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Encyclopedia > Linus Torvalds
Linus Torvalds

Born December 28, 1969 (1969-12-28) (age 38)
Helsinki, Finland
Residence Portland, Oregon
Nationality Finnish
Occupation Software engineer
Employers Linux Foundation
Known for Linux
Spouse Tove Torvalds
Children Patricia Miranda Torvalds
Daniela Yolanda Torvalds
Celeste Amanda Torvalds
Parents Nils Torvalds (father)
Anna Torvalds (mother)
Relatives Ole Torvalds (grandfather)
Website
www.cs.helsinki.fi/u/torvalds/

Linus Benedict Torvalds (pronunciation ; [ˈliːnɵs ˈtuːrvalds]; born December 28, 1969 in Helsinki, Finland) is a Finnish software engineer best known for initiating the development of the Linux kernel. He now acts as the project's coordinator. Download high resolution version (600x920, 94 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Type Commission  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ... Language(s) Finnish, Swedish Languages related to Finnish include Estonian, Karelian, Vepsian, Võro and to a lesser extent, all Finno-Ugric Languages. ... Software engineering (SE) is the profession concerned with specifying, designing, developing and maintaining software applications by applying technologies and practices from computer science, project management, and other fields. ... The Linux Foundation (LF) is a non-profit consortium dedicated to fostering the growth of Linux. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... Nils Torvalds works with Swedish language radio and TV in Finland. ... Ole Torvalds (1916-1995) was a Finland-Swedish journalist and poet from Finland. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... Software engineering is the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software. ... The Linux kernel is a Unix-like operating system kernel. ...

Contents

Biography

Early years

Linus Torvalds was born in Helsinki, Finland, the son of journalists Anna and Nils Torvalds,[1] and the grandson of poet Ole Torvalds. His family belongs to the Swedish-speaking minority (5.5%) of Finland's population. Torvalds was named after Linus Pauling, the American Nobel Prize-winning chemist, although in the book Rebel Code: Linux and the Open Source Revolution, Torvalds is quoted as saying, "I think I was named equally for Linus the peanut-cartoon character," noting that this makes him half "Nobel-prize-winning chemist" and half "blanket-carrying cartoon character."[2] Both of his parents were campus radicals at the University of Helsinki in the 1960s. Nils Torvalds works with Swedish language radio and TV in Finland. ... Ole Torvalds (1916-1995) was a Finland-Swedish journalist and poet from Finland. ... Linus Carl Pauling (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American scientist, peace activist, author and educator of German ancestry. ... The Nobel Prize (Swedish: ) was established in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, and it was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace in 1901. ... Linus van Pelt is one of the characters in Charles M. Schulzs comic strip Peanuts. ... For other uses, see Peanut (disambiguation). ... University of Helsinki is not to be confused with Helsinki University of Technology. ...


Torvalds attended the University of Helsinki from 1988 to 1996, graduating with a master's degree in computer science. His M.Sc. thesis was titled Linux: A Portable Operating System. From 1997 to 1999 he was involved in 86open helping to choose the standard binary format for Linux and Unix. Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... In computing, 86open was a project to form consensus on a common binary file format for Unix and Unix-like operating systems on the common PC compatible x86 architecture, so as to encourage software developers to port to the architecture. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ...


His interest in computers began with a Commodore VIC-20.[3] After the VIC-20 he purchased a Sinclair QL which he modified extensively, especially its operating system. He programmed an assembler and a text editor for the QL, as well as a few games.[4] He is known to have written a Pac-Man clone named Cool Man. In 1990 he purchased an Intel 80386-based IBM PC and spent a few weeks playing the game Prince of Persia before receiving his MINIX copy which in turn enabled him to begin his work on Linux.[2] The VIC-20 (Germany: VC-20; Japan: VIC-1001) is an 8-bit home computer. ... The Sinclair QL (for Quantum Leap), was a personal computer launched by Sinclair Research in 1984, as the successor to the ZX Spectrum. ... An assembly language is a low-level language for programming computers. ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ... Pac-Man is an arcade game developed by Namco and licensed for distribution by Midway Games in 1979. ... 386 DX redirects here. ... IBM PC (IBM 5150) with keyboard and green screen monochrome monitor (IBM 5151), running MS-DOS 5. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... MINIX is a free/open source, Unix-like operating system (OS) based on a microkernel architecture. ...


