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Encyclopedia > List of Polish monarchs
Stańczyk, symbol of Polish history
History of Poland
Chronology

Until 966
966–1385
1385–1569
1569–1795
1795–1918
1918–1939
1939–1945
1945–1989
1989–present Jan Matejko (1838-1893) The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... In the period following its emergence in the 10th century, the Polish nation was led by a series of strong rulers who converted the Poles to Christianity, created a strong Central European state and integrated Poland into European culture. ... Timeline of Polish History Dates and most important events in Polish history from prehistoric times up to the present day. ... (Redirected from Prehistory of Poland (until 966)) Here goes the article: See also Early East Slavs Categories: To do | To do, priority undefined ... In the first centuries of its existence, the Polish nation was led by a series of strong rulers who converted the Poles to Christendom, created a strong Central European state, and integrated Poland into European culture. ... The Jagiellon Era 1385-1569, was dominated by the union of Poland with Lithuania under the Jagiellon Dynasty, founded by the Lithuanian grand duke Jagiello. ... Main article: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth The Nihil novi act adopted by the Polish Diet in 1505 transferred all legislative power from the king to the Diet. ... Although the majority of the szlachta was reconciled to the end of the Commonwealth in 1795, the possibility of Polish independence was kept alive by events within and without Poland throughout the nineteenth century. ... The History of interwar Poland starts with the recreation of independent Poland in 1918, and ends with the conquest of Poland by Nazi Germany, starting the Second World War. ... The history of Poland from 1939 through 1945 encompasses the German invasion of Poland through to the end of World War II. On September 1, 1939, without formal declaration of war, Germany invaded Poland. ... The history of Poland from 1945 to 1989 spans the period of Soviet Communist dominance over the Peoples Republic of Poland in the decades following World War II. These years, while featuring many improvements in the standards of living in Poland, were marred by political instability, social unrest, and... In the 1970s and 1980s the whole system in Poland was deeper and deeper in the crisis and was beginning to crumble as was the whole Eastern bloc with the USSR as the fading superpower. ...

Topics

Culture
Demographics (Jews)
Economics
Politics (Monarchs and Presidents)
Military (Wars)
Territorial changes (WWII) The Culture of Poland is closely connected with its intricate 1000 years of history. ... Before World War II the now Polish lands were noted for the richness and variety of their ethnic communities. ... Poland has steadfastly pursued a policy of economic liberalization throughout the 1990s with mixed results. ... Politics of Poland takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... Following are the successive heads of state of Poland. ... It has been suggested that List of Polish uprisings be merged into this article or section. ... Territorial changes of Poland after World War II have been very extensive. ...

Bolesław I Chrobry.
Bolesław I Chrobry.
Bolesław III Krzywousty.
Bolesław III Krzywousty.
Queen Jadwiga of Poland, who, like Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt earlier and Christina of Sweden later, was crowned "king."
Queen Jadwiga of Poland, who, like Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt earlier and Christina of Sweden later, was crowned "king."
Henryk Walezy.
Henryk Walezy.
Stanisław I Leszczyński.
Stanisław August Poniatowski.

