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Encyclopedia > List of Buddhist topics

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Dharma wheel
Buddhism
Culture
History
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People
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Texts
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The following is a List of Buddhist topics: Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The term Buddha is a word in ancient Indian languages including Pāli and Sanskrit which means one who has awakened. It is derived from the verbal root budh, meaning to awaken or to be enlightened, and to comprehend. It is written in devanagari script as Hindi: and pronounced as... The cultural elements of Buddhism vary by region and include: Buddhist cuisine Buddhist art Buddharupa Art and architecture of Japan Greco-Buddhism Tibetan Buddhist sacred art Buddhist music Buddhist chant Shomyo Categories: Buddhism-related stubs ... The history of Buddhism spans from the 6th century BCE to the present, starting with the birth of the Buddha Siddharta Gautama. ... Buddhist beliefs and practices vary according to region. ... The percentage of Buddhist population of each country was taken from the US State Departments International Religious Freedom Report 2004 [1]. Other sources used were CIA Factbook [2] and adherents. ... There are many divisions and subdivisions of the schools of Buddhism. ... -1... Several Buddhist terms and concepts lack direct translations into English that cover the breadth of the original term. ... There are a great variety of Buddhist texts. ... // Before Common Era Trad. ...


A

The abhidhamma is the name of one of the three pitakas, or baskets of tradition, into which the Tipitaka (Pali; Sanskrit: Tripitaka), the canon of early Buddhism, is divided. ... Ahimsa is a religious concept which advocates non-violence and a respect for all life. ... Ajahn (Thai: อาจารย์) is teacher in the Thai language; it is derived from the (Pali) word ācārya. ... Venerable Ajahn Chah Subhatto (Chao Khun Bodhinyanathera) (alternatively Achaan Chah, occasionally with honorific titles Luang Por and Phra) (1918, Thailand – 1992), was one of the greatest meditation masters of the twentieth century. ... Ajanta takes the name after the village AjinÅ£hā in Aurangabad district in the state of Maharashtra(N. lat. ... In Vajrayana Buddhism, Akshobhya (Sanskrit for Immovable One, Jp. ... Alexandra David-Néel (October 24, 1868 - September 8, 1969) was a French explorer, anarchist, spiritualist, Buddhist and writer. ... Amara Sinha (c. ... The Big Buddha or Daibatsu in Kamakura, an image of Amitabha Amitābha or Amida (阿彌陀佛 Ch. ... Anagarika Dharmapala (1864 - 1933) was born David Hewavitarne in Colombo, Sri Lanka. ... Ananda(Ch:阿難) was one of many principal disciples of the Buddha, a devout attendant and was renowned as the Ananda was the first cousin of the Buddha, and was devotedly attached to him. ... Some say that the self endures after death, some say it perishes. ... Impermanence (Sanskrit: anitya; Pali anicca; Tibetan: mi rtag pa; Chinese: 無常, wúcháng; Japanese: mujō) is one of the essential doctrines of Buddhism. ... An Shih-kao (?-~170) (安世高; pinyin Ān Shígāo) was a prince of Parthia that renounced his throne in order to serve as a Buddhist missionary monk. ... The Anunatva-Apurnatva-Nirdesa (Instructions on Non-Decrease and Non-Increase) is a Buddhist sutra belonging to the Tathagatagarbha class of sutras. ... A garden featuring depictions of various arhats (Hsi Lai Temple, California) An arhat (Sanskrit, also arahat or arahant (Pali); Chinese: 阿羅漢, āluóhàn; Tibetan: dgra-bcom-pa; Jp. ... Bronze statue of Amida Buddha at Kotokuin in Kamakura (1252 CE) Japanese art and architecture, works of art produced in Japan from the beginnings of human habitation there, sometime in the 10th millennium BC, to the present. ... The word ascetic derives from the ancient Greek term askesis (practice, training or exercise). ... For other meanings, see Ashoka (disambiguation). ... AtiÅ›a Dipamkarashrijnana (982 - 1054 CE) was a Buddhist teacher who reintroduced Buddhism into Tibet after King Langdharma has nearly destroyed it. ... Atman is a Sanskrit word, normally translated as soul or self (also ego). ... The Aṭṭhakavagga and the Pārāyanavagga are two small collections of suttas within the Pāli Canon of Theravada Buddhism. ... Avalokitesvara with a 1,000 arms, part of the Dazu Stone Carvings at Mount Baoding, Dazu County, Chongqing, China. ...

