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Encyclopedia > List of French monarchs
See also: List of Queens and Empresses of France
Coronation of Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile at Reims in 1223; a miniature from the Grandes Chroniques de France, painted in the 1450s, kept at the National Library of France
Coronation of Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile at Reims in 1223; a miniature from the Grandes Chroniques de France, painted in the 1450s, kept at the National Library of France

The monarchs of France ruled, first as kings and later as emperors, from the Middle Ages to 1870. There is some disagreement as to when France came into existence. The earliest date would be the establishment of the Merovingian Frankish kingdom by Clovis I in 486 with the defeat of Syagrius, the last Roman official in Gaul. That kingdom's rulers were deposed in the 8th century. The Treaty of Verdun established the Kingdom of Western Francia in 843. Another date favored by many medieval historians is 987, the beginning of the Capetian Dynasty, and of rule by the Direct Capetians. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... This is a list of the women who have been Queens consort or Empresses consort of the realm of France. ... Image File history File links Coronation_of_Louis_VIII_and_Blanche_of_Castile_1223. ... Image File history File links Coronation_of_Louis_VIII_and_Blanche_of_Castile_1223. ... Blanche of Castile (March 4, 1188 – November 26, 1252), wife of Louis VIII of France. ... Reims (English traditionally Rheims) (pronounced in French) is a city of northern France, 144 km (89 miles) east-northeast of Paris. ... The word miniature, derived from the Latin minium, red lead, is a picture in an ancient or medieval manuscript; the simple decoration of the early codices having been miniated or delineated with that pigment. ... Philip Augustus captures Tours in 1189. ... The new buildings of the library. ... Armenian king Tigranes the Great. ... Emperor is also a Norwegian black metal band; see Emperor (band). ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... There are other articles with similar names; see Merovingian (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Frankish people and society. ... Clovis I (variously spelled Chlodowech or Chlodwig, giving modern French Louis and modern German Ludwig) (c. ... The captured Syagrius is brought before Alaric II who orders him sent to Clovis I Afranius Syagrius (born 430, died 486 or 487) was the son of Aegidius, the last Roman magister militum per Gallias, who had preserved a rump state around Soissons after the collapse of central rule in... Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. ... Gaul (Latin: ) was the name given,in ancient times, to the region of Western Europe comprising present-day northern Italy, France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ... Geopolitical divisions according to the Treaty of Verdun. ... The Frankish Empire after the treaties of Verdun and Meerssen. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with House of Capet. ... The House of Capet includes any of the direct descendants of Robert the Strong. ...


However, the relevance of such traditional outlooks on the origins of modern nations is historically dubious (see below for recent studies). In light of these recent trends, this list begins with Charles the Bald and the Kingdom of Western Francia, originating in 843, the state which would directly evolve into modern France. For earlier Frankish monarchs, see List of Frankish Kings. The Franks were originally lead by dukes (military leaders) and reguli (petty kings). ...


In addition to the monarchs listed below, the Kings of England and Great Britain from 1340-1360 and 1369-1801 also claimed the title of King of France. For a short time, this had some basis in fact - under the terms of the 1420 Treaty of Troyes, Charles VI had recognized his son-in-law Henry V of England as regent and heir. Henry V predeceased Charles VI and so his son, Henry VI, succeeded his grandfather as King of France. Most of Northern France was under English control until 1435, but by 1453, the English had been expelled from all of France save Calais (and the Channel Islands), and Calais itself fell in 1558. Nevertheless, English monarchs continued to claim the title until the creation of the United Kingdom in 1801. Various English kings between 1337 and 1422 had also claimed the title of King of France, but only intermittently. This is a list of British monarchs, that is, the monarchs on the thrones of some of the various kingdoms that have existed on, or incorporated, the island of Great Britain, namely: England (united with Wales from 1536) up to 1707; Scotland up to 1707; The Kingdom of Great Britain... The English claims to the French throne have a long and rather complex history between the 1340s and the 1800s. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Charles VI Charles VI the Well-Beloved, later known as the Mad (French: Charles VI le Bien-Aimé, later known as le Fol) (December 3, 1368 – October 21, 1422) was a King of France (1380 – 1422) and a member of the Valois Dynasty. ... Henry V of England (16 September 1387 – 31 August 1422) was one of the great warrior kings of the Middle Ages. ... Henry VI (December 6, 1421 – May 21, 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 (though with a Regent until 1437) and then from 1470 to 1471, and King of France from 1422 to 1453. ... Calais (Kales in Dutch) is a town in northern France, located at 50°57N 1°52E. It is in the département of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... This article is about the British dependencies. ...


The title "King of the Franks" (Latin: Rex Francorum) remained in use until the reign of Philip IV. During the brief period when the French Constitution of 1791 was in effect (1791-1792) and after the July Revolution in 1830, the style "King of the French" was used instead of "King of France (and Navarre)". It was a constitutional innovation known as popular monarchy which linked the monarch's title to the people, not to the territory of France. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Philip IV the Fair (French: Philippe IV le Bel) (1268 – November 29, 1314) was King of France from 1285 until his death. ... The short-lived French Constitution of 1791, adopted by the National Constituent Assembly during the period now known as the French Revolution, went into effect in September 1791 but, due to a series of constitutional crises, had effectively ceased to function as a national constitution by August 1792. ... // The French Revolution of 1830, also known as the July Revolution, saw the overthrow of King Charles X, the last of the House of Bourbons, and the ascension of his cousin Louis-Philippe, the Duc dOrléans, who himself, after eighteen precarious years on the throne, would in turn... A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... Popular Monarchy is a system of monarchical governance in which the monarchs title is linked with the people rather than a unitary state. ...

See also List of Frankish Kings

The name of France comes from the Germanic tribe known as the Franks. The Merovingian kings began as mere chieftains, the oldest known being Pharamond. Clovis I was the first of these to rise to true kingship. After his death, his kingdom was split between his sons into Soissons (Neustria), Paris, Orleans (Burgundy), and Metz (Austrasia). Various other kingdoms would continue to break apart and be formed as the various Merovingian kings warred with each other. The Franks were originally lead by dukes (military leaders) and reguli (petty kings). ... This article is about the Frankish people and society. ... There are other articles with similar names; see Merovingian (disambiguation). ... Duke Pharamond Pharamond (c. ... Clovis I (variously spelled Chlodowech or Chlodwig, giving modern French Louis and modern German Ludwig) (c. ... Neustria & Austrasia The territory of Neustria originated in A.D. 511, made up of the regions from Aquitaine to the English Channel, approximating most of the north of present-day France, with Paris and Soissons as its main cities. ... Coat of arms of the second Duchy of Burgundy and later of the French province of Burgundy Burgundy (French: ; German: ) is a historic region of France, inhabited in turn by Celts (Gauls), Romans (Gallo-Romans), and various Germanic peoples, most importantly the Burgundians and the Franks; the former gave their... Austrasia & Neustria Austrasia formed the north-eastern portion of the Kingdom of the Merovingian Franks, comprising parts of the territory of present-day eastern France, western Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands. ...


