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Encyclopedia > List of Martian canals

The canals were named, by Schiaparelli and others, after real and legendary rivers of various places on Earth or the mythological underworld. Some of those names are listed below, with the regions that the canals were thought to connect.

Contents


A

  • Acalandrus (ˌă-kə-ˡlăn-drəs) – From a stream in Lucania, Italy, now called Calandro.
  • Acampsis (ə-ˡkămp-sǐs)
  • Acesines (ə-ˡsě-zǐ-nēz) – From a river in Sicily, now called Cantara; also the name of one of the rivers of the Panjab.
  • Achana
  • Achates (ə-ˡkā-tēz) – From a river in Sicily.
  • Acheloüs (ˌă-kǐ-ˡlō-əs) – From Achelous, a river in western Greece.
  • Acheron (ˡă-kə-rǒn) – From Acheron, both a real river in Epirus and a mythical river of Hades.
  • Acis (ˡā-sǐs) – From a river in Sicily, now called Fiume di Iaci.
  • Aeacus (ˡē-ə-kǔs) – N to S: runs through Cebrenia to the junction of Styx and Boreas canals.
  • Aeolus (ˡē-ō-lǔs)
  • Aesis (ˡē-zǐs)
  • Aethiops (ˡē-thē-ǒps) – Means "the Ethiopian".
  • Agathodaemon (ˌă-gə-thō-ˡdē-mən) – N to S: connects Tithonius Lacus to Aonius Sinus, opposite Protei Regio; just W of Aurea Cherso. Means "good spirit".
  • Alcyonius (ˌăl-sē-ˡō-nē-ǔs) –
  • Alpheus (ăl-ˡfē-ǔs) – Runs N-S through Hellas. From the river Alpheios in the Peloponnesus of Greece.
  • Ambrosia (ăm-ˡbrō-zhə) – S to N: connects Solis Lacus with Bosphorus Gemmatus, running through Thaumasia. From ambrosia, the legendary food of the gods.
  • Amenthes (ə-ˡměn-thēz) –
  • Amphrysus
  • Amystis (ə-ˡmǐs-tǐs)
  • Anapus
  • Anian (ˡā-nē-ən) – After the Strait of Anián, a mythical water passage in the American northwest.
  • Antaeus (ăn-ˡtē-ǔs) – NW to SE: from the junction of Cerberus and Eunostos canals to the Atlantis region. From Antaeus, son of Earth, a gigantic opponent of Heracles.
  • Anubis (ə-ˡnū-bǐs) – From the Egyptian god Anubis.
  • Apis (ˡā-pǐs) – From the Egyptian god Apis.
  • Araxes (ə-ˡrăk-sēz) – E to W: connects Phoenicis Lacus with the E end of Mare Sirenum. From Araxes, a river in eastern Anatolia.
  • Argaeus (ar-ˡjē-ǔs) – Flows S from pole to junction of Pyramus and Pierius canals.
  • Arges (ˡar-jēz)
  • Arnon (ˡar-nən) – N to S: connects Arethusa Lacus to Ismenius Lacus. From the small river Arnon now in the Kingdom of Jordan.
  • Aroeris () – NE to SW: from "Copais Palus" to Ismenius Lacus.
  • Arosis
  • Arsanias (ar-ˡsā-nē-əs)
  • Artanes
  • Ascanius (ăs-ˡkā-nē-ǔs) – From the Trojan Ascanius, son of Aeneas.
  • Asclepius (ăs-ˡklē-pē-ǔs) – From the Greek deity of healing Asclepius.
  • Asopus
  • Astaboras (ăs-ˡtă-bō-rəs) – E to W: connects Syrtis Major to Ismenius Lacus. From a name for the Atbarah river, a branch of the upper Nile.
  • Astapus (ˡăs-tə-pǔs) – From a name for the Blue Nile river.
  • Astusapes (ăs-ˡtū-sə-pēz) – From a name for the White Nile river.
  • Atax (ˡā-tăks)
  • Athesis
  • Athyr (ˡā-thər) – From a form of the name of the Egyptian goddess Hathor.
  • Avernus (ə-ˡvər-nəs) – NE to SW: connects Ammonii Fons to the E end of Mare Cimmerium via Aquae Apollinaris.
  • Avus (ˡā-vəs)
  • Axius (ˡăk-shəs)
  • Axon (ˡăk-sən)

