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Encyclopedia > List of Germanic peoples
Charlemagne, first to unify the Germanic tribal confederations. Statue (1867) in the center of Liège, Belgium.
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Charlemagne, first to unify the Germanic tribal confederations. Statue (1867) in the center of Liège, Belgium.
Emperor's banner, Holy Roman Empire. This was a Germanic entity.
Emperor's banner, Holy Roman Empire. This was a Germanic entity.

Germanic Peoples. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (966x1200, 574 KB) Summary Author : Jacques Renier Date taken : 10 JAN 2006 Place : city of Liège, Belgium Statue de Charlemagne (1867) dans le centre de Liège, Belgique Statue of Charlemagne (1867) in the center of Liège, Belgium Licensing... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (966x1200, 574 KB) Summary Author : Jacques Renier Date taken : 10 JAN 2006 Place : city of Liège, Belgium Statue de Charlemagne (1867) dans le centre de Liège, Belgique Statue of Charlemagne (1867) in the center of Liège, Belgium Licensing... Charlemagne, portrait by Albrecht Dürer. ... Image File history File links Flag_Germany_Emperors_Banner. ... Image File history File links Flag_Germany_Emperors_Banner. ...

Contents

Introduction

The first known sociologist, Aristotle, said that

"Man is an animal of the polis (politikon zoon) by nature (physei)"

The Greeks were assigning names to populations that they considered distinct based on the city-state (polis) to which they belonged. Intermingled with this system was another earlier, deriving from the idea of a family tree. Primary families were grouped into clans and they into tribes. The highest unit was the people, or race, which was considered descended from a single ancestor. If none was known, he was swiftly invented.


As a result, the classical historians conceived of history as a story unfolding between ethnic identities led by heroic men. They always named the identity: a Roman, a Germanic tribesman, the Thracians, the Carthaginians, an Athenian. It was operant even though sometimes not factual as understood: an individual behaved in a certain way because he was a Germanic tribesman and not a Roman or vice versa. Moreover these identities are often still operant today or have been replaced by those that are. The individual learns their expected behaviors and attendant lore as part of the socialization process growing up, just as an actor would learn to play a role.


The main article on this topic is about one such identity, the Germanic. The article attempts to define it and to present some of the associated ideology. This is not an idle exercise, as history and national politics are still to a large extent viewed as a story of the interactions between such groups.


Germanic identities are divided into the ancient and the contemporary. There is some overlap, as many of the ancient have descended to the contemporary.


Ancient

The elder Futhark, oldest Germanic writing system.
The elder Futhark, oldest Germanic writing system.

The ethnic names below come from ancient and mediaeval sources dating from the late 1st millennium BC to the early 2nd millennium AD. They do not necessarily represent contemporaneous, distinct or Germanic-speaking populations or have common ancestral populations. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe. Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. Some may not have spoken Germanic at all, but were bundled by the sources with the Germanic speakers. File links The following pages link to this file: Elder Futhark Categories: Runology ... File links The following pages link to this file: Elder Futhark Categories: Runology ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... http://www. ...


Some were undoubtedly of mixed culture. They may have assimilated to Germanic or to other cultures from Germanic. Long-lasting ethnic identities changed population base and language over the centuries. As for genetic characteristics, they must be considered unrelated to these names.


Apart from these limitations, it is probably safe to assume that, on the whole, most of these populations spoke some branch of Germanic and contributed to pools of descendants who currently live in the Germanic-speaking countries. Many of the names descend to modern place names.


Alphabetic list

Schleswig-Holstein, Coat of Arms
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Schleswig-Holstein, Coat of Arms
Saxony, Coat of Arms
Saxony, Coat of Arms

A Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Schleswig-Holstein. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Schleswig-Holstein. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Saxony. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Saxony. ...


