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Encyclopedia > List of Roman emperors

This is a list of the Roman Emperors with the dates they ruled the Roman Empire. Roman Emperor is the term historians use to refer to rulers of the Roman Empire, after the epoch conventionally named the Roman Republic. ... For other senses of this name, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ...


Note that in the list below Julius Caesar is not mentioned as an Emperor, as conventionally he is not considered as such. For a more in-depth discussion of whether or not Julius Caesar might have been considered as the first Emperor, see Roman Emperor. Gaius Julius Caesar (IPA: ; Classical Latin: IMP•C•IVLIVS•CAESAR•DIVVS[1]), July 12, 100 BC – March 15, 44 BC) was a Roman military and political leader. ... Roman Emperor is the term historians use to refer to rulers of the Roman Empire, after the epoch conventionally named the Roman Republic. ...


For the worship of the Roman Emperor as a god, see Imperial cult. Look up deity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Imperial cult in Ancient Rome was the worship of the Roman Emperor as a god. ...


For a simplified list see: Concise List of Roman Emperors This is the short overview of Roman Emperors: for more detail and explanation, see: list of Roman Emperors and Roman Emperor. ...


italics: claimant who cannot be considered to have ruled, or who held power over part of the empire only
bold: nickname by which the individual is commonly known

Contents


The Principate

The Principate is, according to its etymological derivation from the Latin word princeps, meaning chief or first, the political regime dominated by such a head of state and government. ...

Julio-Claudian dynasty

Reign Common name Personal name & Title
at birth/
on eve of accession
Imperial name Notes
16 January 27 BC to 19 August AD 14 Augustus GAIVS OCTAVIVS
GAIVS IVLIVS CAESAR OCTAVIANVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR DIVI FILIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR DIVI FILIVS AVGVSTVS 12BC: Pontifex Maximus
19 August 14 to 16 March 37 Tiberius TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS NERO
TIBERIVS IVLIVS CAESAR
TIBERIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS AD15: Pontifex Maximus
18 March 37 to 24 January 41 Caligula GAIVS IVLIVS CAESAR GERMANICVS
GAIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS CALIGVLA
GAIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS Nickname Caligula, (Little-boots); AD37: Pontifex Maximus, Pater Patriae;
Assassinated
24 January 41 to 13 October 54 Claudius TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS DRVSVS
TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS DRVSVS NERO GERMANICVS
TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS AD42: Pater Patriae;
Assassinated by poisoning
October 54 to 11 June 68 Nero LVCIVS DOMITIVS AHENOBARBVS

NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR DRVSVS GERMANICVS The Julio-Claudian dynasty was the series of the first five Roman Emperors. ... Do not change January 16 it preserves the date correctly formatted and stops robots from delinking it. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC - 20s BC - 10s BC 0s 10s 20s 30s Years: 32 BC 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC 25 BC 24 BC 23 BC 22... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events First year of tianfeng era of the Chinese Xin Dynasty. ... Augustus Caesar Caesar Augustus (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·AVGVSTVS)¹ (23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14), known earlier in his life as Gaius Octavius or Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, was the first Roman Emperor and is traditionally considered the greatest. ... Augustus Caesar Caesar Augustus (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·AVGVSTVS)¹ (23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14), known earlier in his life as Gaius Octavius or Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, was the first Roman Emperor and is traditionally considered the greatest. ... Augustus Caesar Caesar Augustus (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·AVGVSTVS)¹ (23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14), known earlier in his life as Gaius Octavius or Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, was the first Roman Emperor and is traditionally considered the greatest. ... Augustus Caesar Caesar Augustus (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·AVGVSTVS)¹ (23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14), known earlier in his life as Gaius Octavius or Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, was the first Roman Emperor and is traditionally considered the greatest. ... Augustus Caesar Caesar Augustus (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·AVGVSTVS)¹ (23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14), known earlier in his life as Gaius Octavius or Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, was the first Roman Emperor and is traditionally considered the greatest. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC - 10s BC - 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s Years: 17 BC 16 BC 15 BC 14 BC 13 BC 12 BC 11 BC 10 BC 9 BC 8 BC 7 BC... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events First year of tianfeng era of the Chinese Xin Dynasty. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in Leap years). ... Events March 18 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius will and proclaims Caligula Roman Emperor. ... Tiberius Caesar Augustus, born Tiberius Claudius Nero (November 16, 42 BC – March 16 AD 37), was the second Roman Emperor, from the death of Augustus in AD 14 until his own death in 37. ... Tiberius Caesar Augustus, born Tiberius Claudius Nero (November 16, 42 BC – March 16 AD 37), was the second Roman Emperor, from the death of Augustus in AD 14 until his own death in 37. ... Tiberius Caesar Augustus, born Tiberius Claudius Nero (November 16, 42 BC – March 16 AD 37), was the second Roman Emperor, from the death of Augustus in AD 14 until his own death in 37. ... Tiberius Caesar Augustus, born Tiberius Claudius Nero (November 16, 42 BC – March 16 AD 37), was the second Roman Emperor, from the death of Augustus in AD 14 until his own death in 37. ... Events Valerius Gratus is appointed Prefect of Iudaea. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... Events March 18 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius will and proclaims Caligula Roman Emperor. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 24 - Roman Emperor Gaius Caesar (Caligula), known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. ... Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (August 31, 12 – January 24, 41), most commonly known as Caligula, was the third Roman Emperor and a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, ruling from 37 to 41. ... Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (August 31, 12 – January 24, 41), most commonly known as Caligula, was the third Roman Emperor and a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, ruling from 37 to 41. ... Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (August 31, 12 – January 24, 41), most commonly known as Caligula, was the third Roman Emperor and a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, ruling from 37 to 41. ... Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (August 31, 12 – January 24, 41), most commonly known as Caligula, was the third Roman Emperor and a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, ruling from 37 to 41. ... Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (August 31, 12 – January 24, 41), most commonly known as Caligula, was the third Roman Emperor and a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, ruling from 37 to 41. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 24 - Roman Emperor Gaius Caesar (Caligula), known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years). ... Events October 13 - Roman Empire emperor Claudius dies after being poisoned by Agrippina, his wife and niece. ... For other uses, see Claudius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Claudius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Claudius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Claudius (disambiguation). ... Events Romans take control of Ceuta. ... Events October 13 - Roman Empire emperor Claudius dies after being poisoned by Agrippina, his wife and niece. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ... Centuries: 1st century BCE - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s - 60s - 70s 80s 90s 100s 110s Years: 63 64 65 66 67 - 68 - 69 70 71 72 73 Events June 9 - Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide. ... Nero Claudius Cæsar Augustus Germanicus (December 15, 37 – June 9, 68), born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, also called Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, was the fifth and last Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty (54–68). ... Nero Claudius Cæsar Augustus Germanicus (December 15, 37 – June 9, 68), born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, also called Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, was the fifth and last Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty (54–68). ... Nero Claudius Cæsar Augustus Germanicus (December 15, 37 – June 9, 68), born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, also called Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, was the fifth and last Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty (54–68). ...

NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS AD55: Pontifex Maximus; later Pater Patriae;
Committed suicide

Nero Claudius Cæsar Augustus Germanicus (December 15, 37 – June 9, 68), born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, also called Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, was the fifth and last Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty (54–68). ...

Year of the four emperors

Reign Common name Personal name & Title
at birth/
on eve of accession
Imperial name Notes
8 June 68 to 15 January 69 Galba SERVIVS SVLPICIVS GALBA SERVIVS GALBA IMPERATOR CAESAR AVGVSTVS Murdered by Otho;
see: Year of the four emperors
15 January 69 to 16 April 69 Otho MARCVS SALVIVS OTHO IMPERATOR MARCVS OTHO CAESAR AVGVSTVS Committed suicide;
see: Year of the four emperors
17 April 69 to 20 December 69 Vitellius AVLVS VITELLIVS AVLVS VITELLIVS GERMANICVS IMPERATOR AVGVSTVS Co-emperor; murdered in the Forum;
see: Year of the four emperors

The forced suicide of emperor Nero, in 68 AD, was followed by a brief period of civil war (the first Roman civil war since Antonys death in 31 BC) known as the Year of the four emperors. ... June 8 is the 159th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (160th in leap years), with 206 days remaining. ... Centuries: 1st century BCE - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s - 60s - 70s 80s 90s 100s 110s Years: 63 64 65 66 67 - 68 - 69 70 71 72 73 Events June 9 - Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The Year of the four emperors: After Neros death, Galba, Otho and Vitellius are all Roman emperor a short time before eventually Vespasian takes over. ... Head of Galba at the Louvre. ... Head of Galba at the Louvre. ... Head of Galba at the Louvre. ... Emperor Otho. ... The forced suicide of emperor Nero, in 68 AD, was followed by a brief period of civil war (the first Roman civil war since Antonys death in 31 BC) known as the Year of the four emperors. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The Year of the four emperors: After Neros death, Galba, Otho and Vitellius are all Roman emperor a short time before eventually Vespasian takes over. ... April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (107th in leap years). ... Events The Year of the four emperors: After Neros death, Galba, Otho and Vitellius are all Roman emperor a short time before eventually Vespasian takes over. ... Emperor Otho. ... Emperor Otho. ... Emperor Otho. ... The forced suicide of emperor Nero, in 68 AD, was followed by a brief period of civil war (the first Roman civil war since Antonys death in 31 BC) known as the Year of the four emperors. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... Events The Year of the four emperors: After Neros death, Galba, Otho and Vitellius are all Roman emperor a short time before eventually Vespasian takes over. ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The Year of the four emperors: After Neros death, Galba, Otho and Vitellius are all Roman emperor a short time before eventually Vespasian takes over. ... Vitellius, Museo Nazionale della Civiltà Romana, Rome Aulus Vitellius Germanicus (September 24, 15–December 22, 69) was Roman Emperor from April 17 69 to December 22 of the same year, one of the emperors in the Year of the four emperors. He was the son of Lucius Vitellius, who had... Vitellius, Museo Nazionale della Civiltà Romana, Rome Aulus Vitellius Germanicus (September 24, 15–December 22, 69) was Roman Emperor from April 17 69 to December 22 of the same year, one of the emperors in the Year of the four emperors. He was the son of Lucius Vitellius, who had... Vitellius, Museo Nazionale della Civiltà Romana, Rome Aulus Vitellius Germanicus (September 24, 15–December 22, 69) was Roman Emperor from April 17 69 to December 22 of the same year, one of the emperors in the Year of the four emperors. He was the son of Lucius Vitellius, who had... The forced suicide of emperor Nero, in 68 AD, was followed by a brief period of civil war (the first Roman civil war since Antonys death in 31 BC) known as the Year of the four emperors. ...

Flavian Dynasty

Reign Common name Personal name & Title
at birth/
on eve of accession
Imperial name Notes
1 July 69 to 24 June 79 Vespasian TITVS FLAVIVS VESPASIANVS IMPERATOR VESPASIANVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS AD70: Pontifex Maximus Pater Patriae
co-emperor;
see: Year of the four emperors
24 June 79 to 13 September 81 Titus TITVS FLAVIVS VESPASIANVS
TITVS CAESAR VESPASIANVS
IMPERATOR TITVS CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVS AD70: Pontifex Maximus Pater Patriae
from August 69
IMPERATOR TITVS CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVS
14 September 81 to 18 September 96 Domitian TITVS FLAVIVS DOMITIANVS
CAESAR DOMITIANVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVGVSTVS, PONTIFEX MAXIMVS PATER PATRIAE lateAD83: Germanicus;
assassinated

The Flavian dynasty was a series of three Roman Emperors who ruled from 69, the Year of the Four Emperors, to 96, when the last member was assassinated. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... Events The Year of the four emperors: After Neros death, Galba, Otho and Vitellius are all Roman emperor a short time before eventually Vespasian takes over. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... AD79 Events June 23 - Titus succeeds his father Vespasian as Roman emperor. ... Vespasian sestertius, struck in 71 to celebrate the victory in the Jewish Rebellion. ... Vespasian sestertius, struck in 71 to celebrate the victory in the Jewish Rebellion. ... Vespasian sestertius, struck in 71 to celebrate the victory in the Jewish Rebellion. ... Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s - 70s - 80s 90s 100s 110s 120s Years: 65 66 67 68 69 - 70 - 71 72 73 74 75 Events The building of the Colosseum starts (approximate date). ... The forced suicide of emperor Nero, in 68 AD, was followed by a brief period of civil war (the first Roman civil war since Antonys death in 31 BC) known as the Year of the four emperors. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... AD79 Events June 23 - Titus succeeds his father Vespasian as Roman emperor. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 0s BC - 0s - 10s - 20s - 30s - 40s - 50s - 60s - 70s - 80s - 90s - 100s Years: 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 Events Domitian succeeds his brother Titus Flavius as emperor of the Roman Empire. ... Titus Flavius Vespasianus (December 30, 39–September 13, 81) ruled the Roman Empire from 79 to 81. ... Titus Flavius Vespasianus (December 30, 39–September 13, 81) ruled the Roman Empire from 79 to 81. ... This is about the emperor of ancient Rome. ... This is about the emperor of ancient Rome. ... Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s - 70s - 80s 90s 100s 110s 120s Years: 65 66 67 68 69 - 70 - 71 72 73 74 75 Events The building of the Colosseum starts (approximate date). ... Events The Year of the four emperors: After Neros death, Galba, Otho and Vitellius are all Roman emperor a short time before eventually Vespasian takes over. ... This is about the emperor of ancient Rome. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 0s BC - 0s - 10s - 20s - 30s - 40s - 50s - 60s - 70s - 80s - 90s - 100s Years: 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 Events Domitian succeeds his brother Titus Flavius as emperor of the Roman Empire. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... For other uses, see number 96. ... Domitian bust in the Louvre Titus Flavius Domitianus (24 October 51 – 18 September 96), commonly known as Domitian, was a Roman emperor of the gens Flavia. ... Domitian bust in the Louvre Titus Flavius Domitianus (24 October 51 – 18 September 96), commonly known as Domitian, was a Roman emperor of the gens Flavia. ... Domitian bust in the Louvre Titus Flavius Domitianus (24 October 51 – 18 September 96), commonly known as Domitian, was a Roman emperor of the gens Flavia. ... Domitian bust in the Louvre Titus Flavius Domitianus (24 October 51 – 18 September 96), commonly known as Domitian, was a Roman emperor of the gens Flavia. ... For other uses, see number 83. ...