The Carolingians overpowered the Merovingian kings. First they became their majordomos (mayor of the palace) in Austrasia. Eventually, they united the entire Frankish kingdom for the first time since Clovis. With Mayor Pippin the Younger, the Merovingians were completely phased out. The Carolingian Dynasty would be the first true French monarchy. The great and extended kingdom of Pippin's son, the legendary Charlemagne (Charles I), was split by Louis I (Louis the Pious). In 843, while Louis's son Lothair was in power, the great Frankish kingdom was split. The Eastern Kingdom became Germany, the Middle Kingdom became Lotharingia and later part of the Holy Roman Empire, and the Western Kingdom became France. Charles the Bald was the first ruler of the independent West Franks (France). The Carolingians were a dynasty of rulers that eventually controlled the Frankish realm and its successors from the 8th to the 10th century, officially taking over the kingdom from the Merovingian dynasty in 751. ... Pippin the Younger Pippin the Younger or Pepin[1] (714 – September 24, 768), often known under the mistranslation Pippin the Short or the ordinal Pippin III, was the king of the Franks from 751 to 768 and is best known for being the father of Charlemagne, or Charles the Great. ... Charlemagne and Pippin the Hunchback. ... Louis the Pious, contemporary depiction from 826 as a miles Christi (soldier of Christ), with a poem of Rabanus Maurus overlaid. ... Lothair I Lothair I (German: Lothar, French: Lothaire, Italian: Lotario) (795 – 2 March 855), king of Italy (818 – 855) and Holy Roman Emperor (840 – 855), was the eldest son of the emperor Louis the Pious and his wife Ermengarde of Hesbaye, daughter of Ingerman, duke of Hesbaye. ... Lotharingia (yellow), as established by the Treaty of Verdun, 843, and reduced by the Treaty of Mersen, 870 Lotharingia was a short-lived kingdom in western Europe, the aggregate of territories belonging to Lothair, King of Lotharingia (reigned 855–869), who received it in 855 from his father, Lothair I... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... Charles the Bald - Detail from a painting in the First Bible of Charles the Bald, painted ca. ...

Contents

Carolingian Dynasty (843 to 987)

Portrait Name King From King Until
Charles II the Bald 843 October 6, 877
Louis II the Stammerer October 6, 877 April 10, 879
Louis III April 10, 879 August 5, 882
Carloman April 10, 879 December 6, 884
Charles III the Fat 885 January 13, 888
Odo
(Eudes Ier)
February 29, 888 January 1, 898
Charles III the Simple January 1, 898 June 30, 922
Robert I June 30, 922 June 15, 923
Rudolph
(Raoul de France)
July 13, 923 January 14, 936
Louis IV from Overseas June 19, 936 September 10, 954
Lothair
(Lothaire de France)
November 12, 954 March 2, 986
Louis V the Lazy June 8, 986 May 22, 987

Also see: France in the Middle Ages. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 432 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (447 × 620 pixel, file size: 577 KB, MIME type: image/png) Charles II le Chauve Bibliothèque Nationale de france Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the... Charles the Bald - Detail from a painting in the First Bible of Charles the Bald, painted ca. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... The Danes take Exeter Indravarman II succeeds Jayavarman III as ruler of the Khmer Empire. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Louis the Stammerer (November 1, 846 – April 10, 879), also known as Louis II and Louis le Begue, was the son of Charles II and Ermentrude of Orléans. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... The Danes take Exeter Indravarman II succeeds Jayavarman III as ruler of the Khmer Empire. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Wilfred the Hairy, Count of Barcelona, founded the benedictine monastery at Ripoll. ... Image File history File links King_Louis_III.gif Summary Roy Louis III Licensing This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less. ... Louis III (c. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Wilfred the Hairy, Count of Barcelona, founded the benedictine monastery at Ripoll. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Carloman, King of the West Franks becomes sole king upon the death of his brother. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Carloman (c. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Wilfred the Hairy, Count of Barcelona, founded the benedictine monastery at Ripoll. ... December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events May 15 - Pope Marinus I dies. ... Image File history File links Charles_the_Fat. ... Romantic portrait of Charles. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year A.D. 888. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Odo (or Eudes) (c. ... is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year A.D. 888. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Accession of Pope John IX Accession of King Kasyapa IV of Sri Lanka Magyar army headed by Álmos besieges Kiev Magyar tribes found state of Szekesfahervar in Hungary Bologna joins Italian Kingdom End of Yodit era in Ethiopia Foundation of Bhaktapur in Nepal Births Deaths Category: ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (472x643, 77 KB) Charles III le Simple Bibliothèque Nationale de france File links The following pages link to this file: List of French monarchs ... Charles the Simple or Charles (September 17, 879 - October 7, 929) was a member of the Carolingian dynasty. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Accession of Pope John IX Accession of King Kasyapa IV of Sri Lanka Magyar army headed by Álmos besieges Kiev Magyar tribes found state of Szekesfahervar in Hungary Bologna joins Italian Kingdom End of Yodit era in Ethiopia Foundation of Bhaktapur in Nepal Births Deaths Category: ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Births Deaths March 26 - Al-Hallaj, Sufi writer and teacher Categories: 922 ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Robert I (c. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Births Deaths March 26 - Al-Hallaj, Sufi writer and teacher Categories: 922 ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events June 15 - Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France is killed, King Charles the Simple is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (467x637, 68 KB) Raoul Ier Bibliothèque Nationale de France File links The following pages link to this file: List of French monarchs ... Rudolph of Burgundy (also Raoul or Ralph) (died January 15, 936) was duke of Burgundy between 921/923 and King of Western Francia from this date to his death. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events June 15 - Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France is killed, King Charles the Simple is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events King Taejo of Goryeo (Wanggeon) defeats Hubaekje. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (453x630, 71 KB) Louis IV dOutremer Bibliothèque Nationale de France File links The following pages link to this file: List of French monarchs ... Louis IV dOutremer: King of France 936 to 954, member of the Carolingian dynasty. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events King Taejo of Goryeo (Wanggeon) defeats Hubaekje. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events King Malcolm I of Scotland is killed in battle against Highlanders. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (474x654, 77 KB) Lothaire Bibliothèque Nationale de France File links The following pages link to this file: List of French monarchs ... Lothair (941-986), king of France, son of Louis IV and Gerberge of Saxony, succeeded his father in 954, and was at first under the guardianship of Hugh the Great, duke of the Franks, and then under that of his maternal uncle Bruno, archbishop of Cologne. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events King Malcolm I of Scotland is killed in battle against Highlanders. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 2 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks End of the reign of Emperor Kazan of Japan Emperor Ichijo ascends to the throne of Japan Explorer Bjarni Herjólfsson becomes the first inhabitant of the Old World to sight North America Births Deaths March 2 - Lothair, King of... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Louis V (c. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 2 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks End of the reign of Emperor Kazan of Japan Emperor Ichijo ascends to the throne of Japan Explorer Bjarni Herjólfsson becomes the first inhabitant of the Old World to sight North America Births Deaths March 2 - Lothair, King of... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Hugh Capet, Count of Paris, crowned King of France Kukulcan conquers Chichen Itza Births Deaths May 21 King Louis V of France Categories: 987 ...