Later years

Linus Torvalds is married to Tove Torvalds (née Monni) – a six-time Finnish national Karate champion – whom he first met in the autumn of 1993.[5] Torvalds was running introductory computer laboratory exercises for students and instructed the course attendants to send him an e-mail as a test, to which Tove responded with an e-mail asking for a date.[2] Tove and Linus were later married and have three daughters, Patricia, Daniela, and Celeste.[6] The French word née (feminine) or né (masculine) (or the English word nee) is still commonly used in some newspapers when mentioning the maiden name of a woman in engagement or wedding announcements. ... For other uses, see Karate (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


After a visit to Transmeta in late 1996, [7] he accepted a position at the company in California, where he would work from February 1997 through June 2003. He then moved to the Open Source Development Labs, which has since merged with the Free Standards Group to become the Linux Foundation, under whose auspices he continues to work. In June of 2004, Torvalds and his family moved to Portland, Oregon to be closer to the consortium's Beaverton, Oregon-based headquarters. Transmeta NASDAQ: TMTA develops computing technologies with a focus on reducing power consumption in electronic devices. ... Open Source Development Labs (OSDL) was founded in 2000 and has investment backing from Computer Associates, Fujitsu, Hitachi, HP, IBM, Intel, NEC and others. ... The Free Standards Group is an industry non-profit consortium that primarily specifies and drives the adoption of the open source standards. ... The Linux Foundation (LF) is a non-profit consortium dedicated to fostering the growth of Linux. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Type Commission  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ... Location in Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Washington Incorporated 1893 Government  - Mayor Rob Drake Area  - Total 16. ...


Red Hat and VA Linux, both leading developers of Linux-based software, presented Torvalds with stock options in gratitude for his creation. In 1999, both companies went public and Torvalds' net worth shot up to roughly $20 million.[8] For other uses, see Red Hat (disambiguation). ... LNUX stock price (09-Dec-1999 through 09-Dec-2000) VA Software Corporation (NASDAQ: LNUX), formerly VA Linux Systems (and VA Research before that), is the provider of the SourceForge Development Intelligence application. ... Main article: Option A stock option is a specific type of option that uses the stock itself as an underlying instrument to determine the options pay-off (and therefore its value). ... IPO redirects here. ... Net worth (sometimes net assets) is the total assets minus total liabilities of an individual or company. ...


His personal mascot is a penguin nicknamed Tux, which has been widely adopted by the Linux community as the mascot of the Linux kernel. Modern genera Aptenodytes Eudyptes Eudyptula Megadyptes Pygoscelis Spheniscus For prehistoric genera, see Systematics Some penguins are curious. ... Tux, as originally drawn by Larry Ewing Tux (also known as Tux the Penguin) is the official mascot of the Linux kernel. ...


Unlike many open source icons, Torvalds maintains a low profile and generally refuses to comment on competing software products. Torvalds generally stays out of non-kernel-related debates. Although Torvalds believes that "open source is the only right way to do software", he also has said that he uses the "best tool for the job", even if that includes proprietary software.[9] He has been criticized for his use and alleged advocacy of the proprietary BitKeeper software for version control in the Linux kernel. However, Torvalds has since written a free-software replacement for BitKeeper called Git. Torvalds has commented on official GNOME developmental mailing lists that, in terms of desktop environments, he encourages users to switch to KDE[10] and he explained why.[11] Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... Proprietary software is software with restrictions on copying and modifying as enforced by the proprietor. ... BitKeeper is a software tool for revision control (configuration management, SCM, etc. ... Git is a distributed revision control / software configuration management project created by Linus Torvalds to manage software development of the Linux kernel. ... This article is about the mythical creature. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... For the NYSE stock ticker symbol KDE, see 4Kids Entertainment. ...


