FACTOID # 15: A mere 0.8% of West Virginians were born in a foreign country.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > List of Soviet and Russian submarine classes

Submarines in the Soviet Navy were developed by numbered "projects," which sometimes but not always were given names. During the Cold War, NATO nations referred to these classes by NATO reporting names, based on intelligence data, which did not always correspond perfectly with the projects. See: The Soviet Naval ensign The Soviet Naval jack The Soviet Navy (Russian: Военно-морской флот СССР, Voyenno-morskoy flot SSSR, literally Naval military forces of the USSR) was the naval arm of the Soviet armed forces. ... The Cold War (Russian: Холодная война Kholodnaya Voina) was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their military alliance partners. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ... NATO reporting names were code names for Soviet and Chinese military equipment. ...

The NATO reporting names were based on the British (and later American) habit of naming submarines with a letter of the alphabet indicating the class, followed by a serial number of that class. The names are the radiotelphonic alphabet call sign of a letter of the alphabet. For security purposes, the "pennant numbers" of Soviet submarines were not sequential, any more than those of Soviet surface vessels were. NATO reporting name for ballistic missile submarines, with Soviet designations: Ballistic Missile Submarines - Nuclear Propelled (Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya Raketnaya Ballistecheskaya - PLARB) Hotel I (Project 658) 8 ships Hotel II (Project 658M) 7 ships (refitted from Project 658 ships) Yankee I (Project 667A) 34 ships Yankee II (Project 667AM, Navaga-M... NATO reporting name for ballistic missile submarines, with Soviet designations: Guided Missile Submarines - Nuclear Propelled (Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya Raketnaya Krylataya - PLARK) Oscar II (Krasnodar Class) Oscar I (Arkhangelsk Class) Yankee-Sidecar (Leninets Class) Yankee-Notch Charlie II Charlie I Echo I (K.45 Class) Papa Guided Missile Submarines - Diesel/Electric... NATO reporting name for hunter/killer and experimental submarines, with Soviet Navy designations: Hunter/Killer Submarines - Nuclear Propelled (Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya - PLA) November class submarine (Project 627 - Kit (Кит) Class) Echo II Victor class submarine Victor I (Project 671 - Yorsh (Ёрш) Class) Victor II (Project 671RT - Syomga Class) Victor III (Project 671RTM...


Most Russian (and Soviet) submarines had no "personal" name, but were only known by a number, prefixed by letters identifying the boat's type at a higher level than her class. Those letters included:

  • К (K) — крейсерская (kreyserskaya, "cruiser")
  • ТК (TK) — тяжелая крейсерская (tyazholaya kreyserskaya, "heavy cruiser")
  • Б (B) — большая (bolshaya, "large")
  • С (S) — средняя (srednyaja, "medium")
  • М (M) — малая (malaya, "small")

Any of those prefixes could have С (S) added to the end, standing for специальная (spetsialnaya) and meaning "designed for special missions."

Contents


Diesel-Electric

Attack Submarines

Project NATO reporting name
611, AB611 Zulu
613 Whiskey
615 Quebec
633 Romeo
641 Foxtrot
641Б Cом (Som, catfish) Tango
690 Кефаль (Kefal', mullet) Bravo
877, 877Э, 877ЭКМ, 877В, 877ЛПМБ, 877ЭК Paltus (turbot) Kilo
636, 636М Improved Kilo
677 Лада (Lada, harmony)
1650 Амур (the Amur river)
865 Пиранья (Piran'ya, piranha) Losos

