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Encyclopedia > List of Presidents of the Philippines

This a complete list of Presidents of the Philippines that consists of the 14 heads of state in the history of the Philippines. The list includes Presidents who were inaugurated by as President of the Philippines following the ratification of a constitution that explicitly declares the existence of the Philippines. The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... A head of state or chief of state is the chief public representative of a nation-state, federation or commonwealth, whose role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the countrys...


For leaders of the Philippines prior to the ratification of the 1899 constitution, see Royal Governor of the Philippines and Datu. For leaders prior to the ratification of the 1935 constitution, see Governor-General of the Philippines. The Royal Governor of the Philippines ruled over the Spanish colonial district of the modern-day Philippines. ... Datu is the title for ancient tribal chieftains in the pre-hispanic Philippines. ... Governor-General of the Philippines - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Note that the Presidents under the Commonwealth of the Philippines were under American administration, and that of the Second Republic is considered to be a puppet government of the Japanese during World War II. The Commonwealth of the Philippines was the political designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth of the United States. ... A puppet state is a state whose government, though notionally of the same culture as the governed people - owes its existence (or other major debt) to being installed, supported or controlled by a more powerful entity, typically a foreign power. ... This article is becoming very long. ...

The First Republic and the Second Republic were not a part of the Constitutional succession (began in 1935), and as such not counted on the order of terms. The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since 1907. ... The Liberal Party is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... The Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement) is a political party in the Philippines. ... United Nationalists Democratic Organizations (UNIDO) is the main umbrella of the political opposition during the turbulent last years of Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos in the mid-1980s. ... The Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats, also more popularly known as simply Lakas or Lakas-CMD is the current ruling political party in the Philippines. ... Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (Struggle of the Patriotic Filipino Masses) was the umbrella political coalition party of the opposition during the 1998 Philippine Presidential Elections that lead to the presidency of then Vice President Joseph Estrada. ...


The colors indicate the political party or coalition of each President at Election Day.

Contents


List of Presidents

# President Took office Left office Party Vice President Term Era
1 Emilio Aguinaldo January 23, 1899 April 1, 1901[1] none
(Magdalo faction of the Katipunan)
none
(The 1899 Constitution did not provide a Vice President)
- First Dictatorship
First Republic
2 Manuel L. Quezon November 15, 1935 August 1, 1944[2] Nacionalista Sergio Osmeña 1 Commonwealth
2
3 José P. Laurel October 14, 1943 August 14, 1945[3] Kalibapi[4]
(Caretaker government under Japanese occupation)
none
(The 1943 Constitution did not provide a Vice President.)
- Second Republic
4 Sergio Osmeña August 1, 1944 May 28, 1946 Nacionalista vacant 2 Commonwealth
(Restored)
5 Manuel Roxas May 28, 1946 April 15, 1948[5] Liberal Elpidio Quirino 3
Third Republic
6 Elpidio Quirino April 17, 1948 December 30, 1953 Liberal vacant
Fernando Lopez 4
7 Ramon Magsaysay December 30, 1953 March 17, 1957[6] Nacionalista Carlos P. Garcia 5
8 Carlos P. Garcia March 18, 1957 December 30, 1961 Nacionalista vacant
Diosdado Macapagal 6
9 Diosdado Macapagal December 30, 1961 December 30, 1965 Liberal Emmanuel Pelaez 7
10 Ferdinand Marcos December 30, 1965 February 25, 1986[7] Nacionalista Fernando Lopez 8
9
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan vacant 10 Second Dictatorship
"The New Society"
11 Fourth Republic
Arturo Tolentino 12
11 Corazon Aquino February 25, 1986[8] June 30, 1992 United Nationalists Democratic Organizations Salvador Laurel
Fifth Republic
12 Fidel V. Ramos June 30, 1992 June 30, 1998 Lakas-National Union of Christian Democrats-United Muslim Democrats of the Philippines Joseph Estrada 13
13 Joseph Estrada June 30, 1998 January 20, 2001[9] Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino
(Partido ng Masang Pilipino-led coalition)
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo 14
14 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo January 20, 2001 Present Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats vacant
Teofisto Guingona
Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan
(Lakas-CMD-led coalition)
Noli de Castro 15

Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869—February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Emilio Aguinaldo. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Katipunan was a secret society founded in the Philippines by Andrés Bonifacio aimed towards liberating the country from the Spanish colonizers. ... The Philippine Declaration of Independence occurred on June 12, 1898 in the Philippines where Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo (later to become the Philippines first Republican President) proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain after the latter was defeated at... Combatants United States Philippines Commanders Elwell Stephen Otis Emilio Aguinaldo Strength 126,000 soldiers 80,000 soldiers Casualties 4,324 U.S. soldiers dead 2,840 wounded; 2,000 killed, dead, or wounded of the Philippine Constabulary 16,000 soldiers killed est. ... Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944) was the first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Manuel L. Quezon. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since 1907. ... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878—October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... The first Presidential election of the Commonwealth of the Philippines was held on September 16, 1935 in the Philippines. ... The Commonwealth of the Philippines was the political designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth of the United States. ... Presidential and legislative elections were held on November 11, 1941 in the Philippines. ... José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Jose P. Laurel. ... October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in Leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... In September of 1940, Germany, Italy, and Japan had allied under the Tripartite Pact. ... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878—October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Image File history File links Official portrait of Philippine president Sergio Osmeña. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since 1907. ... The Commonwealth of the Philippines was the political designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth of the United States. ... Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. ... Image File history File links Ph_pres_roxas. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... The Liberal Party is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... Elpidio Quirino Elpidio Quirino (November 16, 1890—February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... Presidential and legislative elections were held on April 23, 1946 in the Philippines. ... This article covers the history of the Philippines from the granting of independence in 1946 to the end of the presidency of Diosdado Macapagal. ... Elpidio Quirino Elpidio Quirino (November 16, 1890—February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Elpidio Quirino. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... The Liberal Party is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... Fernando Lopez (April 13, 1904—May 26, 1993) was a Filipino statesman and a Nacionalista. ... Presidential, legislative and local elections were held on November 8, 1949 in the Philippines. ... Ramón Magsaysay (August 31, 1907 - March 17, 1957) was the third President of the Third Republic of the Philippines from December 30, 1953 until his death. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Ramon Magsaysay. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... March 17 is the 76th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (77th in Leap years). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since 1907. ... Carlos Polestico Garcia (November 4, 1896–June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... Presidential, legislative and local elections were held on November 10, 1953 in the Philippines. ... Carlos Polestico Garcia (November 4, 1896–June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... Official portrait of Philippine president Carlos P. Garcia. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since 1907. ... For the airport, see Diosdado Macapagal International Airport Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (September 28, 1910 – April 21, 1997) was a Filipino politician who served as the 9th President of the Philippines. ... Presidential, legislative and local elections were held on November 12, 1957 in the Philippines. ... For the airport, see Diosdado Macapagal International Airport Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (September 28, 1910 – April 21, 1997) was a Filipino politician who served as the 9th President of the Philippines. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Diosdado Macapagal. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... The Liberal Party is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... Emmanuel Pelaez (1915-2003) was a Vice-President in the Philippines. ... Presidential, legislative and local elections were held on November 14, 1961 in the Philippines. ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth president of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since 1907. ... Fernando Lopez (April 13, 1904—May 26, 1993) was a Filipino statesman and a Nacionalista. ... Presidential, legislative and local elections were held on November 19, 1965 in the Philippines. ... Presidential, legislative and local elections were held on November 11, 1969 in the Philippines. ... The Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement) is a political party in the Philippines. ... Philippine parliamentary election held April 7 for the election of the Interim Batasang Pambansa (English: National Assembly). ... This article covers the history of the Philippines during the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos. ... Presidential elections and parliamentary elections were held on June 16, 1981 in the Philippines. ... This article covers the history of the Philippines during the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos. ... Arturo M. Tolentino Arturo M. Tolentino (September 19, 1910 – August 2, 2004) was a prominent political figure in the Philippines. ... Presidential and vice-presidential snap elections were held on February 7, 1986 in the Philippines. ... María Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino (born January 25, 1933), widely known as Cory Aquino, was President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. ... Image File history File links Official portrait of Philippine president Corazon Aquino. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... United Nationalists Democratic Organizations (UNIDO) is the main umbrella of the political opposition during the turbulent last years of Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos in the mid-1980s. ... Salvador Doy Laurel Salvador H. Laurel (November 18, 1928–January 27, 2004), also known as Doy Laurel, was vice-president of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992 under Corazon Aquino. ... This article covers the history of the Philippines from the presidency of Corazon Aquino until the present. ... Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Fidel V. Ramos. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats, also more popularly known as simply Lakas or Lakas-CMD is the current ruling political party in the Philippines. ... José Marcelo Ejército a. ... Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. ... José Marcelo Ejército a. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Joseph Estrada. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (Struggle of the Patriotic Filipino Masses) was the umbrella political coalition party of the opposition during the 1998 Philippine Presidential Elections that lead to the presidency of then Vice President Joseph Estrada. ... The Partido ng Masang Pilipino (Party of the Filipino Masses) is a populist political party in the Philippines. ... Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ... Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1998. ... Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats, also more popularly known as simply Lakas or Lakas-CMD is the current ruling political party in the Philippines. ... Teofisto Guingona, Jr. ... The Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4, Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow), the coalition that supported president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who whon the 2004 presidential elections. ... Manuel Noli de Castro, Jr. ... Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 10, 2004. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Term ended when Aguinaldo pledged allegiance to the United States after his capture at Palanan, Isabela.
  2. ^ Died due to tuberculosis at Saranac Lake, New York.
  3. ^ Term ended with his dissolving the Philippine Republic in the wake of the surrender of Japanese forces to the Americans at World War II.
  4. ^ Originally a Nacionalista, but was elected by the National Assembly under Japanese control. All parties were merged under Japanese auspices to form Kalibapi, to which all officials belonged.
  5. ^ Died due to a heart attack at Clark Air Base.
  6. ^ Died on a plane crash at Mount Manunggal, Cebu
  7. ^ Deposed on the 1986 EDSA Revolution.
  8. ^ Assumed presidency by claiming victory in the disputed 1986 snap election.
  9. ^ Deposed after the Supreme Court declared Estrada as resigned, and the office of the presidency as vacant as a result, after the 2001 EDSA Revolution.