Adogit, Adrabaecampi, Aelvaeones, Aeragnaricii, Ahelmil, Alamanni or Alemanni, Ambrones, Ampsivarii or Ampsivari, Angles, Anglo-Saxons, Angrivarii or Angrivari, Arochi, Augandzi, Avarpi, Aviones Tromsø, by Peder Balke, 1804–1887. ... Adrabaecampi is the scholarly transliteration into Latin of Ptolemys Adrabaikampoi, a tribe, he says, of greater Germany, dwelling on the north bank of the Danube south of the Gabreta Forest after the Marcomanni and Sudini. ... Elblag River The Helveconae, or Helvaeonae, or Helvecones, or Aelvaeones, or Ailouaiones, are names possibly referring to the same ancient population, and possibly further connected to the Hilleviones of Sweden. ... Ranrike (Old Norse Ránríki) was the old name for a part of Viken, corresponding to the northern half of the traditional Swedish province of Bohuslän (roughly the physical Alfheim of Scandinavian mythology). ... Halmstad [hulm-stɑː(d)] is a port, university, industrial and recreational city at the mouth of the river Nissan in Halland in south-western Sweden. ... The Alamanni, Allemanni, or Alemanni were an alliance of warbands formed from Germanic tribes, first mentioned by Dio Cassius when they fought Caracalla in 213. ... The Alamanni, Allemanni, or Alemanni were an alliance of warbands formed from Germanic tribes, first mentioned by Dio Cassius when they fought Caracalla in 213. ... The tribe of the Ambrones appears briefly in the sources relating to the 2nd century BC, splashes meteorically across the pages of Roman history, and just as quickly disappears. ... The Ampsivarii were a Germanic tribe mentioned by the Roman author Gaius Cornelius Tacticus, writing in the 1st century C.E. Their homeland was in what is now northwestern Germany around the river Ems, which flows into the North Sea. ... The Ampsivarii were a Germanic tribe mentioned by the Roman author Gaius Cornelius Tacticus, writing in the 1st century C.E. Their homeland was in what is now northwestern Germany around the river Ems, which flows into the North Sea. ... White cliffs of Dover in England White cliffs of Rugen down the Baltic coast from Schleswig The Angles is a modern English word for a Germanic-speaking people who took their name from the cultural ancestor of Angeln, a modern district located in Schleswig, Germany. ... The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging to King Raedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ... A view of the country around Minden, part of ancient Engern The Angrivarii were a Germanic tribe of the early Roman Empire mentioned briefly in Ptolemy as the Angriouarroi (Ptolemys Greek given in Roman letters here), which transliterates into Latin Angrivari. ... A view of the country around Minden, part of ancient Engern The Angrivarii were a Germanic tribe of the early Roman Empire mentioned briefly in Ptolemy as the Angriouarroi (Ptolemys Greek given in Roman letters here), which transliterates into Latin Angrivari. ... Charudes is the scholarly Latinization of an ethnic identity known in Ptolemy as the Charoudes. ... Agder is: A traditional district of Norway, see Agder, Vest-Agder and Aust-Agder. ... The Avarpi or Auarpoi or Avarni are a tribe of Greater Germany in Ptolemys Geography. ... The Auiones (*Awioniz meaning island people) were one of the Nerthus-worshipping tribes mentioned by Tacitus in Germania, and this tribe probably lived on Öland (Kendrick 1930:71). ...