Until 1795 Poland, or at least its nucleus, was ruled at various times either by książęta (dukes, ca. 9601025, 10321076, 10791295, 12961300 and 13061320) or by kings (10251031, 10761079, 12951296, 13001306 and 13201795). The best-known dynasties are the Piast (ca. 960 – 1370) and Jagiellon (13861572) dynasties. Intervening and subsequent monarchs were often also rulers of neighboring lands, or princes recruited from foreign dynasties. Polish independence ended with the Third Partition (1795) and was restored in 1918 on a republican basis. Image File history File linksMetadata MieszkoDagome. ... Image File history File linksMetadata MieszkoDagome. ... Reign ca. ... Image File history File links Chrobry1. ... Image File history File links Chrobry1. ... Reign From 992 until 1025 Coronation On April 18, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms OrzeÅ‚ Piastowski Parents Mieszko I Dubrawka Consorts Rikdaga Judith Enmilda Oda Children with Judith Bezprym with Enmilda Regelina Mieszko II Lambert Otton with Oda Matylda Date of Birth 966/967... Image File history File links Krzywousty1. ... Image File history File links Krzywousty1. ... BolesÅ‚aw III Wrymouth. ... Image File history File links CasimirtheGreat. ... Image File history File links CasimirtheGreat. ... Casimir the Great Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz Wielki), (1310-1370), King of Poland, son of king WÅ‚adyslaw I Łokietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), 1305-1333 and Jadwiga of Gniezno and Great Poland. ... Image File history File links Matejko_Jadwiga. ... Image File history File links Matejko_Jadwiga. ... This article is about the 14th-century queen and saint. ... Maatkare[1] Truth is the Ka of Re Nomen Khnumt-Amun Hatshepsut[1] Joined with Amun, Foremost of Noble Ladies Horus name Wesretkau [1] Mighty of Kas Nebty name Wadjrenput[1] Flourishing of years Golden Horus Netjeretkhau [1] Divine of appearance Consort(s) Thutmose II Issues Neferure Father Thutmose I... Christina (Kristina) (December 8, 1626 – April 19, 1689), later known as Maria Christina Alexandra and sometimes Count Dohna, was Queen regnant of Sweden from 1632 to 1654. ... Look up king in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (630x1260, 40 KB) Summary copyright expired 400 years ago Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Stefan Batory ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (630x1260, 40 KB) Summary copyright expired 400 years ago Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Stefan Batory ... Stefan Bat(h)ory, King of Poland, Prince of Transylvania, Grand Duke of Lithuania (27 September 1533–12 December 1586) was Prince of Transylvania (1571-1586), then King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1575-1586). ... Image File history File links Sigismund_III_of_Poland. ... Image File history File links Sigismund_III_of_Poland. ... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland... Image File history File links LadislasIV.jpg Summary copyright has expired-author is dead 300 years ago Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw IV Vasa ... Image File history File links LadislasIV.jpg Summary copyright has expired-author is dead 300 years ago Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw IV Vasa ... Reign in Poland From November 8, 1632 until May 20, 1648 Reign in Russia From 1610 until 16351 Coronation On February 6, 1633 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Anna Austriaczka Consorts Cecylia Renata Ludwika Maria Gonzaga Children with Cecylia Renata Zygmunt... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (594x800, 71 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Jan III Sobieski ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (594x800, 71 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Jan III Sobieski ... Jan III Sobieski (1629-1696) (also known in English literature as John Sobieski) was one of the most notable monarchs of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1674 until his death. ... Image File history File links Louis_de_Silvestre-August_II.jpg Summary Augustus II of Poland by Louis de Silvestre http://webart. ... Image File history File links Louis_de_Silvestre-August_II.jpg Summary Augustus II of Poland by Louis de Silvestre http://webart. ... Reign From 1697, until 1706 and from 1709, until February 1, 1733 Elected In 1697 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents John George III Wettin Anne Sophie Consorts  ? Children August III Sas Maurice... Image File history File links SLeszczyÅ„ski. ... Image File history File links SLeszczyÅ„ski. ... Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata August_III.jpg August III File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata August_III.jpg August III File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Reign 1734 – 5 October 1763 Elected 1734 at Wola, Warsaw, Poland Coronation 17 January 1734 Wawel Cathedral, Cracow Royal House Wettin Parents August II the Strong, Christiane v. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (760x1166, 36 KB)author is dead since 300 years copyright expired The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (760x1166, 36 KB)author is dead since 300 years copyright expired The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of... For other persons named StanisÅ‚aw Poniatowski, see StanisÅ‚aw Poniatowski. ... Events Edgar the Peaceable crowned King of England. ... Events April 18 - Boleslaw I Chrobry is crowned as the first king of Poland. ... Events February 2 - Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, becomes King of Burgundy. ... Events February 14 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. ... Events Persian astronomer, Omar Khayyám, computed the length of the year as 365. ... Events Mongol leader Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam, ending a line of Tantric Buddhist leaders. ... Events March 30 - Edward I stormed Berwick-upon-Tweed, sacking the then Scottish border town with much bloodshed. ... Events February 22 - Jubilee of Pope Boniface VIII. March 10 - Wardrobe accounts of King Edward I of Englanddo (aka Edward Longshanks) include a reference to a game called creag being played at the town of Newenden in Kent. ... Events March 25 - Robert the Bruce becomes King of Scotland June 19 - Forces of Earl of Pembroke defeat Bruces Scottish rebels at the Battle of Methven Philip IV of France exiles all the Jews from France and confiscates their property In London, a city ordinance degrees that heating with... Events January 20 - Dante - Quaestio de Aqua et Terra January 20 - Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland April 6 - The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath. ... Events April 18 - Boleslaw I Chrobry is crowned as the first king of Poland. ... Events Collapse of the Moorish Caliphate of Córdoba. ... Events February 14 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. ... Events Persian astronomer, Omar Khayyám, computed the length of the year as 365. ... Events Mongol leader Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam, ending a line of Tantric Buddhist leaders. ... Events March 30 - Edward I stormed Berwick-upon-Tweed, sacking the then Scottish border town with much bloodshed. ... Events February 22 - Jubilee of Pope Boniface VIII. March 10 - Wardrobe accounts of King Edward I of Englanddo (aka Edward Longshanks) include a reference to a game called creag being played at the town of Newenden in Kent. ... Events March 25 - Robert the Bruce becomes King of Scotland June 19 - Forces of Earl of Pembroke defeat Bruces Scottish rebels at the Battle of Methven Philip IV of France exiles all the Jews from France and confiscates their property In London, a city ordinance degrees that heating with... Events January 20 - Dante - Quaestio de Aqua et Terra January 20 - Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland April 6 - The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about a Polish dynasty. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty originating in Lithuania, which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. ... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Habsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... The Partitions of Poland (Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Poland (or more correctly the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... For other uses, see Republic (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Kingdom of Poland of the Piasts

Reign in Polish In English Title Notes

Early Piasts

Piast Dynasty

9th cent. Siemowit Siemowit Prince (Duke) (disputable)
9th-10th cent. Lestko Lestko Prince (Duke) (disputable)
10th cent. Siemomysł Siemomysl Prince (Duke) (disputable)
960?-992 Mieszko I Mieszko I Prince (Duke) The first christian monarch of Poland
992-1025 Bolesław I the Brave Boleslas I King in 1025
1025-1031 Mieszko II Lambert Mieszko II King (1st reign)
1031-1032 Bezprym Bezprym
1032-1034 Mieszko II Lambert Mieszko II Prince (Duke) 2nd reign
1039-1058 Kazimierz I the Restorer Casimir I Prince
1058-1079 Bolesław II the Bold Boleslas II King 1076-1079 deposed
1079-1102 Władysław I Herman Ladislas I
1102-1107 Zbigniew of Poland Zbigniew
1102-1138 Bolesław III Wrymouth Boleslas III