For the mountain in Canada named after Lucania, see Mount Lucania. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 The Punjab (sometimes spelt Panjab) is a region straddling the border between India and Pakistan. ... In Greek mythology, Achelous (Greek: Αχελώος), was the patron deity of the river by the same name, which is the largest river of Greece, and thus the chief of all river deities, every river having its own river spirit. ... The Acheron river is in the Epirus region of north west Greece. ... Epirus (Greek Ήπειρος, Ípiros) is a geographical and historical region of the Balkan peninsula in south-eastern Europe. ... The Alfeiós (Greek: Αλφειός, also Alfiós) is a river in Peloponnese, Greece. ... In ancient mythology, Ambrosia (Greek ) is sometimes the food, sometimes the drink, of the gods. ... The Strait of Anián was the 16th century Spanish name for the Northwest Passage that supposedly connected the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean in the temperate or tropic regions of North America. ... Hercules and Antaeus. ... Hercules, a Roman bronze (Louvre Museum) In Greek mythology, Heracles, or Herakles (glory of Hera, Ἥρα + κλέος, ) was a divine hero, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, stepson of Amphitryon and great-grandson of Perseus. ... Anubis is the Greek name for the ancient god in Egyptian mythology whose hieroglyphic is more accurately spelt Anpu (also Anup, Anupu, Wip, Ienpw, Inepu, Yinepu, or Inpw). ... In Egyptian mythology, Apis or Hapis (alternatively spelt Hapi-ankh), was a bull-deity worshipped in the Memphis region. ... Aras, Araks, Arax, Araxes, or Araz (Persian: ارس, Azerbaijani: Araz), is a river rising in Anatolia in Turkey, flowing along the Turkey-Armenia border, then along the Iran border, entering Azerbaijan, and falling into Kura river as a right tributary. ... Asia Minor lies east of the Bosporus, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. ... A river and wadi of eastern Palestine, known in modern times in Arabic as Wadi al-Mawjib. ... Ascanius Hunting the Stag of Silvia, by Claude Lorrain (1682). ... Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598. ... Asclepius (Greek also rendered Aesculapius in Latin and transliterated Asklepios) was the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek mythology, according to which he was born a mortal but was given immortality as the constellation Ophiuchus after his death. ... Atbarah (sometimes Atbara) (Arabic: عطبرة) is a town of 87,878 (1993) located in the nile state, Sudan| Nile in northeastern Sudan. ... The Blue Nile Blue Nile Falls in Ethiopia The Blue Nile is a river originating at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. ... The White Nile is a river of Africa, one of the two main tributaries of the Nile, the other being the Blue Nile. ... Statue of Hathor (Luxor Museum) In Egyptian mythology, Hathor (Egyptian for house of Horus) was originally a personification of the Milky Way, which was seen as the milk that flowed from the udders of a heavenly cow. ...

