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Encyclopedia > List of Reichstag participants (1792)

The Holy Roman Empire was one of the strangest political structures in the world. Although in the earlier part of the Middle Ages, under the Salian and Hohenstaufen emperors, it was relatively centralized, as time went on the Emperor lost more and more power to the Princes. This article will attempt to sort out, to some extent, the political structure of the Empire, and list the various states it consisted of. This article is about the medieval empire. ... The Salian Dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire was founded by Conrad II (c. ... Arms of the Hohenstaufen Dynasty The Hohenstaufen (or the Staufer(s)) were a dynasty of Kings of Germany, many of whom were also crowned Holy Roman Emperor and Dukes of Swabia. ...

Contents

Structure of the Diet of the Holy Roman Empire in 1792

The year 1792, before the vast changes inspired by the French Revolutionary incursions into Germany, is a good point in time to look at and examine the structure of the Empire. The empire was, at this time, divided into several thousand immediate (unmittelbar) territories, but only about three hundred of these had Landeshoheit (the special sort of sovereignty enjoyed by the states of the Empire), and had representation in the Reichstag (Imperial Diet). The Imperial Diet was divided into three so-called collegia — the Council of Electors, the Council of Princes, and the Council of Cities. As who had votes had gradually changed over the centuries, many princes held more than one vote, as will be indicated. It also ought to be noted that certain territories which had once held votes in the diet, as for instance the County of Waldeck or the Duchy of Jülich-Kleve-Berg, no longer did so due to the extinction of an old dynasty, or for other reasons. 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... The Reichstag (German for Imperial Diet) was the parliament of the Holy Roman Empire, the North German Confederation, and of Germany until 1945. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ...


The Council of Electors

  1. The King of Bohemia (also Archduke of Austria and King of Hungary)
  2. The Archbishop of Mainz
  3. The Archbishop of Cologne
  4. The Archbishop of Trier
  5. The Count Palatine of the Rhine (also Duke of Bavaria)
  6. The Duke of Saxony
  7. The Margrave of Brandenburg ( King in Prussia)
  8. The Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Elector of Hanover, King of Great Britain)

The Lands of the Bohemian Crown (Czech Země koruny české, Latin Corona regni Bohemiae) (e. ... Between 780/82 AD and 1802 AD the Archbishop of Mainz, was an influential ecclesiastic and secular prince of the middle ages. ... The Archbishopric of Cologne was one of the major ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. ... The Archbishopric of Trier was one of the important ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. ... The Rhenish Palatinate (Rheinpfalz, sometimes Lower Palatinate or Niederpfalz) occupies rather more than a quarter of the German Bundesland (federal state) of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) and contains the towns of Ludwigshafen, Kaiserslautern, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Pirmasens, Landau and Speyer. ... The following is a list of rulers of Bavaria: Dukes of Bavaria, 889-1623 Liutpolding Dynasty Liutpold 889-907 Arnulf the Bad 907-937 Eberhard 937 Berthold 938-947 Liudolfing (Ottonian) Dynasty Henry I 947-955 Henry II the Quarrelsome 955-976 Otto I 976-982 Liutpolding Dynasty Henry III... List of Dukes, Electors, and Kings of Saxony, 880-1918 The original Duchy of Saxony was in Northern Germany, roughly corresponding to the modern German state of Lower Saxony and Westphalia. ... Historically the Margrave of Brandenburg was one of the most powerful titles in the Holy Roman Empire in being one of the 4 temporal electors and so being one of only 7 lords in the empire with a say in who became the next emperor. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... Brunswick-Lüneburg was an historical state within the Holy Roman Empire. ... Capital Hanover Head of State King of Hanover Hanover (German: ) was a historical territory in todays Germany, at various times a principality, an electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, a kingdom and a province of Prussia and of Germany. ...

The Council of Princes

[Note, this is ordered based on the official order of voting in the Diet]

This is a list of margraves, dukes, archdukes, and emperors of Austria. ... Cross of Burgundy Flag The Duchy of Burgundy, today Bourgogne, has its origin in the small portion of traditional lands of Burgundians west of river Saône which in 843 was allotted to Charles the Balds kingdom of West Franks. ...

The Ecclesiastical Bench

  1. The Archbishop of Salzburg
  2. The Archbishop of Besançon
  3. The Grand Master of the Teutonic Order
  4. The Bishop of Bamberg
  5. The Bishop of Würzburg
  6. The Bishop of Worms
  7. The Bishop of Eichstätt
  8. The Bishop of Speyer
  9. The Bishop of Strassburg
  10. The Bishop of Constance
  11. The Bishop of Augsburg
  12. The Bishop of Hildesheim
  13. The Bishop of Paderborn
  14. The Bishop of Freising
  15. The Bishop of Regensburg
  16. The Bishop of Passau
  17. The Bishop of Trent
  18. The Bishop of Brixen
  19. The Bishop of Basel
  20. The Bishop of Münster
  21. The Bishop of Osnabrück (notable as, after 1648, it alternated between Protestant and Roman Catholic incumbents)
  22. The Bishop of Liège
  23. The Bishop of Lübeck
  24. The Bishop of Chur
  25. The Bishop of Fulda
  26. The Abbot of Kempten
  27. The Provost of Ellwangen
  28. The Grand Master of the Order of St. John
  29. The Prior of Berchtesgaden
  30. The Abbot of Weissenburg
  31. The Abbot of Prüm
  32. The Abbot of Stablo
  33. The Abbot of Corvey
  34. A single vote for the College of the Prelates of Swabia; see below
  35. A single vote for the College of the Prelates of the Rhine; see below
These last two were groups of lesser abbots, who together had a joint vote. Unlike those who had a full vote, they were not considered fully sovereign.