Capetian Dynasty, Direct Capetians (987 to 1328)

The Capetian Dynasty, the male-line descendants of Hugh Capet ruled France continuously from 987 to 1792 and again from 1814 to 1848. The branches of the dynasty which ruled after 1328, however, are generally given the specific branch names of Valois and Bourbon. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with House of Capet. ... The House of Capet includes any of the direct descendants of Robert the Strong. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with House of Capet. ...

Portrait Name King From King Until
Hugh Capet
(Hugues Capet)
July 3, 987 October 24, 996
Robert II the Pious October 24, 996 July 20, 1031
Henry I
(Henri Ier)
July 20, 1031 August 4, 1060
Philip I
(Philippe Ier)
August 4, 1060 July 29, 1108
Louis VI the Fat July 29, 1108 August 1, 1137
Louis VII the Young August 1, 1137 September 18, 1180
Philip II
(Philippe-Auguste)
September 18, 1180 July 14, 1223
Louis VIII the Lion July 14, 1223 November 8, 1226
Louis IX
(Saint Louis)
November 8, 1226 August 25, 1270
Philip III the Bold
(Philippe III de France, le Hardi)
August 25, 1270 October 5, 1285
Philip IV the Fair
(Philippe IV de France, le Bel)
October 5, 1285 November 29, 1314
Louis X the Quarreller November 29, 1314 June 5, 1316
John I the Posthumous
(Jean Ier de France, le Posthume)
November 15, 1316 November 20, 1316
Philip V the Tall
(Philippe V de France, le Long)
November 20, 1316 January 3, 1322
Charles IV the Handsome January 3, 1322 February 1, 1328

Image File history File links Hugues_capet. ... An imagined image of Hugh Capet; no images of Hugh exist. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Hugh Capet, Count of Paris, crowned King of France Kukulcan conquers Chichen Itza Births Deaths May 21 King Louis V of France Categories: 987 ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March/April - Pope John XV dies before being being able to coronate Otto III, King of Germany as Holy Roman Emperor. ... Image File history File links Robert_II_of_France. ... Robert II the Pious (French: Robert II le Pieux) (March 27, 972 – July 20, 1031) was King of France from 996 to 1031. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March/April - Pope John XV dies before being being able to coronate Otto III, King of Germany as Holy Roman Emperor. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Collapse of the Moorish Caliphate of Córdoba. ... Image File history File links Henri_I.jpg Summary Roy Henri I Licensing This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less. ... Henry I (French: Henri Ier) (May 4, 1008–August 4, 1060) was King of France from 1031 to 1060. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Collapse of the Moorish Caliphate of Córdoba. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events May - The Norman leader Robert Guiscard conquers Taranto. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (464x642, 74 KB) Philippe Ier Bibliothèque Nationale de France File links The following pages link to this file: List of French monarchs ... Philip I (French: Philippe Ier) (May 23, 1052 – July 29, 1108) was King of France from 1060 to 1108. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events May - The Norman leader Robert Guiscard conquers Taranto. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events May - Battle of Ucles Consecration of Chichester cathedral Saint Magnus becomes the first earl of Orkney In Pistoia, Italy, Cathedral of San Zeno burned to the ground. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (477x662, 78 KB) Louis VI le Gros Bibliothèque Nationale de France File links The following pages link to this file: List of French monarchs ... Louis VI the Fat (French: Louis VI le Gros) (December 1, 1081 – August 1, 1137) was King of France from 1108 to 1137. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events May - Battle of Ucles Consecration of Chichester cathedral Saint Magnus becomes the first earl of Orkney In Pistoia, Italy, Cathedral of San Zeno burned to the ground. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Groups BL1137 is the (now defunct) Unix group at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, NJ where Unix and C were invented. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (445x634, 62 KB) Louis VII le Jeune Bibliothèque Nationale de France File links The following pages link to this file: Louis VII of France ... Louis VII the Younger (French: Louis VII le Jeune) (1120 – September 18, 1180) was King of France from 1137 to 1180. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Groups BL1137 is the (now defunct) Unix group at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, NJ where Unix and C were invented. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (455x656, 79 KB) Philippe II Auguste sur son trône, une fleur de lis dans la main droite. ... Philip II Augustus (French: Philippe II Auguste) (August 21, 1165 – July 14, 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events August 6 - Louis VIII is crowned King of France. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (447x669, 70 KB) Louis VIII le Lion Bibliothèque Nationale de France File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): List of French monarchs Louis VIII of France ... Louis VIII the Lion (5 September 1187 – 8 November 1226) reigned as King of France from 1223 to 1226. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events August 6 - Louis VIII is crowned King of France. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Carmelite Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II calls Imperial Diet of Cremona Births June 21 - King Boleslaus V of Poland (died 1279) Abul-Faraj, Syriac scholar (died 1286) Bar-Hebraeus, Syriac historian and bishop (died 1286) Deaths March 7 - William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 424 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (463 × 655 pixel, file size: 84 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Louis IX ou Saint-Louis Bibliothèque Nationale de France +/- File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file... Louis IX (25 April 1215 – 25 August 1270), commonly Saint Louis, was King of France from 1226 to his death. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Carmelite Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II calls Imperial Diet of Cremona Births June 21 - King Boleslaus V of Poland (died 1279) Abul-Faraj, Syriac scholar (died 1286) Bar-Hebraeus, Syriac historian and bishop (died 1286) Deaths March 7 - William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Image File history File links Miniature_Philippe_III_Courronement. ... Philip III the Bold (French: Philippe III le Hardi) (30 April 1245 – 5 October 1285) reigned as King of France from 1270 to 1285. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Image File history File links Philippe_IV_Le_Bel. ... Philip IV the Fair (French: Philippe IV le Bel) (1268 – November 29, 1314) was King of France from 1285 until his death. ... is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... November 29 is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events June 24 - Battle of Bannockburn. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (450x636, 72 KB) Louis X le Hutin Bibliothèque Nationale de France File links The following pages link to this file: List of French monarchs Louis X of France ... Louis X of France Louis X the Quarreller, also called the Headstrong or the Stubborn, (French: Louis X le Hutin, Spanish: Luis el Obstinado) (October 4, 1289 – June 5, 1316), King of France from 1314 to 1316, was a member of the Capetian Dynasty. ... November 29 is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events June 24 - Battle of Bannockburn. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Pope John XXII elected to the papacy. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x686, 86 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: List of French monarchs John I of France ... John I the Posthumous (French: Jean Ier le Posthume) (November 15, 1316 – November 20, 1316) was King of France for the five days he lived. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Pope John XXII elected to the papacy. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Pope John XXII elected to the papacy. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (456x664, 82 KB) Philippe V le Long Bibliothèque Nationale de France File links The following pages link to this file: List of French monarchs Philip V of France ... Philip V the Tall (French: Philippe V le Long) (1293 - January 3, 1322) was King of France from 1316 to 1322, a member of the Capetian dynasty. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Pope John XXII elected to the papacy. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events September 27/September 28 - Battle of Ampfing, often called the last battle of knights, in which Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria Births January 11 - Emperor Komyo of Japan (died 1380) Deaths January 3 - King Philip V of France (born 1293) March 16 - Humphrey de... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (420x643, 77 KB) 2Charles IV le Bel Bibliothèque Nationale de France File links The following pages link to this file: List of French monarchs ... Charles IV of France, also Charles I of Navarre, called the Fair (French: le Bel) (11 December 1294 – 1 February 1328), was the King of France and Navarre and Count of Champagne from 1322 to his death: the last French king of the senior Capetian lineage. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events September 27/September 28 - Battle of Ampfing, often called the last battle of knights, in which Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria Births January 11 - Emperor Komyo of Japan (died 1380) Deaths January 3 - King Philip V of France (born 1293) March 16 - Humphrey de... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Augustiner brew Munich May 1 - Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - England recognises Scotland as an independent nation after the Wars of Scottish Independence May 12 - Nicholas V is consecrated at St Peters Basilica in Rome by the bishop of Venice. ...

