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Encyclopedia > List of China administrative regions by ethnic group

The list below outlines the distribution of the nationalities of China among provinces and province-level entities of Mainland China, according to the census of 2000. The provinces and province-level entities are listed by region. The classification of ethnic groups follows the official classification of the PRC. The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multinational unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... In this map of China, the light-coloured areas represent Mainland China, while yellow coloured area refers to Taiwan. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Some ethnic groups, for instance, Mosuo people, although classified as Nakhi, do not regard themselves as part of any of the 56 groups identified by the PRC government. Some scholars made hypothesis that they are descendants of Mongols. The Mosuo are a small ethnic culture living in the Yunnan Province in China. ... Categories: Ethnic groups of China ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ...


Taiwan province, which is completely under jurisdiction of the Republic of China in Taipei, is not listed. Please refer to Demographics of Taiwan for more information. Hong Kong and Macao, which are not part of Mainland China but special administrative regions, are also excluded. Please refer to Demographics of Hong Kong and Demographics of Macau. Taiwan Province can refer to an existing administrative division under the government of the Republic of China or the claimed 23rd province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: 中華民國; Simplified Chinese: 中华民国; Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo, Tongyong Pinyin: JhongHuá MínGuó, Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó) is a multiparty democratic state that is de facto composed of the island groups of Taiwan, the Pescadores, Quemoy, and the Matsu. ... The Republic of China has a population of 22. ... Hong Kong (香港; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2; Yale: heūng góng; pinyin: Xiānggǎng; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) is one of the two Special Administrative Regions of the Peoples Republic of China. ... National motto: none Official language Chinese and Portuguese Chief Executive Edmund Ho Hau-wah Area - Total - % water Not ranked 27. ... In this map of China, the light-coloured areas represent Mainland China, while yellow coloured area refers to Taiwan. ... A Special Administrative Region (SAR) (Simplified Chinese: 特别行政区; Traditional Chinese: 特別行政區; pinyin: tèbié xíngzhèngqū; Cantonese IPA: /tɐk6piːt6 hɐŋ4tsɪŋ3kʰɵy1/; Jyutping: dak6bit6 hang4zing3keoi1; Yale: dahkbiht hàhngjingkeūi) is a political subdivision of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Hong Kongs population has increased steadily over the past decade, reaching about 7. ... Macaus population is 95% Chinese, primarily Cantonese and some Hakka, both from nearby Guangdong Province. ...


Autonomous regions are marked with an asterisk *.

Contents

Northeast and northern

Ethnic groups Beijing Hebei Heilong-
jiang
Henan Inner Mongolia* Jilin Liaoning Shandong Shanxi Tianjin
Daur - - - - 0.3% - - - - -
Han 96% 96% 95% 98.8% 79% 91% 84% 99.3% 99.7% 97%
Hui 2% 0.8% 0.4% 1% 0.9% 0.5% 0.6% - 0.6% -
Korean - - 1% - - 4% 0.6% - - -
Manchu 2% 3% 3% - 2% 4% 13% - - 2%
Mongol 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% - 17%* 0.6% - - - -
Xibe - - - - - - 0.3% - - -
Population 14,230,000 67,350,000 38,130,000 96,130,000 23,790,000 26,990,000

The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multinational unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Beijing  listen (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Pei-ching; ; Postal System Pinyin: Peking), is the capital city of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Not to be confused with the unrelated province of Hubei Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: Hébĕi; Wade-Giles: Ho-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hopeh), is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Heilongjiang (Simplified Chinese: 黑龙江省; Traditional Chinese: 黑龍江省; pinyin: Hēilóngjiāng; Postal System Pinyin: Heilungkiang) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. ... Not to be confused with the unrelated provinces of Hainan and Hunan Henan (Chinese: 河南; pinyin: Hénán; Wade-Giles: Ho-nan), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. ... Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N i Měnggǔ Z qū) is an Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jilin (Chinese: 吉林; pinyin: Jílín; Wade-Giles: Chi-lin; Postal System Pinyin: Kirin), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. ... Liaoning (Simplified Chinese: 辽宁; Traditional Chinese: 遼寧; pinyin: Liáoníng) is a northeastern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Shandong (Simplified Chinese: 山东; Traditional Chinese: 山東; pinyin: Shāndōng; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ... Not to be confused with the neighboring province of Shaanxi Shanxi (Chinese: 山西; pinyin: Shānxī; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shansi) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Tianjin (Chinese: 天津; pinyin: tiān jīn; Postal System Pinyin: Tientsin) is a harbour municipality in China on the Hai He River (from Beijing) and Bohai Gulf of the Yellow Sea (Pacific Ocean). ... The Daur people are an ethnic group. ... Han Chinese (Simplified: 汉; Traditional: 漢; Pinyin: hàn) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The Hui (回) ethnic group is unrelated to the Hui (徽) dialects. ... Korean is: A person from or something related to Korea. ... The Manchu (manju in Manchu; 滿族 (pinyin: mǎnzú) in Chinese, often shortened to 滿 (pinyin: mǎn) are an ethnic group who originated in northeastern Manchuria. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... The Xibe (Sibe; Chinese, 錫伯 Xíbó) are a Chinese ethnic group living mostly in northeast China and Xinjiang. ...