B


Baemi, Banochaemae, Batavii or Batavi today known by Batavians, Batini, Bavarii, Bergio, Brisgavi, Brondings, Bructeri, Burgundiones, Buri The Baemi or Baimoi are a people of Ptolemy who lived in Greater Germany between the Luna forest and the Danube river. ... The Banochaemae, or Baenochaemae, or Bainochaimai, or Bonochamae were a people of Greater Germany in Ptolemy. ... The Batavii (or Batavi, Batavians) were a Germanic, or possibly Celtic tribe reported by Julius Caesar and Tacitus to have lived around the Rhine delta, in the area which is currently the Netherlands. ... The Batini or Bateinoi are a tribe of greater Germany in Ptolemy, located to the east of the Banochaemae, who were near the upper Elbe. ... Bavarii was a large and powerful tribe which emerged late in Teutonic tribal times, in what is now the Czech Republic (Bohemia). ... The Brisgavi (or Brisigavi, German: Breisgauer) were an Alamannic tribe in the 5th century in the southern region of the Black Forest in south Germany. ... The Brondings were a Germanic tribe or clan. ... The Bructeri were a Germanic tribe located in northwestern Germany (Soester Boerde), between the Lippe and Ems rivers south of the Teutoburg Forest, in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia around 100 BC through 350 AD. They formed an alliance with the Cherusci, the Marsi (Germanic) and the Chatti, under the... The Burgundians or Burgundes were an East Germanic tribe which may have emigrated from Scandinavia to the island of Bornholm, whose old form in Old Norse still was Burgundarholmr (the Island of the Burgundians), and from here to mainland Europe. ... The Buri first appear in history as a Germanic tribe mentioned in the Germania of Tacitus, where they close the back of the Marcomanni and Quadi of Bohemia and Moravia. ...


C


Calucones, Canninefates, Casuari, Caritni, Chaedini, Chaemae, Chaetuori, Chali, Chamavi, Charudes, Chasuarii, Chattuarii, Chauci, Cherusci, Chatti, Cimbri, Cobandi, Condrusi, Corconti, Crimean Goths, Curiones The Calucones were a Germanic tribe mentioned by a few of the classical sources, but not all. ... Canninefates or Canenefatae comes from Canene (Latin: onion) and fatae (Latin: lords). ... The Caritni, a Latinization, or the Karitnoi in the Greek of Ptolemys Geography (2. ... The Chaedini (Latinized form) or Chaideinoi or Khaideinoi (Greek forms) are a Germanic people that are listed only in the Geography of Ptolemy. ... The name, Chaemae, is a Latinization of an ancient Germanic tribal name cited by Ptolemy in his Geography (2. ... The Chali, a Latinized form of the Khaloi or Chaloi of Ptolemys Greek, were a people of Greater Germany (Geography 2. ... The Chamavi first appear under that name in the 1st century AD Germania of Tacitus as a Germanic tribe that, for most of their history, existed along the north bank of the lower Rhine in the region today called Hamaland after them. ... Charudes is the scholarly Latinization of an ethnic identity known in Ptolemy as the Charoudes. ... The Chasuarii were a Germanic tribe mentioned by Tacitus in the Germania. ... The Chatti (also Catti) were an ancient Germanic tribe settled in central and northern Hesse and southern Lower Saxony, along the upper reaches of the Weser river and in the valleys and mountains of the Eder, Fulda and Werra river regions, a district approximately corresponding to Hesse-Cassel, though probably... The Chauci were a populous Germanic tribe inhabiting the extreme northwestern shore of Germany during Roman times - basically the stretch of coast between Frisia in the west to the Elbe estuary in the east. ... The Cherusci were a Germanic tribe inhabiting the Rhine valley and the plains and forests of northwestern Germany (between near modern Osnabrück and Hanover) during the 1st century BCE and 1st century CE. They were first allies and then enemies of Rome. ... The Chatti (also Catti) were an ancient Germanic tribe settled in central and northern Hesse and southern Lower Saxony, along the upper reaches of the Weser river and in the valleys and mountains of the Eder, Fulda and Werra river regions, a district approximately corresponding to Hesse-Cassel, though probably... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Cimbrian War. ... The Cobandi, Greek Kobandoi, were a people of Ptolemys Geography (2. ... The Condrusi were a tribe of ancient Belgium, which takes its name from the political and ethnic group known to the Romans as the Belgae. ... The Corconti or Korkontoi were a tribe of Greater Germany in the Geography of Ptolemy (2. ... The least-powerful, least-known, and paradoxically longest-lived Gothic communities were those that remained in the lands around the Black Sea, especially in the Crimea. ...


