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Encyclopedia > List of Naval Ministers of France

One of ancien régime France's Secretaries of State was entrusted with control of the French Navy. In 1791, this title was changed to Minister of Marine. Before the 1890s, this position also usually had responsibility for France's colonies, and was usually known as Minister of Marine and Colonies. Ancien Régime means Old Rule or Old Order in French; in English, the term refers primarily to the social and political system established in France under the Valois and Bourbon dynasties. ... The French Navy (Marine Nationale) is the naval arm of the French military and is the second-largest Western European navy (the largest being the United Kingdoms Royal Navy). ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... -1...


Secretaries of State for the Navy, 1699-1790

Secretary Began Ended
Jérôme de Pontchartrain 6 September 1699 1 October 1715
Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, comte de Toulouse and Victor Marie d'Estrées (Presidents of the Council of Marine) 1 October 1715 24 September 1718
Joseph Jean Baptiste Fleuriau d'Armenonville 24 September 1718 28 February 1722
Charles Jean-Baptiste Fleuriau, comte de Morville 28 February 1722 16 August 1723
Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de Maurepas 16 August 1723 23 April 1749
Antoine Louis Rouillé 30 April 1749 24 July 1754
Jean-Baptiste de Machault d'Arnovuille 24 July 1754 1 February 1757
François Marie Peyrenc de Moras 1 February 1757 31 May 1758
Claude Louis d'Espinchal, marquis de Massiac 31 May 1758 31 October 1758
Nicolas René Berryer 31 October 1758 13 October 1761
Étienne François, duc de Choiseul 13 October 1761 10 April 1766
César Gabriel de Choiseul-Chevigny, duc de Praslin 10 April 1766 24 December 1770
Joseph Marie Terray 24 December 1770 9 April 1771
Pierre Étienne Bourgeois de Boynes 9 April 1771 20 July 1774
Anne Robert Jacques Turgot 20 July 1774 24 August 1774
Gabriel de Sartine 24 August 1774 13 October 1780
Charles Eugène Gabriel de La Croix, marquis de Castries 13 October 1780 24 August 1787
Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin Saint-Hérem 25 August 1787 24 December 1787
César Henri, comte de La Luzerne 24 December 1787 13 July 1789
Arnaud de Laporte 13 July 1789 16 July 1789
César Henri, comte de La Luzerne 16 July 1789 26 October 1790

September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... // Events July 24 - Spanish treasure fleet of ten ships under admiral Ubilla leave Havana, Cuba for Spain. ... Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, Comte de Toulouse (June 6, 1678 – December 1, 1737) was the third son of Louis XIV and Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... // Events July 24 - Spanish treasure fleet of ten ships under admiral Ubilla leave Havana, Cuba for Spain. ... September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years). ... // Events July 21 - Treaty of Passarowitz signed November 22 - Off the coast of Virginia, English pirate Edward Teach (best known as Blackbeard) is killed in battle when a British boarding party cornered and then shot and stabbed him more than 25 times. ... September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years). ... // Events July 21 - Treaty of Passarowitz signed November 22 - Off the coast of Virginia, English pirate Edward Teach (best known as Blackbeard) is killed in battle when a British boarding party cornered and then shot and stabbed him more than 25 times. ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Abraham De Moivre states De Moivres theorem connecting trigonometric functions and complex numbers Publication of the first book of Bachs Well-Tempered Clavier Fall of Persias Safavid dynasty during a bloody revolt of the Afghani people. ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Abraham De Moivre states De Moivres theorem connecting trigonometric functions and complex numbers Publication of the first book of Bachs Well-Tempered Clavier Fall of Persias Safavid dynasty during a bloody revolt of the Afghani people. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ... Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de Maurepas (July 9, 1701 - November 21, 1781) was a French statesman. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining, as the last day in April. ... Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1757 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1757 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining, as the last day of May. ... 1758 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining, as the last day of May. ... 1758 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining, as the final day of October. ... 1758 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining, as the final day of October. ... 1758 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years). ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Étienne-François, duc de Choiseul, French diplomat and statesman Étienne-François, duc de Choiseul (June 28, 1719 — May 8, 1785) was a French statesman. ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years). ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... 1770 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Joseph Marie Terray (December 1715, Boën — February 18, 1778) was a controller general during the reign of Louis XV of France. ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... 1770 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1774 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, Baron de Laune, often referred to as Turgot (May 10, 1727 ? March 18, 1781), was a French statesman and economist. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1774 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... 1774 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... 1774 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years). ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years). ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... July 16 is the 197th day (198th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 168 days remaining. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... July 16 is the 197th day (198th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 168 days remaining. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

