FACTOID # 8: Bookworms: Vermont has the highest number of high school teachers per capita and third highest number of librarians per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > List of European Union member states

Contents

The flag of the Council of Europe and the European Union.
The flag of the Council of Europe and the European Union.
 ██ current members ██ acceding countries ██ candidate countries ██ potential candidate countries ██ application frozen ██ application rejected by EC ██ accession rejected in a referendum ██ Overseas Countries & Territories associated with an EU member state

██ current members Image File history File links European_flag. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... The European flag consists of a circle of twelve golden stars on a blue background. ... The Palace of Europe in Strasbourg European Flag: used by the Council of Europe and by the European Union The Council of Europe (French: Conseil de lEurope , German: Europarat /ˌɔɪ.ˈro. ... Image File history File links European_Union_member_states_with_applications. ... Image File history File links European_Union_member_states_with_applications. ...

██ acceding countries

██ candidate countries

██ potential candidate countries

██ application frozen

██ application rejected by EC The European Council, informally called the European summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission. ...

██ accession rejected in a referendum A referendum on whether Norway should join the European Union was held on November 28, 1994. ...

██ Overseas Countries & Territories associated with an EU member state Two parts of the Treaty of Rome deal with special relationships: Article 299 which sets out the territories to which the treaty applies, supplemented by the accession treaties; and Articles 182-188 and Annex II on association with the non-European countries and territories which have special relations with the...

 The European Union as a single entity in Europe …
The European Union as a single entity in Europe …
 … and in the world.
… and in the world.

This is a list of European Union member states, their dates of application and accession. It shows the growth of the European Union and its predecessors through enlargement from six members in 1952 to twenty-seven members in 2007/8; as of 2006, at least six (possibly seven or even more) are expected to join in its future. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1236x1245, 74 KB) Summary  European Union Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): List of European Union member states ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1236x1245, 74 KB) Summary  European Union Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): List of European Union member states ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 88 KB) Summary  European Union Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): List of European Union member states ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 88 KB) Summary  European Union Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): List of European Union member states ... The European Union (EU) was originally created by the six founding states in 1952, but has grown to its current size of 25 member states. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The European Union per se was created on 1 November 1993 when the Treaty on European Union came into effect.[1] Twelve of the current 25 member states joined one of the Union's predecessors, either the European Coal and Steel Community (which came into existence on 23 July 1952[2] and ceased to exist exactly 50 years later[3]), the European Economic Community (which came into existence on 1 January 1958[4]), or the European Community (which came into existence on 1 July 1967 as a merger of ECSC, EEC and the European Atomic Energy Community[5], and is one of the three pillars of the European Union today). Per se is a latin phrase used in english arguments. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty on European Union) was signed on 7 February 1992 in Maastricht between the members of the European Community and entered into force on 1 November 1993, under the Delors Commission. ... Members of the European Coal and Steel Community The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was founded in 1951 (Treaty of Paris), by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to pool the steel and coal resources of its member-states. ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... The European Atomic Energy Community, or EURATOM, is an international organisation composed of the members of the European Union. ... The Treaty of Maastricht which established the European Union, divided EU policies into three main areas, called pillars. ...


Candidate countries

Main articles: Enlargement of the European Union, Bulgaria and the European Union, Croatia and the European Union, Romania and the European Union, and Turkey and the European Union

In addition to the current twenty-five member states, a number of other European states will join the European Union in the next two decades. Bulgaria and Romania have already finished accession negotiations[6]; the official decision on their date of joining (either 1 January 2007 or 1 January 2008) will be taken on 26 September 2006 during the Finnish Presidency of the Council of the European Union.[7] The Treaty of Accession 2005, which forms the legal framework for the accession of Bulgaria and Romania to the European Union, is currently in the process of being ratified; all but seven (namely Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland and Luxembourg) of the current twenty-five member states have already finished the ratification process. The European Union (EU) was originally created by the six founding states in 1952, but has grown to its current size of 25 member states. ... Dark green: current members; light green: acceding countries; orange: recognized candidate countries Bulgaria (along with Romania) is part of the second stage of the EUs fifth enlargement1 and is currently scheduled to join it on January 1, 2007. ... This article treats the accession of Croatia to the European Union. ... Dark green: current members; light green: acceding countries; orange: states in negotiations The Accession of Romania to the European Union is currently scheduled to take place on January 1, 2007. ... Turkeys formal application to join the European Community—the organisation that has since developed into the European Union—was made on April 14, 1987. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 96 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Presidency of the Council of the European Union refers to the responsibility of presiding over all aspects of the Council of the European Union, when exercised collectively by a government, on a pre-established rota of the member states, of the European Union. ... The Treaty of Accession 2005 was the agreement between the European Union and two countries (Bulgaria and Romania), concerning these countries accession into the EU. At the same time it changed a number of points which were originally laid down in the Treaty of Nice. ...


Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia and Turkey are officially candidate countries; Croatia and Turkey are currently in accession negotiations, while negotiations with the Republic of Macedonia have not yet started.[8] The remaining states in the Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia, including Kosovo under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 of 10 June 1999) are officially "potential candidate countries", which means they have a clear perspective for accession over the course of the next decade.[9] The next enlargement after Bulgaria and Romania will, however, only happen after 2010, due to the European Union's need to sort out its institutional problems first.[10] Motto: (English: ) Anthem: (Transliteration: ) (English: ) Capital Skopje Largest city Skopje Official language(s) Macedonian, Albanian1 Government Parliamentary republic  - President Branko Crvenkovski  - Prime Minister Vlado Bučkovski Independence From Yugoslavia   - Declared September 8, 1991  Area    - Total 25,333 km² (146th)   9,779 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože Pravde Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Independence    - From the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes formed December 1, 1918   - FR Yugoslavia formed April 28, 1992   - Serbia... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with UN General Assembly Resolution 1244. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Countries who failed to join or left

Not all accession attempts have been successful, though, and on one occasion a territory even left the European Union (then European Community).

January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1972 calendar). ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ... An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... For the heavy metal band, see Devolved (band) Devolution or home rule is the granting of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... The European Council, informally called the European summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission. ... The Copenhagen criteria are the rules that define whether a nation is eligible to join the European Union. ... Map of the EEA countries. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...