B

The Tibetan word Bardo means literally intermediate state - also translated as transitional state or in-between state. In Sanskrit the concept has the name antarabhava. ... The Bimaran casket, with the Buddha, surrounded by Brahman (left) and Indra (right). ... Bodh Gaya or Bodhgaya is the place of Buddhas attainment of Enlightenment. ... Bodhi (Pali and Sanskrit. ... In Buddhist thought, bodhicitta (Ch. ... Bodhidharma, woodblock print by Yoshitoshi, 1887. ... Prince Siddhartha Gautama as a bodhisattva, before becoming a Buddha. ... A direct clone descendant of the Bodhi tree, planted at Foster Botanical Garden in Honolulu, Hawaii The Bodhi tree was a large and very old specimen of the Sacred Fig, located at the Mahabodhi Temple at Bodh Gaya (about 100 km from Patna in the Indian state of Bihar) under... Bön has typically been described as the shamanistic religion in Tibet before the arrival of Buddhism in the 7th century. ... Borobudur from a distance Borobudur is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Indonesia. ... The Brahma-viharas (literally: “Brahma-abidings”, “dwellings with Brahma”) are an ancient fourfold Buddhist meditational practice, the cultivation of which is said (by the Buddha) to have the power to cause the practitioner to be re-born in the realm of the god, Brahma. ... A stone image of the Buddha. ... The Buddha Dordenma statue is a large bronze statue of the Buddha being constructed on the mountainside above Thimphu, the capital of Bhutan. ... Buddha-nature (originally in Sanskrit, Buddha-dhatu - Buddha Element, Buddha-Principle) is a doctrine important for many schools of Mahayana Buddhism. ... The term Buddha is a word in ancient Indian languages including Pāli and Sanskrit which means one who has awakened. It is derived from the verbal root budh, meaning to awaken or to be enlightened, and to comprehend. It is written in devanagari script as Hindi: and pronounced as... Several instances of interaction between Buddhism and the Roman world are documented by Classical and early Christian writers. ... This article explores how Buddhism, a Indian origin, has affected and been affected by Chinese culture, politics, literature and philosophy. ... The Buddha, in Greco-Buddhist style, 1st-2nd century CE, Gandhara. ... A fresco from the Ajanta caves in Maharashtra, India, once a gathering places for Buddhist monks. ... Japanese Buddhist priest c. ... The Original Kadam Tradition and New Kadam Tradition Kadam Buddhism is a Mahayana Buddhist school founded by the Indian Buddhist Master Atisha (982 - 1054). ... The grounds of Koreas Buryeongsa Temple. ... Tibetan Buddhism — formerly (and incorrectly) also called Lamaism, after their religious gurus known as lamas — is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet and the Himalayan region. ... A Short History of Buddhism in Thailand: The Thai form of Buddhism is sometimes called Lankavamsa (meaning Singhalese or Sri Lankan lineage) because it was introduced to the 13th century Sukhothai Kingdom by monks from Sri Lanka. ... Buddhism in Vietnam is Buddhism that had been localized to Vietnam from India and later from China. ... A feature of Buddhism in the West has been the emergence of groups, which although they draw on traditional Buddhism, are in fact an attempt at creating a new style of Buddhist practice. ... Buddhism has been lauded by scientists such as Albert Einstein, who stated that Buddhism has the characteristics of what would be expected in a cosmic religion for the future: It transcends a personal God, avoids dogmas and theology; it covers both the natural and the spiritual, and it is based... Buddhist art originated in the Indian subcontinent in the centuries following the life of the historical Gautama Buddha in the 6th to 5th century BCE, before evolving through its contact with other cultures and its diffusion through the rest of Asia and the world. ... Sacred art is imagery intended to uplift the mind to the spiritual. ... Gandhara Buddha, 1st-2nd century CE. Greco-Buddhist art is the artistic manifestation of Greco-Buddhism, a cultural syncretism between the Classical Greek culture and Buddhism, which developed over a period of close to 1000 years in Central Asia, between the conquests of Alexander the Great in the 4th century... Clergy is the generic term used to describe the formal religious leadership within a given religion. ... // 1st Buddhist council (5th century BC) The first Buddhist council was held soon after the death of the Buddha under the patronage of king Ajatasatru, and presided by a monk named Mahakasyapa, at Rajagaha (todays Rajgir). ... Buddhist cuisine is known as 精進料理 (romaji: shōjin ryōri; lit. ... Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with right and wrong in human behaviour. ... Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit (BHS) is a modern linguistic category applied to some of the Mahāyāna Buddhist Sutras, such as the Perfection of Wisdom. ... Buddhist music is prominent in many cultures, notably including: Music of Tibet (see Music of China): Throat singing Music of Japan: Shomyo, Taiko, Honkyoku Composer Philip Glass is a practicing Buddhist but claims it does not influence his music directly: The real impact of Buddhist practice affects how you live... Buddhist philosophy is the branch of Eastern philosophy based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha (c. ... Buddhist polemics revolve around the veracity and efficacy of doctrine and practice. ... GP Malalasekara of Sri Lanka wrote about Buddhist socialism in an article published in , 1972. ... Buddhist symbolism appeared from around the 3rd century BCE, and started with aniconic symbolism, avoiding direct representations of the Buddha. ... Several Buddhist terms and concepts lack direct translations into English that cover the breadth of the original term. ... There are a great variety of Buddhist texts. ... One of five precepts states that one is to refrain from sexual misconduct or, more accurately, one is to refrain from indulging in sexual pleasure. ... Bulguksa is a Buddhist temple in the South Korea. ... One of the Buner reliefs, depicting devotees, holding plantain leaves, in purely Hellenistic style, inside Corinthian columns, 1st-2nd century CE. Buner, Swat, Pakistan. ... Built in 998 in the Heian period, Byōdōin (平等院) is a temple in the city of Uji in Kyoto prefecture in Japan. ...

C

The Caitika school of Buddhism split from Mahāsaṃghaka in the middle of the first century BCE. It later gave rise to the Apara Śaila and Uttara Śaila schools. ... A chaitya-griha (stupa hall) is a meeting or assembly often used for purposes similar to a stupa. ... Chán is a major school of Chinese Mahāyāna Buddhism. ... Categories: Buildings and structures stubs | Buildings and structures ... Chögyam Trungpa (1940 - April 4, 1987) was a Buddhist meditation master, scholar, teacher and artist. ... Eberhart (Edward) Julius Dietrich Conze (1904 - 1979) was born in London of mixed German, French, and NetherlandsDutch ancestry. ... Cradled in the folds of the Himalayas, Bhutan has relied on its geographic isolation to protect itself from outside cultural influences. ...

