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Encyclopedia > Lismore Castle
Lismore Castle, Co. Waterford

Lismore Castle is located in the town of Lismore, in County Waterford in the Republic of Ireland. It was largely re-built in the Gothic style during the mid-nineteenth century by William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire. Image File history File links Irl_lismorecastle. ... Image File history File links Irl_lismorecastle. ... County Waterford (Port Láirge in Irish) is a county in the province of Munster on the south coast of Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ... County Waterford (Port Láirge in Irish) is a county in the province of Munster on the south coast of Ireland. ... William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire (1790 - 1858), was known as the Bachelor Duke. In 1811, at the age of 21, he inherited eight stately homes and 200,000 acres (809 km²) of land. ...

Contents

Early History

The castle site was originally occupied by an important monastery and seat of learning established in the early 7th century. It was still an ecclesiastical centre when Henry II, King of England stayed here in 1171, and except for a brief period after 1185 when his son King John of England built a 'castellum' here, it served as the episcopal residence of the local bishop. In 1589 Lismore, was leased and later acquired by Sir Walter Raleigh, who sold the property during his imprisonment for High Treason in 1602 to another famous adventurer, Richard Boyle, later 1st Earl of Cork. Henry II of England (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of Nantes, and as King of England (1154–1189) and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland, eastern Ireland, and western France. ... John (French: Jean) (December 24, c. ... Alternatively, Professor Walter Raleigh was a scholar and author circa 1900. ... This page is about the year. ... Sir Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, 1st Viscount Dungarvan, 1st Baron Boyle of Youghal, Lord High Treasurer of the Kingdom of Ireland. ...


The Earls of Cork & Burlington

Boyle came to Ireland from England in 1588 with only twenty-seven pounds in capital, and proceeded to amass an extraordinary fortune. After purchasing Lismore he made it his principal seat and transformed it into a magnificent residence with impressive gabled ranges each side of the court yard. He also built a castellated outer wall and a gatehouse known as the Riding Gate. The principal apartments were decorated with fretwork plaster ceilings and hangings of tapestry, embroidered silk and velvet. It was here in 1626/7 that Robert Boyle The Father of Modern Chemistry, the fourteenth of the Earl's fifteen children, was born. The castle descended to another Richard Boyle, 4th Earl of Cork & 3rd Earl of Burlington, who was a noted influence on Georgian architecture (and known in architectural histories as the Earl of Burlington). Robert Boyle Robert Boyle (25 January 1627 – 30 December 1691) was an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, inventor, and early gentleman scientist, noted for his work in physics and chemistry. ... Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork (April 25, 1694 – 1753) , born in Yorkshire, was a descendant of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork. ... A Georgian house in Salisbury Georgian architecture is the name given in English-speaking countries to the architectural styles current between about 1720 and 1840, named after the four British monarchs named George. ...


Lismore featured in the Cromwellian wars when, in 1645, a force of Catholic confederacy commanded by Lord Castlehaven sacked the town and Castle. Some restoration was carried out by Richard Boyle, 2nd Earl of Cork (1612-1698) to make it habitable again, but neither he nor his successors lived at Lismore. This article needs cleanup. ...