The Archbishopric of Salzburg was an ecclesiastical state of the Holy Roman Empire, consisting of roughly of the present_day state of Salzburg in Austria. ... The Archbishopric of Besançon is coextensive with the départements of Doubs, Haute-Saône, and the district of Belfort. ... Teutonic Knights, charging into battle. ... The Bishopric of Bamberg was an ecclesiastical principality in the Holy Roman Empire, located around the city of Bamberg in Upper Franconia, also including the city of Erlangen. ... The Bishopric of Würzburg was an ecclesiastical principality in the Holy Roman Empire, located in Lower Franconia, around the City of Würzburg. ... The Bishopric of Worms was an ecclesiastical principality of the Holy Roman Empire. ... The Bishop of Eichstätt is the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Eichstätt in the Archdiocese of Bamberg. ... The Bishop of Speyer is the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Speyer in the Archdiocese of Bamberg. ... Notre-Dame de Strasbourg, seat of the archbishop of Strasbourg The Archbishopric of Strasbourg (French Diocèse dAlsace, German Erzbistum Straßburg, Latin Archidioecesis Argentoratensis o Argentinensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese at Strasbourg, Alsace, and is as immediate bishopric a direct subject to the Holy See in Rome... Coat of arms of the Bishops of Constance The Bishopric of Constance was a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church that existed from about 585 until 1821. ... The Bishop of Augsburg is the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Augsburg in the Archdiocese of München und Freising / Munich. ... The Bishopric of Hildesheim is a Roman Catholic diocese in Lower Saxony; it was founded in 815. ... Paderborn is a Roman-Catholic archdiocese in Germany; its seat is Paderborn. ... The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Munich and Freising — known in the German language as Erzbistum München und Freising and in Latin as Archidioecesis Monacensis et Frisingensis — is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Bavaria, Germany. ... The Diocese of Regensburg (Latin Dioecesis Ratisbonensis) is a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church seated in Regensburg. ... The Bishop of Passau is the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Passau in the Archdiocese of München und Freising . ... The Prince-bishops of Trento (German title Fürstbischof zu Trient) were the leader of the independent Bishopric of Trento, an ecclesiastical state of the Holy Roman Empire of what is now northern Italy. ... The bishopric of Brixen (modern Brixen-Bressanone, in what is now the autonomous province of Bolzano) is a former independent state of Northern Italy which was created in 1179 and existed until 1803, when it was absorbed into the Habsburgs Holy Roman Empire. ... The Bishop of Basel (German: Bischof von Basel) is the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic diocese of Basel, Switzerland (Latin: Dioecesis Basileensis). ... The Bishopric of Münster was an ecclesiastical principality in the Holy Roman Empire, located in the northern part of todays North Rhine-Westphalia and western Lower Saxony. ... The Bishopric of Osnabrück is a Roman Catholic diocese in Germany; it was founded around 800. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Bishopric of Liège in 1477. ... The Bishop of Chur is the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic diocese of Chur (Grisons, Switzerland). ... Kempten can refer to: A town in Bavaria, Germany, Kempten im Allgäu. ... Ellwangen Abbey (Kloster Ellwangen) was the earliest Benedictine monastery established in what is now Baden-Württemberg, in Ellwangen about 30 miles / 50 km north-east of Stuttgart. ... Baron Vassiliev, a 19th-century Knight Commander The Knights Hospitaller (also known as the Sovereign Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, Knights of Malta, Knights of Rhodes, and Chevaliers of Malta) was an organization that began as an Amalfitan hospital founded in Jerusalem in 1080... Berchtesgaden Provostry or the Prince-Provostry of Berchtesgaden (German: Fürstpropstei Berchtesgaden) was a reichsunmittelbar canonry, or collegiate foundation, of the Augustinian Canons and its territory, in Berchtesgaden in Bavaria, Germany. ... Wissembourg (German: Weißenburg) is a small town and commune situated on the border between France and Germany, in the Alsace région, approximately 60 km north of Strasbourg. ... The Abbey of Prüm is a former Benedictine abbey in Lorraine, now in the Diocese of Trier (Germany), founded by a Frankish widow Bertrada, and her son Charibert, count of Laon, 23 June 720. ... Stavelot is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège. ... Corvey Abbey: West end. ... Germany, showing modern borders. ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ...