D

The Dakini (lit. ... The 14th and current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso (born 1935) The 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso (1876-1933) In Tibetan Buddhism, the successive Dalai Lamas (taa-lai bla-ma) form a tulku lineage of Gelugpa leaders which trace back to 1391. ... Dana is a Sanskrit and Pali word meaning generosity or giving. ... The Dhammapada (Pali, translates as Path of the Dharma. ... Dhammasattha is the Pali name of a genre of legal literature common to Western Mainland Southeast Asia (modern Laos, Myanmar (Burma), and Thailand) principally written in Pali, Myanmar (Burmese), Mon, or Tai languages, or in a bi-lingual Pali nissaya style. ... Dharani Kūkai advanced a general theory of language based on his analysis of two forms of Buddhist ritual language: dharani (dhāra. ... The Dharmaguptaka are one of the eighteen schools of early Buddhism. ... This article is about the Buddhist concept; see Anagarika Dharmapala for the Sri Lankan monk. ... Dharma (Sanskrit, roughly law or way) is the way of the higher Truths. ... Dharmaraksita (Pali: Dhammarakkhita) was one of the missionaries sent by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka to proselytize the Buddhist faith. ... The eight-spoked dharma wheel is a common symbol in Buddhist iconography, representing the collective teachings of Buddha, known as the dharma. ... Dhul-Kifl (Arabic ذو الكفل ) is considered by Muslims to be either a prophet of Islam or simply a righteous man mentioned in the Quran. ... In Vajrayana Buddhism, the Diamond Realm (Skt. ... According to some Buddhist traditions, Dipankara was a Buddha who reached enlightenment eons prior to Shakyamuni, the historical Buddha. ... The Drukpa is a major sect within the Kagyupa school of Tibetan Buddhism. ... Dukkha (Pāli; Sanskrit: duḥkha) is a central concept in Buddhism, the word roughly corresponding to a number of terms in English including sorrow, suffering, affliction, pain, anxiety, dissatisfaction, discomfort, anguish, stress, misery, and aversion. ... Dhyāna is a term in Sanskrit which refers to a type or aspect of meditation. ... Dzogchen (Tibetan spelling rdzogs chen, contraction of rdzogs pa chen po) is a state. ...

E

Divisions among the early Buddhist schools came about due to doctrinal or practical differences in the views of the Buddhist Sangha following the death of the Buddha. ... The Edicts of Ashoka are a collection of 33 inscriptions on the Pillars of Ashoka, as well as boulders and cave walls, made by the Emperor Ashoka of the Mauryan dynasty during his reign from 272 to 231 BCE. These inscriptions are dispersed throughout the areas of modern-day Pakistan... The Ekavyahāraka school of Buddhism split from the Mahāsaṃghikas during the reign of Aśoka. ... Buddhist symbolism appeared from around the 3rd century BCE, and started with aniconic symbolism, avoiding direct representations of the Buddha. ...

F

Faith (saddha/ sraddha) is an important constituent element of the teachings of the Buddha - both in the Theravada tradition as in the Mahayana. ... In Buddhism, the five hindrances are negative mental states that impede practice (or dharma) and lead away from enlightenment. ... In Vajrayana Buddhism, the Five Wisdom Buddhas (Jp. ... Footprint of the Buddha. ... The Four Noble Truths (Pali, cattari ariya saccani) are taught in Buddhism as the fundamental insight or enlightenment of Sakyamuni Buddha (the historical Buddha), which led to the formulation of the Buddhist philosophy. ... Friends of the Western Buddhist Order (FWBO) is a Buddhist movement that was founded in the UK by Sangharakshita (formerly Dennis Lingwood) in 1967, followed by the Western Buddhist Order in 1968. ...

G

Gampopa or Dakpo Rinpoche (1016-1053) was the formost student of the Tibetan Buddhist teacher Milarepa. ... Gandhāra (also Ghandara, Ghandahra, Chandahara, and Persian Gandara) is the name of an ancient country in eastern Afghanistan and north-west province of Pakistan. ... The Gandhāran Buddhist Texts are the earliest Buddhist manuscripts yet discovered, and indeed the earliest Indian manuscripts yet discovered. ... The Ganden Tripa (Holder of the Ganden Throne; Wylie: Dga-ldan Khri-pa) is the title of the spiritual leader of the Gelug (Dge-lugs) school of Tibetan Buddhism, the school which controlled central Tibet from the mid-1600s until 1950. ... Standing Buddha, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE, Musée Guimet. ... The Geluk (dge lugs) School was founded by Tsongkhapa (1357-1419), Tibets best known religious reformer and arguably its greatest philosopher. ... Buddhism is generally regarded as a non-theistic religion. ... The Golulaka (Cinder) sect of Buddhism split from the Mahāsaṃghika during the reign of Aśoka. ... The Buddha, in Greco-Buddhist style, 1st-2nd century CE, Gandhara. ... Gandhara Buddha, 1st-2nd century CE. Greco-Buddhist art is the artistic manifestation of Greco-Buddhism, a cultural syncretism between the Classical Greek culture and Buddhism, which developed over a period of close to 1000 years in Central Asia, between the conquests of Alexander the Great in the 4th century... The role of Greek Buddhist monks in the development of the Buddhist faith under the patronage of emperor Ashoka around 260 BCE, and then during the reign of Menander is described in an important non-canonical Theravada Buddhist historical text compiled in Sri Lanka in the 6th century CE, in... Kuan Yin (Pinyin: Guanyin; also written Kwan Yin or in other variants which hyphenate or remove the space between the two words) is the bodhisattva of compassion as venerated by East Asian Buddhists. ...