Capetian Dynasty, House of Valois (1328-1589)

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with House of Capet. ... The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328-1589. ...

(1328-1498)

Portrait Name King From King Until
Philip VI de Valois
(Philippe VI de France, de Valois)
February 1, 1328 August 22, 1350
John II the Good
(Jean II de France, le Bon)
August 22, 1350 April 8, 1364
Charles V the Wise April 8, 1364 September 16, 1380
Charles VI the Beloved September 16, 1380 October 21, 1422
Charles VII the Victorious October 21, 1422 July 22, 1461
Louis XI the Prudent July 22, 1461 August 30, 1483
Charles VIII the Affable August 30, 1483 April 7, 1498

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (434x657, 74 KB) Philippe VI de Valois Bibliothèque Nationale de France File links The following pages link to this file: List of French monarchs Philip VI of France ... Philip VI of France Philip VI of Valois (French: Philippe VI de Valois; 1293 – August 22, 1350) was the King of France from 1328 to his death, and Count of Anjou, Maine, and Valois 1325–1328. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Augustiner brew Munich May 1 - Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - England recognises Scotland as an independent nation after the Wars of Scottish Independence May 12 - Nicholas V is consecrated at St Peters Basilica in Rome by the bishop of Venice. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 29 August - An English fleet personally commanded by King Edward III defeats a Spanish fleet in the battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer. ... Download high resolution version (580x960, 100 KB)Jean II of France Louvre This image is not licensed under the GFDL. It is under a non-commercial-use only licence. ... John II the Good (French: Jean II le Bon) (April 16, 1319 – April 8, 1364), was King of France 1350–1364, Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou and Maine 1332–1350, Count of Poitiers 1344–1350, and Duke of Guienne 1345–1350. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 29 August - An English fleet personally commanded by King Edward III defeats a Spanish fleet in the battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Charles V becomes King of France. ... Image File history File links Roy_Charles_V.jpg Summary Roy Charles V Licensing This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less. ... Charles V the Wise (French: Charles V le Sage) (January 21, 1338 – September 16, 1380) was king of France from 1364 to 1380 and a member of the Valois Dynasty. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Charles V becomes King of France. ... // 1400 - Owain Glyndŵr declared Prince of Wales by his followers. ... September 8 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow resist a large invasion by the Blue Horde, Lithuania and Ryazan, stopping their advance at Kulikovo. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (460x688, 80 KB) Charles VI le Fou Bibliothèque Nationale de France File links The following pages link to this file: List of French monarchs ... Charles VI Charles VI the Well-Beloved, later known as the Mad (French: Charles VI le Bien-Aimé, later known as le Fol) (December 3, 1368 – October 21, 1422) was a King of France (1380 – 1422) and a member of the Valois Dynasty. ... // 1400 - Owain Glyndŵr declared Prince of Wales by his followers. ... September 8 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow resist a large invasion by the Blue Horde, Lithuania and Ryazan, stopping their advance at Kulikovo. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 10 - Battle of Nemecky Brod during the Hussite Wars. ... Image File history File links Chas_vii. ... Charles VII the Victorious, a. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 10 - Battle of Nemecky Brod during the Hussite Wars. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 – August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), or the Spider King, was King of France (1461–1483). ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The São Tomé settlement is founded. ... Image File history File links Charles_VIII_de_france. ... Charles VIII the Affable (French: Charles VIII lAffable) (June 30, 1470 – April 7, 1498) was King of France from 1483 to his death. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The São Tomé settlement is founded. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Capetian Dynasty, Valois-Orléans Branch (1498-1515)

Portrait Name King From King Until
Louis XII the Father of People April 7, 1498 January 1, 1515

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with House of Capet. ... The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328-1589. ... Duke of Orléans is one of the most important titles in the French peerage, dating back at least to the 14th century. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (401x650, 22 KB) Louis XII of France from fr:Wikipedia 2 avr 2004 à 16:15 . ... Louis XII (b. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1515 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Capetian Dynasty, Valois-Angoulême Branch (1515-1589)

Portrait Name King From King Until
Francis I the Father and Restorer of Letters
(François Ier de France, le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres)
January 1, 1515 March 31, 1547
Henry II
Henri II de France
March 31, 1547 July 10, 1559
Francis II
(François II de France)
July 10, 1559 December 5, 1560
Charles IX December 5, 1560 May 30, 1574
Henry III
Henri III
May 30, 1574 August 2, 1589

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with House of Capet. ... The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328-1589. ... Angoulême (Angoumois) in western France was part of the Carolingian empire as the kingdom of Aquitaine. ... Download high resolution version (805x1026, 160 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Francis I (François Ier in French) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1515 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... Year 1547 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... Year 1547 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Francis II (French: François II) (January 19, 1544 – December 5, 1560) was a King of France (1559 – 1560). ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Charles IX of France by François Clouet (1561), Musée Condé. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Charles IX (June 27, 1550 – May 30, 1574) born Charles-Maximilien, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from 1560 until his death. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Henry III of France (September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), also Henry of Poland (also called Henry of Valois, Henryk Walezy), born Alexandre-Édouard of France, was a member of the House of Valois. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ...