The Soviet Navys Project 611, also known by their NATO reporting name of Zulu class, were designed as attack submarines, but six were converted to become the worlds first ballistic missile submarines, one armed with a single F-11FM Scud missile and five others with two Scuds each. ... The Soviet Navys Project 611, also known by their NATO reporting name of Zulu class, were designed as attack submarines, but six were converted to become the worlds first ballistic missile submarines, one armed with a single F-11FM Scud missile and five others with two Scuds each. ... Whiskey class submarines (locally known as project 613, 644, and 665) are a class of military submarines that the Soviet Union built in the cold war period. ... Whiskey class submarines (locally known as project 613, 644, and 665) are a class of military submarines that the Soviet Union built in the cold war period. ... The Quebec-class submarine was the NATO reporting name of the Soviet Project 615 submarine class, a small coastal attack submarine of the late 1950s. ... The Quebec-class submarine was the NATO reporting name of the Soviet Project 615 submarine class, a small coastal attack submarine of the late 1950s. ... A submarine of the Romeo class The (NATO reporting name) Romeo class is a class of military patrol submarines that were built in the Soviet Union, the Peoples Republic of China, and North Korea. ... A submarine of the Romeo class The (NATO reporting name) Romeo class is a class of military patrol submarines that were built in the Soviet Union, the Peoples Republic of China, and North Korea. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Overview The Tango class was the NATO reporting name of a type of military diesel-electric submarine that was built in the 1970s and early 1980s in the Soviet Union. ... Families Akysidae Amblycipitidae Amphiliidae Ariidae Aspredinidae Astroblepidae Auchenipteridae Bagridae Callichthyidae Cetopsidae Chacidae Clariidae Claroteidae Cranoglanididae Diplomystidae Doradidae Erethistidae Hypophthalmidae Ictaluridae Lacantuniidae Loricariidae Malapteruridae Mochokidae Nematogenyidae Pangasiidae Parakysidae Pimelodidae Plotosidae Schilbeidae Scoloplacidae Siluridae Sisoridae Trichomycteridae Catfish (order Siluriformes) are a diverse group of fish. ... Overview The Tango class was the NATO reporting name of a type of military diesel-electric submarine that was built in the 1970s and early 1980s in the Soviet Union. ... The Project 690 Kefal class (known in the West by its Soviet Union. ... Genera Agonostomus Aldrichetta Cestraeus Cahaenomugil Chelon Crenimugil Joturus Liza Moolgarda Mugil Myxus Neomyxus Oedalechilus Rhinomugil Sicamugil Valaomugil Xenomugil The mullets are a family (Mugilidae) of ray-finned fish found worldwide in coastal temperate and tropical waters, and in some species in fresh water also. ... The Project 690 Kefal class (known in the West by its Soviet Union. ... The Yunes, an Iranian submarine of the Kilo class Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a type of military diesel-electric submarines that are made in Russia. ... Genera Lepidorhombus Phrynorhombus Psetta Scophthalmus Zeugopterus Turbots or windowpanes (family Scophthalmidae) are a group of fish found in marine or brackish waters. ... The Yunes, an Iranian submarine of the Kilo class Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a type of military diesel-electric submarines that are made in Russia. ... The Yunes, an Iranian submarine of the Kilo class Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a type of military diesel-electric submarines that are made in Russia. ... The Yunes, an Iranian submarine of the Kilo class Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a type of military diesel-electric submarines that are made in Russia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Saint-Petersburg class submarine. ... Harmony, Greek ἁρμονία harmonía meaning a fastening or join. The concept of harmony dates as far back as Pythagoras. ... The Russian Navys Project 1650 Амур (named for the Amur river) submarines are export variants of the Project 677 Lada class, a highly improved version of the Kilo class. ... The Amur River (Russian: Амур; Simplified Chinese: 黑龙江; Traditional Chinese: 黑龍江; Hanyu Pinyin: , or Black Dragon River; Mongolian: Хара-Мурэн, Khara-Muren or Black River; Manchu: Sahaliyan Ula, literal meaning Black River) is one of the world’s ten longest rivers, forming the border between the Russian Far East and Manchuria in China. ... Genera Catoprion Citharinus Pristobrycon Pygocentrus Serrasalmus The piranhas or pirañas are a group of carnivorous freshwater fish living in South American rivers. ...

Guided Missile Submarines

Project NATO reporting name
P613 Whiskey Single Cylinder
644 Whiskey Twin Cylinder
665 Whiskey Long Bin
651 Juliett

Whiskey class submarines (locally known as project 613, 644, and 665) are a class of military submarines that the Soviet Union built in the cold war period. ... Whiskey class submarines (locally known as project 613, 644, and 665) are a class of military submarines that the Soviet Union built in the cold war period. ... Whiskey class submarines (locally known as project 613, 644, and 665) are a class of military submarines that the Soviet Union built in the cold war period. ... Whiskey class submarines (locally known as project 613, 644, and 665) are a class of military submarines that the Soviet Union built in the cold war period. ... Whiskey class submarines (locally known as project 613, 644, and 665) are a class of military submarines that the Soviet Union built in the cold war period. ... Whiskey class submarines (locally known as project 613, 644, and 665) are a class of military submarines that the Soviet Union built in the cold war period. ... Known in the West by their NATO reporting name as the Juliett class, the Project 651 diesel-electric submarines were designed in the 1950s to provide the Soviet Navy with a nuclear strike capability against the east coast of the United States. ... Known in the West by their NATO reporting name as the Juliett class, the Project 651 diesel-electric submarines were designed in the 1950s to provide the Soviet Navy with a nuclear strike capability against the east coast of the United States. ...