Ministers of Marine and the Colonies, 1790-1893

Minister Began Ended
Charles Pierre Claret de Fleuriau 26 October 1790 17 May 1791
Antoine Jean Marie Thévenard 17 May 1791 18 September 1791
Claude Antoine Valdec de Lessart 18 September 1791 7 October 1791
Antoine François, comte Bertrand de Molleville 7 October 1791 16 March 1792
Jean de Lacoste 16 March 1792 21 July 1792
François Joseph de Gratet, vicomte Dubouchage 21 July 1792 10 August 1792
Gaspard Monge 10 August 1792 10 April 1793
Jean Dalbarade (commissioner from 20 April 1794) 10 April 1793 2 July 1795
Jean-Claude Redon de Beaupréau (commissioner) 2 July 1795 4 November 1795
Laurent Jean François Truguet 4 November 1795 15 July 1797
Georges René Le Peley de Pléville 15 July 1797 27 April 1798
Eustache Bruix 27 April 1798 4 March 1799
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord 7 March 1799 2 July 1799
Marc Antoine Bourdon de Vatry 2 July 1799 22 November 1799
Pierre Alexandre Laurent Forfait 22 November 1799 3 October 1801
Denis Decrès 3 October 1801 1 April 1814
Pierre-Victor, baron Malouet 3 April 1814 7 September 1814
Jacques, comte Beugnot 7 September 1814 20 March 1815
Denis, duc Decrès 20 March 1815 7 July 1815
François Arnail, comte de Jaucourt 9 July 1815 26 September 1815
François Joseph de Gratet, vicomte Dubouchage 26 September 1815 23 June 1817
Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr 23 June 1817 12 September 1817
Mathieu Louis, comte Molé 12 September 1817 29 December 1818
Pierre Barthélemy, baron Portal 29 December 1818 14 December 1821
Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre 14 December 1821 4 August 1824
Christophe, comte de Chabrol de Crouzol 4 August 1824 3 March 1828
Jean-Guillaume, baron Hyde de Neuville 3 March 1828 8 August 1829
Henri Gauthier, comte de Rigny 8 August 1829 23 August 1829
Charles Lemercier de Longpré, baron d'Haussez 23 August 1829 31 July 1830
Henri Gauthier, comte de Rigny 31 July 1830 11 August 1830
Horace François Bastien, baron Sébastiani 11 August 1830 17 November 1830
Antoine, comte d'Argout 17 November 1830 13 March 1831
Henri Gauthier, comte de Rigny 13 March 1831 4 April 1834
Albin Reine, baron Roussin 4 April 1834 19 May 1834
Louis Léon, comte Jacob 19 May 1834 10 November 1834
Charles, baron Dupin 10 November 1834 18 November 1834
Victor Guy, baron Duperré 18 November 1834 6 September 1836
Claude Charles Marie du Campe de Rosamel 6 September 1836 31 March 1839
Jean Marguerite Tupinier 31 March 1839 12 May 1839
Victor Guy, baron Duperré 12 May 1839 1 March 1840
Albin Reine, baron Roussin 1 March 1840 29 October 1840
Victor Guy, baron Duperré 29 October 1840 7 February 1843
Albin Reine, baron Roussin 7 February 1843 24 July 1843
Ange René Armand, baron de Mackau 24 July 1843 9 May 1847
Napoléon Auguste Lannes, duc de Montebello 9 May 1847 24 February 1848
François Arago 24 February 1848 11 May 1848
Joseph Grégoire Cazy 11 May 1848 28 June 1848
Jules Bastide 28 June 1848 17 July 1848
Raymond Verninac de Saint-Maur 17 July 1848 20 December 1848
Alexandre César Victor Charles Destutt de Tracy 20 December 1848 31 October 1849
Joseph Romain-Desfossés 31 October 1849 9 January 1851
Théodore Ducos 9 January 1851 24 January 1851
Auguste Nicolas Vaillant 24 January 1851 10 April 1851
Justin de Chasseloup-Laubat 10 April 1851 26 October 1851
Hippolyte Fortoul 26 October 1851 3 December 1851
Théodore Ducos 3 December 1851 17 April 1855
Ferdinand Hamelin 19 April 1855 24 November 1860
Justin de Chasseloup-Laubat 24 November 1860 20 January 1867
Charles Rigault de Genouilly 20 January 1867 4 September 1870
Maurice Fourichon
Louis Marie Alexis Pothuau
Charles Dompierre d'Hormoy
Louis Raymond de Montaignac de Chauvance
Martin Fourichon
Albert Gicquel des Touches
Albert Roussin
Louis Marie Alexis Pothuau
Jean Bernard Jauréguiberry
Georges Charles Cloué
Auguste Gougeard (Marine only)
Jean Bernard Jauréguiberry
François de Mahy
Charles Brun
Alexandre Louis François Peyron
Charles Eugène Galiber
Théophile Aube
Édouard Barbey
François de Mahy
Jules François Émile Krantz
Benjamin Jaurès
Jules François Émile Krantz (Marine only)
Édouard Barbey (Marine only)
Godefroy Cavaignac (Marine only to 8 March 1892)
Auguste Burdeau