The Secular Bench

  1. The Duke of Bavaria (the Elector of Bavaria)
  2. The Duke of Magdeburg (also King of Prussia)
  3. The Count Palatine of Kaiserslautern (also the Elector of Bavaria)
  4. The Count Palatine of Simmern (also the Elector of Bavaria)
  5. The Count Palatine of Neuburg (also the Elector of Bavaria)
  6. The Duke of Bremen (also the Elector of Hanover)
  7. The Duke of Zweibrücken
  8. The Count Palatine of Veldenz (also the Elector of Bavaria)
  9. The Duke of Saxe-Weimar
  10. The Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (also Duke of Saxe-Weimar)
  11. The Duke of Saxe-Coburg
  12. The Duke of Saxe-Gotha
  13. The Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (also Duke of Saxe-Gotha)
  14. The Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (also King of Prussia)
  15. The Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (also King of Prussia)
  16. The Duke of Brunswick-Celle (also Elector of Hanover)
  17. The Duke of Brunswick-Kalenberg (also Elector of Hanover)
  18. The Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen (also Elector of Hanover)
  19. The Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
  20. The Prince of Halberstadt (also King of Prussia)
  21. The Duke of Lower Pomerania (also King of Prussia)
  22. The Duke of Upper Pomerania (also King of Sweden)
  23. The Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  24. The Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (also Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
  25. The Duke of Württemberg
  26. The Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
  27. The Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
  28. The Margrave of Baden-Baden (the Margrave of Baden)
  29. The Margrave of Baden-Durlach (the Margrave of Baden)
  30. The Prince of Verden (also Elector of Hanover)
  31. The Margrave of Baden-Hochberg (the Margrave of Baden)
  32. The Duke of Holstein-Gluckstädt (also King of Denmark)
  33. The Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (also Elector of Hanover)
  34. The Prince of Minden (also King of Prussia)
  35. The Duke of Holstein-Gottorp-Oldenburg
  36. The Duke of Savoy (also King of Sardinia)
  37. The Landgrave of Leuchtenberg (also Elector of Bavaria)
  38. The Prince of Anhalt (actually, there were four Prince of Anhalt at this time, who split the vote — the Princes of Anhalt-Zerbst, Anhalt-Dessau, Anhalt-Bernburg, and Anhalt-Köthen)
  39. The Princely Count of Henneberg (this vote was divided among the various branches of the House of Wettin, including the Elector of Saxony, the Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and the Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg)
  40. The Prince of Schwerin (also Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
  41. The Prince of Kammin (also King of Prussia)
  42. The Prince of Ratzeburg (also Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz)
  43. The Prince of Hersfeld (also Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel)
  44. The Prince of Nomény (to the House of Lorraine; after 1780 also King of Bohemia, etc.)
  45. The Prince of Mömpelgard (also Duke of Württemberg)
  46. The Duke of Arenberg
  47. The Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
  48. The Prince of Lobkowitz
  49. The Prince of Salm (actually, there were two branches of this family, who split the vote — the Prince of Salm-Salm and the Prince of Salm-Kyrburg)
  50. The Prince of Dietrichstein
  51. The Prince of Nassau-Hadamar (also Prince of Orange and Stadtholder of the United Provinces)
  52. The Prince of Nassau-Dillenburg (also Prince of Orange)
  53. The Prince of Auersperg
  54. The Prince of East Frisia (also King of Prussia)
  55. The Prince of Fürstenberg
  56. The Prince of Schwarzenberg
  57. The Prince of Thurn and Taxis
  58. The Prince of Schwarzburg (divided into two branches, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen)
  59. A single vote for the College of the Counts of Swabia; see below
  60. A single vote for the College of the Counts of the Wetterau; see below
  61. A single vote for the College of the Counts of Franconia; see below
  62. A single vote for the College of the Counts of Westphalia; see below