Future prospects

Main articles: Iceland and the European Union, Norway and the European Union, and Greenland and the European Union
This section is incomplete. If you can help by adding information about the current situation in the European microstates Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino and Vatican City, as well as in associated territories like Greenland.

Georgia[14], Moldova[15] and Ukraine[16] have stated they would like to join the European Union; however, the European Union's response was lukewarm at best[17]. The island nation of Cape Verde, part of the island region Macaronesia (which is comprised of Cape Verde, the Portuguese islands of the Azores and Madeira and the Spanish Canary Islands) also wishes to join the European Union.[18] [19] [20] Curiously, Cape Verde is not yet a member of the Council of Europe, which is a de facto prerequisite for membership under the Copenhagen criteria. Iceland is not a member state of the European Union (EU) and has never applied for membership. ... One of the most important and divisive issues in Norwegian political and economic debate since World War II has been the countrys relationship with the European Union. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Greenland. ... The European microstates are a handful of very small sovereign states on the European continent. ... A microstate is a sovereign state having a very small population or very little land area - usually both. ... Macaronesia Macaronesia is a modern invented collective name for several groups of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean near Europe and North Africa belonging to three countries: Portugal, Spain, and Cape Verde. ... Location Motto of the autonomous region: Antes morrer livres que em paz sujeitos (Portuguese: To die free rather than to be subjugated in peace) Official language Portuguese Capitals Ponta Delgada (Presidency of the autonomous government), Angra do Heroísmo (Supreme Court), Horta (Legislative Assembly) Other towns Praia da Vitória... For other uses of the word, see Madeira (disambiguation) Madeira Islands location. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Palace of Europe in Strasbourg European Flag: used by the Council of Europe and by the European Union The Council of Europe (French: Conseil de lEurope , German: Europarat /ˌɔɪ.ˈro. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... The Copenhagen criteria are the rules that define whether a nation is eligible to join the European Union. ...


Moreover, European Union membership is the subject of political debate in Andorra[21], Armenia[22], Azerbaijan[23], the Faroe Islands[24] and Iceland[25], and the debates in Norway[26] and Switzerland[27] are also still ongoing. Finally, some European politicians even consider Russia's accession a possibility.[28]


It is generally expected that the states of south-east Europe will be the next states to join the European Union, and that it will still take some time for Iceland, Norway and Switzerland to join, since public opinion is not yet in favour in those three states. However, on 19 May 2006, the European Union's Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn said that he expected Iceland to join the European Union before Croatia would.[29] [30] May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... Olli Rehn Olli Rehn (born 31 March 1962) is a Finnish politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Enlargement. ...

Listed by accession date

# State Accession Special territories[I]
1–6  Belgium 23 July 1952 (ECSC)
1 January 1958 (EEC)
Flag of France France
Flag of Italy Italy
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands
Flag of West Germany West Germany[IVa]
7–9 Flag of Denmark Denmark 1 January 1973 (EC)
excl. the Flag of Faroe Islands Faroe Islands, Flag of Greenland Greenland (see above)
Flag of Republic of Ireland Ireland
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom
incl. Flag of Gibraltar Gibraltar

10 Flag of Greece Greece 1 January 1981 (EC)
11–12 Flag of Portugal Portugal 1 January 1986 (EC)
Flag of Spain Spain
13–15 Flag of Austria Austria 1 January 1995
Flag of Finland Finland
Flag of Sweden Sweden
16–25 Flag of Cyprus Cyprus[VI] 1 May 2004
Flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic
Flag of Estonia Estonia
Flag of Hungary Hungary
Flag of Latvia Latvia
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania
Flag of Malta Malta
Flag of Poland Poland
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia
Flag of Slovenia Slovenia
TBC Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria 1 January 2007/08
Flag of Romania Romania
TBD Flag of Croatia Croatia in accession negotiations
Flag of Turkey Turkey
Flag of Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia candidate country
Flag of Albania Albania potential candidate country
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of Montenegro Montenegro
 Serbia

Two parts of the Treaty of Rome deal with special relationships: Article 299 which sets out the territories to which the treaty applies, supplemented by the accession treaties; and Articles 182-188 and Annex II on association with the non-European countries and territories which have special relations with the... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Members of the European Coal and Steel Community The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was founded in 1951 (Treaty of Paris), by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to pool the steel and coal resources of its member-states. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_French_Polynesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The French Southern Territories (long name: Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, French: Territoire des Terres australes et antarctiques françaises or TAAF) are antarctic, volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean, south of Africa and about equidistant between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Saint-Pierre and Miquelon (French Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon) 46°47′N 56°12′W is a French overseas collectivity consisting of several small islands off the eastern coast of Canada near Newfoundland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Aruba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands_Antilles. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Faroe_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greenland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Gibraltar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guernsey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jersey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_isle_of_man. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... There is also an Akrotiri peninsula on the island of Crete. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bermuda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Anguilla. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_British_Virgin_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Cayman_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montserrat. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Turks_and_Caicos_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Falkland_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Pitcairn_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Helena. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_british_indian_ocean_territory. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Georgia_and_the_South_Sandwich_Islands. ... Motto: Leo Terram Propriam Protegat (Latin: The Lion shall protect his own land) Official language English Capital Grytviken Commissioner Howard Pearce Area  - Total  - % water not ranked 3,093 km² - Population  - Total (2006 E)  - Density not ranked ~20 n/a; Currency GBP Time zone UTC/GMT -2 National anthem God Save... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Aaland. ... Motto: None Anthem: Ã…länningens sÃ¥ng Capital Mariehamn Largest city Mariehamn Official language(s) Swedish Government Governor Premier Autonomous Province Peter Lindbäck Roger Nordlund Autonomy 1920 Area  - Total    - Water (%)   6,784 km² (n/a) 2,619 sq mi  77. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... There is also an Akrotiri peninsula on the island of Crete. ... De jure is a Latin expression that means by law, as contrasted with de facto, which means in fact. The terms de jure and de facto are used like in principle and in practice when one is describing political situations. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus. ... Political status de facto: Independent de jure: Recognized only by Turkey Official language Turkish Capital LefkoÅŸa (Nicosia) , Founder Rauf DenktaÅŸ President Mehmet Ali Talat Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer House Speaker Fatma EkenoÄŸlu Area  - Total  - % water 3,355 km² 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus The UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus is a 300 km (187 mile) separation barrier along the 1974 Green Line (or ceasefire line) between the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and the internationally recognised Republic of Cyprus. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malta. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... To Be Announced (TBA), To Be Confirmed (TBC), and To Be Determined (TBD), almost always used in their abbreviated forms, denote that the datum, of which TB(A/C/D) is a stand-in, is yet to be announced/confirmed/determined at the time of writing. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... To Be Announced (TBA), To Be Confirmed (TBC), and To Be Determined (TBD), almost always used in their abbreviated forms, denote that the datum, of which TB(A/C/D) is a stand-in, is yet to be announced/confirmed/determined at the time of writing. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... Motto: (English: ) Anthem: (Transliteration: ) (English: ) Capital Skopje Largest city Skopje Official language(s) Macedonian, Albanian1 Government Parliamentary republic  - President Branko Crvenkovski  - Prime Minister Vlado Bučkovski Independence From Yugoslavia   - Declared September 8, 1991  Area    - Total 25,333 km² (146th)   9,779 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_(state). ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože Pravde Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Independence    - From the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes formed December 1, 1918   - FR Yugoslavia formed April 28, 1992   - Serbia...