The Five Good Emperors

Reign Common name Personal name & Title
at birth/
on eve of accession
Imperial name Notes
18 September 96 to 27 January 98 Nerva MARCVS COCCEIVS NERVA IMPERATOR NERVA CAESAR AVGVSTVS, PATER PATRIAE  
28 January 98 to 7 August 117 Trajan MARCVS VLPIVS TRAIANVS
MARCVS VLPIVS NERVA TRAIANVS GERMANICVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR DIVI NERVAE FILIVS NERVA TRAIANVS GERMANICVS AVGVSTVS AD98: Pater Patriae; 102: Dacicus; 114: Parthicus; Aug/Sep 114: Optimus
11 August 117 to 10 July 138 Hadrian PVBLIVS AELIVS HADRIANVS
PVBLIVS AELIVS TRAIANVS HADRIANVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS  
10 July 138 to 7 March 161 Antoninus Pius TITVS AVRELIVS FVLVVS BOIONIVS ARRIVS ANTONINVS
IMPERATOR TITVS AELIVS CAESAR ANTONINVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR TITVS AELIVS HADRIANVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS post7 March 161: Pius; 139: Pater Patriae
143 Acclaimed emperor a second time
7 March 161 to 17 March 180 Marcus Aurelius MARCVS ANNIVS VERVS
AVRELIVS CAESAR AVGVSTI PII FILIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS co-emperor with Lucius Verus to March 169; 164: Armeniacus Medicus Parthicus Maximus; 166: Pater Patriae; 172: Germanicus; 175: Sarmaticus
7 March 161 to March 169 Lucius Verus LVCIVS CEIONIVS COMMODVS
LVCIVS AELIVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR LVCIVS AVRELIVS VERVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Marcus Aurelius164: Armeniacus; 165: Parthicus Maximus; 166: Medicus, Pater Patriae
175 Avidius Cassius GAIVS AVIDIVS CASSIVS   Usurper; proclaimed emperor: ruled in Egypt and Syria; murdered by a centurion
177 to 31 December 192 Commodus LVCIVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS ANTONINVS
LVCIVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS CAESAR ANTONINVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR LVCIVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS AVGVSTVS PATER PATRIAE Co-emperor with Marcus Aurelius to 17 March 180;
Murdered: strangled by a wrestler
from 180 IMPERATOR CAESAR LVCIVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS PATER PATRIAE Sole emperor

The Five Good Emperors (sometimes erroneously called the Nervan-Antonian Dynasty, which is actually a conflation of the Nervo-Trajanic and Antonine dynasties, including Commodus) were a series of five emperors of the Roman Empire who ruled from 96 to 180. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... For other uses, see number 96. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Roman emperor Nerva succeeded by Trajan Tacitus finished his Germania (approximate date) Births Deaths January 27: Nerva, Roman emperor Apollonius of Tyana, Greek/Roman philosopher and mathematician (b. ... Marcus Cocceius Nerva (November 8, 30 –January 27, 98), Roman emperor (96–98), was a member of the Italian nobility rather than one of the elite of Rome; in this he was like Vespasian, the founder of the Flavian dynasty. ... Marcus Cocceius Nerva (November 8, 30 –January 27, 98), Roman emperor (96–98), was a member of the Italian nobility rather than one of the elite of Rome; in this he was like Vespasian, the founder of the Flavian dynasty. ... Marcus Cocceius Nerva (November 8, 30 –January 27, 98), Roman emperor (96–98), was a member of the Italian nobility rather than one of the elite of Rome; in this he was like Vespasian, the founder of the Flavian dynasty. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Roman emperor Nerva succeeded by Trajan Tacitus finished his Germania (approximate date) Births Deaths January 27: Nerva, Roman emperor Apollonius of Tyana, Greek/Roman philosopher and mathematician (b. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... // Events Trajan subdued a Judean revolt, then fell seriously ill, leaving Hadrian in command of the east. ... Marble statue of Trajan at Xanten (Colonia Ulpia Traiana). ... Marble statue of Trajan at Xanten (Colonia Ulpia Traiana). ... Marble statue of Trajan at Xanten (Colonia Ulpia Traiana). ... Marble statue of Trajan at Xanten (Colonia Ulpia Traiana). ... Events Roman emperor Nerva succeeded by Trajan Tacitus finished his Germania (approximate date) Births Deaths January 27: Nerva, Roman emperor Apollonius of Tyana, Greek/Roman philosopher and mathematician (b. ... For other uses, see number 102. ... Events First year of Yuanchu era of the Chinese Eastern Han Dynasty. ... Events First year of Yuanchu era of the Chinese Eastern Han Dynasty. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... // Events Trajan subdued a Judean revolt, then fell seriously ill, leaving Hadrian in command of the east. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... Events February 25 - Roman emperor Hadrian adopted Antoninus Pius on condition that Antonius would adopt Marcus Annius Aurelius Verus. ... A bust of Hadrian. ... A bust of Hadrian. ... A bust of Hadrian. ... A bust of Hadrian. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... Events February 25 - Roman emperor Hadrian adopted Antoninus Pius on condition that Antonius would adopt Marcus Annius Aurelius Verus. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in leap years). ... Events March 7 - Roman emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. ... Emperor Antoninus Pius Sestertius of Antoninus Pius, with the personification of Italia on reverse. ... Emperor Antoninus Pius Sestertius of Antoninus Pius, with the personification of Italia on reverse. ... Emperor Antoninus Pius Sestertius of Antoninus Pius, with the personification of Italia on reverse. ... Emperor Antoninus Pius Sestertius of Antoninus Pius, with the personification of Italia on reverse. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in leap years). ... Events March 7 - Roman emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. ... Events Births Deaths Zhang Heng, Chinese mathematician Categories: 139 ... Events A revolt of the Brigantes tribe of Britannia was suppresed by Q. Lollius Urbicus Births Emperor Chong of Han China Category: ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in leap years). ... Events March 7 - Roman emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. ... March 17 is the 76th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (77th in Leap years). ... For other uses, see number 180. ... Marcus Aurelius Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (April 26, 121 – March 17, 180) was Roman Emperor from 161 to his death. ... Marcus Aurelius Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (April 26, 121 – March 17, 180) was Roman Emperor from 161 to his death. ... Marcus Aurelius Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (April 26, 121 – March 17, 180) was Roman Emperor from 161 to his death. ... Marcus Aurelius Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (April 26, 121 – March 17, 180) was Roman Emperor from 161 to his death. ... Lucius Verus Verus is a disambiguation page linking to articles about more than one person of that name. ... For other uses, see number 169. ... Events Ctesiphon is captured by the Romans, but returned to the Parthians after the end of the war. ... Events Pope Soter succeeds Pope Anicetus Change of Patriarch of Constantinople from Patriarch Laurence to Patriarch Alypius Dacia invaded by barbarians Conflict erupts on the Danube frontier between Rome and the Germanic tribe of the Marcomanni Roman envoy sent out by emperor Antoninus Pius. ... Events Last (5th) year of Jianning era and start of Xiping era of the Chinese Han Dynasty. ... Events Pope Eleuterus succeeds Pope Soter (approximate date) Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius defeats the Marcomanni. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in leap years). ... Events March 7 - Roman emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. ... For other uses, see number 169. ... Lucius Verus Verus is a disambiguation page linking to articles about more than one person of that name. ... Lucius Verus Verus is a disambiguation page linking to articles about more than one person of that name. ... Lucius Verus Verus is a disambiguation page linking to articles about more than one person of that name. ... Lucius Verus Verus is a disambiguation page linking to articles about more than one person of that name. ... Marcus Aurelius Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (April 26, 121 – March 17, 180) was Roman Emperor from 161 to his death. ... Events Ctesiphon is captured by the Romans, but returned to the Parthians after the end of the war. ... Events Roman operations under Avidius Cassius was successful against Parthia, capturing Artaxata, Seleucia, and Ctesiphon. ... Events Pope Soter succeeds Pope Anicetus Change of Patriarch of Constantinople from Patriarch Laurence to Patriarch Alypius Dacia invaded by barbarians Conflict erupts on the Danube frontier between Rome and the Germanic tribe of the Marcomanni Roman envoy sent out by emperor Antoninus Pius. ... Events Pope Eleuterus succeeds Pope Soter (approximate date) Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius defeats the Marcomanni. ... Gaius Avidius Cassius (ca. ... Gaius Avidius Cassius (ca. ... Events A systematic persecution of Christians begins in Rome under Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events The kingdom of Champa begins to control south and central Vietnam (approximate date). ... Commodus Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (originally Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus) (August 31, 161–December 31, 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 180 to 192. ... Commodus Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (originally Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus) (August 31, 161–December 31, 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 180 to 192. ... Commodus Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (originally Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus) (August 31, 161–December 31, 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 180 to 192. ... Commodus Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (originally Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus) (August 31, 161–December 31, 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 180 to 192. ... Marcus Aurelius Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (April 26, 121 – March 17, 180) was Roman Emperor from 161 to his death. ... March 17 is the 76th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (77th in Leap years). ... For other uses, see number 180. ... For other uses, see number 180. ... Commodus Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (originally Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus) (August 31, 161–December 31, 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 180 to 192. ...

Severan Dynasty

Reign Common name Personal name & Title
at birth/
on eve of accession
Imperial name Notes
1 January 193 to 28 March 193 Pertinax PVBLIVS HELVIVS PERTINAX IMPERATOR CAESAR PVBLIVS HELVIVS PERTINAX AVGVSTVS recognized as emperor by Septimius Severus; murdered by soldiers on the Palatine
28 March 193 to 1 June 193 Didius Julianus MARCVS DIDIVS SEVERVS IVLIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS DIDIVS SEVERVS IVLIANVS AVGVSTVS Sentenced to death by the Senate; murdered on the Palatine
9 April 193 to 4 February 211 Septimius Severus LVCIVS SEPTIMVS SEVERVS IMPERATOR CAESAR LVCIVS SEPTIMVS SEVERVS PERTINAX AVGVSTVS PROCONSVL 9 June 193: Pontifex Maximus; late193: Pater Patriae; 195: Divi Marci Pii filius Divi Commodi Frater; Pius; Arabicus, Adiabenicus; 198: Parthicus Maximus; 209/210: Britannicus Maximus
193 to 194/195 Pescennius Niger GAIVS PESCENNIVS NIGER   Claimant: emperor in Syria
193/195 to 197 Clodius Albinus DECIMVS CLODIVS SEPTIMIVS ALBINVS   Claimant: emperor in Britain
198 to 4 April 217 Caracalla LVCIVS SEPTIMIVS BASSIANVS
CARACALLA
IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS SEVERVS ANTONINVS PIVS AVGVSTVS 199: Pater Patriae; 200: Pius Felix; 209/210: Britannicus Maximus
4 February 211 to 8 February 217 IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS PATER PATRIAE BRITANNICVS MAXIMVS PROCONSVL 213: Germanicus Maximus;
Murdered by Macrinus
209 to 4 February 211 Geta PVBLIVS SEPTIMVS GETA   Murdered by Caracalla
4 February 211 to December 211 IMPERATOR CAESAR PVBLIVS SEPTIMIVS GETA AVGVSTVS
11 April 217 to June 218 Macrinus MARCVS OPELLIVS MACRINVS IMPERATOR MARCVS OPELLIVS SEVERVS MACRINVS AVGVSTVS PIVS FELIX PROCONSVL ?June 217: Pater Patriae; Pontifex Maximus;
Executed
May 217 to June 218 Diadumenian MARCVS OPELLIVS DIADVMENIANVS IMPERATOR MARCVS OPELLIVS ANTONINVS DIADVMENIANVS CAESAR SEVERVS Executed
June 218 to 222 Elagabalus VARIVS AVITVS BASSIANVS
MARCVS AVRELIVS ANTONINVS
ELAGABALVS
IMPERATOR MARCVS AVRELIVS ANTONINVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS PROCONSVL July 218: Pater Patriae, Pontifex Maximus; 220: Sacerdos Amplissimus Dei Invicti Solis Elagabali
Assassinated
13 March 222 to ?March 235 Alexander Severus BASSIANVS ALEXIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS SEVERVS ALEXANDER PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Pontifex Maximus
Assassinated