Ballistic Missile Submarines

Project NATO reporting name
629, 609, 601, 605, 619 Golf

The Soviet Navys Project 629, also known by the NATO reporting name of Golf class, were diesel electric ballistic missile submarines. ... The Soviet Navys Project 629, also known by the NATO reporting name of Golf class, were diesel electric ballistic missile submarines. ...

Auxiliary Submarines

Project NATO reporting name
940 Ленок (Lenok, salmon) India
1710 Макрель (Makrel', mackerel) Belouga
1840 Lima

The Project 940 Lenok class (known in the West by its NATO reporting name India class) was a military submarine design of the Soviet Union. ... The Chinook or King Salmon is the largest salmon in North America and can grow to 1. ... Mackerel is a common name applied to a number of different species of fish, mostly, but not exclusively, from the family Scombridae. ... Project 1840 is the name of a Soviet diesel-electric submarine design of which only one vessel was built. ... Project 1840 is the name of a Soviet diesel-electric submarine design of which only one vessel was built. ...

Nuclear-Powered

Attack Submarines

First Generation

Project NATO reporting name
627 Кит, 645 Кит-ЖМТ (Kit, whale) November

The November class is the general NATO reporting name for the first type of nuclear-powered submarine that was put into service by the Soviet Union starting around April 1958. ... Whales are the largest species of exclusively aquatic mammals, members of the order Cetacea, which also includes dolphins and porpoises. ... The November class is the general NATO reporting name for the first type of nuclear-powered submarine that was put into service by the Soviet Union starting around April 1958. ...

Second Generation

Project NATO reporting name
685 Плавник (Plavnik, fin) Mike
671, 671B, 671K, 671R Ёрш (Yorsh, Ruffe) Victor I
671PT Victor II
671PTM Щука (Shchuka, pike) Victor III
705, 705K Лира (Lyra, the constellation) Alfa

The Project 685 (Plavnik) class (known in the west by its NATO reporting name Mike) was a class of nuclear attack submarines of the Soviet Union in the cold war period. ... The Project 685 (Plavnik) class (known in the west by its NATO reporting name Mike) was a class of nuclear attack submarines of the Soviet Union in the cold war period. ... The Victor class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally put into service by the Soviet Union around 1967. ... Binomial name Gymnocephalus cernuus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Ruffe (Gymnocephalus cernuus) is a freshwater fish found in temperate regions of Europe and northern Asia. ... The Victor class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally put into service by the Soviet Union around 1967. ... The Victor class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally put into service by the Soviet Union around 1967. ... The Victor class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally put into service by the Soviet Union around 1967. ... The Victor class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally put into service by the Soviet Union around 1967. ... Species  E. americanus–       grass and redfin pickerels  E. lucius– northern pike  E. masquinongy– muskellunge  E. niger– chain pickerel  E. reichertii– Amur pike Esox Linnaeus, 1758, is a genus of freshwater fish, the only member of the pike family (family Esocidae) of order Esociformes. ... The Victor class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally put into service by the Soviet Union around 1967. ... Alfa class submarine at sea. ... Lyra (Latin for Lyre) is one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy, and is one of the 88 modern constellations recognized by the International Astronomical Union. ... Alfa class submarine at sea. ...

Third Generation

Project NATO reporting name
971 Щука-Б (Shchuka-B, pike) Akula (note that the Soviet name for the "Typhoon" is Akula)
945 Барракуда (Barrakuda, barracuda) Sierra I
945A Кондор (Kondor, condor) Sierra II
945Б Марс (Mars, the god) Sierra III

Akula class submarine underway in the Baltic Sea Project 971 Щука-Б (Shuka-B, Shuka meaning pike, NATO reporting name Akula), is a nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN) first deployed by the Soviet Navy in 1986. ... Species  E. americanus–       grass and redfin pickerels  E. lucius– northern pike  E. masquinongy– muskellunge  E. niger– chain pickerel  E. reichertii– Amur pike Esox Linnaeus, 1758, is a genus of freshwater fish, the only member of the pike family (family Esocidae) of order Esociformes. ... Akula class submarine underway in the Baltic Sea Project 971 Щука-Б (Shuka-B, Shuka meaning pike, NATO reporting name Akula), is a nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN) first deployed by the Soviet Navy in 1986. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Species See text. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Binomial name Vultur gryphus Linnaeus, 1758 Gymnogyps californianus (Shaw, 1797) Condor is the name for two species of bird in one of the vulture families. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Mars was the Roman god of war, the son of Juno and a magical flower (or Jupiter). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