Listed by application date

# State Application Status
 Belgium founding members
Flag of France France
Flag of Italy Italy
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands
Flag of West Germany West Germany[IVb]
1 Flag of Republic of Ireland Ireland 1st: 31 July 1961
2nd: 11 May 1967
1st: withdrawn after Charles de Gaulle vetoed the United Kingdom's application
2nd: joined 1 January 1973
2–3 Flag of Denmark Denmark 1st: 10 August 1961
2nd: 11 May 1967
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 1st: 10 August 1961
2nd: 10 May 1967
1st: vetoed by Charles de Gaulle on 14 January 1963
2nd: joined 1 January 1973
4 Flag of Norway Norway 1st: 30 April 1962
2nd: 21 July 1967
3rd: 25 November 1992
1st: withdrawn after Charles de Gaulle vetoed the United Kingdom's application
2nd: withdrawn after a referendum on 25 September 1972
3rd: withdrawn after a referendum on 28 November 1994
5 Flag of Greece Greece 12 June 1975 joined 1 January 1981
6 Flag of Portugal Portugal 28 March 1977 joined 1 January 1986
7 Flag of Spain Spain 28 July 1977
8 Flag of Turkey Turkey 14 April 1987 in accession negotiations
9 Flag of Morocco Morocco 20 July 1987 rejected by the European Council (see geographic criteria)
10 Flag of Austria Austria 17 July 1989 joined 1 January 1995
11–12 Flag of Cyprus Cyprus 3 July 1990 joined 1 May 2004
Flag of Malta Malta
13 Flag of Sweden Sweden 1 July 1991 joined 1 January 1995
14 Flag of Finland Finland 18 March 1992
15 Flag of Switzerland Switzerland 25 May 1992 frozen after EEA membership was rejected in a referendum on 6 December 1992
16 Flag of Hungary Hungary 31 March 1994 joined 1 May 2004
17 Flag of Poland Poland 5 April 1994
18 Flag of Romania Romania 22 June 1995 acceding country, to join 1 January 2007 or 2008
19 Flag of Slovakia Slovakia 27 June 1995 joined 1 May 2004
20 Flag of Latvia Latvia 13 October 1995
21 Flag of Estonia Estonia 24 November 1995
22 Flag of Lithuania Lithuania 8 December 1995
23 Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria 14 December 1995 acceding country, to join 1 January 2007 or 2008
24 Flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic 17 January 1996 joined 1 May 2004
25 Flag of Slovenia Slovenia 10 June 1996
26 Flag of Croatia Croatia 21 February 2003 in accession negotiations
27 Flag of Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia[VII] 24 March 2004 candidate country
TBD Flag of Albania Albania not yet potential candidate country, Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) signed on 12 June 2006[31]; to be ratified by Albania, all twenty-five EU member states and the European Parliament
Flag of Montenegro Montenegro potential candidate country, in SAA negotiations since 10 October 2005 (as part of Serbia and Montenegro), mandate for separate negotiations to be issued soon
 Serbia[VIII] potential candidate country, in SAA negotiations since 10 October 2005 (as Serbia and Montenegro), suspended since 3 May 2006 over non-arrest of Ratko Mladić[32]
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina potential candidate country, in SAA negotiations since 25 October 2005

Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle ( ) (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970), in France commonly referred to as le général de Gaulle, was a French military leader and statesman. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 163 days remaining. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... A referendum on whether Norway should join the European Community was held on September 25, 1972. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1972 calendar). ... A referendum on whether Norway should join the European Union was held on November 28, 1994. ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in leap years). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Council, informally called the European summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission. ... The Copenhagen criteria are the rules that define whether a nation is eligible to join the European Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malta. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Map of the EEA countries. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... April 5 is the 95th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (96th in leap years). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years). ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia. ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... Motto: (English: ) Anthem: (Transliteration: ) (English: ) Capital Skopje Largest city Skopje Official language(s) Macedonian, Albanian1 Government Parliamentary republic  - President Branko Crvenkovski  - Prime Minister Vlado Bučkovski Independence From Yugoslavia   - Declared September 8, 1991  Area    - Total 25,333 km² (146th)   9,779 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ... March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in Leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To Be Announced (TBA), To Be Confirmed (TBC), and To Be Determined (TBD), almost always used in their abbreviated forms, denote that the datum, of which TB(A/C/D) is a stand-in, is yet to be announced/confirmed/determined at the time of writing. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... A European Union Association Agreement (Association Agreement) is a treaty between the European Union (EU) and a non-EU country that creates a framework for co-operation between them. ... June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Parliament building in Strasbourg The inside of the building The European Parliament (formerly European Parliamentary Assembly) is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_(state). ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože Pravde Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Independence    - From the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes formed December 1, 1918   - FR Yugoslavia formed April 28, 1992   - Serbia... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... General Ratko Mladić during UN-mediated talks at Sarajevo airport in 1993. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 67 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Listed by form of government