The following is a list of rulers of Bavaria: Dukes of Bavaria, 889-1623 Liutpolding Dynasty Liutpold 889-907 Arnulf the Bad 907-937 Eberhard 937 Berthold 938-947 Liudolfing (Ottonian) Dynasty Henry I 947-955 Henry II the Quarrelsome 955-976 Otto I 976-982 Liutpolding Dynasty Henry III... The Archbishopric of Magdeburg was a Roman Catholic archdiocese from 968 to 1545, and a state of the Holy Roman Empire from the 12th century until 1806. ... This article is about the city. ... A weekday morning street scene, with the Stephanskirche in the background. ... Neuburg can refer to: Neuburg an der Donau, a town which is the administrative seat of the Neuburg-Schrobenhausen district, in the state of Bavaria, Germany Neuburg-Schrobenhausen, a district in the state of Bavaria in Germany The Count Palatine of Neuburg — see Palatinate This is a disambiguation page — a... The Duchy of Bremen was a state of the Holy Roman Empire, with territory stretching from the north of the city of Bremen (although not including the city itself) to the coast of the North Sea. ... Zweibrücken is a city of Germany in Rhineland-Palatinate, on the Schwarzbach river at the border of the Palatine Forest. ... Veldenz is a municipality in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich, in Rhineland-Palatinate, in western Germany. ... Saxe-Weimar (German Sachsen-Weimar) was a Duchy in Thuringia. ... Saxe-Eisenach (German Sachsen-Eisenach) was the name of three different duchies that existed at different times in Thuringia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Ansbach, or Anspach, originally Onolzbach, is a town in Bavaria, Germany. ... Bayreuth [pronounced by-royt] is a town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Frankish Alb and the Fichtelgebirge. ... Arms of Brunswick-Lüneburg Lüneburg-Celle was a dynastic division of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg in the Holy Roman Empire. ... Brunswick-Lüneburg was an historical state within the Holy Roman Empire. ... The Principality of Grubenhagen was a subdivision of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg in the Holy Roman Empire. ... Location of the Duchy of Brunswick within the German Empire Capital Braunschweig Government Monarchy Duke  - 1813-1815 Frederick William  - 1913-1918 Ernest Augustus History  - Restoration 1815  - Abdication 1918 Area  - 1910 3,672 km² Population  - 1910 est. ... The Bishopric of Halberstadt was a Roman Catholic diocese from 804 until 1648 and a state of the Holy Roman Empire from the late Middle Ages until around 1800. ... The Farther Pomerania or Pomerania proper (Polish: Pomorze ZaodrzaÅ„skie, German: Hinterpommern, Latin: Pomerania Superior) is part of Pomerania east of the Odra river. ... Swedish Pomerania (Swedish: Svenska Pommern) was a Dominion under the Swedish Crown from the 17th to the 19th century, situated on the German Baltic Sea coast. ... Mecklenburg-Schwerin was a Duchy (from 1815 a Grand Duchy) in northeastern Germany, formed by a partition of the Duchy of Mecklenburg. ... The name Mecklenburg derives from a castle named Mikilenburg (Old German: big castle), located between the cities of Schwerin and Wismar. ... Arms of the Kingdom of Württemberg The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Wuerttemberg. ... Hesse-Kassel (Hessen-Kassel in German) was a German principality that came into existence when the Landgraviate of Hesse was divided in 1568 upon the death of Landgrave Philip I of Hesse. ... Capital Darmstadt Government Monarchy Landgrave  - 1567 - 1596 George I  - 1790 - 1806 Louis X History  - Established 1567  - Disestablished 1806 The Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: ) was a member state of the Holy Roman Empire. ... , Baden-Baden is a town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Baden was a territory in the southwest of what later became unified Germany. ... Baden is a historical state in the southwest of Germany, on the right bank of the Rhine. ... Verden is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Holstein (Hol-shtayn) (Low German: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin and historical English: Holsatia) is the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, between the rivers Elbe and Eider. ... The Coat of Arms of Lauenburg The Duchy of Lauenburg, also known as Saxe-Lauenburg was a medieval Duchy (Reichsfreiheit) that existed from 1296 in the extreme southeast region of Schleswig-Holstein with its territorial center in the modern district of Lauenburg. ... The Bishopric of Minden was a Roman Catholic diocese and a state of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Holstein-Gottorp or Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp was a duchy consisting of areas within Schleswig and Holstein, in present-day Denmark and Germany. ... Oldenburg (Low German: Ollnborg) is an Independent City in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Flag of Savoy This article is about the historical region of Savoy. ... For the place in the United States, see Sardinia, Ohio. ... Leuchtenberg is a town in the district of Neustadt (Waldnaab) in Bavaria in Germany. ... Anhalt is a historical region of Germany, which is now included in the state of Saxony-Anhalt. ... Anhalt-Zerbst was a principality located in Germany. ... Anhalt is a historical region of Germany, which is now included in the state of Saxony-Anhalt. ... Anhalt is a historical region of Germany, which is now included in the state of Saxony-Anhalt. ... Anhalt is a historical region of Germany, which is now included in the state of Saxony-Anhalt. ... Coat of Arms Henneberg-Schleusingen House of Henneberg: a branch of the Franconian Babenbergs which was very powerful in Franconia and Thuringia particularly in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries // The distant origins of this family are speculative yet seem to originate in the Rhine Valley, east of modern-day... The Wettin dynasty of German counts, dukes, Prince Electors (Kurfürsten) and kings ruled the area of todays German state of Saxony for more than 800 years as well as holding for a time the kingship of Poland. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... The Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Herzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach) was created in 1809 by the merger of the Ernestine duchies of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach, which had been in personal union since 1741, when the Saxe-Eisenach line had died out. ... Saxe-Coburg (German Sachsen-Coburg) is a historical state in todays Bavaria, Germany. ... Capitals Coburg and Gotha Head of State Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg and Gotha or Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (German: ) served as the name of the two German duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany, in the present-day states of Bavaria and Thuringia, which were... Schwerin is a town in northern Germany. ... KamieÅ„ Pomorski is a town in the far northwest of Poland in the West-Pomeranian Voivodship. ... Ratzeburg is a town in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ... Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a duchy in northern Germany, roughly consisting of the present day district of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (the historical Stargarder Land), bordering areas of modern-day Brandenburg with the town of Fürstenberg and the area around Ratzeburg in modern Schleswig-Holstein. ... Bad Hersfeld is a spa town in the north-eastern region of Hesse in Germany. ... Lorraine coat of arms location of the Lorraine province Lorraine (French: Lorraine; German: Lothringen) is a historical area in present-day northeast France. ... Montbéliard (German: Mömpelgard) is a commune in the Doubs département, in eastern France. ... Arenberg (also spelled as Aremberg or Ahremberg) is a historic duchy located in modern Germany. ... Hohenzollern-Hechingen is a branch of the senior Swabian branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty, less known however than the Franconian branch which became Burgraves of Nuremberg and later ruled Brandenburg, Prussia and ultimately Germany in the centuries to 1918. ... The Lobkowicz (also spelled Lobkowitz or Lobkovic) family is one of the oldest still existing Bohemian noble families dating back to the 14th century. ... Salm is the name of several historic principalities in present Germany, Belgium and France. ... Salm-Salm was a German statelet located in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Salm-Kyrburg was a medieval statelet located in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Prince of Orange is a title of nobility, originally associated with the principality of Orange in southern France. ... A stadtholder (Dutch: stadhouder meaning place holder, a Germanic parallel to Latin locum tenens or French lieutenant), means an official who is appointed by the legal ruling Monarch to represent him in a country, and may have a mandate to govern it in his name, in the latter case roughly... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... Nassau was a German state within the Holy Roman Empire. ... Auersperg was a German Princely family, which held estates in Austria and Thengen (located in southern Baden-Württemberg, Germany, north of Schaffhausen, Switzerland. ... The landscape to the north of Greetsiel, in East Frisia. ... Fürstenberg is the name of a noble house in Germany, primarily based in southern Baden-Württemberg). ... Schwarzenberg (ze Å varzenberka in Czech) is the name of a Frankish and Bohemian aristocratic family which was first mentioned in 1172. ... The Princely House of Thurn und Taxis is a German family that was a key player in the postal (mail) services in Europe in the 16th century and is well known as owners of breweries and builders of countless castles. ... Schwarzburg is a village in the Schwatzatal in the district Saalfeld-Rudolstadt in Thuringia, Germany. ... Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was a small state in Germany, in the present-day state of Thuringia, with capital at Rudolstadt. ... Schwarzburg-Sondershausen was a small state in Germany, in the present day state of Thuringia, with capital at Sondershausen. ... Germany, showing modern borders. ... The Wetterau is a fertile undulating tract, watered by the Wetter, a tributary of the Main, in German region of Hesse, between the hilly province Oberhessen and the north-western Taunus mountains. ... Franconia (German: Franken) is a historic region in modern Germany, which today forms three administrative regions of the German federal state of Bavaria: Lower Franconia (Unterfranken), Middle Franconia (Mittelfranken), and Upper Franconia (Oberfranken). ... Westphalia (German: Westfalen) is a region in Germany, centred on the cities of Bielefeld, Dortmund, Gelsenkirchen, Münster, and Osnabrück and included in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony. ...