H

Hachiman in the Guise of a Buddhist Monk, statue from Kamakura period, 1201 AD Hachiman (Japanese, 八幡神 -shin, also can be read as Yawata no kami) is the Shinto god of war, and divine protector of Japan and the Japanese people. ... Haeinsa is one of the foremost Buddhist temples in South Korea, most notable because it is the home of the Tripitaka Koreana, the whole of the Buddhist Scriptures carved onto 81,258 wooden printing blocks. ... A Hamsa sacred goose reliquary, stupa 32 of the Gangu group, Babar Khana, Taxila, Gandhara, 1st century CE. This Hamsa was found inside a granite bowl, with an inscribed gold sheet stating Shira deposited the relics of her departed parents in the Hamsa. It has a cavity in the middle... Kishimojin, in Japanese mythology, was a cannibalistic demon who became a goddess after an encounter with the Buddha. ... Hermann Hesse in 1927 Hermann Hesse (2 July 1877 – 9 August 1962) was a German-Swiss poet, novelist, and painter. ... The term higher evolution is used in Theosophy and in Buddhism to indicate the development of consciousness in human beings, as distinct from, although continuous with, the lower or biological evolution within the animal kingdom up to the human level. ... Hinayana (Sanskrit: inferior vehicle; Chinese:小乘, Xiǎoshèng; Japanese: Shōjō) is a term coined by the Mahayana, which appeared publicly around the 1st century CE. There are differing views on the use and meaning of the term, both among scholars and within Buddhism. ... The history of Buddhism spans from the 6th century BCE to the present, starting with the birth of the Buddha Siddharta Gautama. ... Covering 15 acres, Hsi Lai Temple is the second largest Buddhist temple in the United States. ...

J

Janwillem van de Wetering (Middle name: Lincoln; February 12, 1931 -, who uses Janwillem Vandewetering as a pen and reference name), is the author of a number of works in English and Dutch; he is particularly noted for his detective fiction. ... The Jataka stories are a significant body of works about the previous lives of Gautama Buddha. ... The Khalkha Jebtsundamba Khutughtu (also known as Javzandamba Hutagt in Khalkha Mongolian; also as Rje Btsun Dam Pa or Jetsun Dampa in Tibetan — all meaning lit. ... Jōdo ShinshÅ« (淨土眞宗 True Pure Land School), also known as Shin Buddhism, is a branch of Pure Land Buddhism derived from the teachings of the Japanese ex-Tendai preacher Shinran. ... The Jokhang Temple, home of the most venerated statue in Tibet The Jokhang, also called the Jokhang Temple or the Jokhang Monastery, is a famous Buddhist temple in Lhasa, Tibet. ... The Jonang or Jonangpa school of Tibetan Buddhism was founded in the early 14th century by Sherab Gyeltsen, a monk trained in the Sakyapa school. ...

K

The Kadampa (Bka-gdams-pa) Tradition was a Tibetan Mahayana Buddhist school. ... Kalachakra is a term used in tantric Buddhism that means time-wheel or time-cycles. The Kalachakra tradition, which is described in the Kalacakra Tantra, revolves around the concept of time and cycles: from the cycles of the planets, to the cycles of our breath and the practice of controlling... Gold coin of Kanishka I with a representation of the Buddha (c. ... The Kanishka casket, dated to 127, with the Buddha surrounded by Brahma and Indra, and Kanishka standing at the center of the lower part, British Museum (drawing). ... The Karmapa is the head of the Karma Kagyu (Bka rgyud), the largest of the lineages that make up the Kagyu school, one of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism. ... Karma or Karm(Sanskrit: कर्म from the root kri, to do, meaning deed) or Kamma (Pali: meaning action, effect, destiny) is a term in several eastern religions that comprises the entire cycle of cause and effect. ... Kathavatthu (Pali), literally Points of Controversy, is one of the seven books in the Abhidhamma Pitaka. ... The Khmer empire was a powerful kingdom based in what is now Cambodia. ... Kishimojin, in Japanese mythology, was a cannibalistic demon who became a goddess after an encounter with the Buddha. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Buddhist temples are an important part of the Korean landscape. ... Painting of Kukai (774-835). ... Kushinagar or Kusinagar is a Buddhist pilgrimage site located next to Kasia a rural town in the state of Uttar Pradesh, 52 km off Gorakhpur, in northern India. ...

L

Lama can refer to: the Tibetan word for religious teacher (like the Sanskrit term guru) see Tibetan Buddhism. ... Aiun-ken Hugo Makibi Enomiya-Lassalle (1898-1990) was one of the foremost teachers to embrace both Roman Catholic Christianity and Zen Buddhism. ... Chan and Zen Buddhism maintain records of their historical teachers who have passed the Dharma from generation to generation in an unbroken line since the time of the Buddha. ... The following is a list of books related to Buddhism: // Introductions and general texts Bechert, H., & Gombrich, R. (Eds. ... In Buddhist thought, a bodhisattva (Ch. ... -1... A number of noted individuals have been Buddhists. ... Below is a list of sutras organized alphabetically under the broad categories of Hinduism and Buddhism. ... Lokaksema (Ch: 支谶, Zhi Chan). ... In Hinduism and Buddhism, the lokapala (Skt. ... Lumbini (Sanskrit for the lovely) is a Buddhist pilgrimage site located in the Nepalese district Rupandehi, near the Indian border. ...