State Government Head of state Head of government
Flag of Austria Austria parliamentary federal republic President (Bundespräsident) Chancellor (Bundeskanzler)
 Belgium parliamentary federal constitutional popular monarchy King (Roi / Koning / König) Prime Minister (Premier ministre / eerste minister / Premierminister)
Flag of Cyprus Cyprus presidential unitary republic President (Πρόεδρος / Cumhurbaşkanı)
Flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic parliamentary unitary republic President (Prezident) Prime Minister (Předseda vlády)
Flag of Denmark Denmark parliamentary devolved constitutional monarchy Queen (Dronning) Prime Minister (Statsminister)
Flag of Estonia Estonia parliamentary republic President (President) Prime Minister (Peaminister)
Flag of Finland Finland semi-presidential republic President (Presidentti / President) Prime Minister (Pääministeri / Statsminister)
Flag of France France semi-presidential republic President (Président) Prime Minister (Premier ministre)
Flag of Germany Germany parliamentary federal republic President (Bundespräsident) Chancellor (Bundeskanzler)
Flag of Greece Greece parliamentary republic President (Πρόεδρος) Prime Minister (Πρωθυπουργός)
Flag of Hungary Hungary parliamentary republic President (Köztársasági elnök) Prime Minister (Miniszterelnök)
Flag of Republic of Ireland Ireland parliamentary republic President (Uachtarán) Taoiseach
Flag of Italy Italy parliamentary republic President (Presidente) Prime Minister (Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri)
Flag of Latvia Latvia parliamentary republic President (Prezidente) Prime Minister (Premjerministrs)
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania semi-presidential republic President (Prezidentas) Prime Minister (Ministras Pirmininkas)
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg parliamentary constitutional monarchy Grand Duke (Grand-duc / Großherzog / Groussherzog) Prime Minister (Premier ministre / Premierminister / Premierminister)
Flag of Malta Malta parliamentary republic President (President) Prime Minister (Prim Ministru)
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands parliamentary constitutional monarchy Queen (Koningin) Prime Minister (Minister-president)
Flag of Poland Poland parliamentary republic President (Prezydent) Prime Minister (Prezes Rady Ministrów)
Flag of Portugal Portugal parliamentary republic President (Presidente) Prime Minister (Primeiro-Ministro)
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia parliamentary republic President (Prezident) Prime Minister (Predseda vlády)
Flag of Slovenia Slovenia parliamentary republic President (Predsednik) Prime Minister (Predsednik vlade)
Flag of Spain Spain parliamentary constitutional monarchy King (Rey) Prime Minister (Presidente del Gobierno)
Flag of Sweden Sweden parliamentary constitutional monarchy King (Kung) Prime Minister (Statsminister)
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom parliamentary constitutional monarchy Queen Prime Minister

Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... The head of government is the leader of the government or cabinet. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... The Federal Republic of Germany and its sixteen Bundesländer (Federal States) A federal republic is a state which is both a federation and a republic. ... The Leopoldine Wing of Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna: home to the offices of the Federal President. ... The Federal Chancellor of Austria (Bundeskanzler) is the head of government in Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... A map showing the federal states. ... Popular Monarchy is a system of monarchical governance which came into occasional usage in the nineteenth century1 in which the monarchs title is linked with the people, rather than the state. ... Successive Belgian kings are 1831-1865: Léopold I (34) 1865-1909: Léopold II (44) 1909-1934: Albert I (25) 1934-1951: Léopold III (16) 1944-1950: Charles, reigned as Prince Regent 1951-1993: Baudouin I (42) Since 1993: Albert II (13) None of these were King of... This is a list of Prime Ministers of Belgium, known regionally as: Premier Ministre in French, Eerste Minister in Dutch, and Premierminister in German. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ... Republics with presidential systems are shown in blue A presidential system, or a congressional system, is a system of government of a republic where the executive branch is elected separately from the legislative. ... A map showing the unitary states. ... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... The President of Cyprus is the countrys head of state. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... A map showing the unitary states. ... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... Flag of the President of the Czech Republic This is a list of presidents of the Czech Republic. ... This is a list of Prime Ministers of the Czech Republic, including the period when the republics territory was part of federative Czechoslovakia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... For the heavy metal band, see Devolved (band) Devolution or home rule is the granting of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This is a list of Danish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queen of Denmark, including Regents of the Kalmar Union. ... This is a list over the heads of government in Denmark, from the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in 1849 until present. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... The President of Estonia is the head of state of the Republic of Estonia. ... The Prime Minister of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariigi Peaminister) is the head of government of the Republic of Estonia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... States with semi-presidential systems are shown in yellow The semi-presidential system is a system of government that features both a prime minister and a president who are active participants in the day to day functioning of government. ... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... The President of Finland (Suomen Tasavallan Presidentti; Republiken Finlands President) is the Head of State of Finland. ... The Prime Minister (Finnish Pääministeri, Swedish: Statsminister) is the head of government in Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... States with semi-presidential systems are shown in yellow The semi-presidential system is a system of government that features both a prime minister and a president who are active participants in the day to day functioning of government. ... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... The President of the French Republic (French: Président de la République française) colloquially referred to as President of France, is Frances elected Head of State and also the ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra and Grand Master of the Légion dhonneur. ... The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre de la France) is the functional head of the Cabinet of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... The Federal Republic of Germany and its sixteen Bundesländer (Federal States) A federal republic is a state which is both a federation and a republic. ... The President of Germany (German: Bundespräsident) is Germanys head of state. ... The head of government of Germany has been known as the Chancellor (German: Kanzler) ever since the creation of the post. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... The flag of the President of Greece This is a list of presidents of Greece. ... Note on Greek names: There is no firm convention for the rendering of Greek personal names into English. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... The first republic The 1848 revolution had particular impact on the Kingdom of Hungary. ... This is a list of Prime Ministers of Hungary: Prime Ministers of Hungary, 1848-1849 Count Lajos Batthyány: 17 March - 2 October 1848 Baron Ádám Récsey: 3 October - 26 November 1848 Lajos Kossuth: 26 November 1848 - 11 August 1849 Bertalan Szemere: 11 August - 13 August 1849 Prime Ministers of Hungary... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... The President of Ireland (Irish: Uachtarán na hÉireann) is the head of state of the Republic of Ireland. ... The Taoiseach[1] (plural: Taoisigh) or, more formally, An Taoiseach, is the head of government of the Republic of Ireland and the leader of the Irish cabinet. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... This is the list of Presidents of the Italian Republic with the title since 1948. ... The prime minister of Italy is officially the President of the Council of Ministers (Italian: ). // List Kingdom of Italy Italian Republic See also List of Presidents of the Italian Republic Politics of Italy History of Italy Italian Minister of the Interior Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Italian Minister of Defense... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... See also: Lists of office-holders Categories: Lists of office-holders | Presidents of Latvia ... The Prime Minister of Latvia is the most powerful member of the Latvian government, and presides over the Latvian cabinet. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... States with semi-presidential systems are shown in yellow The semi-presidential system is a system of government that features both a prime minister and a president who are active participants in the day to day functioning of government. ... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... The following is a list of Lithuanian rulers - kings, grand dukes, governors and presidents of Lithuania or administrative units, that encompassed the territory of Lithuania during the periods of occupations. ... The Prime Minister of Lithuania is the head of the executive arm of Lithuanias government, and is chosen by the Lithuanian parliament. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg (House of Nassau-Weilburg, agnatically the House of Bourbon) consists of the extended family of the sovereign Grand Duke. ... The head of government in Luxembourg is known as the President of the Government. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malta. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... The office of the President of Malta, known in Maltese as President ta Malta, came into being on 13th December 1974, when Malta became a republic within the Commonwealth. ... The Prime Minister of Malta is the most powerful figure within the government of Malta, although the President of Malta has higher rank. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Netherlands have been an independent monarchy since March 16, 1815, and have been governed by members of the House of Orange-Nassau since. ... The Prime Minister of the Netherlands (Minister-President in Dutch) is the chairman of the council of ministers and active executive authority of the Dutch government. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... Flag of the President of Poland The President of the Republic of Poland plays a very important part in the Polish legal system. ... The Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland represents the Council of Ministers (the Cabinet) and directs their work, supervises territorial self-government within the guidelines and in ways described in the Constitution and other legislation, and acts as the superior for all government administration workers (heading the public service... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... Categories: Lists of office-holders | Portugal | Presidents of Portugal ... In Portugal, the post of Prime Minister (Portuguese: Primeiro-Ministro) is the head of the countrys Government. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... Flag of the President of Slovakia This is a list of the Presidents of Slovakia. ... // Chairman/President of the Provisional Government for Slovakia (1918; within Czechoslovakia) Vavro Å robár (4 November 1918 – 14 November 1918) – ceased with the adoption of the Czechoslovak constitution Chairman of the Revolutionary Governing Council of the Slovak Soviet Republic (1919; in rebellion in eastern Slovakia) Antonín JanouÅ¡ek (20... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... Presidents of Slovenia: Milan Kučan (1990-2002) Janez Drnovšek (2002-2008) Categories: Lists of office-holders ... There have been five prime ministers of Slovenia since that country gained its independence in the breakup of Yugoslavia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This is a list of Spanish monarchs—that is, rulers of the country of Spain in the modern sense of the word. ... The Prime Minister, or President of the Government (Spanish: Presidente del Gobierno), of Spain is the Spanish head of government. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... The Prime Minister or Statsminister is the head of Government in Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article describes the British monarchy from the perspective of the United Kingdom. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the head of government and so exercises many of the executive functions nominally vested in the Sovereign, who is head of state. ...