The Linus/Linux connection

Main article: History of Linux

Initially Torvalds wanted to call the kernel he developed Freax (a combination of "free", "freak", and the letter X to indicate that it is a Unix-like system), but his friend Ari Lemmke, who administered the FTP server where the kernel was first hosted for downloading, named Torvalds' directory linux. This timeline shows the development of the Linux kernel. ... Ari Lemmke (born December 12, 1963) is the person who gave Linux its name. ... This article is about the File Transfer Protocol standardised by the IETF. For other file transfer protocols, see File transfer protocol (disambiguation). ... In information technology, a server is an application or device that performs services for connected clients as part of a client-server architecture. ...


Authority on Linux

About 2% of the current Linux kernel is written by Torvalds himself.[6] Since Linux has had thousands of contributors, such a percentage represents a significant personal contribution to the overall amount of code. Torvalds remains the ultimate authority on what new code is incorporated into the standard Linux kernel.[12]


Linux trademark

Torvalds owns the "Linux" trademark, and monitors[13] use of it chiefly through the non-profit organization Linux International. “(TM)” redirects here. ... A non-profit organization (abbreviated NPO, or non-profit or not-for-profit) is an organization whose primary objective is to support an issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes, without concern for monetary profit. ... Linux International is a non-profit association of groups, corporations and others that work towards the promotion of growth of the Linux operating system and the Linux community. ...


Recognition

9793 Torvalds is an asteroid discovered on January 16, 1996 by Spacewatch. ... EFF Logo The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is an international non-profit advocacy and legal organization based in the United States with the stated purpose of being dedicated to preserving free speech rights such as those protected by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution in the context of... The EFF Pioneer Award is an annual prize for people who have made significant contributions to the empowerment of individuals in using computers. ... Stockholm University (Stockholms universitet) is a state university in Stockholm, Sweden. ... Cryptonomicon is a 1999 novel by Neal Stephenson. ... Neal Town Stephenson (born October 31, 1959) is an American writer, known primarily for his science fiction works in the postcyberpunk genre with a penchant for explorations of society, mathematics, currency, and the history of science. ... University of Helsinki is not to be confused with Helsinki University of Technology. ... The Lovelace Medal was established by the British Computer Society in 1998. ... TIME redirects here. ... TIME Magazines 100 most influential people of the 20th century (called the TIME 100 for short) is a list of the 20th centurys most influential politicians, artists, innovators, scientists and icons, compiled by TIME Magazine. ... The annual Takeda Awards were presented in 2001 and 2002 by the Takeda Foundation. ... Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953), often abbreviated rms,[2] is an American software freedom activist, hacker,[3] and software developer. ... Ken Sakamura (坂村 健 Sakamura Ken, July 25, 1951 - ) is a Japanese professor in electrical engineering. ... Swordvag1na (sometimes referred to as Password: Swordvag1na or Operation: Swordvag1na) is an action/thriller film. ... TIME redirects here. ... Not to be confused with Lawrence Lessing. ... Suuret suomalaiset (Great Finns) was a 2004 television show by YLE (the Finnish Broadcasting Company), which determined the 100 greatest Finns of all time according to the opinions of its viewers. ... BusinessWeek is a business magazine published by McGraw-Hill. ... Howard Vollum, (1913-1986) an engineer, scientist, and philanthropist, was the co-founder of Tektronix Corporation, and endowed the Vollum Institute. ... Reed College is a private, independent liberal arts college located in Portland, Oregon. ... cover Business 2. ... TIME redirects here. ...