The Council of Cities

The Council of Imperial Free Cities was not actually equal to the others — its vote was only advisory. In 1792, there were 51 Free Cities, divided amongst six Circles. In the Holy Roman Empire, an Imperial Free City (in German: Freie Reichsstadt) was a city formally responsible to the Emperor only — as opposed to the majority of cities in the Empire, which belonged to a territory and were thus governed by one of the many princes and dukes...


Circle of Bavaria

  1. Regensburg

Regensburg (also Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona) is a city (population 151. ...

Circle of Franconia

  1. Nuremberg
  2. Rothenburg ob der Tauber
  3. Bad Windsheim
  4. Schweinfurt
  5. Weißenburg in Bayern (Nordgau)

“Nürnberg” redirects here. ... Town Hall Square of Rothenburg A famous street in Rothenburg at Koboldzellersteig and Spittalgasse Town wall of Rothenburg Rothenburg ob der Tauber is a town in the district of Ansbach of Mittelfranken (Middle Franconia), the Franconia region of Bavaria, Germany, well known for its well-preserved medieval old town. ... Bad Windsheim is a small historic city in Bavaria, Germany. ... Schweinfurt is a city in the Unterfranken region of Bavaria in Germany on the right bank of the canalized Main, which is here spanned by several bridges, 27 km North-East of Würzburg. ... Weißenburg is also the German name for Wissembourg in France and Alba Iulia in Romania. ...

Circle of the Lower Rhine-Westphalia

  1. Cologne
  2. Aachen
  3. Dortmund

For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Oche redirects here; in darts the oche is the line from which players must throw. ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ...

Circle of Lower Saxony

  1. Lübeck
  2. Goslar
  3. Mühlhausen
  4. Hamburg
  5. Bremen
  6. Nordhausen

The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Luebeck. ... Coordinates: Time zone: CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country: Germany State: Lower Saxony District: Goslar City subdivisions: 12 districts Lord Mayor: Henning Binnewies (SPD) Basic Statistics Area: 92. ... Mühlhausen is a city in the federal state Thuringia, Germany. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... Roland statue in Nordhausen Twinning The city is twinned with Bet Shemesh in Israel Charleville-Mézières in France Bochum Ostrów Wielkopolski in Poland Nordhausen is a city of about 45,000 people at the southern border of the Harz mountains, in the state of Thuringia, Germany. ...