Listed by type of parliament

State Unicameral /
bicameral
Overall name of legislature
Lower house Upper house
Flag of Austria Austria bicameral Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung)
National Council (Nationalrat) Federal Council (Bundesrat)
 Belgium bicameral[IX] Federal Parliament (Federaal Parlement / Parlement Fédérale / Föderales Parlament)
Chamber of People's Representatives
(Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers /
Chambre des Représentants /
Abgeordnetenkammer)
Senate (Senaat / Sénat / Senat)
Flag of Cyprus Cyprus unicameral House of Representatives (Βουλή των Αντιπροσώπων / Temsilciler Meclisi)
Flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic bicameral Parliament (Parlament)
Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna) Senate (Senát)
Flag of Denmark Denmark unicameral Parliament (Folketing)
Flag of Estonia Estonia unicameral Parliament (Riigikogu)
Flag of Finland Finland unicameral Parliament (Eduskunta / Riksdag)
Flag of France France bicameral Parliament (Parlement)
National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Senate (Sénat)
Flag of Germany Germany bicameral Federal Diet (Bundestag) Federal Council (Bundesrat)
Flag of Greece Greece unicameral Parliament (Βουλή των Ελλήνων)
Flag of Hungary Hungary unicameral National Assembly (Országgyűlés)
Flag of Republic of Ireland Ireland bicameral Parliament (Oireachtas)
Meeting (Dáil) Senate (Seanad)
Flag of Italy Italy bicameral Parliament (Parlamento)
Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei deputati) Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica)
Flag of Latvia Latvia unicameral Parliament (Saeima)
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania unicameral Parliament (Seimas)
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg unicameral Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés / Abgeordnetenkammer / Châmber vun Députéirten)
Flag of Malta Malta unicameral House of Representatives (il-Kamra tar-Raprezentanti)
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands bicameral States-General (Staten-Generaal)
Second Chamber (Tweede Kamer) First Chamber (Eerste Kamer)
Flag of Poland Poland bicameral National Assembly (Zgromadzanie Narodowe)
Parliament (Sejm) Senate (Senat)
Flag of Portugal Portugal unicameral Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República)
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia unicameral National Council (Národná rada)
Flag of Slovenia Slovenia bicameral National Assembly (Državni zbor) National Council (Državni svet)
Flag of Spain Spain bicameral General Courts (Cortes Generales)
Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados) Senate (Senado)
Flag of Sweden Sweden unicameral Diet (Riksdag)
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom bicameral Parliament
House of Commons House of Lords