This is a family tree of the Severan dynasty of the Roman Empire. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in leap years). ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... Pertinax (Archaeological museum, Antakya) Publius Helvius Pertinax (August 1, 126 - March 28, 193) was proclaimed Roman Emperor the morning following the assassination of Commodus on December 31, AD 192. ... Pertinax (Archaeological museum, Antakya) Publius Helvius Pertinax (August 1, 126 - March 28, 193) was proclaimed Roman Emperor the morning following the assassination of Commodus on December 31, AD 192. ... Pertinax (Archaeological museum, Antakya) Publius Helvius Pertinax (August 1, 126 - March 28, 193) was proclaimed Roman Emperor the morning following the assassination of Commodus on December 31, AD 192. ... Lucius Septimius Severus, (April 11, 146-February 4, 211) was Roman emperor from April 9, 193 to 211. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in leap years). ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... Didius Julianus Marcus Severus Didius Julianus (133–193) was emperor of the Roman Empire from 28 March until 1 June 193. ... Didius Julianus Marcus Severus Didius Julianus (133–193) was emperor of the Roman Empire from 28 March until 1 June 193. ... Didius Julianus Marcus Severus Didius Julianus (133–193) was emperor of the Roman Empire from 28 March until 1 June 193. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year 211. ... Lucius Septimius Severus, (April 11, 146-February 4, 211) was Roman emperor from April 9, 193 to 211. ... Lucius Septimius Severus, (April 11, 146-February 4, 211) was Roman emperor from April 9, 193 to 211. ... Lucius Septimius Severus, (April 11, 146-February 4, 211) was Roman emperor from April 9, 193 to 211. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... Events Roman Emperor Septimius Severus had the Senate deify Commodus while trying to gain favor with the family of Marcus Aurelius. ... Events Publius Septimius Geta receives the title of Caesar. ... Events Publius Septimius Geta receives the titles of Imperator and Augustus from his father, Roman emperor Septimius Severus. ... Events Caracalla is Roman Consul Births Dexippus, Greek historian Mani, founder of Manichaeism (approximate date) Deaths Sauromates II, King of Bosporus Claudius Galen, Greek scholar Monoimus, Arab gnostic (approximate date) Zhou Yu, Chinese strategist Category: ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... Events Roman Empire Pescennius Niger, competitor of Septimius Severus for the Roman Empire, is defeated in three successive battles at Battle of Cyzicus, Battle of Nicaea and Battle of Issus, and killed outside Antioch by Severus troops. ... Events Roman Emperor Septimius Severus had the Senate deify Commodus while trying to gain favor with the family of Marcus Aurelius. ... Pescennius Niger as emperor. ... Pescennius Niger as emperor. ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... Events Roman Emperor Septimius Severus had the Senate deify Commodus while trying to gain favor with the family of Marcus Aurelius. ... Events Roman Emperor Septimius Severus sacks Ctesiphon and captures an enormous number of its inhabitants as slaves. ... Clodius Albinus. ... Clodius Albinus. ... Events Publius Septimius Geta receives the title of Caesar. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... Events Macrinus becomes Roman Emperor on the death of Caracalla. ... Caracalla Caracalla (April 4, 186–April 8, 217) was emperor of the Roman Empire from AD 211–217. ... Caracalla Caracalla (April 4, 186–April 8, 217) was emperor of the Roman Empire from AD 211–217. ... Caracalla Caracalla (April 4, 186–April 8, 217) was emperor of the Roman Empire from AD 211–217. ... Caracalla Caracalla (April 4, 186–April 8, 217) was emperor of the Roman Empire from AD 211–217. ... Events Pope Zephyrinus succeeds Pope Victor I Geodeung succeeds Suro as king of the Korean kingdom of Gaya. ... For other uses, see number 200. ... Events Publius Septimius Geta receives the titles of Imperator and Augustus from his father, Roman emperor Septimius Severus. ... Events Caracalla is Roman Consul Births Dexippus, Greek historian Mani, founder of Manichaeism (approximate date) Deaths Sauromates II, King of Bosporus Claudius Galen, Greek scholar Monoimus, Arab gnostic (approximate date) Zhou Yu, Chinese strategist Category: ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year 211. ... February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Macrinus becomes Roman Emperor on the death of Caracalla. ... Caracalla Caracalla (April 4, 186–April 8, 217) was emperor of the Roman Empire from AD 211–217. ... Events Cao Cao, the prime minister of the Han dynasty, is given ten cities as his territories and the title Wei Gong (noble of Wei). ... Macrinus on an aureus. ... Events Publius Septimius Geta receives the titles of Imperator and Augustus from his father, Roman emperor Septimius Severus. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year 211. ... Publius Septimius Geta Publius Septimius Geta (March 7, 189–December 211), was a Roman Emperor co-ruling with his father Septimius Severus and his older brother Caracalla from 209 to his death. ... Publius Septimius Geta Publius Septimius Geta (March 7, 189–December 211), was a Roman Emperor co-ruling with his father Septimius Severus and his older brother Caracalla from 209 to his death. ... Caracalla Caracalla (April 4, 186–April 8, 217) was emperor of the Roman Empire from AD 211–217. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year 211. ... This article is about the year 211. ... Publius Septimius Geta Publius Septimius Geta (March 7, 189–December 211), was a Roman Emperor co-ruling with his father Septimius Severus and his older brother Caracalla from 209 to his death. ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... Events Macrinus becomes Roman Emperor on the death of Caracalla. ... Events May 16 - Heliogabalus is acclaimed as Roman Emperor. ... Macrinus on an aureus. ... Macrinus on an aureus. ... Macrinus on an aureus. ... Events Macrinus becomes Roman Emperor on the death of Caracalla. ... Events Macrinus becomes Roman Emperor on the death of Caracalla. ... Events May 16 - Heliogabalus is acclaimed as Roman Emperor. ... Marcus Opellius Antoninus Diadumenianus or Diadumenian, Roman Caesar (junior emperor), died 218 A.D. was the son of Emperor Macrinus who served his father briefly as Caesar (junior emperor) from May, 217 to 218 A.D. and as Augustus in 218. ... Marcus Opellius Antoninus Diadumenianus or Diadumenian, Roman Caesar (junior emperor), died 218 A.D. was the son of Emperor Macrinus who served his father briefly as Caesar (junior emperor) from May, 217 to 218 A.D. and as Augustus in 218. ... Marcus Opellius Antoninus Diadumenianus or Diadumenian, Roman Caesar (junior emperor), died 218 A.D. was the son of Emperor Macrinus who served his father briefly as Caesar (junior emperor) from May, 217 to 218 A.D. and as Augustus in 218. ... Events May 16 - Heliogabalus is acclaimed as Roman Emperor. ... Events Pope Urban I succeeds Pope Callixtus I Roman Emperor Alexander Severus succeeds Heliogabalus Kingdom of Wu is established in China Sun Quan defeats Liu Bei at the Battle of Yi Ling Deaths March 11 - Roman Emperor Heliogabalus murdered Tertullian, theologian Pope Callixtus I Claudius Aelianus, teacher and rhetorician Ma... A bust depicting Elagabalus. ... A bust depicting Elagabalus. ... A bust depicting Elagabalus. ... A bust depicting Elagabalus. ... A bust depicting Elagabalus. ... Events May 16 - Heliogabalus is acclaimed as Roman Emperor. ... Events Han Xiandi abdicates his throne to Cao Pi, symbolizing the end of the Han Dynasty and the beginning of the Three Kingdoms period in China. ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... Events Pope Urban I succeeds Pope Callixtus I Roman Emperor Alexander Severus succeeds Heliogabalus Kingdom of Wu is established in China Sun Quan defeats Liu Bei at the Battle of Yi Ling Deaths March 11 - Roman Emperor Heliogabalus murdered Tertullian, theologian Pope Callixtus I Claudius Aelianus, teacher and rhetorician Ma... Events Maximinus Thrax becomes Roman Emperor. ... Alexander Severus Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexandrus (October 1, 208- March 18?, 235), commonly called Alexander Severus, Roman emperor from 222 to 235, was born at Arca Caesarea in Palestine. ... Alexander Severus Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexandrus (October 1, 208- March 18?, 235), commonly called Alexander Severus, Roman emperor from 222 to 235, was born at Arca Caesarea in Palestine. ... Alexander Severus Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexandrus (October 1, 208- March 18?, 235), commonly called Alexander Severus, Roman emperor from 222 to 235, was born at Arca Caesarea in Palestine. ...

Crisis of the Third Century

Crisis of the Third Century (also known as the Military Anarchy or the Imperial Crisis ) is a commonly applied name for the crumbling and near collapse of the Roman Empire between 235 and 284 caused by the three simultaneous crises of external invasion, internal civil war and economic collapse. ...

Emperors during the height of the Crisis

Reign Common name Personal name & Title
at birth/
on eve of accession
Imperial name Notes
February/March 235 to March/April 238 Maximinus Thrax GAIVS IVLIVS VERVS MAXIMINVS THRAX IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS JVLIVS VERVS MAXIMINVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Murdered by troops
earlyJanuary/March 238 to lateJanuary/April 238 Gordian I MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS SEMPRONIANVS AFRICANVS Committed suicide
earlyJanuary March 238 to lateJanuary/April 238 Gordian II NARCYS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS SEMPRONIANVS AFRICANVS Killed in battle
earlyFebruary 238 to earlyMay 238 Pupienus Maximus MARCVS CLODIVS PVPIENVS MAXIMVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS CLODIVS PVPIENVS MAXIMVS AVGVSTVS Murdered by the Praetorians
earlyFebruary 238 to earlyMay 238 Balbinus DECIMVS CAELIVS ANTONIVS BALBINVS
DECIMVS CAELIVS CALVINVS BALBINVS
  Murdered by the Praetorians
May 238 to February 244 Gordian III MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS
MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS PIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Murdered
240 Sabinianus     Proclaimed himself emperor; defeated in battle
February 244 to September/October 249 Philip the Arab MARCVS IVLIVS PHILLIPVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILLIPVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Killed in battle by Decius
248 Pacatianus TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS MARINVS PACATIANVS   Proclaimed himself emperor; murdered by his own soldiers
248 Jotapian MARCVS FVLVIVS RVFVS IOTAPIANVS   Claimant
248 Silbannacus     Usurper
249 to June 251 Decius GAIVS MESSIVS QVINTVS TRAIANVS DECIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS MESSIVS QVINTVS TRAIANVS DECIVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Killed in battle
249 to 252 Priscus GAIVS IVLIVS PRISCVS   Proclaimed himself emperor in the Eastern provinces
250 Licinianus IVLIVS VALENS LICINIANVS   Claimant
early251 to 1 July 251 Herennius Etruscus QVINTVS HERENNIVS ETRVSCVS MESSIVS DECIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR QVINTVS HERENNIVS ETRVSCVS MESSIVS DECIVS AVGVSTVS Killed in battle
251 Hostilian CAIVS VALENS HOSTILIANVS MESSIVS QVINTVS IMPERATOR CAESAR CAIVS VALENS HOSTILIANVS MESSIVS QVINTVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Gallus, died of the plague
June 251 to August 253 Gallus GAIVS VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Murdered by his own soldiers
July 251 to August 253 Volusianus GAIVS VIBIVS VOLVSIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS VIBIVS AFINIVS GALLVS VELDVMNIANVS VOLVSIANVS AVGVSTVS Son and co-ruler of Trebonianus Gallus. Murdered by his own soldiers
August 253 to October 253 Aemilian MARCVS AEMILIVS AEMILIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AEMILIVS AEMILIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Murdered by his own soldiers
253 to June 260 Valerian PVBLIVS LICINIVS VALERIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR PVBLIVS LICINIVS VALERIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Gallienus; captured by Persians: died in captivity
253 to September 268 Gallienus PVBLIVS LICINIVS EGNATIVS GALLIENVS IMPERATOR CAESAR PVBLIVS LICINIVS EGNATIVS GALLIENVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Valerian 253 to 260; murdered
260 Saloninus PVBLIVS LICINIVS CORNELIVS SALONINVS IMPERATOR CAESAR CORNELIVS LICINIVS SALONINVS VALERIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Gallienus; murdered
258 or June 260 Ingenuus     Proclaimed himself emperor
260 Regalianus     Proclaimed emperor
260 to 261 Macrianus Major FVLVIVS MACRIANVS   Proclaimed emperor; defeated and killed in battle
260 to 261 Macrianus Minor TITVS FVLVIVS IVNIVS MACRIANVS   Proclaimed emperor; defeated and killed in battle
260 to 261 Quietus TITVS FVLVIVS IVNIVS QVIETVS   Claimant
261 to 261 or 262 Mussius Aemilianus LVCIVS MVSSIVS AEMILIANVS   Proclaimed emperor
268 to 268 Aureolus     Proclaimed himself emperor; surrendered to Claudius II Gothicus