See also

Linus Law can refer to two notions, both named after Linus Torvalds. ... The Tanenbaum-Torvalds debate is a famous debate started in 1992 by Andrew S. Tanenbaum with Linus Torvalds regarding Linux and kernel architecture in general on Usenet discussion group comp. ... Promotional poster for two disc edition of Revolution OS Revolution OS is a documentary which traces the history of GNU, Linux, Free Software and the Open Source movement. ... Just for Fun: The Story of an Accidental Revolutionary is a humorous biography of Linus Torvalds, the creator of Linux, co-written with David Diamond. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Torvalds, Linus; David Diamond (2001). Just for Fun: The Story of an Accidental Revolutionary. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-662073-2. 
  2. ^ a b c Moody, Glyn (2002). Rebel Code: Linux and the Open Source Revolution. Perseus Books Group, 336. ISBN 0738206709. 
  3. ^ Just For Fun pages 6-7
  4. ^ Just For Fun pages 41-46
  5. ^ Just For Fun page 123
  6. ^ a b Torvalds' bio on nndb.com
  7. ^ Linux Online - Linus Torvalds Bio
  8. ^ Linus Torvalds: A Very Brief and Completely Unauthorized Biography
  9. ^ Linus Torvalds at Google, on Git, 9:50-10:00
  10. ^ Printing dialog and GNOME
  11. ^ Linus versus GNOME
  12. ^ Henrik Ingo. Open Life: The Philosophy of Open Source. Ingram, 2005. 42-45. Online version
  13. ^ Linus Explains Linux Trademark Issues
  14. ^ Torvalds, Stallman, Simons Win 1998 Pioneer Awards
  15. ^ Talking to Torvalds, British Computer Society, September 2007.
  16. ^ The Person of the Century Poll Results
  17. ^ The Best & Worst Managers Of The Year
  18. ^ Linux creator Linus Torvalds honored with Reed College's Vollum Award
  19. ^ 10 people who don't matter
  20. ^ Linus Torvalds

Just for Fun: The Story of an Accidental Revolutionary is a humorous biography of Linus Torvalds, the creator of Linux, co-written with David Diamond. ... HarperCollins is a publishing company owned by News Corporation. ...

References

  • Himanen, Pekka; Linus Torvalds, and Manuel Castells (2001). The Hacker Ethic. Secker & Warburg. ISBN 0-436-20550-5. 