B-D

  • Bactrus (ˡbăk-trǔs) –
  • Baetis (ˡbē-tǐs) –
  • Bathys (ˡbā-thǐs) –
  • Bautis (ˡbau-tǐs) –
  • Belus (ˡbē-lǔs) –
  • Boreas (ˡbō-rē-əs) – E to W: connects Propontis to Anian canal. From Boreas, the Greek name for the North Wind.
  • Boreosyrtis (ˌbō-rē-ō-ˡsər-tǐs) – E to W in curve between Utopia and Dioscuria.
  • Brontes (ˡbrǒn-tēz) –
  • Cadmus (ˡkăd-mǔs) – From the Greek hero Cadmus.
  • Caicus
  • Callirrhoë (kă-ˡlǐ-rō-ē) – Means "flowing beautifully".
  • Cambyses
  • Cantabras
  • Carpis (ˡkar-pǐs) –
  • Casius (ˡkā-zhǔs) – NW to SE: connects Copaïs Palus to Nodus Alcyonius.
  • Casuentus (ˌkă-zhū-ˡen-tǔs) –
  • Catarrhactes (ˌkă-ta-ˡrăk-tēz) –
  • Caÿster (kā-ˡǐs-tər) –
  • Cedron (ˡsē-drən) – NW to SE; connects the Jaxartes canal to Arethusa Lacus. From the Brook of Cedron near Jerusalem.
  • Centrites
  • Cephissus (sē-ˡfǐ-sǔs) – From any of several rivers in Greece called Cephissus.
  • Ceraunius (sə-ˡrau-nē-ǔs) – A broad canal, or pair of canals, running N-S from Tharsis down to between Tempe and Arcadia.
  • Cerberus (ˡsər-bə-rǔs) – NE to SW: connects Trivium Charontis to the W end of Mare Cimmerium. From the name of the dog Cerberus that guards the gates of Hades.
  • Cestrus (ˡsěs-trǔs)
  • Chaboras
  • Chretes (ˡkrē-tēz)
  • Choaspes (kō-ˡăs-pēz) – From Choaspes, a river of Susiana.
  • Chrysas (ˡkrī-səs) –
  • Chrysorrhoas (krī-ˡsǒ-rō-əs) – N to S: connects Lunae Lacus to Tithonius Lacus. Means "flowing with gold".
  • Cinyphus
  • Clitumnus (klī-ˡtǔm-nǔs) –
  • Clodianus (ˌklō-dē-ˡā-nǔs) –
  • Cocytus (kō-ˡsī-təs) – Named for Cocytus, a mythical river of Hades.
  • Cophen (ˡkō-fən) –
  • Coprates
  • Corax (ˡkō-răks) –
  • Cyaneus (sī-ˡā-nē-ǔs) –
  • Cyclops (ˡsī-klǒps) – Southern continuation of Galaxias canal, running from the junction of Cerberus and Eunostos to Mare Cimmerium. Named for the one-eyed monster Cyclops of Greek myth.
  • Cydnus (ˡsǐd-nǔs) –
  • Cyrus (ˡsī-rǔs)
  • Daemon (ˡdē-mən) –
  • Daix
  • Daradax
  • Dardanus (ˡdar-də-nǔs) – E to W: connects Niliacus Lacus to Ceraunius canal.
  • Dargamenes
  • Deuteronilus (ˌdū-tə-rō-ˡnī-lǔs) – E to W: connects Ismenius Lacus to Niliacus Lacus via Dirce Fons. Means 'Second Nile'.
  • Digentia (dī-ˡjěn-shə) –
  • Dosaron
  • Drahonus

Zephyrus, the Greek god of the west wind, and the goddess Flora, from an 1875 painting by William-Adolphe Bouguereau. ... Cadmus Sowing the Dragons teeth, by Maxfield Parrish, 1908 Cadmusis my pimp, or Kadmos (Greek: Κάδμος), in Greek mythology, was the son of the king of Phoenicia and brother of Europa. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Jerusalem (; Hebrew: Yerushalayim; Arabic: al-Quds; Greek Ιεροσόλυμα) is an ancient Middle Eastern city on the watershed between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea at an elevation of 650-840 meters. ... Cephissus (Greek Κήφισσος: Kifissós, Kephissós, or Kêphissos) or Cephisus (Greek Κήφισος: Kêphisos) the name of several rivers in Greece: Cephissus (Boeotia), a river arising in Phocis and flowing through northern Boeotia into Lake Copais. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Choaspes (also called Eulæus; Hebrew: Ulai; modern Karkheh or Karkhen) is a river of ancient Susiana (now in Khuzestan, Iran) that rises in the Zagros mountains, and passes north of Susa, eventually falling into the Tigris just below its confluence with the Euphrates very near to the modern... The ancient Elamite Empire, تمدن عیلام in Farsi, lay to the east of Sumer and Akkad, in what is now southwestern Iran. ... In Greek mythology, Cocytus, meaning river of wailing (Greek kokutos, lamentation) was the river in the underworld on the banks of which the dead who could not pay Charon wandered, according to most accounts, for one hundred years. ... Polyphemus the Cyclops. ...