Circle of the Upper Rhine

  1. Worms
  2. Speyer
  3. Frankfurt am Main
  4. Friedberg
  5. Wetzlar

Wormser Dom Worms (pronounced ) is a city in the southwest of Germany. ... Speyer (English formerly Spires) is a city in Germany (Rhineland-Palatinate) with approx. ... Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth largest city of Germany. ... Friedberg (Friedberg in der Wetterau) is a town near Frankfurt am Main (about 30 km north of Frankfurt) and has about 25,000 inhabitants. ... Wetzlar is a town in the German federal state (Bundesland) of Hesse, capital of the Lahn-Dill district. ...

Circle of Swabia

  1. Augsburg
  2. Ulm
  3. Esslingen am Neckar
  4. Reutlingen
  5. Nördlingen
  6. Schwäbisch Hall
  7. Überlingen
  8. Rottweil
  9. Heilbronn
  10. Schwäbisch Gmünd
  11. Memmingen
  12. Lindau
  13. Dinkelsbühl
  14. Biberach
  15. Ravensburg
  16. Kempten
  17. Kaufbeuren
  18. Weil
  19. Wangen im Allgäu
  20. Isny im Allgäu
  21. Leutkirch im Allgäu
  22. Wimpfen
  23. Giengen
  24. Pfullendorf
  25. Buchhorn
  26. Aalen
  27. Bopfingen
  28. Buchau
  29. Offenburg
  30. Gengenbach
  31. Zell am Harmersbach

For other meanings for Augsburg: See Augsburg (disambiguation) , Augsburg is a city in south-central Germany. ... For other uses, see Ulm (disambiguation). ... Esslingen is a city in the Stuttgart Region of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, capital of the District of Esslingen. ... Reutlingen is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Nördlingen is a town in the Donau-Ries district, in Bavaria, Germany, with a population of almost 20,000. ... Schwäbisch Hall (or Hall for short) is a town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg; it is the capital of the district of Schwäbisch Hall. ... Überlingen Überlingen is a city in south-western Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Rottweil Watershed of the Neckar River Watershed of the Rhine River Rottweil is the oldest town in southwestern Germany, in the State of Baden-Württemberg. ... View of the Heilbronn centre of town toward the Wartberg. ... Schwäbisch Gmünd is a town in the eastern part of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Memmingen is a town in the Bavarian administrative region Swabia in Germany. ... famous harbor entrance of Lindau reverse side of the old town hall of Lindau Lindau is a German city and an island in the eastern part of the Lake Constance, the Bodensee. ... Dinkelsbühl is a historic city in Bavaria, Germany. ... Biberach is a town in the south of Germany, capital of the district Biberach in Baden-Württemberg. ... Ravensburg, Blaserturm (Trumpeters Tower), Waaghaus (Balance Hall) and Rathaus (Town Hall) Ravensburg is a town in Upper Swabia in Southern Germany, capital of the district of Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg. ... Kempten is the capital of Allgäu, a region in the south-west of Bavaria, Germany. ... Kaufbeuren is an independent city in the Regierungsbezirk of Schwaben, southern Bavaria. ... Weil der Stadt is a small town with approximately 19,200 inhabitants, located in the Stuttgart Region of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Wangen im Allgäu is a historic city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Isny im Allgäu is a city in south-eastern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Leutkirch im Allgäu is a German town in Baden-Württemberg. ... Bad Wimpfen is a historic spa town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Giengen (full name: Giengen an der Brenz) is a historic city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Pfullendorf is a small historic city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Friedrichshafen is a town on the northern side of Lake Constance (Bodensee) in southern Germany, near the borders with Switzerland and Austria. ... Aalen (pronounced ) is a town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Bopfingen is a small historic city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Bad Buchau Bad Buchau is a little town in the district of Biberach, Baden-Württemberg, Germany with about 4,000 inhabitants. ... Offenburg is a city located in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Gengenbach is a town in the Ortenaukreis, Baden-Württemberg, Germany and a famous tourist destination on the western edge of the Black Forest with about 11000 inhabitants. ... Zell am Harmersbach is a small historic city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ...