The Crisis of the Third Century marked the end of the Principate, the early phase of Imperial Roman government. ... Events Maximinus Thrax becomes Roman Emperor. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Emperor Maximinus Thrax Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus (c. ... Emperor Maximinus Thrax Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus (c. ... Emperor Maximinus Thrax Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus (c. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus (around 159 - April 12, 238), known in English as Gordian I, was Roman Emperor during the year of 238. ... Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus (around 159 - April 12, 238), known in English as Gordian I, was Roman Emperor during the year of 238. ... Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus (around 159 - April 12, 238), known in English as Gordian I, was Roman Emperor during the year of 238. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus (around 192 - April 12, 238), known in English as Gordian II, was Roman emperor during the year of 238. ... Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus (around 192 - April 12, 238), known in English as Gordian II, was Roman emperor during the year of 238. ... Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus (around 159 - April 12, 238), known in English as Gordian I, was Roman Emperor during the year of 238. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Pupienus. ... Pupienus. ... Pupienus. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Pupienus. ... Pupienus. ... Pupienus. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Events Roman Emperor Gordian III dies under unclear circumstances while in war against Shapur I of Persia. ... Gordian III Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius (January 20, 225-244), known in English as Gordian III, was Roman emperor from 238 to 244. ... Gordian III Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius (January 20, 225-244), known in English as Gordian III, was Roman emperor from 238 to 244. ... Gordian III Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius (January 20, 225-244), known in English as Gordian III, was Roman emperor from 238 to 244. ... Gordian III Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius (January 20, 225-244), known in English as Gordian III, was Roman emperor from 238 to 244. ... For alternate uses, see Number 240. ... Alternate use: Pope Sabinianus Sabinianus was the leader of a revolt against Gordian III in Africa. ... Events Roman Emperor Gordian III dies under unclear circumstances while in war against Shapur I of Persia. ... Events Trajan Decius becomes Roman emperor. ... This coin struck under Philip to celebrate Saeculum Novum bears, on the reverse, a temple devoted to Roma goddess. ... This coin struck under Philip to celebrate Saeculum Novum bears, on the reverse, a temple devoted to Roma goddess. ... This coin struck under Philip to celebrate Saeculum Novum bears, on the reverse, a temple devoted to Roma goddess. ... Bust of Traianus Decius. ... Events Cyprian becomes bishop of Carthage. ... The obverse of this antoninianus celebrates Pacatianus as unconquered, while the reverse celebrates the 1001st birthday of Rome. ... The obverse of this antoninianus celebrates Pacatianus as unconquered, while the reverse celebrates the 1001st birthday of Rome. ... Events Cyprian becomes bishop of Carthage. ... Iotapianus coin. ... Iotapianus coin. ... Events Cyprian becomes bishop of Carthage. ... Mar. ... Events Trajan Decius becomes Roman emperor. ... Events July 1 – In the Battle of Abrittus, the Goths defeat the Romans; emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed. ... Bust of Traianus Decius. ... Bust of Traianus Decius. ... Bust of Traianus Decius. ... Events Trajan Decius becomes Roman emperor. ... Events Sun Liang succeeds Sun Quan as king of the Chinese Kingdom of Wu. ... Gaius Julius Priscus (3rd century) was a Roman military man and member of the Praetorian guard in the reign of Gordian III. Priscus was born in the Syrian Roman province, possibly in Damascus, son of a Julius Marinus a local Roman citizen, possibly of some importance. ... Gaius Julius Priscus (3rd century) was a Roman military man and member of the Praetorian guard in the reign of Gordian III. Priscus was born in the Syrian Roman province, possibly in Damascus, son of a Julius Marinus a local Roman citizen, possibly of some importance. ... Events Diophantus writes Arithmetica the first systematic treatise on algebra. ... Iulius Valens Licinianus was a Roman usurper in 250. ... Iulius Valens Licinianus was a Roman usurper in 250. ... Events July 1 – In the Battle of Abrittus, the Goths defeat the Romans; emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... Events July 1 – In the Battle of Abrittus, the Goths defeat the Romans; emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed. ... Quintus Herennius Etruscus Messius Decius (c. ... Quintus Herennius Etruscus Messius Decius (c. ... Quintus Herennius Etruscus Messius Decius (c. ... Events July 1 – In the Battle of Abrittus, the Goths defeat the Romans; emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed. ... Hostilian celebrating Securitas, the security of the Roman Empire. ... Hostilian celebrating Securitas, the security of the Roman Empire. ... Hostilian celebrating Securitas, the security of the Roman Empire. ... Trebonianus Gallus on a coin celebrating Aeternitas. ... Events July 1 – In the Battle of Abrittus, the Goths defeat the Romans; emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed. ... For the book see 253 (book). ... Trebonianus Gallus on a coin celebrating Aeternitas. ... Trebonianus Gallus on a coin celebrating Aeternitas. ... Trebonianus Gallus on a coin celebrating Aeternitas. ... Events July 1 – In the Battle of Abrittus, the Goths defeat the Romans; emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed. ... For the book see 253 (book). ... Volusianus protrait on a tetradrachm. ... Volusianus protrait on a tetradrachm. ... Volusianus protrait on a tetradrachm. ... For the book see 253 (book). ... For the book see 253 (book). ... Aemilianus celebrating peace-maker Mars god of war. ... Aemilianus celebrating peace-maker Mars god of war. ... Aemilianus celebrating peace-maker Mars god of war. ... For the book see 253 (book). ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Valerian on a coin celebrating goddess Fortuna, associated with health and wealth. ... Valerian on a coin celebrating goddess Fortuna, associated with health and wealth. ... Valerian on a coin celebrating goddess Fortuna, associated with health and wealth. ... Head of Gallienus, in the Musée du Cinquantenaire, Brussels Gallienus depicted on a lead seal Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus (218-268) ruled the Roman Empire as co-emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260, and then as the sole Roman Emperor from 260 to 268. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... For the book see 253 (book). ... Events The Alamanni invade Italy. ... Head of Gallienus, in the Musée du Cinquantenaire, Brussels Gallienus depicted on a lead seal Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus (218-268) ruled the Roman Empire as co-emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260, and then as the sole Roman Emperor from 260 to 268. ... Head of Gallienus, in the Musée du Cinquantenaire, Brussels Gallienus depicted on a lead seal Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus (218-268) ruled the Roman Empire as co-emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260, and then as the sole Roman Emperor from 260 to 268. ... Head of Gallienus, in the Musée du Cinquantenaire, Brussels Gallienus depicted on a lead seal Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus (218-268) ruled the Roman Empire as co-emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260, and then as the sole Roman Emperor from 260 to 268. ... Publius Licinius Valerianus (Latin: IMPERATOR CAESAR PVBLIVS LICINIVS VALERIANVS · PIVS FELIX · INVICTVS AVGVSTVS)¹ (ca. ... For the book see 253 (book). ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Publius Licinius Cornelius Saloninus (242 - 260) was Roman Emperor in 260. ... Publius Licinius Cornelius Saloninus (242 - 260) was Roman Emperor in 260. ... Publius Licinius Cornelius Saloninus (242 - 260) was Roman Emperor in 260. ... Head of Gallienus, in the Musée du Cinquantenaire, Brussels Gallienus depicted on a lead seal Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus (218-268) ruled the Roman Empire as co-emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260, and then as the sole Roman Emperor from 260 to 268. ... Events Sun Xiu succeeds Sun Liang as ruler of the Chinese kingdom of Wu The Goths ravage Asia Minor and Trabzon Gaul, Britain and Spain break off from the Roman Empire to form the Gallic Empire Nanjing University first founded in Nanjing, China Births Emperor Hui of Jin China (approximate... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Ingenuus held a senior military command in Pannonia when he proclaimed himself Roman Emperor ca. ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Regalianus (died 260) had been made general by emperor Valerian and like many others of his rank he was proclaimed Roman emperor in 260 after the capture and execution of Valerian by the Sasanid Persians. ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Events Births Deaths Mussius Aemilianus, Roman Emperor Categories: 261 ... Fulvius Macrianus (died 261), also known as Macrianus Major to distinguish him from his son Macrianus Minor, was disqualified from the imperial office because of his lameness, but with support from Ballista, Roman emperor Valerians praefect, he had his two sons Macrianus Minor and Quietus elevated to the throne. ... Fulvius Macrianus (died 261), also known as Macrianus Major to distinguish him from his son Macrianus Minor, was disqualified from the imperial office because of his lameness, but with support from Ballista, Roman emperor Valerians praefect, he had his two sons Macrianus Minor and Quietus elevated to the throne. ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Events Births Deaths Mussius Aemilianus, Roman Emperor Categories: 261 ... Roman emperor Titus Fulvius Iunius Macrianus (died 261), also known as Macrianus Minor to distinguish him from his father, was the son of Fulvius Macrianus. ... Roman emperor Titus Fulvius Iunius Macrianus (died 261), also known as Macrianus Minor to distinguish him from his father, was the son of Fulvius Macrianus. ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Events Births Deaths Mussius Aemilianus, Roman Emperor Categories: 261 ... Quietus coin celebrating Eternal Rome. ... Quietus coin celebrating Eternal Rome. ... Events Births Deaths Mussius Aemilianus, Roman Emperor Categories: 261 ... Events Births Deaths Mussius Aemilianus, Roman Emperor Categories: 261 ... // Events Births Deaths Xi Kang, author Other Often associated with the legendary Laurence 262, whos origins are unknown. ... L. Mussius Aemilianus (died 261) was prefect of Egypt till 260, when he was proclaimed Roman emperor after the general upheaval following the capture and death of emperor Valerian and after the usurpation of the Macriani. ... L. Mussius Aemilianus (died 261) was prefect of Egypt till 260, when he was proclaimed Roman emperor after the general upheaval following the capture and death of emperor Valerian and after the usurpation of the Macriani. ... Events The Alamanni invade Italy. ... Events The Alamanni invade Italy. ... For the Frankish ruler of Aragon, see Aureolus of Aragon. ... Claudius Gothicus on a coin celebrating his equity (AEQUITAS AUGUSTI). ...