E-F

  • Elison
  • Eosphoros (ē-ˡǒs-fə-rōs) – NW to SE: connects Phoenicis Lacus to Solis Lacus. Means "bringer of dawn".
  • Erannoboas
  • Erebus (ˡě-rǐ-bǔs) – From Erebus, a name for the Underworld.
  • Erigone (ē-ˡrǐ-gō-nē) –
  • Erinaeus (ˌě-rǐ-ˡnē-ǔs) –
  • Erinnys (ē-ˡrǐ-nǐs) – E to W: connects the W end of Mare Sirenum to Titanum Sinus in Memnonia. From the mythical Erinyes.
  • Erymanthus (ˌě-rǐ-ˡmǎn-thǔs) –
  • Eulaeus (ū-ˡlē-ǔs) –
  • Eumenides (ū-ˡmě-nǐ-dēz) – NW to SE: the SE continuation of Orcus canal, from Nodus Gordii to Phoenicis Lacus.
  • Eunostos (ū-ˡnǒs-tōs) –
  • Euphrates (ū-ˡfrā-tēz) – N to S: connects Sinus Sabaeus to Ismenius Lacus. From the river Euphrates in Mesopotamia, one of the four rivers of Eden.
  • Euripus (ū-ˡrī-pǔs) – SE to NW, connects Mare Tyrrhenum and Mare Hadriaticum, running through Ausonia. After the strait between Euboea and Boeotia.
  • Eurotas (ū-ˡrō-təs) –
  • Eurymedon
  • Eurypus
  • Evenus
  • Feuos (ˡfū-ōs) –
  • Fortunae (fǒr-ˡtū-nē) – Means "of Fortune".

In Greek mythology, Erebus, or Érebos was a primordial god, the personification of darkness, offspring of Chaos alone. ... In Greek mythology the Erinyes or Eumenides (the Romans called them the Furies) were female personifications of vengeance. ... The Euphrates (the traditional Greek name, Arabic: الفرات; Al-Furat, Hebrew: פְּרָת, Kurdish and Turkish: Fırat, Old Persian: Ufrat, Syriac: ܦܪܘܬ or ܦܪܬ; Frot or Prâth, Akkadian: Pu-rat-tu) is the westernmost of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia (the other being the Tigris). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The various meanings of Eden: Garden of Eden Eden programming language Garden of Eden pattern, a term used in cellular automata Eden is the name of a film. ... Euboea or Negropont (Modern Greek: Εύβοια Evia, Ancient Greek Εúβοια Eúboia; see also List of traditional Greek place names), is the largest island of the Greek archipelago. ... Boeotia or Beotia (//, (Greek Βοιωτια; see also list of traditional Greek place names) was the central area of ancient Greece. ...