A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ... An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... The Federal Assembly of Austria or Österreichische Bundesversammlung is a federal-level deliberative body consisting of the members of the two houses of the Austrian parliament, the National Council and the Federal Council, in joint session. ... The National Council or Nationalrat is one of the two houses of the Federal Assembly, the bicameral federal parliament of the Federal Republic of Austria. ... The Federal Council of Austria or Bundesrat is one of the two separate councils of parliament of Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... The Belgian Federal Parliament is a bicameral parliament. ... The Belgian Chamber of Representatives (Dutch: de Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers, French: la Chambre des Représentants) is one of the two chambers of the Belgian Federal Parliament. ... The Belgian Senate (Dutch: de Senaat, French: le Sénat) is one of the two chambers of the Belgian Federal Parliament. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The House of Representatives (Vouli Antiprosópon/Temsilciler Meclisi) is the parliament of Cyprus. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... The Parliament of the Czech Republic (in Czech Parlament ÄŒeské republiky) is the legislative body of the Czech Republic. ... The Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic (in Czech Poslanecká snÄ›movna Parlamentu ÄŒeské republiky, abbr. ... The Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic (Czech: , usually referred to as Senát) is the upper chamber of the Parliament of the Czech Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Folketing, or Folketinget, is the name of the national parliament of Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Riigikogu is the legislative assembly of Estonia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Eduskunta (in Finnish), or the Riksdag (in Swedish), is the Parliament of Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... The Parlement of France is bicameral, and consists of the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and the Senate (Sénat). ... The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly (French: Assemblée nationale) is one of the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. ... The Senate amphitheater in the Luxembourg Palace The Senate (in French :le Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Federal States (Länder) of Germany at the federal level. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Hellenic Parliament (Greek: Βουλή των Ελλήνων; transliterated Vouli ton Ellinon; literally Council of the Greeks) is the parliament of Greece, located in Syntagma Square in Athens. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The National Assembly of Hungary (Országgyűlés) is the national parliament of Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... The Oireachtas is the National Parliament of the Republic of Ireland. ... The Dáil Chamber Dáil Éireann[1] is the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland. ... The Seanad Chamber The Seanad meets in the former picture gallery in Leinster House. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... The Parliament of Italy (Italian: Parlamento Italiano) is the national parliament of Italy. ... The Italian Chamber of Deputies (Italian: Camera dei Deputati) is the lower house of the Parliament of Italy. ... The Italian Senate (Italian: Senato della Repubblica, Senate of the Republic) is the upper house of the Parliament of Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Saeima Plenary Chamber The Saeima is the parliament of the Republic of Latvia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... Seimas is the Lithuanian parliament. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Chamber of Deputies (French: Chambre des Députés) is the unicameral legislative branch of the government of Luxembourg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malta. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Parliament of Malta, the House of Representatives (Il-Kamra tar-Raprezentanti), has 65 members, elected for a five year term in 13 5-seat constituencies with a possibility of rewarding bonus members for the popular largest party which doesnt succeed in getting absolute majority in parliament. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... The States-General (Staten-Generaal) is the parliament of the Netherlands. ... The Tweede Kamer (second chamber) is the lower house of the Staten-Generaal, the parliament in the Netherlands. ... The Eerste Kamer (literally First Chamber in Dutch) is the Upper House or Senate of the Netherlands parliament, the States-General. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... The National Assembly (Zgromadzanie Narodowe) is the name of both chambers of the Polish parliament, the Sejm and the Senate, when sitting in joint session. ... This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... The Polish Senate The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Assembly of the Republic (Portuguese: Assembleia da República) is the Portuguese parliament; its building in Lisbon is referred to as Palácio de São Bento (Saint Benedicts Palace). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The National Council of the Slovak Republic (in Slovak: Národná rada Slovenskej republiky, often just: Národná rada) (NR SR) has been the name of the parliament of Slovakia since 1993 (more precisely since 1 October 1992). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... The National Assembly (Državni zbor) is the assembly of the parliament of the Republic of Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... The Cortes Generales (English: General Courts) is the Spanish legislature. ... The Spanish Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spains legislative branch. ... The Spanish Senate (Spanish: Senado) is the upper house of the Cortes Generales, Spains legislative branch. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Riksdag or Sveriges Riksdag is the Parliament of Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... The Houses of Parliament, seen over Westminster Bridge The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories. ... The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the British House of Lords. ...

Notes

I : Under the provisions of the Antarctic Treaty System, the territorial claims of France and the United Kingdom (Adélie Land and the British Antarctic Territory, respectively) have been suspended (along with the other five claims) since 23 June 1961; consequently, ISO 3166-1 catalogues the whole of Antarctica as international territory under the code ATA since 1979. However, European Union treaties (e.g. the proposed Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe in its Annex II[33]) nonetheless list those territories as associated with the European Union.
II : The communes of Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin decided (in referenda held on 7 December 2003) to become separate overseas collectivities (French: collectivités d'outre-mer or COM). This change will be implemented in early 2007; it is currently unknown whether they will remain part of the European Union or become associated territories like Mayotte.[34]
III : The Netherlands Antilles will be restructured on 1 July 2007. Curaçao and Sint Maarten will become countries inside the Kingdom of the Netherlands (together with Aruba and the Netherlands per se). Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius will become part of the Netherlands as the Kingdom Islands, and will thereby also become part of the European Union.[35]
IVa b : On 3 October 1990, Flag of East Germany East Germany joined Flag of West Germany West Germany through the process of German reunification; since then, the reunited Flag of Germany Germany has been a single member state.[36]
Va b : The UK Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri (Ακρωτήρι/Agrotur) and Dhekelia (Δεκέλεια/Dikelya) on Cyprus did not join the European Union when the United Kingdom joined, and Cyprus' Accession Treaty specifically stated that this would not change with the accession of Cyprus to the European Union.
VI : Officially, the whole island is part of the European Union and Turkish Cypriots are citizens of the European Union. Since the Greek Cypriot side rejected the Annan Plan for the reunification of the southern part and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in a referendum on 24 April 2004, however, European Union law is only applied in the southern part currently. Had the referendum been in favour on both sides of the island, Cyprus, Northern Cyprus and the UN Buffer Zone would have joined the European Union together as the United Cyprus Republic. Talks on resolving the Cyprus dispute are expected to be continued in the future under United Nations supervision[37]; Cypriot reunification is supported by the European Union.[38]
VII : As the result of a naming dispute with Greece, the Republic of Macedonia is officially referred to as the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) by the European Union.[39] Negotiations on the issue are still underway under United Nations supervision, and are expected to gain speed after the Macedonian parliamentary election on 5 July 2006.[40]
VIII : Including Kosovo under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 of 10 June 1999.[41] The future status of Kosovo is currently being negotiated between the Serbs and the Kosovo Albanians in talks held in Vienna under the supervision of the United Nations, with the Kosovo Albanians demanding full independence and the Serbs rejecting anything more than complete autonomy.[42] A final decision is expected before the end of 2006.
IX : Additionally, the Brussels Regional Parliament (Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Parlement / Parliament de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale / Brüsseler Regionalparlament) (regional assembly), Flemish Parliament (Vlaams Parlement) (regional and community assembly), the Walloon Parliament (Parlement wallon) (regional assembly), the Parliament of the French Community (Parlement de la Communauté française) (community assembly) and the Parliament of the German-speaking Community (Parlament der Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft) (community assembly) have competences in federal legislation that affects their interests.