Fragmentation

Piast Dynasty

1138-1146 Władysław II the Exile Ladislas II overlord exiled by his brothers
1146-1173 Bolesław IV the Curly Boleslas IV overlord
1173-1177 Mieszko III the Old Mieszko III overlord
1177-1194 Kazimierz II the Just Casimir II Duke of Kraków
1194-1202 Leszek I the White Leszek I Duke of Kraków 1st reign
1202-1206 Władysław III Spindleshanks Ladislas III 1st reign
1206-1210 Leszek I the White Leszek II Duke of Kraków 2nd reign
1210-1211 Mieszko IV Tanglefoot Mieszko IV
1211-1227 Leszek I the White Leszek I 3rd reign; assassinated
1227-1229 Władysław III Spindleshanks Ladislas III 2nd reign
1229-1232 Konrad I of Masovia Conrad 1st reign
1232-1238 Henryk I the Bearded Henry I Duke of Kraków
1238-1241 Henryk II the Pious Henry II Duke of Kraków killed at the Battle of Legnica
1241-1243 Konrad I of Masovia Conrad Duke of Kraków 2nd reign
1243-1279 Bolesław V the Chaste Boleslas V Duke of Kraków
1279-1288 Leszek II the Black Leszek II
1288-1290 Henryk IV Probus Henry IV Duke of Kraków
1290-1296 Przemysł II Premyslas II Duke of Kraków 1290-1291
King 1295-1296
assassinated

Přemyslid Dynasty

1291-1305 Václav II Venceslas II King 1300-1305
1305-1306 Václav III Venceslas III King assassinated before he could be crowned

Late Piasts

Piast Dynasty

1306-1333 Władysław I the Elbow-high Ladislas (IV) Duke of Kraków 1305-1320
King 1320-1333
1333-1370 Kazimierz III the Great Casimir III