G-H

  • Gaesus (ˡjē-zəs) –
  • Galaesus
  • Galaxias (gə-ˡlăk-sē-əs) – N to S: from Anian to the junction of Cerberus and Eunostos S of Elysium.
  • Ganges (ˡgăn-jēz) – N to S: connects Lunae Lacus to Aurorae Sinus. From the Ganges, a river of India.
  • Ganymede
  • Garrhuenus
  • Gehon (ˡjē-ən) – N to S: connects Mare Acidalium to the W end of Sinus Sabaeus. From Gihon, one of the four rivers of Eden. Also spelled Gihon (ˡjī-ən).
  • Gigas (ˡjī-gəs) – NE to SW: connects Ascraeus Lacus to Titanum Sinus via Lucus Maricae. From the mythical monsters called Gigantes.
  • Glaucus
  • Gorgon (ˡgǒr-gən) – Connects Mare Sirenum and the Eumenides canal near Nodus Gordii. From the mythical monster Gorgon.
  • Gyes
  • Gyndes (ˡjǐn-dēz) – From a river flowing into the Tigris.
  • Hades (ˡhā-dēz) – N to S: connects Trivium Charontis and Propontis. From the Greek name for the Underworld and its ruling deity, Hades.
  • Halys
  • Harpasus
  • Hebe (ˡhē-bē)
  • Hebrus (ˡhē-brǔs) –
  • Heliconius (ˌhě-lǐ-ˡkō-nē-ǔs) – E to W: connects Sithonius Lacus to Copaïs Palus.
  • Helisson
  • Hephaestus (hē-ˡfěs-tǔs) – From the god Hephaestus.
  • Heratemis
  • Hiddekel (ˡhǐ-dǐ-kěl) – NE to SW: connects Ismenius Lacus to Fastigium Aryn at the western end of Sinus Sabaeus. From the Hebrew name for the Tigris, a river of Mesopotamia and one of the four rivers of Eden.
  • Hipparis
  • Hippus
  • Hyblaeus (hī-ˡblē-ǔs) – NE to SW: connects Anian canal to Hephaestus canal.
  • Hyctanis
  • Hydaspes (hī-ˡdăs-pēz) – From the Greek name for the Jhelum river of India.
  • Hydraotes (ˌhī-drā-ˡō-tēz) – SE to NW; connects Margaritifer Sinus to Lunae Lacus. After the Greek name for the Ravi river of India.
  • Hydriacus
  • Hylias
  • Hyllus
  • Hyphasis
  • Hypsas
  • Hyscus (ˡhǐs-kǔs) –

Early morning on the Ganges The River Ganges (Ganga in Indian languages) (Devanagiri गंगा) is a major river in northern India. ... Gihon is the title of a river first mentioned in the second chapter of the Biblical book of Genesis. ... In Greek mythology, the Gigantes were a race of giants. ... In Greek mythology, the Gorgons (terrible or, according to some, loud-roaring) were vicious female monsters with sharp fangs and hair of living, venomous snakes. ... Hades (From , HadÄ“s, or , HáidÄ“s, Greek for unseen[1]) refers to both the ancient Greek abode of the dead and the god of that underworld. ... Hephaestus, Greek god of forging, riding a Donkey; Greek drinking cup (skyphos) made in the 5th century B.C. Hephaestus (IPA pronunciation: ; Greek Hêphaistos) is the Greek god whose approximate Roman equivalent is Vulcan; he is the god of blacksmiths, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metals and metallurgy, and fire. ... The Tigris River (Arabic: دجلة Dijla, Hebrew: חדקל ḥiddeqel, Kurdish: Dîjle, Pahlavi: Tigr, Old Persian: Tigrā-, Syriac: ܕܩܠܬ Deqlath, Turkish: Dicle, Akkadian: Idiqlat) is the eastern member of the pair of great rivers that define Mesopotamia, along with the Euphrates, which flows from the mountains of Anatolia through Iraq (the name Mesopotamia... The various meanings of Eden: Garden of Eden Eden programming language Garden of Eden pattern, a term used in cellular automata Eden is the name of a film. ... The Jhelum River is the largest and most western of the five rivers of the Punjab province of Pakistan, and passes through Jhelum City. ... The Ravi River (Punjabi: , Urdu: ) is a river in India and Pakistan. ...

I-M

  • Idalius (ī-ˡdā-lē-ǔs)
  • Ilissus (ǐ-ˡlǐ-sǔs) –
  • Indus (ˡǐn-dǔs) – N to S: connects Niliacus Lacus to Margaritifer Sinus. From the Indus, a river of India.
  • Iris (ˡī-rǐs) – N to S: connects Phoenicis Lacus to Ceraunius canal. Named for the goddess of the rainbow Iris.
  • Isis
  • Issedon (ˡǐ-sǐ-dǒn) –
  • Jamuna (ˡjă-mū-nə) – N to S; connects Niliacus Lacus to Aurorae Sinus. From the Yamuna or Jumna, a river of India.
  • Jaxartes (jǎk-ˡsar-tēz) – From an old name for the Syr Darya, a river of Transoxiana.
  • Jordanis (jǒr-ˡdā-nǐs) – From the river Jordan in the Holy Land.
  • Kison (ˡkī-zən) –
  • Labotas
  • Laestrygon (lěs-ˡtrī-gən) – N to S: connects Trivium Charontis to Mare Cimmerium.
  • Leontes
  • Lethes (ˡlē-thēz) – N to S: connects Hephaestus canal to Syrtis Minor. From Lethe, a mythical river of Hades.
  • Liris
  • Maeander
  • Magon
  • Malva
  • Margus
  • Medus
  • Medusa
  • Mogrus