M

Madhyamaka is a Buddhist philosophical tradition that asserts that all phenomena are empty of self-nature or essence (Sanskrit: Svabhāva), that they have no intrinsic, independent reality apart from the causes and conditions from which they arise. ... The temple is of bricks and towers over its environs The Mahabodhi Temple is a Buddhist temple in Bodh Gaya, the location where Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, attained enlightenment. ... Mahadhammarakkhita (Sanskrit: Mahadharmaraksita) was a Greek (in Pali:Yona, lit. ... Mahamudra (Sanskrit: great seal) or Chagchen (Tibetan) is a method of direct introduction to the nature of Mind (or Buddha-nature) and the practice of stabilizing the accompanying transcendental realization. ... The death of the Buddha, or Mahaparinirvana, Gandhara 2-3rd century. ... The Mahāsaṃghika (Majority) sect of Buddhism was formed in the first Buddhist schism around 320 BCE. It split from the Sthaviravāda (Elders) school. ... Mahasiddhas are a type of eccentric yogis or adepts important in Tantric Buddhism. ... Mahāsi Sayādaw (1904-1982) was a famous Burmese Buddhist monk and meditation master who had a significant impact on the teaching of Satipatthana Vipassana meditation in the West and throughout Asia. ... The Mahavamsa (Pali: “Great Chronicle”) is an important non-canonical Buddhist historical text compiled in Sri Lanka in the 6th century CE , in the Pali language. ... The Mahavihara (Pali for Great Monastery) was for several centuries the center of Theravada Buddhism in Sri Lanka. ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Kuan Yin from Mt. ... Nirvana Sutra or Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra (Chinese: Niepan Jing (涅槃經); Japanese: Nehangyō (涅槃経)) is one of the major texts of Mahāyāna Buddhism. ... Mahinda was the son of Emperor Ashoka. ... In Buddhism, Maitreya Bodhisattva is the future Buddha. ... A japa mala or mala is an Indian rosary with 108 beads. ... Mandala (circle in Sanskrit) is of Hindu origin, but is also used in Buddhist context, to refer to various tangible objects. ... The Mandala of the Two Realms (Jp. ... A mantra is a religious syllable or poem, typically from the Sanskrit language. ... A traditional depiction of Marpa painted on a rock on Holy Isle, Firth of Clyde Marpa Lotsawa (1012-1097), or Marpa the translator was a Tibetan Buddhist teacher credited with the transmission of many Buddhist teachings to Tibet from India, including the teachings and lineages of vajrayana and mahamudra. ... ... According to Bogart (1991) and Perez-De-Albeniz & Holmes (2000) the different techniques of meditation can be classified according to their focus. ... Tetradrachm of Menander I in Greco-Bactrian style (Alexandria-Kapisa mint). ... The Middle Way or Middle Path is the Buddhist philosophy expounded by Gautama Buddha. ... Jetsun Milarepa (Wylie: Rje-btsun Mi-la-ras-pa), 1052-1135 (approx) was one of one of Tibets most famous yogis and poets, a student of Marpa Lotsawa, and a major figure in the history of the Kagyu (Bka-brgyud) school of Tibetan Buddhism. ... Mindfulness is the practice whereby a person is intentionally aware of his or her thoughts and actions in the present moment, non-judgmentally. ... Mount Meru is a sacred mountain in Hindu mythology which is believed to be the abode of Brahma and other gods. ... Monasticism (from Greek: monachos—a solitary person) is the religious practice of renouncing all worldly pursuits in order to fully devote ones life to spiritual work. ... In Hinduism and Buddhism, Mucalinda is a naga, a snake-man, who protected the Buddha from the elements before his enlightenment. ... In Hinduism, a mudra (Sanskrit, literally seal) is a symbolic gesture made with the hand or fingers. ... Muyan (Chinese 木庵; pinyin mu yan; Japanese Mokuan Shoto) (1611-1684) was a Chinese Linji Chan monk who followed his master Yinyuan Longqi to Japan in 1654. ...

N

A statue depicting Nagarjuna Nāgārjuna (నాగార్జునా in Telugu, 龍樹 in Chinese) (c. ... Nāgasena was a Buddhist sage who lived about 150 BCE. His answers to questions about Buddhism posed by Menander I (Pali: Milinda), the Indo-Greek king of northwertern India, are recorded in the Milinda Pañha. ... Remains at Nalanda Nalanda is a historical place in central Bihar, India, 90 km south-east of the state capital of Patna. ... Naropa (Tibetan; Sanskrit: Nadaprada, 1016-1100) was an Indian Buddhist mystic and monk, the pupil of Tilopa, who in turn taught Marpa. ... Naropa University is a private, liberal arts university in Boulder, Colorado, which was founded in 1974 by Chogyam Trungpa. ... Neo-Buddhism is a modern Buddhist revivalist movement in India. ... Nikaya Buddhism is a general term for those schools of Buddhism that accept only the class of sutras collected in the Pāli Canon as authentic. ... The Niō (仁王, lit. ... The Noble Eightfold Path (Pali: ariya atthangika magga), according to Buddhism and as taught by Siddhartha Buddha, is the way to the cessation of suffering, the fourth part of the Four Noble Truths. ... The Nyingma tradition is one of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism. ...