In the first centuries of its existence, the Polish nation was led by a series of strong rulers who converted the Poles to Christendom, created a strong Central European state, and integrated Poland into European culture. ... Kingdom of the first Piasts (Regnum Poloniae) was the state formed by the Boleslaus I of Poland in 1025 during his coronation. ... This article is about a Polish dynasty. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... Siemowit (also Ziemowit) was, according to the chronicles of Gallus Anonymus, the son of Piast and Rzepicha. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... Lestko (also Lestek, Leszek) is the second legendary duke of Poland, and son of Siemowit, born probably 930/940 Though proof of his actual existence is unclear, he had to have been a major figure in his time, due to the fact that before Poland existed as a state, the... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... SiemomysÅ‚ is the third legendary Polish duke, and said to be the father of Polands first historical ruler, Mieszko I. SiemomysÅ‚ is credited with leaving the lands known as Greater Poland to his son, who further expanded them during his reign. ... Events Edgar the Peaceable crowned King of England. ... Boleslaus I becomes Duke of Poland Battle of Conquereuil - Fulk Nerra defeats Conan I of Rennes, who is killed in the battle. ... Reign ca. ... Boleslaus I becomes Duke of Poland Battle of Conquereuil - Fulk Nerra defeats Conan I of Rennes, who is killed in the battle. ... Events April 18 - Boleslaw I Chrobry is crowned as the first king of Poland. ... Reign 992 — 1025. ... Events April 18 - Boleslaw I Chrobry is crowned as the first king of Poland. ... Events April 18 - Boleslaw I Chrobry is crowned as the first king of Poland. ... Events Collapse of the Moorish Caliphate of Córdoba. ... Reign From 1025 until 1031 Coronation On December 25, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Bolesław I Chrobry Emnilda Consorts Ryksa Children with Ryksa Boleslaw Zapomiany Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Gertruda Date of Birth 990 Place of Birth  ? Date of... Events Collapse of the Moorish Caliphate of Córdoba. ... Events February 2 - Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, becomes King of Burgundy. ... Bezprym (986-1032), the first-born son of king of Poland BolesÅ‚aw I Chrobry and his second wife, who came from Hungary (unknown name); he was deprived of throne of Poland due to giving it to his brother Mieszko II. In 1031, in alliance with Conrad II, Holy Roman... Events February 2 - Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, becomes King of Burgundy. ... Events April 11 - Empress Zoe of Byzantium marries her chamberlain and elevates him to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael IV. Franche-Comté becomes subject to the Holy Roman Empire. ... Reign From 1025 until 1031 Coronation On December 25, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Bolesław I Chrobry Emnilda Consorts Ryksa Children with Ryksa Boleslaw Zapomiany Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Gertruda Date of Birth 990 Place of Birth  ? Date of... Events June 4 - Henry III becomes King of Germany. ... Events March 17 - King Lulach I of Scotland is killed in battle against his cousin and rival Malcolm Canmore, who later becomes King of Scotland as Malcolm III of Scotland. ... Casimir I on Jan Matejkos painting Casimir I, the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel) (1015-1058), duke of Poland, was the son of Mieszko II of Poland and Rixa von Lothringen. ... Events March 17 - King Lulach I of Scotland is killed in battle against his cousin and rival Malcolm Canmore, who later becomes King of Scotland as Malcolm III of Scotland. ... Events Persian astronomer, Omar Khayyám, computed the length of the year as 365. ... BolesÅ‚aw II the Bold. ... Events February 14 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. ... Events Persian astronomer, Omar Khayyám, computed the length of the year as 365. ... Events Persian astronomer, Omar Khayyám, computed the length of the year as 365. ... Events Valencia is captured by the Almoravids. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I Herman. ... Events Valencia is captured by the Almoravids. ... Events William Warelwast becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Zbigniew of Poland (born after 1070, died 1112). ... Events Valencia is captured by the Almoravids. ... Events Robert Warelwast becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... BolesÅ‚aw III Wrymouth. ... After the death of BolesÅ‚aw the Wrymouth, the monarchical power in Poland declined. ... This article is about a Polish dynasty. ... Events Robert Warelwast becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Events Saint Bernard of Clairvaux preaches the Second Crusade at Vezelay, Burgundy First written mention of Bryansk. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II the Exile. ... Events Saint Bernard of Clairvaux preaches the Second Crusade at Vezelay, Burgundy First written mention of Bryansk. ... Events Canonization of Saint Thomas à Becket, buried at Canterbury August 9th - Construction starts on the Leaning tower of Pisa Castle at Abergavenny was seized by the Welsh. ... BolesÅ‚aw IV the Curly. ... Events Canonization of Saint Thomas à Becket, buried at Canterbury August 9th - Construction starts on the Leaning tower of Pisa Castle at Abergavenny was seized by the Welsh. ... Events November 25 - Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard. ... Categories: Poland-related stubs | Polish monarchs | Dukes of Greater Poland | Dukes of Poznan | Dukes of Gniezno | Dukes of Kalisz ... Events November 25 - Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard. ... Events November 20 - Palermo falls to Henry VI, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire December 25 - Henry VI is crowned king of Sicily. ... Casimir II the Just on a painting by Jan Matejko Casimir II the Just (1138 - 5 May 1194; Polish: Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy) of the Piast dynasty was the youngest son of Boleslaus III of Poland. ... Events November 20 - Palermo falls to Henry VI, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire December 25 - Henry VI is crowned king of Sicily. ... // Events August 1 - Arthur of Brittany captured in Mirebeau, north of Poitiers Beginning of the Fourth Crusade. ... Leszek I the White. ... // Events August 1 - Arthur of Brittany captured in Mirebeau, north of Poitiers Beginning of the Fourth Crusade. ... Events Temujin is proclaimed Genghis Khan of the Mongol people, founding the Mongol Empire Qutb ud-Din proclaims the Mameluk dynasty in India, the first dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Spindleshanks. ... Events Temujin is proclaimed Genghis Khan of the Mongol people, founding the Mongol Empire Qutb ud-Din proclaims the Mameluk dynasty in India, the first dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Tsuchimikado, emperor of Japan Emperor Juntoku ascends to the throne of Japan Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor excommunicated by Pope Innocent III for invading southern Italy in 1210 Gottfried von Strassburg writes his epic poem Tristan about 1210 Beginning of Delhi Sultanate Births... Leszek I the White. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Tsuchimikado, emperor of Japan Emperor Juntoku ascends to the throne of Japan Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor excommunicated by Pope Innocent III for invading southern Italy in 1210 Gottfried von Strassburg writes his epic poem Tristan about 1210 Beginning of Delhi Sultanate Births... // Events The oldest extant double entry bookkeeping record dates from 1211 Canons regular of the Order of the Holy Cross founded September 14 1211 Troops led by Estonian resistance fighter Lembitu of Lehola destroy a garrison of missionaries in the historical Estonian region of Sakala and raid the Russian town... Mieszko IV Tanglefoot (Polish: Mieszko IV PlÄ…tonogi; Mieszko IV of Racibórz; ca. ... // Events The oldest extant double entry bookkeeping record dates from 1211 Canons regular of the Order of the Holy Cross founded September 14 1211 Troops led by Estonian resistance fighter Lembitu of Lehola destroy a garrison of missionaries in the historical Estonian region of Sakala and raid the Russian town... January 11 first mention of city of Požega in a charter of Andrew II of Hungary March 19 - Pope Gregory IX succeeds Pope Honorius III as the 178th pope. ... Leszek I the White. ... January 11 first mention of city of Požega in a charter of Andrew II of Hungary March 19 - Pope Gregory IX succeeds Pope Honorius III as the 178th pope. ... Events February 18 - The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Spindleshanks. ... Events February 18 - The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy. ... // Events Canonization of Saint Anthony of Padua, patron of lost items Pope Gregory IX driven from Rome by a revolt, taking refuge at Anagni First edition of Tripitaka Koreana destroyed by Mongol invaders Battle of Agridi 15 June 1232 Births Arnolfo di Cambio, Florentine architect (died 1310) Manfred of Sicily... Konrad I of Masovia. ... // Events Canonization of Saint Anthony of Padua, patron of lost items Pope Gregory IX driven from Rome by a revolt, taking refuge at Anagni First edition of Tripitaka Koreana destroyed by Mongol invaders Battle of Agridi 15 June 1232 Births Arnolfo di Cambio, Florentine architect (died 1310) Manfred of Sicily... Events In the Iberian peninsula, James I of Aragon captures the city of Valencia September 28 from the Moors; the Moors retreat to Granada. ... Henryk I the Bearded. ... Events In the Iberian peninsula, James I of Aragon captures the city of Valencia September 28 from the Moors; the Moors retreat to Granada. ... Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal Polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ... Henryk II Pobożny Henry II the Pious, (Polish: Henryk II Pobożny, b. ... Combatants Mongol Empire Diversionary force Alliance Polish states Knights Templars Knights Hospitaller Teutonic Knights (disputed) Commanders Baidar and Kadan Henry II the Pious† Strength Estimated between 8,000-20,000 (max of two tumen)[1] Unknown, estimates have ranged from 2,000-40,000[1] Casualties Unknown, but supposedly heavier... Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal Polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ... // Events Innocent IV was elected pope. ... Konrad I of Masovia. ... // Events Innocent IV was elected pope. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy Boleslaus the Chaste or the Shy (Polish: BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy) (21 June 1226 O.S. – 7 December 1279 O.S.) was the son of Leszek the White. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Events February 22 - Nicholas IV becomes Pope. ... Leszek Czarny Leszek II the Black (Polish: Leszek II Czarny) ruled 1279-1288. ... Events February 22 - Nicholas IV becomes Pope. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... See also List of Polish rulers Piast_dynasty Dukes of Silesia Categories: Poland-related stubs | Polish monarchs | Dukes of Wroclaw ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Events March 30 - Edward I stormed Berwick-upon-Tweed, sacking the then Scottish border town with much bloodshed. ... PrzemysÅ‚ II PrzemysÅ‚ II (October 14, 1257 – February 8, 1296), was Duke of PoznaÅ„, Greater Poland, Kraków and Pomerania, and King of Poland from 1295 until his death. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Events Mongol leader Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam, ending a line of Tantric Buddhist leaders. ... Events March 30 - Edward I stormed Berwick-upon-Tweed, sacking the then Scottish border town with much bloodshed. ... PÅ™emyslid coat of arms. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Events August 5 - English troops capture William Wallace Wenceslas III becomes king of Bohemia Archbishop of Bordeaux, Bertrand de Got, was elected as Pope Clement V. Philip IV of France accused the Knights Templar of heresy. ... Wenceslaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Wenceslaus II Premyslid (Czech: , Polish: WacÅ‚aw II Czeski) (September 17, 1271 – June 21, 1305) King of Bohemia (1278 - 1305), Duke of Krakow (1291 - 1305), King of Poland (1300 - 1305). ... Events February 22 - Jubilee of Pope Boniface VIII. March 10 - Wardrobe accounts of King Edward I of Englanddo (aka Edward Longshanks) include a reference to a game called creag being played at the town of Newenden in Kent. ... Events August 5 - English troops capture William Wallace Wenceslas III becomes king of Bohemia Archbishop of Bordeaux, Bertrand de Got, was elected as Pope Clement V. Philip IV of France accused the Knights Templar of heresy. ... Events August 5 - English troops capture William Wallace Wenceslas III becomes king of Bohemia Archbishop of Bordeaux, Bertrand de Got, was elected as Pope Clement V. Philip IV of France accused the Knights Templar of heresy. ... Events March 25 - Robert the Bruce becomes King of Scotland June 19 - Forces of Earl of Pembroke defeat Bruces Scottish rebels at the Battle of Methven Philip IV of France exiles all the Jews from France and confiscates their property In London, a city ordinance degrees that heating with... Wenceslaus III Wenceslaus III Premyslid (Czech and Slovak Václav, Hungarian Vencel, Polish WacÅ‚aw), (October 6, 1289 – August 4, 1306) was the King of Hungary (1301 - 1305) and King of Bohemia (1305 - 1306). ... After two centuries of fragmentation, the period of feudal dissolution ended when WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw the Elbow-high united the various principalities of the Kingdom of Poland. ... This article is about a Polish dynasty. ... Events March 25 - Robert the Bruce becomes King of Scotland June 19 - Forces of Earl of Pembroke defeat Bruces Scottish rebels at the Battle of Methven Philip IV of France exiles all the Jews from France and confiscates their property In London, a city ordinance degrees that heating with... Events End of the Kamakura period and beginning of the Kemmu restoration in Japan. ... Wladislaus I on Jan Matejkos painting Wladislaus I the Short or Elbow-high (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I Łokietek) (1261–1333), was a King of Poland. ... Events August 5 - English troops capture William Wallace Wenceslas III becomes king of Bohemia Archbishop of Bordeaux, Bertrand de Got, was elected as Pope Clement V. Philip IV of France accused the Knights Templar of heresy. ... Events January 20 - Dante - Quaestio de Aqua et Terra January 20 - Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland April 6 - The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath. ... Events January 20 - Dante - Quaestio de Aqua et Terra January 20 - Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland April 6 - The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath. ... Events End of the Kamakura period and beginning of the Kemmu restoration in Japan. ... Events End of the Kamakura period and beginning of the Kemmu restoration in Japan. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Noble Family or Dynasty Piast dynasty Coat of Arms Piast Eagle Parents WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I the Elbow-high, Jadwiga Kaliszka, of Gniezno and Greater Poland Consorts Aldona Ona, Adelheid of Hessen, Christina, Jadwiga of Glogow and Sagan Children 5 daughters Date of Birth 1310 Place of Birth Kowal Date...