Capetian Dynasty, House of Bourbon (1589-1792)

Portrait Name King From King Until
Henry IV (Good King Henry)
(Henri IV)
August 2, 1589 May 14, 1610
Louis XIII May 14, 1610 May 14, 1643
Louis XIV the Sun King May 14, 1643 September 1, 1715
Louis XV the Beloved September 1, 1715 May 10, 1774
Louis XVI May 10, 1774 August 10, 1792
Louis XVII (not officially reigning) January 21, 1793 June 8, 1795

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with House of Capet. ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... Download high resolution version (488x770, 73 KB) The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Henry IV of France, also Henry III of Navarre (13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), ruled as King of France from 1589 to 1610 and King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 7 - Galileo Galilei discovers the Galilean moons of Jupiter. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (484x707, 23 KB) Louis XIII licence : Localisation : Paris, Val de Grâce File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): List of French monarchs Louis XIII of France ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 7 - Galileo Galilei discovers the Galilean moons of Jupiter. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (580x824, 90 KB)King Louis XIV of France painted by Hyacinthe Rigaud 1701 The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of... “Sun King” redirects here. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Year 1715 (MDCCXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 455 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1181 × 1554 pixel, file size: 2. ... Louis XV of France (February 15, 1710 – May 10, 1774), the Beloved (French: le Bien-Aimé), was King of France from 1715 until his death. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Year 1715 (MDCCXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... Image File history File links Ludvig_XVI_av_Frankrike_porträtterad_av_AF_Callet. ... Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste de France (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Louis_Charles_of_France6. ... Louis XVII of France (March 27, 1785 – June 8, 1795), from birth to 1789 known as Louis-Charles, Duke of Normandy; then from 1789 to 1791 as Louis-Charles, Dauphin of Viennois; and from 1791 to 1793 as Louis-Charles, Prince Royal of France, was the son of King Louis... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

First Republic (1792-1804)

Many people were monarchists at the time and consequently refused to recognise the overthrow of the monarchy, and considered Louis XVI's reign to have continued until his death in 1793, then his son Louis XVII to have reigned until his death in 1795, with Louis XVIII's reign then commencing, hence the numbering. Motto: (Liberty, equality, brotherhood, or death!) Anthem: La Marseillaise (unofficial) Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Republic Various  - 1792-1795 National Convention (rule by legislature)  - 1794-1799 Directory  - 1799-1804 First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte Legislature National Convention French Directory French Consulate History  - Storming of the Bastille/French Revolution 14 July... Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste de France (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792. ... Louis XVII of France (March 27, 1785 – June 8, 1795), from birth to 1789 known as Louis-Charles, Duke of Normandy; then from 1789 to 1791 as Louis-Charles, Dauphin of Viennois; and from 1791 to 1793 as Louis-Charles, Prince Royal of France, was the son of King Louis... Louis XVIII (November 17, 1755 - September 16, 1824) was King of France and Navarre from 1814 (although he declared that he considered his reign to have begun in 1795) until his death in 1824, with a brief break in 1815 due to Napoleons return in the Hundred Days. ...


Bonaparte Dynasty, First Empire (1804-1814)

Portrait Name Emperor From Emperor Until
Napoleon I
(Napoléon 1er)
May 18, 1804 April 11, 1814

The original arms of the Buonapartes Bonaparte is a French family name that is of Italian origin. ... Map of the First French Empire in 1811, with the Empire in dark blue and satellite states in light blue Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1804 - 1814/1815 Napoleon I  - 1814/1815 Napoleon II Legislature Parliament  - Upper house Senate  - Lower house Corps législatif Historical era Napoleonic... Download high resolution version (409x656, 50 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...

Capetian Dynasty, House of Bourbon, Restored (1814)

Portrait Name King From King Until
Louis XVIII May 2, 1814 March 13, 1815

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with House of Capet. ... Following the ousting of Napoleon I of France in 1814, the Allies restored the Bourbon Dynasty to the French throne. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 452 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1119 × 1484 pixel, file size: 240 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Luís XVIII da França, Hotel de Beauharnais, Paris-França séc. ... Louis XVIII (November 17, 1755 - September 16, 1824) was King of France and Navarre from 1814 (although he declared that he considered his reign to have begun in 1795) until his death in 1824, with a brief break in 1815 due to Napoleons return in the Hundred Days. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ...

Bonaparte Dynasty, First Empire, Restored (The Hundred Days, 1815)

Portrait Name Emperor From Emperor Until
Napoleon I
(Napoléon 1er)
March 20, 1815 June 22, 1815
Napoleon II the Eaglet
(Napoléon II, l'Aiglon)
June 22, 1815 July 7, 1815

The original arms of the Buonapartes Bonaparte is a French family name that is of Italian origin. ... Map of the First French Empire in 1811, with the Empire in dark blue and satellite states in light blue Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1804 - 1814/1815 Napoleon I  - 1814/1815 Napoleon II Legislature Parliament  - Upper house Senate  - Lower house Corps législatif Historical era Napoleonic... The Hundred Days (French Cent-Jours) or the Waterloo Campaign commonly refers to the period between 20 March 1815, the date on which Napoleon Bonaparte arrived in Paris after his return from Elba, and 8 July 1815, the date of the restoration of King Louis XVIII. The phrase Cent jours... Download high resolution version (409x656, 50 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Image File history File links Nap-receis_50. ... Napoleon II, Duke of Reichstadt (March 20, 1811 – July 22, 1832) was the son of Napoleon Bonaparte, and briefly the second Emperor of the French. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ...

Capetian Dynasty, House of Bourbon, Restored (1815-1830)

Portrait Name King From King Until
Louis XVIII July 7, 1815 September 16, 1824
Charles X September 16, 1824 August 2, 1830
Louis XIX August 2, 1830
Henry V
(Henri V)
2 August 1830 9 August 1830

Note: The last king of the Bourbon line is considered in France to be Charles X, meaning that the Duke of Angoulême and the Count of Chambord never actually acceeded to the throne. They were to become the monarch, had the direct line of the Bourbons been restored. Instead the throne went to Louis-Philippe. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with House of Capet. ... Following the ousting of Napoleon I of France in 1814, the Allies restored the Bourbon Dynasty to the French throne. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 452 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1119 × 1484 pixel, file size: 240 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Luís XVIII da França, Hotel de Beauharnais, Paris-França séc. ... Louis XVIII (November 17, 1755 - September 16, 1824) was King of France and Navarre from 1814 (although he declared that he considered his reign to have begun in 1795) until his death in 1824, with a brief break in 1815 due to Napoleons return in the Hundred Days. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... // 1400 - Owain Glyndŵr declared Prince of Wales by his followers. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (450x626, 200 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): List of French monarchs Charles X of France ... Charles X (October 9, 1757 – November 6, 1836) ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1824 until the French Revolution of 1830, when he abdicated. ... // 1400 - Owain Glyndŵr declared Prince of Wales by his followers. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (561x655, 169 KB) [edit] Summary Louis Antoine de Bourbon-Artois, duc d’Angoulême, devenu Louis Antoine de France, dauphin de France, puis Louis de France, « comte de Marnes Â» [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link... Louis XIX, King of France and of Navarre (Louis-Antoine, duc dAngoulême) (August 6, 1775 – June 3, 1844) was the eldest son of the comte dArtois (later King Charles X of France) and Marie-Thérèse de Savoie. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Henri Charles Ferdinand Marie Dieudonné dArtois, comte de Chambord (September 29, 1820 – August 24, 1883) technically reigned as Henry V, King of France and Navarre from August 2 to August 9, 1830. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Capetian Dynasty, House of Bourbon-Orléans (The Monarchy of July 1830-1848)

Portrait Name King From King Until
Louis-Philippe the Citizen King August 9, 1830 February 24, 1848

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with House of Capet. ... Also known as the House of Bourbon-Orléans, for many centuries, the House of Orléans was one of the most important families in France, with the Duc dOrléans traditionally being very close to the king. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1522x2201, 857 KB) Beschrijving no rights high resolution; better quality Painted by Winterhalter in 1841 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): List of French monarchs Louis... Louis-Philippe of France (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 in what was known as the July Monarchy. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Second Republic, Restored (1848 - 1852)

The Second French Republic lasted from 1848 to 1852, when its president, Louis Napoleon, was declared Emperor of the French. The French Second Republic (often simply Second Republic) was the republican regime of France from February 25, 1848 to December 2, 1852. ... Kings ruled in France from the Middle Ages to 1848. ...