The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate the international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ... Territorial claims of Antarctica Antarctica territories Currently there are seven claimant nations who maintain a territorial claim on eight territories in Antarctica. ... Adélie Land is the portion of the Antarctic coast between Pourquoi Pas Point at 66°12S, 136°11E and Point Alden at 66°48S, 142°02E, with a shore length of 350 km and with its hinterland extending as a sector about 2600 km toward... Flag of the British Antarctic Territory The British Antarctic Territory is the British claim to land and islands in Antarctica, and is the oldest territorial claim on the continent. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... ISO 3166-1 as part of the ISO 3166 standard provides codes for the names of countries and dependent areas. ... E.G. is an Australian only release EP from New Zealand four piece Goodshirt. ... The constitutional treaty as signed in Rome on 29 October 2004 by representatives of the EU member states The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (TCE), commonly referred to as the European Constitution, is an international treaty intended to create a constitution for the European Union. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Gustavia Harbor, St. ... St. ... December 7 is the 341st day (342nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A collectivité doutre-mer (in English Overseas Community) or COM, is an administrative division of France. ... (Redirected from 1 July) July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Curaçao. ... Anthem: Himno di Kòrsou Capital Willemstad Area  - Total  - % water (Not ranked) 450 km² Negligible Population  - Total  - Density 173,400 (2006) 391/km² Curaçao (pronounced [kurasão]) is an island in the southern part of the Caribbean Sea off the coast of Venezuela. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sint_Maarten. ... St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bonaire. ... Flag of Bonaire Bonaire is an island in the Netherlands Antilles, and as such, is a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saba. ... National motto: Remis Velisque. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sint_Eustatius. ... Map showing location of Sint Eustatius relative to Saba and Sint Maarten/Saint Martin Sint Eustatius (also Saint Eustace and Statia) is one of the islands making up the Netherlands Antilles; it is in the northern, Leeward Islands portion of this territory, to the east of the Virgin Islands at... (In Detail) National motto: Libertate unanimus (Latin: Unified by freedom) Official language Dutch Capital Willemstad Queen Beatrix Governor Frits Goedgedrag Prime minister Etiënne Ys Area - Total - % water (All islands) 960 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2005)  - Density (All islands) 218,126 221/km² Dependent area of Netherlands Currency Netherlands Antillean... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... GDR redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR, in English commonly called East Germany) were incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, in... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The UK Sovereign Base Areas are those British military base areas located in countries formerly ruled by the United Kingdom which were retained by it and not handed over when those countries attained independence. ... There is also an Akrotiri peninsula on the island of Crete. ... The Treaty of Accession 2003 was the agreement between the European Union and ten countries (Czech Republic, Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia), concerning these countries accession into the EU. At the same time it changed a number of points which were originally laid down in the... Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish, as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ... Greek Cypriot refers to the Greek-speaking population of Cyprus. ... The Annan Plan was a United Nations proposal to bring about the reunification of the divided island nation of Cyprus as the United Cyprus Republic. ... Political status de facto: Independent de jure: Recognized only by Turkey Official language Turkish Capital LefkoÅŸa (Nicosia) , Founder Rauf DenktaÅŸ President Mehmet Ali Talat Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer House Speaker Fatma EkenoÄŸlu Area  - Total  - % water 3,355 km² 2. ... The two sectors of the divided island of Cyprus held a referendum on reunification on 24 April 2004. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Union is unique among international organisations in having a complex and highly developed system of internal law which has direct effect within the legal systems of its member states. ... Image File history File links Proposed_flag_of_the_United_Cyprus_Republic. ... The Annan Plan was a United Nations proposal to bring about the reunification of the divided island nation of Cyprus as the United Cyprus Republic. ... The Cyprus Dispute is the conflict between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots and also Republic of Cyprus and Turkey over Cyprus, an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. ... United Nations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Motto: (English: ) Anthem: (Transliteration: ) (English: ) Capital Skopje Largest city Skopje Official language(s) Macedonian, Albanian1 Government Parliamentary republic  - President Branko Crvenkovski  - Prime Minister Vlado Bučkovski Independence From Yugoslavia   - Declared September 8, 1991  Area    - Total 25,333 km² (146th)   9,779 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with UN General Assembly Resolution 1244. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... The Albanians are an ethnic group generally associated with Albania, Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia and the Albanian language. ... Vienna (German: Wien ; Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian: Beč, Czech: Vídeň, Hungarian: Bécs, Romanian: Viena, Romani: Bech or Vidnya, Russian: Вена, Slovak: Viedeň, Slovenian: Dunaj) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Council of the Region of Brussels-Capital, or Brussels Regional Parliament (French: Conseil de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale or Parlement Bruxellois, Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Parlement or Brusselse Hoofdstedelijke Raad), is the Parliament of the Brussels-Capital Region, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... The Flemish Parliament (Dutch: Vlaams Parlement, and formerly called Flemish Council or Vlaamse Raad) constitutes the legislative power in Flanders, for matters which fall within the competence of Flanders, both as a geographic region and a cultural and linguistic community of Belgium. ... The Walloon Parliament, or Walloon Regional Parliament (French: Parlement wallon or Parlement régional wallon; formerly Walloon Regional Council or Conseil régional wallon), is the parliament of Wallonia, the southern region of Belgium. ... The Parliament of the German Speaking Community (Parlament der Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft or PDG) is the legislative assembly of the German-speaking community of Belgium based in Eupen. ...