O

Ōbaku (Japanese. ... Aum (also Om, ॐ) is the most sacred syllable in Hinduism, first coming to light in the Vedic Tradition. ... Om Mani Padme Hum, written in Tibetan, on a rock outside the Potala Palace in Tibet. ...

P

Guru Rinpoche - Padmasambhava statue - near Kulu Padmasambhava (Ch: 蓮華生上師; Tib: Padma Jungne), in Sanskrit meaning lotus-born, founded the Tibetan or tantric school of Buddhism in the 8th century. ... . Pāli (ISO 639-1: pi; ISO 639-2: pli) is a Middle Indo-Aryan dialect or prakrit. ... Standard edition of the Thai Pali Canon The Pali Canon is one the earliest existing scripture collections of the Buddhist tradition. ... This article is about the Buddhist concept; see Pancasila Indonesia for the Indonesian state philosophy. ... The 10th Panchen Lama, pictured here meeting with other political figures, lived from 1938 to 1989. ... Pancika (left) and Hariti (right), holding a cornucopia, 3rd century CE, Takht-i Bahi, British Museum. ... Pāramitā (Sanskrit) or Parami (Pāli): Perfection or Transcendent. In Buddhism, the Paramitas refer to the perfection or culmination of certain practices. ... Perfection of Wisdom is a translation of the Sanskrit term prajñā pāramitā (Hanzi. ... The Phurba is a three-sided dagger traditionally associated with Tibetan Buddhism. ... Although the Buddha was not represented in human form until around the 1st century CE (see Buddhist art), the Physical characteristics of the Buddha are described in one of the central texts of the traditional Pali canon, the Digha Nikaya, in the discourse titled Sutra of the Marks (Pali: Lakkhana... The pillars of Ashoka are a series of columns dispersed throughout the northern Indian subcontinent, and erected by the Mauryan king Ashoka during his reign in the 3rd century BCE. SAlMAN Ashish Many of the pillars are carved with proclamations reflecting Buddhist teachings: the Edicts of Ashoka. ... Potala Palace The Potala Palace (Tibetan: པོ་ཏ་ལ, Standard Mandarin:布达拉宫), located in Lhasa, Tibet, China, was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala, India after a failed uprising in 1959. ... Prajñā (Sanskrit; Pali: paññā; Tibetan: shes rab, Chinese: 般若, banruo) meaning wisdom, cognitive acuity; or know-how -- but especially the Buddhist wisdom that is based on a realization of dependent origination, not-self, emptiness, etc. ... The Prajñaptivāda (Conceptualist) school of Buddhism split from Golulikas in late third century BCE. The Prajñaptivādins were early articulators of the two truths doctrine that is so important to Mahāyāna Buddhism, where it is usually found in the tension between upāya and prajñā. ... Prakrit (Sanskrit prakrta: natural, usual) refers to the broad family of the Indic languages and dialects spoken in ancient India. ... The Pudgalavāda or Personalist school of Buddhism broke off from the orthodox Sthaviravāda (elders) school around 280 BCE. The Sthaviravādins interpreted the doctrine of anatta to mean that, since there is no true self, all that we think of as a self (i. ... The Buddha Amitabha, 13th century, Kamakura, Japan. ...

Q

Queen Mayas white elephant dream, and the conception of the Buddha. ...

R

According to Buddhism, there is a cycle of death and rebirth that can be transcended by the practice of the Eightfold Path. ... Past Lives redirects here. ... The Rimé movement (Wylie: Ris-Med) is a Buddhist school of thought founded in Eastern Tibet during the late 19th century largely by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo and Jamgon Kongtrul Lodro Thaye, the latter of whom is often respected as the founder proper. ... The Rhinoceros Sutra (Pāli: Khaggavisāṇa-sutta) is a very early Buddhist text advocating the merit of solitary asceticism for pursuing enlightenment (as opposed to practicing as a householder or in a community of monks or nuns). ... There is a disputed proposal that this article should be merged with Rinzai and Linji. ... Rumtek monastery Rumtek (Rum-theg dGon-pa), is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the Indian state of Sikkim near the capital Gangtok. ...