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Persondata
NAME Torvalds, Linus
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Creator of Linux
DATE OF BIRTH 28 December 1969 (1969-12-28) (age 38)
PLACE OF BIRTH Helsinki, Finland
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For a broader comparison of closed source and Open Source software, see Comparison of open source and closed source. ... Criticism of Linux focuses on issues concerning use of the Linux operating system as a desktop workstation. ... The GNU logo, drawn by Etienne Suvasa The GNU Project was announced in 1983 by Richard Stallman. ... This timeline shows the development of the Linux kernel. ... The Linux kernel is a Unix-like operating system kernel. ... Originally written for Intels i386 processor, very early in its history, the Linux Kernel was re-coded for easy portability. ... Linus Law can refer to two notions, both named after Linus Torvalds. ... The GNU/Linux naming controversy is a dispute among members of the free and open source software community about how to refer to the computer operating systems commonly called Linux. GNU/Linux is the term promoted by the Free Software Foundation (FSF), its founder Richard Stallman, and its supporters, for... The SCO-Linux controversies are a series of legal and public disputes between the software company SCO Group (SCO) and various Linux vendors and users. ... Tux, as originally drawn by Larry Ewing Tux (also known as Tux the Penguin) is the official mascot of the Linux kernel. ... Image File history File links Tux. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Ubuntu, a popular Linux Distribution A Linux distribution (also called GNU/Linux distribution and often simply distribution or distro) is a member of the Linux family of Unix-like computer operating systems. ... Technical variations include support for different hardware devices and systems or software package configurations. ... Gnoppix 0. ... A LiveDistro is a Linux distribution that is executed upon boot, without installation on a hard drive. ... A live USB is a USB flash drive containing a full operating system which can be booted. ... The standard MiniLinux logo The term Mini Linux (or Mini Linux Distribution) refers to any Linux distribution that fits on memory card or a small number of floppies, usually one or two. ... Linux package formats are the different file formats used to package software for various GNU/Linux distributions. ... A screenshot of alsamixer ALSA (an acronym for Advanced Linux Sound Architecture) is a Linux kernel component intended to replace the original Open Sound System (OSS) for providing drivers for sound cards. ... Desktop Linux, also Linux on the desktop (LOTD) is the application of the GNU/Linux operating system on a desktop computer. ... Because of the open source philosophy that linux brings to the software world, many people have ported the linux kernel to run on devices other than a computer. ... Embedded Linux is a Linux based embedded operating system used in cell phones, personal digital assistants, media player handsets and other consumer electronics devices. ... Linux gaming refers to playing and developing games for Linux operating systems. ... The acronym LAMP refers to a solution stack of software, usually free software / open-source software, used to run dynamic Web sites or servers. ... Linux Terminal Server Project (LTSP) is an add-on package for Linux that allows many people to simultaneously use the same computer. ... Jono Bacon is a writer and developer based in the United Kingdom. ... Benjamin Mako Hill (b. ... Andrew Morton is a Linux kernel developer. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Ari Lemmke (born December 12, 1963) is the person who gave Linux its name. ... Ian Murdock (born April 28, 1973, in Konstanz, Germany) is the founder of the Debian GNU/Linux distribution and Progeny Linux Systems, a commercial Linux company. ... Hans Thomas Reiser (born December 19, 1963) is an American computer programmer famous for his contributions to free software in the field of file systems. ... Scott James Remnant is a free and open source software developer. ... Daniel Robbins is a software developer best known as the founder and former chief architect of the Gentoo Linux project. ... Mark Richard Shuttleworth (born 18 September 1973) is a South African entrepreneur who was the second self-funded space tourist and first African in space. ... Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953), often abbreviated rms,[2] is an American software freedom activist, hacker,[3] and software developer. ... Patrick Volkerding (born 1967) is the founder and maintainer of the Slackware Linux distribution. ... When I first started selling mepis on my website I did it the legal way. ... Matt Zimmerman is a technologist and free software and open source developer. ... Enterprise Open Source Journal (or EOSJ) is a computing magazine self-published online magazine. ... The cover of the April 2006 issue. ... Linux. ... Linux Format was the UKs first Linux-specific magazine, and is currently the best-selling Linux title in the UK. It is also exported to many countries worldwide. ... The Linux Gazette is the name of two different monthly Linux webzines, though LinuxGazette. ... Linux Journal is a monthly magazine published by SpecializedSystemsConsultants (SSC) of Seattle, first published in March 1994. ... The Linux Magazin is a German professional journal. ... Linux Magazin (ISSN 1432-640X) is a German professional journal. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... LWN.net is a computing news site with an emphasis on Free/Libre/Open-Source Software and software for Unix-like operating systems. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... Phoronix is a technology website that offers product reviews, Linux distribution screenshots, interviews, and news while maintaining a pure Linux orientation. ... This page provides general information about notable Linux distributions in the form of a categorized list. ... This is a large list of LiveDistros. ... The Linux Foundation (LF) is a non-profit consortium dedicated to fostering the growth of Linux. ... A Linux User Group or Linux Users Group (LUG) is a private, generally non-profit or not-for-profit organization that provides support and/or education for Linux users, particularly for inexperienced users. ... The Linux Standard Base, or LSB, is a joint project by several GNU/Linux distributions under the organizational structure of The Free Standards Group to standardize the internal structure of Linux-based operating systems. ... Promotional poster for two disc edition of Revolution OS Revolution OS is a documentary which traces the history of GNU, Linux, Free Software and the Open Source movement. ... The Tanenbaum-Torvalds debate is a famous debate started in 1992 by Andrew S. Tanenbaum with Linus Torvalds regarding Linux and kernel architecture in general on Usenet discussion group comp. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Linux Online - Linus Torvalds Bio (638 words)
Linus Torvalds was born on December 28, 1969 in Helsinki, Finland.
Linus was not impressed with the system in general and in particular he lamented its inability to do terminal emulation, which he needed so he could connect to the university's computers.
Linus was intrigued by their work and in early 1997 he accepted a position at Transmeta and moved to California with his family.
Linus Torvalds - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1209 words)
Torvalds was born in Helsinki, the capital of Finland, as the son of journalists Anna and Nils, and the grandson of poet Ole Torvalds.
Linus is married to Tove Torvalds (née Monni).
Linus was running introductory computer laboratory exercises for students and instructed the course attendants to send him an e-mail as a test, to which Tove responded with an e-mail asking for a date.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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