The Dukes of Devonshire

The castle (along with other Boyle properties - Chiswick House, Burlington House, Bolton Abbey and Londesborough Hall) was acquired by the Cavandish family in 1753 when the daughter and heiress of the 4th Earl of Cork, Lady Charlotte Boyle (1731-1754) married William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, a future Prime Minister of Great Britain & Ireland. Their son, the 5th Duke (1748-1811), carried out improvements at Lismore, notably the bridge across the Blackwater, in 1775, designed by Cork-born architect, Thomas Ivory. Chiswick House Chiswick House is a Palladian villa in Burlington Lane, Chiswick, London W4, England. ... Burlington House is a courtyard building off Picadilly in London. ... Bolton Abbey Bolton Abbey is a ruined 12th-century priory in North Yorkshire, England. ... Londesborough Hall from Britannia Illustrata by Kip and Knyff (1709) Londesborough Hall was a country house in the village of Londesborough in the East Riding of Yorkshire, close to the towns of Market Weighton and Pocklington. ... Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork (April 25, 1694 – 1753) , born in Yorkshire, was a descendant of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork. ... Charlotte Elizabeth Cavendish, 6th Baroness Clifford (27 October 1731 - 8 December 1754), was the daughter of the 3rd Earl of Burlington and Lady Dorothy Savile. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire (c. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is, in practice, the political leader of the United Kingdom. ... The Blackwater or Munster Blackwater is a river which flows through counties Kerry, Cork, and Waterford in the Republic of Ireland. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The 6th Duke (1790-1858), commonly known as 'the Bachelor Duke', was responsible for the castle's present appearance. He began transforming the castle into a fashionable 'quasi-feudal ultra-regal fortress' as soon as he succeeded his father in 1811, engaging the architect William Atkinson from 1812 to 1822 to rebuild the castle in the Gothic style, using cut stone shipped over from Derbyshire. Lismore was always the Bachelor Duke's favourite residence, but as he grew older his love for the place developed into a passion. In 1850 he engaged his architect Sir Joseph Paxton, the designer of The Crystal Palace, to carry out improvements and additions to the castle on a magnificent scale - so much so that the present skyline is largely Paxton's work. At this time J.G. Crace of London, the leading maker of Gothic Revival furniture, and his partner the leading architect A.W.N. Pugin, were commissioned to transform the ruined chapel of the old Bishop's Palace into a medieval-style banqueting hall, with a huge perpendicular stained-glass window, choir-stalls and Gothic stenciling on the walls and roof timbers. The chimney-piece, which was exhibited at the Medieval Court of the Great Exhibition of 1851, was also designed by Pugin (and Myers), but was originally intended for Horstead Place in Sussex, it was rejected because it was too elaborate and subsequently bought for Lismore - the Barchard family emblems later replaced with the present Irish inscription Cead Mille Failte: a hundred thousand welcomes. Pugin also designed other chimney-pieces and furnishings in the castle and after his death in 1851 Crace continued to supply furnishings in the Puginesque manner. William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire (1790 - 1858), was known as the Bachelor Duke. In 1811, at the age of 21, he inherited eight stately homes and 200,000 acres (809 km²) of land. ... William Atkinson may refer to a number of notable men: William Stephen Atkinson (1820 - 1876), Indian lepidopterist. ... Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, London: Gothic details provided by A.W.N. Pugin The Gothic Revival was an architectural movement which originated in mid-18th century England. ... Sir Joseph Paxton (1803–1865) was an English gardener and architect of The Crystal Palace. ... The 1851 Great Exhibition in Hyde Park . ... Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin (March 1, 1812 - September 14, 1852) was an English-born architect, designer and theorist of design now best remembered for his work on churches and on the Houses of Parliament. ... The Great Exhibition: Paxtons Crystal Palace enclosed full-grown trees in Hyde Park. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


After the Bachelor Duke's death Lismore remained substantially unaltered. Fred Astaire's sister Adele lived in the castle after marrying the Lord Charles Cavendish, a son of the 9th Duke and, after his death in 1944, continued to use the castle until shortly before her death in 1981. It is still owned by the Dukes of Devonshire, but it is lived in for only a short part of the year. Chatsworth House is the main family seat and the home of the Dowager Duchess. The 12th Duke, who succeeded to the title in 2004, continues to live primarily on the family's Bolton Abbey estate. His son, William Burlington, maintains an appartment in the castle and recently converted the derelict west range (2006) into a contemporary art gallery. For most of the year the family's private apartments at Lismore are available to rent by groups of up to twenty-three visitors. “Astaire” redirects here. ... Adele Astaire, 1927 Lady Charles Cavendish (September 10, 1896 -January 25, 1981) [1], better known as Adele Astaire was an American dancer and entertainer. ... The Duke of Devonshire As Governor General The Most Noble Victor Christian William Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire (London May 31, 1868–May 6, 1938 Chatsworth House), was a Liberal Unionist Member of Parliament for West Derbyshire (1891-1908), Governor General of Canada (1916-1921), and Colonial Secretary (1922-1924). ... A view of Chatsworth from the south-west circa 1880. ... Portrait by Pietro Annigoni Deborah Vivien Freeman-Mitford (born March 31, 1920), Dowager Duchess of Devonshire, is the last of the noted Mitford sisters. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Bolton Abbey Bolton Abbey is a ruined 12th-century priory in North Yorkshire, England. ...


In 2004 The Robert Boyle Science Room was opened nearby in the Lismore Heritage Centre dedicated to his life and works where students have the opportunity of studying science and participating in scientific experiments. Robert Boyle Robert Boyle (25 January 1627 – 30 December 1691) was an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, inventor, and early gentleman scientist, noted for his work in physics and chemistry. ...


Recently Lismore Castle was used as Northanger Abbey in the 2007 ITV dramatisation of that name during their Jane Austen season.


References

  • Terence R Smyth. (1994). Irish Country Houses
  • Megan Aldrich, ‘Crace, John Gregory (1809–1889)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lismore Castle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (221 words)
Lismore Castle is a castle in County Waterford in the Republic of Ireland.
Lismore Castle is still owned by the Duke of Devonshire, but it is used for only a short part of the year.
The 12th Duke, who succeeded to the title in 2004, continues to live primarily on the Bolton Abbey estate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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