S

The name of the Sakya (lit. ... Samadhi is a term used in Hindu and Buddhist yogic meditation. ... Samantabhadra (also Viśvabhadra, 普賢 Chinese: Pǔxián; Japanese: Fugen) is the Lord of the Truth (理) in Buddhism, who represents the practice and meditation of all Buddhas. ... Samatha (Pāli; Sanskrit: Å›amatha), Tranquility meditation is a type of meditation that is widely practiced in order to produce states of calm. ... The Trikaya doctrine (Sanskrit, literally Three bodies or personalities; 三身 Chinese: Sānshén, Japanese: sanjin) is an important Buddhist teaching both on the nature of reality, and what a Buddha is. ... In Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and other related religions, samsara or saṃsāra refers to the concept of reincarnation or rebirth in Indian philosophical traditions. ... A view of Samye from above Wikimedia Commons has multimedia related to: Samye Categories: Buddhism-related stubs | Tibet | Buddhist temples ... The Kalachakra Sand Mandala The Sand Mandala (tib: kilkhor) is a Tibetan Buddhist tradition which symbolises the transitory nature of things. ... Sangharakshita (1925-) is the founder of the Western Buddhist Order, and the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order (FWBO). ... Sangha is a word in Indian languages that can be translated roughly as association or assembly. It is commonly used in several senses to refer to Buddhist or Jain groups. ... Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम्) is a classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ... Sarnath (formerly also Mrigadava, Rishipattana, Isipatana), located 13 kilometres from Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India, is the deer park where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha was founded. ... The Sarvastivada (roughly, Proclaiming that all exist) --a reference to one of the distinguishing doctrines of the school, the existence of dharmas in all of the three times (past, present, and future). ... Satipatthana refers to the broad conception of Buddhist meditation in the Theravada Buddhist tradition. ... Satori (æ‚Ÿ Japanese satori; Chinese: wù - from the verb, Satoru) is a Zen Buddhist term for enlightenment. ... The Sautrāntika school of Buddhism split from the Sarvāstivādins sometime between 50 BCE and c. ... Sayadaw U Pandita (b. ... Sentience is the capacity for basic consciousness—the ability to feel or perceive, not necessarily including the faculty of self-awareness. ... The Seon school is a Korean branch of Buddhism that shares its origins and many characteristics with Chinese Chan and whose influence originated aspects of Japanese Zen. ... The Shabdrung (also Zhabdrung) is the most important tulku lineage in Bhutan, equivalent in many ways to the Dalai Lama lineage of Tibet. ... In Tibetan Buddhism the Shamarpa also known as Shamar Rinpoche is considered to be the second-highest lama in the Karma Kagyu school, next only to the Karmapa. ... In Tibetan Buddhist tradition, Shambhala (or Shambala) is a mystical kingdom hidden somewhere beyond the snowpeaks of the Himalayas. ... Shantideva (sometimes Santideva) was an 8th-century Indian Buddhist scholar at Nalanda University and an adherent of the Madhyamika philosophy. ... Located in Kyoto, Japan, Daigoji is the head temple of the Ono branch of Shingon. ... Shinran Shonin (親鸞聖人)(1173-1262) was a pupil of Honen and the founder of the Jodo Shinshu (or True Pure Land) sect in Japan. ... The Diamond-rod wielding Shukongoshin (Agyo), Asakusa Temple, Japan. ... Śūnyatā, शून्यता (Sanskrit, Pali: suññatā), or Emptiness, is a term for an aspect of the Buddhist metaphysical critique as well as Buddhist epistemology and phenomenology. ... Standing Buddha, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE. Gautama Buddha was a South Asian spiritual leader who lived between approximately 563 BCE and 483 BCE. Born Siddhartha Gautama in Sanskrit, a name meaning descendant of Gotama whose aims are achieved/who is efficacious in achieving aims, he... Blue-eyed Central Asian and East-Asian Buddhist monks, Bezaklik, Eastern Tarim Basin, 9th-10th century. ... The six yogas of Naropa describe a set of advanced Tibetan Buddhist tantric meditation practices developed in and around the time of the Indian monk and mystic Naropa (1016-1100 C.E.), and conveyed to his student Marpa the translator. ... For the vegetable, see Celosia. ... Sri Maha Bodhi is a Sacred Fig tree in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. ... Sutra (सूत्र) in Sanskrit is derived from the verb siv-, meaning to sew (these words, including English to sew and Latinate suture, all derive from PIE *syÅ«-). It literally means a rope or thread, and more metaphorically refers to an aphorism (or line, rule, formula), or a collection of such aphorisms...

T

Tanha (Sanskrit: Trsna), translates as desire, craving, thirst, want, longing, yearning. ... Tantra (Sanskrit: loom), tantric yoga or tantrism is any of several esoteric traditions rooted in the religions of India. ... The Tathagatagarbha doctrine says that each sentient being contains the potential to become a Buddha. ... The Tathagatagarbha Sutra is an influential and doctrinally striking Mahayana Buddhist scripture which treats of the existence of the Tathagatagarbha (Buddha-Matrix, Buddha-Embryo) within all sentient creatures. ... Taxila (Sanskrit: Takshashîlâ/तक्षशीला) is an archaeological site, located in the Punjab province of Pakistan, west of the Islamabad Capital Territory and Rawalpindi, on the border of the Punjab and North West Frontier Province and just off the Grand Trunk Road. ... A temple boy (Thai เด็กวัด, dek wat) is a boy in Thailand who lives in a monastery and assists monks. ... Tendai-shÅ« (天台宗) is a Japanese school of Buddhism, a descendant of the Chinese Tiantai or Lotus Sutra school. ... In Tibetan Buddhism, a tertön is someone who discovers a terma, or hidden text. ... A Thangka is a painted or embroidered Tibetan banner which was hung in a monastery or a family altar and carried by lamas in ceremonial processions. ... Theravada (Pali; Sanskrit: Sthaviravada) is one of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikāya schools that formed early in the history of Buddhism. ... Thich Nhat Hanh Thích Nhất Hạnh (born 1926) is an expatriate Vietnamese Buddhist monk, peace activist, and prolific author in English. ... The Triratna or Three Jewels symbol, on a Buddha footprint. ... After much meditation, the Buddha concluded that everything in the physical world (plus everything in the phenomenology of psychology) is marked by three characteristics, known as the three characteristics of existence or Dharma Seals. ... Tibetan art refers to the art of Tibet and other present and former Himalayan kingdoms (Bhutan, Ladakh, Nepal, and Sikkim). ... The Tibetan calendar is a lunisolar calendar, that is, the Tibetan year is composed of either 12 or 13 lunar months, each beginning and ending with a new moon. ... The Tibetan people are a people living in Tibet and some surrounding areas. ... Tilopa (Tibetan; Sankrit: Talika, 988 - 1069) was an Indian tantric practitioner, regarded as the human founder of the Kagyu lineage of Tibetan Buddhism. ... // Before Common Era Trad. ... Tricycle: The Buddhist Review is a well-known Buddhist periodical published in the United States by the Tricycle Foundation. ... The Tricycle Foundation, formerly The Buddhist Ray, Inc. ... The Tripitaka (Sanskrit, lit. ... The Triratna or Three Jewels symbol, on a Buddha footprint. ... Trisula is the Pali word for a Trident. The symbolic weapon of the Hindu god Shiva is a trisula. ... The Trikaya doctrine (Sanskrit, literally Three bodies or personalities; 三身 Chinese: Sānshén, Japanese: sanjin) is an important Buddhist teaching both on the nature of reality, and what a Buddha is. ... In Tibetan Buddhism, a tulku is a reincarnated lama. ... The two truths doctrine in Buddhism differentiates between two levels of truth in Buddhist discourse, a low, or commonsense truth, and a high, or ultimate truth or between a relative and an absolute truth. ...