October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Comte Antoine François Bertrand de Molleville (1744-1818) was Minister of Marine from 1790 to 1792 under Louis XVI. He was considered a fiery partisan of royalty, and surnamed the enfant terrible of the monarchy. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in Leap years). ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in Leap years). ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 163 days remaining. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 163 days remaining. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Gaspard Monge. ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... 1797 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... 1797 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord (February 2, 1754 - May 17, 1838) was a French diplomat. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in Leap years). ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in Leap years). ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in Leap years). ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... April 3 is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 272 days remaining. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 175 days remaining. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 96 days remaining. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 96 days remaining. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, Marshal of France Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr (April 13, 1764 – March 17, 1830) was a French marshal. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Louis, comte Molé, French statesman Louis Mathieu, comte Molé (January 24, 1781 - November 23, 1855), French statesman, was born in Paris. ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Aimé de Clermont-Tonnerre Aimé-Marie-Gaspard, comte de Clermont-Tonnerre (November 27, 1779, Paris - January 8, 1865, Glisolles) was a French general and statesman. ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Jean-Guillaume, baron Hyde de Neuville (January 24, 1776 - May 28, 1857), French politician, was born at La Charite-sur-Loire (Nievre), the son of Guillaume Hyde, who belonged to an English family which had emigrated with the Stuarts after the rebellion of 1745. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... August 23 is the 235th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (236th in leap years), with 130 days remaining. ... 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... August 23 is the 235th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (236th in leap years), with 130 days remaining. ... 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining, as the final day of July. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining, as the final day of July. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Horace François Bastien Sebastiani (1772-1851) was a French soldier and diplomat. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... 1831 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... 1831 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years), with 43 remaining. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years), with 43 remaining. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining, as the final day of March. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining, as the final day of March. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 63 days remaining. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 63 days remaining. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... François Arago François Jean Dominique Arago (February 26, 1786 – October 2, 1853) was a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, and politician. ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jules Bastide (born November 22, 1800 in Paris; died March 2, 1879) was a French publicist. ... (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining, as the final day of October. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining, as the final day of October. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Jean Bernard Jauréguiberry (26 August 1815 - 21 October 1887) was a French admiral and statesman. ... Jean Bernard Jauréguiberry (26 August 1815 - 21 October 1887) was a French admiral and statesman. ... Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac (May 21, 1853 - September 25, 1905), French politician, was born in Paris. ... March 8 poster from Portugal March 8 is the 67th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (68th in Leap years). ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

Ministers of Marine, 1893-1947

Minister Began Ended
Adrien Barthélemy Louis Henri Rieunier
Auguste Alfred Lefèvre
Félix Faure
Armand Louis Charles Gustave Besnard
Édouard Locroy
Armand Louis Charles Gustave Besnard
Édouard Locroy
Jean-Marie de Lanessan
Charles Camille Pelletan 7 June 1902 24 January 1905
Gaston Thomson
Alfred Picard
Auguste Boué de Lapeyrère
Théophile Delcassé
Pierre Baudin
Ernest Monis
Armand Gauthier de l'Aude
Émile Chautemps
Armand Gauthier de l'Aude
Victor Augagneur
Lucien Lacaze
Charles Chaumet
Georges Leygues
Adolphe Landry
Gabriel Guist'hau
Flaminius Raiberti
Maurice Brokanowski
Désiré Ferry
Jacques-Louis Dumesnil
Émile Borel
Georges Leygues
René Renoult
Georges Leygues
Albert Sarraut
Jacques-Louis Dumesnil
Albert Sarraut
Charles Dumont
Georges Leygues
Albert Sarraut
Louis de Chappedelaine
François Piétri
Alphonse Gasnier-Duparc
César Campinchi
William Bertrand
César Campinchi
François Darlan
Gabriel Auphan
Jean-Marie Charles Abrial
Henri Bléhaut
Louis Jacquinot

  Results from FactBites:
 
Civil list - LoveToKnow 1911 (2257 words)
CIVIL LIST, the English term for the account in which are contained all the expenses immediately applicable to the support of the British sovereign's household and the honour and dignity of the crown.
With the regency the civil list was increased by £70,000 per annum, and a special grant of £100,000 was settled on the prince regent.
A select committee of the House of Commons was appointed to consider the provisions of the civil list for the crown, and to report also on the question of grants for the honourable support and maintenance of Her Majesty the Queen and the members of the royal family.
France - LoveToKnow 1911 (12945 words)
On the whole, however, France is inadequately provided with natural harbours; her long tract of coast washed by the Atlantic and the Bay of Biscay has sqarcely three or four good seaports, and those on the southern shore of the Channel form a striking contrast to the spacious maritime inlets on theEnglish side.
The basin of the Garonne occupies south-western France with the exception of the tracts covered by the secondary basins of the Adour, the Aude, the Hrault, the Orb and other smaller rivers, and the lowlying plain of the Landes, which is watered by numerous coast rivers, notably by the Leyre.
Upper Poitou and the zone of south-western France to the north of the Pyrenees are the chief regions for the breeding of mules.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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