The Indus River in Northern Areas of Pakistan, near the rock Aornus. ... Iris has three main meanings, unrelated except for their derivation from the Greek word for rainbow: Iris (mythology), a messenger of the gods in Greek mythology, identified with the rainbow Iris (anatomy), the sphincter around the pupil of the eye, named after the colors in human and animal eyes Iris... Confluence of Yamuna River and Tons River Yamuna (sometimes called Jamuna) is a major river of northern India, with a total length of around 1370 km. ... Syr Darya (also known as Syrdarya or Sirdaryo) is a river in Central Asia. ... In Classical Greek, Lethe literally means forgetfulness or concealment. The Greek word for truth is a-lethe-ia, meaning un-forgetfulness or un-concealment. In Greek mythology, Lethe is one of the several rivers of Hades. ...

N-O

  • Nectar (ˡněk-tər) – Runs E from Solis Lacus to Nectaris Fons (near Protei Regio). From the legendary drink of the gods.
  • Neda
  • Nepenthes (nē-ˡpěn-thēz) – NE to SW: from junction of Thoth and Triton canals to Syrtis Major via Lacus Moeris.
  • Nereides
  • Nestus
  • Neudrus
  • Nilokeras (nī-ˡlǒ-kə-rəs) – E to W: connects Niliacus Lacus with Lunae Lacus. Means "horn of the Nile".
  • Nilosyrtis (ˡnī-lō-sər-tǐs) – A broad canal-like feature, running N from the tip of Syrtis Major to Coloë Palus.
  • Nilus (ˡnī-lǔs) – From the Nile, the river of Egypt.
  • Nymphaeus
  • Oceanus (ō-ˡsē-ə-nǔs)
  • Ochus (ˡō-kǔs)
  • Opharus
  • Orcus (ˡǒr-kǔs) – NW to SE: connects Trivium Charontis to Nodus Gordii, where it turns into Eumenides canal. From Orcus, a synonym of Hades.
  • Orontes (ō-ˡrǒn-tēz) – E to SW: connects Serbonis Palus to Sabaeus Sinus. From the Orontes, a river of Syria.
  • Orosines
  • Oxus (ˡǒk-sǔs) – NE to SW: connects the Deuteronilus and the Indus canals. From an old name for the Amu Darya, a river of Central Asia.

The Nile (Arabic: النيل an-nÄ«l), in Africa, is the longest river on Earth. ... In Roman mythology, Orcus was a god of the underworld, punisher of broken oaths, more equivalent to Pluto than to the Greek Hades. ... The Orontes or ‘Asi is a river of Lebanon and Syria. ... The Amu Darya (Darya means river) rises in the Pamirs and flows mainly north-west through the Hindu Kush, Uzbekistan to join the Aral Sea in a large delta. ...