Membership of single-vote colleges

The two benches of the Council of Princes each contained single-vote colleges. The membership of each of these was as follows:


The Prelates of Swabia

Baindt Abbey; drawing of 1889, based on earlier image Baindt Abbey (Kloster or Reichskloster Baindt) was a Cistercian nunnery in Baindt in the district of Ravensburg in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Map of Württemberg before the French Revolutionary Wars, showing the Free Imperial City of Ulm, separating the two parts of the Imperial Abbey of Elchingen, with the Danube shown running through the centre of the image. ... Gengenbach Abbey (Kloster Gengenbach) was a Benedictine monastery in Gengenbach in the district of Ortenau, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Maselheim is a town in the district of Biberach in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. ... Irsee Abbey or Irsee Monastery (also Kloster Irsee, Abtei or Reichsabtei Irsee) is a former Benedictine abbey located at Irsee near Kaufbeuren in Bavaria. ... Plan of Kaisheim Abbey church Kaisheim Abbey (Kloster or Reichsstift Kaisheim) was a Cistercian monastery in Kaisheim, Bavaria, Germany. ... Minster church, Marchtal Abbey Marchtal Abbey (Kloster Marchtal or Reichsstift Marchtal) is a former Premonstratensian monastery in Obermarchtal in the Alb-Donau-Kreis, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Neresheim Abbey or Abbey of Saints Ulrich and Afra (Abtei Neresheim or Abtei der heiligen Ulrich und Afra) is located above the town of Neresheim in Baden-Württemberg. ... Former abbey church of St. ... Former monastery of Petershausen, now a museum Petershausen Abbey (Kloster, Reichskloster or or Abtei Petershausen) was a Benedictine monastery situated at Petershausen, now a part of Konstanz in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Roggenburg is a municipality in the district of Laufen, in the canton of Basel-Country, Switzerland. ... Roth is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Rottweil is the oldest town in southwestern Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Wahrhafte Abbildung des Klosters Salem: engraving of Salem Abbey by Jacob Andreas Fridrich (1648-1751) after a drawing by Christoph Lienhardt (1648-1714), published in Apiarium Salemitanum, 1708 Salem Abbey (Kloster or Reichskloster Salem), also known as Salmanswiler and in Latin as Salomonis Villa, was a very prominent Cistercian monastery... Kloster Schussenried 1721 New Monastery (Neues Kloster) and abbey church Schussenried Abbey (Kloster Schussenried, Reichsabtei Schussenried) was a Premonstratensian monastery in Bad Schussenried, Upper Swabia, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Ursberg Abbey (Kloster Ursberg) is a former Premonstratensian monastery, now a convent of the Franciscan St. ... Weingarten Abbey 1525 Weingarten Abbey or St. ... Engraving of Weissenau Abbey, Johann Mathias Steidlin, 1734 Weissenau Abbey (Kloster Weissenau, Reichsstift Weissenau) was a Premonstratensian monastery in Upper Swabia, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Coat of arms Capital Kammeltal Language(s) Alemannic German Religion Roman Catholic Government Theocracy Historical era Middle Ages  - Established 1130  - Joined Council of Princes 1793  - Secularised to Bavaria 1803 Wettenhausen Abbey (German: ) was formerly a monastery of the Augustinian Canons; today it is a Dominican convent. ... Zwiefalten Abbey (in German Kloster Zwiefalten, Abtei Zwiefalten or after 1750, Reichsabtei Zwiefalten) was a Benedictine monastery situated at Zwiefalten near Reutlingen in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. ...

The Prelates of the Rhine

Bruchsal is a city approximately 20 km to the northeast of Karlsruhe in the state of Baden-Württemberg in Germany. ... Buchau Abbey or the Imperial Abbey of Buchau ( Reichsstift Buchau) was a nunnery, and later collegiate foundation, in the present town of Bad Buchau in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Burtscheid Abbey (Abtei Burtscheid) was a house of the Benedictine Order, after 1220 a Cistercian nunnery, located at Burtscheid, near Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, in Germany. ... Map of the Koblenz region Koblenz (also Coblenz in pre-1926 German spellings; French Coblence) is a city situated on both banks of the Rhine at its confluence with the Moselle, where the Deutsches Eck (German Corner) and its monument ( Emperor William I on horseback) are situated. ... Teutonic Knights, charging into battle. ... Kornelimünster Abbey (Kloster Kornelimünster) is a Benedictine monastery in Kornelimünster, since 1972 a part of Aachen (as Stadtbezirk Kornelimünster/Walheim), in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. ... (New region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² (??? mi) km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Coat of arms of the second Duchy of Burgundy and later of the French province of Burgundy Burgundy (French: ; German: ) is a historic region of France, inhabited in turn by Celts (Gauls), Romans (Gallo-Romans), and various Germanic peoples, most importantly the Burgundians and the Franks; the former gave their... Essen Cathedral (Essener Münster), former church of the abbey, overshadowed by the City Hall of modern Essen Cloister of the abbey church with the graveyard of the cathedral canons Essen Abbey (Stift Essen) was a collegiate foundation, or canonry, for women of the high nobility in Essen. ... Map of Germany showing Bad Gandersheim Bad Gandersheim is a city in southern Lower Saxony, Germany, located in the District of Northeim. ... Isny before and after the great fire of 1631; St. ... Gernrode is a city in Germany, in the district (Kreis) of Quedlinburg in the state (Bundesland) of Saxony-Anhalt. ... Herforder Münster Herford is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the lowlands between the mountain chains of the Wiehengebirge and the Teutoburg Forest. ... Niedermünster redirects here. ... Regensburg (also Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona) is a city (population 151. ... The Obermünster, or Obermünster Abbey, Regensburg, was a collegiate house of canonesses (Frauenstift) in Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany, second only to Niedermünster in wealth and power. ... Former abbey church of St. ... Thorn is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... The abbey of Saint Ulrich and Saint Afra, Augsburg St. ... For other meanings for Augsburg: See Augsburg (disambiguation) , Augsburg is a city in south-central Germany. ... Kloster Werden or Werden Abbey is a Benedictine monastery in Essen-Werden (Germany), situated on the Ruhr. ...