Palanan is a remote municipality in the province of Isabela in the Philippines. ... It has been suggested that Antituberculant be merged into this article or section. ... Saranac Lake is a village located in the state of New York. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Clark Air Base is a former U.S. Air Force base on Luzon Island in the Philippines, now known as the Clark Special Economic Zone. ... Capt. ... Cebu is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. ... The EDSA Revolution, also referred to as the People Power Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986, was a mostly nonviolent mass demonstration in the Philippines. ... Presidential and vice-presidential snap elections were held on February 7, 1986 in the Philippines. ... The Supreme Court of the Philippines is the countrys highest judicial court, as well as the court of last resort. ... EDSA II (pronounced as Edsa dos), also called by the local media as the Second People Power Revolution, is the common name of the four-day popular revolution that peacefully overthrew Philippine president Joseph Estrada in January 2001. ...

Statistics

  • Longest serving President: Ferdinand Marcos (5,259 days)
  • Shortest serving President: Jose P. Laurel (479 days)

Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878—October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Elpidio Quirino Elpidio Quirino (November 16, 1890—February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... Carlos Polestico Garcia (November 4, 1896–June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ... Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944) was the first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth president of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ... Elpidio Quirino Elpidio Quirino (November 16, 1890—February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... Carlos Polestico Garcia (November 4, 1896–June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ...

References

  • Office of the (Philippine) President
  • The Philippine Presidency Project

See also


Seal of the Vice President of the Philippines The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. ... This is a complete list of Vice Presidents of the Philippines. ... The Prime Minister of the Philippines was the official position of the head of the government of the Philippines. ... The Seal of the President of the Philippines is a symbol used to represent and authenticate documents coming from the president of the Philippines. ... Image File history File links LinkFA-star. ...

Presidents of the Philippines - List
Seal of the President of the Philippines
  Aguinaldo | Quezon | Osmeña | Laurel | Roxas | Quirino | Magsaysay  
  Garcia | Macapagal | Marcos | Aquino | Ramos | Estrada | Arroyo   

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