U

The Udanavarga is a Sanskrit Buddhist text which is similar to the Dhammapada, containing many of the same verses. ... Upaya is a term in Mahayana Buddhism which is often translated as means, though literally expedient would be more accurate, as upaya (from upa√i) refers to something which goes or brings you up to something (i. ...

V

Categories: Stub | Buddhist philosophical concepts ... Vajrapani (Sanskrit Vajra:thunderbolt/diamond, Pani:lit. ... A mandala used in Vajrayana Buddhist practices. ... Vajra is a Sanskrit word meaning both thunderbolt and diamond and refers to a symbol important to both Hinduism and Buddhism. ... ... Vihara is Sanskrit or Pali for (Buddhist) monastery. ... The Vinaya (a word in Pali as well as in Sanskrit, with literal meaning discipline) is the textual framework for the Buddhist monastic community, or sangha. ... Vipaka (Pali Lit. ...

W

It has been suggested that Wheel of Dharma be merged into this article or section. ... Mahamayuri the Peacock Wisdom Queen, c. ... Center of a Garbhadhatu mandala, representing Vairocana Buddha surrounded by eight Buddhas and bodhisattvas (clockwise from top: Ratnaketu, Samantabhadra, Samkusumitaraja, Manjusri, Amitabha, Avalokitesvara, Dundubhinirghosa, Maitreya) In Vajrayana Buddhism, the Womb Realm (Skt. ... The World Fellowship of Buddhists (WFB) is arguably the largest and most influential international Buddhist organization. ...

X

Xuanzang, Dunhuang cave, 9th century. ...

Y

Categories: Mythology stubs | Buddhism-related stubs ... Model portraying a Sohei in a 19th century photograph . ... Yana is a Sanskrit word with a range of meanings including nouns such as vehicle, journey, and path; and verbs such as going, moving, riding, and marching. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Yinyuan Longqi (Chinese 隱元隆琦; pinyin yin yuan long qi; Japanese Ingen Ryuki) (Fuqing, Fujian, 1592 - Uji, 1673) was a Chinese Linji Chan Buddhist monk, poet, and calligrapher. ... Bhaisajyaguru (薬師 Ch. ... // Yoga practice and intention Modern yoga practice often includes traditional elements inherited from Hinduism, such as moral and ethical principles, postures designed to keep the body fit, spiritual philosophy, instruction by a guru, chanting of mantras (sacred syllables), quieting the breath, and stilling the mind through meditation. ... Yogācāra (Sanskrit: yoga practice), also spelled yogāchāra, is an influential school of philosophy and psychology that developed in Indian Mahayana Buddhism starting sometime in the fourth to fifth centuries C.E., also commonly known as Consciousness-only (Sanskrit: Chittamatra). ... Yuan (缘) or Yuanfen (缘份; pinyin: yuan2 fen4) is a Buddhist-related Chinese concept that means the predetermined principle that dictates a persons relationships and encounters, usually positive, such as the affinity among friends or lovers. ...

Z


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Buddhism (10695 words)
According to the Buddhist tradition, all phenomena (dharmas) are marked by three characteristics, sometimes referred to as the Dharma seals, that is anicca(impermanence), dukkha (suffering) and Anatta (no self) Dharma (Sanskrit, roughly law or way) is the way of the higher Truths.
The paradox is that as soon as the Buddhist practitioner tries to grasp at this inner Buddha potency and cling to it as though it were his or her ego writ large, it proves elusive.
Central to Buddhist doctrine and practice is the law of karma and vipaka; action and its fruition, which happens within the dynamic of dependent origination (pratītya-samutpāda).
Encyclopedia: Chinese Buddhist canon (343 words)
The Buddhist canon of scripture is known in Sanskrit as the Tripiṭaka and in Pāli as the Tipiṭaka.
The international Buddhist flag was designed in Sri Lanka in the 1880s with the assistance of Henry Steele Olcott and was later adopted as a symbol by the World Fellowship of Buddhists.
Buddhists place varying value on them: attitudes range from worship of the text itself, to dismissal of some texts as falsification of the ineffable truth.
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