Fourth Generation

Project NATO reporting name
885 Ясень (Yasen, Ash) Graney

Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: ash // Ash may refer to: Sciences The unburnable solid remains of a fire Volcanic ash, rocky powder material ejected from a volcano Fly ash, a coal combustion product Ash (analytical chemistry), one of the components in the proximate analysis of biological materials, consisting...

Guided Missile Submarines

First Generation

Project NATO reporting name
659 Echo I
675 Echo II

Echo I and Echo II designate two classes of Soviet nuclear powered guided missile submarines. ... Echo I and Echo II designate two classes of Soviet nuclear powered guided missile submarines. ... Echo I and Echo II designate two classes of Soviet nuclear powered guided missile submarines. ... Echo I and Echo II designate two classes of Soviet nuclear powered guided missile submarines. ...

Second Generation

Project NATO reporting name
661 Анчар (Anchar, upas) Papa
667AT Груша (Grusha, pear) Yankee Notch
667M Андромеда (Andromeda, the constellation) Yankee Sidecar
670 Скат (Skat, ray) Charlie I
670M Скат-М (Skat-M, ray) Charlie II
06704 Чайка-Б (Chaika-B, seagull) Charlie

The Soviet Unions Project 661 (Anchar) nuclear-powered attack submarine design is known in the west by its NATO reporting name Papa class. ... The Upas tree (Antiaris toxicaria), an evergreen plant in the mulberry family, grows prediminantly in Southeast Asia, mainly India and Sri Lanka. ... The Soviet Unions Project 661 (Anchar) nuclear-powered attack submarine design is known in the west by its NATO reporting name Papa class. ... The Yankee class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally constructed by the Soviet Union around 1968. ... Species About 30 species, including: Pyrus amygdaliformis Pyrus austriaca Pyrus balansae Pyrus betulifolia Pyrus bourgaeana Pyrus bretschneideri Pyrus calleryana Pyrus caucasica Pyrus communis Pyrus cordata Pyrus cossonii Pyrus elaeagrifolia Pyrus fauriei Pyrus kawakamii Pyrus korshinskyi Pyrus lindleyi Pyrus nivalis Pyrus pashia Pyrus persica Pyrus phaeocarpa Pyrus pyraster Pyrus pyrifolia Pyrus... The Yankee class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally constructed by the Soviet Union around 1968. ... The Yankee class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally constructed by the Soviet Union around 1968. ... Andromeda is a constellation named for the princess Andromeda (which is Greek for Ruler over men), a character in Greek mythology. ... The Yankee class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally constructed by the Soviet Union around 1968. ... Orders Batoidea - common rays and skates Myliobatiformes - eagle rays, manta rays Pristiformes - sawfishes Torpediniformes - electric rays Rays are a group (superorder Rajomorphii or Batoidea) of cartilaginous fishes. ... Orders Batoidea - common rays and skates Myliobatiformes - eagle rays, manta rays Pristiformes - sawfishes Torpediniformes - electric rays Rays are a group (superorder Rajomorphii or Batoidea) of cartilaginous fishes. ... Seagull or Seagulls may refer to: Gull, a family of seabird, members of which are often called seagulls. ...

Third Generation

Project NATO reporting name
949 Гранит (Granit, granite) Oscar I
949A Антей (Antey, Antaeus) Oscar II

Oscar class submarine The Soviet Union’s Project 949 (Granit) and Project 949A (Antey) submarines are known in the West by their NATO reporting names: the Oscar-I and Oscar-II classes respectively. ... Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ... Oscar class submarine The Soviet Union’s Project 949 (Granit) and Project 949A (Antey) submarines are known in the West by their NATO reporting names: the Oscar-I and Oscar-II classes respectively. ... Oscar class submarine The Soviet Union’s Project 949 (Granit) and Project 949A (Antey) submarines are known in the West by their NATO reporting names: the Oscar-I and Oscar-II classes respectively. ... Hercules and Antaeus. ... Oscar class submarine The Soviet Union’s Project 949 (Granit) and Project 949A (Antey) submarines are known in the West by their NATO reporting names: the Oscar-I and Oscar-II classes respectively. ...