Bonaparte Dynasty, Second Empire, Restored (1852-1870)

Portrait Name Emperor From Emperor Until
Napoleon III
(Napoléon III)
December 2, 1852 September 4, 1870

The original arms of the Buonapartes Bonaparte is a French family name that is of Italian origin. ... Map of the French Second Empire Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1852-1870 Napoleon III Legislature Parliament  - Upper house Senate  - Lower house Corps législatif History  - French coup of 1851 December 2 1851  - Established 1852  - Disestablished September 4, 1870 Currency French Franc The Second French Empire or... Image File history File links NapoleonIIIofFrance. ... Napoléon III, born Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the first President of the French Republic from 1848 to 1851, then from 2 December 1851 to 2 December 1852 the ruler of a dictatorial government, then Emperor of the French under the name... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Government of National Defense (Paris Commune 1870 - 1871)

The transition period between the fall of the Second Empire after the capture of Napoleon III by the Prussian, and the Third Republic was assumed by General Louis Jules Trochu. La Gouvernement de la Défense Nationale, or The Government of National Defence, was the official Government of the Third Republic of France from September 4th 1870 to February 13th 1871. ... Le Père Duchesne looking at the statue of Napoleon I on top of the Vendome column: Eh ben ! bougre de canaille, on va donc te foutre en bas comme ta crapule de neveu !… (Well now! buggering rascal, we will knock you the fuck off just like your crook of... French general Jules Trochu Louis Jules Trochu (March 12, 1815 - October 7, 1896) was a French military leader. ...


Third Republic, Restored (1871 - 1940)

The Third French Republic started with the Republican Adolphe Thiers (1871-1873) the latter being a former Prime Minister of King Louis-Philippe. Thiers became Chief of State then provisional President of the Republic until he had to resign because of the Monarchist majority. He was succeeded by Marshal Patrice MacMahon, Duke of Magenta a Monarchist who became the first actual President of the Third Republic in 1875. The French Third Republic, (in French, Troisième Republique, sometimes written as IIIème Republique) (1870/75-1940/46), was the governing body of France between the Second French Empire and the Fourth Republic. ... A caricature of Adolphe Thiers charging on the Paris Commune, published in Le Père Duchêne illustré Louis Adolphe Thiers (April 16, 1797–September 3, 1877) was a French statesman and historian. ... Patrice MacMahon, duc de Magenta President of France, 1873-1879 Marie Edmé Patrice Maurice MacMahon, duc de Magenta, Marshal of France (July 13, 1808 - October 16, 1893) was a Frenchman of Irish descent. ...


Later pretenders

The chronology of Head of State of France continues with the Presidents of the French Republic and short term interim periods by the Chief of State of the French State (1940-1944), the Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944-1946) and the president of the French Senate (1969 and 1974) during the Fifth Republic. Various pretenders descended from the preceding monarchs have claimed to be the legitimate monarch of France, rejecting the claims of the President of France, and of each other. These groups are: Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... Symbol of the French government The President of the French Republic (French: ) colloquially referred to as President of France, is Frances elected Head of State. ... A head of state or chief of state is the chief public representative of a nation-state, federation or commonwealth, whose role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the countrys... The French state either designs the Republic of France (i. ... The Provisional Government of the French Republic was an interim government which governed France from 1944 to 1946. ... The Senate (French: ) is the upper house of the Parliament of France. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article is about pretender as applied to a monarchy. ...

Legitimists are Royalists in France who believe that the King of France and Navarre must be chosen according to the simple application of the Salic Law. ... The Orléanists were a French political faction or party which arose out of the French Revolution, and ceased to have a separate existence shortly after the establishment of the Third Republic in 1870. ... // In French political history, Bonapartists were monarchists who desired a French Empire under the House of Bonaparte, the Corsican family of Napoleon Bonaparte (Napoleon I of France) and his nephew Louis (Napoleon III of France). ... Charles Edward Stuart, Bonnie Prince Charlie, wearing the Jacobite blue bonnet Jacobitism was (and, to a very limited extent, remains) the political movement dedicated to the restoration of the Stuart kings to the thrones of England and Scotland. ...

References

  • Edward James, The Origins of France: Clovis to the Capetians 500-1000. ISBN 0-333-27052-5
  • Edward James, The Franks. Blackwell: 1991. ISBN 0-631-17936-4
  • The history of France as recounted in the Grandes Chroniques de France, and particularly in the personal copy produced for King Charles V between 1370 and 1380 that is the saga of the three great dynasties, the Merovingians, Carolingians, and the Capetian Rulers of France, that shaped the institutions and the frontiers of the realm. It should be noted that this work was commissioned at a time that France was embroiled in the Hundred Years' War with England, a war fought over hereditary claims to the throne of France. It must therefore be read with a careful eye toward biases meant to justify the Capetian claims of continuity and inheritance.
  • The Cambridge Illustrated History of France - Cambridge University Press
  • Paul Fouracre and Richard A. Gerberding, Late Merovingian France: History and Hagiography, 640-720. Manchester University Press - ISBN 0-7190-4791-9
  • Patrick Geary, Before France and Germany: The Creation and Transformation of the Merovingian World. Oxford: Oxford U. Press, 1988. ISBN 0-19-504458-4
  • Patrick Geary, The Myth of Nations: The Medieval Origins of Europe. Princeton U. Press, 2001. ISBN 0-691-11481-1

Edward James is Professor of Medieval History at University College, Dublin. ... Philip Augustus captures Tours in 1189. ... Charles V the Wise (French: Charles V le Sage) (January 21, 1338 – September 16, 1380) was king of France from 1364 to 1380 and a member of the Valois Dynasty. ... There are other articles with similar names; see Merovingian (disambiguation). ... Also see: France in the Middle Ages. ... The House of Capet includes any of the direct descendants of Robert the Strong. ... Combatants France Castile Scotland Genoa Majorca Bohemia Crown of Aragon Brittany England Burgundy Brittany Portugal Navarre Flanders Hainaut Aquitaine Luxembourg Holy Roman Empire Hundred Years War Edwardian â€“ Breton Succession â€“ Castilian â€“ Two Peters â€“ Caroline â€“ Lancastrian The Hundred Years War was a conflict between France and England, lasting 116 years from 1337... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... The University of Manchester is a university located in Manchester, England. ...