Kingdom of Poland of the Jagiellons

Reign in Polish In English Title Notes

Angevin Dynasty

1370-1382 Ludwik the Hungarian Louis
1384-1399 Jadwiga Angevin Jadwiga/Hedwig crowned King of Poland; from 1386 reigned together with her husband, Władysław II Jagiełło

Jagiellon Dynasty

1386-1434 Władysław II Jagiełło Ladislaus Jagiello King of Poland
Grand Duke of Lithuania
reigned together with his wife Jadwiga until 1399
1434-1444 Władysław III of Varna Ladislas (VI) KoP, GDoL so called, because killed at the Battle of Varna
1447-1492 Kazimierz IV Jagiellon Casimir (III/IV) KoP, GDoL
1492-1501 Jan I Olbracht John I Albert KoP
1501-1506 Aleksander Jagiellon Alexander GDoL,KoP
1506-1548 Zygmunt I the Old Sigismund I KoP,GDoL
1548-1572 Zygmunt II August Sigismund II KoP,GDoL

Between 1386 and 1572, the Kingdom of Poland was ruled by the following Jagiellon kings: Wladislaus II JagieÅ‚Å‚o Wladislaus III of Varna Casimir IV the Jagiellonian John I Olbracht Alexander the Jagiellonian Sigismund I the Old Sigismund II Augustus See also History of Poland (1385-1569) Categories: Polish history... Angevin (IPA: ) is the name applied to the residents of Anjou, a former province of the Kingdom of France, as well as to the residents of Angers. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Enyu of Japan, fifth and last of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Emperor Go-Komatsu ascends to the throne of Japan John Wyclifs teachings are condemned by the Synod of London. ... Louis the Great. ... Events May / September 3 - Siege of Lisbon by the Castilian army, during the 1383-1385 Crisis Births Antoine, Duke of Brabant (died 1415) St Frances of Rome (died 1440) Khalil Sultan, ruler of Transoxiana (died 1411) Deaths January 1 - King Charles II of Navarre (b. ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births William Canynge, English merchant (approximate date; died 1474) Zara Yaqob, Emperor of Ethiopia (died 1468) Deaths January 4 - Nicolau Aymerich, Catalan theologian and... This article is about the 14th-century queen and saint. ... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Habsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty originating in Lithuania, which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. ... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Habsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Events May 30, Battle of Lipany in the Hussite Wars Jan van Eyck paints the wedding of Giovanni Arnoflini The Honorable Passing of Arms at the bridge of Obrigo The Portuguese reach Cape Bojador in Western Sahara. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o. ... Events May 30, Battle of Lipany in the Hussite Wars Jan van Eyck paints the wedding of Giovanni Arnoflini The Honorable Passing of Arms at the bridge of Obrigo The Portuguese reach Cape Bojador in Western Sahara. ... Events March 2 - Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg proclaimed commander of the Albanian resistance April 16 - Truce of Tours. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III of Varna. ... Combatants Hungary, Poland and others Ottoman Empire Commanders WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III of Poland † Janos Hunyadi Murad II Strength ~ 20,000 - 30,000 ~ 60,000 (possibly up to 100,000?) Casualties ~ 11,000 ~ 8,000 The Battle of Varna took place on November 10, 1444 near Varna in eastern Bulgaria. ... Events March 6 - Nicholas V becomes Pope. ... Not to be confused with 1492: Conquest of Paradise. ... Kazimierz IV Jagiellon ((?)Polish: , Lithuanian: ; 1427 - 1492), of the House of Jagiellons, was Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1440 and King of Poland from 1447 to his death. ... Not to be confused with 1492: Conquest of Paradise. ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Reign September 23, 1492 - June 17, 1501. ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1506 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Reign December 12, 1501 - August 19, 1506. ... 1506 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Mary I of Scotland sent to France Births September 2 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (died 1616) September 29 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (died 1626) Francesco Andreini, Italian actor (died 1624) Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, and occultist (burned at the stake) 1600 (died 1600) Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara... Events Mary I of Scotland sent to France Births September 2 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (died 1616) September 29 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (died 1626) Francesco Andreini, Italian actor (died 1624) Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, and occultist (burned at the stake) 1600 (died 1600) Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general... January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... Sigismund II Augustus (Polish: , Lithuanian: ; 1 August 1520 — 7 July 1572) was the only son of Sigismund I the Old, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, whom Sigismund II succeeded in 1548. ...

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

Reign in Polish In English Title Notes

Valois Dynasty

1573-1574 Henryk Walezy
(Henri de Valois)
Henry KoP, GDoL who, after abandoning the Polish-Lithuanian throne, became Henry III of France

Jagiellon Dynasty

1575-1586 Anna Jagiellon Anna of Jagello Queen of Poland
Grand Duchess of Lithuania
from 1576, reigned together with her husband, Stefan Batory

House of Báthory

1576-1586 Stefan Batory Stephen KoP,GDoL reigned together with his wife, Anna Jagiellon

Vasa Dynasty

1587-1632 Zygmunt III Vasa Sigismund III KoP, GDoL
1632-1648 Władysław IV Vasa Ladislas IV KoP,GDoL
1648-1668 Jan II Kazimierz Vasa John II Casimir KoP,GDoL abdicated

House of Wiśniowiecki

1669-1673 Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki Michael I KoP, GDoL