Ballistic Missile Submarines

First Generation

Project NATO reporting name
658, 701 Hotel

Development of the Project 658 Hotel class nuclear powered ballistic missile submarine, designed to carry the D-2 launch system and R-13 missiles, was approved on August 26, 1956. ... Development of the Project 658 Hotel class nuclear powered ballistic missile submarine, designed to carry the D-2 launch system and R-13 missiles, was approved on August 26, 1956. ...

Second Generation

Project NATO reporting name
667A Навага, 667AУ Налим (Navaga; Nalim, burbot) Yankee I
667AM Навага-М (Navaga-M) Yankee II
Delta class, comprised of:
667Б Мурена (Murena, eel) Delta I
667БД Мурена-М (Murena-M, eel) Delta II
667БДР Кальмар (Kal'mar, squid) Delta III
667БДРМ Дельфин (Del'fin, dolphin) Delta IV

The Yankee class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally constructed by the Soviet Union around 1968. ... Navaga (Eleginus navaga). ... Binomial name Lota lota Linnaeus, 1758 The burbot (Lota lota) is a fresh-water fish related to the cods. ... The Yankee class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally constructed by the Soviet Union around 1968. ... The Yankee class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally constructed by the Soviet Union around 1968. ... The Yankee class is the general NATO classification for a type of nuclear-powered submarine that was originally constructed by the Soviet Union around 1968. ... A Delta I class submarine. ... A Delta-I submarine running on the surface Overview The Delta-I Class Submarine was a large Soviet Ballistic missile Submarine designed to attack targets in the United States of America without needing to pass the SOSUS sensors to fire its missiles. ... Suborders Anguilloidei Nemichthyoidei Congroidei Synaphobranchoidei See text for families. ... A Delta-I submarine running on the surface Overview The Delta-I Class Submarine was a large Soviet Ballistic missile Submarine designed to attack targets in the United States of America without needing to pass the SOSUS sensors to fire its missiles. ... A Delta-II Class Submarine on the surface. ... Suborders Anguilloidei Nemichthyoidei Congroidei Synaphobranchoidei See text for families. ... A Delta-II Class Submarine on the surface. ... Delta III class submarine The 667BDR Kalmar (Squid) Delta-III class Submarine was a large Ballistic Missile Submarine. ... Suborders Myopsina Oegopsina Squids are a large, diverse group of marine cephalopods. ... Delta III class submarine The 667BDR Kalmar (Squid) Delta-III class Submarine was a large Ballistic Missile Submarine. ... Genera See article below. ...

Third Generation

Project NATO reporting name
941 Акула (Akula, shark) Typhoon (note that NATO uses "Akula" to refer to the Shchuka-B)

The Typhoon class submarines are a type of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines deployed by the Soviet Navy in the 1980s. ... Orders Carcharhiniformes Heterodontiformes Hexanchiformes Lamniformes Orectolobiformes Pristiophoriformes Squaliformes Squatiniformes Sharks are a group (superorder Selachimorpha) of fish, with a full cartilaginous skeleton and a streamlined body, with normally 5, but up to 7 (depending on species) gill slits along the side of, or beginning slightly behind, the head (in some... The Typhoon class submarines are a type of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines deployed by the Soviet Navy in the 1980s. ...

Fourth Generation

Project NATO reporting name
955 Борей (Borei) Borei

The Borei class is a nuclear-powered ballistic missile-carrying submarine currently in development by Russia. ... The Borei class is a nuclear-powered ballistic missile-carrying submarine currently in development by Russia. ...

Auxiliary Submarines

Project NATO reporting name
1910 Кашалот (Kashalot, cachalot) Uniform
885 Ясень (Yasen, ash) Graney
977.4 Аксон (Akson) Yankee Pod
978 Yankee Stretch

  Results from FactBites:
 
List of Soviet and Russian submarine classes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (284 words)
Submarines in the Soviet Navy were developed by numbered "projects," which sometimes but not always were given names.
The NATO reporting names were based on the British (and later American) habit of naming submarines with a letter of the alphabet indicating the class, followed by a serial number of that class.
Most Russian (and Soviet) submarines had no "personal" name, but were only known by a number, prefixed by letters identifying the boat's type at a higher level than her class.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m