Gallic Empire 260 to 274

Reign Common name Personal name & Title
at birth/
on eve of accession
Imperial name Notes
260 to 269 Postumus MARCVS CASSIANIVS LATINIVS POSTVMVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS CASSIANVS LATINIVS POSTVMVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS
269 Laelianus VLPIVS CORNELIVS LAELIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS VLPIVS CORNELIVS LAELIANVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Proclaimed himself emperor of the Gallic Empire
269 Marius MARCVS AVRELIVS MARIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS MARIVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS  
269 to 271 Victorinus MARCVS PIAVONIVS VICTORINVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS PIAVONIVS VICTORINVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS  
270 to 271 Domitianus     Proclaimed emperor of the Gallic Empire
271 to 274 Tetricus I CAIVS PIVS ESVVIVS TETRICVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS PIVS ESVVIVS TETRICVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS  

The Gallic Empire (in Latin, imperium Galliarum) is the modern name for the independent realm that lived a brief existence during the Roman Empires Crisis of the Third Century, from 260 to 274. ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Events The Gallic Empire (Gaul and Britain) is reconquered by Roman Emperor Aurelian With the conquests of the Palmyran Empire (272) and the Gallic Empire, the Roman Empire is united again Births Deaths Pope Felix I Cao Fang, emperor of the Kingdom of Wei Categories: 274 ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Events Felix I is elected pope. ... Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus was emperor of the Gallic Empire from AD 259 to 268. ... Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus was emperor of the Gallic Empire from AD 259 to 268. ... Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus was emperor of the Gallic Empire from AD 259 to 268. ... Events Felix I is elected pope. ... Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus was a usurper to Postumus, the emperor of the Gallic Empire. ... Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus was a usurper to Postumus, the emperor of the Gallic Empire. ... Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus was a usurper to Postumus, the emperor of the Gallic Empire. ... Events Felix I is elected pope. ... Marcus Aurelius Marius was emperor of the Gallic Empire in AD 268. ... Marcus Aurelius Marius was emperor of the Gallic Empire in AD 268. ... Marcus Aurelius Marius was emperor of the Gallic Empire in AD 268. ... Events Felix I is elected pope. ... Events Goths forced to withdraw across the Danube Roman Emperor Aurelian withdraws troops to the Danube frontier, abandoning Dacia. ... Marcus Piav(v)onius Victorinus was emperor of the successionist Gallic Empire from 268 to 270 or 271, following the brief reign of Marius. ... Marcus Piav(v)onius Victorinus was emperor of the successionist Gallic Empire from 268 to 270 or 271, following the brief reign of Marius. ... Marcus Piav(v)onius Victorinus was emperor of the successionist Gallic Empire from 268 to 270 or 271, following the brief reign of Marius. ... Events Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire, and is succeeded by Aurelian Vandals and Sarmatians driven out of Roman territory Romans leave Utrecht after regular invasions of Germanic people. ... Events Goths forced to withdraw across the Danube Roman Emperor Aurelian withdraws troops to the Danube frontier, abandoning Dacia. ... Domitianus was a Roman military commander who declared himself emperor of the secessionist Gallic Empire (the provinces of Gaul (France and the Rhineland) and Britain) for a short time in about 271. ... The Gallic Empire (in Latin, imperium Galliarum) is the modern name for the independent realm that lived a brief existence during the Roman Empires Crisis of the Third Century, from 260 to 274. ... Events Goths forced to withdraw across the Danube Roman Emperor Aurelian withdraws troops to the Danube frontier, abandoning Dacia. ... Events The Gallic Empire (Gaul and Britain) is reconquered by Roman Emperor Aurelian With the conquests of the Palmyran Empire (272) and the Gallic Empire, the Roman Empire is united again Births Deaths Pope Felix I Cao Fang, emperor of the Kingdom of Wei Categories: 274 ... Tertricus Coin Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus was emperor of the Gallic Empire from 270/271 to 273, following the murder of Victorinus. ... Tertricus Coin Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus was emperor of the Gallic Empire from 270/271 to 273, following the murder of Victorinus. ... Tertricus Coin Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus was emperor of the Gallic Empire from 270/271 to 273, following the murder of Victorinus. ...

Illyrian Emperors

Reign Common name Personal name & Title
at birth/
on eve of accession
Imperial name Notes
268 to August 270 Claudius II Gothicus MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS CLAVDIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS CLAVDIVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Died of plague
August 270 to September 270 Quintillus MARCVS AVRELIVS QVINTILLVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS CLAVDIVS QVINTILLVS INVICTVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Briefly Co-emperor with Aurelian; committed suicide
August 270 to 275 Aurelian LVCIVS DOMITIVS AVRELIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR LVCIVS DOMITIVS AVRELIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Murdered by the Praetorian Guard
271 Septimius     Proclaimed emperor in Dalmatia; killed by his own soldiers
November/December 275 to July 276 Tacitus MARCVS CLAVDIVS TACITVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS CLAVDIVS TACITVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Murdered
July 276 to September 276 Florianus MARCVS ANNIVS FLORIANVS PIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS ANNIVS FLORIANVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Murdered
July 276 to lateSeptember 282 Probus MARCVS AVRELIVS EQVITIVS PROBVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS PROBVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Murdered by his own soldiers
280 Saturninus IVLIVS SATVRNINVS   Claimant: forced by his soldiers; proclaimed himself emperor; killed by his soldiers
280 Proculus     Claimant: acceding to the request of the people of Lugdunum; killed by Probus
280 Bonosus GALLVS QVINTVS BONOSVS   Proclaimed himself emperor; defeated by Probus and committed suicide
September 282 to July/August 283 Carus MARCVS AVRELIVS NVMERIVS CARVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS CARVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Uncertain cause of death; disease, lightning injury, a wound received in battle against the Huns and murder by the Praetorian Guard have all been suggested
spring 283 to summer 285 Carinus MARCVS AVRELIVS CARINVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS CARINVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Numerian; Murdered
July/August 283 to November 284 Numerian MARCVS AVRELIVS NVMERIVS NVMERIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS NVMERIANVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Carinus

Several emperors of the Roman Empire were of Illyrian origin, or partly or possibly of Illyrian origin. ... Events The Alamanni invade Italy. ... Events Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire, and is succeeded by Aurelian Vandals and Sarmatians driven out of Roman territory Romans leave Utrecht after regular invasions of Germanic people. ... Claudius Gothicus on a coin celebrating his equity (AEQUITAS AUGUSTI). ... Claudius Gothicus on a coin celebrating his equity (AEQUITAS AUGUSTI). ... Claudius Gothicus on a coin celebrating his equity (AEQUITAS AUGUSTI). ... Events Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire, and is succeeded by Aurelian Vandals and Sarmatians driven out of Roman territory Romans leave Utrecht after regular invasions of Germanic people. ... Events Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire, and is succeeded by Aurelian Vandals and Sarmatians driven out of Roman territory Romans leave Utrecht after regular invasions of Germanic people. ... Quintillus picture on a coin. ... Quintillus picture on a coin. ... Quintillus picture on a coin. ... Lucius Domitius Aurelianus (September 9, 214–275), known in English as Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270–275), was the second of several highly successful soldier-emperors who helped the Roman Empire regain its power during the latter part of the third century and the beginning of the fourth. ... Events Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire, and is succeeded by Aurelian Vandals and Sarmatians driven out of Roman territory Romans leave Utrecht after regular invasions of Germanic people. ... Events Eutychian elected pope (probable date) September 25 - Marcus Claudius Tacitus appointed emperor by the senate Births Eusebius of Caesarea (approximate date) Saint George, soldier of the Roman Empire and later Christian martyr (or 280, approximate date). ... Lucius Domitius Aurelianus (September 9, 214–275), known in English as Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270–275), was the second of several highly successful soldier-emperors who helped the Roman Empire regain its power during the latter part of the third century and the beginning of the fourth. ... Lucius Domitius Aurelianus (September 9, 214–275), known in English as Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270–275), was the second of several highly successful soldier-emperors who helped the Roman Empire regain its power during the latter part of the third century and the beginning of the fourth. ... Lucius Domitius Aurelianus (September 9, 214–275), known in English as Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270–275), was the second of several highly successful soldier-emperors who helped the Roman Empire regain its power during the latter part of the third century and the beginning of the fourth. ... The Praetorian Guard of Caesar Augustus - 1st century. ... Events Goths forced to withdraw across the Danube Roman Emperor Aurelian withdraws troops to the Danube frontier, abandoning Dacia. ... Septimius or Septiminus was proclaimed Roman emperor in 271 in Dalmatia. ... Map of Croatia with Dalmatia highlighted Dalmatia is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ... Events Eutychian elected pope (probable date) September 25 - Marcus Claudius Tacitus appointed emperor by the senate Births Eusebius of Caesarea (approximate date) Saint George, soldier of the Roman Empire and later Christian martyr (or 280, approximate date). ... Events Sassanid Shah Bahram II succeeded Bahram I. Probus became Roman Emperor. ... Emperor Tacitus on a coin. ... Emperor Tacitus on a coin. ... Emperor Tacitus on a coin. ... Events Sassanid Shah Bahram II succeeded Bahram I. Probus became Roman Emperor. ... Events Sassanid Shah Bahram II succeeded Bahram I. Probus became Roman Emperor. ... Hercules crowning Florianus. ... Hercules crowning Florianus. ... Hercules crowning Florianus. ... Events Sassanid Shah Bahram II succeeded Bahram I. Probus became Roman Emperor. ... Events Carus becomes Roman emperor A new city was constructed in Fuzhou slightly south of the original city Ye. ... This antoninianus minted under Probus (c. ... This antoninianus minted under Probus (c. ... This antoninianus minted under Probus (c. ... Events The Chinese Jin Dynasty under Emperor Wu of Jin China unifies China by conquering the Kingdom of Wu, ending the Period of the Three Kingdoms. ... Roman emperor Iulius Saturninus (died 280) was a Gaul by birth (others have him as a Moor) and was a friend of the emperor Probus. ... Roman emperor Iulius Saturninus (died 280) was a Gaul by birth (others have him as a Moor) and was a friend of the emperor Probus. ... Events The Chinese Jin Dynasty under Emperor Wu of Jin China unifies China by conquering the Kingdom of Wu, ending the Period of the Three Kingdoms. ... Proculus derived his origin from the Franks. ... Colonia Copia Claudia Augusta Lugdunum (modern: Lyon) was an important Roman city in Gaul. ... This antoninianus minted under Probus (c. ... Events The Chinese Jin Dynasty under Emperor Wu of Jin China unifies China by conquering the Kingdom of Wu, ending the Period of the Three Kingdoms. ... Gallus Quintus Bonosus was a Roman usurper. ... Gallus Quintus Bonosus was a Roman usurper. ... This antoninianus minted under Probus (c. ... Events Carus becomes Roman emperor A new city was constructed in Fuzhou slightly south of the original city Ye. ... Events December 17 - Pope Gaius succeeds Pope Eutychian December - Numerian was proclaimed Roman emperor by his soldiers. ... Marcus Aurelius Carus (c. ... Marcus Aurelius Carus (c. ... Marcus Aurelius Carus (c. ... A disease is an abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person afflicted or those in contact with the person. ... Lightning is a powerful natural electrostatic discharge produced during a thunderstorm. ... Superficial bullet wounds A wound is type of physical trauma wherein the skin is torn, cut or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound). ... The Huns were a confederation of Eurasian tribes, most likely of diverse origin with a Turkic-speaking aristocracy, who appeared in Europe in the 4th century, the most famous being Attila the Hun. ... The Praetorian Guard of Caesar Augustus - 1st century. ... Events December 17 - Pope Gaius succeeds Pope Eutychian December - Numerian was proclaimed Roman emperor by his soldiers. ... This article is about the year. ... Marcus Aurelius Carinus, Roman emperor, 283 - July, 285, was the elder son of the emperor Carus, on whose accession he was appointed governor of the western portion of the empire. ... Marcus Aurelius Carinus, Roman emperor, 283 - July, 285, was the elder son of the emperor Carus, on whose accession he was appointed governor of the western portion of the empire. ... Marcus Aurelius Carinus, Roman emperor, 283 - July, 285, was the elder son of the emperor Carus, on whose accession he was appointed governor of the western portion of the empire. ... Numerian, on a coin as caesar Marcus Aurelius Numerianus (d. ... Events December 17 - Pope Gaius succeeds Pope Eutychian December - Numerian was proclaimed Roman emperor by his soldiers. ... For other uses, see number 284. ... Numerian, on a coin as caesar Marcus Aurelius Numerianus (d. ... Numerian, on a coin as caesar Marcus Aurelius Numerianus (d. ... Numerian, on a coin as caesar Marcus Aurelius Numerianus (d. ... Marcus Aurelius Carinus, Roman emperor, 283 - July, 285, was the elder son of the emperor Carus, on whose accession he was appointed governor of the western portion of the empire. ...

Dominate

The Dominate was the despotic last of the two phases of government in the ancient Roman Empire between its establishment in 27 BC and the formal date of the collapse of the Western Empire in AD 476. ...

