1676–March 25, 1751), was King of Sweden from 1720 and (as Friedrich I von Hessen-Kassel) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1730 until his death. ...

The House of Holstein-Gottorp

Gustav III
Gustav III

The House of Holstein-Gottorp, a branch of the Oldenburg dynasty, rose to several thrones. ... Portrait: Gustav III The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Portrait: Gustav III The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 31 - The future King George III of the United Kingdom succeeds his father as Prince of Wales. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Adolf Frederick (Adolf Fredrik) (May 14, 1710 – February 12, 1771), was King of Sweden from 1751 until his death. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Gustav III (13 January 1746 (O.S.) (24 January 1746 (N.S.))–March 29, 1792) was King of Sweden from 1771 until his death. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Gustav IV Adolf (November 1, 1778 – February 7, 1837), was King of Sweden from 1800 until his abdication in 1809. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Charles XIII, Karl XIII, or Carl II, (1748-1818), king of Sweden and Norway, the second son of king Adolf Frederick of Sweden, and Louisa Ulrica of Prussia, sister of Frederick the Great, was born at Stockholm on October 7, 1748. ...

The House of Bernadotte

Charles XIV John
Charles XIV John

The House of Bernadotte, the current Royal House of the Kingdom of Sweden, has reigned since 1818. ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... King Charles XIV of Sweden, Charles III of Norway, or domestically Karl XIV Johan and Carl III Johan respectively, Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte (January 26, 1763 – March 8, 1844) was born at Pau, France, the son of Henri Bernadotte (1711–1780), procurator at Pau, and Jeanne St. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Oscar I, born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte (July 4, 1799–July 8, 1859), was King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... King Karl XV of Sweden, Carl IV of Norway, Carl Ludvig Eugén (May 3, 1826 - August 19, 1872), was the eldest son of King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway, and Josephine of Leuchtenberg. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Oscar II (Oscar Fredrik) (January 21, 1829 – December 8, 1907) was King of Sweden and Norway from 1872 until his death. ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... King Gustav V of Sweden, Oscar Gustaf Adolf (June 16, 1858 - October 29, 1950), was the eldest son of King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway and Sophia of Nassau. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... Gustav VI Adolf (Oskar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustav Adolf) (November 11, 1882 – September 15, 1973) was King of Sweden from 1950 until his death. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... Jump to: navigation, search Carl XVI Gustaf (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus) (born April 30, 1946), styled HM The King, is the King of Sweden. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ...

See also


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