D


Danduti, Dani, Dauciones, Diduni, Dulgubnii, Dutch, Danes The Daner were an ancient North Germanic tribe residing in Terra Scania and on the Danish islands. ... The Daukiones or Dauciones were a Germanic tribe mentioned by Ptolemy as living in Scandinavia. ... The Diduni or Dunii were a tribe of Germania mentioned only by the 2nd century geographer Claudius Ptolemy. ... The Dulgubnii are Germanic tribe mentioned in Tacitus Germania (Chapter 34) as being on the east side of the Frisians. ...


E


Eburones, Eudoses, Eunixi, Evagre, The Eburones were a Belgic tribe based of north-eastern Gaul in the 1st century BC. Julius Caesar describes them as being of Germanic origin. ... The Jutes were a Germanic people who are believed to have originated in Jylland (Jutland) in modern Denmark and part of the Frisian coast. ...


F


Faroese, Favonae, Fervir, Finni, Firaesi, Flemish, Forsi, Franks, Frisians, Fundusi Favonae is a Latinization of Greek Phauonai, the name of a people in Ptolemy’s Geography (2. ... The Firaesi (Latinization) or Phiraisoi (original Greek) are a Scandinavian people listed in Ptolemy’s Geography (2. ... The term Flemings (Dutch: ) is currently mostly used to refer to the ethnic group native to Flanders (the northern half of Belgium, historically part of the Southern Netherlands), which in total numbers about 6 million people in Belgium (the majority of all Belgians) . The term also designates, not only the... For other uses, see Franks (disambiguation). ... The Frisians are an ethnic group of northwestern Europe, inhabiting an area known as Frisia. ...


G


Gambrivii, Gauthigoth, Geats, Gepidae, Goths, Grannii Geats (Gautar Old Norse or Götar in Swedish) is the Old English spelling of the name of a Scandinavian people living in Götaland, land of the Geats, currently within the borders of modern Sweden. ... The Gepids (Latin Gepidae) were a Germanic tribe most famous in history for defeating the Huns after the death of Attila. ... Invasion of the Goths: a late 19th century painting by O. Fritsche portrays the Goths as cavalrymen. ...


H


Hallin, Harii, Harudes, Hasdingi, Helisii, Helveconae, Heruli, Hermunduri, Hilleviones, Horder Among the Germanic tribes in Gaul mentioned by Tacitus in his Germania were the Harii. ... Charudes is the scholarly Latinization of an ethnic identity known in Ptolemy as the Charoudes. ... The Hasdingii were the southern tribes of the Vandals. ... The Helisii are one of the tribal states of the Lugii in Tacitus (Germania 43). ... The Helveconae, or Helvaeonae, or Helvecones, or Aelvaeones, or Ailouaiones, are names possibly referring to the same population, and possibly further connected to the Hilleviones of Sweden. ... The Heruli (spelled variously in Latin and Greek) were a nomadic Germanic people, who were subjugated by the Ostrogoths, Huns, and Byzantines in the 3rd to 5th centuries. ... An ancient tribe of Germanic people who occupied the area around what is now Thuringia, Saxony, and Northern Bavaria, from roughly around 1 AD, to 400 AD. -Alternate spellings: Hermunduri, Hermunduli, Hermonduri, Hermonduli ... The Hilleviones were the occupants of Scandinavia in the first few centuries BC, according to Pliny the Elder (Naturalis Historia, Book 4, Chapter 27. ... Charudes is the scholarly Latinization of an ethnic identity known in Ptolemy as the Charoudes. ...


I


Ingriones, Ingvaeones (North Sea Germans), Intuergi, Irminones (Elbe Germans), Istvaeones (Rhine-Weser Germans) Icelander Also referred to as Ingaevones, North Sea Germans (Ingwäonen, Nordsee-Germanen in German). ... Also referred to as Herminones, Hermiones, Elbe Germans (Irminonen, sometimes called Elb-Germanen in German), a Germanic proto-tribe or cultural group. ... The Istvaeones (also called Istaevones, Istriaones, Istriones, Sthraones, Thracones, Rhine Germans or Weser-Rhine Germans (Istwäonen, Weser-Rhein-Germanen in German)) were a West Germanic cultural group or proto-tribe. ...