Tetrarchy and Constantinian Dynasty

Reign Common name Personal name & Title
at birth/
on eve of accession
Imperial name Notes
20 November 284 to 1 May 305 Diocletian DIOCLES
(full name not known)
GAIVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS DIOCLETIANVS IOVIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS DIOCLETIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS PATER PATRIAE PROCONSVL Co-emperor with Maximian; 285: Germanicus Maximus, Sarmaticus Maximus; 286: Iovius; 287: Germanicus Maximus; 295: Persicus Maximus; 297: Britannicus Maximus, Carpicus Maximus; 298: Armenicus Maximus, Medicus Maximus, Adiabenicus Maximus
Abdicated
1 April 286 to 1 May 305 Maximian MAXIMIANVS
(full name not known)
MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS HERCVLIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS co-emperor with Diocletian; 286: Germanicus Maximus, Sarmaticus Maximus; 287: Iovius; 288: Germanicus Maximus; 294: Persicus Maximus; 298: Britannicus Maximus, Carpicus Maximus; 299: Armenicus Maximus, Medicus Maximus, Adiabenicus Maximus;
Forced to abdicate
1 May 305 to 25 July 306 Constantius I Chlorus FLAVIVS VALERIVS CONSTANTIVS
CHLORVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS FLAVIVS VALERIVS CONSTANTIVS AVGVSTVS  
1 May 305 to May 311 Galerius CAIVS GALERIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GALERIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS co-emperor with Severus II
August 306 to 16 September 307 Severus II FLAVIVS VALERIVS SEVERVS IMPERATOR SEVERVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS co-emperor with Galerius
28 October 306 to 28 October 312 Maxentius MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXENTIVS MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXENTIVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Drowned on order of Constantine I The Great
307 to 308 Maximian MAXIMIANVS
(full name not known)

MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS HERCVLIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXIMIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS HERCVLIVS GERMANICVS MAXIMVS SARMATICVS MAXIMVS IOVIVS GERMANICVS MAXIMVS PERSICVS MAXIMVS BRITANNICVS MAXIMVS CARPICVS MAXIMVS ARMENICVS MAXIMVS MEDICVS MAXIMVS ADIABENICVS MAXIMVS Abdicated
307 to 22 May 337 Constantine I The Great GAIVS FLAVIVS VALERIVS CONSTANTINVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS CONSTANTINVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS PATER PATRIAE PROCONSVL 307: Germanicus Maximus; 312: Maximus; 323: Sarmaticus Maximus; 324: Victor substituting Invictus; 328: Gothicus Maximus; 336:Dacicus Maximus
308 Domitius Alexander LVCIVS DOMITIVS ALEXANDER   Proclaimed himself emperor
11 November 308 to 18 September 324 Licinius VALERIVS LICINIANVS LICINIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR GAIVS VALERIVS LICINIVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor; abdicated; (executed early 325)
1 May 310 to July/August 313 Maximinus Daia DAIA
MAXIMINVS GAIVS GALERIVS VALERIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR GALERIVS VALERIVS MAXIMINVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Co-emperor; committed suicide
December 316 to 1 March 317 Valerius Valens AVRELIVS VALERIVS VALENS IMPERATOR CAESAR AVRELIVS VALERIVS VALENS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Licinius; executed by Constantine I
July to 18 September 324 Martinianus SEXTVS MARCIVS MARTINIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR SEXTVS MARCIVS MARTINIANVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Licinius; executed early 325
337 to 340 Constantine II FLAVIVS CLAVDIVS CONSTANTINVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS VALERIVS CONSTANTINVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor; killed in battle
337 to 361 Constantius II FLAVIVS IVLIVS CONSTANTIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS IVLIVS CONSTANTIVS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor
337 to 350 Constans FLAVIVS IVLIVS CONSTANS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS IVLIVS CONSTANS AVGVSTVS Co-emperor; killed by Magnentius
January 350 to 11 August 353 Magnentius FLAVIVS MAGNVS MAGNENTIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS MAGNVS MAGENTIVS AVGVSTVS Usurper; committed suicide
c.350 Vetriano     Proclaimed himself emperor
c.350 Nepotianus     Proclaimed himself emperor
November 361 to June 363 Julian the Apostate FLAVIVS CLAVDIVS IVLIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS CLAVDIVS IVLIANVS AVGVSTVS Killed in battle
363 to 17 February 364 Jovian FLAVIVS IOVIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS IOVIANVS AVGVSTVS Died accidentally

The Tetrarchs, a porphyry sculpture sacked from a Byzantine palace in 1204, Treasury of St. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For other uses, see number 284. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... Emperor Diocletian. ... Emperor Diocletian. ... Emperor Diocletian. ... Emperor Diocletian. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the year 286. ... Events Diocletian and Maximian become Roman Consuls Births Deaths Categories: 287 ... Events Roman Empire Diocletian beseiges Achilleus in Egypt, capturing him. ... Events Narseh of Persia and Diocletian conclude a peace treaty between Persia and Rome. ... Events Constantius Chlorus overthrows the Alamanni in the territory of the Lingones (Langres) and strengthened the Rhine frontier Christians are expelled from the Roman army Baths of Diocletian built in Rome Births Athanasius of Alexandria, bishop and opponent of Arianism Deaths Diophantus, mathematician (approximate date) King Chaekgye of Baekje Categories... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 286. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... Emperor Diocletian. ... This article is about the year 286. ... Events Diocletian and Maximian become Roman Consuls Births Deaths Categories: 287 ... Events Maximian becomes Roman Consul Deaths Saint Sebastian martyred Umro Bin Ada AI Lakhami, a king in what is now Bahrain Categories: 288 ... Events Tuoba Lu Guan succeeds Tuoba Fu as chieftain of the Chinese Tuoba tribe. ... Events Constantius Chlorus overthrows the Alamanni in the territory of the Lingones (Langres) and strengthened the Rhine frontier Christians are expelled from the Roman army Baths of Diocletian built in Rome Births Athanasius of Alexandria, bishop and opponent of Arianism Deaths Diophantus, mathematician (approximate date) King Chaekgye of Baekje Categories... Events Births Deaths Categories: 299 ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... Events July 25 - Constantine I proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops. ... On the reverse of this argenteus struck in Antioch under Constantius Chlorus, the tetrarcs are sacrificing to celebrate a victory against the Sarmatians. ... On the reverse of this argenteus struck in Antioch under Constantius Chlorus, the tetrarcs are sacrificing to celebrate a victory against the Sarmatians. ... Gaius Flavius Valerius Constantius (March 31, 250–July 25, 306) was an emperor of the Western Roman Empire (305–306). ... On the reverse of this argenteus struck in Antioch under Constantius Chlorus, the tetrarcs are sacrificing to celebrate a victory against the Sarmatians. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... For the band, see 311 (band), for the number see 311 (number) Events June 15 - Licinius issues his own Edict of Toleration, ending persecution of Christians in his own part of the Roman Empire. ... Galerius on a coin Galerius Maximianus (c. ... Galerius on a coin Galerius Maximianus (c. ... Galerius on a coin Galerius Maximianus (c. ... Flavius Valerius Severus, of Illyrian stock, was a friend of emperor Galerius. ... Events July 25 - Constantine I proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... Events March 31 - After divorcing his wife Minerva, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Maximian. ... Flavius Valerius Severus, of Illyrian stock, was a friend of emperor Galerius. ... Flavius Valerius Severus, of Illyrian stock, was a friend of emperor Galerius. ... Flavius Valerius Severus, of Illyrian stock, was a friend of emperor Galerius. ... Galerius on a coin Galerius Maximianus (c. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... Events July 25 - Constantine I proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... Events October 28 - Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine defeats Maxentius in the fight to become emperor of Rome. ... Maxentius as Augustus on a coin. ... Maxentius as Augustus on a coin. ... Maxentius as Augustus on a coin. ... Constantine. ... Events March 31 - After divorcing his wife Minerva, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Maximian. ... Events November 11 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius Augustus, and rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar (junior emperor of Britain and Gaul) Births Deaths Categories: 308 ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... Events March 31 - After divorcing his wife Minerva, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Maximian. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... Events February 6 - Julius is elected pope. ... Head of Constantines colossal statue at Musei Capitolini Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (February 27, 272–May 22, 337), commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic[2] Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on... Head of Constantines colossal statue at Musei Capitolini Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (February 27, 272–May 22, 337), commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic[2] Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on... Head of Constantines colossal statue at Musei Capitolini Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (February 27, 272–May 22, 337), commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic[2] Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on... Events March 31 - After divorcing his wife Minerva, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Maximian. ... Events October 28 - Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine defeats Maxentius in the fight to become emperor of Rome. ... Events July 3 - Battle of Adrianople: Constantine defeats Licinius, forcing Licinius to retreat to Byzantium. ... Events Constantine becomes the sole emperor of the Roman Empire. ... Events May 9: Athanasius is elected bishop of Alexandria Births Valens, Roman Emperor Wong Tai Sin Deaths April 17: Alexander I, Patriarch of Alexandria Categories: 328 ... Events January 18 - Marcus elected pope. ... Events November 11 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius Augustus, and rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar (junior emperor of Britain and Gaul) Births Deaths Categories: 308 ... Domitius Alexander, L. was vicarius of Africa when emperor Maxentius ordered him to send his son as hostage to Rome. ... Domitius Alexander, L. was vicarius of Africa when emperor Maxentius ordered him to send his son as hostage to Rome. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Events November 11 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius Augustus, and rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar (junior emperor of Britain and Gaul) Births Deaths Categories: 308 ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... Events Constantine becomes the sole emperor of the Roman Empire. ... As of Licinius Aureus of Licinius, celebrating his tenth year of reign and the fifth year of his son Licinius. ... As of Licinius Aureus of Licinius, celebrating his tenth year of reign and the fifth year of his son Licinius. ... As of Licinius Aureus of Licinius, celebrating his tenth year of reign and the fifth year of his son Licinius. ... Events May 20 - First Council of Nicaea - first Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church: The Nicene Creed is formulated, the date of Easter is discussed. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events While Constantine was campaigning against the Bructeri, Maximian attempted to make himself emperor at Arles. ... Events By Place Roman Empire February - Conference at Milan. ... Maximinus denarius Gaius Valerius Galerius Maximinus (20 November 270? - July/August, 313) Roman emperor from AD 308 to 313, was originally an Illyrian shepherd named Daia. ... Maximinus denarius Gaius Valerius Galerius Maximinus (20 November 270? - July/August, 313) Roman emperor from AD 308 to 313, was originally an Illyrian shepherd named Daia. ... Maximinus denarius Gaius Valerius Galerius Maximinus (20 November 270? - July/August, 313) Roman emperor from AD 308 to 313, was originally an Illyrian shepherd named Daia. ... Maximinus denarius Gaius Valerius Galerius Maximinus (20 November 270? - July/August, 313) Roman emperor from AD 308 to 313, was originally an Illyrian shepherd named Daia. ... Events Huns sack Changan, capital of the Chinese Western Jin Dynasty. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... Events Jin Yuan Di succeeds Jin Min Di; end of the western and beginning of the eastern Jin Dynasty King Marian II of Iberia declares Christianity the official state religion Births February _ Constantine II, Roman Emperor Deaths Categories: 317 ... Aurelius Valerius Valens (? - 317) was Roman emperor from December 316 to March 1, 317. ... Aurelius Valerius Valens (? - 317) was Roman emperor from December 316 to March 1, 317. ... Aurelius Valerius Valens (? - 317) was Roman emperor from December 316 to March 1, 317. ... As of Licinius Aureus of Licinius, celebrating his tenth year of reign and the fifth year of his son Licinius. ... Head of Constantines colossal statue at Musei Capitolini Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (February 27, 272–May 22, 337), commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic[2] Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... Events Constantine becomes the sole emperor of the Roman Empire. ... Sextus Marcius(?) Martinianus (? - 325) was Roman emperor from July to September 18, 324. ... Sextus Marcius(?) Martinianus (? - 325) was Roman emperor from July to September 18, 324. ... Sextus Marcius(?) Martinianus (? - 325) was Roman emperor from July to September 18, 324. ... As of Licinius Aureus of Licinius, celebrating his tenth year of reign and the fifth year of his son Licinius. ... Events May 20 - First Council of Nicaea - first Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church: The Nicene Creed is formulated, the date of Easter is discussed. ... Events February 6 - Julius is elected pope. ... Events Constantine II attacks his brother Constans near Aquileia, aiming for sole control of the western half of the Roman Empire, but is defeated. ... Constantine II as caesar. ... Constantine II as caesar. ... Constantine II as caesar. ... Events February 6 - Julius is elected pope. ... Events Emperor Ai succeeds Emperor Mu as emperor of China. ... Constantius II coin, celebrating the 15th year of reign. ... Constantius II coin, celebrating the 15th year of reign. ... Constantius II coin, celebrating the 15th year of reign. ... Events February 6 - Julius is elected pope. ... Events January 18 - Magnentius proclaimed Emperor by the army in Autun. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Constans Flavius Julius Constans (320 - January 18, 350), was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 337 to 350. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Constans Flavius Julius Constans (320 - January 18, 350), was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 337 to 350. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Constans Flavius Julius Constans (320 - January 18, 350), was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 337 to 350. ... Magnentius (ruled AD January 18, 350–August 11, 353), was a Roman usurper. ... Events January 18 - Magnentius proclaimed Emperor by the army in Autun. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Battle of Mons Seleucus - Constantius II defeats the usurper Magnentius. ... Magnentius (ruled AD January 18, 350–August 11, 353), was a Roman usurper. ... Magnentius (ruled AD January 18, 350–August 11, 353), was a Roman usurper. ... Magnentius (ruled AD January 18, 350–August 11, 353), was a Roman usurper. ... Events January 18 - Magnentius proclaimed Emperor by the army in Autun. ... On the reverse of this coin struck under Vetriano, the emperor is holding two labara, the ensigns introduced by his ancestor Constantine I (emperor). ... Events January 18 - Magnentius proclaimed Emperor by the army in Autun. ... Nepotianus Flavius Iulius Popilius Nepotianus Constantinus was the son of Eutropia, the half-sister of emperor Constantine I, and grandson of emperor Constantius Chlorus and Flavia Maximiana Theodora. ... Events Emperor Ai succeeds Emperor Mu as emperor of China. ... Events Perisapora is destroyed by Emperor Julian. ... Flavius Claudius Iulianus, also known as Julian the Philosopher, was the last pagan Roman Emperor. ... Flavius Claudius Iulianus, also known as Julian the Philosopher, was the last pagan Roman Emperor. ... Flavius Claudius Iulianus, also known as Julian the Philosopher, was the last pagan Roman Emperor. ... Events Perisapora is destroyed by Emperor Julian. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 28 - Valentinian I is elected Roman emperor by the army. ... This siliqua of Jovian, ca 363, celebrates his fifth year of reign, as a good omen. ... This siliqua of Jovian, ca 363, celebrates his fifth year of reign, as a good omen. ... This siliqua of Jovian, ca 363, celebrates his fifth year of reign, as a good omen. ...

