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The Prime Ministers of Canada
While there is a long standard tradition of considering John A. Macdonald Canada's first Prime Minister, since he was prime minister after Canadian Confederation, a number of modern scholars, foremost amongst them John Ralston Saul, argue that Robert Baldwin and Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine are truly Canada's first Prime Ministers. They were the first to govern the Province of Canada (consisting then of only Canada East and Canada West — modern Quebec and Ontario, respectively) as democratically elected leaders.
# Name Took Office Left Office Party Electoral District 1. Sir John A. Macdonald July 1, 1867 November 5, 1873 Liberal-Conservative Kingston (ON) 2. Alexander Mackenzie November 7, 1873 October 8, 1878 Liberal Lambton (ON) Sir John A. Macdonald ( 2nd time) October 17, 1878 June 6, 1891 Conservative Victoria (BC), Carleton (ON), and Kingston (ON) 3. Sir John Abbott June 16, 1891 November 24, 1892 Conservative Inkerman* (QC) 4. Sir John Thompson December 5, 1892 December 12, 1894 Conservative Antigonish (NS) 5. Sir Mackenzie Bowell December 21, 1894 April 27, 1896 Conservative Hastings* (ON) 6. Sir Charles Tupper May 1, 1896 July 8, 1896 Conservative Cape Breton (NS) 7. Sir Wilfrid Laurier July 11, 1896 October 7, 1911 Liberal Quebec East (QC) 8. Sir Robert Laird Borden October 10, 1911 July 10, 1920 Conservative/Unionist (from 1917) Halifax (NS), Kings (NS) 9. Arthur Meighen July 10, 1920 December 29, 1921 Unionist/ National Liberal & Conservative Portage la Prairie (MB) 10. William Lyon Mackenzie King December 29, 1921 June 28, 1926 Liberal York North (ON) Arthur Meighen ( 2nd time) June 29, 1926 September 25, 1926 Conservative Portage la Prairie William Lyon Mackenzie King ( 2nd time) September 25, 1926 August 7, 1930 Liberal Prince Albert (SK) 11. Richard Bedford Bennett August 7, 1930 October 23, 1935 Conservative Calgary West (AB) William Lyon Mackenzie King ( 3rd time) October 23, 1935 November 15, 1948 Liberal Prince Albert (SK), Glengarry (ON) 12. Louis St. Laurent November 15, 1948 June 21, 1957 Liberal Quebec East (QC) 13. John Diefenbaker June 21, 1957 April 22, 1963 Progressive Conservative Prince Albert (SK) 14. Lester Bowles Pearson April 22, 1963 April 20, 1968 Liberal Algoma East (ON) 15. Pierre Trudeau April 20, 1968 June 3, 1979 Liberal Mount Royal (QC) 16. Joe Clark June 4, 1979 March 2, 1980 Progressive Conservative Yellowhead (AB) Pierre Trudeau ( 2nd time) March 3, 1980 June 30, 1984 Liberal Mount Royal (QC) 17. John Napier Turner June 30, 1984 September 17, 1984 Liberal Vancouver Quadra (BC) 18. Brian Mulroney September 17, 1984 June 25, 1993 Progressive Conservative Manicouagan (QC), Charlevoix (QC) 19. Kim Campbell June 25, 1993 November 4, 1993 Progressive Conservative Vancouver Centre (BC) 20. Jean Chrétien November 4, 1993 December 12, 2003 Liberal Saint-Maurice (QC) 21. Paul Martin December 12, 2003 present Liberal LaSalle—Émard (QC)
For more lists of this type, see Lists of incumbents.
Leader of the Opposition (Canada)
Results from FactBites:
List of Canadian Prime Ministers by academic degrees Information (225 words)
List of Canadian Prime Ministers by academic degrees
List of Canadian Prime Ministers by academic degrees Summary
List of Canadian Prime Ministers by academic degrees from Wíkipedia.
Canada in the Making - Glossary (12220 words)
This list guaranteed that the officials named would be paid, an issue that produced friction between governors and Houses of Assembly in the British North American colonies.
The idea proposed by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, France's Minister of Finance and Naval Affairs during the 1660s and '70s, that setting up a few compact, defendable colonies in New France was preferable and opposed to massive territorial expansion favoured by explorers and, initially, Jean Talon.
It is made up of a speaker, the prime minister and the Cabinet, members of the governing party and members of the opposition parties.
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