J


Jutes, Juthungi Jutland peninsula The Jutes were a Germanic people who are believed to have originated from Jutland in modern Denmark and part of the Frisian coast. ... The Juthungi (German: Juthungen, Greek: Iouthungi, Latine: Iuthungi) were an Alemannic tribe in the region north of the rivers Danube and Altmühl in the modern state of Bavaria. ...


L


Lacringi, Landi, Lemovii, Levoni, Lombards or Langobardes, Liothida, Lugii The Lacringi are a people who received brief mention in ancient history for their role in the border wars conducted by the peoples along the Danube against the emperor, Marcus Aurelius. ... Onomastics and disambiguational information about Land Variations On onomastics in Judaism, there are many Land- type lastnames; Lande, Landeck, Landelinsky, Landendorff, Lander, Landerburg, Landesberg, Landesberger, Landesman, Landman, Landmann, Landsberg, Landshut, Landskron, Landskroner, Landskronski, Landsman, Landstein, Landy. ... The Lemovii was a Germanic tribe which was only named by Tacitus. ... The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, whence the alternative name Longobards found in older English texts), were a Germanic people originally from Northern Europe that entered the late Roman Empire. ... The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, from which the alternative name Longobards found in older English texts), were a Germanic people originally from Scandinavia that entered the late Roman Empire. ... The green area is the Przeworsk culture identified with the Lugians. ...


M


Manimi, Marcomanni, Marsi, Marsigni, Marvingi, Mattiaci, Mixi, Mugilones The Marcomanni were a Germanic tribe, probably related to the Suebi or Suevi. ... The Marsi (German: Marser) were a small Germanic tribe settled between the Rhine, Ruhr and Lippe rivers in northwest Germany. ... The Mattiaci were an ancient, probably Germanic tribe located on the right side of the Rhine in the area of Wiesbaden and the Wetterau. ... mixi, Inc. ...


N


Naharvali, Narisci or Naristi, Nemetes, Nertereanes, Nervii, Njars, Norn, Nuitones, Norwegians The Varisci (german Varisker) were a Germanic tribe, the presumed prior inhabitants of a mediaeval district, Provincia Variscorum, the same (in presumption) as the Vogtland district of Saxony in Germany. ... The Varisci (german Varisker) were a Germanic tribe, the presumed prior inhabitants of a mediaeval district, Provincia Variscorum, the same (in presumption) as the Vogtland district of Saxony in Germany. ... The Nervii were one of the most powerful Belgic tribes, living east of the Scheldt in northern Gaul in the 1st century BC. They were of Germanic origin and must have settled in their country in c. ... Ancient name for the inhabitants of Nericia. ... The Norns The Norns of the Norse Mythology are three old crones by the names of Urd (fate), Skuld (necessity) and Verdandi (in the making). ... The Nuithones were one of the Nerthus-worshipping Germanic tribes mentioned by Tacitus in Germania. ...


O


Ostrogoths, Otingis This article deals with the continental Ostrogoths. ...


P


Parmaecampi, Pharodini


Q


Quadi The Quadi were a smaller Germanic tribe, about which little definitive information is known. ...


R


Racatae, Racatriae, Ranii, Raumarici, Reudigni, Rugii, Ruticli Ranrike (Old Norse Ránríki) was the old name for a part of Viken, corresponding to the northern half of the traditional Swedish province of Bohuslän (roughly the physical Alfheim of Scandinavian mythology). ... The Reudigni were one of the Nerthus-worshipping tribes mentioned by Tacitus in Germania. ... The Rugians (Latin rugii) were an East Germanic tribe whose ultimate origins have been traced to Rogaland in Norway, whose population probably was the Rugii that Jordanes mentioned as a tribe that still remained in Scandza. ...