See also

Chronology of French monarchs from 987 to 1870
Medieval FranceHouse of Capet

Hugues (987-996) • Robert II (996-1031) • Henri I (1031-1060) • Philippe I (1060-1108) • Louis VI (1108-1137) • Louis VII (1137-1180) • Philippe II (1180-1223) • Louis VIII (1223-1226) • Louis IX (1226-1270) • Philippe III (1270-1285) • Philippe IV (1285-1314) • Louis X (1314-1316) • Jean I (1316) • Philippe V (1316-1322) • Charles IV (1322-1328) • Philippe VI (1328-1350) • Jean II (1350-1364) • Charles V (1364-1380) • Charles VI (1380-1422) • Charles VII (1422-1461) • Louis XI (1461-1483) • Charles VIII (1483-1498) This article is about the Frankish people and society. ... The Franks were originally lead by dukes (military leaders) and reguli (petty kings). ... This is a list of non-ruling members of the French royal family. ... This is the Kings of France family tree, including all kings, from Charles Magne to the advent of the Republic. ... This article or section should be merged with English claims to the French throne From 1339 to 1801, with only brief intervals in 1360-1369 and 1420-1422, the Kings of England also bore the title of King of France. ... This is a simplified Family tree of the House of Bourbon, from the first duke of Bourbon, to present day, where family representatives are the kings of Spain and heirs to the throne of France. ... Events Hugh Capet, Count of Paris, crowned King of France Kukulcan conquers Chichen Itza Births Deaths May 21 King Louis V of France Categories: 987 ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The House of Capet includes any of the direct descendants of Robert the Strong. ... Hugh Capet[1] (c. ... Events Hugh Capet, Count of Paris, crowned King of France Kukulcan conquers Chichen Itza Births Deaths May 21 King Louis V of France Categories: 987 ... Events March/April - Pope John XV dies before being being able to coronate Otto III, King of Germany as Holy Roman Emperor. ... Robert II the Pious (French: Robert II le Pieux) (March 27, 972 – July 20, 1031) was King of France from 996 to 1031. ... Events March/April - Pope John XV dies before being being able to coronate Otto III, King of Germany as Holy Roman Emperor. ... Events Collapse of the Moorish Caliphate of Córdoba. ... Henry I (French: Henri Ier) (May 4, 1008–August 4, 1060) was King of France from 1031 to 1060. ... Events Collapse of the Moorish Caliphate of Córdoba. ... Events May - The Norman leader Robert Guiscard conquers Taranto. ... Philip I (French: Philippe Ier) (May 23, 1052 – July 29, 1108) was King of France from 1060 to 1108. ... Events May - The Norman leader Robert Guiscard conquers Taranto. ... Events May - Battle of Ucles Consecration of Chichester cathedral Saint Magnus becomes the first earl of Orkney In Pistoia, Italy, Cathedral of San Zeno burned to the ground. ... Louis VI the Fat (French: Louis VI le Gros) (December 1, 1081 – August 1, 1137) was King of France from 1108 to 1137. ... Events May - Battle of Ucles Consecration of Chichester cathedral Saint Magnus becomes the first earl of Orkney In Pistoia, Italy, Cathedral of San Zeno burned to the ground. ... // Groups BL1137 is the (now defunct) Unix group at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, NJ where Unix and C were invented. ... Louis VII the Younger (French: Louis VII le Jeune) (1120 – September 18, 1180) was King of France from 1137 to 1180. ... // Groups BL1137 is the (now defunct) Unix group at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, NJ where Unix and C were invented. ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... Philip II Augustus (French: Philippe II Auguste) (August 21, 1165 – July 14, 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223. ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... // Events August 6 - Louis VIII is crowned King of France. ... Louis VIII the Lion (5 September 1187 – 8 November 1226) reigned as King of France from 1223 to 1226. ... // Events August 6 - Louis VIII is crowned King of France. ... Events Carmelite Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II calls Imperial Diet of Cremona Births June 21 - King Boleslaus V of Poland (died 1279) Abul-Faraj, Syriac scholar (died 1286) Bar-Hebraeus, Syriac historian and bishop (died 1286) Deaths March 7 - William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English... Louis IX (25 April 1215 – 25 August 1270), commonly Saint Louis, was King of France from 1226 to his death. ... Events Carmelite Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II calls Imperial Diet of Cremona Births June 21 - King Boleslaus V of Poland (died 1279) Abul-Faraj, Syriac scholar (died 1286) Bar-Hebraeus, Syriac historian and bishop (died 1286) Deaths March 7 - William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Philip III the Bold (French: Philippe III le Hardi) (30 April 1245 – 5 October 1285) reigned as King of France from 1270 to 1285. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Philip IV the Fair (French: Philippe IV le Bel) (1268 – November 29, 1314) was King of France from 1285 until his death. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Events June 24 - Battle of Bannockburn. ... Louis X of France Louis X the Quarreller, also called the Headstrong or the Stubborn, (French: Louis X le Hutin, Spanish: Luis el Obstinado) (October 4, 1289 – June 5, 1316), King of France from 1314 to 1316, was a member of the Capetian Dynasty. ... Events June 24 - Battle of Bannockburn. ... Events Pope John XXII elected to the papacy. ... John I the Posthumous (French: Jean Ier le Posthume) (November 15, 1316 – November 20, 1316) was King of France for the five days he lived. ... Events Pope John XXII elected to the papacy. ... Philip V the Tall (French: Philippe V le Long) (1293 - January 3, 1322) was King of France from 1316 to 1322, a member of the Capetian dynasty. ... Events Pope John XXII elected to the papacy. ... Events September 27/September 28 - Battle of Ampfing, often called the last battle of knights, in which Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria Births January 11 - Emperor Komyo of Japan (died 1380) Deaths January 3 - King Philip V of France (born 1293) March 16 - Humphrey de... Charles IV of France, also Charles I of Navarre, called the Fair (French: le Bel) (11 December 1294 – 1 February 1328), was the King of France and Navarre and Count of Champagne from 1322 to his death: the last French king of the senior Capetian lineage. ... Events September 27/September 28 - Battle of Ampfing, often called the last battle of knights, in which Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria Births January 11 - Emperor Komyo of Japan (died 1380) Deaths January 3 - King Philip V of France (born 1293) March 16 - Humphrey de... Events Augustiner brew Munich May 1 - Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - England recognises Scotland as an independent nation after the Wars of Scottish Independence May 12 - Nicholas V is consecrated at St Peters Basilica in Rome by the bishop of Venice. ... Philip VI of France Philip VI of Valois (French: Philippe VI de Valois; 1293 – August 22, 1350) was the King of France from 1328 to his death, and Count of Anjou, Maine, and Valois 1325–1328. ... Events Augustiner brew Munich May 1 - Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - England recognises Scotland as an independent nation after the Wars of Scottish Independence May 12 - Nicholas V is consecrated at St Peters Basilica in Rome by the bishop of Venice. ... Events 29 August - An English fleet personally commanded by King Edward III defeats a Spanish fleet in the battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer. ... John II the Good (French: Jean II le Bon) (April 16, 1319 – April 8, 1364), was King of France 1350–1364, Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou and Maine 1332–1350, Count of Poitiers 1344–1350, and Duke of Guienne 1345–1350. ... Events 29 August - An English fleet personally commanded by King Edward III defeats a Spanish fleet in the battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Charles V becomes King of France. ... Charles V the Wise (French: Charles V le Sage) (January 21, 1338 – September 16, 1380) was king of France from 1364 to 1380 and a member of the Valois Dynasty. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Charles V becomes King of France. ... September 8 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow resist a large invasion by the Blue Horde, Lithuania and Ryazan, stopping their advance at Kulikovo. ... Charles VI Charles VI the Well-Beloved, later known as the Mad (French: Charles VI le Bien-Aimé, later known as le Fol) (December 3, 1368 – October 21, 1422) was a King of France (1380 – 1422) and a member of the Valois Dynasty. ... September 8 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow resist a large invasion by the Blue Horde, Lithuania and Ryazan, stopping their advance at Kulikovo. ... Events January 10 - Battle of Nemecky Brod during the Hussite Wars. ... Charles VII the Victorious, a. ... Events January 10 - Battle of Nemecky Brod during the Hussite Wars. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 – August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), or the Spider King, was King of France (1461–1483). ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... Events The São Tomé settlement is founded. ... Charles VIII the Affable (French: Charles VIII lAffable) (June 30, 1470 – April 7, 1498) was King of France from 1483 to his death. ... Events The São Tomé settlement is founded. ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Early Modern FranceHouse of Valois