The Counts of the Wetterau

  • The Princes and Counts of Solms
  • The Prince of Nassau-Usingen
  • The Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
  • The Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken
  • The Princes and Counts of Isenburg
  • The Counts of Stollberg
  • The Princes and Counts of Sayn-Wittgenstein
  • The Counts of Salm
  • The Princes and Counts of Leiningen
  • The Counts of Westerburg
  • The Princes of Schönburg
  • The Count of Wied-Runkel
  • The Counts of Ortenburg
  • The Counts of Reuss zu Plauen

Flag of Nassau-Weilburg Nassau-Weilburg were a state in the current Germany which had existed from 1344 to 1816. ... Flag of Nassau-Weilburg The House of Nassau-Weilburg ruled a division of Nassau, which was a state in current Germany, a state that existed from 1344 to 1816. ... Isenburg was a German region in southern Hesse, Germany, located in territories north and south of Frankfurt. ... Stollberg is a town in Saxony, capital of the district Stollberg. ... Reuss (German: Reuß) was the name of several historical states located in present-day Thuringia, Germany. ...

The Counts of Swabia

  • The Prince of Fürstenberg
  • The Abbess of Buchau
  • The Commander of the Teutonic Knights
  • The Prince of Oettingen
  • The Count of Montfort (also King of Bohemia)
  • The Count of Helfenstein (also Elector of Bavaria)
  • The Prince of Schwarzenberg
  • The Count of Königsegg
  • The Count of Waldburg
  • The Count of Eberstein (also Margrave of Baden)
  • The Count von der Leyen
  • The Counts of Fugger
  • The Lord of Hohenems (also King of Bohemia)
  • The Count of Traun
  • The Prince-Abbot of St. Blase
  • The Count of Stadion
  • The Prince of Thurn and Taxis
  • The Count of Khevenhüller
  • The Count of Kuefstein
  • The Prince of Colloredo
  • The Count of Harrach
  • The Count of Sternberg
  • The Count of Neipperg

Coat of arms Map of Württemberg before the French Revolutionary Wars, showing the County of Fugger, with the Danube shown running through the centre of the image and the Iller forming the border between Württemberger lands (coloured) and Bavarian lands (non-coloured) Capital Weißenhorn (nominally) Imp. ... Coat of arms Capital St. ...

The Counts of Franconia

  • The Princes and Counts of Hohenlohe
  • The Counts of Castell
  • The Counts of Erbach
  • The Princes and Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim
  • The Heirs to the Counts of Limpurg
  • The Counts of Nostitz-Rieneck
  • The Prince of Schwarzenberg
  • The Heirs to the Counts of Wolfstein
  • The Counts of Schönborn
  • The Counts of Windisch-Grätz
  • The Counts Orsini von Rosenberg
  • The Counts of Starhemberg
  • The Counts of Wurmbrand
  • The Counts of Giech
  • The Counts of Gravenitz
  • The Counts of Pückler

The Counts of Westphalia

  • The Lord of Sayn-Altenkirchen (also Elector of Hanover)
  • The Count of Hoya (also Elector of Hanover)
  • The Count of Spiegelberg (also Elector of Hanover)
  • The Count of Diepholz (also Elector of Hanover)
  • The Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
  • The Count of Tecklenburg (also King of Prussia)
  • The Duke of Arenberg
  • The Prince of Wied-Runkel
  • The Prince of Wied-Neuwied
  • The Count of Schaumburg (shared between the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and the Count of Lippe-Bückeburg)
  • The Counts of Lippe
  • The Counts of Bentheim
  • The Princes and Counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim
  • The Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg
  • The Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont
  • The Count of Toerring
  • The Count of Aspremont
  • The Prince of Salm-Salm (as Count of Anholt)
  • The Count of Metternich-Winnenburg
  • The Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg
  • The Counts of Plettenberg
  • The Counts of Limburg Stirum
  • The Count of Wallmoden
  • The Count of Quadt
  • The Counts of Ostein
  • The Counts of Nesselrode
  • The Counts of Salm-Reifferscheidt
  • The Counts of Platen
  • The Counts of Sinzendorf
  • The Prince of Ligne

Lippe within the German Empire Capital Detmold Government Principality History  - Established 1123  - Raised to County 1528  - Raised to Principality 1789  - German Revolution 1918 Lippe was a historical state in Germany. ... Arms of the Counts of Limburg Stirum The house of Limburg Stirum, which adopted its name in the 12th century from the castle of Limburg an der Lenne in what is now Germany, descents from the Ezzonen dynasty in the 9th century, and its members were successively Counts of Berg...

See also


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