S


Sabalingi, Saxons, Scirii, Segni, Semnoni or Semnones, Sibini, Sidini, Sigulones, Silingi, Sitones, Suarini or Suardones, Suebi or Suevi, Suetidi, Suiones, Sugambri, Swedes Map showing the Saxons homeland in traditional region bounded by the three rivers: Weser, Eider, and Elbe Src: Freemans Historical Geographys. The Saxons or Saxon people are (nowadays) part of the German people with its main areas of settlements in the German States of Schleswig-Holstein, Lower Saxony, Saxony... The Scirii (also Skiri or Scirians) were a grouping of East Germanic peoples, attested in historical works between the 2nd century BC and 5th century AD. The etymology of their name is unclear, but may mean clean- or pure-bloods as opposed to the neighbouring tribe of Bastarnae mixed-bloods... Segni, in the Latin language called Signinsis, is an Italian city located in the Province of Rome. ... The Semnones were a Germanic tribe which was settled between the Elbe and the Oder in the 1st century when they were described by Tacitus. ... The Semnones were a Germanic tribe which was settled between the Elbe and the Oder in the 1st century when they were described by Tacitus. ... A subdivision of the vandals, an East Germanic tribe. ... The Sitones were mysterious, or mythical, Germanic people. ... The Suarines were one of the Nerthus-worshipping Germanic tribes mentioned by Tacitus in Germania. ... Suebi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Suebi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Sweden in the 12th century before the incorporation of Finland during the 13th century. ... This article or section should include material from Sigambrer The Sugambri, Sigambrer or Sicambri were a west Germanic tribe which existed during the time of the Roman Empire. ...


T


Taetel, Tencteri, Teuriochaemae, Teutonoari, Teutons, Theustes, Thuringii, Toxandri, Treveri, Triboci, Tubantes, Tungri, Turcilingi, Turoni This entry is about the Teutonic people, not to be confused with the Teutonic Knights. ... The Thuringii were a tribe which appeared later than most in the highlands of central Germany, a region which still bears their name to this day -- Thuringia. ... The Toxandri were a West-Germanic tribe who settled in nowadays North Brabant (Netherlands) and Antwerp (Flanders) during the first centuries after the birth of Christ. ... The Treveri tribe of Gaul inhabited the lower valley of the Moselle, within the southern fringes of the vast Arduenna Silva (Ardennes Forest). ... The Tungri were a tribe of ancient Gaul who occupied the lands of the northern Arduenna Silva (Ardennes), along the lower valley of the Mosa (Meuse). ...


U


Ubii, Ulmerugi, Usipetes, Usipi or Usippi The Ubii were a Germanic tribe first encountered dwelling on the right bank of the Rhine in the time of Julius Caesar, who formed an alliance with them in 55 BC in order to launch attacks across the river. ... The Rugians (Latin rugii) were an East Germanic tribe whose ultimate origins have been traced to Rogaland in Norway, whose population probably was the Rugii that Jordanes mentioned as a tribe that still remained in Scandza. ... The Usipetes were a Germanic tribe that existed during the 1st century. ... The Usipi were a German tribe whose territory lay on the right bank of the Rhine (and thus outside the Roman Empire, in Germania), probably between the valleys of the Lahn and Sieg. ... The Usipi were a German tribe whose territory lay on the right bank of the Rhine (and thus outside the Roman Empire, in Germania), probably between the valleys of the Lahn and Sieg. ...


V


Vagoth, Vandals, Vangiones, Vargiones, Varini, Varisci, Vinoviloth, Viruni, Visburgi, Visigoths, Vispi The Vagoths were a Germanic tribe mentioned by Jordanes. ... The Vandals sacking Rome, by Heinrich Leutemann (1824-1904) Vandal and Vandali redirect here. ... The Vangiones were a tribe of the Belgae originally from the Upper Rhine valley. ... The Varni (Procopius), Varini (Tacitus), Varinnae (Pliny the Elder), Wærns/Werns (Widsith) and Warnii (the Thuringian Law) probably refer to a little known Germanic tribe. ... The Varisci were a Germanic tribe, the presumed prior inhabitants of a mediaeval district, Provincia Variscorum, the same (in presumption) as the Vogtland district of Saxony in Germany. ... The Visigoths, originally Tervingi, or Vesi (the noble ones), one of the two main branches of the Goths (of which the Ostrogothi were the other), were one of the loosely-termed Germanic peoples that disturbed the late Roman Empire. ...


