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Games in the mancala family include:
The most widely played games are probably:
Oware, the national game of Ghana, is also known by Warri, Awele, Awari, Ouril, and other names. It has relatively simple rules but considerable strategic depth. Kalah is the ruleset usually included with commercially available boards; however, the game is heavily biased towards the first player, and it is often considered a children's game. Omweso is a strategic game of Uganda, played on an 8×4 board. Bao is a complex strategy game, also played on an 8×4 board.
Games with unusual features
Other games Chongkak (Malaysia) Mak Khom (Siam) Mancal Mancala (Syria) La'b Madjnuni La'b Hakimi La'b Akila La'b Roseya Mancala (Egypt) Mangala (Nubia) Gambatta (Abyssinia) Abangah (Niam-Niam in Sudan) Toee (Bongo in Sudan) Kale (Gabun) Madji (Benni in Nigeria) Poo (Liberia) Kapo (Senegal) Choro Pereauni Bao (Kenya) Mbau (Kenya) Mbau (Kilimanjaro region) Isafu Chanka (India, Sri Lanka) Naranj Chuncajon ( Philippines) Wawee (Leeward Islands) Chuba (USA) Ba-awa (Ghana) Contu-Holo (Djuka in Dutch Guiana) Hus Chungeajon (Philippines) Gabatta (Abyssinia) Bau (Wa Chaga) Isafuba Halusa (Mesopotamia) Mandoli (Island of Hydra) Baqura (Mesopotamia) Li'b al-ghashim Beatta (Arabia, Teyma) Khutka boia (India, Punjab) Pachgarhwa (India) Mawkar katiya (Assam) Cherrapunji (Khasis) Vai lung thlan (Lushei Kuki clan in Assam) Longbeu-a-cha (Assam) Kubuguza Alan P. Merriam, The Game of Kubuguza Among the Abatutsi of North-East Ruanda. Man, Vol. 53. (November 1953), pp. 169-172. Kanj guti (Orissa) Til guti Pallankuli (Tamils in India) Sat-gol (India) Puhulmuti (Sri Lanka) Walak-pussa (Sri Lanka) Kotu-baendum (Sri Lanka) Daramutu (Sri Lanka) Ellaewala-kanda (Sri Lanka) Meusueb (Achehn in Sumatra) Meuta' (Achehn in Sumatra) Meuchoh (Achehn in Sumatra) Meulieh (Achehn in Sumatra) Bajangkaq (Sumatra) Kaloleh (Sumatra) Dakon (Java) Mechiwa (Bali) Matoe (Soemba) Sai (Flores) Chonka (Borne) Aw-li on-nam ot-tjin (Borneo) Galatjang (Celebes) Dara-dara (Celebes) Agsinnoninka (Philippines) Ingilith (Turkana) Warri (Nigeria) Toguz korgool (Kyrgyzstan) Songo P. H. G. Powell-Cotton, H. J. Braunholtz, A Mancala Board Called "Songo.", Man. Vol. 31. (July 1931), pp. 123. Mefuvha H. A. Stayt, The Bavenda. Ouril (Cape Verde)
Information about most of these games can be found in one of the following,
H. J. Braunholtz, The Game of Mweso in Uganda., Man. Vol. 31. (July 1931), pp. 121-122. Henry R. Muller, Warri: A West African Game of Skill, The Journal of American Folklore. Vol. 43, No. 169. pp. 313-316.
Results from FactBites:
Wikipedia: Mancala (263 words)
A mancala game is a board game which has a series of holes arranged in a number of rows (usually 2 or 4), each hole containing a number of seeds (or stones).
The USA has a larger mancala playing population, although many of these players are descendants of slaves imported from Africa.
It is unknown where or when the game of mancala was originally invented, although Ethiopia is currently considered the most likely source.
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