House of Sobieski

1674-1696 Jan III Sobieski John III KoP,GDoL

Wettin Dynasty

1697-1706 August II the Strong August II KoP,GDoL 1st reign; abdicated

House of Leszczyński

1704-1709 Stanisław Leszczyński Stanislas I KoP,GDoL 1st reign; emigrated

Wettin Dynasty

1709-1733 August II the Strong August II KoP,GDoL 2nd reign

House of Leszczyński

1733-1736 Stanisław Leszczyński Stanislas I KoP,GDoL 2nd reign; abdicated

Wettin Dynasty

1734-1763 August III the Saxon August III KoP,GDoL

House of Poniatowski

1764-1795 Stanisław August Poniatowski Stanislas II August KoP,GDoL abdicated

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Main articles: France in the Middle Ages and Early Modern France The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328-1589. ... Year 1573 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... ... Henry III (French: Henri III; September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), born Alexandre-Édouard, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from May 30, 1574 until his death. ... The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty originating in Lithuania, which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. ... Events February 13 - Henry III of France is crowned at Reims February 14 - Henry III of France marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont June 28 - Oda Nobunaga defeats Takeda Katsuyori in the battle of Nagashino, which has been called Japans first modern battle. ... 1586 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Anna Jagiellon. ... Events May 5 - Peace of Beaulieu or Peace of Monsieur (after Monsieur, the Duc dAnjou, brother of the King, who negotiated it). ... Stefan Bat(h)ory, King of Poland, Prince of Transylvania, Grand Duke of Lithuania (27 September 1533–12 December 1586) was Prince of Transylvania (1571-1586), then King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1575-1586). ... The Báthory (Polish Batory) were a Hungarian noble family of the Gutkeled clan. ... Events May 5 - Peace of Beaulieu or Peace of Monsieur (after Monsieur, the Duc dAnjou, brother of the King, who negotiated it). ... 1586 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Stefan Bat(h)ory, King of Poland, Prince of Transylvania, Grand Duke of Lithuania (27 September 1533–12 December 1586) was Prince of Transylvania (1571-1586), then King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1575-1586). ... Anna Jagiellon. ... The Vasa Coat of Arms The House of Vasa was the Royal House of Sweden (1523-1654) and of Poland (1587-1668). ... 1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... 1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Reign in Poland November 8, 1632 – May 20, 1648. ... 1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1668 (MDCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Constance of Austria Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna... Reign From June 19, 1669 until November 10, 1673 Elected On June 19, 1669 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 29, 1669 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coat of Arms Korybut Parents Jeremi MichaÅ‚ WiÅ›niowiecki Gryzelda Konstancja Zamoyska Consorts Elenora Maria Habsburg Children... // Events Samuel Pepys stopped writing his diary. ... 1673 (MDCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Reign From June 19, 1669 until November 10, 1673 Elected On June 19, 1669 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 29, 1669 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coat of Arms Korybut Parents Jeremi MichaÅ‚ WiÅ›niowiecki Gryzelda Konstancja Zamoyska Consorts Elenora Maria Habsburg Children... Sobieski (singular masculine, singular feminine Sobieska, plural: Sobiescy is a Polish noble family name: John III Sobieski was a Polish king Jakub Sobieski (1590-1646) was father of King Jan III Sobieski. ... Events February 19 - England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster. ... The year 1696 had the earliest equinoxes and solstices for 400 years in the Gregorian calendar, because this year is a leap year and the Gregorian calendar would have behaved like the Julian calendar since March 1500 had it have been in use that long. ... Jan III Sobieski (1629-1696) (also known in English literature as John Sobieski) was one of the most notable monarchs of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1674 until his death. ... The Wettin dynasty of German counts, dukes, Prince Electors (Kurfürsten) and kings ruled the area of todays German state of Saxony for more than 800 years as well as holding for a time the kingship of Poland. ... Events September 11 - Battle of Zenta, Prince Eugene of Savoy crushed Ottoman army of Mustafa II September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... Reign 1697 – 1706, and 1709 – 1 February 1733 Elected 1697 in Wola, now a district of Warsaw, Poland Coronation 15 September 1697, Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents John George III Wettin, Anne Sophie Consorts Christiane Eberhardine, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Children August III the Saxon, Maurice... LeszczyÅ„ski family coat of arms: Wieniawa. ... Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... The Wettin dynasty of German counts, dukes, Prince Electors (Kurfürsten) and kings ruled the area of todays German state of Saxony for more than 800 years as well as holding for a time the kingship of Poland. ... // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... Reign 1697 – 1706, and 1709 – 1 February 1733 Elected 1697 in Wola, now a district of Warsaw, Poland Coronation 15 September 1697, Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents John George III Wettin, Anne Sophie Consorts Christiane Eberhardine, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Children August III the Saxon, Maurice... LeszczyÅ„ski family coat of arms: Wieniawa. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... The Wettin dynasty of German counts, dukes, Prince Electors (Kurfürsten) and kings ruled the area of todays German state of Saxony for more than 800 years as well as holding for a time the kingship of Poland. ... Events January 8 - Premiere of George Frideric Handels opera Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Reign 1734 – October 5, 1763. ... Poniatowski family coat of arms was: CioÅ‚ek Poniatowski (plural: Poniatowski) is the surname of a Polish szlachta (nobility) family. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... For other persons named StanisÅ‚aw Poniatowski, see StanisÅ‚aw Poniatowski. ...

Partitions, 1795-1918

The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ...

Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria

Reign in Polish In English Title Notes

Habsburg Dynasty

1772-1780 Maria Teresa Maria Theresa of Austria Queen of GL
1780-1790 Józef II Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor KoGL
1790-1792 Leopold II Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor KoGL
1792-1835 Franciszek II Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor KoGL
1835-1848 Ferdynand I Ferdinand I of Austria KoGL
1848-1916 Franciszek Józef I Franz Joseph I of Austria KoGL
1916-1918 Karol I Karl I of Austria KoGL

Coat-of-arms of Galicia or Galicja Galicia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , German: , Hungarian: , Czech: , Turkish: ) is an historical region in East Central Europe, currently divided between Poland and Ukraine. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Year 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia The worlds most famous coin, a silver thaler of Maria Theresa, dated 1780 Maria Theresa (German: ; May 13, 1717–November 29, 1780) was (reigning) Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia. ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II Joseph II (Joseph Benedict August Johannes Anton Michel Adam) (March 13, 1741 – February 20, 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II. Leopold II (born Peter Leopold Joseph) (May 5, 1747 – March 1, 1792) was the penultimate Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792 and Grand Duke of Tuscany. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Francis I in Austrian coronation regalia, 1832 Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (German language: Franz II, Heiliger Römischer Kaiser) also referred to as Franz I, Emperor of Austria (February 12, 1768 – March 2, 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until August 6, 1806, when the... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Emperor Ferdinand Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 – June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Franz Joseph I. Francis Joseph I (in German Franz Josef I. (August 18, 1830 – November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916, and Apostolic King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Karl I of Austria, Károly IV. of Hungary, Karel III of Bohemia Karl I (August 17, 1887 – April 1, 1922), Karl Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen (Hungarian: Károly IV (Károly Ferenc József)), was (among other titles) the last Emperor of Austria, the...

Duchy of Warsaw

Reign in Polish In English Title Notes

Wettin Dynasty

1807-1815 Fryderyk August king Frederick Augustus I of Saxony the Duchy was abolished at the Congress of Vienna

Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 155,000 km² Population about 4. ... The Wettin dynasty of German counts, dukes, Prince Electors (Kurfürsten) and kings ruled the area of todays German state of Saxony for more than 800 years as well as holding for a time the kingship of Poland. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Frederick Augustus I of Saxony Frederick Augustus I (or III) of Saxony (December 23, 1750 - May 5, 1827). ... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ...