Z


Zumi


Links to maps

Some tribal maps of Germania can be found at:

  • Germania of Tacitus
  • A speculative Findlay map of 1849

These maps or any other maps represent an interpretation of the information available to the map-maker. Typically the ancients did not know or did not leave enough information for us to locate them exactly. The maps only give us a rough idea of the features and ethnic locations of Germania. In addition, some of tribes, e.g. the Bastarnae are not identified as Germanic with any certainty and large areas in Central Europe the Germanic tribes probably only constituted a newly arrived minority among Slavs and remaining Celts. Wolfram (1990:91f), for instance, points out that the early Visigoths, called Tervingi also comprised many Taifalans (unknown origin) and Alans (Iranians). The Alans became so Gothicized that non-Germanic people considered them to be Goths. Migrations The Visigoths were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ... The Alans, Alani, Alauni or Halani were an Iranian nomadic group among the Sarmatian people, warlike nomadic pastoralists of varied backgrounds, who spoke an Iranian language and to a large extent shared a common culture. ...


Contemporary

No contemporary list of Germanic ethnic characters can be devised that will satisfy the ideology of every individual who considers himself to be playing a role in the Germanic saga. The entities below are based primarily but not exclusively on language. It is known in historical linguistics that people under the same polity speak or want to speak the same language, and eventually do. This article does not aim at participating in the great process of defining the self. It merely recounts the major roles in the Germanic saga. Individuals, of course, may play them well or badly, or fit them well or not well, but individual status regarding social identity is not the topic.


List organized by language

The Anglo-Frisian languages (also known as Ingvaeonic languages or North Sea Germanic languages) are a group of West Germanic languages consisting of Old English, Old Frisian, and their descendants. ... The English are an ethnic group originating in the lowlands of Great Britain and are descendent primarily from the Anglo-Saxons, the Celts with minor influences from the Scandanavians and other groups. ... Scots or Lallans (Eng: Lowlands), sometimes called Lowland Scots to distinguish it from the Gaelic language of the Highlands, is a West Germanic language used in Scotland, parts of Northern Ireland, and border areas of the Republic of Ireland, where it is known in official circles as Ulster Scots or... The Norse-Gaels were a people who dominated much of the Irish Sea region and western Scotland for a large part of the Middle Ages, whose aristocracy were mainly of Scandinavian origin, but as a whole exhibited a great deal of Gaelic and Norse cultural syncretism. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... The Frisians are an ethnic group of northwestern Europe, inhabiting an area known as Frisia. ... Flemings (Dutch: Vlamingen) are inhabitants of Flanders in the widest sense of the term, i. ... Afrikaners (sometimes known as Boers) are white South Africans, predominantly of Calvinist German, French Huguenot, Friesian and Walloons descent who speak Afrikaans. ... Ethnic Germans (usually simply called Germans, in German Volksdeutsche) are those who are considered, by themselves or others, to be ethnically German rather than anything else but who do not live within the Federal Republic of Germany nor hold its citizenship. ... The term Alemannic can have several meanings. ... Germany. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Alsatian can refer to: A person from Alsace, France The Alsatian language A German Shepherd Dog This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Vorarlberg is the westernmost state (Land) of Austria. ... Bavarian can either when used as an adjective, refer to the German state of Bavaria; or refer to the Bavarian or Austro-Bavarian language, a group of closely related dialects spoken in parts of Bavaria, most of Austria and the South Tyrol. ... Motto: Luxembourgish: Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn (English: We wish to remain what we are) Anthem: Ons Hémécht (Our Homeland) Royal anthem: De Wilhelmus 1 Capital Luxembourg Largest city Luxembourg French, German, Luxembourgish (de jure since 1984) Government Grand duchy  - Grand Duke Grand Duke Henri (List...

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