Timeline

References

  1. ^ European Commission (2005-11-10). 1993. The History of the European Union. Retrieved on 2006-01-18.
  2. ^ European Commission (2005-11-10). 1952. The History of the European Union. Retrieved on 2006-01-18.
  3. ^ European Commission (2005-11-10). 2002. The History of the European Union. Retrieved on 2006-01-18.
  4. ^ European Commission (2005-11-10). 1958. The History of the European Union. Retrieved on 2006-01-18.
  5. ^ European Commission (2005-11-10). 1967. The History of the European Union. Retrieved on 2006-01-18.
  6. ^ European Commission (2006-03-13). Acceding Countries. Enlargement Countries. Retrieved on 2006-03-23.
  7. ^ Ayliffe, Daisy, "EU issues Romania deadline", EUPolitix, 2006-06-08. Retrieved on 2006-06-09.
  8. ^ European Commission (2006-03-13). Candidate Countries. Enlargement Countries. Retrieved on 2006-03-23.
  9. ^ European Commission (2006-03-13). Potential Candidate Countries. Enlargement Countries. Retrieved on 2006-03-23.
  10. ^ Staff writer. "Rehn: Croatia will not join EU before 2010", EurActiv, 2006-06-09. Retrieved on 2006-06-12.
  11. ^ European Commission (2005-11-10). 1972. The History of the European Union. Retrieved on 2006-01-18.
  12. ^ European Commission (2005-11-10). 1994. The History of the European Union. Retrieved on 2006-01-18.
  13. ^ European Commission (2005-11-10). 1985. The History of the European Union. Retrieved on 2006-01-18.
  14. ^ Nadler, Gerald, "Saakashvili: Georgia Will Join NATO, EU", ABC News, 2005-09-14. Retrieved on 2006-03-23.
  15. ^ Staff writer. "Moldova seeks Latvia's help to become EU associate member", EUbusiness, 2005-09-27. Retrieved on 2006-03-23.
  16. ^ Graupner, Hardy, "Ukraine's President Stresses Aim to Join EU", Deutsche Welle, 2005-03-09. Retrieved on 2006-03-23.
  17. ^ O'Rourke, Breffni, "EU: Brussels Says No Point In Near Neighbors Seeking To Join Union Now", Radio Free Europe, 2005-05-04. Retrieved on 2006-03-23.
  18. ^ Staff writer. "Cape Verde PM discusses special partnership with EU", afrol News, 2005-11-15. Retrieved on 2006-05-06.
  19. ^ Staff writer. "EU membership for Cape Verde proposed in Portugal", afrol News, 2005-03-16. Retrieved on 2006-05-06.
  20. ^ Staff writer. "EU, Cape Verde display different interests in integration", afrol News, 2006-03-30. Retrieved on 2006-05-10.
  21. ^ Staff writer. "Andorra flirts with closer EU relationship", EuroNews, 2006-05-10. Retrieved on 2006-05-10.
  22. ^ Danielyan, Emil, "Armenian Speaker At Odds With Government Over NATO Membership", EurasiaNet, 2006-05-05. Retrieved on 2006-05-06.
  23. ^ Staff writer. "Lithuania to aid Azeri EU integration", AzerNEWS, 2006-06-14. Retrieved on 2006-06-16.
  24. ^ Spongenberg, Helena, "Fish keep Faroe Islands at a distance from EU", EUobserver, 2006-05-04. Retrieved on 2006-05-06.
  25. ^ Staff writer. "Iceland and the European integration", Icelandic Ministry of Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs, 2005-05-31. Retrieved on 2006-05-06.
  26. ^ Staff writer. "Norway — so close to the EU, yet still so far away", EUbusiness, 2005-09-07. Retrieved on 2006-05-15.
  27. ^ Staff writer. "Swiss government says EU membership still an option, but not for now", EUbusiness, 2005-10-26. Retrieved on 2006-05-15.
  28. ^ Staff writer. "Italian PM Berlusconi confident Russia will join EU", EUbusiness, 2005-11-17. Retrieved on 2006-05-15.
  29. ^ Taylor, Paul. "EU sees expansion set to slow down", The Scotsman, 2006-05-19. Retrieved on 2006-05-21.
  30. ^ Dombey, Daniel. "EU enlargement chief looks wistfully to Iceland", Financial Times, 2006-05-20. Retrieved on 2006-05-21.
  31. ^ Staff writer. "Albania signed SAA agreement with EU", DTT-NET.COM, 2006-06-12. Retrieved on 2006-06-12.
  32. ^ Staff writer. "EU Suspends Talks on Closer Ties With Serbia", Deutsche Welle, 2005-05-03. Retrieved on 2006-05-23.
  33. ^ EUR-Lex (2005-04-15). Annex II — Overseas countries and territories to which Title IV of Part III of the Constitution applies. Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. Retrieved on 2006-05-19.
  34. ^ Law, Gwillim (2005-11-19). Arrondissements of Guadeloupe. Statoids. Retrieved on 2006-02-21.
  35. ^ Law, Gwillim (2005-11-19). Netherlands Antilles. Statoids. Retrieved on 2006-02-21.
  36. ^ European Commission (2005-11-10). 1990. The History of the European Union. Retrieved on 2006-01-18.
  37. ^ Shanglin, Luan. "Annan urges Cypriots to resume reunification talks", Xinhua News Agency, 2006-05-25. Retrieved on 2006-05-26.
  38. ^ European Commission (2006-03-07). Turkish Cypriot community. Enlargement. Retrieved on 2006-05-30.
  39. ^ European Commission (2006-03-07). The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Enlargement — Country Profile. Retrieved on 2006-05-30.
  40. ^ Staff writer. "Mallias: Name dialogue to resume after elections", Press Online, 2006-05-04. Retrieved on 2006-05-30.
  41. ^ European Commission (2006-03-13). Potential Candidate Countries. Enlargement Countries. Retrieved on 2006-03-23.
  42. ^ Staff writer. "Fourth round of UN-chaired direct talks on Kosovo begins tomorrow", UN News, 2006-05-03. Retrieved on 2006-05-27.

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m