Louis XII (1498-1515) • François I (1515-1547) • Henri II (1547-1559) • François II (1559-1560) • Charles IX (1560-1574) • Henri III (1574-1589) Early Modern France is the portion of French history that falls in the early modern period from the end of the 15th century to the end of the 18th century (or from the French Renaissance to the eve of the French Revolution). ... The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328-1589. ... Louis XII (b. ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1515 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Francis I (François Ier in French) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... 1515 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1547 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... Year 1547 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Francis II (French: François II) (January 19, 1544 – December 5, 1560) was a King of France (1559 – 1560). ... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Charles IX (June 27, 1550 – May 30, 1574) born Charles-Maximilien, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from 1560 until his death. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Henry III of France (September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), also Henry of Poland (also called Henry of Valois, Henryk Walezy), born Alexandre-Édouard of France, was a member of the House of Valois. ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ...

Early Modern FranceHouse of Bourbon

Henri IV (1589-1610) • Louis XIII (1610-1643) • Louis XIV (1643-1715) • Louis XV (1715-1774) • Louis XVI (1774-1792) Early Modern France is the portion of French history that falls in the early modern period from the end of the 15th century to the end of the 18th century (or from the French Renaissance to the eve of the French Revolution). ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... Henry IV of France, also Henry III of Navarre (13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), ruled as King of France from 1589 to 1610 and King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ... // Events January 7 - Galileo Galilei discovers the Galilean moons of Jupiter. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... // Events January 7 - Galileo Galilei discovers the Galilean moons of Jupiter. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... “Sun King” redirects here. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... Year 1715 (MDCCXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Louis XV of France (February 15, 1710 – May 10, 1774), the Beloved (French: le Bien-Aimé), was King of France from 1715 until his death. ... Year 1715 (MDCCXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste de France (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792. ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

First Republic
First EmpireHouse of Bonaparte

Napoléon I (1804-1814) Motto: (Liberty, equality, brotherhood, or death!) Anthem: La Marseillaise (unofficial) Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Republic Various  - 1792-1795 National Convention (rule by legislature)  - 1794-1799 Directory  - 1799-1804 First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte Legislature National Convention French Directory French Consulate History  - Storming of the Bastille/French Revolution 14 July... Map of the First French Empire in 1811, with the Empire in dark blue and satellite states in light blue Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1804 - 1814/1815 Napoleon I  - 1814/1815 Napoleon II Legislature Parliament  - Upper house Senate  - Lower house Corps législatif Historical era Napoleonic... The original arms of the Buonapartes Bonaparte is a French family name that is of Italian origin. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...

Bourbon Restoration IHouse of Bourbon

Louis XVIII (1814-1815) Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Monarchy King  - 1814-1824 Louis XVIII  - 1824-1830 Charles X Legislature Parliament History  - Bourbon Restoration 1814  - July Revolution 21 January, 1830 Currency French Franc Following the ousting of Napoleon I of France in 1814, the Allies restored the Bourbon Dynasty to the French throne. ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... Louis XVIII (November 17, 1755 - September 16, 1824) was King of France and Navarre from 1814 (although he declared that he considered his reign to have begun in 1795) until his death in 1824, with a brief break in 1815 due to Napoleons return in the Hundred Days. ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ...

Hundred DaysHouse of Bonaparte

Napoléon I (1815) • Napoléon II (1815) The Hundred Days (French Cent-Jours) or the Waterloo Campaign commonly refers to the period between 20 March 1815, the date on which Napoleon Bonaparte arrived in Paris after his return from Elba, and 8 July 1815, the date of the restoration of King Louis XVIII. The phrase Cent jours... The original arms of the Buonapartes Bonaparte is a French family name that is of Italian origin. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Napoleon II, Duke of Reichstadt (March 20, 1811 – July 22, 1832) was the son of Napoleon Bonaparte, and briefly the second Emperor of the French. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ...

Bourbon Restoration IIHouse of Bourbon

Louis XVIII (1815-1824) • Charles X (1824-1830) • Louis XIX (1830) • Henri V (1830) Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Monarchy King  - 1814-1824 Louis XVIII  - 1824-1830 Charles X Legislature Parliament History  - Bourbon Restoration 1814  - July Revolution 21 January, 1830 Currency French Franc Following the ousting of Napoleon I of France in 1814, the Allies restored the Bourbon Dynasty to the French throne. ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... Louis XVIII (November 17, 1755 - September 16, 1824) was King of France and Navarre from 1814 (although he declared that he considered his reign to have begun in 1795) until his death in 1824, with a brief break in 1815 due to Napoleons return in the Hundred Days. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Charles X (October 9, 1757 – November 6, 1836) ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1824 until the French Revolution of 1830, when he abdicated. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Louis XIX, King of France and of Navarre (Louis-Antoine, duc dAngoulême) (August 6, 1775 – June 3, 1844) was the eldest son of the comte dArtois (later King Charles X of France) and Marie-Thérèse de Savoie. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Henri Charles Ferdinand Marie Dieudonné dArtois, comte de Chambord (September 29, 1820 – August 24, 1883) technically reigned as Henry V, King of France and Navarre from August 2 to August 9, 1830. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

July MonarchyHouse of Orléans

Louis-Philippe (1830-1848) The July Monarchy was established in France with the reign of Louis Philippe of France. ... Duke of Orléans is one of the most important titles in the French peerage, dating back at least to the 14th century. ... Louis-Philippe of France (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 in what was known as the July Monarchy. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Second Republic
Second EmpireHouse of Bonaparte

Napoléon III (1852-1870) This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Map of the French Second Empire Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1852-1870 Napoleon III Legislature Parliament  - Upper house Senate  - Lower house Corps législatif History  - French coup of 1851 December 2 1851  - Established 1852  - Disestablished September 4, 1870 Currency French Franc The Second French Empire or... The original arms of the Buonapartes Bonaparte is a French family name that is of Italian origin. ... Napoléon III, born Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the first President of the French Republic from 1848 to 1851, then from 2 December 1851 to 2 December 1852 the ruler of a dictatorial government, then Emperor of the French under the name... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Third Republic
List of French monarchsList of Queens and Empresses of France — History of France

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