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Encyclopedia > List of IARC Group 1 carcinogens

Substances, mixtures and exposure circumstances in this list have been classified by the IARC as Group 1: The agent (mixture) is carcinogenic to humans. The exposure circumstance entails exposures that are carcinogenic to humans. This category is used when there is sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in humans. Exceptionally, an agent (mixture) may be placed in this category when evidence of carcinogenicity in humans is less than sufficient but there is sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals and strong evidence in exposed humans that the agent (mixture) acts through a relevant mechanism of carcinogenicity. Further details can be found in the IARC Monographs. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC, or CIRC in its French acronym) is an intergovernmental agency forming part of the World Health Organisation of the United Nations. ...

Contents


Agents and groups of agents

Chemical structure of Aflatoxin B1 Aflatoxins are naturally occurring mycotoxins that act as carcinogens and are produced by two types of mold, Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. ... General Name, Symbol, Number arsenic, As, 33 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 15, 4, p Appearance metallic gray Atomic mass 74. ... This page aims to list concisely all of the common inorganic & organometallic compounds of each element, whether or not they have an existing page. ... Asbestos (Greek ἄσβεστος: a-, not; sbestos, extinguishable) is a group of fibrous metamorphic minerals. ... Azathioprine is a chemotherapy drug, now rarely used for chemotherapy but more for immunosuppression in organ transplantation and autoimmune disease such as rheumatoid arthritis or Crohns disease. ... Benzene, C6H6, PhH, or benzol is a colorless and flammable liquid with a pleasant, sweet smell. ... General Name, Symbol, Number beryllium, Be, 4 Chemical series alkaline earth metals Group, Period, Block 2, 2, s Appearance white-gray metallic Atomic mass 9. ... This page aims to list concisely all of the common inorganic & organometallic compounds of each element, whether or not they have an existing page. ... General Name, Symbol, Number cadmium, Cd, 48 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 5, d Appearance silvery gray metallic Atomic mass 112. ... This page aims to list concisely all of the common inorganic & organometallic compounds of each element, whether or not they have an existing page. ... General Name, Symbol, Number chromium, Cr, 24 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 6, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Atomic mass 51. ... Ciclosporin (INN), cyclosporine or cyclosporin (former BAN), is an immunosuppressant drug. ... Cyclophosphamide is a nitrogen mustard alkylating agent, used to treat various types of cancer and some autoimmune disorders. ... Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is a drug, a synthetic estrogen that was developed to supplement a womans natural estrogen production. ... The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), also called Human herpesvirus 4 (HHV-4), is a virus of the herpes family (which includes Herpes simplex virus and Cytomegalovirus), and one of the most common viruses in humans. ... The chemical compound ethylene oxide is an important industrial chemical used as an intermediate in the production of ethylene glycol and other chemicals, and as a sterilant for foodstuffs and medical supplies. ... Etoposide: chemical structure Etoposide phosphate (Eposin®, Etopophos®, Vepesid®, VP-16®) is an inhibitor of the enzyme topoisomerase II. It is used as a form of chemotherapy for malignancies such as lung cancer, testicular cancer, lymphoma, non-lymphocytic leukemia, and glioblastoma multiforme. ... |} Cisplatin or cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP) is a platinum-based chemotherapy drug used to treat various types of cancers, including sarcomas, some carcinomas (e. ... Bleomycin is an anti-cancer agent. ... The chemical compound formaldehyde (also known as methanal), is a gas with a strong pungent smell. ... This article is about the chemical compound. ... Binomial name Helicobacter pylori (Warren & Marshall, 1983) Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that infects the mucus lining of the human stomach. ... Originally known as serum hepatitis, Hepatitis B has only been recognized as such since World War II, and has caused current epidemics in parts of Asia and Africa. ... Hepatitis C is a form of hepatitis (liver inflammation) caused by a virus, the Hepatitis C virus (HCV). ... Species See text Aristolochia is a large genus of plants with over 500 species, belonging to the Birthwort family (Aristolochiaceae). ... The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a frequently mutating retrovirus that attacks the human immune system and which has been shown to cause acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). ... Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a virus which infects humans. ... Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a virus which infects humans. ... Melphalan chemical structure Melphalan hydrochloride ( Alkeran®) is a chemotherapy drug belonging to the class of alkylating agents. ... Methoxsalen (marketed under the trade name oxsoralen) is a drug used to treat psoriasis in conjunction with exposing the skin to sunlight. ... M.O.P.P. -- Mission Oriented Protective Posture is a military term used to describe chemical protective gear. ... Chemical Structure of Mustard Gas Compound Mustard gas (HD) is a chemical compound that was first used as a chemical weapon in World War I. In pure form, it is a colorless, odorless, viscous liquid at room temperature and causes blistering of the skin. ... Properties In physics, the neutron is a subatomic particle with no net electric charge and a mass of 939. ... This page aims to list concisely all of the common inorganic & organometallic compounds of each element, whether or not they have an existing page. ... Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a system of medical treatment for postmenopausal women, based on the assumption that it may prevent discomfort and health problems caused by diminished circulating estrogen hormones. ... Opisthorchis viverrini - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Oral contraceptives are chemicals taken by mouth to inhibit normal fertility. ... Oral contraceptives are chemicals taken by mouth to inhibit normal fertility. ... Species Schistosoma haematobium Schistosoma haematobium is an important parasite. ... The chemical compound silicon dioxide, also known as silica, is the oxide of silicon, chemical formula SiO2. ... Quartz is the most abundant mineral in the Earths crust. ... Common in volcanic rocks, cristobalite is a high-temperature polymorph of quartz and tridymite. ... Talc block Talc is a mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate with the chemical formula H2Mg3(SiO3)4 or Mg3Si4O10(OH)2. ... Asbestos (Greek ἄσβεστος: a-, not; sbestos, extinguishable) is a group of fibrous metamorphic minerals. ... Tamoxifen:chemical structure Tamoxifen is an oral selective estrogen receptor modulator which is used in breast cancer treatment, and is currently the worlds largest selling breast cancer treatment. ... Vinyl chloride, also known as chloroethene in IUPAC nomenclature, is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce its polymer, polyvinyl chloride (PVC). ... In the NATO phonetic alphabet, X-ray represents the letter X. An X-ray picture (radiograph) taken by Röntgen An X-ray is a form of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength approximately in the range of 5 pm to 10 nanometers (corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 PHz...