Britannic Empire 286 to 297

Reign Common name Personal name & Title
at birth/
on eve of accession
Imperial name Notes
286 to 293 Carausius MARCVS AVRELIVS MAVSAEVS IMPERATOR CAESAR CARAVSIVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS  
293 to 297 Allectus not known IMPERATOR CAESAR ALLECTVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS  

The characterisation British Emperor (or: British Empress), that is: being British and also being Emperor/Empress can only be applied to very few people, as Britains monarchs were indicated as king or queen (latin: rex/regina) in almost all cases. ... This article is about the year 286. ... Events Narseh of Persia and Diocletian conclude a peace treaty between Persia and Rome. ... This article is about the year 286. ... Events March 1 - Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. ... Carausius coin from Londinium mint. ... Carausius coin from Londinium mint. ... Carausius coin from Londinium mint. ... Events March 1 - Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. ... Events Narseh of Persia and Diocletian conclude a peace treaty between Persia and Rome. ... Allectus (died 296) was a Roman emperor in Britain (293–296). ... Allectus (died 296) was a Roman emperor in Britain (293–296). ...

Valentinian Dynasty

Reign Common name Personal name & Title
at birth/
on eve of accession
Imperial name Notes
26 February 364 to 17 November 375 Valentinian I FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Emperor in the west.
28 March 364 to 9 August 378 Valens FLAVIVS IVLIVS VALENS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS IVLIVS VALENS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Emperor in the east. Killed in battle
September 365 to 27 May 366 Procopius     Usurper; executed by Valens
24 August 367 to 383 Gratian FLAVIVS GRATIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS GRATIANVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Assassinated
375 to 392 Valentinian II FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Deposed; died in suspicious circumstances
383 to 388 Magnus Maximus MAGNVS MAXIMVS   Usurper in the west; once recognised by Theodosius I, then, deposed and executed
c.386 to 388 Flavius Victor FLAVIVS VICTOR   Son of Magnus Maximus, murdered on order of Theodosius I
392 to 394 Eugenius FLAVIVS EVGENIVS   Usurper in the west; killed in battle

The Valentinian Dynasty ruled the Roman Empire from 364 to 392. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 28 - Valentinian I is elected Roman emperor by the army. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece. ... Events The Huns invade Europe. ... Medallion of Valentinian I. Solidus minted by Valens in ca. ... Medallion of Valentinian I. Solidus minted by Valens in ca. ... Medallion of Valentinian I. Solidus minted by Valens in ca. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in leap years). ... Events February 28 - Valentinian I is elected Roman emperor by the army. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... Events Mid-February: Lentienses cross frozen Rhine, invading Roman Empire. ... Flavius Julius Valens (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·FLAVIVS·IVLIVS·VALENS·AVGVSTVS) (328 – August 9, 378) was Roman emperor from 364 until his death, after he was given the Eastern part of the empire by his brother Valentinian I. His father was the general Gratian the Elder. ... Flavius Julius Valens (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·FLAVIVS·IVLIVS·VALENS·AVGVSTVS) (328 – August 9, 378) was Roman emperor from 364 until his death, after he was given the Eastern part of the empire by his brother Valentinian I. His father was the general Gratian the Elder. ... Flavius Julius Valens (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·FLAVIVS·IVLIVS·VALENS·AVGVSTVS) (328 – August 9, 378) was Roman emperor from 364 until his death, after he was given the Eastern part of the empire by his brother Valentinian I. His father was the general Gratian the Elder. ... Events Emperor Fei succeeds Emperor Ai as emperor of China. ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... Events January 2, Alamanni cross frozen Rhine in large numbers, invading Roman Empire October 1 - Pope Damasus I becomes Bishop of Rome. ... Procopius (c. ... Flavius Julius Valens (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·FLAVIVS·IVLIVS·VALENS·AVGVSTVS) (328 – August 9, 378) was Roman emperor from 364 until his death, after he was given the Eastern part of the empire by his brother Valentinian I. His father was the general Gratian the Elder. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... Events First Listing of the New Testament by St Athanasius of Alexandria. ... Events January 19 - Arcadius is elevated as Roman Emperor. ... A coin of Gratian. ... A coin of Gratian. ... A coin of Gratian. ... Events The Huns invade Europe. ... Events August 22 - Arbogast elevates Eugenius as Roman Emperor. ... A marble statue of Emperor Valentinian II, Aphrodisias Geyre (Aydin, Anatolia), 387–390. ... A marble statue of Emperor Valentinian II, Aphrodisias Geyre (Aydin, Anatolia), 387–390. ... A marble statue of Emperor Valentinian II, Aphrodisias Geyre (Aydin, Anatolia), 387–390. ... Events January 19 - Arcadius is elevated as Roman Emperor. ... // Events Bahram IV becomes king of Persia. ... Magnus Maximus. ... Magnus Maximus. ... For the processor, see Intel 80386. ... // Events Bahram IV becomes king of Persia. ... Flavius Victor was the infant son of Magnus Maximus by his wife Helen, allegedly the daughter of Octavius. ... Flavius Victor was the infant son of Magnus Maximus by his wife Helen, allegedly the daughter of Octavius. ... On the reverse of this coin minted under Valentinian II, both Valentinian and Theodosius are depicted with halos. ... Events August 22 - Arbogast elevates Eugenius as Roman Emperor. ... Events September 6 - Battle of the Frigidus: The christian Roman Emperor Theodosius I defeats and kills the pagan usurper Eugenius and his Frankish magister militum Arbogast. ... Flavius Eugenius claimed to be Western Roman Emperor (392 - 394). ... Flavius Eugenius claimed to be Western Roman Emperor (392 - 394). ...

Theodosian Dynasty

Reign Common name Personal name & Title
at birth/
on eve of accession
Imperial name Notes
379 to 17 January 395 Theodosius I the Great FLAVIVS THEODOSIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS THEODOSIVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Co-emperor; emperor in the east from 379
383 to January 395 Arcadius FLAVIVS ARCADIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS ARCADIVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Becoming Emperor in the East January 395
23 January 393 to 395 Honorius FLAVIVS HONORIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS HONORIVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Becoming Emperor in the West

The House of Theodosius was a Roman family that rose to eminence in the waning days of the Roman Empire. ... Events January 19 - Theodosius I is elevated as Roman Emperor at Sirmium. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is divided in an eastern and a western half. ... On the reverse of this coin minted under Valentinian II, both Valentinian and Theodosius are depicted with halos. ... On the reverse of this coin minted under Valentinian II, both Valentinian and Theodosius are depicted with halos. ... On the reverse of this coin minted under Valentinian II, both Valentinian and Theodosius are depicted with halos. ... Events January 19 - Theodosius I is elevated as Roman Emperor at Sirmium. ... Events January 19 - Arcadius is elevated as Roman Emperor. ... Events After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is divided in an eastern and a western half. ... Arcadius, holding a labarum, defeating an enemy. ... Arcadius, holding a labarum, defeating an enemy. ... Arcadius, holding a labarum, defeating an enemy. ... Events After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is divided in an eastern and a western half. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Gao Zu succeeds Tai Zu as Emperor of the Later Qin Empire in China. ... Events After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is divided in an eastern and a western half. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Honorius Flavius Augustus Honorius (September 9, 384–August 15, 423) was Emperor of the Western Roman Empire from 395 until his death. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Honorius Flavius Augustus Honorius (September 9, 384–August 15, 423) was Emperor of the Western Roman Empire from 395 until his death. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Honorius Flavius Augustus Honorius (September 9, 384–August 15, 423) was Emperor of the Western Roman Empire from 395 until his death. ...

Western Empire

Reign Common name Personal name & Title
at birth/
on eve of accession
Imperial name Notes
395 to 15 August 423 Honorius FLAVIVS HONORIVS IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS HONORIVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Co-emperor with Constantius III (421)
409 to 410 Priscus Attalus   IMPERATOR CAESAR PRISCVS ATTALVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Proclaimed emperor by the Visigoths
414 to 415 Priscus Attalus   IMPERATOR CAESAR PRISCVS ATTALVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS Proclaimed emperor by the Visigoths
407 to 411 Constantine III FLAVIVS CLAVDIVS CONSTANTINVS   Claimant
409 to 411 Constans II     Claimant, co-ruler with Constantine III
411 to 413 Jovinus     Claimant
412 to 413 Sebastianus     Claimant, co-ruler with Jovinus
421 Constantius III FLAVIVS CONSTANTIVS   Co-emperor with Honorius
423 to 425 Joannes IOHANNES   Claimant
425 to 16 March 455 Valentinian III FLAVIVS PLACIDVS VALENTINIANVS    
17 March 455 to 31 May 455 Petronius Maximus FLAVIVS PETRONIVS MAXIMVS    
June 455 to 17 October 456 Avitus MARCVS MAECILIVS FLAVIVS EPARCHIVS AVITVS    
457 to 2 August 461 Majorian IVLIVS VALERIVS MAIORIANVS   Abdicated
461 to 465 Libius Severus LIBIVS SEVERVS    
12 April 467 to 11 July 472 Anthemius PROCOPIVS ANTHEMIVS   Executed
July 472 to 2 November 472 Olybrius ANICIVS OLYBRIVS    
5 March 473 to June 474 Glycerius     Abdicated
June 474 to 25 April 480 Julius Nepos     Emperor in the West until 475, deposed by Orestes; fled; From 476 recognised by Odoacer; murdered 480
31 October 475 to 4 September 476 Romulus Augustus
Romulus Augustulus
FLAVIVS ROMVLVS
ROMVLVS AVGVSTVS
  Deposed by Odoacer; fate unknown.
For continuation, see: list of Barbarian kings of Italy