Congress Kingdom

Reign in Polish In English Title Notes

Romanov Dynasty

1815-1825 Aleksander I Alexander I of Russia KoP
1825-1831 Mikołaj I Nicholas I of Russia KoP deposed by Sejm during uprising
1831-1855 Mikołaj I Nicholas I of Russia KoP de facto King of Poland
1855-1881 Aleksander II Alexander II of Russia KoP de facto King of Poland
1881-1894 Aleksander III Alexander III of Russia KoP de facto King of Poland
1894-1916 Mikołaj II Nicholas II of Russia KoP de facto King of Poland, renounced

Kingdom of Poland 1815-31 The Congress Poland is an unofficial term for the Kingdom of Poland (1815-1831), a political entity that was created out of the Duchy of Warsaw at the Congress of Vienna in 1815, when European powers reorganised Europe following the Napoleonic wars. ... The House of Romanov (Рома́нов, pronounced Ro-MAH-nof), the second and last royal dynasty of Russia, which ruled Muscovy and the Russian Empire for five generations from 1613 to 1762. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Aleksandr I Pavlovich (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825 ?), was Emperor of Russia from March 23, 1801–December 1, 1825 and King of Poland from 1815–1825, as well as the first Grand Duke of Finland. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Nicholas I (Russian: Николай I Павлович, Nikolai I Pavlovich), July 6 (June 25, Old Style), 1796–March 2 (February 18, Old Style), 1855), was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Nicholas I (Russian: Николай I Павлович, Nikolai I Pavlovich), July 6 (June 25, Old Style), 1796–March 2 (February 18, Old Style), 1855), was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855. ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Alexander (Aleksandr) II Nikolaevich (Russian: Александр II Николаевич) (born April 17, 1818 in Moscow; died March 13, 1881 in St. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Alexander III (March 10, 1845 – November 1, 1894) reigned as Emperor of Russia from March 14, 1881 until his death in 1894. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Nicholas II of Russia (May 18, 1868–July 17, 1918)[1] (Russian: , Nikolay II) was the last Emperor of Russia, King of Poland,[2] and Grand Duke of Finland. ...

Grand Duchy of Poznań

Reign in Polish In English Title Notes

Hohenzollern Dynasty

1815-1840 Fryderyk Wilhelm III Frederick William III of Prussia GDoP to 1831, represented by Duke-Governor Antoni Radziwiłł
1840-1861 Fryderyk Wilhelm IV Frederick William IV of Prussia GDoP in 1849, the autonomy of the Grand Duchy was abolished but Prussian Kings and Emperors of Germany still used title of Grand Duke of Poznań
1861-1888 Wilhelm I William I of Germany GDoP
1888-1888 Fryderyk III Frederick III of Germany GDoP
1888-1918 Wilhelm II William II of Germany GDoP Abdicated on 9 November 1918

Grand Duchy of PoznaÅ„ (Polish: Wielkie KsiÄ™stwo PoznaÅ„skie, German: Großherzogtum Posen) was an autonomous province of the Kingdom of Prussia in the Polish lands commonly known as Great Poland between the years 1815-1848. ... The Hohenzollern family originated in the area around the city of Hechingen in Swabia during the 11th century. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Frederick William III (German: , August 3, 1770 – June 7, 1840) was king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Noble Family RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Coat of Arms TrÄ…by Parents MichaÅ‚ Hieronim RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Helena Przeździecka Consorts Louise von Hohenzollern Children with Louise von Hohenzollern Fryderyk Wilhelm RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Ferdynant Fryderyk RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Eliza Fryderyka RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ BogusÅ‚aw Fryderyk RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Augusta Wilhelmina RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Date of Birth June 13, 1775 Place of Birth Wilno... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... Photograph of Frederick King Frederick William IV of Prussia (October 15, 1795 - January 2, 1861), the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... Wilhelm I of Germany Wilhelm I, (March 22, 1797 - March 9, 1888), German Emperor (Kaiser), ruled January 18, 1871-1888 and king of Prussia, ruled 1861-1888. ... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... Frederick III (Frederick William Nicholas Charles) (October 18, 1831 – June 15, 1888), (German: Friedrich III., Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen) was German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling for 99 days until his death in 1888. ... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Wilhelm II of Prussia and Germany, Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern (January 27, 1859 - June 4, 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and the last King (König) of Prussia from 1888 - 1918. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...

See also

Royal coronations in Poland: This is a list of royal coronations in Poland. ... Royal Coronations at Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland: 20 January 1320 - Władysław I the Short and his wife Hedwig. ... In his will, Polish duke Boleslaus III the Wrymouth divided the counrty into the 4-5 hereditary provinces distributed among his sons, and a royal province of Cracow for the eldest to be the high-duke of all Poland. ... Seal of the Duchy of Masovia. ... Pomerania (Pommern Ger) (Pomorze Pol) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany, on the south coasts of Baltic Sea on both sides of the Oder River and reaches to the Vistula river in the east and Reknitz River in the west. ... From 1138 to 1228, part of the Duchy of Kraków and Sandomierz, belonging to the high-dukes of Poland. ... According to the statute, constitution or last will of the Polish duke Boleslaus the Wrymouth Poland was divided into the 4-5 hereditary provinces distributed among his sons, and a royal province of Cracow for the eldest to be the high-duke of all Poland. ... The following is a list of rulers of Galicia from the times of its recreation after the Partitions of Poland until the Polish-Ukrainian War. ...

External links

  • Genealogy of Polish Monarchs

  Results from FactBites:
 
Foreign Affairs - "Schindler's List" and the Polish Question - Andrew Nagorski (2342 words)
Polish Catholics often emphasized Poland's long record as a land of refuge for Jews, beginning with the great migrations of Jews fleeing persecution in other parts of Europe in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, and as a land of tolerance, where Jews were sometimes granted special privileges by Polish monarchs and nobles.
Polish Catholics stressed their own suffering at the hands of the German occupiers, arguing that, under the circumstances, they did what they could to help the Jews.
Polish Jews died as a result of a systematic mass extermination campaign, which largely succeeded; Polish Catholics were marked for enslavement, which resulted in mass fatalities as they perished in the war, concentration camps, summary executions and concerted efforts to wipe out entire villages as well as the Polish intelligentsia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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