Mixtures

Bottles of cachaça, a Brazilian alcoholic beverage. ... An Analgesic (colloquially known as painkiller) is any member of the diverse group of drugs used to relieve pain. ... Categories: Stub | Analgesics | Antipyretics | Sedatives ... Binomial name Areca catechu Linnaeus Areca nut, or pinang, more commonly known as betel nut, is the seed of the betel palm or Areca catechu, a species of palm tree which grows throughout the Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa. ... Pitch may refer to: Pitch is the property of a sound or musical tone measured by its perceived frequency Pitch, or tone of voice, refers to variation of tone in tonal language, and in languages with melodic accent Pitch, a throw of a baseball by a pitcher Pitch, part of... Coal tar is the liquid by-product of the distillation of coal to make coke. ... Soot, also called lampblack or carbon black, is a dark powdery deposit of unburned fuel residues, usually composed mainly of amorphous carbon, that accumulates in chimneys, automobile mufflers and other surfaces exposed to smoke—especially from the combustion of carbon-rich organic fuels in the lack of sufficient oxygen. ... Species N. glauca N. longiflora N. rustica N. sylvestris N. tabacum Ref: ITIS 30562 as of August 26, 2005 Tobacco (, L.) refers to a genus of broad-leafed plants of the nightshade family, indigenous to North and South America, or to the dried and cured leaves. ...

Exposure circumstances

General Name, Symbol, Number aluminium, Al, 13 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13, 3, p Appearance silvery Atomic mass 26. ... General Name, Symbol, Number arsenic, As, 33 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 15, 4, p Appearance metallic gray Atomic mass 74. ... Shoemaking is a traditional career/craft, mostly superseded by industrial manufacture of footwear. ... Syngas (from synthesis gas) is the name given to gasses of varying composition that are generated in coal gasification and some types of waste-to-energy facilities. ... Coke is a solid carbonaceous residue derived from low-ash, low-sulfur bituminous coal from which the volatile constituents (including water, coal-gas and coal-tar) are driven off by baking in an airless oven at temperatures as high as 1,000 degrees Celsius so that the fixed carbon and... Hematite (AE) or haematite (BE) is the mineral form of Iron (III) oxide, (Fe2O3), one of several iron oxides. ... General Name, Symbol, Number radon, Rn, 86 Chemical series noble gases Group, Period, Block 18, 6, p Appearance colorless Atomic mass (222) g/mol Electron configuration [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p6 Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 8 Physical properties Phase gas Melting point 202 K (-71 °C... For information about smoking tobacco, see tobacco smoking. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Atomic mass 55. ... Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... Isopropyl alcohol or isopropanol is a common name for 2-propanol, an alcohol commonly used for application to the skin, and popularly referred to as rubbing alcohol. ... Magenta is a color that is not a spectral color: that is to say, the hue cannot be generated by light of a single wavelength. ... A painter is a person who paints woodwork, walls, etc. ... Rubber is an elastic hydrocarbon polymer which occurs as a milky emulsion (known as latex) in the sap of a number of plants but can also be produced synthetically. ... Sulfuric acid (British English: sulphuric acid), H2SO4, is a strong mineral acid. ... Species N. glauca N. longiflora N. rustica N. sylvestris N. tabacum Ref: ITIS 30562 as of August 26, 2005 Tobacco (, L.) refers to a genus of broad-leafed plants of the nightshade family, indigenous to North and South America, or to the dried and cured leaves. ... For information about smoking tobacco, see tobacco smoking. ...

Notes

  1. This evaluation applies to the group of compounds as a whole and not necessarily to all individual compounds within the group.
  2. Evaluated as a group.
  3. There is also conclusive evidence that these agents have a protective effect against cancers of the ovary and endometrium.
  4. Specific radionuclides for which there is sufficient evidence for carcinogenicity to humans are also listed individually as Group 1 agents.
  5. There is also conclusive evidence that this agent (tamoxifen) reduces the risk of contralateral breast cancer.

  Results from FactBites:
 
List of IARC Group 1 carcinogens - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (320 words)
Substances, mixtures and exposure circumstances in this list have been classified by the IARC as Group 1: The agent (mixture) is carcinogenic to humans.
Exceptionally, an agent (mixture) may be placed in this category when evidence of carcinogenicity in humans is less than sufficient but there is sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals and strong evidence in exposed humans that the agent (mixture) acts through a relevant mechanism of carcinogenicity.
This evaluation applies to the group of compounds as a whole and not necessarily to all individual compounds within the group.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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