Northwest

Ethnic groups Gansu Ningxia* Shaanxi Xinjiang*
Dongxiang 2% - - 0.3%
Han 91% 79% 99.5% 41%
Hui 5% 20%* 0.4% 5%
Kazakh - - - 7%
Kirghiz - - - 0.9%
Manchu - 0.4% - -
Mongol - - - 0.8%
Tajik - - - 0.2%
Tibetan 2% - - -
Uyghur - - - 45%*
Population 25,930,000 5,720,000 36,740,000 19,050,000

The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multinational unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... This article or section should include material from Gansu, China Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; pinyin: Gānsù; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, or modified as Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Ningxia (Simplified Chinese: 宁夏; Traditional Chinese: 寧夏; pinyin: Níngxià; Wade-Giles: Ning-hsia) is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China, located on the northwest loess highland, the Yellow River flows through a vast area of its land. ... Not to be confused with the neighboring province of Shanxi Shaanxi (Simplified Chinese: 陕西; Traditional Chinese: 陝西; pinyin: Shǎnxī; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shensi, pronounced like Shahn-shee) is a northwestern province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on... Xinjiang (Chinese: 新疆; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsin1-chiang1; Postal Pinyin: Sinkiang; literal meaning: New Frontier; Uyghur: ) Uyghurs Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), sometimes known as Chinese Turkestan, East Turkestan (Turkestan also spelled Turkistan) or Uyghuristan. ... The Dongxiang people (Chinese: 东乡族; pinyin: Dōngxiāngzú) are an ethnic group closely related to the Mongolians. ... Han Chinese (Simplified: 汉; Traditional: 漢; Pinyin: hàn) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The Hui (回) ethnic group is unrelated to the Hui (徽) dialects. ... A Kazakh and his camel The Kazakhs (Qazaq, Quazaq), (in Kazakh: Казак; in Russian: Казах; English term is the transliteration from Russian) are a Turkic people of the northern parts of Central Asia famous in the past for the fierce love of freedom, skillful horse riding, hunting with semi-domesticated... Kirghiz (also Kyrgyz) are a Turkic ethnic group found primarily in Kyrgyzstan. ... The Manchu (manju in Manchu; 滿族 (pinyin: mǎnzú) in Chinese, often shortened to 滿 (pinyin: mǎn) are an ethnic group who originated in northeastern Manchuria. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Tajik (塔吉克族; pinyin: tǎjíkè zú) is one of the of the 56 nationalities officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China. ... A Tibetan pilgrim The Tibetans speak the Tibetan language natively and form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), although in anthropological terms they include more than one ethnic group. ... Uyghurs (also called Uighurs, Uygurs, or Uigurs) (Simplified Chinese: 维吾尔; Traditional Chinese: 維吾爾; pinyin: ) are a Turkic ethnic group of people living in northwestern China (mainly in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, where they are the dominant ethnic group together with Han people), Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. ...

Southwest

Eastern and central-southern

Southeast

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Nationalities of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (951 words)
In addition to the 56 officially recognized ethnic groups, there are some Chinese who privately classify themselves as members of unrecognized ethnic groups (such as Jewish, Tuvan, Oirat and Ili Turki), although most Chinese who are uncertain of their specific ethnicity identify themselves generically as Han.
In the PRC and the Republic of China, the various ethnic groups in China are part of a broader "civil ethnicity" known as the Chinese nation (中華民族; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínzú).
The multi-ethnic nature of China results in many centuries of assimilation, expansion and modern consolidation of territories incorporated by the Qing dynasty, whose emperors were themselves Manchu and not members of the majority Han.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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