Eastern Emperors To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Events After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is divided in an eastern and a western half. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... Events On the death of Honorius, the primicerius notariorum Joannes seizes the throne of the Western Roman Empire, and is declared emperor. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Honorius Flavius Augustus Honorius (September 9, 384–August 15, 423) was Emperor of the Western Roman Empire from 395 until his death. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Honorius Flavius Augustus Honorius (September 9, 384–August 15, 423) was Emperor of the Western Roman Empire from 395 until his death. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Honorius Flavius Augustus Honorius (September 9, 384–August 15, 423) was Emperor of the Western Roman Empire from 395 until his death. ... Costantius on a solidus. ... Events February 8 - Constantius III becomes Co_Emperor of the Western Roman Empire June 7 - Roman Emperor Theodosius II marries Aelia Eudocia, formerly known as Athenais. ... For the cleaning product 409®, see butoxyethanol. ... Events Alaric I deposes Priscus Attalus as Roman Emperor. ... Priscus Attalus was an important senator in Rome (serving as Urban Prefect in 409). ... Priscus Attalus was an important senator in Rome (serving as Urban Prefect in 409). ... The Visigoths, originally Tervingi, or Vesi (the noble ones), one of the two main branches of the Goths (of which the Ostrogothi were the other), were one of the loosely-termed Germanic peoples that disturbed the late Roman Empire. ... Events Ataulf, king of the Visigoths, marries Galla Placidia, the sister of Roman Emperor Honorius. ... Events The Visigoths leave Gallia Narbonensis and relocate in Spain Wallia becomes king of the Visigoths. ... Priscus Attalus was an important senator in Rome (serving as Urban Prefect in 409). ... Priscus Attalus was an important senator in Rome (serving as Urban Prefect in 409). ... The Visigoths, originally Tervingi, or Vesi (the noble ones), one of the two main branches of the Goths (of which the Ostrogothi were the other), were one of the loosely-termed Germanic peoples that disturbed the late Roman Empire. ... // Events Gunderic becomes king of the Vandals and the Alans after the death of his father Godgisel Gratianus of Britain is assassinated and Constantine III takes his place at the head of the mutinous Roman garrison in Britain. ... Events The Burgundians elevate Jovinus as Roman Emperor. ... Roman coin, with Constantine III portrayed on its face Constantine III (died 411 by September 18) was a Roman general who declared himself Western Roman Emperor in 407, abdicating in 411 (and being killed soon after). ... Roman coin, with Constantine III portrayed on its face Constantine III (died 411 by September 18) was a Roman general who declared himself Western Roman Emperor in 407, abdicating in 411 (and being killed soon after). ... For the cleaning product 409®, see butoxyethanol. ... Events The Burgundians elevate Jovinus as Roman Emperor. ... Constans was the eldest son of the Roman usurper Constantine III and was appointed co-emperor by him from 409 to 411. ... Roman coin, with Constantine III portrayed on its face Constantine III (died 411 by September 18) was a Roman general who declared himself Western Roman Emperor in 407, abdicating in 411 (and being killed soon after). ... Events The Burgundians elevate Jovinus as Roman Emperor. ... Events May 8 - Honorius signs an edict providing tax relief for the provinces of Italy that have been plundered by the Visigoths. ... Jovinus Jovinus was a Gallo-senator and claimed to be Roman Emperor (411 - 413). ... Events The Visigoths move into Gaul, led by Alarics brother Ataulf. ... Events May 8 - Honorius signs an edict providing tax relief for the provinces of Italy that have been plundered by the Visigoths. ... Sebastianus, a brother of Jovinus, was an aristocrat of southern Gaul. ... Events February 8 - Constantius III becomes Co_Emperor of the Western Roman Empire June 7 - Roman Emperor Theodosius II marries Aelia Eudocia, formerly known as Athenais. ... Costantius on a solidus. ... Costantius on a solidus. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Honorius Flavius Augustus Honorius (September 9, 384–August 15, 423) was Emperor of the Western Roman Empire from 395 until his death. ... Events On the death of Honorius, the primicerius notariorum Joannes seizes the throne of the Western Roman Empire, and is declared emperor. ... Events October 23 -Valentinian III becomes western Roman emperor. ... Joannes, Roman Emperor (423 - 425) On the death of the Emperor Honorius (August 27, 423), Theodosius II, the remaining ruler of the House of Theodosius hesitated for some time in announcing his uncles death and in the interregum Honorius patrician at the time of his death, Castinus, elevated Joannes... Joannes, Roman Emperor (423 - 425) On the death of the Emperor Honorius (August 27, 423), Theodosius II, the remaining ruler of the House of Theodosius hesitated for some time in announcing his uncles death and in the interregum Honorius patrician at the time of his death, Castinus, elevated Joannes... Events October 23 -Valentinian III becomes western Roman emperor. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in Leap years). ... Events June 2 - Gaiseric leads the Vandals into Rome and plunder the city for two weeks. ... Solidus minted in Thessalonica to celebrate the marriage of Valentinian III to Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of the Eastern Emperor Theodosius II. On the reverse, the three of them in wedding dresses. ... Solidus minted in Thessalonica to celebrate the marriage of Valentinian III to Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of the Eastern Emperor Theodosius II. On the reverse, the three of them in wedding dresses. ... March 17 is the 76th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (77th in Leap years). ... Events June 2 - Gaiseric leads the Vandals into Rome and plunder the city for two weeks. ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining. ... Events June 2 - Gaiseric leads the Vandals into Rome and plunder the city for two weeks. ... Petronius Maximus on a coin. ... Petronius Maximus on a coin. ... Events June 2 - Gaiseric leads the Vandals into Rome and plunder the city for two weeks. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Emperor Marcian quells disturbances on the Armenian frontier. ... Avitus on a tremissis. ... Avitus on a tremissis. ... Events February 7 - Leo I becomes East Roman emperor. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... Events August 2 - Majorian resigns as Western Roman Emperor; shortly afterwards Libius Severus is declared western Roman emperor by Ricimer November 19 - Hilarius succeeds Leo as Pope Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a Christian missionary. ... Majorian on an bronze coin. ... Majorian on an bronze coin. ... Events August 2 - Majorian resigns as Western Roman Emperor; shortly afterwards Libius Severus is declared western Roman emperor by Ricimer November 19 - Hilarius succeeds Leo as Pope Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a Christian missionary. ... Events Song Qian Fei Di, then Song Ming Di become ruler of the Song Dynasty in China. ... Libius Severus was a Western Roman Emperor. ... Libius Severus was a Western Roman Emperor. ... April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... Events April 12 - Anthemius elevated to Western Roman Emperor Births Leo II, Byzantine emperor Cerdic of Wessex (approximate date). ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... Events Relations between the Roman Emperor Anthemius and the general Ricimer deteriorate completely. ... Procopius Anthemius (c. ... Procopius Anthemius (c. ... Events Relations between the Roman Emperor Anthemius and the general Ricimer deteriorate completely. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... Events Relations between the Roman Emperor Anthemius and the general Ricimer deteriorate completely. ... Anicius Olybrius, Western Roman Emperor (July 11 - October 23, 472), was a member of a noble family and a native of Rome. ... Anicius Olybrius, Western Roman Emperor (July 11 - October 23, 472), was a member of a noble family and a native of Rome. ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... Events Glycerius is named Western Roman Emperor. ... Events January 18 - Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor. ... Glycerius (c. ... Events January 18 - Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor. ... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... Events Odoacer defeats an attempt by Julius Nepos to recapture Italy, and has Julius killed; Odoacer also captured Dalmatia. ... Julius Nepos on a coin. ... Flavius Orestes (d. ... Odoacer solidus struck in name of Zeno. ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... See also 475 (number) Events Orestes forces western Roman emperor Julius Nepos to flee and declares his son Romulus Augustus to be emperor. ... September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... Events August - The usurper Basiliscus is deposed and Zeno is restored as Eastern Roman Emperor. ... Tremissis of Romulus Augustus. ... Tremissis of Romulus Augustus. ... Tremissis of Romulus Augustus. ... Tremissis of Romulus Augustus. ... Odoacer solidus struck in name of Zeno. ... The following is a list of barbarian kings of Italy: Maximinus Thrax (235-238) Odoacer (476-493) Ostrogothic Kings of Italy Theoderic (493-526) Athalaric (526-534) Theodahad (534-536) Witiges (536-540) Heldebadus (540-541) Totila (541-552) Teias (552) Teias was killed by the Byzantine general Narses, and...

For continuation, see: List of Byzantine emperors

Arcadius, holding a labarum, defeating an enemy. ... Events After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is divided in an eastern and a western half. ... Events Theodosius II succeeds his father Arcadius as Emperor of the Eastern half of the Roman Empire In the summer of this year, the usurper Constantine III captures Spain, destroying the loyalist forces defending it. ... Theodosius II Flavius Theodosius II (April, 401 - July 28, 450 ). The eldest son of Eudoxia and Arcadius who at the age of 7 became the Roman Emperor of the East. ... Events Theodosius II succeeds his father Arcadius as Emperor of the Eastern half of the Roman Empire In the summer of this year, the usurper Constantine III captures Spain, destroying the loyalist forces defending it. ... Events August 25 - Marcian proclaimed Eastern Roman Emperor by Aspar and Pulcheria. ... Another but lesser Marcian was a son-in-law of Byzantine Emperor Leo I and his queen Verina. ... Events August 25 - Marcian proclaimed Eastern Roman Emperor by Aspar and Pulcheria. ... Events February 7 - Leo I becomes East Roman emperor. ... Imperator Caesar Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus or Leo I of the Byzantine Empire (401 - 474, reigned 457 - 474), sometimes known as Leo the Thracian, was the last of a series of emperors placed on the throne by Aspar, the Alan serving as commander-in-chief of the army. ... Events February 7 - Leo I becomes East Roman emperor. ... Events January 18 - Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor. ... Imperator Caesar Flavius Leo Augustus or Leo II (467- November 17, 474) served as Eastern Roman Emperor from January 18 to November 17, 474. ... Events January 18 - Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor. ... Imperator Caesar Flavius Zeno Augustus or Tarasicodissa or Trascalissaeus (c. ... Events January 18 - Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor. ... Events AElle conquers the fortified Roman town of Anderida through siegecraft. ... Flavius Basiliscus was a rival Byzantine Emperor 475 _ 476. ... See also 475 (number) Events Orestes forces western Roman emperor Julius Nepos to flee and declares his son Romulus Augustus to be emperor. ... Events August - The usurper Basiliscus is deposed and Zeno is restored as Eastern Roman Emperor. ... Events August - The usurper Basiliscus is deposed and Zeno is restored as Eastern Roman Emperor. ... Events AElle conquers the fortified Roman town of Anderida through siegecraft. ... This is a list of the Emperors of the late Eastern Roman Empire, called Byzantine. ...

See also

Roman Emperors by Epoch
see also: List of Roman Emperors · Concise List of Roman Emperors · Roman Empire
Principate Crisis of the
3rd Century
Dominate Late Empire

Gallic
Emperors
Tetrarchies

Britannic
Emperors
Theodosian
dynasty

Emperors of the
Western Empire
Roman Emperor is the term historians use to refer to rulers of the Roman Empire, after the epoch conventionally named the Roman Republic. ... This is the short overview of Roman Emperors: for more detail and explanation, see: list of Roman Emperors and Roman Emperor. ... For other senses of this name, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... The office of Roman Emperor went through a complex evolution over the centuries of its existence. ... The Crisis of the Third Century marked the end of the Principate, the early phase of Imperial Roman government. ... The accession to the purple on November 20, 284, of Diocletian, the lower-class, Greek-speaking Dalmatian commander of Caruss and Numerians household cavalry (protectores domestici), marked a major departure from traditional Roman constitutional theory regarding the Emperor, who was nominally first among equals; Diocletian introduced Oriental despotism... The office of Roman Emperor underwent significant turbulence in the fourth and fifth centuries, after assuming the trappings of Eastern despotism during the Dominate. ... The Julio-Claudian dynasty was the series of the first five Roman Emperors. ... The forced suicide of emperor Nero, in 68 AD, was followed by a brief period of civil war (the first Roman civil war since Antonys death in 31 BC) known as the Year of the four emperors. ... The Flavian dynasty was a series of three Roman Emperors who ruled from 69, the Year of the Four Emperors, to 96, when the last member was assassinated. ... The Five Good Emperors (sometimes erroneously called the Nervan-Antonian Dynasty, which is actually a conflation of the Nervo-Trajanic and Antonine dynasties, including Commodus) were a series of five emperors of the Roman Empire who ruled from 96 to 180. ... The Year of the Six Emperors refers to AD192-193, in which there were six claimants for the title of Roman Emperor. ... The Severan dynasty is a lineage of Roman Emperors, reigning several decades from the late 2nd century to the early 3rd century. ... Barraks Emperor is the way Roman Emperors who ruled during 235–268 are collectively known. ... Several emperors of the Roman Empire were of Illyrian origin. ... The Gallic Empire (in Latin, imperium Galliarum) is the modern name for the independent realm that lived a brief existence during the Roman Empires Crisis of the Third Century, from 260 to 274. ... The Tetrarchs, a porphyry sculpture sacked from a Byzantine palace in 1204, Treasury of St. ... Category: ... The Valentinian Dynasty ruled the Roman Empire from 364 to 392. ... This is a list of Roman Emperors with the dates they ruled the Roman Empire. ... The House of Theodosius was a Roman family that rose to eminence in the waning days of the Roman Empire. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Byzantine
Emperors
This is a list of the Emperors of the late Eastern Roman Empire, called Byzantine. ...



 → (In Italy:)
Barbarian kings

 → (Much later in Western Europe:)
The following is a list of barbarian kings of Italy: Maximinus Thrax (235-238) Odoacer (476-493) Ostrogothic Kings of Italy Theoderic (493-526) Athalaric (526-534) Theodahad (534-536) Witiges (536-540) Heldebadus (540-541) Totila (541-552) Teias (552) Teias was killed by the Byzantine general Narses, and...

Holy Roman Emperors

 → (Continuing in Eastern Europe:)
The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ...

Byzantine Emperors

This is a list of the Emperors of the late Eastern Roman Empire, called Byzantine. ... Usurpers were a common feature of the late Roman Empire, especially from the so-called crisis of the third century onwards, when political instability became the rule. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Roman Emperors
  • There are good biographies of most of the Roman Emperors in De Imperatoribus Romanis.
  • The complete list of the Roman Empire Emperors

  Results from FactBites:
 
Concise list of Roman Emperors - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (286 words)
recognized as emperor by Septimius Severus; murdered by soldiers on the Palatine
Emperor in the West until 475, deposed by Orestes; fled; From 476 recognised by Odoacer; murdered 480
There are good biographies of most of the Roman Emperors in De Imperatoribus Romanis.
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Roman Emperor (2736 words)
This line of Roman emperors was actually generally German rather than Roman, but maintained their Romanness as a matter of principle; it lasted until 1806 when Francis II dissolved the Empire during the Napoleonic Wars.
This Julio-Claudian dynasty came to an end when the emperor Nero—a great-great-grandson of Augustus through his daughter and of Livia through her son—was deposed in AD Nero was followed by a succession of usurpers throughout 69, commonly called the "Year of the Four Emperors".
He was the last Emperor to rule over a united empire; the distribution of the East to his son Arcadius and the West to his son Honorius after his death in 395 represented a permanent division.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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