This is a list of Latin words with derivatives in English (and other modern languages).
Note that ancient orthography did not distinguish between i and j or between u and v. Many modern works distinguish u from v but not i from j. In this article both distinctions are shown as they are helpful when tracing the origin of English words. See also Latin spelling and pronunciation. The Roman alphabet or Latin alphabet was adapted from an Etruscan alphabet, to represent the phonemes of the Latin language. ...
This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.
The citation form for nouns (the one normally shown in Latin dictionaries) is the nominative singular, but this typically does not exhibit the root form from which English derivatives from Latin nouns are generally derived.
Latin Nouns and Adjectives
bonus – melior – optimus
bon- – melior- – optim-
good – better – best
bonus ameliorate optimum
domain domestic domicile
form, shape, beauty
man (human being)
judge judicial abjudicate
magnus – mājor – maximus
magn- – mājor- – maxim-
big – bigger – biggest
magnitude major maximum
hand band of men
nil nihilism annihilate
patron paternal patriarch
man (male person)
In some Latin verbs, a preposition caused a vowel change in the root of the verb. For example, "capiō" becomes "incipio".
A large portion of the technical and scientific lexicon of English and other Western European languages consists of classical compounds. ... The phrase Dog Latin refers to the creation of a phrase or jargon in imitation of Latin, often by directly translating English words (or those of other European languages) into Latin without conjugation or declension. ... The following is an alphabetical list of Greek and Latin roots commonly used in English. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... A Latinism is a word borrowed from Latin into another language, such as English. ... English has been called a Germanic language with a Romance vocabulary. ... This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. ... This list contains Germanic elements of the English language which have a close corresponding Latinate form. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into List of French phrases used by English speakers. ... List of Greek Phrases/Proverbs (h)a AgeÅmetrÄtos mÄdeis eisitÅ. Let no-one without knowledge of geometry enter. Motto over the entrance to Platos Academy (quoted in Elias commentary on Aristotles Categories). ... This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. ... Here are some examples of French words and phrases used by English speakers. ... The expression Living Latin refers to the living use of Latin, a classical language that has often being classified as dead. There are two main proponents of Living Latin. ... New Latin (or Neo-Latin) is a post-medieval version of Latin, now used primarily in International Scientific Vocabulary cladistics and systematics. ... Interlingua is an international auxiliary language (IAL) published in 1951 by the International Auxiliary Language Association (IALA). ...
Latin is a member of the family of Italic languages, and its alphabet, the Latin alphabet, is based on the Old Italic alphabet, which is in turn derived from the Greek alphabet.
Latin was first brought to the Italian peninsula in the 9th or 8th century BC by migrants from the north, who settled in the Latium region, specifically around the River Tiber, where the Roman civilization first developed.
Latin was influenced by the Celtic dialects and the non-Indo-European Etruscan language of northern Italy, as well as by the Greek of southern Italy.
Moreover, in the Western world, Latin was a lingua franca, the learned language for scientific and political affairs, for more than a thousand years, being eventually replaced by French in the 18th century and English in the late 19th.
Latin is a synthetic or inflectional language: affixes are attached to fixed stems to express gender, number, and case in adjectives, nouns, and pronouns, which is called declension; and person, number, tense, voice, mood, and aspect in verbs, which is called conjugation.
However, as many as half the words in English were derived from Latin, including many words of Greek origin first adopted by the Romans, not to mention the thousands of French, Spanish, and Italian words of Latin origin that have also enriched English.
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