P-R

  • Pactolus (păk-ˡtō-lǔs) – From the river Pactolus in Anatolia.
  • Padargus
  • Palamnus
  • Parcae (ˡpar-sē)
  • Peneus (pē-ˡnē-ǔs) – Runs E-W through Hellas. From the Peneios river in the Peloponnesus of Greece.
  • Permessus (pər-ˡmě-sǔs) –
  • Pierius (pī-ˡē-rē-ǔs) – E to W: connects Copaïs Palus and Arethusa Lacus.
  • Phasis (ˡfā-zǐs) – N to S: connects Phoenicis Lacus and Aonius Sinus.
  • Phison (ˡfī-zən) – N to S: connects Coloë Palus to Sinus Sabaeus. From Pishon, one of the four rivers of Eden.
  • Phlegethon (ˡflě-jǐ-thǒn) – From the Phlegethon, a mythical river of Hades.
  • Protonilus (ˌprō-tō-ˡnī-lǔs) – E to W: connects Coloë Palus and Ismenius Lacus. Means "first Nile".
  • Psychrus (ˡsī-krǔs) –
  • Pyramus (ˡpǐ-rə-mǔs) – S from pole via Copaïs Palus to junction of Boreosyrtis and Cadmus canals.
  • Pyriphlegethon (ˌpī-rǐ-ˡflě-jǐ-thǒn) – NW to SE: connecting Propontis and Lacus Phoenicis. From Pyriphlegethon ("fiery Phlegethon"), a mythical river of Hades.
  • Python (ˡpī-thən) – From the monster Python which Apollo killed.
  • Rha (ˡrā)
  • Rhyndacus (ˡrǐn-də-kǔs) – From the name of a river in Anatolia.

Pactolus is a river, now in modern Turkey. ... Asia Minor lies east of the Bosporus, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. ... The Pineiós (Greek: Πηνειός, also Pineus) is a river in Peloponnese, Greece. ... The Pishon is mentioned in the Biblical Genesis (2:11) as one of four rivers branching off from a single river within the Eden. ... In Greek mythology, the river Phlegethon ([river of] fire) was one of the five rivers of the underworld. ... In Greek mythology, Python was the oracular serpent of Delphi. ... Statue of Apollo at the British Museum. ... Asia Minor lies east of the Bosporus, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. ...

S-X

  • Scamander (skə-ˡmăn-dər) – S to N from Mare Chronium to Mare Cimmerium, between Electris and Eridania. From the river Scamander in the Troas.
  • Sesamus
  • Simoïs (ˡsǐ-mō-ǐs) – S to N from Mare Chronium to Mare Cimmerium between Phaëthontis and Electris. From the river Simoïs in the Troas.
  • Sirenius (sī-ˡrē-nē-ǔs) – N to S: connects the Tanais canal near Nerigos with the E end of Mare Sirenum. Means "of the Sirens.
  • Siris (ˡsī-rǐs) –
  • Sitacus (ˡsǐ-tə-kǔs) – NE to SW: connects Coloë Palus to Fastigium Aryn. From the name of a river in Persis.
  • Steropes
  • Styx (ˡstǐks) – From the mythical river Styx in Hades.
  • Surius
  • Tanaïs (ˡtă-nā-ǐs) – From Tanais, an old name for the river Don in Sarmatia.
  • Tantalus (ˡtan-tə-lǔs) –
  • Tartarus (ˡtar-tə-rǔs) – N to S: connects Trivium Charontis to Titanum Sinus. From Tartarus, a name for the Underworld.
  • Tedanius
  • Thermodon
  • Thoth (ˡthǒth) – From the name of the Egyptian god Thoth.
  • Thyanis
  • Titan (ˡtī-tən) – From the Titans, the relatives and opponents of the gods.
  • Tithonius
  • Triton (ˡtrī-tən) – NW to SE: connects Nepenthes canal to the W end of Mare Cimmerium. From the sea-deity Triton
  • Tyndis
  • Typhon (ˡtī-fən) – E to W: connects Deltoton Sinus to Sirbonis Palus.
  • Typhonius (tī-ˡfō-nē-ǔs) –
  • Ulysses (ū-ˡlǐ-sēz) –
  • Uranius (ū-ˡrā-nē-ǔs) – E to W: connects Lunae Lacus to Ascraeus Lacus.
  • Xanthus (ˡzăn-thǔs) – N to S: connects Mare Tyrrhenum to Promethei Sinus, between Eridania and Ausonia. Means "yellow".
  • Xenius (ˡzē-nē-ǔs) – NE to SW: connects Arethusa Lacus to Dirce Fons.

 
 

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